Cruz Azul is a Mexican football club that plays in the top division of Mexican football, Liga MX. From Hidalgo in the town of Jasso, south of Tula de Allende, the club moved to Mexico City in 1971. Estadio Azteca, the nation's largest sports venue, served as their home venue until 1996, when they moved to the Estadio Azul. After 22 years, the team returned to the Azteca at the conclusion of the 2017-18 Liga MX season, its headquarters are in a suburb within Xochimilco in the southern part of Mexico City. Cruz Azul has been the Primera División champion eight times, trailing Toluca's 10, C. D. Guadalajara's 12 and Club América's 13. Cruz Azul's six titles makes it the second most successful club in the history of the CONCACAF Champions League, the most prestigious international club competition in North American football, trailing Mexico City rivals, Club America. Cruz Azul was the first CONCACAF team to reach the final of the Copa Libertadores, the most prestigious club competition in South American football, losing on penalties to Argentine football giants Boca Juniors in 2001.
In the 1968–69 season, Cruz Azul became the first CONCACAF club to complete a rare Continental Treble, winning the Mexican Primera División championship, the Copa México national tournament, the CONCACAF Champions League. The International Federation of Football History & Statistics, in its Club World Ranking for year ending December 31, 2014, places Cruz Azul as the 99th best club in the world and the 3rd best club in CONCACAF. According to several polls published, Cruz Azul is the third most popular team in Mexico, behind only C. D. Guadalajara and Club América. Cruz Azul was founded under the name of Club Deportivo Cruz Azul as an amateur team on 22 March 1927; the founders were the workers of cement maker Cemento Cruz Azul. Cemento Cruz Azul was the only official sponsor until 1997, remains a primary sponsor through present day. Guillermo Álvarez Marcia and Carlos Garcés were the main force behind the effort to organize the club, the quick success of the team led to representing the state of Hidalgo in national amateur tournaments.
From 1927 to 1960, the amateur team played many times in Mexico City against the reserve squads of established professional teams such as América, Atlante F. C. Asturias F. C. and Club Deportivo Marte. Cemento Cruz Azul changed its name to "Cooperativa Cruz Azul", in 1960 the consistent success of the team caused the new administration of the cement company to build the Estadio 10 de Diciembre in Jasso; the team entered professional competition in the Segunda División de México for the 1960–61 season. Hungarian coach Jorge Marik guided the team to the Segunda División championship for the 1963–64 season, elevating them to the Primera División the following season; that season ended with an eighth-place finish. Four years Cruz Azul won its first Primera División league tournament, under coach Raúl Cárdenas. Between 1970–1980, Cruz Azul led the Primera División with six league tournament championships; this powerful version of the team earned the nickname La Máquina Celeste, which continues as one of the unofficial nicknames of the team.
The team earned its eighth and most recent championship in 1997 under coach Luis Fernando Tena, beating León 2–1 on a last minute penalty kick scored by Carlos Hermosillo. This is still the quickest that a Primera División club has won eight championships, achieving the feat within 33 years of entering the Primera División. In 2001, Cruz Azul was invited to a tournament between select Mexican and Venezuelan teams that would compete in the Copa Libertadores, a tournament of the best South American teams; the two best teams of this qualifying tournament earned immediate placement on the roster. Cruz Azul reached the 2001 Copa Libertadores final match. Cruz Azul started the tournament in Group 7 along with teams such as Sao Caetano, Defensor Sporting, Olmedo. Cruz Azul finished as leader of the group with 13 points. In the round of 16 Cruz Azul faced Cerro Porteño; the first leg was played in Asunción and Cruz Azul lost 2–1. The second leg was played in Mexico and Cruz Azul won the game 3–1; the aggregate score was 4–3 in favor of Cruz Azul and they moved on to the quarterfinals.
In the quarterfinals Cruz Azul faced CA River Plate of Argentina. The first leg of the match was played in Buenos Aires and ended in a 0–0 draw; the second leg was played in Mexico and Cruz Azul won 3–0. Cruz Azul played Rosario Central in the semifinals; the first leg was played in Mexico and Cruz Azul won the game 2–0. The second leg was played in Rosario in a exciting match which ended in a 3–3 draw in favor of Cruz Azul due to the 2–0 victory in the first leg. Cruz Azul in the final match played against the Argentinian club Boca Juniors, Cruz Azul lost at home the first leg 1–0, but came back to win the second leg with the same score, at Boca's La Bombonera stadium with Paco Palencia scoring the goal; until no team had won a Copa Libertadores final match there. After the overtime due to the tie, the championship was decided by penalty kicks, where the more experienced Boca Juniors prevailed. Still, Cruz Azul surprised everybody with the unprecedented feat of reaching the final and defeating established Argentinian teams such as Rosario Central and CA River Plate.
