The RER B is one of the five lines in the RER rapid transit system serving Paris, France. The line runs from the northern termini Aéroport Charles de Gaulle and Mitry-Claye to the southern termini Robinson and Saint-Rémy-lès-Chevreuse. First opened: 9 December 1977 Length: 80.0 km Number of stops: 47 Traffic: 165 million journeys per annum The southern part of the line is operated by the RATP, the northern part by the SNCF. Trains are owned by either company; until December 2009, drivers changed at Gare du Nord. Trains moving from one network to the other at this station is known as the Interconnexion. Technical difficulties of the Interconnexion include the shared tunnel with RER D between Châtelet – Les Halles and Gare du Nord, the fact that while the SNCF part in the northern suburbs use 25 kV AC, the RATP part uses 1500 V DC, forcing the use of dual-voltage trains. Line B was the product of the connection in 1977 of the Ligne de Sceaux terminus, with the Gare du Nord via Châtelet – Les Halles.
In 1988 St-Michel – Notre-Dame station between Luxembourg and Châtelet – Les Halles was opened to provide connection with RER C and Métro Line 10 at Cluny – La Sorbonne, a station, closed since the beginning of World War II and was renovated for the occasion. 1846: The Ligne de Sceaux is inaugurated from Massy to Denfert-Rochereau. 1862: The Chemin de Fer du Nord line from Paris to Soissons via Mitry-Claye is opened. From 1889 to 1895: The Ligne de Sceaux is extended from Denfert-Rochereau to Luxembourg. 1937: The CMP buys from the PO company the "ligne de Sceaux" which connected the Luxembourg Garden to Robinson and Saint-Rémy-lès-Chevreuse. 1976: A new 13.5 km long line from Aulnay-sous-Bois to Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport is opened, linking it with Paris. 9 December 1977: The "ligne de Sceaux" is extended to Châtelet-les Halles, 2 km, becomes the RER B. 10 December 1981: The line is extended from Châtelet-les Halles to Gare du Nord, 2.5 km. RATP trains to Robinson and Saint-Rémy-lès-Chevreuse make end-to-end connections with SNCF trains to Aulnay-sous-Bois, Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport and Mitry, 42 km, but without through working due to a difference in electrical system.
January 1983: New station, Parc-des-Expositions, opened. Located between Villepinte and Roissy. 7 June 1983: Some trains work through between points north and south of Gare du Nord. Service increased in 1984 and 1987. 17 February 1988: The station St-Michel – Notre-Dame is inaugurated between Luxembourg and Châtelet in order to offer a quick connection with metro line 10 and the RER C. 2 October 1994: OrlyVAL line opens, connecting Antony station with Orly Airport, 8 km. 13 November 1994: The line is extended to Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 2 – TGV, 1 km. 28 January 1998: "La Plaine – Voyageurs" station is moved by a few hundred meters and renamed "La Plaine – Stade de France" in order to reflect the name of the Stade de France for the 1998 FIFA World Cup held in Paris. RER B3 Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 2 – TGV Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 1 Parc des Expositions Villepinte Sevran – Beaudottes B5 Mitry – Claye Villeparisis – Mitry-le-Neuf Vert-Galant Sevran – Livry Aulnay-sous-Bois Le Blanc-Mesnil Drancy Le Bourget La Courneuve – Aubervilliers La Plaine – Stade de France Gare du Nord Châtelet – Les Halles St-Michel – Notre-Dame Luxembourg Port-Royal Denfert-Rochereau Cité Universitaire Gentilly Laplace Arcueil – Cachan Bagneux Bourg-la-Reine B2 Sceaux Fontenay-aux-Roses Robinson B4 Parc de Sceaux La Croix de Berny Antony Fontaine-Michalon Les Baconnets Massy – Verrières Massy – Palaiseau Palaiseau Palaiseau – Villebon Lozère Le Guichet Orsay – Ville Bures-sur-Yvette La Hacquinière Gif-sur-Yvette Courcelle-sur-Yvette Saint-Rémy-lès-Chevreuse RER B is operated by 117 MI 79 and 31 MI 84 sets.
