The Centrobasket is a FIBA-sponsored international basketball tournament where national teams from Central America and the Caribbean participate. These countries make up Caribbean Basketball Confederation; the top three or four Women's National teams earn berths to the FIBA Women's AmeriCup, from which they can qualify for the FIBA Basketball World Cup or Summer Olympics. Teams qualify for these tournaments by finishing high in the previous Centrobasket or by placing high at the FIBA COCABA Championship for Mexico and the seven Central American countries and at the FIBA CBC Championship for the 23 Caribbean countries. In total, 31 countries have an opportunity to qualify their national teams for Centrobasket, yet all of them do not enter teams regularly. Celebration of the tournament is every two years. Played only in odd years, the tournament has, in recent years, it has moved to years since 2004; the tournament was not held in either 1979 or 1983, but with those exceptions, the tournament has been held every other year, excepting for subsequent tournaments in 2003 and 2004.

Eight teams participate at the tournament, divided into two groups. The first round of the tournament consists of a round-robin, in the second round, teams compete to define their final position at the tournament's standing. Panama and Puerto Rico have been multiple medal winners at this event, both considered the strongest teams in the region though the Puerto Rican team never sends its best players for this competition. To date, Puerto Rico has earned large number of medals in every tournament that it has participated in. FIBA Archive Panama History Puerto Rico & Dominican Republic History Cuba FIBA History Virgin Islands Partial History for first two competitions Caribbean Basketball Confederation Centrobasket


Chorusgirl is the musical project of Silvi Wersing formed in 2014. She spent her formative years as a musician playing bass and guitar in a string of bands, first in Germany in England. Wersing began recording demos on her own, with producer Jan-Niklas Jansen, at Bear Cave Studio in Cologne; when enough songs were ready to be aired live, she formed a group. Silvi Wersing spent her formative years as a musician playing bass and guitar in a string of bands, first in Germany in England, before striking out on her own under the name Chorusgirl in 2014; the songs mixed influences from 90's with more recent bands of a similar vein. Wersing began recording demos on her own, with producer Jan-Niklas Jansen, at Bear Cave Studio in Cologne; when enough songs were ready to be aired live, she formed a group. Bassist Udo Westhoff, drummer Michael Boyle, guitarist Caroline Arvensis joined in 2014. Though Arvensis was soon replaced by Diogo Oliveira, he was still replaced by Faith Taylor; the group released a single "No Moon"/"Dream on, Baby Blue" for the Odd Box Records' 100 Club series in early 2015 later that year released their self-titled debut album on Fortuna Pop!.

The band played Indietracks festival in both 2015 and 2017. On 11 September 2018 the band announced their second album with lead single "No Goodbyes"; the album, entitled Shimmer And Spin, will be released by Reckless Yes on 16 November. Chorusgirl - Fortuna Pop!, 12" LP, CD, MP3 Shimmer And Spin - Reckless Yes, 12" LP, CD, MP3 "No Moon"/"Dream on, Baby Blue" - Odd Box Records, 7" LP, CD, MP3


Fowlsheugh is a coastal nature reserve in Kincardineshire, northeast Scotland, known for its 70-metre-high cliff formations and habitat supporting prolific seabird nesting colonies. Designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest by Scottish Natural Heritage, the property is owned by the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds. Fowlsheugh can be accessed by a public clifftop trail, or by boats which emanate from the nearby harbour at the town of Stonehaven. Tens of thousands of pelagic birds return to the site every spring to breed, after wintering at sea or in more southern climates, principal species being puffins, kittiwakes and guillemots. Due to global warming, the planktonic species present that prefer cold water are not available in the quantity required to support the large sandeel population. Added to the problem has been overfishing of the Scottish sandeel, further reducing the numbers of this dietary staple for puffins and other local seabirds; the sheer cliffs of Fowlsheugh are undercut in some places by erosive force of the North Sea wave action and associated strong marine winds, giving rise to cliff overhangs in numerous stretches of the blufftop trail.

The underlying rock formation is known as Old Red Sandstone, which occurs from Dunnottar Castle five kilometres north to the town of Catterline seven kilometres south. This sandstone formation may be as thick as 2700 metres. In places the fissured red-and-green-coloured sandstone is replaced by picturesque conglomerate with roundish stones varying in diameter from two to thirty centimetres. In other places more greenish volcanic extrusions are evident as harder veins within the sandstone bluffs. Where the rock faces meet the North Sea, there are several sea caves accessible only by small boat; the deepest cave known locally as the “Gallery” intrudes a full hundred metres westward beneath the fertile barley fields high above. In the northern extremity of the Fowlsheugh is an offshore skerry named Craiglethy, further a skerry called Gull Craig; these lower lying rocky outcrops are an integral part of the Fowlsheugh Preserve, hosting seabird nests as well as a few harbour seals on Craiglethy, who can be seen hauling out or sunbathing on summer afternoons.

Craiglethy is composed only of sandstone and volcanic material, any original overlying conglomerate material having been long eroded. There are some volcanic sea stacks along the shoreline, vestiges of the harder rock formations surviving the erosion of surrounding softer rocks by millennia of wave action and salt spray. There has been human recognition of Fowlsheugh as a unique bird area for at least five centuries, culminating in its present-day designations of Important Bird Area, Special Protection Area and SSSI; this historic interest has translated into reasonably good bird counts over at least the last century. As a glimpse into Fowlsheugh in early Victorian times, James Anderson wrote: "a remarkable rock of the conglomerate or plum pudding species called Fowls Heugh, about a mile long and two hundred feet high, quite perpendicular and in some places overhanging visited by sportsmen on account of innumerable sea fowl, of the kittiwake species, which resort to it in the breeding season.

The rappelers would have anchored their pitons in the rock itself, as the loose soil above is not endowed with much fastening strength. About the year 1900 the Crown leased fishing rights at the base of Fowlsheugh to private interests, who proceeded to fish the North Sea close to the cliff faces using extensive systems of nets; the resulting entrainment of guillemots led to such great bird mortality, as well as to public outcry, that fishing lets were abandoned the following year. In 1920 fulmars arrived at Fowlsheugh to breed from St. Kilda. International recognition of Fowlsheugh has been established due to the large and productive seabird colonies present. On August 31, 1992 Special Protection Area status was conferred with. EU code designation of UK9002271; the Fowlsheugh extent has been recorded as an area of only 10.15 hectares in size, making the seabird density one of the greatest in Europe. In excess of 170,000 birds inhabit Fowlsheugh at the peak breeding season between April and late July.

This value places Fowlsheugh as the second largest seabird colony in Britain and surpasses the criterion of 20,000 birds to qualify as a protected area of international seabird importance under European Union Directive 79/409. Bird species present are auks and gulls, which feed in nearby offshore waters as well as more distant North Sea reaches. Most of the nests are constructed on precarious perches nestled in the vertical cliffs of the basalt and conglomerate. During breeding season the bluffs are dense in birds arriving and feeding in the waters below. Sound levels from birds have been measured as high as 69 dBA for a one-hour interval; as of 2005 about 18,000 breeding pairs of kittiwakes return to Fowlsheugh each year, making their nests on some of the most vertical parts of the landsc