In the 2006 Apertura, the team started off great but in the middle of the seas
Europe is a continent located in the Northern Hemisphere and in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the south, it comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia. Since around 1850, Europe is most considered to be separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term "continent" implies physical geography, the land border is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several times since its first conception in classical antiquity; the division of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural and ethnic differences which vary on a spectrum rather than with a sharp dividing line. The geographic border does not follow political boundaries, with Turkey and Kazakhstan being transcontinental countries. A strict application of the Caucasus Mountains boundary places two comparatively small countries and Georgia, in both continents.
Europe covers 2 % of the Earth's surface. Politically, Europe is divided into about fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of about 741 million as of 2016; the European climate is affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. Further from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast. Europe, in particular ancient Greece, was the birthplace of Western civilization; the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration Period marked the end of ancient history and the beginning of the Middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration and science led to the modern era. Since the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. Between the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various times the Americas all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in Great Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to radical economic and social change in Western Europe and the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most part in Europe, contributing to a decline in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet Union and the United States took prominence. During the Cold War, Europe was divided along the Iron Curtain between NATO in the West and the Warsaw Pact in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall. In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, following a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, with the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals, it includes all European states except for Belarus and Vatican City. Further European integration by some states led to the formation of the European Union, a separate political entity that lies between a confederation and a federation.
The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most used among Europeans. In classical Greek mythology, Europa was a Phoenician princess; the word Europe is derived from her name. The name contains the elements εὐρύς, "wide, broad" and ὤψ "eye, countenance", hence their composite Eurṓpē would mean "wide-gazing" or "broad of aspect". Broad has been an epithet of Earth herself in the reconstructed Proto-Indo-European religion and the poetry devoted to it. There have been attempts to connect Eurṓpē to a Semitic term for "west", this being either Akkadian erebu meaning "to go down, set" or Phoenician'ereb "evening, west", at the origin of Arabic Maghreb and Hebrew ma'arav. Michael A. Barry, professor in Princeton University's Near Eastern Studies Department, finds the mention of the word Ereb on an Assyrian stele with the meaning of "night, sunset", in opposition to Asu " sunrise", i.e. Asia.
The same naming motive according to "cartographic convention" appears in Greek Ἀνατολή. Martin Litchfield West stated that "phonologically, the match between Europa's name and any form of the Semitic word is poor." Next to these hypotheses there is a Proto-Indo-European root *h1regʷos, meaning "darkness", which produced Greek Erebus. Most major world languages use words derived from Europa to refer to the continent. Chinese, for example, uses the word Ōuzhōu. In some Turkic languages the Persian name Frangistan is used casually in referring to much of Europe, besides official names such as Avrupa or Evropa; the prevalent definition of Europe as a geographical term has been in use since the mid-19th century. Europe is taken to be bounded by large bodies of water
Mexico national football team
The Mexico national football team represents Mexico in international football and is governed by the Mexican Football Federation. It competes as a member of CONCACAF, which encompasses the countries of North and Central America, the Caribbean; the team plays its home games at the Estadio Azteca. Mexico has qualified to sixteen World Cups and has qualified consecutively since 1994, making it one of six countries to do so; the Mexico national team, along with Brazil are the only two nations to make it out of the group stage over the last seven World Cups. Mexico played France in the first match of the first World Cup on 13 July 1930. Mexico's best progression in World Cups has been reaching the quarter-finals in both the 1970 and 1986 World Cups, both of which were staged on Mexican soil. Mexico is the most successful national team in the CONCACAF region, having won ten confederation titles, including seven CONCACAF Gold Cups and three CONCACAF Championships, as well as three NAFC Championships, one North American Nations Cup, one CONCACAF Cup.
