A given name is a part of a person's personal name. It identifies a person, differentiates that person from the other members of a group who have a common surname; the term given name refers to the fact that the name is bestowed upon a person to a child by their parents at or close to the time of birth. A Christian name, a first name, given at baptism, is now typically given by the parents at birth. In informal situations, given names are used in a familiar and friendly manner. In more formal situations, a person's surname is more used—unless a distinction needs to be made between people with the same surname; the idioms "on a first-name basis" and "being on first-name terms" refer to the familiarity inherent in addressing someone by their given name. By contrast, a surname, inherited, is shared with other members of one's immediate family. Regnal names and religious or monastic names are special given names bestowed upon someone receiving a crown or entering a religious order; such a person typically becomes known chiefly by that name.
The order given name – family name known as the Western order, is used throughout most European countries and in countries that have cultures predominantly influenced by European culture, including North and South America. The order family name – given name known as the Eastern order, is used in East Asia, as well as in Southern and North-Eastern parts of India, in Hungary; this order is common in Austria and Bavaria, in France, Belgium and Italy because of the influence of bureaucracy, which puts the family name before the given name. In China and Korea, part of the given name may be shared among all members of a given generation within a family and extended family or families, in order to differentiate those generations from other generations; the order given name – father's family name – mother's family name is used in Spanish-speaking countries to acknowledge the families of both parents. Today the order can be changed in Spain and Uruguay using given name – mother's family name – father's family name.
The order given name – mother's family name – father's family name is used in Portuguese-speaking countries to acknowledge the families of both parents. In many Western cultures, people have more than one given name. One of those, not the first in succession might be used as the name which that person goes by, such as in the cases of John Edgar Hoover and Mary Barbara Hamilton Cartland. A child's given name or names are chosen by the parents soon after birth. If a name is not assigned at birth, one may be given at a naming ceremony, with family and friends in attendance. In most jurisdictions, a child's name at birth is a matter of public record, inscribed on a birth certificate, or its equivalent. In western cultures, people retain the same given name throughout their lives. However, in some cases these names may be changed by repute. People may change their names when immigrating from one country to another with different naming conventions. In certain jurisdictions, a government-appointed registrar of births may refuse to register a name that may cause a child harm, considered offensive or which are deemed impractical.
In France, the agency can refer the case to a local judge. Some jurisdictions, such as Sweden, restrict the spelling of names. Parents may choose a name because of its meaning; this may be a personal or familial meaning, such as giving a child the name of an admired person, or it may be an example of nominative determinism, in which the parents give the child a name that they believe will be lucky or favourable for the child. Given names most derive from the following categories: Aspirational personal traits. For example, the name Clement means "merciful". English examples include Faith and August. Occupations, for example George means "earth-worker", i.e. "farmer". Circumstances of birth, for example Thomas meaning "twin" or the Latin name Quintus, traditionally given to the fifth male child. Objects, for example Peter means "rock" and Edgar means "rich spear". Physical characteristics, for example Calvin means "bald". Variations on another name to change the sex of the name or to translate from another language.
