Nicolas Chaperon was a French painter and engraver, a student in Paris of Simon Vouet whose style he adopted before he was further matured by his stay in Rome in the studio of Nicolas Poussin. In 1653-55 the consuls de Lyon called him to decorate the hôtel de ville but Chaperon dying as soon as he arrived, the commission passed to Thomas Blanchet. Chaperon made a name for himself with his suite of engravings after the Raphael Loggie of the Vatican, Rome, 1649, but art historians remember him for the stream of fulminating invective with which Poussin in his correspondence with Paul Fréart de Chantelou described this unruly and vindictive practician who refused to carry through his copy of a Transfiguration. So little is known of Chaperon. Most of his paintings have been optimistically attributed to Poussin, disguised under that sellable name have entered collections in the US. Jacques Thuillier’s publication of Chaperon's signed and dated Compiègne altarpiece, a Presentation of the Virgin, began the reassessment of this Poussiniste.
All works are in oil on canvas. The Vow of Midas, Basel, 1,00 x 1,36; the Nurture of Jupiter, Ackland Museum, Chapel Hill, NC, 0,99 x 1,36. Presentation of the Virgin, Chapelle Saint-Nicolas, Compiègne. An oil sketch is at the Museum of Houston; the Alliance of Bacchus and Venus, Dallas Museum of Art, 0,76 x 0,98. The painting was identified on the basis of a signed engraving of it. Bacchanale, Musée Magnin, Dijon. Drunken Silenus, Uffizi, 1,15 x 0,84. Holy Family with SS Elizabeth and the infant John the Baptist Gosford House, East Lothian,Scotland 1,46 x 1,20.. A preparatory drawing at the Musée du Louvre. Penitent Magdalene, *Musée des Beaux-Arts, Nancy, 0.75 x 0.61, Purchased 2006. Moses and the Bronze Serpent, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Nîmes, 1,225 x 1, 715. Purchased 1998. Venus and Cupid, Musée du Louvre, 1,10 x 1,34 Purchased 2005. Childhood of Bacchus, Musée Sainte-Croix, Poitiers. Presentation of the Virgin, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Rennes, 0,635 x 0,480; the Deluge, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Rouen, 0,998 x 1,385.
Bacchus and Ariadne collection François Heim. Drawings by Nicolas Chaperon are in the collections of Besançon, Musée des Beaux-Arts et d'Archéologie. Du graveur au peintre retrouvé, Nîmes Musées / Actes Sud, 1999. ISBN 2-7427-2460-5 Media related to Nicolas Chaperon at Wikimedia Commons
Edmond Modeste Lescarbault
Edmond Modeste Lescarbault, was a French doctor and an amateur astronomer, best remembered for his 1859 supposed observation of the non-existent planet Vulcan. He graduated and obtained his diploma in 1848, he started to work as a doctor in Orgères-en-Beauce and worked there until 1872. A keen astronomer, he built an observatory with a 3.75 inches refractor by his house and began correspondence with various scientific societies. On 26 March 1859 he saw a small object transiting the Sun and having heard of Le Verrier's theory of an intramercurial planet named Vulcan, he wrote a letter to the astronomer and was visited by him in December 1859. Le Verrier announced the discovery on 2 January 1860. Lescarbault became Chevalier of the Légion d'honneur and was invited to appear before numerous learned societies, his manuscripts, including correspondence with Camille Flammarion, are kept in Bibliothèque Municipale in Châteaudun. He died in 1894. Vulcan Urbain Le Verrier About E. M. Lescarbault, with photos, in French
Orléans is a prefecture and commune in north-central France, about 111 kilometres southwest of Paris. It is the capital of the Loiret department and of the Centre-Val de Loire region. Orléans is located on the Loire River. In 2015, the city had 114,644 inhabitants, the population of the urban area was 433,337. Île d'Orléans, Orléans and New Orleans, Louisiana are named after the city. Orléans is located in the northern bend of the Loire. Orléans belongs to the vallée de la Loire sector between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes-sur-Loire, in 2000 inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site; the capital of Orléanais, 120 kilometres southwest of Paris, is bordered to the north by the Beauce region, more the Orléans Forest and Orléans-la-Source neighbourhood, the Sologne region to the south. Five bridges in the city cross the Loire River: Pont de l'Europe, Pont du Maréchal Joffre, Pont George-V, Pont René-Thinat and Pont de Vierzon. To the north of the Loire is to be found a small hill which rises to 125 m at la Croix Fleury, at the limits of Fleury-les-Aubrais.
Conversely, the south has a gentle depression to about 95 m above sea level between the Loire and the Loiret, designated a "zone inondable". At the end of the 1960s, the Orléans-la-Source neighbourhood was created, 12 kilometres to the south of the original commune and separated from it by the Val d'Orléans and the Loiret River; this quarter's altitude varies from about 100 to 110 m. In Orléans, the Loire is separated by a submerged dike known as the dhuis into the Grande Loire to the north, no longer navigable, the Petite Loire to the south; this dike is just one part of a vast system of construction that allowed the Loire to remain navigable to this point. The Loire was an important navigation and trading route. With the increase in size of ocean-going ships, large ships can now navigate the estuary only up to about Nantes. Boats on the river were traditionally flat-bottomed boats, with large but foldable masts so the sails could gather wind from above the river banks, but the masts could be lowered in order to allow the boats to pass under bridges.
