Cernavodă culture

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Cernavodă culture
Geographical rangeRomania, Serbia, Bulgaria
PeriodChalcolithic Europe
Datesc. 4000 BC – 3200 BC
Preceded byKaranovo culture
Followed byCoțofeni culture, Baden culture

The Cernavodă culture, ca. 40003200 BC, was a late Copper Age archaeological culture. It was along the lower Eastern Bug River and Danube and along the coast of the Black Sea and somewhat inland, generally in present-day Romania and Bulgaria, it is named after the Romanian town of Cernavodă.

It is a successor to and occupies much the same area as the earlier neolithic Karanovo culture, for which a destruction horizon seems to be evident, it is part of the "Balkan-Danubian complex" that stretches up the entire length of the river and into northern Germany via the Elbe and the Baden culture; its northeastern portion is thought to be ancestral to the Usatovo culture.

It is characterized by defensive hilltop settlements; the pottery shares traits with that found further east, in the Sredny Stog culture on the south-west Eurasian steppe;[citation needed] burials similarly bear a resemblance to those further east.

Together with Sredny Stog culture its spread from east resulted in development of the Anatolian language complex.[1]

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