Surnames, for example Winston and Ross. Such names can honour other branches of a family, where the surname would not otherwise be passed down. Places, for example Brittany and Lorraine. Time of birth, for example day of the week, as in Kofi Annan, whose given name means "born on Friday", or the holiday on which one was born, for example, the name Natalie meaning "born on Christmas day" in Latin. Tuesday, May, or June. Combination of the above, for example the Armenian name Sirvart means "love rose". In many cultures, given names are reused to commemorate ancestors or those who are admired, resulting in a limited repertoire of names that sometimes vary by orthography; the most familiar example of this, to Western readers, is the use of Biblical and saints' names in most of the Christian countries (with Ethiopia, in which names were ideals or abstractions
Ceren Demirçelen is a Turkish women's handballer, who plays in the Turkish Women's Handball Super League for Kastamonu Bld. GSK, the Turkey national team; the 1.73 m -tall sportswoman is line player. Ceren Demirçelen began her sports career in the 2010–11 season joining the handball team of Kastamonu University, which played in the Turkish Women's Handball First League. In the 2012–13 and 2013–14 seasons, she played in the Women's Sıper League for Araç Belediyespor, renamed to Kastamonu Bld. GSK in July 2014, she continued to remain on the squad of Kastamonu Bld. GSK in the coming seasons, she participated at the 2015–16 Women's EHF Challenge Cup with Kastamonu Bld. GSK. In November 2014, Demirçelen was admitted the Turkey women's national handball team, she ttok part at the qualification matches of the 2015 World Women's Handball Championship – European qualification. Turkish Women's Handball Super LeagueThird place: 2014–15
Female is the sex of an organism, or a part of an organism, that produces non-mobile ova. Barring rare medical conditions, most female mammals, including female humans, have two X chromosomes. Female characteristics vary between different species with some species containing more well defined female characteristics. Both genetics and environment shape the prenatal development of a female; the ova are defined as the larger gametes in a heterogamous reproduction system, while the smaller motile gamete, the spermatozoon, is produced by the male. A female individual cannot reproduce sexually without access to the gametes of a male, vice versa; some organisms can reproduce by themselves in a process known as asexual reproduction. An example of asexual reproduction that some female species can perform is parthenogenesis. There is no single genetic mechanism behind sex differences in different species and the existence of two sexes seems to have evolved multiple times independently in different evolutionary lineages.
Patterns of sexual reproduction include Isogamous species with two or more mating types with gametes of identical form and behavior, Anisogamous species with gametes of male and female types, Oogamous species, which include humans in which the female gamete is much larger than the male and has no ability to move. Oogamy is a form of anisogamy. There is an argument that this pattern was driven by the physical constraints on the mechanisms by which two gametes get together as required for sexual reproduction. Other than the defining difference in the type of gamete produced, differences between males and females in one lineage cannot always be predicted by differences in another; the concept is not limited to animals. In land plants and male designate not only the egg- and sperm-producing organisms and structures, but the structures of the sporophytes that give rise to male and female plants; the word female comes from the Latin femella, the diminutive form of femina, meaning "woman". It is not etymologically related to the word male, but in the late 14th century the spelling was altered in English to parallel the spelling of male.
A distinguishing characteristic of the class Mammalia is the presence of mammary glands. The mammary glands are modified sweat glands that produce milk, used to feed the young for some time after birth. Only mammals produce milk. Mammary glands are most obvious in humans, as the female human body stores large amounts of fatty tissue near the nipples, resulting in prominent breasts. Mammary glands are present in all mammals, although they are used by the males of the species. Most mammalian females have two copies of the X chromosome as opposed to the male which carries only one X and one smaller Y chromosome. To compensate for the difference in size, one of the female's X chromosomes is randomly inactivated in each cell of placental mammals while the paternally derived X is inactivated in marsupials. In birds and some reptiles, by contrast, it is the female, heterozygous and carries a Z and a W chromosome whilst the male carries two Z chromosomes. Intersex conditions can give rise to other combinations, such as XO or XXX in mammals, which are still considered as female so long as they do not contain a Y chromosome, except for specific cases of testosterone deficiency/insensitivity in XY individuals while in the womb.
However, these conditions result in sterility. Mammalian females bear live young; some non-mammalian species, such as guppies, have analogous reproductive structures. A common symbol used to represent the female sex is ♀, a circle with a small cross underneath. According to Schott, the most established view is that the male and female symbols "are derived from contractions in Greek script of the Greek names of these planets, namely Thouros and Phosphoros; these derivations have been traced by Renkama who illustrated how Greek letters can be transformed into the graphic male and female symbols still recognised today." Thouros was abbreviated by θρ, Phosphoros by Φ, both in the handwriting of alchemists so somewhat different from the Greek symbols we know. These abbreviations were contracted into the modern symbols; the sex of a particular organism may be determined by a number of factors. These may be genetic or environmental, or may change during the course of an organism's life. Although most species with male and female sexes have individuals that are either male or female, hermaphroditic animals have both male and female reproductive organs.
