Melville, New York
Melville is an affluent hamlet and census-designated place in the Town of Huntington in Suffolk County on Long Island, New York, in the United States. The population was 18,985 at the 2010 census. Melville lies directly east of the boundary with Nassau County; the Long Island Expressway and Northern State Parkway, two of the country's busiest highways and major points of entry in and out of New York City, pass through Melville. Melville is located off Exit 49 of the LIE. New York State Route 110 runs through the center of Melville. Melville and Happauge are the two primary business centers of Suffolk County, home to one and a half million people. Melville still is home to many U. S. headquarters of a number of national and international corporations, including Canon USA, ChyronHego Corporation, MSC Industrial Direct, Nikon USA, the medical and dental supply distributor Henry Schein, Bouchard Transportation. In addition, significant operations of Manhattan-based Estée Lauder are conducted there.
Melville was the host of operations for many Fortune 500 companies, where headquarters and many other corporate and industrial centers were once found on or near Route 110, which runs north to south through Huntington, Farmingdale, North Amityville, Amityville. In early 2013, Canon Inc. moved into its new regional headquarters for North and South America in Melville—a $500-million 668,296-square-foot glass structure near Exit 49 of the Long Island Expressway on the 52-acre site of a former pumpkin farm. About 1,500 workers were expected to move from Canon's Lake Success offices; the company chose Melville over other tri-state area locations because the employees "didn't want to leave the area". Firms that have disappeared, that were once headquartered here are OSI Pharmaceuticals, bought by Astellas Pharma of Japan, Allion Healthcare, acquired by a private equity firm, Hain Celestial, which moved to Lake Success in Nassau County, Arrow Electronics relocated their headquarters to Englewood, Colorado in 2011 and the global staffing giant, which in 2014 moved their to Jacksonville, Florida.
Other firms to leave are First Data Corp. Olympus America Inc. the U. S. subsidiary of Olympus Corporation, who moved in 2006 to Center Valley, Pa. and the pizza chain, that went into bankruptcy and reemerged in 2014, relocating to Columbus, Ohio. Around 2002 Swiss International Air Lines's North American headquarters moved from Melville to Uniondale in the town of Hempstead; the facility, the former Swissair North American headquarter site, was completed in 1995. Swissair intended to own, instead of lease, its headquarters site, it enlisted architect Richard Meier to design the Melville facility. The building is now owned by LLC, a Long Island based real estate company. Melville was the global headquarters of Gentiva Health Services from its 1999 founding until its 2006 relocation to Atlanta; the Long Island newspaper Newsday is published in Melville. The independent television station WLNY-TV operates a studio in Melville where it had been based before being purchased by CBS and moved to the network's Manhattan facility.
The area was known to the Native Americans as Sunsquams. In the 17th century it was known as Samuel Ketcham's Valley, named for a local resident. Afterwards it was known as Sweet Hollow; this name was replaced by Melville in school records in 1854. There is some debate as to the origin of the Melville name, it may be derived from the Latin for honey. It should be noted that the author Herman Melville was being published around this time. A Presbyterian church was built in Melville in 1829 at the corner of Old Country and Sweet Hollow Roads. In 1977 the church was moved 1 mile to the west; the church was in continuous use until 1930. It has been in use since then. In 1909 a trolley line to Huntington was established; this was an extension of the Huntington Trolley Spur and went as far south as Amityville and had a connection to Babylon. There were six fare zones, one of, the Duryea Farm at Melville; the line was shut down a decade after farmers complained that noise from the trolley frightened their animals.
Buses provided transportation. The growing use of private cars reduced demand for the trolley line. In May 2011, construction commenced for the replacement of the Northern State Parkway bridge over Route 110; the original bridge was 63 years old. The project was budgeted for $56,000,000 and is expected to be completed in winter of 2013 and 2014. Long Island's highest point is Jayne's Hill in the neighboring hamlet of West Hills, with an elevation of 387 feet to 400.9 feet above sea level. Melville is home to one of New York Senator and Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer's nine home state offices. Melville is located at 40°47′30″N 73°24′20″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 12.1 square miles, none of, water. Melville has a climate similar to most of the areas across Long Island. According to the Köppen climate classification, Melville is in a transition zone between a humid continental climate and a humid subtropical climate. Melville has hot sunny summers, cool damp winters.