These are to be replaced from 2024. List of stations of the Paris Métro List of stations of the Paris RER RATP official website RATP website in English Interactive Map of the RER Interactive Map of the Paris métro Mobidf website, dedicated to the RER Metro-Pole website, dedicated to Paris public transports
La Courneuve – 8 mai 1945 (Paris Métro)
La Courneuve – 8 mai 1945 is a station of the Paris Métro, inaugurated on 6 May 1987 and renovated in 2005. The station serves as the northern terminus of Paris Métro Line 7; the "8 Mai 1945" refers to 8 May 1945 known as V-E Day, or the end of World War II in Europe. Transfer point with the T1 tramway. Transfer point with bus lines 152, 173, 607, 609. Though it is not tourist-oriented, the neighbourhood "Quatre routes" is commercialized, featuring a large market, open on Tuesdays and Sunday mornings. To reach the nearby Parc départemental de La Courneuve, the largest green space in the département, take the T1 to the station "Six routes". During the Fête de l'Humanité at the beginning of September, a shuttle takes people directly there from the terminus of the métro, it is possible to take the T1 towards Drancy in order to visit the deportation camp of the Cité de la Muette. Bus 152 arrives at the station from the Musée de l'Air et de l'Espace at Le Bourget Airport, where a biennial aviation show is held.
La Courneuve Official site of the city of La Courneuve Official site of Le Parc de La Courneuve List of stations of the Paris Métro
Les Halles (Paris Métro)
Les Halles is a station on line 4 of the Paris Métro in the 1st arrondissement. It takes its name from the market halls; the original station on 21 April 1908 as part of the first section of the line from Châtelet to Porte de Clignancourt to serve Les Halles. The station was rebuilt in 1977 about ten metres further east to interchange with the new Châtelet - Les Halles RER station on RER lines A, B and D; this RER station is connected by underground corridors to the Métro station Châtelet on lines 1, 4, 7, 11 and 14, Les Halles is therefore connected with Châtelet. The Métro Line 4 is the only line that serves Les Halles, it serves the Châtelet station; the walking distance from at Les Halles to the far end of Châtelet is about 900 metres. Les Halles serves the underground shopping center Forum des Halles. One of the floors of the Forum des Halles contains the Métro station. Châtelet Châtelet – Les Halles Roland, Gérard. Stations de métro. D’Abbesses à Wagram. Éditions Bonneton
Châtelet–Les Halles is a major train hub in Paris and one of the largest underground stations in the world. Opened in 1977, it is the central transit node of the Île-de-France metropolitan area, connecting three of five RER commuter-rail lines and five of sixteen Métro lines; the hub hosts 750,000 travellers per weekday and platforms separated by up to 800 metres. It is named after the former market of Les Halles. Formally, the name Châtelet–Les Halles designates the RER station alone. Informally, it refers to the hub comprising the eponymous RER station plus the contiguous Paris Métro stations Châtelet and Les Halles; the tracks of the three RER lines are all oriented parallel in an east–west direction. The seven tracks are grouped on four platforms, with the outer platforms reserved for Lines A and B and the central ones for Line D; this enables easy cross-platform connections between RER A and RER B trains traveling in the same direction, a solution for those RER D trains which use the station as a terminus.
A major redevelopment of the hub and adjoining Forum des Halles shopping mall was completed in 2018, with the main aim of improving safety in the event of an emergency evacuation at peak traffic time. The renovation included the construction of a major new entrance at Place Marguerite de Navarre, with direct access to the RER station hall. List of stations of the Paris Métro List of stations of the Paris RER
La Défense station
La Défense is a station of the Transilien suburban rail lines, RER, Paris Métro and tram. It is located underneath the Grande Arche building in La Défense, the business district just west of Paris; the station serves as the western terminus of Paris Métro Line 1 and connects the RER Line A to the Metro Line 1 station La Défense–Grande Arche since 1992, the T2 tramway since 1994 and SNCF train station. It is attached to a major shopping centre. There are exits each year. Highlights on the surface nearby include the monumental Grande Arche, skyscrapers that host the headquarters of important French and foreign companies, works of urban art such as Le Pouce by César Baldaccini. From the central esplanade the Arc de Triomphe can be seen further down the Axe historique; until May 2004, this part of La Défense hosted an information centre of the European Union managed by the European Parliament. Like the district it serves, the station takes its name from the 19th century statue La Défense de Paris, commemorating the Franco-Prussian War.
