Century Gothic is a sans-serif typeface in the geometric style, released by Monotype Imaging in 1991. It is influenced by the font Futura, though with a higher x-height, its design history derives from two separate typefaces intended as Futura competitors, it is a digital typeface. Like many geometric sans-serifs, Century Gothic's design has a single-story "a" and "g", an "M" with slanting sides resembling an upturned "W". Century Gothic has a high x-height, its origins come from a design intended for large-print uses such as headings and signs, so it has a reasonably purely geometric design based on the circle and square, with less variation in stroke width than fonts designed for small sizes tend to show, a slender design in its default weight. Its default spacing is quite tight in the style popular in American post-war display typefaces. Characters are quite wide. While many geometric sans-serif typefaces have been released to compete with the popular typeface Futura, Century Gothic is unique in its origin: it redraws one to match the design proportions of a second.
Century Gothic was created to be a substitute font for ITC Avant Garde, designed by Herb Lubalin, released by the International Typeface Corporation in 1970, so a document created in one can be displayed in the other with no change to copyfit. This allows it to substitute interchangeably for Avant Garde in documents, an important feature since Avant Garde is a standard font in some forms of the PostScript digital printing standard, so Century Gothic allowed Microsoft to use it in preference to paying for an ITC Avant Garde license. Additionally, Century Gothic's design was based on Monotype's own Twentieth Century, drawn by Sol Hess between 1937 and 1947 for the Lanston Monotype Company. Century Gothic is similar to ITC Avant Garde in its pure geometry, does not possess the subtle variation in stroke width found in either Futura or Twentieth Century. However, it differs from ITC Avant Garde in that like Futura and Twentieth Century, Century Gothic does not have a descender at bottom right of the "u", whereas Avant Garde does.
Century Gothic has larger, rounder tittles on the letters i and j more akin to Futura, whereas Avant Garde keeps the tittles square and the same width as the letter strokes. Most notably, it lacks the extreme stylistic alternates of Avant Garde, such as slanted letters designed to fit together in kerning. ITC Avant Garde was intended as a display design for large headings and advertisements and as a result Century Gothic is quite a light typeface in default weight, with the classic display typeface feature of tight spacing and quite wide characters, in contrast to Twentieth Century, intended more for small-size applications with a more solid stroke weight and open spacing. While its structure is similar to Futura, its regular style is between Futura and Twentieth Century's regular and light weights. Century Gothic was one of several clones of PostScript standard fonts created by Monotype in collaboration with or sold to Microsoft around this time, including Arial, Book Antiqua and Bookman Old Style.
It was bundled with Microsoft Office 4.3 in 1994 and subsequently provided with Plus! 95, Windows 98, Microsoft Works, various versions of Microsoft Office up to 2010. A version of Century Gothic, that includes Hebrew alphabet characters has been included in versions of Windows. According to the University of Wisconsin-Green Bay, Century Gothic uses much less ink than other, similar sans-serif typefaces, it was found. In order to save money that would be spent on printer ink for other typefaces, the university switched their default e-mail and printing typeface from Arial to Century Gothic. However, the typeface has been found to use more paper—due to its wider letters—meaning that the savings on ink are offset by an increase in paper costs. Along with the serif typeface Garamond, Century Gothic is one of the two typefaces that PrintWise, an initiative of the U. S. government's General Services Administration, recommends U. S. government workers use for printed documents. Apart from Avant Garde and Futura, a number of other fonts based on Avant Garde have been created to substitute for it in PostScript implementations.
A particular case of this is an open-sourced set of fonts developed by URW and donated to the Ghostscript project to create a free PostScript alternative. This includes an AvantGarde clone known as "Gothic L", it is used by much open-source software such as R as a system font. A derivative of this family known as "TeX Gyre Adventor" has been prepared for use in the TeX scientific document preparation software; the standard title typeface in Key Club publications. Used in the standing sets of Star Trek: Enterprise as part of the Starfleet standards for that television series' stated time period of the 2150s; the logo of the Canadian music duo Crystal Castles. The main typeface of The Ellen DeGeneres Show; the main typeface of EA's third-person shooter, Battlefield Heroes. The logo of GMA Network; the logo of King Power. The logo of Arca South; the logo of Samsung ATIV. Weezer's "weezer" logo; the cover of Gorillaz' 2005 album Demon Days. The main typeface for the video game BioShock. Used throughout the Jak and Daxter video game series.
