Cham calendar

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The Cham calendar (Cham language: sakawi) is a lunar calendar used by the Cham people of Vietnam since ancient times.

System[edit]

The names of the days of the Cham week were derived from their Sanskrit names used in the traditional Hindu calendar.

Day Cham language: Haray
Sunday Adit
Monday Som
Tuesday Angar
Wednesday But
Thursday Jip
Friday Suk
Saturday Sanâchăr

The length of the month: the full month has 30 days (Cham language: balan tapăk) and the hollow month has 29 days (Cham language: balan u).

Month Cham language: Balan
1st month Balan sa
2nd month Balan dua
3rd month Balan Klau
4th month Balan pak
5th month Balan limâ
6th month Balan năm
7th month Balan tijuh
8th month Balan dalipăn
9th month Balan salipăn
10th month Balan sapluh
11th month Balan puis
12th month Balan mak

Cham zodiac[edit]

The Cham zodiac is similar to the Chinese zodiac in its usage and arrangement of animals, but replaces the Monkey with the turtle (kra).

Cham zodiac animal sign Cham language: anuk nuthăk Characteristic
Rat Tikuh 2 dragons look for food- 2 dragons go out- 2 dragons take water and make rain. February, March, October: sunny, dewy. Early June: rainy. September, November: rainfall is low. Creatures multiply. Bumper crop of rice. Easy to be taken ill for people.[citation needed]
Buffalo Kabao 2 dragons stay at home- 3 dragons take water and make rain. February, March: rainy. April: rainfall is low. June: dewy. July: rainfall is high. Bumper secondary crop. Epidemic disease of people and cattle.[citation needed]
Tiger Rimaong 1 dragon is ill- 6 dragons take water and make rain. January, February: sunny. March, April: rainy. July, August: early:sunny, lately: rainy. September: rainy. Bumper secondary crop. Several of little disturbances.[citation needed]
Rabbit Tapai 4 dragons are ill- 2 dragons stay at home- 6 dragons take water and make rain. January, March, August: rainy. July: sunny. September: flood. Bumper crop of fruit. Epidemic disease.[citation needed]
Dragon Inâgirai 8 dragons are ill- 2 dragons take water and make rain. Flood. Bumper of fruit and seafood. Insects harm crop. Epidemic disease, many people died. Disturbance; the court worries.[citation needed]
Snake Ula aneh 1 dragon is ill- 2 dragons stay at home- 6 dragons take water and make rain. February, August, November, December: little rain. April, June: much rain. Bumper secondary crop. Many cattle died.[citation needed]
Horse Asêh 2 dragons stay at home- 2 dragons take water and make rain. January, February: rainy. July: sunny. Bumper crop of rice and secondary crop. Epidemic disease for people and cattle.[citation needed]
Goat Pabê 2 dragons are ill- 2 dragons stay at home- 3 dragons take water and make rain. January: sunny. February, March, April, June: little rain. Lately July: much rain, strong wind. August, September: rats harm crop. October: rainy.[citation needed]
Turtle Kra 2 dragons are ill- 2 dragons stay at home- 2 dragons take water and make rain. February: bumper of rice and secondary crop. March, April: worry, died.[citation needed]
Chicken Mânuk 4 dragons are ill- 2 dragon take water and make rain. February, April, June: little rain, poor crop; the weather is unusual. Hurricane. Worrying.[citation needed]
Dog Asau 3 dragons are ill- 1 dragon stay at home- 3 dragons take water and make rain. January, February: rainy. Early July, August, September: rainy. Bumper secondary crop. Peaceful. Several of epidemic diseases.[citation needed]
Pig Babuai 5 dragons are ill- 2 dragons stay at home- 2 dragons take water and make rain. February: much rain. March, April, July, August: sunny. June: strong wind. September, October: flood. Trees are withered. Disturbances.[citation needed]

Further reading[edit]