Due to its location on the coast, it experiences warmer winters than nearby inland locations at the same latitude, cooler summers than nearby inland locations. Precipitation is distributed at a even rate throughout the year; as of the census of 2000, there were 14,533 people, 4,930 households
Huntington Station, New York
Huntington Station is a hamlet and census-designated place in Suffolk County, New York, United States. The population was 33,029 at the 2010 census. Huntington Station is a community in the Town of Huntington, it was named for its railroad station, was known as "Fairground". Huntington Station was the birthplace of poet Walt Whitman, his home remains there as a museum. Across from the museum on Route 110 are the Walt Whitman Shops, a mall. Walt Whitman High School Huntington Union Free School District Huntington Station is located at 40°50′41″N 73°24′27″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 14.2 square kilometres, all land. As of the census of 2010, there were 33,029 people, 10,067 households, 7,449 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 6,005.3 per square mile. There were 10,523 housing units at an average density of 1,913.3/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 64.0% White, 10.9% African American, 0.6% Native American, 3.5% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 16.4% some other race, 4.6% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 36.7% of the population. There were 10,067 households, out of which 40.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were headed by married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.0% were non-families. 19.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.0% were someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.26, the average family size was 3.56. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.5 males. For the period 2009-2011, the median annual income for a household in the CDP was $70,898, the median income for a family was $77,674. Males had a median income of $46,600 versus $47,162 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $29,598.
About 7.2% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.0% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over. The hamlet is a major hub for the area, it is the beginning point of electrification for the Port Jefferson Branch of the Long Island Rail Road, so many New York-bound trains start at Huntington station. The hamlet has the S1 bus, providing service along Route 110. In addition, the Town of Huntington operates Huntington Area Rapid Transit buses through the area, with the H10 & H20 buses serving the area near the LIRR Huntington station, while the H30 & H40 buses only serve the southern portion of the hamlet by Jericho Turnpike. Notable current and former residents of Huntington Station include: Gerry Cooney, former heavyweight boxer Diabolic, underground hip-hop artist and rapper Adam Ferrara, Comedian Tom Gugliotta, former NBA player Joseph Hazelwood, the ship's master of the Exxon Valdez at the time of the Exxon Valdez oil spill in the Prince William Sound, Alaska, on March 24, 1989 Charlie Korsmo, former child actor, lawyer Latterman, punk rock band Jim Wetherbee, astronaut Walt Whitman, poet
Suffolk County, New York
Suffolk County is a predominantly suburban county on Long Island and the easternmost county in the U. S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the county's population was 1,493,350, estimated to have decreased to 1,492,953 in 2017, making it the fourth-most populous county in New York, its county seat is Riverhead. The county was named after the county of Suffolk in England, from where its earliest European settlers came. Suffolk County incorporates the easternmost extreme of the New York City metropolitan area; the largest of Long Island's four counties and the second-largest of 62 counties in New York State, Suffolk measures 86 miles in length and 26 miles in width at its widest. Major scientific research facilities in Suffolk County include Brookhaven National Laboratory in Upton, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in Huntington, Plum Island Animal Disease Center on Plum Island. Suffolk County was part of the Connecticut Colony before becoming an original county of the Province of New York, one of twelve created in 1683.
From 1664 until 1683 it had been the East Riding of Yorkshire. Its boundaries were the same as at present, with only minor changes in the boundary with its western neighbor, Queens County but has been Nassau County since the separation of Nassau from Queens in 1899. According to the Suffolk County website, the county is the leading agricultural county in the state of New York, saying that: "The weather is temperate, clean water is abundant, the soil is so good that Suffolk is the leading agricultural county in New York State; that Suffolk is still number one in farming with the development that has taken place, is a tribute to thoughtful planning, along with the excellent soil, favorable weather conditions, the work of dedicated farmers in this region." According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 2,373 square miles, of which 912 square miles is land and 1,461 square miles is water, it is the second-largest county in New York by total area and occupies 66% of the land area of Long Island.
Suffolk County occupies the central and eastern part of Long Island, in the extreme east of New York State. The eastern end of the county splits into two peninsulas, known as the North Fork and the South Fork; the county is surrounded by water on three sides, including the Atlantic Ocean and Long Island Sound, with 980 miles of coastline. The eastern end contains large bays; the highest elevation in the county, on Long Island as a whole, is Jayne's Hill in West Hills, at 401 feet above sea level. Nassau County, New York - west Fairfield County, Connecticut - northwest New Haven County, Connecticut - north Middlesex County, Connecticut - north New London County, Connecticut - north Washington County, Rhode Island - northeast Amagansett National Wildlife Refuge Conscience Point National Wildlife Refuge Elizabeth A. Morton National Wildlife Refuge Fire Island National Seashore Sayville National Wildlife Refuge Seatuck National Wildlife Refuge Target Rock National Wildlife Refuge Wertheim National Wildlife Refuge As of the census of 2010, there were 1,493,350 people and 569,985 households residing in the county.