It is one of eight nations to have won two of the three most important football tournaments, having won the 1999 FIFA Confederations Cup and the 2012 Summer Olympics. Mexico is the only team from CONCACAF to have won an official FIFA competition, winning the 1999 FIFA Confederations Cup. Although Mexico is under the jurisdiction of CONCACAF, the national team has been invited to compete in the Copa América since 1993, finishing runner-up twice – in 1993 and 2001 – and obtaining the third-place medal on three occasions. Football in Mexico was first organized in the early 20th century by European immigrant groups, notably miners from Cornwall, in years Spanish exiles fleeing the Spanish Civil War. Mexico's first match was played against Guatemala, which Mexico won 3–2. A series of international friendlies were played against the national representation of Guatemala on 9, 12 and 16 December 1923; the match on 9 December was played in Parque España which Mexico won 2–1. On 12 December, the match ended in a 2–0 win for Mexico, the final game of the series ended in a 3–3 draw.
The manager for this team was Rafael Garza Gutiérrez. It would be another four years before the national team would be represented in international friendlies. On 19 June 1927, Mexico faced Spain, drawing 3–3. During this series, the squad played against the Uruguayan club Nacional de Montevideo, losing 1–3. In 1927, the official governing body of football in Mexico was founded; the 1928 Summer Olympics was Mexico's first international tournament, where Mexico lost to Spain 1–7 in the round of 16. Mexico participated in the 1930 FIFA World Cup in Uruguay, grouped with Argentina and France. Mexico's first match was a 4–1 loss to France, with Mexico's first World Cup goal by Juan Carreño. In their second match, Mexico fell to Chile 3–0. Mexico's third match, against Argentina, featured the first penalty of the tournament, scored by Mexico's Manuel Rosas. Mexico did not appear again in a FIFA World Cup tournament until the 1950 World Cup. Before 1970, Mexico struggled to make much of an impact in the World Cup.
It was by far the strongest team in the North American Football Confederation and its successor, CONCACAF, but found it difficult to compete against European and South American teams. However, goalkeeper Antonio Carbajal has the distinction of being the first player to appear in five consecutive World Cups. In 1965, Mexico won the 1965 CONCACAF Championship to become continental champions for the first time. In 1970, Mexico hosted the World Cup and kicked off their campaign with a scoreless draw against the Soviet Union; this was followed by a 4–0 win over El Salvador. Mexico advanced to the next round with a victory against Belgium. At the quarter-finals stage, Mexico was eliminated by Italy, losing 4–1. Mexico did make it into the 1978 finals. Mexico suffered an early exit after three defeats: 0–6 against West Germany, 1–3 against Tunisia, 1–3 to Poland. Mexico failed to qualify for the 1982 World Cup. In 1986, Mexico again hosted the World Cup. Coached by Bora Milutinović, Mexico was placed in Group B where they defeated Belgium 2–1, drew 1–1 with Paraguay, defeated Iraq 1–0.
With this performance, Mexico won the top spot in its group, advanced to the next round where they defeated Bulgaria 2–0. In the quarter-finals stage, Mexico lost to West Germany 1–4 in a penalty shootout after the match finished 0–0. Mexico was disqualified from the 1990 FIFA World Cup after using players over the age limit in the qualifying round for the 1989 FIFA World Youth Championship, known as the "Cachirules" scandal; the punishment was applied to all Mexico national representatives of all FIFA-sanctioned tournaments. In the 1990s, after hiring coach César Luis Menotti, Mexican football began experiencing greater international success. In the 1993 Copa América they finished second. At the 1994 FIFA World Cup, Mexico won its group on tiebreakers, emerging from a group composed of Italy and Norway. However, Mexico lost in the second round to Bulgaria on penalty kicks. At the 1998 FIFA World Cup, Mexico was placed in a group with the Netherlands, South Korea and Belgium. Mexico won their opening fixture 3–1 against South Korea.
Mexico tied Belgium 2–2, against the Netherlands earned another 2–2 draw, qualifying for the round of 16. In that round, Mexico lost 2–1 to Germany. In 1999, Mexico won its first official FIFA tournament by becoming the first host nation to win the FIFA Confederations Cup. Mexico defe
Club de Fútbol Lobos de la Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla is a Mexican football club based in Puebla, Mexico. The club represents the Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla; the club's history goes back to the early 1930s when the club was known as Preparatoria, formed by players that attended the university. The club has played off since then, it was not until the 1990s. It has been playing in the lower level Mexican football divisions. In 2003 the club was awarded a spot in the Primera A, a league where the club played until earning promotion in 2017 to the Liga MX Primera División; the club makes its home in the Estadio Universitario BUAP. The club's history dates back to 1930 when the club was known as Preparatoria, composed of players that attended the university, it was not until 1966 when the Mexican Football Federation allowed the club to join the third division. By 1969, Rafael Moreno Valle owned the team, he went on to leave the club and become one of the owners of Puebla FC, the other major local team in the city.