The beginning and end credits in the US television series House. The opening titles and the credits of The Hunger
A century ride is a road cycling ride of 100 miles or more as a cycling club-sponsored event. Many cycling clubs sponsor an annual century ride as both a social event for cyclists and as a fund-raiser for the club’s other activities. A sanctioned century ride is organized and conducted under the rules and liability protection of a sanctioning organization, such as the League of American Bicyclists. Sanctioned rides have rest stops every 25 miles or so, where water and toilets are available for cyclists. On a supported century ride, the route is patrolled by a sag wagon to assist riders with bicycle maintenance, or provide transportation back to the starting line for those unable to ride the entire course. Sanctioned rides are always supported. Club-sponsored century rides offer several options for cyclists of varying abilities, such as… Quarter century, 25 miles Half century, 50 miles Metric century, 100 km Double metric century, 200 km Double century, 200 miles. Double century rides are scheduled near the summer solstice to take advantage of the longer daylight hours, begin at or before dawn.
The term Imperial century is sometimes used outside the United States and United Kingdom to indicate that 100 miles in imperial system is used instead of the implied 100 kilometers in metric system. The term Metric century is used inside the United States and United Kingdom to indicate that 100 kilometers is being rode; the larger, more unusual and better known annual century rides in the United States and Canada include: El Tour de Tucson in Tucson, Arizona in November, as many as 9,000 riders. Apple Cider Century in southwestern Michigan in late September, as many as 5000 riders. Hotter'N Hell Hundred in Wichita Falls, with some 14,000 cyclists in 2009. Ride Around Mount Rainier in One Day, hosted by the Redmond Bicycle Club in Enumclaw, Washington. Seattle to Portland Bicycle Classic, hosted by the Cascade Bicycle Club, with as many as 10,000 riders every July. Tour of the Scioto River Valley in Columbus, organized by Columbus Outdoor Pursuits, which drew about 3000 cyclists in May 2011 for the two-day, 210-mile round-trip to Portsmouth.
Rideau Lakes Cycle Tour, Ottawa to Kingston and back, 2000 to 2500 riders. Many multiple-day group rides include a century ride in one or more segments of the course. For example, the Ride for AIDS Chicago in Illinois is a two-day, 200-mile charity ride in which cyclists complete the first century on Day 1 and the second on Day 2. Ride the Rockies in Colorado includes at least one century-optional day, as a detour from the shorter main route, as does the Bicycle Ride Across Georgia; the origins of the century ride are obscure, but Dora Rinehart did century rides in Denver, Colorado in the 1890s. The TOSRV began in 1962 with two riders; the Rideau Lakes Cycle Tour started in 1972 with eighty riders. The Apple Cider Century dates back to 1974. Bike a Century, a directory of annual century rides. Ride for AIDS Chicago, a back-to-back double-century benefiting the Test Positive Aware Network and HIV services in Chicago. Challenge riding Cyclosportive Gran Fondo
The Toyota Century is a large four-door limousine produced for the Japanese market, serving as Toyota's flagship car within Japan. Production of the Century began in 1967, the model received only minor changes until a redesign in 1997; the Century derived its name from the 100th birthday of Sakichi Toyoda, the founder of Toyota Industries. It is used by the Imperial House of Japan, the Prime Minister of Japan, senior Japanese government leaders, high-level executive businessmen; the Century is comparable in purpose to the Austin Princess/Daimler DS420, Cadillac Series 70, Mercedes-Benz 600, Chinese Red Flag, Rolls-Royce, Russian ZIS/ZIL limousines. The first-generation Century was available with only a V8 engine, the third Japanese-built sedan post-war, at its introduction in 1967 until a full platform redesign in 1997; the second generation was only installed with a Toyota-designed and -built V12, an engine unique to the Century, until 2018, when the power-train was reverted to a V8 with the addition of Toyota's hybrid technology.