The population of Suffolk County was estimated by the U. S. Census to have decreased to 1,492,953 in 2017, representing 7.5% of the Census-estimated New York State population of 19,849,399 and 19.0% of the Census-estimated Long Island population of 7,869,820. The population density in 2010 was 1,637 people per square mile, with 569,985 households at an average density of 625 per square mile. However, by 2012, with an estimated total population increasing moderately to 1,499,273 there were 569,359 housing units. By 2014, the racial makeup of the county was estimated at 85.2% White of any ancestry including Hispanic, 8.3% African American, 0.6% Native American, 4.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.2% of the population. Those who identified as "white alone", not being of Hispanic or Latino origin, represented 69.3% of the population. In 2006, the racial or ethnic makeup of the county was 83.6% White. African Americans were 7.4% of the population.
Asians stood at 3.4% of the population. 5.4 % were of mixed race. Latinos were 13.0% of the population. The most common ethnicities in Suffolk County in 2007 were Italian and German. In 2002, The New York Times cited a study by the non-profit group ERASE Racism, which determined Suffolk and its neighboring county, Nassau, to be the most racially segregated suburbs in the United States. In 2006, there were 469,299 households, out of which 37.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.00% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.20% were non-families. 18.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.36. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, 11.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years.
For every 100 females, there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.80 males. In 2008, Forbes magazine released its American Community Survey and named Suffolk County number 4 in its list of the top 25 richest counties in America. In 2016, according to Business Insider, the 11962 zip code encompassing Sagaponack, within Southampton, was listed as the most expensive in the U. S. with a median home sale price of $8
New York Republican State Committee
The New York Republican State Committee established 1855, is an affiliate of the United States Republican Party. Its headquarters are in New York; the purpose of the committee is to nominate Republican candidates for election to New York state and federal political roles. It formulates Republican Party policy on New York State issues and assists its nominees in their election campaigns; the New York Republican State Committee was established in 1855, one year after the founding of the "Republican Party" by William H. Seward and Thurlow Weed; the committee met every three years to plan the Republican National Convention and it met during the election campaigning periods. The establishment of the Republican Party in New York in the 1850s was a difficult task. At the time, the nativist American Party, was active. However, the committee presented nominees from a party with well-recognized members, a defined set of principles, powerful, well-known leaders and a well established structure; the committees nominees were first successful in 1856.
Around 1894, when immigration was at its peak, the New York State Constitution created a clause which caused upstate New York to have reappointed districts so that there would be more votes per district. This gave native New Yorkers more votes than immigrants, it was not until 1974 that the Supreme Court of the United States deemed this clause unconstitutional. This created a turmoil in the politics of New York because the Republican party lost its hold on the state legislature. Since 1959, Nelson Rockefeller and George Pataki were the only two major Republican governors of New York; until 1911, the New York Republican State Committee nominated its candidates through a primary or caucus system. This system meant the average voter had little input as to who would be their choice for the state and federal offices; this system was taken out of practice after the passing of the Direct Primary Law in 1911, which allowed for more input from those present at the primary. The committee, like its national body, promotes agriculture as an industry to strengthen the state economy via its "flow on" effect.
It cites the benefits to employment, small business and the food industry as well as development of arable land for marketing. Senator Andrew Lanza, the chairman of the Ethics Committee, sponsored the Public Integrity Reform Act of 2011, signed into law in the week of August 14, 2011; the Act focuses on financial disclosure of businesses and lobbyists and penalties for non-compliance. The committee promotes PACE financing for the purchase of clean energy infrastructure by New York citizens. Up front costs may be diffused over many years; the committee supports the construction of a smart grid in New York to provide cost and efficiency benefits in the supply of power. The New York Republican State Committee encourages the use of marcellus shale in southern New York for extraction of natural gas. In 2008, Governor David Paterson approved the extension of the drilling area and protections for property owners; the committee agreed with the passing of the bipartisan "Job Creation and Retention Package" on 19 January 2011, where concessions were given to small business employers.
