Pearly gates is an informal name for the gateway to Heaven according to some Christian denominations. It is inspired by the description of the New Jerusalem in Revelation 21:21: "The twelve gates were twelve pearls, each gate being made from a single pearl."The image of the gates in popular culture is a set of large gold, white or wrought-iron gates in the clouds, guarded by Saint Peter. Those not fit to enter heaven are denied entrance at the gates, descend into Hell. In some versions of this imagery, Peter looks up the deceased's name in a book, before opening the gate
Cher is an American singer and actress. Referred to by the media as the Goddess of Pop, she has been described as embodying female autonomy in a male-dominated industry, she is known for her distinctive contralto singing voice and for having worked in numerous areas of entertainment, as well as adopting a variety of styles and appearances during her six-decade-long career. Cher gained popularity in 1965 as one-half of the folk rock husband-wife duo Sonny & Cher after their song "I Got You Babe" reached number one on the American and British charts. By the end of 1967, they had sold 40 million records worldwide and had become, according to Time magazine, rock's "it" couple, she began her solo career releasing in 1966 her first million-seller song, "Bang Bang". She became a television personality in the 1970s with her shows The Sonny & Cher Comedy Hour, watched by over 30 million viewers weekly during its three-year run, Cher, she emerged as a fashion trendsetter by wearing elaborate outfits on her television shows.
While working on television, Cher established herself as a solo artist with the U. S. Billboard Hot 100 chart-topping singles "Gypsys, Tramps & Thieves", "Half-Breed", "Dark Lady". After her divorce from Sonny Bono in 1975, she launched a comeback in 1979 with the disco album Take Me Home and earned $300,000 a week for her 1980–1982 concert residency in Las Vegas. In 1982, Cher made her Broadway debut in the play Come Back to the Five and Dime, Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean and starred in its film adaptation, she subsequently received critical acclaim for her performances in films such as Silkwood, The Witches of Eastwick and Moonstruck, with the latter having earned her the Academy Award for Best Actress. She revived her musical career by recording the rock-inflected albums Cher, Heart of Stone and Love Hurts, all of which yielded successful singles such as "I Found Someone", "If I Could Turn Back Time" and "Love and Understanding". Cher reached a new commercial peak in 1998 with the dance-pop album Believe, whose title track became the biggest-selling single of all time by a female artist in the UK.
It features the pioneering use of Auto-Tune known as the "Cher effect". Her 2002–2005 Living Proof: The Farewell Tour became one of the highest-grossing concert tours of all time, earning $250 million. In 2008, she signed a $180 million deal to headline the Colosseum at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas for three years. In 2018, Cher returned to film for her first on-screen role since 2010's Burlesque, starring in the musical romantic comedy film Mamma Mia! Here We Go Again. Inspired by the film, the album Dancing Queen debuted at number three on the Billboard 200, tying with 2013's Closer to the Truth for Cher's highest-charting solo album in the U. S. Cher has won a Grammy Award, an Emmy Award, an Academy Award, three Golden Globe Awards, a Cannes Film Festival Award, an award from the Kennedy Center Honors and the Council of Fashion Designers of America, among several other honors, she has sold 100 million records worldwide to date, becoming one of the best-selling music artists in history. She is the only artist to date to have a number-one single on a Billboard chart in six consecutive decades, from the 1960s to the 2010s.
Outside of her music and acting, she is noted for her political views, philanthropic endeavors, social activism, including LGBT rights and HIV/AIDS prevention. Cher was born Cherilyn Sarkisian in El Centro, California, on May 20, 1946, her father, John Sarkisian, was an Armenian-American truck driver with gambling problems. Cher's father was home when she was an infant, her parents divorced when Cher was ten months old, her mother married actor John Southall, with whom she had another daughter, Cher's half-sister. Now living in Los Angeles, Cher's mother began acting, she played minor roles in films and on television. Holt secured acting parts for her daughters as extras on television shows like The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet, her mother's relationship with Southall ended when Cher was nine years old, but she considers him her father and remembers him as a "good-natured man who turned belligerent when he drank too much". Holt remarried and divorced several more times, she moved her family around the country.
