U.S. Route 45
U. S. Route 45 is a major north–south United States highway and a border-to-border route, from Lake Superior to the Gulf of Mexico. A sign at the highway's northern terminus notes the total distance as 1,300 miles. US 45 is notable for incorporating, in its maiden alignment, the first paved road in the South, a 49-mile segment in Lee County, Mississippi. Let to contract in July 1914, the concrete highway opened on November 15, 1915; as of 2006, the highway's northern terminus is in Ontonagon, Michigan, at the corner of Ontonagon and River Streets, a few blocks from Lake Superior. M-64 terminated there as well until its rerouting in October 2006 to use the newly built Ontonagon River Bridge, its southern terminus is in Mobile, Alabama, at an intersection with U. S. Route 98. US 45 is concurrent with unsigned SR 17 between Mobile and Vinegar Bend, just north of Deer Park, in Washington County, Alabama. From Vinegar Bend to the Mississippi state line, US 45 is concurrent with unsigned SR 57. U. S. Highway 45 is part of a designated hurricane evacuation route in Mississippi.
It is four-laned from its point of entry from Alabama, at the town of State Line, to the Tennessee line just north of Corinth, along the way serving the towns of Waynesboro, Meridian and Tupelo. At Brooksville, U. S. 45 splits away from U. S. 45 Alternate and serves the towns of Columbus and Aberdeen before rejoining U. S. 45 Alternate south of Tupelo. The alternate roadway provides a more direct and four-laned route between Meridian and Tupelo, bypassing Columbus to the west and, more Starkville to the east. Major junctions of U. S. 45 in Mississippi include U. S. Route 84 at Waynesboro, Interstate 20/59 at Meridian, U. S. Route 82 at Columbus, Interstate 22/U. S. Route 78 at Tupelo and U. S. Route 72 at Corinth; each of these junctions is an interchange and, with the exception of Waynesboro, each is part of a freeway segment. The Mississippi section of U. S. 45 is defined at Mississippi Code Annotated § 65-3-3. From the Mississippi state line U. S. 45 extends north past Selmer and Jackson to Three Way, just north of Jackson.
At Three Way, the highway splits into U. S. 45E and U. S. 45W. From Three Way to the northeast, U. S. 45E extends past Milan Martin and is concurrent with unsigned State Route 43 for most of the route's length past except for short segments at South Fulton and Martin, where it is cosigned with State Route 216 and State Route 215 respectively. From Three Way to the northwest, U. S. 45W extends past Humboldt and is concurrent with unsigned State Route 5 to Union City and with U. S. 51 to the junction with U. S. 45E less than a quarter mile south of the Kentucky state line. Mainline U. S. 45, concurrent with U. S. 51, continues north into Kentucky. U. S. 45 enters Kentucky at Fulton northeast past Mayfield heads directly north into Paducah as a four-lane highway. In Paducah, U. S. 45 serves as a major artery, intersecting with Interstate 24 at exit 7, intersecting US 60 and 62. U. S. 45 leaves Kentucky from Paducah's northern border across the two-lane, metal-grate Brookport Bridge to Brookport, Illinois across the Ohio River.
In the state of Illinois, U. S. 45 runs from a bridge across the Ohio River from Paducah, through Shawnee National Forest and north to the Wisconsin border east of Antioch, Illinois. With a length of 428.99 miles in Illinois, U. S. 45 is the longest numbered route in Illinois. In its progress north from the Ohio River U. S. 45 first joins Interstate 24 as far as Vienna heads northeast through Harrisburg and north through Fairfield, Effingham, Champaign, Urbana and Kankakee straight north through the western suburbs of Chicago in Will County, Cook County and Lake County to the Wisconsin border. U. S. 45 enters the state in southeast Wisconsin. It runs concurrent with Interstate 894 and U. S. Route 41 through the west side of metro Milwaukee to form a major artery through the metropolitan area, it runs north to Fond du Lac. The highway routes near the western shore of Lake Winnebago through Wisconsin. U. S. 45 travels north through Wittenberg and Eagle River, as well as the state and national forests, until it leaves the state at Land O' Lakes and enters Michigan.
