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Chợ Lớn, Ho Chi Minh City

Chợ Lớn Anglicized as "Cholon" in English sources, is a quarter of Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. It lies on the west bank of the Saigon River. Chợ Lớn consists of the western half of District 5 as well as several adjoining neighborhoods in District 6 and District 11; the quarter has long been inhabited by Chinese people, is considered the largest Chinatown in the world by area. The Vietnamese name Chợ Lớn means "big" "market"; the Chinese name is 堤岸 (pronounced Tai-Ngon in Cantonese and Dī'àn in Mandarin, which means "embankment". The Vietnamese reading of the Chinese name is Đê Ngạn, but this is used. Vietnamese speakers use the name Chợ Lớn, while Chinese speakers are the only users of the original Chinese name; the city of Chợ Lớn was established by the Hoa community. The Lê dynasty, the ruling family in the sixteenth century began to decline in power and two rival families, the Trinh and Nguyen families began to vie for power to fill in the void of the Lê. Nguyen was appointed as Viceroy of the South with headquarters at Huế where they encouraged Chinese immigration to settle down into the area.

In 1778, Hòa living in Biên Hòa had to take refuge in what is now Chợ Lớn because they were retaliated against by the Tây Sơn forces for their support of the Nguyễn lords. In 1782, more than 10,000 Hòa had to rebuild, they built high embankments against the flows of the river, called their new settlement Tai-Ngon. Chợ Lớn was incorporated as a city in 11 km from Saigon. By the 1930s, it had expanded to the city limit of Saigon. On 27 April 1931, Chợ Lớn and the neighbouring city Saïgon were merged to form a single city called ‘Saigon–Cholon’; the official name, never entered everyday vernacular and the city continued to be referred to as ‘Saigon’. ‘Chợ Lớn’ was dropped from the city's official name in 1956, after Vietnam gained independence from France in 1955. During the Vietnam War and deserters from the United States Army maintained a thriving black market at Chợ Lớn, trading in various American and U. S Army-issue items; this was the area, near the Quan Âm Pagoda where photojournalist Eddie Adams took his famous execution photograph.

Four Australian journalists were killed in Chợ Lớn during the Tet Offensive in 1968. Today, Chợ Lớn attracts many tourists mainland Chinese and Taiwanese. Yvon Petra - He was born in Chợ Lớn, he is best remembered as the last Frenchman to win the Wimbledon championships men's singles title in 1946. Cao Văn Viên - Chief of the Joint General Staff of the Army of the Republic of Vietnam from 1966 to 1975. Gontran de Poncins - French author and adventurer lived here in 1955, he resided in the Sun Wah hotel, keeping an illustrated journal, published as From a Chinese City. "He chose Cholon, the Chinese riverbank community snuggled up to Saigon, because he suspected the ancient customs of a national culture endure longer in remote colonies than in the motherland. In effect, he was studying a bit of ancient China." Charles Tran Van Lam Quan Âm Pagoda, Ho Chi Minh City Thiên Hậu Temple, Ho Chi Minh City Cho Lon Mosque Nhị Phủ Temple Hà Chương Guildhall Miếu Quan Đế Minh Hương Guildhall Tam Sơn Guildhall "Cholon".

Encyclopædia Britannica. 6. 1911. P. 267.literatier Ulrich Brinkhoff: Albträume am Saigon-Fluss. Agenda 2014, ISBN 978-3-89688-516-6. Book contains many fotos in Cholon. Sorry, German language only


Gwaldam is a hill station in India, situated between the Garhwal and Kumaon. 39 km from Kausani. Gwaldam is located at 30.02°N 79.57°E / 30.02. It has an average elevation of 1,940 metres, it is 20 km far from Baijnath, capital of medieval Katyuri kings and 25 km far from Kulsari the famous camp station of Nanda Devi Raj Jat. Gwaldam is a small town itself, the main reason for its prosperity is its being a junction of Kumaon and Garhwal and many paths lead to different areas and villages, it is a base camp for the trekkers who enter from Kathgodam railhead on trekking route to Lord Curzon Trail, Nanda Devi Raj Jat and Roopkund. Once it was a mandi for apple trade. There are a number of picnic and devotional spots in the area like Badhangari, Gwaldam naag, Angyari mahadev, Machchi taal, Budhdha temple, river sites of Pindar, a wildlife rich area along the Roopkund road; the main village of Atal Adarsh Gram Gwaldam is talla Gwaldam, situated 2 kilometer from Gwaldam market, known for its ancient Dak-khana and Chaykhana.

