Stumped is a method of dismissal in cricket. The action of stumping can only be performed by a wicket-keeper and, according to the Laws of Cricket, a batsman can be given out stumped if: the wicket-keeper puts down the wicket, while the batsman is: out of his ground. Being "out of his ground" is defined as not having any part of the batsman's body or his bat touching the ground behind the crease – i.e. if his bat is elevated from the floor despite being behind the crease, or if his foot is on the crease line itself but not across it and touching the ground behind it he would be considered out. One of the fielding team must appeal for the wicket by asking the umpire; the appeal is directed to the square-leg umpire, who would be in the best position to adjudicate on the appeal. Stumping is the fifth most common form of dismissal after caught, leg before wicket and run out, though it is seen more in Twenty20 cricket because of its more aggressive batting, it is governed by Law 39 of the Laws of Cricket.
It is seen with a medium or slow bowler, as with fast bowlers a wicket-keeper takes the ball too far back from the wicket to attempt a stumping. It includes co-operation between a bowler and wicket-keeper: the bowler draws the batsman out of his ground, the wicket-keeper catches and breaks the wicket before the batsman realises he has missed the ball and makes his ground, i.e. places the bat or part of his body on the ground back behind the popping crease. If the bails are removed before the wicket-keeper has the ball, the batsman can still be stumped if the wicket-keeper removes one of the stumps from the ground, while holding the ball in his hand; the bowler is credited for the batsman's wicket, the wicket-keeper is credited for the dismissal. A batsman may be out stumped off a wide delivery but cannot be stumped off a no-ball as bowler is credited for the wicket. Notes: The popping crease is defined as the back edge of the crease marking (i.e. the edge closer to the wicket. Therefore, a batsman whose bat or foot is on the crease marking, but does not touch the ground behind the crease marking, can be stumped.
This is quite common. The wicket must be properly put down in accordance with Law 28 of the Laws of cricket: using either the ball itself or a hand or arm, in possession of the ball. Note that since the ball itself can put down the wicket, a stumping is still valid if the ball rebounds from the'keeper and breaks the wicket though never controlled by him; the wicket-keeper must allow the ball to pass the stumps before taking it, unless it has touched either the batsman or his bat first. If the wicket-keeper fails to do this, the delivery is a "no-ball", the batsman cannot be stumped
Panadura is a large town in Kalutara District, Western Province in Sri Lanka. It is located 27 km south of the capital Colombo and is surrounded on all sides by water. Panadura is famed as the revival town of Buddhism; the Panadura Debate, held in 1873, was the climax of the first phase of the Buddhist revivalist movement which began with the establishment of the Society for the Propagation of Buddhism at Kotahena and the establishment of the Lankopakara Press in Galle. The two key persons in the Panadura Debate were Migettuwatte Gunananda Thera and Father David de Silva and the two key institutions were the Rankoth Viharaya and the Methodist Church of Panadura, it was the success of the Panadura Debate that prompted Colonel Henry Steel Olcott to come to Ceylon. Rail Panadura station is located further east of the town serviced by the Colombo - Matara line. Bus Due to Panadura being situated along Galle Rd, it is serviced by many bus routes terminating at Panadura as well as ones heading further south.
Local Bus routes terminating at Panadura: Bus routes heading through Panadura to/from Colombo: 02 - Ambalangoda / Galle / Matara 32 - Tangalle / Kataragama 24 - Awittawa / Udugama 60 - Morawaka / Middeniya / Akuressa / Deniyaya 393/3 - Baddegama 400 - Aluthgama 400/1 - Kalutara 401 - Elpitiya 412 - Meegama 428 - Walallawita 430 - Mathugama 433/4 - Agalawatta 434 - Dartonfield 435 - Pelawatta 435/1 - Rathmale "Kethumathi" is the 4th largest Hospital in Sri Lanka dedicated for Obstetrics and Gynecology situated at the heart of Panadura town just 10m from Galle-Colombo A2 road. This hospital is bed capacity of 300 beds. A grade-1 Base Hospital situated near the Panadura Police station facing A2 road. Apart from this there are wide range of health care facilities run by the Government. St. Johns College Panadura Sri Sumangala College Sri Sumangala Balika Maha Vidyalaya Lyceum International School Panadura Leeds International School Panadura Walana Mahanama Maha Vidyalaya Agamathi Balika Vidyalaya Panadura Bauddhaloka Maha Vidyalaya Panadura Good Shepherd Convent Pandura Panadura Balika Vidyalaya Panadura Panadura Royal College St. John's Panadura Nalluruwa Siri Seevali Maha Vidyalaya ST’ Anthony’s Boys School ST’ Anthony’s Girls School Pinwatta Maha Vidyalaya Jeramies Dias Kanishta Vidyalaya Kuruppumulla Sri Prakrama Vidyalaya Dibbedda Gunawardena Kanishta Vidyalaya Upadya Kanishta Vidyalaya Bekkegama Kanishta Vidyalaya Methodis’t Primary School Malamulla Maha Vidyalaya Thotawatta Al Fahriya central Muslim madya maha vidyalaya Ikra international college House Of Scholars Celestina Dias - Entrepreneur and philanthropist Prof.