While the Century is a premium, full-size luxury sedan, it is not available at Japanese Lexus dealerships. The logo used throughout is called the Hō-ō 鳳凰 or Fushichō from Asian mythology, representing the Imperial House of Japan; the exterior styling of the Century has, with some modifications, remained unchanged since its introduction due to its perception as denoting conservative success. Its appearance is iconic in Asian countries and is painted black; the closest Japanese competitor was the Nissan President, with a similar status reputation although, during the 1960s and'70s, the high market positioning was shared with the Mitsubishi Debonair. Other Japanese competitors introduced large sedans—the Isuzu Statesman de Ville and the Mazda Roadpacer —which were short-lived; the original Century was based on the 1964 Crown Eight, which featured the 2.6 L V8 Toyota V engine, appeared two years after the October 1965 introduction of the Nissan President with a 4.0 L V8. The 1967 Century was equipped with an upgraded version of the Crown Eight engine, the 3.0 L 3V.
1973 saw the introduction of the 3.4 L 4V-U, the engine was once again changed to the 4.0 L 5V-EU in 1982, with the installation of fuel injection, the installation of emission control technology Toyota called "TTC". Note that the 3V, 4V-U, 5V-EU do not refer to the number of valves in the engine but denote model names in the Toyota V engine range. On the "C" pillar there is a badge in blue with a gothic-style "C" for Century with a label "V8" below. In 1971, automatic climate control became available, at that time a innovative feature; the first generation Century remained untouched during its impressively long 30-year production run, apart from minor cosmetic changes and engine upgrades. The Century was built in a "nearly hand-made" fashion. In 1982 the Century received its first model change, updating the entire vehicle inside and out, installing a larger engine, it is this appearance that has remained unchanged to the current version, as the appearance of the Century introduced in 1982 is much desired of its clientele.
A fiber-optic multiplexing communications system was installed. During Japan's Bubble Economy, sales of the Century doubled, but the Century wasn't enough for these heady days of luxury, in October 1989 the Century Limousine appeared. This was 650 mm longer for an overall length of 5,770 mm, on a 3,510 mm wheelbase the same dimensions as a Cadillac de Ville series, Lincoln Town Car, Mercedes-Benz S-Class, or a Rolls-Royce Silver Spirit; the Limousine received a standard padded vinyl roof and an opera window in the centre pillar, where the stretch was placed. It uses 150 mm wider rear doors, for a more balanced design and ease of entry. An annual production of 60 was planned; as of September 1990 there was an L-type stretched version of the Century — length is 5,270 mm with a wheelbase of 3,010 mm. A Toyota Century with a GT45 gas turbine and electric motor was shown as the Century gas turbine hybrid concept vehicle at the 1975 Tokyo Motor Show. 1973: Electromagnetic locks were changed, the tail lights were changed as well as the inclusion of front disc brakes.
1975: Standard manual transmission no longer offered. 1987: On D-type, Transmission shifter moved from the column to the floor. Front bucket seats instead of bench seats. VG20: 3.0 L 3V V8, 1967–1973 VG21: 3.4 L 4V-U V8, 1973 VG30: 3.4 L 4V-U V8, 1973–1977 C-VG30: 1977 E-VG35: 1978–1982 VG40: 4.0 L 5V-EU V8, 1982–1997 VG45: 4.0 L 5V-EU V8 1990-1997First generation The Century received a complete redesign in April 1997, although the new model was visually similar to the previous generation. This model is powered by a 280 PS 5.0 L 1GZ-FE V12 with a 4-speed automatic, until a 6-speed "intelligent" transmission arrived in 2005. It features air suspension; the Century remains the first and only Japanese front-engine, rear-wheel-drive production car equipped with a V12, it is Toyota's first V12 engine. As this is a top level luxury flagship, private owners are comfortable with the yearly road tax bill; the Century was Toyota's most luxurious model at its inception in 1967, maintained this status throughout the 20th century.
Today, it is po
In snooker, a century break is a score of 100 points or more within one visit at the table without missing a shot and requires potting at least 25 consecutive balls. The ability to score century breaks is regarded as a mark of the highest skill in snooker, while the first career century has been described by Ronnie O'Sullivan as the "ultimate milestone for any snooker player". Over 20,000 century breaks have been recorded by snooker players throughout professional tournaments. In 2014, Neil Robertson became the first person to have scored over 100 century frames throughout a single season, a threshold that only some 60 other players had surpassed throughout their entire careers. Ronnie O'Sullivan holds the record for the most career centuries with more than 1000 century breaks. A century break is a score of 100 points or more within one visit at the table, without missing a shot; the player does this by potting red balls and coloured balls alternately, where the coloured balls are repositioned on their starting locations.