The committee proposed a cap on school property tax excluding new properties. The New York Republican State Committee opposes all government-run healthcare. Instead, it supports competition between health care providers in the private sector; the committee suggests specialised medical malpractice courts or "health courts". New York State has 62 counties; every two years, in each county, Republicans elect a "Republican County Committee". The chair of each county committee is the face of the Republican Party in that county. New York has 150 Assembly districts. Republicans elect one female leader in each district; the district leaders form the executive committee of the respective county committee. The chair and the executive committee seek new party members; the New York State Republican State Committee is composed of one male and one female representative from each Assembly District. Before each statewide election, the committee organises a party convention and chooses candidates for offices of the state.
60% of the committee's vote is needed to win the party's nomination. If no candidate wins 60% of the committee's vote, the candidates with more than 25 percent of the committee's vote compete in a "primary", held in the month of September. A candidate with less than 25 percent of the committee's vote may compete in the "primary" if they have a petition of support of greater than 15000 voters; the State Committee elects one National Committeewoman and one National Committeeman to represent the state committee to the Republican National Committee in Washington, D. C; the current National Committee members are Jennifer Saul, a Republican fundraiser and former chairwoman of the New York County Republican Committee, Lawrence Kadish, a real estate developer from downstate New York. The New York Republican Party holds 22 out of the 63 seats in the New York State Senate and 6 of the state's 27 U. S. House seats. NoneBoth of New York's U. S. Senate seats have held by Democrats since 1998. Al D'Amato was the last Republican to represent New York in the U.
S. Senate. First elected in 1980, D'Amato lost the 1998 election to Chuck Schumer. Out of the 27 seats New York is apportioned in the U. S. House of Representatives, 6 are held by Republicans
Cold Spring Harbor
Cold Spring Harbor is a hamlet and census-designated place in the town of Huntington, Suffolk County, New York, on the North Shore of Long Island. As of the 2010 United States Census, the CDP population was 5,070. Cold Spring Harbor was named after the cold freshwater springs that flow in the area, its economy tied to milling and port activities, it rose in prominence as a whaling community in the mid-nineteenth century. After the decline of whaling in the 1860s, it became a resort town with several hotels. In the 20th century it became known as the site of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, although the laboratory itself is located in the adjacent village of Laurel Hollow in Nassau County, called Cold Spring, before incorporation. Today it is a bedroom community of New York City, with a small central business area running along Route 25A, is home to many educational and cultural organizations: the Cold Spring Harbor Whaling Museum, the Cold Spring Harbor Fish Hatchery and Aquarium, Dolan DNA Learning Center, the Uplands Farm Sanctuary, a museum exhibition gallery run by Preservation Long Island.
Cold Spring Harbor is located at 40°52′N 73°27′W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.9 square miles, of which 3.7 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles, or 4.86%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 4,975 people, 1,753 households, 1,416 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 1,336.3 per square mile. There were 1,790 housing units at an average density of 480.8/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 97.03% White, 0.42% African American, 0.02% Native American, 1.31% Asian, 0.24% from other races, 0.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.97% of the population. There were 1,753 households out of which 38.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.8% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 19.2% were non-families. 14.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 26.9% from 45 to 64, 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $101,122, the median income for a family was $112,441. Males had a median income of $78,984 versus $44,464 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $52,403. About 1.3% of families and 2.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.4% of those under age 18 and 3.6% of those age 65 or over. Cold Spring Harbor is served by the Cold Spring Harbor School District, in parts by the Huntington Union Free School District. Residents of Cold Spring Harbor fall into one of two library districts, Cold Spring Harbor and Huntington, each of which correspond to their respective school district. Cold Spring Harbor is served by the Cold Spring Harbor LIRR Station.
Al Arbour lived in Cold Spring Harbor during his coaching career with the New York Islanders. He moved in 1999, some years after his retirement James L. Dolan, Cablevision CEO, graduated in 1974 from Cold Spring Harbor High School. Nouria Hernandez, rector of the University of Lausanne was professor at the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. John Lennon bought a sprawling mansion overlooking Cold Spring Harbor in November 1979 and was known to spend a lot of time sailing in the harbor. [ spent a portion of her childhood and teen years in Cold Spring Harbor. She attended Cold Spring Harbor High School until her sophomore year of high school. Barbara McClintock, Nobel Prize winner for the discovery of gene transposition, worked at the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory for many years and grew corn for research purposes in Cold Spring Harbor. Scott Seiver, World Series of Poker bracelet winner and former world number one poker player, as ranked by the Global Poker Index Kathleen Sullivan, a leading scholar in American constitutional law and Professor at Stanford Law School, was valedictorian at her graduation from Cold Spring Harbor High School in 1972 Wally Szczerbiak, retired NBA basketball player, attended Cold Spring Harbor High School Evan Thomas, journalist and author, grew up in Cold Spring Harbor.
