Chalfont, Pennsylvania

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Chalfont, Pennsylvania
Main Street in Chalfont
Main Street in Chalfont
Official seal of Chalfont, Pennsylvania
Seal
Location of Chalfont in Bucks County, Pennsylvania.
Location of Chalfont in Bucks County, Pennsylvania.
Chalfont is located in Pennsylvania
Chalfont
Chalfont
Location of Chalfont in Pennsylvania
Chalfont is located in the United States
Chalfont
Chalfont
Chalfont (the United States)
Coordinates: 40°17′23″N 75°12′37″W / 40.28972°N 75.21028°W / 40.28972; -75.21028Coordinates: 40°17′23″N 75°12′37″W / 40.28972°N 75.21028°W / 40.28972; -75.21028
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyBucks
Purchased1683
Government
 • MayorMarilyn J. Becker
Area
 • Total1.64 sq mi (4.24 km2)
 • Land1.62 sq mi (4.19 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation
272 ft (83 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total4,009
 • Estimate 
(2017)[2]
4,204
 • Density2,598.27/sq mi (1,002.94/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
18914
Area code(s)215 and 267
FIPS code42-12504
Websitewww.chalfontborough.com

Chalfont is a borough with home rule status in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 4,009 at the 2010 census; the borough is served by SEPTA Regional Rail's Lansdale/Doylestown Line at Chalfont station.

Chalfont is named after Chalfont St Giles in Buckinghamshire, England. Chalfont was the home of William Penn's first wife, and William Penn is buried at Jordans Quaker Meeting House near Chalfont St Giles.

The Chalfont Historic District is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and contains many American colonial and Victorian-style houses. Several of these are former residences which are currently occupied by businesses and are concentrated near the intersection of Butler Avenue (U.S. Route 202 Business) and North Main Street (Pennsylvania Route 152) and extend along North Main Street.

Chalfont is located within the Delaware Valley.

Geography[edit]

Chalfont is located at 40°17′23″N 75°12′37″W / 40.28972°N 75.21028°W / 40.28972; -75.21028 (40.289739, −75.210241).[3]

Natural features[edit]

Neshaminy Creek and Pine Run pass through Chalfont.[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.3 km²), all of it land.

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Chalfont has a Hot-summer Humid continental climate (Dfa). Dfa climates are characterized by at least one month having an average mean temperature ≤ 32.0 °F (0.0 °C), at least four months with an average mean temperature ≥ 50.0 °F (10.0 °C), at least one month with an average mean temperature ≥ 71.6 °F (22.0 °C) and no significant precipitation difference between seasons. Although most summer days are slightly humid in Chalfont, episodes of heat and high humidity can occur with heat index values > 106 °F (41 °C). Since 1981, the highest air temperature was 102.7 °F (39.3 °C) on 07/22/2011, and the highest daily average mean dew point was 74.8 °F (23.8 °C) on 08/13/2016. The average wettest month is July which corresponds with the annual peak in thunderstorm activity. Since 1981, the wettest calendar day was 6.81 inches (173 mm) on 09/16/1999. During the winter months, the average annual extreme minimum air temperature is −0.6 °F (−18.1 °C).[5] Since 1981, the coldest air temperature was −11.9 °F (−24.4 °C) on 01/22/1984. Episodes of extreme cold and wind can occur with wind chill values < −11 °F (−24 °C); the average annual snowfall (Nov-Apr) is between 30 inches (76 cm) and 36 inches (91 cm). Ice storms and large snowstorms depositing ≥ 12 inches (30 cm) of snow occur once every few years, particularly during nor’easters from December through February.