They had little money, Cher recounted having had to use rubber bands to hold her shoes together. At one point, her mother left Cher at an orphanage for several weeks. Although they met every day, both found the experience traumatic; when Cher was in fifth grade, she produced a performance of the musical Oklahoma! for her teacher and class. She organized a group of girls and choreographing their dance routines. Unable to convince boys to participate, she sang their songs. By age nine, she had developed an unusually low voice. Fascinated by film stars, Cher's role model was Audrey Hepburn due to her role in the 1961 film Breakfast at Tiffany's. Cher began to take after behavior of Hepburn's character, she was disappointed by the absence of dark-haired Hollywood actresses. She had wanted to be famous since childhood but felt unattractive and untalented commenting, "I couldn't think of anything that I could do... I didn't think I'd be a dancer. I just thought, well; that was my goal."In 1961, Holt married bank manager Gilbert LaPiere, who adopte
Oxford University Press
Oxford University Press is the largest university press in the world, the second oldest after Cambridge University Press. It is a department of the University of Oxford and is governed by a group of 15 academics appointed by the vice-chancellor known as the delegates of the press, they are headed by the secretary to the delegates, who serves as OUP's chief executive and as its major representative on other university bodies. Oxford University has used a similar system to oversee OUP since the 17th century; the Press is located on opposite Somerville College, in the suburb Jericho. The Oxford University Press Museum is located on Oxford. Visits are led by a member of the archive staff. Displays include a 19th-century printing press, the OUP buildings, the printing and history of the Oxford Almanack, Alice in Wonderland and the Oxford English Dictionary; the university became involved in the print trade around 1480, grew into a major printer of Bibles, prayer books, scholarly works. OUP took on the project that became the Oxford English Dictionary in the late 19th century, expanded to meet the ever-rising costs of the work.
As a result, the last hundred years has seen Oxford publish children's books, school text books, journals, the World's Classics series, a range of English language teaching texts. Moves into international markets led to OUP opening its own offices outside the United Kingdom, beginning with New York City in 1896. With the advent of computer technology and harsh trading conditions, the Press's printing house at Oxford was closed in 1989, its former paper mill at Wolvercote was demolished in 2004. By contracting out its printing and binding operations, the modern OUP publishes some 6,000 new titles around the world each year; the first printer associated with Oxford University was Theoderic Rood. A business associate of William Caxton, Rood seems to have brought his own wooden printing press to Oxford from Cologne as a speculative venture, to have worked in the city between around 1480 and 1483; the first book printed in Oxford, in 1478, an edition of Rufinus's Expositio in symbolum apostolorum, was printed by another, printer.
Famously, this was mis-dated in Roman numerals as "1468", thus pre-dating Caxton. Rood's printing included John Ankywyll's Compendium totius grammaticae, which set new standards for teaching of Latin grammar. After Rood, printing connected with the university remained sporadic for over half a century. Records or surviving work are few, Oxford did not put its printing on a firm footing until the 1580s. In response to constraints on printing outside London imposed by the Crown and the Stationers' Company, Oxford petitioned Elizabeth I of England for the formal right to operate a press at the university; the chancellor, Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester, pleaded Oxford's case. Some royal assent was obtained, since the printer Joseph Barnes began work, a decree of Star Chamber noted the legal existence of a press at "the universitie of Oxforde" in 1586. Oxford's chancellor, Archbishop William Laud, consolidated the legal status of the university's printing in the 1630s. Laud envisaged a unified press of world repute.
Oxford would establish it on university property, govern its operations, employ its staff, determine its printed work, benefit from its proceeds. To that end, he petitioned Charles I for rights that would enable Oxford to compete with the Stationers' Company and the King's Printer, obtained a succession of royal grants to aid it; these were brought together in Oxford's "Great Charter" in 1636, which gave the university the right to print "all manner of books". Laud obtained the "privilege" from the Crown of printing the King James or Authorized Version of Scripture at Oxford; this "privilege" created substantial returns in the next 250 years, although it was held in abeyance. The Stationers' Company was alarmed by the threat to its trade and lost little time in establishing a "Covenant of Forbearance" with Oxford. Under this, the Stationers paid an annual rent for the university not to exercise its full printing rights – money Oxford used to purchase new printing equipment for smaller purposes.