RER Line A Line 1 Paris St Lazare Group III: SNCF Gare Saint-Lazare – St Nom la Breteche–Forêt de Marly SNCF Gare Saint-Lazare – Versailles Rive Droite SNCF La Défense – La Verrière Tram Line 2There are four platforms in the Transilien station: In the morning: Platforms 1 and 3 are used for PSL Group III lines to Paris Platform 2 is used for PSL Group III lines to Versailles Rive Droite / St Nom la Breteche – Forêt de Marly Platform 4 is used for La Défense – La Verrière lineIn the afternoon: Platform 1 is used for PSL Group III lines to Paris Platforms 2 and 4 are used for PSL Group III lines to Versailles Rive Droite / St Nom la Breteche – Forêt de Marly Platform 3 is used for La Défense – La Verrière line Note: These are two side platforms located some distance apart, as opposed to one island platform. List of stations of the Paris Métro List of stations of the Paris RER Roland, Gérard. Stations de métro. D’Abbesses à Wagram. Éditions Bonneton. La Défense station at Transilien, the official website of SNCF
Saint-Lazare (Paris Métro)
Saint-Lazare is a station on the Paris Métro serving lines 3, 12, 13 and 14 located on the border of the 8th and 9th arrondissements. It is the second busiest station of the metro system after Gare du Nord with 39 million passengers annually and is the western terminus of line 14; the station offers connections to the following other stations: Gare Saint-Lazare Haussmann – Saint-Lazare on RER line E Havre - Caumartin on lines 3 and 9 Saint-Augustin on line 9The station is named after the mainline railway station, situated in the Rue Saint-Lazare. It is near the major department stores; the station opened on 14 October 1904, four days after the opening of the first section of line 3 between Père Lachaise and Villiers. The line 12 platforms opened on 5 November 1910 as part of the Nord-Sud Company's line B from Porte de Versailles to Notre-Dame-de-Lorette; the line 13 platforms opened on 26 February 1911 as part of the same company's line B from Saint-Lazare to Porte de Saint-Ouen. It was the southern terminus of the line until 27 June 1973.
On 27 March 1931 the Nord-Sud Company was taken over by the Compagnie du chemin de fer métropolitain de Paris and line A became line 12 of the Métro and line B became line 13. On 12 July 1999 the RER station of Haussmann – Saint-Lazare was opened. On 16 December 2003 the line 14 platforms were opened with the extension of the line from Madeleine. On the same day a corridor opened connecting to the station of Saint-Augustin on line 9; the ticket hall, or rotonde, situated beneath the place du Havre, has been called "one of the architectural masterpieces of the Métro".:94 Its metallic vault, covered in ceramic, comprises eight interlocking pillars. It was designed by architect Lucien Bechmann and built by the Nord-Sud Company in 1910. Following a 2004 restoration of the pillars, only the vault itself is original.:75 The platforms are connected by a mezzanine, which has entrances/exits to street level. The platforms are listed by line number
Réseau Express Régional
The Réseau Express Régional abbreviated RER, is a hybrid suburban commuter/rapid transit system serving Paris and its suburbs. The RER combines the operations and roles of a local city-centre underground rail system and suburbs-to-city-center commuter rail. Inside the city center, the RER functions much like the Métro, but is faster as it has fewer stops; this has made it a model for proposals to improve transit within other cities. The network consists of five lines: A, B, C, D and E; the network has 257 stations and has several connections with the Paris Métro within the city of Paris. The lines are identified by letters to avoid confusion with the Métro lines, which are identified by numbers; the RER is still expanding: Line E, which opened in 1999, is planned for westward extension in two phases by 2020–2022. The RER contains 257 stations, 33 of which are within the city of Paris, runs over 587 km of track, including 76.5 km underground. Each line passes through the city exclusively underground and on dedicated tracks.