US 45 enters Michigan south of Watersmeet. From there, the highway crosses the Western Upper Peninsula through the Ottawa National Forest running north to Ontonagon. US 45 ends just south of Lake Superior in downtown Ontonagon; the terminus was not changed in 2006 despite realignment of M-38 and M-64 from the terminus to a crossing 0.7 miles south. Until March 1935, US 45's northern terminus was in the Illinois area. Prior to the construction of the Interstate Highway system, US 45 was one of the main routes south out of Chicago toward New Orleans, Louisiana. Much of the traffic left US 45 at Effingham, continuing on through Cairo, Illinois along Illinois Route 37. Southern segmentAlabama US 98 in Mobile I‑65 in Prichard Mississippi US 84 in Waynesboro I‑20 / I‑59 in Meridian US 11 / US 80 in Meridian US 82 west of Columbus; the highways travel concurrently to Columbus. US 278 north-northwest of New Wren; the highways travel concurrently to the Verona–Tupelo city line. I‑22 / US 78 in Tupelo US 72 in Corinth Tennessee US 64 in Selmer.
The highways travel concurrently through the city. I‑40 / US 412 in Jackson US 45E / US 45W in Three Way US 79 in Milan US 79 in Humboldt Northern segmentTennessee US 45E / US 45W / US 51 in South Fulton. US 45 / US 51 travel concurrently to Fulton, Kentucky. Kentucky Future I‑69 north of Mayfield I‑24 in Paducah US 62 in Paducah; the highways travel concurrently through the city. US 60 / US 62 in Paducah. US 45/US 60 travels concurrently throu
Scott Township, Champaign County, Illinois
Scott Township is a township in Champaign County, Illinois, USA. As of the 2010 census, its population was 1,258 and it contained 556 housing units. Scott Township was formed. Scott is Township 19 Range 7 East of the Third Principal Meridian. According to the 2010 census, the township has a total area of all land; the stream of South Fork Camp Creek runs through this township. The current road commissioner in Scott Township is Jeff Sebens. Bondville Seymour Interstate 72 Illinois State Route 10 Illinois State Route 47 Igoe Heliport Litchfield RLA Airport "Scott Township, Champaign County, Illinois". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2010-01-04. United States Census Bureau cartographic boundary files US-Counties.com City-Data.com Illinois State Archives Early history of Scott Township, Illinois
Urbana is a city in and the county seat of Champaign County, United States. The population is estimated at 41,989 as of July 1, 2017. Urbana is the tenth-most populous city in Illinois outside of the Chicago metropolitan area, it is included in the Champaign–Urbana metropolitan area. Urbana is notable for sharing the campus of the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign with its sister city of Champaign; the Urbana area was first settled in 1822, when it was called "Big Grove". When the county of Champaign was organized in 1833, the county seat was located on 40 acres of land, 20 acres donated by William T. Webber and 20 acres by Col. M. W. Busey, considered to be the city's founder, the name "Urbana" was adopted after Urbana, the hometown of State Senator Vance; the creation of the new town was celebrated for the first time in July 4, 1833. Stores began opening beginning in 1834; the first mills were founded in c.1838-50. The town's first church was built c.1840 with the Baptist Church following in 1855 and the Methodist Church in 1856.
The Presbyterian Church was founded in 1856. The city's first school was built in 1854. Urbana suffered a setback when the Chicago branch of the Illinois Central Railroad, expected to pass through town, was instead laid down two miles west, where the land was flatter; the town of West Urbana grew up around the train depot built there in 1854, in 1861 its name was changed to Champaign. The competition between the two cities provoked Urbana to tear down the ten-year-old County Courthouse and replace it with a much larger and fancier structure, to ensure that the county seat would remain in Urbana. Champaign-Urbana was selected as the site for a new state agricultural school, thanks to the efforts of Clark Griggs. Illinois Industrial University, which would evolve into the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign, opened in 1868 with 77 students. A number of efforts to merge Urbana and Champaign have failed at the polls. On October 9, 1871 a fire burned much of downtown Urbana. Children playing with matches started the fire.
Downtown Urbana is located west of the intersection of its two busiest streets: U. S. 10 and U. S. 45. Most of Urbana lies south of I-74. There are three exits: Lincoln and University; the Lincoln exit is closest to the University of Illinois, while the Cunningham exit goes to downtown Urbana. The University exit goes to downtown Urbana as well as Illinois Route 130 to Philo; the Norfolk Southern operates an east to west line through Urbana. The NS line connects industries in eastern Urbana to the Norfolk Southern main line at Mansfield, west of Champaign; the line now operated by Norfolk Southern is the former Peoria & Eastern Railway operated as part of the Big Four, New York Central, Penn Central, Conrail systems, being sold by Conrail to Norfolk Southern in 1996. Construction of the line was begun by the Danville, Urbana and Pekin Railroad; this short-lived entity became part of the Indianapolis and Western Railway before the railroad was completed. A branch line of the Norfolk and Western Railway used to connect Urbana with the main line from Danville to Decatur at Sidney, but this was first rerouted and closed in the early 1990s.