Laud made progress with internal organization of the Press. Besides establishing the system of Delegates, he created the wide-ranging supervisory post of "Architypographus": an academic who would have responsibility for every function of the business, from print shop management to proofreading; the post was more an ideal than a workable reality, but it survived in the loosely structured Press until the 18th century. In practice, Oxford's Warehouse-Keeper dealt with sales and the hiring and firing of print shop staff. Laud's plans, hit terrible obstacles, both personal and political. Falling foul of political intrigue, he was executed in 1645, by which time the English Civil War had broken out. Oxford became a Royalist stronghold during the conflict, many printers in the city concentrated on producing political pamphlets or sermons; some outstanding mathematical and Orientalist works emerged at this time—notably, texts edited by Edward Pococke, the Regius Professor of Hebrew—but no university press on Laud's model was possible before the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660.
It was established by the vice-chancellor, John Fell, Dean of Christ Church, Bishop of Oxford, Secretary to the Delegates. Fell regarded Laud as a martyr, was determined to honour his vision of the Press. Using the provisions of the Great Charter, Fell persuaded Oxford to refuse any further payments from the Stationers and drew
Benjamin Crowninshield Bradlee was an American newspaperman. He was the executive editor of The Washington Post from 1968 to 1991, he became a national figure during the presidency of Richard Nixon, when he challenged the federal government over the right to publish the Pentagon Papers and oversaw the publication of Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein's stories documenting the Watergate scandal. At his death he held the title of vice president at-large of The Washington Post, he was an advocate for education and the study of history, including working for years as an active trustee on the boards of several major educational and archeological research institutions. A member of the Boston Brahmin Crowninshield family, Bradlee was born in Boston, Massachusetts, on August 26, 1921, his father was Frederick Josiah Bradlee, Jr. a direct descendant of Nathan Bradley, the first American Bradley, born in the colony of Massachusetts in 1631. His mother, Josephine de Gersdorff, was awarded the French Legion of Honour for starting an orphanage that sheltered children from Nazi Germany during World War II.
Bradlee's maternal grandfather, Carl August de Gersdorff, the son of a German immigrant, was a wealthy New York lawyer. Bradlee's maternal grandmother was Helen Suzette Crowninshield, daughter of artist Frederic Crowninshield, another member of the Crowninshield family, his great-great-uncle was U. S. lawyer Joseph Hodges Choate, 34th U. S. ambassador to Britain, his great uncle was Francis Welch "Frank" Crowninshield, the creator and editor of Vanity Fair, a roommate of Condé Nast. He had a brother named a writer and Broadway stage actor. Chevalier Josephine de Gersdorff, Bradlee's mother, was a direct descendant of Heinrich XXIX, Count of Reuss-Ebersdorf, a lineal descendant of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, King John of Denmark, King Casimir IV of Poland, John V, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst. Through his father Frederick, Bradlee was a lineal descendant of King Henry VII of England by an unknown British woman through their son Sir Roland de Velville, his maternal great-grandfather was Dr. Ernst Bruno von Gersdorff, a third cousin of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom through Heinrich XXIX.
Bradlee, the second of three children, grew up in a wealthy family with domestic staff. With his brother and sister, Constance, he learned French, took piano lessons, went to the symphony and the opera; the stock market crash of 1929 decimated the family's wealth however. During the Great Depression, Bradlee's father worked odd jobs to support his family, including keeping the books for various clubs and institutions and supervising the janitors at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts. Bradlee attended Dexter School before finishing at St. Mark's School, where he played varsity baseball. While attending St. Mark's, he contracted polio, he exercised at home and developed strong arms and chest. He could walk without limping. Thereafter he attended Harvard College, where he was a member of the A. D. Club, a Greek–English major and joined the Naval ROTC. Bradlee received his naval commission two hours after graduating in 1942, joined the Office of Naval Intelligence, worked as a communications officer in the Pacific during World War II.