These vessels are known as gabarre, so on, may be viewed by tourists near pont Royal. The river's irregular flow limits traffic on it, in particular at its ascent, though this can be overcome by boats being given a tow. An Inexplosible-type paddle steamer owned by the mairie was put in place in August 2007, facing Place de la Loire and containing a bar; every two years, the Festival de Loire recalls the role played by the river in the commune's history. On the river's north bank, near the town centre, is the Canal d'Orléans, which connects to the Canal du Loing and the Canal de Briare at Buges near Montargis; the canal is no longer used along its whole length. Its route within Orléans runs parallel to the river, separated from it by a wall or muret, with a promenade along the top, its last pound was transformed into an outdoor swimming pool in the 1960s filled in. It was reopened in 2007 for the "fêtes de Loire." There are plans to install a pleasure-boat port there. Orléans experiences an oceanic climate, similar to much of central France.
See Cenabum, Aureliana Civitas. Cenabum was a Gallic stronghold, one of the principal towns of the tribe of the Carnutes where the Druids held their annual assembly; the Carnutes were massacred and the city was destroyed by Julius Caesar in 52 BC a new city was built on its ruins by settlers from the gens Aurelia who named the city, civitas Aurelianorum, after themselves. The name evolved into Orléans. In 442 Flavius Aetius, the Roman commander in Gaul, requested Goar, head of the Iranian tribe of Alans in the region to come to Orleans and control the rebellious natives and the Visigoths. Accompanying the Vandals, the Alans crossed the Loire in 408. One of their groups, under Goar, joined the Roman forces of Flavius Aetius to fight Attila when he invaded Gaul in 451, taking part in the Battle of Châlons under their king Sangiban. Goar established his capital in Orléans, his successors took possession of the estates in the region between Orléans and Paris. Installed in Orléans and along the Loire, they resented by the local inhabitants.
Many inhabitants around the present city have names bearing witness to the Alan presence – Allaines. Many places in the region bear names of Alan origin. In the Merovingian era, the city was capital of the Kingdom of Orléans following Clovis I's division of the kingdom under the Capetians it became the capital of a county duchy held in appanage by the house of Valois-Orléans; the Valois-Orléans family acceded to the throne of France via Louis XII Francis I. In 1108, one of the few consecrations of a French monarch to occur outside of Reims occurred at Orléans, when Louis VI of France was consecrated in Orléans cathedral by Daimbert, archbishop of Sens; the city was always a strategic point on the Loire, for it was sited at the river's most northerly point, thus its closest point to Paris. There were few bridges over the dangerous river Loire, b
Château de Châteaudun
The Château de Châteaudun is a castle located in the town of Châteaudun in the French département of Eure-et-Loir. The castle was built between the 16th centuries; the Count of Blois Thibaut V had the keep built around 1170. The Sainte-Chapelle was built between 1451 and 1493; the choir and the high chapel were built between 1451 and 1454, with the nave and the oratory between 1460 and 1464. Jehan de Dunois, the bâtard d'Orléans, built the west wing between 1459 and 1468; the bell tower was erected in 1493. François I of Orléans-Longueville began construction of the north wing between 1469 and 1491; the upper floors were added by François II d'Orléans-Longueville and his descendants during the first quarter of the 16th century. The castle includes: a keep from the 12th century, 31m high, 42m high, 17m in diameter a chapel from the 15th century the Dunois wing from the 15th century the Longueville wing from the end of the 15th centuryThe château overlooks the Loir river. Perched on a limestone outcrop, it shows its origins as a 12th-century fortress.
Converted by Jean de Dunois during the Renaissance into a comfortable residence, the main body of the building is roofed in the gothic style. It still has, notably, a finely carved staircase from this period. Renovated since the 1930s, the castle has been classed as a historic monument since 1918. List of castles in France Ministry of Culture listing for Château de Châteaudun Ministry of Culture photo Official site of the town Full history and pictures of Château de Châteaudun Château de Châteaudun on Google Cultural Institute
Romain Feillu is a French road racing cyclist who rides for UCI Continental team HP BTP–Auber93. He is the older brother of Brice Feillu, a road racing cyclist. In August 2005, Feillu joined Agritubel as a trainee and impressed his team managers, resulting in a professional contract. During the 2006 season he won the Grand Prix Tours as well as the overall rankings of the Tour de la Somme. In 2007 he won a stage in the Circuit de l'Aulne. In that year he made his Tour de France debut finishing three times in the top 10 in mass sprints, he withdrew after stage 8, the second mountain stage. That year he won the Tour of Britain and the late season Paris–Bourges. At the end of the 2009 season, he won the Grand Prix de Fourmies, he won this race again in 2010. Feillu joined Bretagne–Séché Environnement for the 2014 season, after his previous team – Vacansoleil–DCM – folded at the end of the 2013 season. Romain Feillu at Cycling Archives