Management of the club was taken over by the university's Department of Physical Studies of Puebla. The club failed to be sustained economically and folded in 1971; the final match was placed in the Copa México, on August 22, 1971. In the mid-1990s, during the term of José Doger Corte as rector, Eduardo Rivera Hernández and Paul Moreno pitched the idea of buying a franchise in the Segunda División de México for the university; the brothers Adolfo and Pedro Ayala joined the board of directors, with Ayala as the club's executive president. It was made clear; the club played its first game in the Estadio Ignacio Zaragoza and was managed by a former Puebla FC player Gustavo Moscoso. Lobos was the first Second Division club to air its games on broadcast television, with Televisa Puebla airing twelve games. T. V on Televisa Puebla; the Mexican federation congratulated the owners board for setting a good example on how a club should be run by doing so inspired other Second Division clubs to do the same.
In its first season, the club performed poorly, but the next year, Lobos battled for a spot in the playoffs against the Águilas of the Universidad Popular Autónoma del Estado de Puebla, a private university in Puebla. The club would fold three years due to the club's poor performance; the main economic support at the time came from a group of Engineers who decided to leave the club, leaving the university without a soccer team for two months. A new rector and a new business leader, Alberto Ventosa Coghlan revived the franchise. Coghlan secured an agreement with first division club Necaxa to have Lobos as a Second Division affiliate. Mario Marin, the new mayor of Puebla City helped the club as did Leopoldo García, former director of Televisa Puebla, who would be named executive president. Despite a season in which two players, Carlos Muñoz and Emmanuel Sacramento, tied for the league lead in goals with 15, good players including Gerardo Espinoza and Luis Gabriel Rey, who would go on and win various championships with Atlante F.
C. the new club failed to catch on, after two seasons of poor play, Grupo Pegaso moved the team to Oaxaca. In 2002 Enrique Doger Guerrero, acting rector, of the university, revived the club under the name Lobos de la B. U. A. P. Managed by Evanivaldo Castro, a former Brazilian player who had played in the first division in the 1970s – 1990s, the club was admitted into the Second Division. After failing to reach the playoffs in their first season, Evanivaldo Castro was replaced by Victor Valdemar Marine for the following tournament; the team improved immensely under Marine, reaching the playoffs before being eliminated in the quarterfinals by Delfines de Coatzacoalcos. That season saw the team move into their new home, Benito Juárez García Field, in the San Baltazar Campeche borough of Puebla. Along with a new home, the team got increased exposure after agreeing to a deal with national cable company Megacable to have all home games broadcast locally. In 2003 the club had a great year, winning all of its home games, finishing first in the south zone and qualifying to the playoffs, where they defeated Interplaya de Ciudad del Carmen and Jaguares de Villaflores.
The club played the semifinal in the Estadio Cuauhtémoc against Club Deportivo Autlán who they beat. The club would go on to win that tournament, it lost to Pachuca B in the promotion playoff game, but the team was still promoted: that same year, Salamanca was not able to pay its players and folded, which left a spot open, awarded to the runner-up Lobos. In the 2009 Liga de Ascenso Apertura the club had one of its most successful campaigns to date, finishing runner up in the league with a record of 8–4–4 for a total of 28 points, just 4 less than Irapuato FC. In the quarterfinals the club played against Potros Neza. In the semifinals, Lobos fell to relegated Necaxa 2–0 on aggregate, with both Necaxa goals being scored in the Estadio Victoria in Aguascalientes. In the 2010 Liga de Ascenso Bicentenario, the club just managed to qualify to the playoffs after finishing seventh in the league with a record of 7–3–6 for a total of 24 points. In the quarterfinals the club played Necaxa again. Despite a scoreless tie in the Estadio Cuauhtémoc, Necaxa won in the match in Aguascalientes on their way to another title.