His duties included handling classified and coded cables, serving on the destroyer USS Philip fighting off the shore of Guam and arriving at Guadalcanal with the Second Transport Group, part of Task Group 62.4, commanded by Rear Admiral Norman Scott. Bradlee's main battles were Vella Lavella, Saipan and Bougainville, he fought in the biggest naval battle fought, the Battle of Leyte Gulf in the Philippines Campaign, in the Borneo Campaign, made every landing in the Solomon Islands campaign. Bradlee's first marriage was to Jean Saltonstall, who came from a wealthy and prominent Boston Brahmin family, they married on August 8, 1942, had one son, Ben Bradlee Jr. who became a deputy managing editor of The Boston Globe. After the war, in 1946, Bradlee became a reporter at the New Hampshire Sunday News, a venture he helped launch. After he sold the paper, in 1948 he started working for The Washington Post as a reporter, he got to know associate publisher Philip Graham, the son-in-law of the publisher, Eugene Meyer.
On November 1, 1950, Bradlee was alighting from a streetcar in front of the White House just as two Puerto Rican nationalists attempted to shoot their way into Blair House in an attempt to kill President Harry S. Truman. In 1951 Graham helped Bradlee become assistant press attaché in the American embassy in Paris In 1952, Bradlee joined the staff of the Office of U. S. Information and Educational Exchange, the embassy's propaganda unit. USIE produced films, research and news items for use by the CIA throughout Europe. USIE controlled the Voice of America, a means of disseminating pro-American "cultural information" worldwide. While at the USIE, according to a Justice Department memo from an assistant U. S. attorney in the Rosenberg Trial, Bradlee was helping the CIA manage European propaganda regarding the spying conviction and execution of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg on June 19, 1953. The memo, addressed to U. S. Attorney Myles Lane and dated December 13, 1952, states that " further advised that he was sent here by Robert Thayer, the head of the CIA in Paris... he stated that he was supposed to have been met by a representative of the CIA at the airport but missed connections" and that "he has been trying to get in touch with Allen Dulles."
This memorandum was cited as evidence of Bradlee's CIA connections
Three Men and a Little Lady
Three Men and a Little Lady is a 1990 American comedy film directed by Emile Ardolino. It is the sequel to a Baby. Tom Selleck, Steve Guttenberg, Ted Danson reprise the leading roles; the three men – Peter and Jack – are living together with Mary, now five, her mother, Sylvia. Peter and Michael continue their careers as an architect and cartoonist, while Jack has few acting roles. Sylvia has become a famous actress and is dating her director Edward who wishes to marry her, but Sylvia is unsure how it will affect Mary. Sylvia and Peter are in love with each other, although Peter has difficulty admitting his true feelings; when visiting, Sylvia's mother advises her daughter that Peter may never be able to properly express or admit his true feelings. Sylvia, realizing she wants to get married and start a real family, accepts Edward's marriage proposal and announces to the group that she and Mary will be moving to the United Kingdom after the wedding; the group invites Edward to a get together at the apartment.
Peter tells Edward that he has no experience with children and believes he won't be a good father for Mary. When Edward leaves, Sylvia confronts Peter about his behavior, leading to a falling out when Sylvia tells Peter he is selfish and Peter reminds Sylvia about abandoning Mary during the events of the first film. Sylvia and Mary leave the next day for the UK; this depresses Peter and Jack, who attempt to cheer themselves by renewing their bachelor lifestyle and throwing a party, but still find themselves miserable without Mary or Sylvia. The gang decides to go to the UK to visit Mary, miserable and lonely without them. Peter and Michael are reunited with Sylvia at the rehearsal dinner. Peter is introduced to Miss Elspeth Lomax, headmistress of Pileforth Academy for Girls, who takes a liking to Peter. Edward leads her to believe that Peter has difficulty admitting them. Peter and Sylvia reconcile. With the wedding fast approaching, Peter is troubled to hear Mary reveal that Edward dislikes her.
Peter and Michael realize that Edward intends to pack Mary off to the Pileforth boarding school, but Edward denies everything and Sylvia refuses to believe Peter, knowing he has disliked Edward from the beginning. In the middle of the argument, Jack arrives and Sylvia and Edward leave. Jack confronts Peter about his true feelings for Sylvia, Peter admits he always expected Jack and Sylvia would reconcile and he would have caused everyone to get hurt. Jack assures Peter that Sylvia loves only he must be true to his feelings; the night before the wedding, Peter goes to Pileforth in a successful attempt to get proof of Edward's scheme, but Elspeth believes that Peter is admitting his "feelings" for her and she reciprocates. After initial surprise and unsuccessfully attempting to deflect her advances, Peter manages to get away; when his car breaks down, he calls Jack and Michael, confirming he has the proof, but he will be delayed. Michael and Mary conspire to stall the wedding. Michael kidnaps the vicar and Jack disguises himself as an elderly replacement.