The Britisher Curzon built a track connecting Gwaldam to Roopkund which passes through the various places like Devtaal, Deval and Waana Gaon. Talla Gwaldam people have a strong belief on Goddess bhagwati for which devotee comes for worship from all around during bhado. Here one suspicious box placed near the village is still the center of attraction, placed here since British period. Gwaldam is a part of Garhwal hills and situated at the borderline between Garhwal and Kumaon. A number of battles were fought here in past, it being on a strategic point it remained an apple of discord between the Kumaon kings. Gwaldam is situated at the saddle of Gwaldam-Badhangarhi ridge. Border could be crossed through Gwaldam only. South of these ridges is Kumaon and north is Garhwal. Katyuri kings, who hailed from Joshimath, had sympathy for King of Garhwal because of lineage. King of Badhangarhi was under king of Garhwal and had not in good term with King of Kumaon but had good relation with Katyuri king because of neighborhoods.

All these led to a situation between Garhwal kings. In order to browbeat king of Badhangarhi in last decade of 16th century, Chand king sent Parkhu, a great warrior to fight with king of Badhangarhi. Line of supply was cut short by the Katyuri king and Parkhu was beheaded at Binayakdhar nearby crossroad at Gwaldam. King of Garhwal rewarded the soldier; this infuriated the Chand King, Rudra Chand and he led the troops and captured the Katyuri king and killed the Katyuri king Sukhal Deo and exiled his family. Atkinson, in his work, "The Himalayan Gazetteer", narrated these episodes; because of strategic importance a base camp of ITBP was established in 1960s and SSB training center was established in 1970s, meant for some secret military operation. Locally it was known as secret service bureau. SSB imparted guerilla warfare training. In Uttarakhand a number of SSB guerilla trained persons are still ready to serve for any cause. At present a small unit of SSB is present at Gwaldam. Major activities are shifted some elsewhere.

Training grounds, sports fields, stadium and other infra-structure facility are still here. Local people expect that this large chunk of land, about 10 square kilometer could be used as adventure sports university or other activity. A hydro-electric power project of 252 MW is under construction. Head of this project is at Nandkesari on the river Pindar, a tributary of Holy river Ganga; the women-centric Maiti movement, which involves a unique ritual of planting a sapling by a newly-wedded couple, was initiated in Gwaldam by environmentalist Kalyan Singh Rawat in 1994. It is a program intended to develop eco-awareness among the people. Central School, Government Inter College, Girls Junior high School,Vidya-Mandir, Shishu-Mandir and other study, coaching centers are here. Krishi-Vigyan Kendra, Animal Husbandry, Veterinary Center, Fruit Processing Center, Forest Rest House, GMVN Tourist Rest House, State Bank, Chamoli District Cooperative bank branch, are available here. For basic health care a government allopathic hospital is available here.

Presently under Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana, schemes like strengthening of Angora breeding farm and pilot project for establishment of Barbara goat are sanctioned. Government Degree College Talwari is situated at a distance of 11 km from here, it was a private degree college founded by a freedom fighter, politician and member of legislative assembly in erstwhile Uttar Pradesh, Sher Singh Danu. A State Bank of India ATM is located in the main market; the nearest railway station is at KATHGODAM, 180 km. away from here and nearest airport is at Gauchar at 78 km. distance from here. Airport is yet not functional. Several hotels and Garhwal Mandal Vikas Nigam guesthouses are available. Among the legacies of British Raj the Barudghar, Chaykhana, Janglat Dak Bungalow only FRH survives with its heritage building. A lake,'Nirmal Sarovar', in FRH campus is a point of attraction here. Civil Society Gwaldam and NEEDS are social welfare associations; the Himalayan Gazetteer by E. T. Atkinson District Census Hand Book Chamoli, Census of India 2011, Uttarakhand: Series 06 - Part XII-B

Bruce McAllister (politician)

Bruce H. McAllister is a Canadian politician, an elected member to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta representing the electoral district of Chestermere-Rocky View. After the 2012 Alberta election, McAllister along with 16 other Wildrose MLAs formed the Official Opposition. Wildrose Leader Danielle Smith appointed McAllister as Advanced Education Critic. After completing a diploma in broadcast journalism from Loyalist College in Belleville, Ontario, McAllister has had a lengthy career in broadcast journalism, working in cities across the country – including Halifax, Medicine Hat, Victoria. From 2004 to autumn 2011 he was co-anchor of the morning news program on Global Calgary. McAllister was a popular anchor, after eight years of hosting the morning show he made the choice to leave Global Calgary to pursue a career in politics. McAllister became a Wildrose party member after just a month of looking for work. McAllister was avid critic of the long seated Alberta PC party and he was effective in criticism of the PC governments lack of education reform.