Climate data for Chalfont. Elevation: 279 feet (85 m). 1981-2010 Averages (1981-2018 Records).
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 71.0
(21.7)
78.0
(25.6)
87.0
(30.6)
93.7
(34.3)
94.8
(34.9)
95.7
(35.4)
102.7
(39.3)
99.9
(37.7)
97.6
(36.4)
89.2
(31.8)
80.8
(27.1)
75.4
(24.1)
102.7
(39.3)
Average high °F (°C) 39.1
(3.9)
42.3
(5.7)
50.7
(10.4)
62.7
(17.1)
72.7
(22.6)
81.5
(27.5)
85.6
(29.8)
84.0
(28.9)
77.0
(25.0)
65.6
(18.7)
54.6
(12.6)
43.2
(6.2)
63.3
(17.4)
Daily mean °F (°C) 30.3
(−0.9)
33.2
(0.7)
40.8
(4.9)
51.5
(10.8)
61.2
(16.2)
70.4
(21.3)
74.9
(23.8)
73.4
(23.0)
66.0
(18.9)
54.3
(12.4)
44.6
(7.0)
34.7
(1.5)
53.0
(11.7)
Average low °F (°C) 21.6
(−5.8)
24.0
(−4.4)
30.8
(−0.7)
40.3
(4.6)
49.7
(9.8)
59.4
(15.2)
64.3
(17.9)
62.8
(17.1)
54.9
(12.7)
42.9
(6.1)
34.6
(1.4)
26.2
(−3.2)
42.7
(5.9)
Record low °F (°C) −11.9
(−24.4)
−4.3
(−20.2)
2.6
(−16.3)
16.5
(−8.6)
32.8
(0.4)
40.8
(4.9)
47.4
(8.6)
42.0
(5.6)
34.6
(1.4)
23.4
(−4.8)
10.9
(−11.7)
−2.8
(−19.3)
−11.9
(−24.4)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.29
(84)
2.67
(68)
3.77
(96)
3.95
(100)
4.32
(110)
4.26
(108)
4.94
(125)
4.07
(103)
4.46
(113)
4.14
(105)
3.63
(92)
3.94
(100)
47.44
(1,205)
Average relative humidity (%) 66.8 63.4 59.1 58.2 62.5 67.4 67.7 69.9 71.4 70.2 69.1 69.1 66.3
Average dew point °F (°C) 20.6
(−6.3)
22.1
(−5.5)
27.6
(−2.4)
37.3
(2.9)
48.3
(9.1)
59.1
(15.1)
63.5
(17.5)
63.0
(17.2)
56.5
(13.6)
44.8
(7.1)
35.1
(1.7)
25.6
(−3.6)
42.1
(5.6)
Source: PRISM[6]

Ecology[edit]

According to the A. W. Kuchler U.S. potential natural vegetation types, Bristol would have a dominant vegetation type of Appalachian Oak (104) with a dominant vegetation form of Eastern Hardwood Forest (25).[7] The plant hardiness zone is 6b with an average annual extreme minimum air temperature of −0.6 °F (−18.1 °C).[5] The spring bloom typically begins by April 11th and fall color usually peaks by October 30th.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880216
1910303
19203174.6%
193055073.5%
194067021.8%
195082823.6%
19601,41070.3%
19702,36667.8%
19802,80218.4%
19903,0699.5%
20003,90027.1%
20104,0092.8%
Est. 20174,204[2]4.9%
Sources:[8][9][10]

As of the 2010 census, the borough was 92.7% Non-Hispanic White, 1.4% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 3.0% Asian, and 0.8% were two or more races. 1.7% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry [1].

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 3,977 people, 1,382 households, and 1,039 families residing in the borough; the population density was 2,365.8 people per square mile (912.6/km²). There were 1,404 housing units at an average density of 851.7 per square mile (328.5/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 95.56% White, 1.15% African American, 0.08% Native American, 1.49% Asian, 0.05% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.25% of the population.