Gunapala Piyasena Malalasekera - Sri Lankan academic and diplomat Dr. Premasiri Khemadasa - Music director,composer Arthur V. Dias - A planter by profession he is known as "Kos Mama" Dr. Nalin de Silva - Theoretical physicist, philosopher and a political analyst. Prof. Ravindra Fernando- Forensic Pathologist, Toxicologist Physician and academic. Leslie Goonewardena - One of the founders of the Lanka Sama Samaja Party Wilmot A. Perera - Statesman and Diplomat Prasanna Withanage - Film Director Ravindra Pushpakumara - International Cricketer Charitha Buddhika - International Cricketer Chamara Silva - International Cricketer Don Anurasiri - International Cricketer Dilruwan Perera - International Cricketer Dilruwan Perera - International Cricketer Akila Dananjaya - International Cricketer Kalum Srimal - Media Presenter / song lyricist Priyantha Senevirathne - Actor Anil Bharathi - Singer Punsiri Soyza - Singer Irene De Alwis - Singer Mohomed Dilshad -first class cricketer Article on Colonel Olcott and the revival of Buddhism in Sri Lanka
Kumar Sangakkara is a Sri Lankan cricket commentator and former cricketer and captain of the Sri Lankan national team. He is regarded as one of the world's most influential cricketers and one of the greatest batsmen of all-time. Sangakkara has forged many formidable partnerships with long time teammate and friend, Mahela Jayawardene and holds numerous batting records in the modern era across all formats of the game, he scored 28,016 runs in international cricket across all formats in a career. A left-handed top-order batsman, he is a record-breaking wicket-keeper, although he no longer kept wicket at the end of his Test career, he is the second-highest run-scorer in ODI cricket and the sixth-highest run scorer in Test cricket. Sangakkara is described as one of the "prudent of batsmen" in cricket, he dominated the number one spot in the ICC Test batting rankings between 2005 and 2015. Sangakkara was a key member of the team that won the 2014 ICC World Twenty20 and was part of the team that made the final of the 2007 Cricket World Cup, 2011 Cricket World Cup, 2009 ICC World Twenty20 and 2012 ICC World Twenty20.
He won the Man of the Match award in the final of the 2014 ICC World Twenty20, where he helped the team win their first title. He was the youngest person and the first active international player to deliver the MCC Spirit of Cricket Cowdrey Lecture, praised by the cricketing community for its outspoken nature. In terms of a number of innings required, Sangakkara is the fastest batsman to reach 8,000, 9,000, 11,000 and 12,000 runs in Test cricket, he is joint fastest to 10,000. He won the ICC Cricketer of the Year in 2012, Test Cricketer of the Year in 2012, ODI Cricketer of the Year multiple times in 2011 and 2013, he has won the LG People's Choice Award twice, in 2011 and 2012. Sangakkara has featured in the World Test XI and World ODI XI, appearing six times and three times in them, respectively, he was selected as Leading Cricketer in the World in the 2015 edition of Wisden. He was named the Wisden Leading Cricketer in the World in 2011 and 2015, he is one of two players to have won this award twice, along with Indian opener Virender Sehwag, who won the award in 2008 and 2009.