Willard Airport serves the city. As of the census of 2000, there were 36,395 people, 14,327 households, 6,217 families residing in the city; the population density was 3,468.3 people per square mile. There were 15,311 housing units at an average density of 1,459.1/sq mi. The racial makeup of the city was 67.01% White, 14.34% African American, 0.18% Native American, 14.24% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.76% from other races, 2.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.54% of the population. There were 14,327 households out of which 20.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.2% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 56.6% were non-families. 36.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.83. In the city, the population was spread out with 14.9% under the age of 18, 36.2% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 13.2% from 45 to 64, 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females, there were 111.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.7 males. The median income for a household in the city was $27,819, the median income for a family was $42,655. Males had a median income of $32,827 versus $26,349 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,969. About 13.3% of families and 27.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.5% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over. Urbana has Mayor-Council government, of the strong-mayor form; the city council has seven members, each elected from a different ward. The mayor is elected in a citywide vote. Urbana is located at 40°6′35″N 88°12′15″W. According to the 2010 census, Urbana has a total area of 11.69 square miles, of which 11.65 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles is water. Urbana borders the city of Champaign; the main campus of the University of Illinois is situated on this border. Together, these two cities are referred to as Urbana-Champaign (the designation used by th
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Fisher is a village in Champaign County, United States, founded in 1875. The population was 1,881 at the 2010 census. Fisher is located at 40°18′57″N 88°20′55″W. According to the 2010 census, Fisher has a total area of all land; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,647 people, 630 households, 469 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,660.4 people per square mile. There were 667 housing units at an average density of 672.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 98.85% White, 0.24% Native American, 0.18% from other races, 0.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.30% of the population. There were 630 households out of which 37.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.1% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.4% were non-families. 21.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the village, the population was spread out with 28.7% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.7 males. The median income for a household in the village was $41,891, the median income for a family was $50,050. Males had a median income of $33,125 versus $21,167 for females; the per capita income for the village was $18,262. About 3.7% of families and 3.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 1.0% of those age 65 or over. The community is served by the Fisher Community Unit School District; the public schools are Fisher Grade School and the Fisher Junior/Senior High School, whose mascot is the Fisher "Bunnie." The Bunnies offer six girls' sports, seven boys' sports and two co-ed sports at the senior high-school level and six competitive sports for junior-high students.
Village of Fisher
Parkland College is a public community college in Champaign, Illinois. It is part of the Illinois Community College System serving Community College District 505 which includes parts of Coles, Champaign, DeWitt, Edgar, Iroquois, Moultrie, McLean and Vermilion Counties. Parkland College enrolls 18,000 students annually. William M. Staerkel Planetarium is located at Parkland College. Located at 2400 W. Bradley Avenue in the city's northwest corner, Parkland's 255-acre main campus is centrally accessible to the 54 communities it serves, it lies in close proximity to the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Its off-campus locations for instruction include Parkland College on Mattis at 1307-1319 N. Mattis Avenue Champaign, The Institue of Aviation at Willard Airport in Savoy. Bolstered with state support from the Illinois Public Junior College Act of 1965, "Illinois Junior College District 505" was established in March 1966 by a referendum of residents from incorporated and unincorporated areas surrounding Champaign-Urbana.
The college was renamed Parkland Community College in 1967 before its first fall semester classes began. William M. Staerkel was Parkland's first president, serving the college from 1967 to 1987. While the first classes were held at temporary sites in downtown Champaign, the school's permanent campus opened in fall 1973. Parkland College has been accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools, Higher Learning Commission, since 1972, its seven-member Board of Trustees is elected by the residents of the district, with each trustee serving a six-year term. The board provides local control and direction for the college, operating in accordance with Parkland's established Policies and Procedures. Parkland College confers the Associate in Arts, Associate in Science, Associate in Fine Arts, Associate in Engineering Science, Associate in Applied Science, Associate in General Studies degrees. Today 18,000 students enroll in Parkland College credit and noncredit courses annually. More than 100 degree and certificate programs of study are available, leading students to career and job placement or to educational transfer to four-year colleges and universities.