Norman Thomas, socialist and six-time United States presidential candidate for the Socialist Party of America, lived in Cold Spring Harbor until his death in 1968. Randall Tolson and clockmaker, known for a series of collectible memorial clocks, lived in Cold Spring Harbor until he died in 1954. Ryan Vesce, player for the San Jose Sharks in the NHL, grew up in Lloyd Harbor, adjacent to Cold Spring Harbor, attended Cold Spring Harbor High School. James Watson, Nobel Prize winner, co-discoverer of the structure of DNA, former Chancellor of the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Meg Whitman, former CEO of Hewlett-Packard and ebay, grew up in Lloyd Harbor and attended Cold Spring Harbor High School, graduating in 1973; the novel Cold Spring Harbor, by Richard Yates, is a quiet suburban tragedy set in the 1940s. In the Godzilla: The Series episode "Lizard Season", Cold Spring Harbor was used as the setting of the final battle between Godzilla and the Lizard Slayers, a trio of robots developed by the series' recurring villain Cameron Winter.
Cold Spring Harbor is the name of Billy Joel's debut solo album from 1971. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Cold S
Lloyd Harbor, New York
Lloyd Harbor is a village in Suffolk County, New York, United States, on the North Shore of Long Island. As of the 2013 census, the village population was 3,677; the Incorporated Village of Lloyd Harbor is located in the town of Huntington. In 1654, the Matinecock Native Americans sold 3,000 acres of what is now called Lloyd Neck to English settlers from Oyster Bay; the Matinecock referred to the region as Caumsett. In 1676, James Lloyd acquired the neck, taken over by his son Henry. Henry Lloyd erected a house, which still survives in Caumsett State Park. After his death in 1763, his son Joseph built the Joseph Lloyd Manor House, which he was forced to abandon by the British during the Revolutionary War; the British built several fortifications including Fort Franklin. Henry Lloyd IV was the last Lloyd to own the estate, in 1841. In the 1880s, it became a stop for steamboats coming from New York City, bringing tourists and wealthy New Yorkers. In 1885, Lloyd Neck, part of the town of Oyster Bay and had earlier been known as Queens Village, seceded from Queens County and became part of the town of Huntington in Suffolk County.
The 1900s ushered the era of the Long Island Gold Coast, various wealthy families began to buy land and build seaside mansions and estates. These included William Matheson, Marshall Field III, Ronald Conklin, Harold Dimppel, Sr. Ferdinand Eberstadt and George McKesson. In 1926, Lloyd Neck and West Neck became incorporated as a municipality, named Lloyd Harbor. Charles Lindbergh, Jerry Seinfeld and Billy Joel have each lived on the Neck for a time. Many of these estates have been adapted for other uses. Marshall Field III's estate is now Caumsett State Historic Park, the Conklin estate is a Roman Catholic seminary. Others have become a wildlife refuge. Charles Robertson's estate is now the Banbury Center, a small conference center of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. In 1969 the Long Island Lighting Company proposed locating a nuclear power plant in the community. Local opposition defeated the plan, with Ferdinand Eberstadt donating his 80-acre estate to the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service to become Target Rock National Wildlife Refuge.