There were 1,382 households, out of which 40.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.2% were married couples living together, 6.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.8% were non-families. 19.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.25.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 29.1% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 34.9% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 8.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.4 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $63,491, and the median income for a family was $70,592. Males had a median income of $51,139 versus $30,842 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $26,248. About 1.1% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.4% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit]

Originally, the Lenape Indians dwelled in present-day Chalfont. In 1683, William Penn signed a treaty with the local chief and parceled the land to the Free Society of Traders. In 1720, Simon Butler bought over 150 acres of land, including the "Village of Chalfont." After the construction of his home and mill, Butler bought more than 400 more acres of land. Butler was a giant historical figure who acted as a legal and economic powerhouse in the area. After his death, the land was parceled to a number of people. Since then and 1901, Chalfont has been named a number of things including Butler's Mill, Kungle's Tavern, Barndtsville, and Whitehallville. For many years, the most important building in the area was the tavern and public house, which has burnt down many times and now stands as the Pop Inn. During the Victorian era, a train-station was built which helped the community grow and brought about the construction of the many Victorian houses.

In 1885, Chalfont established Forest Park. Forest park started out as a small picnic ground where music could be played; the appearance of the train station in Chalfont assured the park's success. However, as the park grew it became a small amusement park where local people could enjoy rides, a large swimming pool built in the 1930s, music (including string bands in the 1940s) and as the hosting ground for many company picnics; the park closed its doors forever in 1968.[11]

George Eckhart later owned the Butler's mill which burned in 1835, he built a larger mill. Later Eckhart's son Martin inherited the mill and his other son inherited the farm. Part of the farmland included an woods of mostly oak locally known as Eckhart's Grove which was frequently used for dance parties, family gatherings, religious camp meetings and Sunday School picnics. Later, in 1885 the mill was owned by Philip B. Grove who leased it to Valentine B. Clymer and Matthew S. Cogan when it burned again and was never rebuilt. Another gristmill was built in 1793 not far from Bulter's mill first operated by men named Miller and Evans, later by Francis D. Hartzel, two of his sons succeeded him. After a fire in 1878, the mill was rebuilt and much of the machinery replaced. About 1761, Henry Lewis built a stone tavern operated by George Kungle during the Revolutionary period. Chalfont was known as Kungles Tavern. After Kungle, the tavern was later owned consecutively by James Morris, Lewis Morris, Abner Morris, then John Barndt from Tylersport; the village was then known as Barndtsville. William Stevens had a store on the south bank of the West Branch Neshaminy Creek and opened a post office in 1845. Chalfont was then known as Whitehallville. In 1869, the North Pennsylvania Railroad changed the name of the station to Chalfont. Sometime before 1885, the farm inherited by Charles Eckhart was purchased by Isaac Funk. On 27 June 1885, Funk opened the Forest Park on the grounds of the Eckhart's Grove. Guest speakers were attorneys from Doylestown J. Freeman Hendricks and John D. James. Music was provided by the Chalfont Cornet Band. On 20 June 1778, detachments of George Washington's army passed through the West Branch Neshaminy Creek and the North Branch Neshaminy Creek as they travelled from their camp at Valley Forge to Monmouth.[4]

Notable people[edit]

Bobby Shantz, 1952 American League Most Valuable Player, operated a popular bowling alley and diner with baseball players Joe Astroth and Shantz's brother, Billy Shantz; the Pit-Catcher, aptly named after the combination of Bobby's career as baseball pitcher and Joe & Billy's careers as catchers, was a popular meeting place for Chalfont residents of all ages. The Pit-Catcher displayed Bobby's golden gloves, MVP trophy, and other baseball memorabilia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  4. ^ a b MacReynolds, George, Place Names in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, Doylestown, Bucks County Historical Society, Doylestown, PA, 1942
  5. ^ a b "USDA Interactive Plant Hardiness Map". United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved August 29, 2019.
  6. ^ "PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University". Retrieved August 29, 2019.
  7. ^ "U.S. Potential Natural Vegetation, Original Kuchler Types, v2.0 (Spatially Adjusted to Correct Geometric Distortions)". Retrieved September 30, 2019.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  9. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  10. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 17, 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  11. ^ A History of Chalfont (1977) by the Chalfont Borough Bicentennial Committee

External links[edit]