Peter, with help from Elspeth, heads to the wedding and during the ride, she confesses that Edward informed her of Peter's affections. Peter reveals that Edward apologizes for the misunderstanding. Peter and Elspeth arrive at the church after numerous delays, he confronts Sylvia with the truth, Elspeth herself confirming that Edward has been lying and his trying to defend himself prompts Mary to accuse him of lying again. Edward reveals his true colors when he swears at Mary and Peter in turn knocks him out by punching him. Sylvia declares her intention to go home, but Peter stops her and declares his love for her, whereupon Edward re-emerges and states it is too late as they are married. Jack reveals himself – not only has he proved his acting skills, but the marriage is null and void. Peter and Sylvia wed with Mary as their bridesmaid, who afterwards throws the bouquet into the air and it is caught by an shocked Jack. Tom Selleck as Peter Mitchell Steve Guttenberg as Michael Kellam Ted Danson as Jack Holden Nancy Travis as Sylvia Bennington-Mitchell Christopher Cazenove as Edward Hargreave Fiona Shaw as Miss Elspeth Lomax Robin Weisman as Mary Bennington John Boswall as Barrow, Edward's butler Sheila Hancock as Vera Bennington Filmed on location in New York and the United Kingdom, the scenes in the latter location were shot in Banbury in north Oxfordshire.
Particular use is made of Broughton Castle. The scenes where the car breaks down and Peter makes a call from a phone box are shot at Burton Dassett Country Park, in south Warwickshire; the school which Mary was to attend was shot at two locations. The external shot of the school is the Jesuit boarding school Stonyhurst College in the Ribble Valley, Lancashire; the internal scenes of the school were shot at the Benedictine boarding school Douai School near Thatcham, West Berkshire. Critical reaction to the film was mixed to negative. Critic Paul Brenner of Rotten Tomatoes cited the film as "treacly," whilst many others on the site have stated that a sequel was not necessary. Andy Webb of The Movie Scene.com cited enjoyable parts of the film, viewing the unusual family life of having three fathers as a main entertainment factor. Critics Rita Kempley and Desson Howe of the Washington Post spoke positively of the film, citing the three main characters' comical rap, the race for Peter to stop the wedding, the relationship between him and Miss Lomax as the film's most enjoyable scenes.
However, Howe criticized it, claiming Ted Danson and S
Gypsy (1993 film)
Gypsy is a 1993 American made-for-television musical comedy-drama film directed by Emile Ardolino. The teleplay by Arthur Laurents is an adaptation of his book of the 1959 stage musical Gypsy, based on Gypsy: A Memoir by Gypsy Rose Lee. Gypsy Rose Lee's son, Erik Lee Preminger, was instrumental in getting the film in production and was the main source for research, he had tried to get the musical filmed with Bette Midler, who had always wanted to play Rose, in the principal role 10 years earlier, but it required the approval of five entities to obtain the rights. One of the obstacles had been Arthur Laurents himself, who wrote the book for the musical based on Lee's memoirs, he had hated the 1962 film version and was opposed to a remake. "Not for all the money in the world will we let them make another film version of Gypsy," he had said. The film was broadcast by CBS on December 12, 1993, released in theaters in foreign markets, it has been released on home video multiple times. Director Ardolino died of AIDS three weeks.
Determined to make her young and beautiful daughter, June, a vaudeville headliner, resourceful, domineering stage mother Rose Hovick will stop at nothing to achieve her goal. She drags June and her shy and decidedly less-talented older sister, around the country in an effort to get them noticed, with the assistance of agent Herbie Sommers, she manages to secure them bookings on the prestigious Orpheum Circuit. Years pass, the girls no longer are young enough to pull off the childlike personae their mother insists they continue to project. June rebels, elopes with Tulsa, one of the dancers who backs the act. Devastated by what she considers an act of betrayal, Rose pours all her energies into making a success of Louise, despite the young woman's obvious lack of singing and dancing skills. Not helping matters is the increasing popularity of sound films, which leads to a decline in the demand for stage entertainment. With bookings scarce and daughter find themselves in Wichita, where the owner of a third-rate burlesque house offers Louise a job.