Necaxa would go to win the title again and would automaticall
Club Puebla is a Mexican professional football club based in the city of Puebla, competing in the Liga MX. The team's white home jersey features its iconic blue sash, which crosses the chest diagonally from the right shoulder to the waist. Since 1904 the city of Puebla has practiced football. First in 1904 with club Puebla AC founded by Englishmen who integrated into the Mexican football league during the amateur era. In 1944 and 1949, Puebla FC gained second and three fourth-place finishes in league play. During the 1953–54 season, they managed their second Copa México title. Puebla took home their first league title in the 1982–83 season after defeating Guadalajara on penalty kicks. A third Copa México was accomplished after the 1987–88 season, in the 1989–90 season they won both their fourth Copa México and their second league title after beating Universidad de Guadalajara; this feat earned the team the right to be counted among the exclusive "Campeónísimo" club. In 1991, they defeated Police from Tobago for their first CONCACAF championship.
The team was relegated to Primera A at the end of the Clausura 2005. The team won the Apertura 2006 tournament in an exciting match against Salamanca. On May 26, 2007, Puebla won back the right to play in Mexico's premier league by defeating Dorados de Sinaloa in a packed Cuauhtémoc Stadium with more than 45,000 fans. Celebrations all around the city of Puebla ensued, reminding of the celebrations in 1983 and 1990 when the team won the league championship. Puebla eluded relegation again in the Clausura 2009, but the team went much further in the tournament than anybody anticipated. Puebla has competed since 1904, when an English Athletic club Puebla AC joined the Liga Mexicana de Football Amateur Association; the club was founded two years after the first known league was established in Mexico, Puebla along with Reforma AC, Albinegros de Orizaba, Mexico Cricket Club and British Club were the first teams to play any sort of organized football competition in Mexico. In their first tournament in 1904, the club lost all games and did not score a goal in the 8 games played.
In 1905, the club struggled and managed to score its first and only goal in that tournament, finishing last with no wins, 1 draw and 7 losses, 20 goals against. For the 1906–1907 season, the club finished third, with 3 wins, 3 losses and 2 draws, for a total of 9 points with 8 goals scored and 6 against. After this season, the club folded, the league dropped to 4 clubs; the club would not see action for 8 years, until 1915 when the First Puebla F. C who became España de Puebla, that club was founded by the Spaniards living in Puebla. Due to the lack of opponents, having only one with neighboring town San Martín Texmelucan, the club would be forced to go Orizaba, Veracruz to find competition, they participated for a few years in the old Liga Veracruzana de Futbol. In 1928 Club Asturias de Puebla was founded by the Spanish from the Asturias in Spain; these two clubs would merge in the early 1940s and would become the foundation of what would become Club Puebla. It all came to be on March 28, 1944, when Puebla was admitted to the Mexican Primera División, their home ground was Parque El Mirador—the first owners, Joaquín Díaz Loredo and Alfonso Sobero were important textile owners in the 1940s.
The first official match took place on Sunday May 7, 1944, at 4 p.m. in Veracruz in the Copa México tournament. Veracruz gave Puebla their first lost in the professional era beating them 5–1. Puebla's first goal was scored by Lupe Velázquez in the 68th minute. Two weeks at El Mirador the team played a friendly match against Atlante, losing 4–1. On July 4, 1944, Puebla obtained its first victory in El Mirador against Veracruz with a score of 3–4. On August 20, 1944, Puebla played its first professional league match against Atlas, beating them 5–2; the Argentinian forward scored Eladio Vaschetto Puebla's first goal in the professional league era. The first lost in the league was to Real Club España. In 24 games played in the 1944–45 league Puebla obtained 14 wins, 2 draws and 8 losses with 53 goals in favor and 30 against; that year Puebla was the league runner-up to Real Club España, but saved the season by winning the Copa México against América in a memorable match winning it 5–3. Ricardo Alvarez was the lead scorer, scoring 4 goals.
