Asiana Airlines Inc. is one of South Korea's two major airlines, along with Korean Air. Asiana has its headquarters in Asiana Town building in Seoul; the airline has its domestic hub at Gimpo International Airport and its international hub at Incheon International Airport. As a member of Star Alliance, it operates 14 domestic and 90 international passenger routes, 27 cargo routes throughout Asia, North America, Oceania; as of December 2014, the company employs 10,183 people. The majority of Asiana's pilots, ground staff, flight attendants are based in Seoul. Asiana Airlines is the largest shareholder in Air Busan, a low-cost regional carrier joint venture with Busan Metropolitan City; the airline holds 100% share of Air Seoul, a subsidiary and its own low-cost carrier. Asiana is currently an official sponsor of the South Korea national football team and The Presidents Cup 2015. Korean Air, privatized in 1969, had a monopoly on the South Korean airline industry until the establishment of Asiana in 1988.
Asiana's formation did not come about as a policy initiative favoring liberalized market conditions but rather because of pressure from other chaebols and interests who wanted to compete. It was formed by the Kumho Asiana Group and was known as Seoul Air International. Asiana was established on 17 February 1988 and started operations in December 1988 with flights to Busan; as of 2007 the airline was owned by private investors, Kumho Industrial, Kumho Petrochemical, foreign investors, Korea Development Bank, others. Asiana began operations in December 1988, using Boeing 737 Classic aircraft, with flights to Busan and Gwangju. In 1989, Asiana began regular services to Jeju City and Daegu and the same year, Asiana began international chartered flights to Sendai in Japan. In 1990, Asiana began its first scheduled international services, to the Japanese cities of Tokyo, Nagoya and Fukuoka. In the same year, Asiana had ten Boeing 767 -- 300s and eight Boeing 737 -- 400s. In early 1991, Asiana began services to Bangkok, Hong Kong and Taipei.
Transpacific flights to Los Angeles began in December 1991 with a Boeing 747-400 Combi. Services to Vienna and Honolulu began in the mid-1990s. In 1993, Asiana began services to Ho Chi Minh City in Vietnam. Asiana Airlines has expanded since its establishment in 1988 to become a mid-sized global carrier with a current fleet of 85 aircraft. In December 1998, the airline operated an aircraft on behalf of the president of South Korea for the first time; the airline was listed in KOSDAQ In December 1999. On 28 January 2003, the airline became a full Star Alliance member, expanding its worldwide network and global brand. In 2004, the airline added Airbus A330s and the Boeing 777-200ERs to its fleet, expanded its routes into mainland China, it provides international services to 71 cities in 23 countries on 91 routes, domestic services to 12 cities on 14 routes. It provides international cargo services to 29 cities in 14 countries on 28 routes by Asiana Cargo, the airline's freight division. In 2012, the airline had net sales of US$5.3 billion.
In February 2006, Asiana Airlines modernized its corporate identity for unification with those of other divisions of its parent company the Kumho Asiana Group. The names of the travel classes have changed from First Class, Business Class, Economy Class to First and Travel classes and the colors of the travel classes have changed to yellow and red for First and Travel Class, respectively. New uniforms were created for the crew. Asiana began to focus on being an environmentally friendly company in the mid-1990s and has put its efforts since in this regard, such as banning in-flight smoking and cigarette sales in 1995; the company was awarded first in class certification by the International Organization for Standardization for meeting criteria ISO 14001 in 1996. In 2001, Asiana Airlines was recognized for being the "first environmentally friendly company within the service industry" by the South Korean Ministry of Environment; some of Asiana's other environmentally-minded programs include an emissions measurement and reduction system.