After repositioning the coloured ball paired to the last red on the table, the six coloured balls are potted in order of their increasing value. Because a break is defined as series of consecutive pots by a player during a single frame, scoring 100 points over the course of a whole frame does not constitute a century break, as it must be done on a single turn at the table. Points for a foul shot by the opponent do not count in a player's break. Under normal circumstances, the highest possible century in snooker is 147, composed of 15 reds, 15 blacks and the six remaining colours. If for example only the least-valued colour would be used instead of the black ball, the break value would only be 72 points; this means that only a single century break is possible in a frame of snooker under a limited number of combinations, but it requires the potting of at least 25 consecutive balls. To score one, there must be at least ten reds on the table when the player comes to play since if there are only nine reds left, only 99 points may be scored.
An exception exists if the opponent fouls and leaves the incoming player snookered on all the remaining reds. In such a situation, the player can nominate one of the other colours as a red, known as a "free ball", which carries the same value as a red for just that shot, therefore, a century break is still possible with only nine reds left. Breaks above 147 are possible when an opponent fouls and leaves a free ball with all fifteen reds still remaining on the table, creating a situation identical to as if there were 16 red balls on the table; this has happened only once in professional competition, when Jamie Burnett made a 148 at the qualifying stage of the 2004 UK Championship. A "century of centuries" refers to a total of 100 breaks of at least 100 points each. Only 15 players had reached this milestone in professional snooker tournaments by December 2001. With an increase in the occurrence of centuries in the past decades, another 27 players achieved this landmark by October 2011, by the end of the 2013/2014 season the total number of players reaching this threshold had grown to 52.
Only Neil Robertson has achieved one hundred centuries in a single season, during 2013/2014. By the end of the 2018 English Open 66 players had reached 100 century breaks; the following players are reported to have passed 100 breaks and at least the given threshold above this. Joe Davis compiled the first televised century break in 1962; the record for most century breaks scored in official tournament play is held by Ronnie O'Sullivan with 1000 centuries. The record was held by Stephen Hendry who compiled 775 centuries over the course of his career; the first player to record 1,000 centuries in public performance is Horace Lindrum. The first player—and so far only—to record 1,000 centuries in professional competition is Ronnie O'Sullivan, a feat he achieved at the 2019 Players Championship on 10 March 2019. Stacey Hillyard became the first female to record a competitive century in January 1985; the quickest recorded century break in tournament play was by Tony Drago at 1996 UK Championship, taking 3 minutes 31 seconds to score a hundred points.
The youngest player to record a century break is Michael White at the age of nine in March 2001. The first player to reach 50 centuries in a season was Hendry, with 53 century breaks from the 1994/1995 season. Hendry achieved another 51 centuries during the 1995/1996 season, while O'Sullivan came close with 48 in the 2006/2007 season, but it was not until the 2010/2011 season when the record was broken by Mark Selby with 54 centuries, again by Selby with 55 century breaks in the 2011/2012 season. Judd Trump took the record with 61 centuries in the 2012/2013 season and the record was broken for the fourth successive season in 2013/2014 when Neil Robertson overtook Trump's tally; the first player to reach the'century of centuries' mark during a single season is Neil Robertson in the 2013/2014 season on 30 April 2014 during his quarter final match against Judd Trump at the 2014 World Championship. In total, Robertson compiled 103 century breaks throughout the season; the most centuries made by a player in a single match during a professional tournament is seven and the record is shared by Stephen Hendry and Ding Junhui.