Students take advantage of Parkland's distance education in the form of online courses and interactive telecourses. Parkland provides numerous academic support resources for students, its Center for Academic Success, a unified learning assistance center, offers peer tutoring, a writing lab, tutoring by math faculty, an academic development lab for focusing on pre-college-level coursework, developmental learning modules, study skills tutorials. The Parkland College library holds a collection of over 120,000 volumes. In conjunction with the college's Center for Excellence in Teaching and Learning, the Library administers SPARK: Scholarship at Parkland, the school's digital institutional repository. Parkland's cultural center contains a 320-seat performing arts theater and a 50-foot dome planetarium; the Parkland Theatre, William M. Staerkel Planetarium, Parkland Art Gallery offer free or affordable performances and exhibits year-round to campus and community members. Parkland's radio station is its student-run newspaper is the Prospectus.
The college's state-licensed Child Development Center works with preschoolers and serves community residents and Parkland students and staff. More than 40 campus clubs and organizations at Parkland provide students with opportunities for volunteerism, leadership development, camaraderie. While many of these are organized based on academic fields, such as the French Club, Parkland Motorsports, the Pre-Law Club, diversity is rich among the established clubs, with groups among them such as Alpha Phi Omega, International Students Association, Japanese Culture Club, Black Student Association, Brother to Brother, Club Latino, Muslim Student Association, Parkland Christian Fellowship, Parkland Pride!. Parkland students take part in extramural team sports under the mascot Cobras, including baseball, volleyball, men's and women’s basketball, men's and women's soccer and dance. A Division II member of the National Junior Collegiate Athletic Association, the Parkland Cobras mark the following accomplishments: NJCAA Baseball Champions, 2009 and 2002 NJCAA Women's Volleyball Champions, 2016, 2015 and 1999 NJCAA Men's Basketball Champions, 1986 NJCAA National Tournament Qualifiers since 2006: Baseball, Softball, Women's Basketball, Men's Basketball, Men's Soccer, Women's Soccer Juan Acevedo – Major League Baseball player Bonnie Blair – Five-time U.
S. Olympic Gold Medalist, Speedskating Mark Carlson – Major League Baseball umpire Shane Heams – U. S. Olympian, Baseball Kevin Kiermaier – Tampa Bay Rays outfielder David Patrick – Gold Medalist, 400-meter hurdle, IAAF World Cup. S. Olympian Spencer Patton-Major League Baseball player Kevin Roberson – Major League Baseball player Jeremih Felton – R & B singer Dan Winkler — Atlanta Braves pitcher Official website
Allerton is a village in Sidell Township, Vermilion County, United States. A small portion of the village extends into Champaign County; the population was 291 at the 2010 census. Samuel W. Allerton was a wealthy landowner in Vermilion County who had made his fortune on the agricultural and livestock markets, he was one of the founders of the First National Bank of Chicago and Co-founder of the Chicago Union Stockyards. The town was founded on a 3,800-acre tract of land in the southwestern part of the county which Allerton purchased in 1880, it had been known as Twin Grove Farm. When the C&EI railroad came through the area, he gave them a right-of-way through his land, established a grain elevator and platted the village. Allerton himself continued to live in Chicago. Samuel Allerton owned 12,000 acres in Piatt County, part of which became the Robert Allerton Park, farther west in the Monticello area. Samuel's total land holdings included 78,000 acres across four Midwest states. Allerton is located near the southwestern corner of Vermilion County at 39°54′46″N 87°56′8″W.
The village extends west into Champaign County in two places. Champaign-Urbana is about 30 miles to the northwest, Danville is the same distance to the northeast. According to the 2010 census, Allerton has a total area of all land. Allerton is located on the county line, a small portion of is located in Champaign County, Illinois; as of the census of 2000, there were 293 people, 112 households, 89 families residing in the village. The population density was 454.4 people per square mile. There were 122 housing units at an average density of 189.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 97.61% White, 0.68% Native American, 1.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.39% of the population. There were 112 households out of which 38.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.3% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 20.5% were non-families. 18.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 2.93. In the village, the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.9 males. The median income for a household in the village was $42,250, the median income for a family was $51,964. Males had a median income of $38,611 versus $28,750 for females; the per capita income for the village was $17,512. None of the families and 4.5% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 8.6% of those over 64