Sangakkara was rated as the Greatest ODI player of all time in a public poll conducted by Cricket Australia in 2016. On 29 January 2015, Sangakkara became Sri Lanka's highest ODI run scorer, surpassing the previous record of 13,430 runs held by Sanath Jayasuriya. In the same match, he broke the record for ODI wicketkeeping dismissals, breaking the previous record of 472 held by Adam Gilchrist. Sangakkara was born to Anuska Surangana and Swarnakumara Sangakkara, an attorney-at-law at Matale, Sri Lanka in 1977, his parents settled in Kandy. Sangakkara received his primary and secondary education at Trinity College, Kandy, an independent elite private boys' school situated in the central highlands of Sri Lanka, he has two sisters: Thushari and Saranga, an elder brother: Vemindra, all who have made national-level achievements during their schooling. Sangakkara began to play a number of sports: badminton, swimming, table tennis and cricket at the junior school, he was able to win national colours activities for tennis at a young age.
The principal of the Trinity College, Leonard de Alwis, advised his mother to encourage Sangakkara to concentrate on cricket. His parents hid Tamil families during the Black July riots in 1983, he represented his school's under-13 cricket XI under coach Upananda Jayasundera. Berty Wijesinghe coached Sangakkara for under-17, under-19 and first XI squads, he was awarded The Trinity Lion, the most prestigious prize awarded to a Trinity sportsman, for his exceptional batting and wicket-keeping skills in the 1996 season, at the age of 19. Sangakkara was selected to represent Sri Lankan A cricket team's tour to South Africa in 1998–99, his knock of an unbeaten 156 against Zimbabwe A team during a one-day match, helped him secure a place in the Sri Lankan national cricket team that year. Sanga was the Senior Prefect of school, he did his Advanced Level examination in the Arts stream in 1996, he was awarded the highest honor of Trinity College, the Ryde Gold Medal, for the best all-round student in his year.
Following his father, a lawyer in Kandy, he entered the Law Faculty of the University of Colombo, but was unable to finish his degree due to his cricketing commitments. Sangakkara played the violin during his school days, he was cited as an inspiration to continue his higher education by Bangladeshi captain Mushfiqur Rahim, upon receiving his master's degree. At the age of 22 Sangakkara made his Test debut on 20 July 2000, keeping wicket in the first fixture of a three-match series against South Africa. Sri Lanka won the match and in his side's only innings Sangakarra batted at the fall of the third wicket and scored 23 runs before he was dismissed leg before wicket by spin bowler Nicky Boje, he made 35 runs in his One-day cricket debut against Pakistan and he received his first man of the match award in the 2nd match of the Singer Triangular Series, 2000, scoring 85 runs against South Africa. He ended the series with 199 runs, at an average of 66.33, securing his place for the upcoming Test series against South Africa.
Before reaching his first Test century, he was twice dismissed in the 90s, once against each of South Africa and England. In August 2001, India toured Sri Lanka for three Tests and in the opening match Sangakkara scored his first century, his innings of 105 not out at number three helped set up a ten-wicket victory for Sri Lanka. That year Sangakkara scored his sec
Australia national cricket team
The Australia national cricket team is the joint oldest team in Test cricket history, having played in the first Test match in 1877. The team plays One-Day International and Twenty20 International cricket, participating in both the first ODI, against England in the 1970–71 season and the first T20I, against New Zealand in the 2004–05 season, winning both games; the team draws its players from teams playing in the Australian domestic competitions – the Sheffield Shield, the Australian domestic limited-overs cricket tournament and the Big Bash League. The national team has played 820 Test matches, winning 386, losing 222, drawing 210 and tying 2; as of March 2019, Australia is ranked fourth in the ICC Test Championship on 104 rating points. Australia is the most successful team in Test cricket history, in terms of overall wins, win-loss ratio and wins percentage; the Australian cricket team has played 932 ODI matches, winning 566, losing 323, tying 9 and with 34 ending in a no-result. As of March 2019, Australia is ranked fifth in the ICC ODI Championship on 102 rating points, though have been ranked first for 141 of 185 months since its introduction in 2002.
Australia have made a record seven World Cup final appearances and have won the World Cup a record five times in total. Australia is the first team to appear in four consecutive World Cup finals, surpassing the old record of three consecutive World Cup appearances by the West Indies and the first team to win 3 consecutive World Cups; the team was undefeated in 34 consecutive World Cup matches until 19 March at the 2011 Cricket World Cup where Pakistan beat them by 4 wickets. It is the second team to win a World Cup on home soil, after India. Australia have won the ICC Champions Trophy twice making them the first and the only team to become back to back winners in the Champions Trophy tournaments; the national team has played 116 Twenty20 International matches, winning 60, losing 52, tying 2 and with 2 ending in a no-result. As of March 2019, Australia is ranked third in the ICC T20I Championship on 120 rating points. Additionally, the team made the final of the 2010 ICC World Twenty20. On 12 January 2019, Australia won the first ODI against India at the Sydney Cricket Ground by 34 runs, to record their 1,000th win in international cricket.