On 17 February 2009, Air Transport World awarded Asiana the "Airline of the Year" award, considered to be one of the most honorable awards in the airline industry. In May 2010, Asiana Airlines was named the best airline in the world by Skytrax at the 2010 World Airline Awards. Asiana came in second place behind Qatar Airways in 2011 and 2012. Asiana Airlines is rated a "5 Star" airline by Skytrax; the airline has its headquarters in Asiana Town in Gangseo-gu, Seoul. The airline's head office moved from Hoehyeon-dong, Jung District to Asiana Town in Osoe-dong on 1 April 1998. Asiana Airlines serves destinations on four continents with an Asian network that includes important cities in the People's Republic of China, Southeast Asia and Central Asia; the airline serves a number of gateway cities in North America and Europe while retaining a limited coverage of Oceania. Asiana Cargo, the airline's only cargo subsidiary has a wide network in Europe and the United States. Asiana decided to launch Air Seoul, the airline's second subsidiary and its own low-cost carrier, based in Incheon International Airport, transfer some of its unprofitable routes to the subsidiary from November 2016.
CSI: Miami is an American police procedural drama television series that premiered on September 23, 2002, on CBS. Starring David Caruso as Lieutenant Horatio Caine, Emily Procter as Detective Calleigh Duquesne, Kim Delaney as Lieutenant Megan Donner, the series is the first direct spin-off of CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, "transplanting the same template and trickery—gory crimes, procedural plot and dazzling graphics—into while retaining the essence of the original idea". CSI: Miami is executive produced by Carol Mendelsohn, Anthony E. Zuiker, Ann Donahue, with the latter acting as show-runner; the series ended on April 2012, after 10 seasons and 232 episodes. Following the series finale, Nina Tassler credited CSI: Miami as a "key player in CBS's rise to the top", stating that the series "leaves an amazing television legacy—a signature look and style global popularity". In 2006, BBC News published an article stating that CSI: Miami was the world's most popular television series, featuring in more countries' top ten rankings for 2005 than any other series.
CSI: Miami follows a group of detectives assigned to the Miami-Dade Police Department's Crime Scene Investigations, an elite unit operating out of the "Miami Dade police headquarters, with its eerie blue light and flickering screens". The team is led by Lieutenant Horatio Caine, through his history as a bomb-disposal expert, has gained specialized knowledge in explosive forensics. Horatio believes that "evil is" and lives "between the perpetrators of this evil and the people who try and come between that evil and the citizen". In his pursuit of justice, he has proven that "he can handle himself on the street and he's not a person to be messed with"The New York Sun has described Caine as an amalgam of "the spirits of all the laconic American law men who preceded him", while The New York Post describes Caine's partner Detective Calleigh Duquesne as "a bilingual Southern beauty with a specialty in ballistics". Together and Calleigh head a team of forensic investigators that includes Lieutenant Megan Donner, conceived as "a strong woman duplicate the chemistry that Caruso displayed with Marg Helgenberger" during Cross Jurisdictions, Detective Eric Delko, an underwater recovery expert, Walter Simmons, a Detective who forces the "CSIs to do more science and research instead of relying on databases", Los Angeles Police-transfer Jesse Cardoza, former FBI agent Natalia Boa Vista, Ryan Wolfe, a master of genetics recruited following the death of Detective Timothy Speedle.
The team are assisted by Medical Examiner Alexx Woods, who began her career as Medical Examiner in New York, her replacement Tara Price, Miami Dade Police Sergeant Frank Tripp, Horatio's sister-in-law, Detective Yelina Salas. During their investigations, the team cooperate with both allies and nemeses, including Internal Affairs Lieutenant Rick Stetler, States Attorney Rebecca Nevins, Medical Examiner Tom Loman, newly minted detective Sam Owens. On April 17, 2002, CBS Television Studios announced plans to launch a series titled CSI: Miami-Dade, a spin-off to the hit procedural CSI. On the location choice, co-creator Carol Mendelsohn stated that " felt Miami was the most happening place Miami is so rich as a character. There is so much water. There are so many different cultures here all colliding, its politics are so interesting. All that gives Miami an edge."CBS ordered 22 episodes of the series, with Anthony Zuiker stating that whilst he intended for the series to look "ridiculously gorgeous", he felt that the "show not about women walking around in bikinis.