The sex of most mammals, including humans, is genetically determined by the XY sex-determination system where males have X and Y sex chromosomes. During reproduction, the male contributes either an X sperm or a Y sperm, while the female always contributes an X egg. A Y sperm and an X egg produce a male, while an X egg produce a female; the ZW sex-determination system, where males have ZZ sex chromosomes, is found in birds and some insects and other organisms. Members of Hymenoptera, such as ants and bees, are determined by haplodiploidy, where most males are haploid and females and some sterile males are diploid; the young of some species develop into one sex or the other depending on local environmental conditions, e.g. many crocodilians' sex is influenced by the temperature of their eggs. Other species (suc
A gazelle is any of many antelope species in the genus Gazella. This article deals with the six species included in two further genera and Nanger, which were considered subgenera of Gazella. A third former subgenus, includes three living species of Asian gazelles. Gazelles are known as swift animals; some are able to run at a sustained speed of 50 km/h. Gazelles are found in the deserts and savannas of Africa, they tend to live in herds, eat less coarse digestible plants and leaves. Gazelles are small antelopes, most standing 60–110 cm high at the shoulder, are fawn-colored; the gazelle genera are Gazella and Nanger. The taxonomy of these genera is confused, the classification of species and subspecies has been an unsettled issue; the genus Gazella is considered to contain about 10 species. Four further species are extinct: the red gazelle, the Arabian gazelle, the Queen of Sheba's gazelle, the Saudi gazelle. Most surviving gazelle species are considered threatened to varying degrees. Related to the true gazelles are the Tibetan and Mongolian gazelles, the blackbuck of Asia, the African springbok.
One familiar gazelle is the African species Thomson's gazelle, around 60 to 80 cm in height at the shoulder and is coloured brown and white with a distinguishing black stripe. The males have long curved, horns. Like many other prey species and springboks exhibit a distinctive behaviour of stotting when they are threatened by predators, such as cheetahs, African wild dogs, crocodiles and leopards. Gazelle is derived from Arabic: غزال ġazāl, Maghrebi pronunciation ġazēl. To Europe it first came to Old Spanish and Old French, around 1600 the word entered the English language; the Arab people traditionally hunted the gazelle. Appreciated for its grace, it is a symbol most associated in Arabic and Persian literature with female beauty. In many countries in Northwestern Sub-Saharan Africa, the gazelle is referred to as “dangelo,” meaning “swift deer.” The origins of this word date back to somewhere in between 600 and 650 B. C. E. found in roots of the Indo-European language family. One of the traditional themes of Arabic love poetry involves comparing the gazelle with the beloved, linguists theorize ghazal, the word for love poetry in Arabic, is related to the word for gazelle.
It is related that the Caliph Abd al-Malik freed a gazelle that he had captured because of her resemblance to his beloved: O likeness of Layla, never fear! For I am your friend, today, O wild deer! I say, after freeing her from her fetters: You are free for the sake of Layla, for ever! The theme is found in the ancient Hebrew Song of Songs. Come away, my beloved, be like a gazelle or like a young stag on the spice-laden mountains; the gazelles are divided into numerous species. † = extinct Fossils of genus Gazella are found in Pliocene and Pleistocene deposits of Eurasia and Africa. The tiny Gazella borbonica is one of the earliest European gazelles, characterized by its small size and short legs. Gazelles disappeared from Europe at the start of the Ice Age, but they survived in Africa and Middle East. Genus Gazella Gazella borbonica - European gazelle Gazella thomasi - Thomas's gazelle Gazella harmonae - Pliocene of Ethiopia, unusual spiral horns Gazella praethomsoni Gazella negevensis Gazella triquetrucornis Gazella negevensis Gazella capricornis Subgenus Vetagazella Gazella sinensis Gazella deperdita Gazella pilgrimi - steppe gazelle Gazella leile - Leile's gazelle Gazella praegaudryi - Japanese gazelle Gazella gaudryi Gazella paotehensis Gazella dorcadoides Gazella altidens Gazella mongolica Gazella lydekkeri - Ice Age gazelle Gazella blacki Gazella parasinensis Gazella kueitensis Gazella paragutturosa Subgenus Gazella Gazella janenschi Subgenus Trachelocele Gazella atlantica Gazella tingitana Subgenus Deprezia Gazella psolea Genus Nanger Nanger vanhoepeni Quotations related to Gazelles at Wikiquote