The RER is operated by RATP, the transport authority that operates most public transportation in Paris, by SNCF, the national rail operator. In spite of this, the system uses a single fare structure and no transfer is needed between sections run by the two operators. Total traffic on the central sections of lines A and B, operated by RATP, was 452 million people in 2006. RATP manages 65 RER stations, including all stations on Line A east of Nanterre-Préfecture and those on the branch to Saint-Germain-en-Laye, it operates stations on Line B South of Gare du Nord. Other stations on the two lines and those on lines C, D and E are operated by SNCF. Of the RER stations operated by RATP, 9 have interchanges with Métro lines, 9 allow transfer to SNCF's Transilien service; the origins of the RER can be traced back to the 1936 Ruhlmann-Langewin plan of the Compagnie du chemin de fer métropolitain de Paris for a "métropolitain express". The company's post-war successor, RATP, revived the scheme in the 1950s, in 1960 an interministerial committee decided to go ahead with the construction of an east-west line.
Subsequently, the central part of the RER was completed between 1962 and 1977 in a large-scale civil engineering project whose chief supervisor was Siavash Teimouri. As its instigator, RATP was granted authority to run the new link; the embryonic RER was not properly conceived until the 1965 Schéma directeur d'aménagement et d'urbanisme, which envisioned an H-shaped network with two north-south routes. Between 1969 and 1970 RATP purchased the Vincennes and Saint-Germain lines from SNCF, as the basis for the east-west link. Only a single north-south route crossing the Left Bank has so far come to fruition, although the Métro's line 13 has been extended to perform a similar function. In the first phase of construction, the Vincennes and Saint-Germain lines became the ends of the east-west Line A, the central section of, opened station by station between 1969 and 1977. On its completion, Line A was joined by the initial southern section of the north-south Line B. During this first phase, six new stations were built, three of which are underground.
Construction was inaugurated by Robert Buron Minister for Public Works, at the Pont de Neuilly on 6 July 1961, four years before the publication of the official network blueprint. The rapid expansion of the La Défense business district in the west made the western section of the first line a priority. Nation, the first new station, was opened on 12 December 1969 and temporarily became the new western terminus of the Vincennes line; the section from Étoile to La Défense was opened a few weeks later. It was subsequently extended eastward to the newly built Auber station on 23 November 1971, westward to Saint-Germain-en-Laye on 1 October 1972; the latter extension was achieved by a connection to the existing Saint-Germain-en-Laye line, the oldest railway line into Paris, at Nanterre. The RER network came into being on 9 December 1977 with the joining of the eastern Nation-Boissy segment and the western Auber-Saint-Germain-en-Laye segment at Châtelet – Les Halles; the southern Ligne de Sceaux was extended from Luxembourg to meet Line A at Châtelet – Les Halles, becoming the new Line B.
The system of line letters was introduced to the public on this occasion, though it had been used internally by RATP and SNCF for some time. A second phase, from the end of the 1970s, was carried out more slowly. SNCF gained the authorisation to operate its own routes, which became lines C, D and E. Extensive sections of suburban tracks were added to the network, but only four new stations were built. In this time period, the network was completed in the following stages: Line C was added in 1979, involving the construction of a link between Invalides and Musée d'Orsay. Line B was extended to Gare du Nord in 1981 with a new deep tunnel from Châtelet – Les Halles, it was subsequently extended further northward. Line D was completed in 1995 with the construction of a deep tunnel between Châtelet – Les Halles and Gare de Lyon. No new building work was necessary at Châtelet – Les Halles, as additional platforms for Line D had been built at the time of the station's construction 20 years earlier. Line E was added in 1999, connecting the north-east with Gare Saint-Lazare by means of a new deep