It's about science." The series was launched as a second-season episode of CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, featured a cast led by David Caruso, Emily Procter, Adam Rodriguez, Khandi Alexander, with Rory Cochrane. Kim Delaney joined the series following the pilot episode's broadcast; the series is executive produced by creators Carol Mendelsohn, Anthony E. Zuiker, Ann Donahue, with Ann Donahue acting as show-runner. Jerry Bruckheimer executive-produces the series. CSI: Crime Scene Investigation stars William Petersen and Marg Helgenberger expressed their displeasure at CBS' launch of Miami, with Petersen stating that " should have waited five years for a CSI spinoff." Helgenberger supported Petersen's comments during an Emmy acceptance speech, noting that "as far as concerned, there’s only one CSI." Petersen jestingly referred to the series NYPDCSI, as it featured both David Caruso and Kim Delaney, of NYPD Blue fame. In 2002, CSI executive producer Anthony Zuiker began casting for the then-unnamed Miami based spin-off.
First cast was Emily Procter, as Calleigh Duquesne. Regarding her decision to leave The West Wing and join Miami, Procter stated that "It was like choosing between a boyfriend that wants to be with you casually or a man that says I love you." She described her character as "a weird girl bright and nerdy. She looks like a hippie. I just like to pretend I'm Velma in Scooby-Doo."Adam Rodriguez, Rory Cochrane, Khandi Alexander were cast alongside Procter, completing the supporting ensemble. For the lead, CBS suggested David Caruso. Zuiker, who stated that he had "heard about the NYPD Blue thing", was hesitant. Elaborating, Zuiker stated that he "sort of jumped in and said,'Naw, I don't know about this guy; the show's tough eno
What Women Want
What Women Want is a 2000 American romantic fantasy comedy film written by Josh Goldsmith, Cathy Yuspa, Diane Drake, directed by Nancy Meyers, starring Mel Gibson, Helen Hunt, Sarah Paulson. The film earned mixed reviews from critics, but was a box office success, with a North American domestic gross of $182 million and a worldwide gross of $374 million against a budget of $70 million. A loose remake, What Men Want starring Taraji P. Henson and Aldis Hodge came out in early 2019. Nick Marshall is a Chicago advertising executive and alpha male, raised by his Las Vegas showgirl mother. Nick is a chauvinist skilled at seducing women, he expects a big promotion at the advertising firm Sloane Curtis, but his manager, instead announces that he is hiring Darcy McGuire to broaden the firm's appeal to women. Meanwhile, Nick's estranged 15-year-old daughter, Alex, is staying with him while his ex-wife, Gigi, is on her honeymoon with her new husband Ted. Nick embarrasses Alex, Cameron. Darcy tasks the staff, including Nick, to develop advertising ideas for a series of feminine products she distributes at the staff meeting.
While testing a few items at home, Nick falls into his bathtub while holding an electric hairdryer, shocking himself. The next morning, Nick awakens to discover, he has an epiphany, realizing that most women at work, dislike him and consider him sleazy. He makes an impromptu visit to his former therapist, Dr. Perkins, she encourages him to use his new-found ability to his advantage. Nick eavesdrops on Darcy and sabotages her ideas to use as his own, but becomes attracted to her. Alex resents Nick's years of neglect, but they start to bond while he takes her shopping for a prom dress. After Nick detects that Alex intends to sleep with Cameron the night of the prom, she rejects Nick's attempt at advice. Nick and Darcy spend more time together. However, he steals Darcy's idea for a new Nike ad campaign aimed at women, though he regrets his actions as it leads to Dan firing Darcy. Nick persuades Dan to rehire Darcy. Over time, Nick succeeds in repairing his female acquaintances/relationships those at work.
Nick loses his gift during a severe thunder and lightning storm while on his way to see company secretary, contemplating suicide. He offers her a position that she was turned down for; when Cameron dumps Alex at the prom for refusing to have sex, Nick finds and consoles her, cementing their newly-repaired relationship. Nick explains everything, she fires him, but forgives him. Mel Gibson as Nick Marshall: A Chicago executive who acquires the gift to hear what women are thinking. Helen Hunt as Darcy McGuire: Nick's co-worker who becomes his love interest. Marisa Tomei as Lola: Nick's once love interest who works in a coffee shop and is trying to become an actress. Alan Alda as Dan Wanamaker: Nick's boss. Lauren Holly as Gigi: Nick's ex-wife, mother of Alexandra, new wife of Ted who she leaves at the beginning of the movie with to go on their honeymoon. Robert Briscoe Evans as Ted: Second husband of Gigi and stepfather of Alexandra, he leaves with Gigi at the beginning of the movie to go on their honeymoon.