Lloyd Harbor is located at 40°54′36″N 73°27′25″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 10.6 square miles, of which 9.4 square miles is land and 1.3 square miles, or 12.03%, is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,675 people, 1,147 households, 1,036 families residing in the village; the population density was 392.9 people per square mile. There were 1,188 housing units at an average density of 127.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 96.49% White, 0.63% African American, 0.05% Native American, 1.88% Asian, 0.22% from other races, 0.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.31% of the population. There were 1,147 households out of which 46.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 85.0% were married couples living together, 3.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 9.6% were non-families. 8.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 3.17 and the average family size was 3.33. In the village, the population was spread out with 31.3% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 21.6% from 25 to 44, 30.8% from 45 to 64, 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.0 males. The median income for a household in the village was $380,411, the median income for a family was $596,650. Males had a median income of $500,000 versus $41,167 for females; the per capita income for the village was $76,696. About 1.0% of families and 1.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.4% of those under age 18 and 2.2% of those age 65 or over. Christie Brinkley, model Taylor Dayne, singer Robin Gibb, singer Village of Lloyd Harbor official website Pictures and info on Lloyd Harbor's historic estates
Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton is an American politician, lawyer and public speaker. She served as the First Lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001, U. S. Senator from New York from 2001 to 2009, 67th United States Secretary of State from 2009 to 2013, as the Democratic Party's nominee for President of the United States in the 2016 election, the first woman nominated by a major party. Born in Chicago and raised in the Chicago suburb of Park Ridge, Clinton graduated from Wellesley College in 1969 and earned a Juris Doctor from Yale Law School in 1973. After serving as a congressional legal counsel, she moved to Arkansas and married future president Bill Clinton in 1975. In 1977, she co-founded Arkansas Advocates for Families, she was appointed the first female chair of the Legal Services Corporation in 1978, became the first female partner at Little Rock's Rose Law Firm the following year. As First Lady of Arkansas, she led a task force whose recommendations helped reform Arkansas's public schools.
As First Lady of the United States, Clinton advocated for healthcare reform. Her marital relationship came under public scrutiny during the Lewinsky scandal, which led her to issue a statement that reaffirmed her commitment to the marriage. In 2000, Clinton was elected as the first female Senator from New York, she was reelected to the Senate in 2006. Running for president in 2008, she won far more delegates than any previous female candidate, but lost the Democratic nomination to Barack Obama. During her tenure as U. S. Secretary of State in the Obama Administration from 2009 to 2013, Clinton responded to the Arab Spring by advocating military intervention in Libya, she helped to organize a diplomatic isolation and a regime of international sanctions against Iran in an effort to force curtailment of that country's nuclear program. Upon leaving her Cabinet position after Obama's first term, she wrote her fifth book and undertook speaking engagements. Clinton made a second presidential run in 2016.
She received the most votes and primary delegates in the 2016 Democratic primaries and formally accepted her party's nomination for President of the United States on July 28, 2016, with vice presidential running mate Senator from Virginia Tim Kaine. She lost the presidential election to Republican opponent Donald Trump in the Electoral College, despite winning a plurality of the popular vote, she received more than 65 million votes, the 3rd-highest count in a U. S. presidential election, behind Obama's victories in 2008 and 2012. Following her loss, she wrote her third memoir, What Happened, launched Onward Together, a political action organization dedicated to fundraising for progressive political groups. Hillary Diane Rodham was born on October 1947, at Edgewater Medical Center in Chicago, Illinois, she was raised in a United Methodist family. When she was three years old, her family moved to the Chicago suburb of Park Ridge, her father, Hugh Rodham, was of English and Welsh descent, managed a small but successful textile business, which he had founded.
Her mother, Dorothy Howell, was a homemaker of Dutch, French Canadian and Welsh descent. Clinton has two younger brothers and Tony; as a child, Rodham was a favorite student among her teachers at the public schools that she attended in Park Ridge. She earned numerous badges as a Brownie and a Girl Scout, she has told a story of being inspired by U. S. efforts during the Space Race and sending a letter to NASA around 1961 asking what she could do to become an astronaut, only to be informed that women were not being accepted into the program. She attended Maine East High School, where she participated in the student council, the school newspaper and was selected for the National Honor Society, she was elected class vice president for her junior year, but lost the election for class president for her senior year against two boys, one of whom told her that "you are stupid if you think a girl can be elected president". For her senior year and other students were transferred to the new Maine South High School, where she was a National Merit Finalist and was voted, "most to succeed".
She graduated in 1965 in the top five percent of her class. Rodham's mother wanted her to have an independent, professional career, her father, otherwise a traditionalist, felt that his daughter's abilities and opportunities should not be limited by gender, she was raised in a politically conservative household, she helped canvass Chicago's South Side at age 13 after the close 1960 U. S. presidential election. She saw evidence of electoral fraud against Republican candidate Richard Nixon, volunteered to campaign for Republican candidate Barry Goldwater in the U. S. presidential election of 1964. Rodham's early political development was shaped by her high school history teacher, who introduced her to Goldwater's The Conscience of a Conservative and by her Methodist youth minister, with whom she saw and afterwards met, civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. at a 1962 speech in Chicago's Orchestra Hall. In 1965, Rodham enrolled at Wellesley College. During her freshman year, she served as president of the Wellesley Young Republicans.
As the leader of this "Rockefeller Republican"-oriented group, she supported the elections of moderate Republicans John Lind