The Australian cricket team participated in the first Test match at the MCG in 1877, defeating an English team by 45 runs, with Charles Bannerman making the first Test century, a score of 165 retired hurt. Test cricket, which only occurred between Australia and England at the time, was limited by the long distance between the two countries, which would take several months by sea. Despite Australia's much smaller population, the team was competitive in early games, producing stars such as Jack Blackham, Billy Murdoch, Fred "The Demon" Spofforth, George Bonnor, Percy McDonnell, George Giffen and Charles "The Terror" Turner. Most cricketers at the time were either from New South Wales or Victoria, with the notable exception of George Giffen, the star South Australian all-rounder. A highlight of Australia's early history was the 1882 Test match against England at The Oval. In this match, Fred Spofforth took 7/44 in the game's fourth innings to save the match by preventing England from making their 85-run target.
After this match The Sporting Times, a major newspaper in London at the time, printed a mock obituary in which the death of English cricket was proclaimed and the announcement made that "the body was cremated and the ashes taken to Australia." This was the start of the famous Ashes series in which Australia and England play a series of Test matches to decide the holder of the Ashes. To this day, the contest is one of the fiercest rivalries in sport; the so-called'Golden Age' of Australian Test cricket occurred around the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, with the team under the captaincy of Joe Darling, Monty Noble and Clem Hill winning eight of ten tours. It is considered to have lasted from the 1897–98 English tour of Australia and the 1910–11 South African tour of Australia. Outstanding batsmen such as Joe Darling, Clem Hill, Reggie Duff, Syd Gregory, Warren Bardsley and Victor Trumper, brilliant all-rounders including Monty Noble, George Giffen, Harry Trott and Warwick Armstrong and excellent bowlers including Ernie Jones, Hugh Trumble, Tibby Cotter, Bill Howell, Jack Saunders and Bill Whitty, all helped Australia to become the dominant cricketing nation for most of this period.
Victor Trumper became one of Australia's first sporting heroes, was considered Australia's greatest batsman before Bradman and one of the most popular players. He played a record number of Tests at 49 and scored 3163 runs at a high for the time average of 39.04. His early death in 1915 at the age of 37 from kidney disease caused national mourning; the Wisden Cricketers' Almanack, in its obituary for him, called him Australia's greatest batsman: "Of all the great Australian batsmen Victor Trumper was by general consent the best and most brilliant."The years leading up to the start of World War I were marred by conflict between the players, led by Clem Hill, Victor Trumper and Frank Laver, the Australian Board of Control for International Cricket, led by Peter McAlister, attempting to gain more control of tours from the players. This led to six leading players walking out on the 1912 Triangular Tournament in England, with Australia fielding what was considered a second-rate side; this was the last series before the war, no more cricket was played by A
Tillakaratne Mudiyanselage Dilshan is a former Sri Lankan cricketer and former captain of the Sri Lanka national cricket team. As the best rated Sri Lankan player in run-chases in ODI history, he is regarded as one of the most innovative batsmen of all time. Dilshan is considered to be a rare example of a cricketer with notable skills in all aspects of the game, who can bat, bowl and keep wicket, he is an aggressive right-hand batsman who invented the scoop, which has come to be known as the Dilscoop, a shot that hits the ball over the keeper. Apart from being an opening batsman, he is a capable off-break bowler. Energetic in the field, he plays at the point region. Dilshan made his Test and ODI debut during the Sri Lankan cricket team's tour to Zimbabwe in 1999, he is the second cap for Sri Lanka in Twenty20 Internationals. He is the first cricketer in the history of the game to score hundreds in all formats as a captain. Dilshan won the Twenty20 International Performance of the Year award at the 2009 ICC Awards for his 96 off 57 ball shots against West Indies in the semi-final of the 2009 ICC World Twenty20 in England.