Ashley Johnson as Alexandra "Alex" Marshall: Nick's daughter who comes to stay with him while her mom Gigi and stepdad Ted go on their honeymoon. She has a boyfriend named Cameron who dumps her after she reveals her desire not to sleep with him right away, she at first has a rocky relationship with her dad but in the end reconciles with him. She is a huge fan of Meredith Brooks. Mark Feuerstein as Morgan Farwell Delta Burke as Eve Valerie Perrine as Margo Judy Greer as Erin Sarah Paulson as Annie Ana Gasteyer as Sue Cranston Diana-Maria Riva as Stella Lisa Edelstein as Dina Loretta Devine as Flo Eric Balfour as Cameron: Alexandra's much older boyfriend, a gameplayer and dumps her after she tells him that she is not ready to sleep with him after the prom. Logan Lerman as Young Nick Marshall Alex McKenna as Alex's friend Bette Midler as Dr. J. M. Perkins Amanda Holden as herself Rotten Tomatoes gives the film an approval rating of 54% based on 121 reviews, with an average rating of 5.7/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Even though Gibson is a good sport in his role, What Women Want is a rather conventional, fluffy comedy-romance that doesn't make good use of its premise."
On Metacritic the film has a score of 47 out of 100, based on 33 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews". On CinemaScore, audiences gave the film an average grade of "B+" on an A+ to F scale. For his portrayal of Nick Marshall, Gibson was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy and a Blockbuster Entertainment Award for Favorite Actor—Comedy/Romance. Hunt won the latter award in the Favorite Actress—Comedy/Romance category, while Mark Feuerstein and Marisa Tomei each received a nomination in the supporting categories, it garnered Tomei a nod for the Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture, while Ashley Johnson was nominated at the Young Artist Awards. For his score, composer Alan Silvestri won the ASCAP Award for Top Box Office Films, it received a Saturn Award nomination for "Best Fantasy Film" from the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films, USA; the film won the Bogey Award in Platin from the Bogey Awards, Germany.
It was nominated for the Best Casting for Feature Film, Comedy from the Casting Society of America, USA. It received the Golden Screen Award in Germany. In 2009, the website Pajiba publis
CSI: Crime Scene Investigation
CSI: Crime Scene Investigation referred to as CSI and CSI: Las Vegas, is an American procedural forensics crime drama television series which ran on CBS from October 6, 2000 to September 27, 2015, spanning 15 seasons. The series starred William Petersen, Marg Helgenberger, George Eads, Liev Schreiber, Ted Danson, Laurence Fishburne, Elisabeth Shue, Jorja Fox and was the first in the CSI franchise; the series concluded with a feature-length finale titled "Immortality". Mixing deduction and character-driven drama, CSI: Crime Scene Investigation follows a team of crime-scene investigators, employed by the Las Vegas Police Department, as they use physical evidence to solve murders; the team is led by Gil Grissom, a awkward forensic entomologist and career criminalist, promoted to CSI supervisor following the death of a trainee investigator. Grissom's second-in-command, Catherine Willows, is a single mother with a cop's instinct. Born and raised in Las Vegas, Catherine was a stripper before being recruited into law enforcement and training as a blood-spatter specialist.