In 1944 Puebla finished runner-up in the league championship and many thought they had been better than the actual champions España. With a good league tournament played they played the 1944 Copa México in which they showed why they finished second in the league by crowning themselves champions that year; the tournament started. Arturo Chávez ended as the tournaments lead scorer with 15 goals. In the quarter-finals stage, Puebla faced Atlas, a club that did not put up much of a fight and ended up losing 4–0. Arturo Chávez scored the 4 goals in that series. At semi-finals Puebla faced one of the best clubs in Deportivo Oro. However, Puebla defeated Oro 3 -- 1 to advance to their first final ever. At the final game on June 25, 1945, Puebla faced one of the most important clubs in Mexico América. Puebla came out in the first minute with the intention of winning the cup. They
Enrique Meza Enríquez is the current manager for Puebla. Prior to pursuing a career in coaching, he was a goalkeeper for Cruz Azul during their dynasty of the 1970s, albeit a backup to legendary goalkeeper Miguel Marín, he retired in 1976 and is one of the most successful managers of the professional era of the Liga MX. Notably, Meza has been the coach of several professional soccer teams in the Mexico premier league and the Mexico national football team#Selección de fútbol de México, his career has been filled with impressive disappointments. Meza started his coaching career in the first division Mexico league by coaching Cruz Azul from 1982 to 1983 and from 1992 to 1995, he lost. The next year he switched to coach Monarcas Morelia. Crucially, it was not until 1996 that his coaching started showing its capturing potential, his new team, Toros Neza, had a distinct style of football offensive play, resulting in their scoring numerous goals. During 1996, his Toros Neza team made it to the final, but lost to Chivas de Guadalajara by a high score.
Soon after losing the final, he announced. His coaching proved to be successful and spectacular. Meza was what Toluca needed, the club became champion on three occasions: Verano 1998, Verano 1999 and Verano 2000, in just two years. In 2000 Meza left Club Toluca to coach the Mexico national team; the performance of the team was below expectations, he resigned after only few months of accepting the appointment. In 2006 Meza took the coaching position at Pachuca Football Club. After a bad start, Meza transformed the team, leading Pachuca Football Club to its first Copa Sudamericana championship; this made C. F. Pachuca the first time Mexico won a CONMEBOL title. In 2007 Meza took C. F. Pachuca to their second CONCACAF: Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football title, which entitled the team to participate in the World Club Cup, lead C. F. Pachuca to its fifth league title. On 29 August 2007, his team won its first Superliga title, after defeating the Los Angeles Galaxy at the Home Depot Center.
In April, 2008, Pachuca reclaimed the CONCACAF Champions Cup and secured a berth for the Japanese hosted 2008 FIFA Club World Cup held in December 2008. Pachuca finished fourth after winning 1 match with 2 losses. Meza managed Pachuca to a second final in Clausura 2009, but he lost his second final against Ricardo Ferretti of Pumas UNAM by aggregate score 2-3. On June 1, 2009 Meza finished his contract with Pachuca. Meza's results have made him one of the greatest coaches in the Mexico League, making him the fourth most successful coach in the league's history. Cruz Azul's president, Guillermo Alvarez, Confirmed that Enrique Meza and Cruz Azul had reached an agreement - for what would be his fourth time as coach of Cruz Azul five years later. Enrique Meza returned to Cruz Azul with a new challenge and determination of giving Cruz Azul a title. Since the 1997 Mexico League Winter Tournament Cruz Azul have not won a title. On July 28, 2010 he was selected as interim coach of the Mexico national team, after Javier Aguirre left the position.
He gained new, endearing wide appeal for his only game as interim coach on 11 August 2010 at Mexico's hallowed home of football - Azteca Stadium - because he tactically got a 1-1 draw against the 2008 UEFA European Football Championship and 2010 FIFA World Cup winners Spain. With the Mexico Clausura - closing - first half of the year football league ending in May 2012, Meza finished his term as head coach and technical director of Cruz Azul on Tuesday 15 May 2012, and on Friday 18 May 2012, Toluca Football Club hired Enrique Meza as their new coach and technical director for the 2012 Apertura - opening - second half of the year Mexico League. Subsequently, Meza led Toluca to come first in the 2012 Liga MX by points, but lost out to Tijuana in the final championship match of the playoffs involving the premier 8 ranked teams of the League. On Tuesday 3 September 2013, in a strategic move, the management of Pachuca Football Club held a press conference and announced that Meza was coming in as new technical director and manager of the distinguished Hidalgo club.