He won the man of the series trophy for his individual batting performances in the 2009 ICC World Twenty20 tournament. He was a key member of the team that won the 2014 ICC World Twenty20 and was part of the team that made the finals of 2007 Cricket World Cup, 2011 Cricket World Cup, 2009 ICC World Twenty20 and 2012 ICC World Twenty20, he is the fourth Sri Lankan, eleventh player overall to score 10,000 ODI runs. Being the third overall and first Sri Lankan to score 1,500 runs in Twenty20 Internationals, he is the first player to hit 200 fours in T20Is. Dilshan scored 1000 or more ODI runs in a calendar year four times and never failed to amass fewer than 800 runs in any calendar year between 2009 and 2015. Dilshan was under-estimated in the cricket world as an ordinary player when he batted at number 6 and 7, unlike his revered teammates Mahela Jayawardene and Kumar Sangakkara; when he gained the opening batting position, Dilshan became one of the finest cricketers in the world and a legend in modern cricketing history.
His quick progression can be seen in his stats: after he moved to the opening position, he scored 21 ODI centuries and all his Test and T20I centuries. In August 2016, Dilshan announced that he would retire from both ODI and T20I cricket at the end of the series against Australia, he retired from ODI cricket on 28 August 2016 and from T20I cricket on 9 September 2016. Dilshan was born on 14 October 1976 to a Malay father and a Sinhalese mother, he was educated at Jaffna Sinhala Madya Maha Vidyalaya in Jaffna for a few years, at the Kalutara Vidyalaya, where he started his cricket career as a teenager. Dilshan converted from Islam to Buddhism at the age of 16, was known as Tuwan Mohammad Dilshan before his conversion, his childhood coach Ranjan Paranavitana stated that though Dilshan had a Muslim name, he and his siblings followed their mother's religion during their childhood and changed his religion and name after his parents separated. Dilshan was married to Nilanka Vithanage. After divorcing Dilshan, Nilanka filed a lawsuit over child alimony.
He was issued with a notice to appear in court after the 2011 Cricket World Cup, but he refused some of these notices. The case was settled with Dilshan to pay about 200,000 LKR each month for his ex-wife and his son; the court case was opened again in 2017. On 24 April 2017, Colombo Magistrate Courts issued an arrest warrant to Dilshan due to his absence in the Court. However, Dilshan appeared on court on 25 April 2017. Dilshan is now married to Sri Lankan teledrama actress Manjula Thilini, their marriage was celebrated in India during the 2008 IPL series. Dilshan has two sons from this marriage, their eldest daughter is Resandi Linama Tillakaratne, second is Lasadi Dihasansa Tillakaratne. Their elder son is Dihela Dinhath Tillakaratne, younger son was born in 2017. Dilshan's brother, Tillakaratne Sampath, is a first-class cricketer in Sri Lanka. Dilshan is a popular icon at home, participated in many local events and television programs, he was appointed as a special judge in Sirasa Superstar, Generation 4.
He participated in a number of entertainment shows, due to his wife's status as a popular Sri Lankan actress. With the invention of his masterstroke play-Dilscoop, Dilshan models his fashion line with the name'Dil Scoop'. On 23 October 2014, Dilshan opened a small-scale luxury hotel, named as "Hotel ‘D Pavilion Inn’", situated at Stafford Lane in Kirulapana; the hotel was opened in the presence of the former president of Mahinda Rajapakse. After retiring from international cricket and his wife released a video song titled Hema Sansaraye. Dilshan made his television debut in an episode of Kopi Kade drama on 5 April 2017, he acts alongside his wife in the teleplay Mithuu, broadcast by Independent Television Network. And is one of the three judges of Sri Lanka's Got Talent reality program conducted by Sirasa TV. Dilshan first played against Zimbabwe on 18 November 1999 at Bulawayo, he was out LBW to a delivery off Henry Olonga. However, Dilshan managed to score his maiden test century at the Harare Sports Club in the second test between Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe.
He scored an unbeaten 163 runs in the first innings and was awarded the player of the match award for his role in the Sri Lankan victory. Dilshan achieved his highest test score in England, where he scored 193 runs in the second test at the Lord's cricket ground, against England
In cricket, the term wicket has several meanings. Firstly, it is one of two bails at either end of the pitch; the wicket is guarded by a batsman who, with his bat, attempts to prevent the ball from hitting the wicket. Secondly, through metonymic usage, the dismissal of a batsman is known as the taking of a wicket, thirdly, the cricket pitch itself is sometimes called the wicket; the origin of the word is from a small gate. Cricket wickets had only two stumps and one bail and looked like a gate; the third stump was introduced in 1775. The size and shape of the wicket has changed several times during the last 300 years and its dimensions and placing is now determined by Law 8 in the Laws of Cricket, thus: Law 8: The wickets; the wicket consists of three wooden stumps. The stumps are placed along the batting crease with equal distances between each stump, they are positioned. Two wooden bails are placed in shallow grooves on top of the stumps; the bails must not project more than 0.5 inches above the stumps, must, for men's cricket, be 4.31 inches long.