Celal ile Ceren
Celal ile Ceren is a 2013 Turkish romantic comedy film directed by Togan Gökbakar and starring Şahan Gökbakar and Ezgi Mola. The film was released nationwide on 18 January 2013. Celal ile Ceren has been accused of sexism by Turkish film critics and recognized to be one of the worst films made, it is considered to be a mockbuster of the high-grossing Turkish comedy Recep İvedik. Movie creator and lead Şahan Gökbakar said that the production of the movie would have been impossible without the help of his friend Deniz Ünal. Though the two live thousands of miles away from each other, Gökbakar said that their Skype calls together helped him keep his cool, as producing the movie was, in his own words: "Very long and hard." The two remain best friends. Şahan Gökbakar as Celal Ezgi Mola as Ceren Gökcen Gökçebağ as Kubilay Dilşah Demir as Gözde Official website Celal ile Ceren on IMDb
Darwin Adelso Cerén Delgado is a Salvadoran professional footballer who plays as a midfielder, for the Major League Soccer club Houston Dynamo and is captain of the El Salvador national team. Darwin began his professional career with Juventud Independiente in 2009 along with his brother Oscar, he helped lift them from the second division to the first division. In total, he made 87 appearance for the club and scored 15 goals before departing in February 2014. In the summer of 2013, he went on trial with Balıkesirspor of the Turkish second division, but a deal was never worked out, it was announced on 6 February 2014 that Ceren had signed for Orlando City SC of the USL Pro for the 2014 USL Pro season and for 2015 as OCSC enter Major League Soccer, becoming the club's third addition to their MLS roster. Cerén went on to make 22 league appearances for the club, scoring two goals and assisting on three others, during the 2014 USL Pro season, Orlando City's last in the league before making the jump to Major League Soccer.
Cerén won the Commissioner's Cup with the club during his first season before Orlando's surprise defeat to the Harrisburg City Islanders in the first round of the playoffs which saw Orlando eliminated. Darwin Cerén was acquired by the San Jose Earthquakes on 3 August 2016 in exchange for midfielder Matías Pérez García and an international roster slot through the end of the 2016 MLS season. On 19 January 2018, Cerén was traded to Houston Dynamo in exchange for $100,000 in General Allocation Money and $75,000 in Targeted Allocation Money, he made his Dynamo debut on 3 March 2018 in a 4-0 win over Atlanta United, a game in which he scored his first goal since 2015. Cerén helped. Darwin Cerén made his debut for El Salvador in a friendly against New Zealand on 24 May 2012; the game ended in a 2–2 draw. He scored his first goal against Venezuela in a 2–1 loss. Cerén captained El Salvador in the 2017 CONCACAF Gold Cup through four matches and led the squad to a 2–0 defeat in the quarterfinals to the United States, in the process drawing heated criticism for biting US defender Omar Gonzalez in the back on a corner kick during the game.
He received a three-match international ban for this. In early 2015, Cerén received his U. S. green card. Cerén is married to Delia, has three children; as of matches played 1 November 2018 As of matches played 1 December 2017. As of 15 July 2015 Orlando City Commissioner's Cup: 2014 Houston Dynamo US Open Cup: 2018 Orlando City Latino Del Año MLS: 2015 Darwin Cerén at Soccerway
Joya de Cerén
Joya de Cerén is an archaeological site in La Libertad Department, El Salvador, featuring a pre-Columbian Maya farming village. The ancient Maya site of Joya de Cerén is located in the Zapotitán Valley 36,000 meters northwest of San Salvador, El Salvador, it is referred to as the "Pompeii of the Americas", in comparison to the famed Ancient Roman ruins. This site is known for the excellent preservation of a Classic period settlement, buried by the ashfall of an eruption of the Loma Caldera around A. D. 600. The relative abundance of paleoethnobotanical remains recovered at Joya de Cerén in comparison to other ancient Maya archaeological sites make Joya de Cerén significant in the study of everyday life of ancient Maya agricultural communities. Of importance was the discovery of a manioc field, the first instance of manioc cultivation identified at a New World archaeological site; the site was thought to have been settled between A. D. 200 and A. D. 600. Joya de Cerén was entered on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1993 and is a major tourist attraction in El Salvador.