In the 2012 fall Legislative session as a member of the Wildrose party, McAllister brought forward amendments to the Education Act that would have ended school fees for mandatory curriculum activities, would have guaranteed the rights of teachers to grade students with a zero where warranted. On December 17, 2014, he was one of nine Wildrose MLAs who defected from the Wildrose party and crossed the floor to join the Alberta Progressive Conservative caucus. On December 18, 2014, the President of the Chestermere-Rocky View PC constituency association said that "...people in our constituency right now that are lost. They are dumbfounded..." By February however, McAllister was soon welcomed by PC Party leadership in Edmonton as one of their own though local support remained questionable. In March 2015, in the pre-writ period of that year's election, McAllister had two declared competitors for the riding of Chestermere-Rocky View. One was Jamie Lall, a long time PC party member and local resident, competing against McAllister for the PC nomination.

The other was Leela Aheer, running as the Wildrose candidate. While some in the PC party continued to be critical of McAllister's decision to change parties without a democratic process, he remained confident in his decision. In February 2015 several high profile PC party members including the Premier came to Chestermere with McAllister in campaign-style event, geared to supporting the local PC party including McAllister. On March 23, 2015, McAllister voted in favour of the Tories' 2015–16 Alberta budget which contained the largest cumulative tax increase and the largest annual budget deficit in Alberta history. McAllister was defeated in the 2015 election by Wildrose candidate Leela Aheer. Right Angle Communications & Consulting website

Michael Sheehan (archbishop of Santa Fe)

Michael Jarboe Sheehan is a retired American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who served as the eleventh Archbishop of Santa Fe. He was the Bishop of Lubbock from 1983 to 1993. Michael Sheehan was born in Wichita, Kansas to John and Mildred Sheehan, raised in Texarkana, Texas, he attended both Assumption Seminary in San Antonio, Texas. He furthered his studies in Rome at the Pontifical Gregorian University, from where he obtained a Licentiate of Sacred Theology in 1965. Sheehan was ordained to the priesthood in Rome on July 12, 1964. Upon his return to the United States, he served as parochial vicar at Immaculate Conception Parish in Tyler from 1965 to 1968. Returning to Rome, he earned a doctorate in canon law from the Pontifical Lateran University in 1971. Sheehan served as Assistant General Secretary of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops/United States Catholic Conference from 1971 to 1976, as rector of Holy Trinity Seminary in Dallas from 1976 to 1982. In 1982, he was named pastor of Immaculate Conception Parish in Grand Prairie.

On March 25, 1983, Sheehan was appointed the founding Bishop of Lubbock by Pope John Paul II. He received his episcopal consecration on the following June 17 from Archbishop Patrick Flores, with Bishops Leroy Matthiesen and Thomas Tschoepe serving as co-consecrators, he selected as his episcopal motto: "Love One Another Constantly." Following the resignation of Robert Sanchez, he became Apostolic Administrator of the Archdiocese of Santa Fe on April 6, 1993. Sheehan was named the eleventh Archbishop of Santa Fe on August 17, 1993, he was formally installed as Archbishop on September 21 of that year. Sheehan became Apostolic Administrator of the Diocese of Phoenix on June 18, 2003, after Thomas J. O'Brien resigned in disgrace, he resigned as Apostolic Administrator upon the installation of a fellow Kansan, Thomas J. Olmsted, on the following December 20. In addition to his native English, he speaks Spanish. In August 2009, he decried the attacks by some of his fellow bishops on the University of Notre Dame for having President Barack Obama deliver its commencement speech and receive an honorary degree.