Following Grissom's departure during the ninth season of the series, Catherine is promoted to supervisor. After overseeing the training of new investigator Raymond Langston, Willows is replaced by D. B. Russell, recruited to the FBI shortly thereafter. Russell is a family man, a keen forensic botanist, a veteran of the Seattle Crime Lab. In the series' 12th season, Russell is reunited with his former partner Julie Finlay, like Catherine, is a blood-spatter expert with an extensive knowledge of criminal psychology. With the rest of the team, they work to tackle Las Vegas's growing crime rate and are on the job 24/7, scouring the scene, collecting the evidence, finding the missing pieces that will solve the mystery. During the 1990s, Anthony Zuiker caught producer Jerry Bruckheimer's attention after writing his first movie script. Zuiker was convinced; the studio's head at the time liked the spec script and presented it to ABC, NBC, Fox executives, who decided to pass. The head of drama development at CBS saw potential in the script, the network had a pay-or-play contract with actor William Petersen, who said he wanted to do the CSI pilot.
The network's executives liked the pilot so much, they decided to include it in their 2000 schedule airing on Fridays after The Fugitive. After CBS picked up the show, the Disney-owned Touchstone decided to pull out of the project, since they didn't want to spend so much money producing a show for another network. Instead of the intended effect of making CBS cancel the show, Bruckheimer was able to convince Alliance Atlantis to step in as a producer, saving the show and adding CBS as another producer. CSI was thought to benefit from The Fugitive, expected to be a hit, but by the end of 2000, CSI had a much larger audience. CSI: Crime Scene Investigation was produced by Jerry Bruckheimer Television and CBS Productions, which became CBS Paramount Television in the fall of 2006 and CBS Television Studios three years later. A co-production with the now-defunct Alliance Atlantis Communications, that company's interest was bought by the investment firm GS Capital Partners, an affiliate of Goldman Sachs.
CBS acquired AAC's international distribution rights to the program, though the non-US DVD distribution rights did not change. The series is in syndication, reruns are broadcast in the U. S. on Oxygen and the USA Network on cable, with Ion Television holding the broadcast syndication rights. The show has aired in reruns on the USA Network since January 14, 2011; the CSI catalog has been exclusive to the whole NBC Universal portfolio since September 2014, after several years with Viacom Media Networks' Spike and TV Land. CSI was shot at Rye Canyon, a corporate campus owned by Lockheed Martin situated in the Valencia area of Santa Clarita, but after episode 11, filming shifted to the Santa Clarita Studios chosen for its similarity to the outskirts of Las Vegas; the cast still shot on location in Las Vegas, although Las Vegas was used for second unit photography such as exterior shots of streets. Other California locations include Verdugo Hills High School, UCLA's Royce Hall, Pasadena City Hall, California State University, Los Angeles.
While shooting took place at Universal Studios in Universal City, Santa Clarita's surroundings had proven so versatile, CSI still shot some outdoor scenes there. CSI's theme song was, since the last episode of season one, "Who Are You", written by Pete Townshend with vocals by lead singer Roger Daltrey of The Who. Daltrey made a special appearance in the season-seven episode "Living Legend", which contained many musical references such as the words "Who's next" on a dry-erase board in the episode's opening sequence. In certain countries, to avoid music licensing fees, a unique theme was used, instead. Throughout the series, music played an important role. Mogwai was often
Chobits is a Japanese manga created by the Japanese manga collective Clamp. It was published by Kodansha in Weekly Young Magazine from the 43rd issue for 2000 to the 48th issue for 2002 and collected in eight bound volumes. Chobits was adapted as a 26-episode-long anime television series broadcast on TBS and Animax from April to September 2002. In addition, it has spawned two video games as well as various merchandise such as figurines, collectable cards and artbooks; the series tells the story of Hideki Motosuwa, who finds an abandoned persocom, or personal computer with human form, which he names "Chi" after the only word it can speak. As the series progresses, they explore the mysteries of Chi's origin together and questions about the relationship between human beings and computers; the manga is set in the same universe as Angelic Layer, taking place a few years after the events of that story, like Angelic Layer, it explores the relationship between humans and electronic devices shaped like human beings.