1,400 years before the village was abandoned, the population was estimated to be 200 people. The eruption of the Loma Caldera volcano caused 10 meters of pyroclastic debris to settle over the site; the site was remarkably well preserved due to the low temperature of ash and fast ashfall, a 4 - 8 meter thick layer having blanketed the town in the space of a few hours. The use of plaster casting by archaeologists similar to the one used in Pompeii assisted in their identification of fruiting plants, abundance of beans in storage, mature maize to predict the eruption happened in August or September. Guava, agave and manioc were some of the major crops to the community. Based on crack patterns observed from the earthquake-resistant wattle-and-daub walls and adobe columns at Joya de Cerén, scholars suggest that an earthquake measuring 4.0 on the Richter scale preceded the eruption, giving residents time to flee the site. Further, possible steamy emissions from the volcano may have alerted residents of the impending danger, but only inferences can be made about what warned them.
It is unclear to scholars if the duration of the eruptions lasted a few weeks. The position of artifacts at the site have led scholars to suggest that the evacuation of Joya de Cerén happened in the early evening: shovels and other agricultural work equipment were found stored near the domestic structures, fires had been lit in hearths. Sleeping mats had not yet been rolled out on the domicile floor. No human remains have been discovered at the ancient Maya site. Joya de Cerén can be divided into a northeastern area, a southeastern area, northwestern area; the northwestern area holds Household 1 alongside Structure 1, 5-6, 10-12, 17 containing milpas and a kitchen garden. The southeastern area holds Household 2 alongside Structure 2, 7, 9, 13, 18 containing a temascal, milpas and a basurero; the northwestern area holds Household 3-4 alongside Structure 3-4, 8, 14-16 containing milpas, fruit trees, another basurero. 18 structures have been identified in archaeological survey. Of these, ten have been excavated by archaeologists.
Scholars distinguish ceremonial buildings from non-ceremonial buildings with the following considerations: orientation of building, platform heights, floor plans, construction technique, caches, etc. Structure 10 is a multi-roomed structure with many corridors. Archaeologists interpret Structure 10 as being used for community festivals in the Classic Maya period, based on features associated with ceremonial activities. Inside Structure 10 was a north corridor for food preparation, while the east corridor stored several vessels. For instance, decorated vessels and a red painted deer and twine headdress was recovered in Structure 10, interpreted by archaeologists as connected with fertility and harvest rituals. Vessels filled with achiote seeds, found in associated with ceremonial objects suggest that the eruption may have interrupted a ceremony. Additionally, archaeologists propose that a north corridor for used for food preparation, while the east corridor may have been used for storage. Structure 12 is located 5 meters away from Structure 10 and was defined by a doorway and two lattice windows that directed and restricted traffic inside the structure.
To Structure 10, archaeologists believe Structure 12 was associated with the performance of religious activities. The storage of miscellaneous female-associated artifacts discovered in the niche of an earthen bench may have been a part of a woman’s supernatural tool kit; the tool kit of ceramic figurines, shell fragments and antlers has led scholars to infer the building was for the diviner to hold divinatory activities in the back rooms and through a window of the west room. Structure 1 is known as Household 1 in archaeological literature, has been excavated. Archaeologists propose a service relationship between 1 and Structure 10 and Structure 12 because the kitchen of 1 was used for masa production with their supply of metates for ceremonies inside Structures 10 and 12; the difference in hearths based on amount of wear was an indicator to scholars to identify if the building was for ritualistic activities or not. The combination of phosphorus detection and heavy metal extraction within the site have allowed archaeologists to discover that each household stored about 70 vessels for cooking, plus serving food and drinks conducted in kitchen and midden areas in comparison to other areas.
The community of Cerén locally produced agave fibers and metates, pottery vessels, while acquiring imports such as cutting tools made from o