When one of the strippers is arrested for shoplifting, Louise unwillingly becomes her replacement. At first, her voice is shaky, her moves tentative at best, but as audiences respond to her, she begins to gain confidence in herself, she blossoms as an entertainer billed as Gypsy Rose Lee, reaches a point where she tires of her mother's constant interference in both her life and wildly successful career. Louise demands she leave her alone. Aware that she has spent her life enslaved by a desperate need to be noticed, an angry and bewildered Rose stumbles onto the empty stage of the deserted theater and experiences a moment of truth that leads to an emotional breakdown followed by a reconciliation with Louise. Bette Midler as Rose Hovick Cynthia Gibb as Louise Hovick Elisabeth Moss as Baby Louise Peter Riegert as Herbie Sommers Jennifer Rae Beck as June Hovick Lacey Chabert as Baby June Edward Asner as Pop Linda Hart as Miss Mazeppa Anna McNeely as Miss Electra Christine Ebersole as Tessie Tura Michael Jeter as Mr. Goldstone Andrea Martin as Miss Cratchitt Jeffrey Broadhurst as Tulsa Tony Shalhoub as Uncle Jocko Keene Curtis as Mr. Kringelien Spencer Liff as Clarence Rachel Sweet as Agnes/Amanda Peter Lockyer as Yonkers Michael Moore as L.
A. Patrick Boyd as Kansas Terry Lindholm as Flagstaff Gypsy Rose Lee as herself "Let Me Entertain You" - Baby June, Baby Louise "Some People" - Rose "Small World" - Rose and Herbie "Baby June and Her Newsboys" - Baby June, Baby Louise, Chorus "Mr. Goldstone" - Rose, Chorus "Little Lamb" - Louise "You'll Never Get Away from Me" - Rose, Herbie "Dainty June and Her Farmboys" - June, Chorus "If Momma Was Married" - June, Louise "All I Need is the Girl" - Tulsa "Everything's Coming Up Roses" - Rose "Together, Wherever We Go" - Rose, Louise "You Gotta Get a Gimmick" - Tessie Tura, Miss Mazeppa, Miss Electra "Small World" - Rose "Let Me Entertain You" - Louise "Rose's Turn" - Rose The film features a score with music by Jule Styne and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim, reuses the original orchestrations by Sid Ramin and Robert Ginzler; the musical numbers were choreographed by Jerome Robbins, who directed and choreographed the original Broadway production. Bob Mackie designed the costumes. Midler won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Miniseries or Television Film.
Gibb was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Series, Miniseries or Television Film and the production was nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Miniseries or Television Film. The film was nominated for 12 Primetime Emmy Awards, including Outstanding Made for Television Movie and Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie for Midler, won for Outstanding Individual Achievement in Music Direction. Ardolino was nominated for the Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Dramatic Specials, it was released on videotape and laserdisc by RHI Entertainment in 1994 and on DVD by Pioneer Entertainment in 2000 and Lionsgate Home Entertainment in 2005. In recent years, the film has been released to several digital download and streaming outlets such as Amazon and iTunes. On March 12, 2013, after several years of unavailability, Mill Creek Entertainment reissued the film on DVD in a double-feature set with the 2001 television remake of South Pacific.
Jule Styne said, "I'm so excited. I just watched a tape of the movie and I cried, it is the most outstanding singing and acting performance I've seen on the screen within memory."Dorothy Rabinowitz wrote, "Ms. Midler the toughest and brassiest Mama Rose ever... Most e
John Royce "Johnny" Mathis is an American singer of popular music. Starting his career with singles of standard music, he became popular as an album artist, with several dozen of his albums achieving gold or platinum status and 73 making the Billboard charts to date. According to Guinness Music Chart historian Paul Gambacini, Johnny Mathis has sold well over 360 million records worldwide making Mathis the third biggest selling artist of the 20th century. Mathis has received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award and has been inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame for three separate recordings. Although he is described as a romantic singer, his discography includes traditional pop and Spanish music, soul and blues, show tunes, Tin Pan Alley, soft rock, country music, a few disco songs for his album Mathis Magic in 1979. Mathis has recorded six albums of Christmas music. In a 1968 interview, Mathis cited Lena Horne, Nat King Cole, Bing Crosby among his musical influences. Mathis was born in Gilmer, Texas, on September 30, 1935, the fourth of seven children of Clem Mathis and Mildred Boyd.