Sheehan said the Catholic community risks isolating itself from the rest of the country and that refusing to talk to a politician or refusing Communion because of a difference on a single issue was counterproductive. Sheehan has been its effects on marriage, he has released letters to his archdiocese in regards to cohabitation. and its effects on children. Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Santa Fe Official Site

Americas Rallycross Championship

The Americas Rallycross Championship known as ARX Rallycross, was an American rallycross series organized by IMG Motorsport. Formed in 2018, it was a feeder series to the FIA World Rallycross Championship. After two seasons, ARX shut down in late 2019. In March 2018, IMG founded the Americas Rallycross Championship as a competitor to the GRC Rallycross until the latter folded due to financial issues. Former GRC teams like Andretti Autosport and Subaru Rally Team USA moved to ARX. ARX's inaugural race was held in May at Silverstone Circuit as a support to the World RX of Great Britain; the first American round took place in July at Circuit of the Americas, won by Scott Speed. Speed ended the 2018 season as his fourth consecutive title in a rallycross series; the series hosted the ARX2 class, a second-tier league with spec Ford Fiestas. In 2019, ARX conducted a six-race schedule with rounds on new rallycross courses at Mid-Ohio Sports Car Course and World Wide Technology Raceway at Gateway. Foust went on to win the championship.

Only seven teams competed in the 2019 season. On November 15, 2019, IMG announced the series would fold after just two seasons following a failed search for commercial partners; each event consists of the following: Four qualifying heats: Each heat has five cars at most in a four-lap race. Starting positions for the first heat are determined by random draw, while the second through fourth heats use the first event's race times to set the grid. Two Semi-Finals: The top twelve drivers in the heats advance to the Semi-Finals, with odd-numbered drivers in the first and in the second. Final: The top three drivers in the semi-finals advance to the Final. Official website

Jupiter Community High School

Jupiter Community High School known as Jupiter High School and JHS, is a public high school in Jupiter, United States. JHS is a part of the School District of Palm Beach County and is the northernmost high school in Palm Beach County. There are over 3300 students enrolled in the school; the school's mascot is the Warrior, the school colors are green and gold. The town of Jupiter was settled in the late 19th century by settlers traveling down the Loxahatchee River; the town was incorporated in 1925, during the 1930s a two-story school building was constructed for grades 1-12. The bottom level held the lower grades; the campus now known as Jupiter High School was first built west of Military Trail in 1967 for students of the town of Jupiter. The complex housed grades 7–12, with the high school on the South Campus of the school; as the town's population grew, a middle school—now Jupiter Middle School—was constructed a few miles away, the high school encompassed the North and South Campuses. In June 2001, groundbreaking for a new high school took place.

It opened in 2003, costing over $56 million and on August 13, 2003 all students were on one campus for the first time in 20 years. The new high school is on the 12 acres, home to the high school stadium, ball fields, tennis courts and practice fields, it is now 338,000 square feet, housing 60 classrooms and 28 laboratories, in addition to new and improved athletic facilities. The school is wired for computers in every classroom; the auditorium seats the gymnasium seats about 1,500 people. Jupiter High School is host to a wide variety of Magnet school programs, accredited by the State of Florida Department of Education, they include the Jupiter Environmental Research and Field Studies Academy, Engineering Technology Academy, Medical Academy, the Criminal Justice Academy. In addition to magnet programs the school offers 30 AP courses, a wide variety of fine arts, diverse academic electives. Jupiter High School is host to over 100 registered student organizations. Many of Jupiter High School's clubs have competed and won at State and National levels such as: lacrosse, softball, flag football, drama, the competitive robotics team, state-ranked marching band, the nationally ranked table tennis team.

The marching band won the championship title for class AAA in 2014 and for class AAAA in 2015 and 2016 at the Florida Marching Band Championships. The Winterguard won 4th place in class Elite A at the 2015 Winter Guard International championships in Dayton, Ohio; the table tennis team has won state and national acclaim from various sources. The Student Council of Jupiter Community High School has a dominant presence at the Florida Association of Student Councils, has been recognized accordingly; the members have won more project awards in more categories than any other school in the state of Florida. For the 2011–2012 school year, Jupiter High has been elected President of the Palm Beach County Association of Student Councils. Andy Abad, former Major League Baseball player Kevin Barnes, lead member of band Of Montreal Dante Bichette, former Major League Baseball player David O. Blanchard, atmospheric scientist and tornado expert Matt Bosher, current National Football League punter for Atlanta Falcons Todd Crannell, NFL and entertainment agent Daryl Logullo, business executive Miles Mikolas, MLB pitcher for the St. Louis Cardinals Kevin O'Sullivan, University of Florida head baseball coach Craig Page, former National Football League player for Dallas Cowboys Cody Parkey, free-agent NFL kicker Tyler Cameron, appeared on “The Bachelorette” and former FAU football player Official website More school information Jupiter High School Robotics Team Website