Meza took over from Gabriel Caballero who served as coach of Pachuca Football Club from November 2012 to 2 September 2013. Meza was brought in on October 2017 to try and turn around a Puebla FC team that had hit rock bottom of the relegation table. By March 2018, Meza had received praise by the media in regards to his ability to turn around a modest roster into a playoff team. Meza is popularly called "Ojitos" because of his sharp eyes, his son Enrique Maximiliano Meza is a football manager. As of 19 September 2016 League Championships: Verano 1998 Toluca Football Club Verano 1999 Toluca Football Club Verano 2000 Toluca Football Club Clausura 2007 Pachuca Football Club CONCACAF Team of the Year: 2007: Pachuca Football Club CONCACAF Champions' Cup: 2007 Pachuca Football Club 2008 Pachuca Football Club FIFA Club World Cup: Fourth Place: 2008 Pachuca Football Club Copa Sudamericana: 2006 Pachuca Football Club FIFA on Enrique Meza
Mexico the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States. Covering 2,000,000 square kilometres, the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the eleventh most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity, the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Puebla, Tijuana and León. Pre-Columbian Mexico dates to about 8000 BC and is identified as one of five cradles of civilization and was home to many advanced Mesoamerican civilizations such as the Olmec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec and Aztec before first contact with Europeans. In 1521, the Spanish Empire conquered and colonized the territory from its politically powerful base in Mexico-Tenochtitlan, administered as the viceroyalty of New Spain.
Three centuries the territory became a nation state following its recognition in 1821 after the Mexican War of Independence. The post-independence period was tumultuous, characterized by economic inequality and many contrasting political changes; the Mexican–American War led to a territorial cession of the extant northern territories to the United States. The Pastry War, the Franco-Mexican War, a civil war, two empires, the Porfiriato occurred in the 19th century; the Porfiriato was ended by the start of the Mexican Revolution in 1910, which culminated with the promulgation of the 1917 Constitution and the emergence of the country's current political system as a federal, democratic republic. Mexico has the 11th largest by purchasing power parity; the Mexican economy is linked to those of its 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement partners the United States. In 1994, Mexico became the first Latin American member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, it is classified as an upper-middle income country by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country by several analysts.
The country is considered both a regional power and a middle power, is identified as an emerging global power. Due to its rich culture and history, Mexico ranks first in the Americas and seventh in the world for number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Mexico is an ecologically megadiverse country, ranking fourth in the world for its biodiversity. Mexico receives a huge number of tourists every year: in 2018, it was the sixth most-visited country in the world, with 39 million international arrivals. Mexico is a member of the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the G8+5, the G20, the Uniting for Consensus group of the UN, the Pacific Alliance trade bloc. Mēxihco is the Nahuatl term for the heartland of the Aztec Empire, namely the Valley of Mexico and surrounding territories, with its people being known as the Mexica, it is believed to be a toponym for the valley which became the primary ethnonym for the Aztec Triple Alliance as a result, although it could have been the other way around.
In the colonial era, back when Mexico was called New Spain this territory became the Intendency of Mexico and after New Spain achieved independence from the Spanish Empire it came to be known as the State of Mexico with the new country being named after its capital: the City of Mexico, which itself was founded in 1524 on top of the ancient Mexica capital of Mexico-Tenochtitlan. Traditionally, the name Tenochtitlan was thought to come from Nahuatl tetl and nōchtli and is thought to mean "Among the prickly pears rocks". However, one attestation in the late 16th-century manuscript known as "the Bancroft dialogues" suggests the second vowel was short, so that the true etymology remains uncertain; the suffix -co is the Nahuatl locative, making the word a place name. Beyond that, the etymology is uncertain, it has been suggested that it is derived from Mextli or Mēxihtli, a secret name for the god of war and patron of the Mexica, Huitzilopochtli, in which case Mēxihco means "place where Huitzilopochtli lives".
Another hypothesis suggests that Mēxihco derives from a portmanteau of the Nahuatl words for "moon" and navel. This meaning might refer to Tenochtitlan's position in the middle of Lake Texcoco; the system of interconnected lakes, of which Texcoco formed the center, had the form of a rabbit, which the Mesoamericans pareidolically associated with the moon rabbit. Still another hypothesis suggests that the word is derived from Mēctli, the name of the goddess of maguey; the name of the city-state was transliterated to Spanish as México with the phonetic value of the letter x in Medieval Spanish, which represented the voiceless postalveolar fricative. This sound, as well as the voiced postalveolar fricative, represented by a j, evolved into a voiceless velar fricative during the 16th century; this led to the use of the variant Méjico in many publications in Spanish, most notably in Spain, whereas in Mexico and most other Spanish–speaking countries, México was the preferred spelling. In recent years, the Real Academia Española, which regulates the Spanish l