The family moved to San Francisco, settling on 32nd Avenue in the Richmond District, where Mathis grew up. He is from Spanish origins, his father had worked in vaudeville, when he saw his son's talent, he bought an old upright piano for $25 and encouraged him. Mathis began learning routines from his father, his first song was "My Blue Heaven". Mathis started singing and dancing for visitors at home, at school, at church functions; when he was 13, voice teacher Connie Cox accepted him as her student in exchange for work around her house. Mathis studied with Cox for six years, learning vocal scales and exercises, voice production and operatic singing; the first band he sang with was formed by his high school friend Merl Saunders. Mathis eulogized him at his funeral in 2008, thanking him for giving him his first chance as a singer. Mathis was a star athlete at George Washington High School in San Francisco, he was a high jumper and hurdler, he played on the basketball team. In 1954, he enrolled at San Francisco State College on an athletic scholarship, intending to become an English teacher and a physical education teacher.
While there, Mathis set a high jump record of 6’-5 1/2”. This is still one of the college's top jump heights and was only two inches short of the Olympic record at the time. Just as when he was in high school, Johnny's name was mentioned in the sports sections of the Northern California newspapers. In fact, he & future NBA star Bill Russell were featured in a 1954 sports section article of the San Francisco Chronicle demonstrating their high jumping skills. During one meet at the University of Nevada, Johnny beat Russell's highest jump attempt that day, he was referred to as "the best all-around athlete to come out of the San Francisco Bay Area." In San Francisco while singing at a Sunday afternoon jam session with a friend's jazz sextet at the Black Hawk Club, Mathis attracted the attention of the club's co-founder, Helen Noga. She became Mathis' music manager, in September 1955, after Noga had found Mathis a job singing weekends at Ann Dee's 440 Club, she learned that George Avakian, head of Popular Music A&R at Columbia Records, was on vacation near San Francisco.
After repeated calls, Noga persuaded Avakian to come hear Mathis at the 440 Club. After hearing Mathis sing, Avakian sent his record company a telegram stating: "Have found phenomenal 19-year-old boy who could go all the way. Send blank contracts."At San Francisco State, Mathis had become noteworthy as a high jumper, in 1956 he was asked to try out for the U. S. Olympic Team that would travel to Melbourne, that November. Mathis had to decide whether to go to the Olympic trials or to keep his appointment in New York City to make his first recordings. On his father's advice, Mathis opted to embark on a professional singing career, his LP record album was released in late 1956 instead of waiting until the first quarter of 1957. Mathis's first record album, Johnny Mathis: A New Sound In Popular Song, was a slow-selling jazz album, but Mathis stayed in New York City to sing in nightclubs, his second album was produced by Columbia Records vice-president and record producer Mitch Miller, who helped to define the Mathis sound.
Miller preferred that Mathis sing soft, romantic ballads, pairing him up with conductor and music arranger Ray Conniff, Ray Ellis, Glenn Osser, Robert Mersey. In late 1956, Mathis recorded two of his most popular songs: "Wonderful! Wonderful!" and "It's Not For Me To Say". That year, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer signed him up to sing the latter song in the movie Lizzie. Shortly afterwards, Mathis made his second film appearance for 20th Century Fox, singing the song "A Certain Smile" in the film of that title, he had small acting roles in both movies as a bar singer. This early visibility in two successful movies gave him mass exposure, his appearance on the popular TV program The Ed Sullivan Show in 1957 helped increase his popularity. Critics called him "the velvet voice". Mathis appeared during this period on ABC's The Pat Boone Chevy Showroom, as did fellow African-American entertainers Ella Fitzgerald and Pearl Bailey. During the summer of 1958, Mathis left San Francisco with the Nogas, who sold their interest in the Black Hawk club that year, moved to Beverly Hills, where the Nogas bought a house.
Mathis lived with the family. In 1958, Johnny's Greatest Hits was released; the album spent an unprecedented 490 consecutive weeks through 1967 on the Billboard top 200 a