Chobits branches off as a crossover into many other stories in different ways, such as Tsubasa: Reservoir Chronicle, xxxHolic and Kobato. The series centers on the life of Hideki Motosuwa, a held-back student attempting to qualify for university by studying at Seki prep school in Tokyo. Besides a girlfriend, he dreams of having a persocom: an android used as a personal computer, expensive. On his way home one evening, he stumbles across a persocom in the form of a beautiful girl with floor-length hair lying against a pile of trash bags, he carries her home, not noticing that a disk fell on the ground. Upon turning her on, she regards Hideki with adoration; the only word the persocom seems capable of saying is "chi", thus he names her that. Hideki assumes that there must be something wrong with her, so the following morning he has his neighbor Hiromu Shinbo analyze her with his mobile persocom Sumomo. After Sumomo crashes during the attempt they conclude. Shinbo introduces Hideki to Minoru Kokubunji, a twelve-year-old prodigy who specializes in the field of custom-built persocoms.
Minoru's persocoms, including Yuzuki, a exceptional custom-built persocom, are not able to analyze Chi either, thus they conclude that she may be one of the Chobits, a legendary series of persocoms rumoured to have free will and emotions. Although this is a possibility, Minoru is confident. Yuzuki adds that she does not resemble any persocom model in any available database and so she must be custom made after all. A major part of the plot involves Hideki attempting to teach Chi words and appropriate behaviours, in between his crammed schedule of school and work. At the same time, Chi seems to be developing feelings for Hideki, at an emotional depth she is not supposed to possess, Hideki struggles with his feelings for her; the need to figure out more about Chi and her mysterious functions and past becomes a pull for the characters in the series. Hideki's feelings intensify for Chi regardless of her being a persocom and despite his friends' painful experiences involving other persocoms. Chi becomes aware of her purpose through a picture book series called A City with No People which she finds in a bookstore.
The books speak about many different things involving human and persocom relationships: persocoms and their convenience as friends and lovers, how there are things that they cannot do and questioning whether a relationship between a persocom and a human is one-sided. It speaks about the Chobits series; these picture books awaken Chi's other self, her sibling Freya, aware of their past and helps Chi realize what she must do when she decides who her "person just for me" is. Together and Hideki explore the relationship between human beings and persocoms, as well as their friends' and their own. Hideki Motosuwa A 19-year-old repeat student attempting to get into a university by studying at a cram school, while working at an izakaya. One night, while walking home from the convenience store, he finds a persocom lying in a pile of garbage, he takes her home, upon activating her, finds that the only word she can speak is "Chi". Because of this, he gives her the name "Chi" and takes her into his care, doing his best to protect and teach her.
Despite his shortcomings and occasional moments of awkwardness with the bustling environment of Tokyo, Hideki is a genuinely kind and honest person, whose habit of thinking of others' well-being before his own can cause many problems. However, he gets embarrassed; when a friend is in trouble Chi, he is always there to help. Although many characters in the series tease him for being a "nice guy", they turn to him for advice with their problems, knowing he will always hear them out and do his best to assist them. Having grown up on a farm in Hokkaido with only cows for company, Hideki is eager to make friends, tends to be preoccupied with what other people think of him, thinks aloud only to become embarrassed when he notices others have heard him discussing private subjects. Voiced by: Tomokazu Sugita. Hideki finds her in a pile of trash. Upon turning her on, she is only able to say the word "chi," remembers nothing of her past life, is unable to perform even
Doraemon is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Fujiko F. Fujio, the pen name of the duo Hiroshi Fujimoto and Motoo Abiko; the series has been adapted into a successful anime series and media franchise. The story revolves around a robotic cat named Doraemon, who travels back in time from the 21st century to aid a boy named Nobita Nobi; the Doraemon manga series was first published in December 1969 in six different magazines. A total of 1,345 stories were created in the original series, it is one of the best-selling manga in the world, having sold over 100 million copies as of 2015. The volumes are collected in the Takaoka Central Library in Toyama, where Fujiko Fujio was born. Turner Broadcasting System bought the rights to the Doraemon anime series in the mid-1980s for an English-language release in the United States, but cancelled it without explanation before broadcasting any episodes. In July 2013, Voyager Japan announced the manga would be released digitally in English via the Amazon Kindle e-book service.