There are specified lengths for the barrel and spigots of the bail. There are different specifications for the bails for junior cricket; the umpires may dispense with the bails. Further details on the specifications of the wickets are contained in Appendix D to the laws. For a batsman to be dismissed by being bowled, run out, stumped or hit wicket, his wicket needs to be put down. What this means is defined by Law 29. A wicket is put down if a bail is removed from the top of the stumps, or a stump is struck out of the grounds by the ball, the striker's bat, the striker's person, a fielder. A 2010 amendment to the Laws clarified the rare circumstance where a bat breaks during the course of a shot and the detached debris breaks the wicket; the wicket is put down if a fielder pulls a stump out of the ground in the same manner. If one bail is off, removing the remaining bail or striking or pulling any of the three stumps out of the ground is sufficient to put the wicket down. A fielder may remake the wicket, if necessary, in order to put it down to have an opportunity of running out a batsman.
If however both bails are off, a fielder must remove one of the three stumps out of the ground with the ball, or pull it out of the ground with a hand or arm, provided that the ball is held in the hand or hands so used, or in the hand of the arm so used. If the umpires have agreed to dispense with bails, for example, it is too windy for the bails to remain on the stumps, the decision as to whether the wicket has been put down is one for the umpire concerned to decide. After a decision to play without bails, the wicket has been put down if the umpire concerned is satisfied that the wicket has been struck by the ball, by the striker's bat, person, or items of his clothing or equipment separated from his person as described above, or by a fielder with the hand holding the ball or with the arm of the hand holding the ball; the dismissal of a batsman is known as the taking of a wicket. The batsman is said to have lost his wicket, the batting side is said to have lost a wicket, the fielding side to have taken a wicket, the bowler is said to have taken his wicket, if the dismissal is one of the types for which the bowler receives credit.
This language is used if the dismissal did not involve the stumps and bails in any way, for example, a catch. Though note that the other four of the five most common methods of dismissal do involve the stumps and bails being put down, or prevented from being put down by the batsman; the word wicket has this meaning in the following contexts: A team's score is described in terms of the total number of runs scored and the total number of wickets lost. The number of wickets taken is a primary measure of a individual bowler's ability, a key part of a bowling analysis; the sequence of time over which two particular batsmen bat together, a partnership, is referred to as a numbered wicket when discriminating it from other partnerships in the innings. The first wicket partnership is from the start of the innings until the team loses its first wicket, i.e. one of the first two batsmen is dismissed. The second wicket partnership is from when the third batsman starts batting until the team loses its second wicket, i.e. a second batsman is dismissed.
Etc... The tenth wicket or last wicket partnership is from when the eleventh batsman starts batting until the team loses its tenth wicket, i.e. a tenth batsman is dismissed. A team can win a match by a certain number of wickets; this means that they were batting last, reached the winning target with a certain number of batsmen still not dismissed. For example, if the side scored the required number of runs to win with only three batsmen dismissed, they are said to have won by seven wickets; the word wicket is sometimes used to refer to the cricket pitch itself. According to the Laws of Cricket, this usage is incorrect, but it is in common usage and understood by cricket followers; the term sticky wicket refers to a situation in which the pitch has become damp due to rain or high humidity. This makes the path of the ball more unpredictable thus making the
New Zealand national cricket team
The New Zealand national cricket team, nicknamed the Black Caps, played their first Test in 1930 against England in Christchurch, becoming the fifth country to play Test cricket. From 1930 New Zealand had to wait until 1956, more than 26 years, for its first Test victory, against the West Indies at Eden Park in Auckland, they played their first ODI in the 1972–73 season against Pakistan in Christchurch. The current Test, One-day and Twenty20 captain is Kane Williamson, who replaced Brendon McCullum who announced his retirement in late December 2015; the national team is organised by New Zealand Cricket. The New Zealand cricket team became known as the Black Caps in January 1998, after its sponsor at the time, Clear Communications, held a competition to choose a name for the team. Official New Zealand Cricket sources typeset the nickname as BLACKCAPS; this is one of many national team nicknames related to the All Blacks. As of 12 March 2019, New Zealand have played 1309 Internationals, winning 496, losing 594, tying 11 and drawing 165 matches while 43 matches ended yielding no result.