Hendry set the record during the final of the 1994 UK Championship. During this match, Hendry compiled six cent
SkySea Golden Era
SkySea Golden Era Celebrity Century, was the lead ship of the Century-class of cruise ships for Celebrity Cruises, the co-flagship of the Celebrity fleet, along with Millennium-class ship Celebrity Constellation, the newest Solstice-class, Celebrity Reflection. Other ships belonging to the Century-class include Marella Explorer and Mein Schiff 2. In March 2018, it was announced that Royal Caribbean Cruises and Ctrip were to close the SkySea Cruise Line brand and that the line's sole ship SkySea Golden Era would join the Marella fleet in place of Mein Schiff 2 which would stay with TUI Cruises. Golden Era will take her final voyage on August 29, 2018, it will be a 4-night sailing from Shanghai with a call at Japan. SkySea Golden Era is in Cadiz, Spain undergoing a major refurbishment in order to become Marella Explorer 2 - where she will see her first sailing in April 2019. Century went into a 5-week drydock in April 2006 for a refurbishment. Designed to incorporate a variety of Celebrity's Millennium-class attributes, the revitalization of Century was the line's most extensive refurbishment to-date, the largest cruise ship modification completed by Fincantieri's Palermo, shipyard.
In late December 2013, it was rumored that the ship would transfer to CDF Croisières de France in 2015. Celebrity Cruises continued to deny the rumors until February 13, 2014 when they formally announced her departure from the fleet in April 2015, from March 2014 through April 2015, Celebrity Century will visit 77 ports in 32 countries, the most destinations of any ship in the Celebrity fleet; the line will celebrate this final season with several special events, including a 14-night President's Cruise to Asia with Celebrity President and CEO Michael Bayley. On September 2, 2014, it was announced that SkySea Cruises, a joint venture between Ctrip and Royal Caribbean, would acquire the vessel and begin operations after April, 2015. Century was the setting for The Nanny season three episode "Ship of Fran's". Official website
Centuries is a house in Hythe, built in the 13th century earlier. It is the birthplace of Hamo Hethe, b.1275, who became the Bishop of Rochester in 1319. In 1685 it became St. Bartholomew's Hospital, for between ten and thirteen people, until 1949; the house is listed on the Statutory List of Buildings of Special Architectural or Historic Interest as Grade II*, is on the corner of Church Hill and Bartholomew Street in Hythe. The original house was built in the 13th century earlier, by a family named Noble, believed to be Hamo's ancestors; the two story structure with a large cellar is built of local rag-stone and was, at that time, in a preeminent location on the docks in Hythe, on the corner of the 12th century road to Canterbury called Clyme Hill, via Saltwood Castle. Built of Kentish rag-stone and wide-joined rubble, the simple two story structure had an exterior staircase made of wood on the east side; the cellar, with its door facing the docks, was used for storage and trade while the ground floor and first floor were living areas.
It is that the original cellar door and south-facing windows had rounded arches in the Norman style, that were adapted to the Gothic style at the time of the western addition. There is a large stone that goes several feet into the ground on the southeast corner of the building, most a mooring Bollard. In 1335 the west wing extension was added along the quayside on Duck Lane, by Hamo de Hethe, by Bishop of Rochester, he continued to use the house as a summer residence. The west wing is built of squared sandstone rubble with simple Gothic arched windows and a central door which leads, still today, through a stone floored passage that exits in the back garden; the exterior wooden steps were removed and an interior staircase built, from the cellar up to the ground and first floors. Upon entering the cellar there is an ancient Ambry built into the stone wall, which would have been used for storage objects of a religious nature, holy waters, the like; the final addition to the house was in 1811. The house remained owned by the church until 1949.
Jervis, Dr. Ben, Assessment of Pottery from "Centuries", Kent Oxford Dictionary of National biography. Hamo de Hethe, 2004-8 VCH Kent Volume 2, 1926, 220-221 Edward Hasted and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent, 1799, 231-253 John Newman, North East and East Kent, 1983, 360 Willam Page, ed.. "The Hospitals of Hythe". A History of the County of Kent: Volume 2. British History Online. Pp. 220–221. Retrieved 25 August 2013
Centaurium is a genus of 20 species in the gentian family, tribe Chironieae, subtribe Chironiinae. The genus was named after the centaur Chiron, famed in Greek mythology for his skill in medicinal herbs, it is distributed into Asia. Until 2004, Centaurium was given a much wider circumscription, comprising about 50 species ranging across Europe, the Americas and the Pacific; however this circumscription was polyphyletic, so in 2004 the genus was split in four, being Centaurium sensu stricto, Zeltnera and Schenkia. Zeltnera muehlenbergii - C. muehlenbergii Zeltnera namophila - C. namophila Zeltnera venusta - C. venustum Gentian Research Network