Awards for Doraemon include the Japan Cartoonists Association Award for excellence in 1973, the first Shogakukan Manga Award for children's manga in 1982, the first Osamu Tezuka Culture Award in 1997. In March 2008, Japan's Foreign Ministry appointed Doraemon as the nation's first "anime ambassador." A Ministry spokesperson explained the novel decision as an attempt to help people in other countries understand Japanese anime better and to deepen their interest in Japanese culture. The Foreign Ministry action confirms that Doraemon has come to be considered a Japanese cultural icon. In India, its Hindi and Tamil translation has been telecasted, where the anime version is the highest-rated kids' show. In 2002 Time Asia magazine acclaimed the character as an "Asian Hero" in a special feature survey. An edited English dub distributed by TV Asahi aired on Disney XD in the United States started on July 7, 2014. In Epcot, Doraemon toys are on the Japan shop. On August 17, 2015, another English dubbed version distributed by Luk Internacional began broadcasting on Boomerang UK.
The film series is the largest by number of admissions in Japan. Nobita Nobi is a young boy who suffers from poor grades, frequent bullying and negative emotions like sadness and jealousy. Many years in the future, one of his descendants sends the robotic cat Doraemon back in time to protect and guide Nobita. Doraemon has a four-dimensional pocket in which he stores innumerable items known as gadgets, which range from toys and medicine, to technology from the future. Examples include the Bamboo-Copter, a small piece of headgear that allows flight and the Anywhere Door, a door that opens up to any place the user wishes. Nobita's closest friend is Shizuka Minamoto, who serves as his romantic interest and becomes his wife. Nobita is tormented by the bullying Takeshi Goda, the cunning and arrogant Suneo Honekawa. A typical story consists of Doraemon using one of his gadgets in order to assist Nobita in various ways causing more trouble than he was trying to solve. In December 1969 the Doraemon manga appeared in six different children's monthly magazines published by Shogakukan.
The magazines were aimed at children from nursery school to fourth grade. In 1977 CoroCoro Comic was launched as the flagship magazine of Doraemon. Since the debut of Doraemon in 1969, the stories have been selectively collected into forty-five tankōbon volumes, which were published under Shogakukan's Tentōmushi Comics imprint, from 1974 to 1996. Shogakukan published a master works collection consisting of Twenty volumes between July 24, 2009 and September 25, 2012. In addition, Doraemon has appeared in a variety of manga series by Shōgakukan. In 2005 Shōgakukan published a series of five more manga volumes under the title Doraemon+, which were not found in the forty-five original volumes. On December 1, 2014, a sixth volume of Doraemon Plus was published; this was the first volume in eight years. There have been two series of bilingual and English, volumes of the manga by SHOGAKUKAN ENGLISH COMICS under the title Doraemon: Gadget Cat from the Future, two audio versions; the first series has the second six.
In July 2013, Fujiko Fujio Productions announced that they would be collaborating with ebook publisher Voyager Japan and localization company AltJapan Co. Ltd. to release an English language version of the manga in full-color digitally via the Amazon Kindle platform in North America. Shogakukan released the first volume in November 2013; this English version incorporates a variety of changes to character names. A total of 200 volumes have been released; the manga has been published in English in print by Shogakukan Asia, using the same translation as the manga available on Amazon Kindle. Unlike the Amazon Kindle releases these volumes are in white instead of color, they have released four volumes. Shogakukan started digital distribution of all forty-five original volumes throughout Japan from July 16, 2015. After a brief animated series in 1973 by Nippon Television, Doraemon remained exclusive in manga form until 1979 when a newly formed animation studio, Shin-Ei Animation produced an anime series of Doraemon.