The team is ranked 2nd in Tests, 3rd in ODIs and 6th in T20Is by the ICC. New Zealand defeated South Africa in the semi final of Cricket World Cup 2015, their first win in the a world cup semi final and hence they made their maiden appearance in a World Cup Final; the reverend Henry Williams provided history with the first report of a game of cricket in New Zealand, when he wrote in his diary in December 1832 about boys in and around Paihia on Horotutu Beach playing cricket. In 1835, Charles Darwin and HMS Beagle called into the Bay of Islands on its epic circumnavigation of the Earth and Darwin witnessed a game of cricket played by freed Māori slaves and the son of a missionary at Waimate North. Darwin in The Voyage of the Beagle wrote: several young men redeemed by the missionaires from slavery were employed on the farm. In the evening I saw a party of them at cricket; the first recorded game of cricket in New Zealand took place in Wellington in December 1842. The Wellington Spectator reports a game on 28 December 1842 played by a "Red" team and a "Blue" team from the Wellington Club.
The first recorded match was reported by the Examiner in Nelson between the Surveyors and Nelson in March 1844. The first team to tour New Zealand was Parr's all England XI in 1863–64. Between 1864 and 1914, 22 foreign teams toured New Zealand. England sent Australia 15 and one from Fiji. On 15–17 February 1894 the first team representing New Zealand played New South Wales at Lancaster Park in Christchurch. New South Wales won by 160 runs. New South Wales returned again in 1895–96 and New Zealand won the solitary game by 142 runs, its first victory; the New Zealand Cricket Council was formed towards the end of 1894. New Zealand played its first two internationals in 1904–05 against a star-studded Australia team containing such players as Victor Trumper, Warwick Armstrong and Clem Hill. Rain saved New Zealand from a thrashing in the first match, but not the second, which New Zealand lost by an innings and 358 runs – the second largest defeat in New Zealand first-class history. In 1927 NZ toured England.
They played 26 first class matches against county sides. They managed to beat Worcestershire, Glamorgan and Derbyshire. On the strength of the performances of this tour New Zealand was granted Test status. In 1929/30 the M. C. C played 4 Tests all of 3 days in duration. New Zealand lost its first Test match but drew the next 3. In the second Test Stewie Dempster and Jackie Mills put on 276 for the first wicket; this is still the highest partnership for New Zealand against England. New Zealand first played South Africa in 1931–32 in a three match series but were unable to secure Test matches against any teams other than England before World War II ended all Test cricket for 7 years. A Test tour by Australia, planned for February and March 1940, was cancelled after the outbreak of the war. New Zealand's first Test after the war was against Australia in 1945/46; this game was not considered a "Test" at the time but it was granted Test status retrospectively by the International Cricket Council in March 1948.
The New Zealand players who appeared in this match did not appreciate this move by the ICC as New Zealand were dismissed for 42 and 54. The New Zealand Cricket Council's unwillingness to pay Australian players a decent allowance to tour New Zealand ensured that this was the only Test Australia played against New Zealand between 1929 and 1972. In 1949 New Zealand sent one of its best sides to England, it contained Martin Donnelly, John R. Reid and Jack Cowie. However, 3-day Test matches ensured. Many have regarded the 1949 tour of England among New Zealand's best touring performances. All four tests were high-scoring despite being draws and Martin Donnelly's 206 at Lord's hailed as one of the finest innings seen there. Despite being winless, New Zealand did not lose a test either. Prior to this, only the legendary 1948 Australian team, led by the great Don Bradman, had achieved this. New Zealand played its first matches against the West Indies in 1951–52, Pakistan and India in 1955/56. In 1954/55 New Zealand recorded the lowest innings total, 26 against England.
The following season New Zealand achieved its first Test victory. The first 3 Tests of a 4 Test series were won by the West Indies but New Zealand won the fourth to notch up its first Test victory, it had taken them 26 years to attain. In the next 20 years New Zealand won only seven more Tests. For most of this period New Zealand lacked a class bowler to lead their attack although they had two excellent batsmen in Bert Sutcliffe and Glenn Turner and a great all-rounder in John R. Reid. Reid capt