This series became popular, ended with 1,787 episodes on March 25, 2005. In Asia, this version is sometimes referred to as the Ōyama Edition, after the voice actress who voiced Doraemon in this series. Ce
The Twilight Saga (film series)
The Twilight Saga is a series of five romance fantasy films from Summit Entertainment based on the four novels by American author Stephenie Meyer. The films star Kristen Stewart, Robert Pattinson, Taylor Lautner; the series has grossed over $3.3 billion in worldwide receipts. The first installment, was released on November 21, 2008; the second installment, New Moon, followed on November 20, 2009, breaking box office records as the biggest midnight screening and opening day in history, grossing an estimated $72.7 million. The third installment, was released on June 30, 2010, was the first Twilight film to be released in IMAX; the series was in development since 2004 at Paramount Pictures, during which time a screen adaptation of Twilight that differed from the novel was written. Three years Summit Entertainment acquired the rights to the film. After Twilight grossed $35.7 million on its opening day, Summit Entertainment announced they would begin production on New Moon. A two-part adaptation of Breaking Dawn began shooting in November 2010 with release dates of November 18, 2011, November 16, 2012, respectively.
Twilight was in development for three years at Paramount Pictures's MTV Films, during which time a screen adaptation differing from the novel was written. For example, the script transformed Bella into a star athlete. Stephenie Meyer stated that there was some debate in allowing the movie to be made because of the negative or positive outcome of the movie compared to the book,'"They could have put that movie out, called it something else, no one would have known it was Twilight!" The idea of seeing a scene converted specifically the meadow scene, convinced Meyer to sell the rights. In seeing the script, she was frightened; when Summit Entertainment reinvented itself as a full-service studio in April 2007, it acquired the rights to the novel. Erik Feig, President of Production at Summit Entertainment, guaranteed a close adaptation to the book; the company perceived the film as an opportunity to launch a franchise based on the success of Meyer's book and its sequels. Meyer felt. Catherine Hardwicke was hired to direct the film, soon afterward, Melissa Rosenberg was selected to be the film's structural base as the writer of the film.
Rosenberg developed an outline by the end of August and collaborated with Hardwicke on writing the screenplay during the following month. "She was a great sounding board and had all sorts of brilliant ideas.... I'd finish off scenes and send them to her, get back her notes." Because of the impending WGA strike, Rosenberg worked full-time to finish the screenplay before October 31. In adapting the novel for the screen, she "had to condense a great deal." Some characters were left out, others were combined. "ur intent all along was to stay true to the book," Rosenberg explained, "and it has to do less with adapting it word for word and more with making sure the characters' arcs and emotional journeys are the same." Hardwicke suggested the use of voice over to convey the protagonist's internal dialogue, since the novel is told from Bella's point of view. Meyer, the author, Hardwicke, the director, had a close relationship while developing Twilight. Hardwicke wanted to make the characters in the books come to life.
She would call Meyer after changing a scene which surprised the author because, "I've heard the stories... I know it's not like that when you adapt a book." Meyer, a natural pessimist, was waiting for the worst but, called her experience in the book's film adaptation "the best I could have hoped for."Originally scheduled for release in December 2008, Twilight was moved to a worldwide release of November 21, 2008, after Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince moved from a November 2008 release to being released in July 2009. Kristen Stewart was on the set of Adventureland when Hardwicke visited her for an informal screen test, which "captivated" the director. Hardwicke did not choose Robert Pattinson for the role of Edward Cullen. Meyer allowed Pattinson to view a manuscript of the unfinished Midnight Sun, which chronicles the events in Twilight from Edward's point of view. Meyer was "excited" and "ecstatic" in response to the casting of the two main characters, she had expressed interest in having Emily Browning and Henry Cavill cast as Bella and Edward prior to pre-production.
Peter Facinelli was not cast as Carlisle Cullen: " liked, but there was another actor that the studio was pushing for." For unknown reasons, that actor was not able to play the part, Facinelli was selected in his place. The choice of Ashley Greene to portray Alice Cullen was criticized by some fans because Greene is 7 inches taller than her character as described in the novel. Meyer said. Nikki Reed had worked with Hardwicke on the successful Thirteen, which they co-wrote, Lords of Dogtown. Kellan Lutz was in Africa, shooting the HBO miniseries Generation Kill, when the auditions for the character of Emmett Cullen were conducted; the role had been cast by the time the HBO production ended in December 2007, but the selected actor "fell through". Lutz subsequently auditioned and was flown to Oregon, where Hardwicke chose him. Rachelle Lefèvre wanted a role in the film.