SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS is a petition website operated by for-profit, Inc. an American certified B corporation which claims to have over 240 million users and hosts sponsored campaigns for organizations. The company is headquartered in California; the website serves to facilitate petitions by the general public. Corporations including Virgin America, organizations such as Amnesty International and the Humane Society, paid the site to host and promote their petitions.'s stated mission is to "empower people everywhere to create the change they want to see." Popular topics of petitions are economic and criminal justice, human rights, environmental protection, animals rights and sustainable food. was launched in 2007 by current chief executive Ben Rattray, with the support of founding chief technology officer Mark Dimas, Darren Haas, Adam Cheyer. As of February 2012, the site had 100 employees with offices on four continents. By the end of 2012, Rattray stated "he plans to have offices in 20 countries and to operate in several more languages, including Arabic and Chinese."

In May 2013, the company announced a $15 million round of investment led by Omidyar Network and said it has 170 staff members in 18 countries. In 2011, claimed it was the subject of a distributed denial of service attack by "Chinese hackers", that the alleged attack was related to its petition to the Chinese government to release artist Ai Weiwei. In 2011, there was a proposal to merge the Spanish-speaking counterpart website Actuable into It took place in 2012 when they approved the voluntary union of Actuable users into the platform. In 2012, Arizona State University decided to block access to in response to a petition created by student Eric Haywood protesting "rising tuition costs at the school". University officials claimed that " is a spam site" and the blocking was conducted "to protect the use of our limited and valuable network resources for legitimate academic and administrative uses". It was reported on April 5, 2012, that hit 10 million members, was the fastest-growing social action platform on the web.

At that time, they were receiving 500 new petitions per day. On May 13, 2012, The Guardian, BBC News and other sources reported that would launch a UK-specific platform for petitions, placing in competition with 38 Degrees, a British not-for-profit political-activism organization. An August 2013 Fast Company's article reported that would soon begin featuring petition recipients, saying, "For the first time, companies will be able to post a public response to any given petition. They will be able to create their own Decision Maker page, which will show all petitions against them, the number of signatures gathered, their statuses." In summer 2017, a petition on called for /r/incels to be banned for inciting violence against women. In December 2011, a fourth-grade class in Brookline, launched the "Lorax Petition Project" through requesting Universal Studios to include more of an environmental message on its website and trailer for its upcoming film, The Lorax, a classic Dr. Seuss children's story.

The website and trailer lacked the important message from the book, "to help the environment". The petition collected over 57,000 signatures, on January 26, 2012, the studio updated the website "with the environmental message the kids had requested". On the morning of February 2, 2012, Stef Gray, a 23-year-old graduate in New York, held a news conference at the Washington offices of Sallie Mae where she presented the results of her, Sallie Mae, the "nation's largest private student-loan provider" petition, which had received about 77,000 signers. That afternoon the company changed its forbearance fee policy. In November 2013, Aaron Thompson from Tuscaloosa, Alabama started a petition, directed at Seth MacFarlane to bring back Brian Griffin on the TV series Family Guy, after he was killed off in the Season 12 episode "Life Of Brian". Thompson's petition gained 30,000 signatures within 36 hours; the character was brought back to the show a few episodes later. However, this was not a result of the petition.

In September 2014, Karol Wilcox of Hayti, Missouri started a petition against the planned execution of Beau, a two-and-a-half-year-old dog in Dyersburg, for killing a duck on his owner's property. By November, this petition had gained over 540,000 signatures; the petition worked and the dog was spared. After the 2016 United States presidential election, in which Donald Trump was declared President-elect of the United States, there were mass protests; as part of these protests, one California man started a petition on November 10, 2016, which called for electors in states that Trump won to become faithless electors and cast their vote for Hillary Clinton instead at state Electoral College meetings. The petition acquired over 4 million signatures by November 2016, only 4 days after it started. By November 23, 2016, it had gotten 4.5 million signatures. The petition failed as, on December 19, 2016, Trump gained the presidency with 304 electors; the petition closed with 4.9 million signatures, the highest in history, until March 5, 2019, when it was surpassed by a petition opposing the Article 13 of the proposed Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market.

On November 3, 2017, following sexual assault claims made against actor Kevin Spacey, Netflix fired the actor from, stalled the production of

Robert Malpas

Sir Robert Malpas, CBE FREng FRSA is a British engineer and businessman. Much of his career was spent with ICI, he was Chairman of ICI Europa Ltd and a member of the ICI Main Board before becoming a managing director of BP, Chairman of PowerGen and the Cookson Group, Co-Chairman of Eurotunnel. In April 2018, Mulpas was pushed onto the tracks at Marble Arch station where he suffered serious injuries, his pusher was sentenced to life in prison in June 2019. The son of Cheshyre Malpas and his wife Louise Marie Marcelle Malpas, he was educated at Taunton School and St George's College, Argentina, at Durham University, where he read for a Mechanical engineering BSc degree, graduating with first-class honours. In 1948 Malpas joined Imperial Chemical Industries, remaining with the company until 1963, he transferred to Alcudia SA, a Spanish company almost half-owned by ICI, in 1965 to ICI Europa Ltd, based in Brussels. He became Chairman of ICI Europa Ltd in 1973 and from 1975 to 1978 was a member of the ICI Main Board.

From 1978 to 1982 he was President of Halcon International Inc. from 1983 to 1989 a Managing director of BP, from 1990 Chairman of PowerGen, from 1991 to 1998 Chairman of the Cookson Group serving as Co-Chairman of Eurotunnel from 1996 to 1998. From 1998 to 2002 he was Chairman of Ferghana Partners Ltd, he was a director of Repsol SA, the BOC Group, Enagas and Agcert PLC. In retirement, he is chairman of the board of RL Automotive, his book Energy for Planet Earth, based on a series of articles which appeared in a special issue of Scientific American in 1990, considers the factors governing the way people use energy, dividing them into economic and social forces. In 1956 Malpas married firstly Josephine Dickenson. After her death in 2004 he married secondly, in Joan Holloway, he served as a Member of the Engineering Council from 1983 to 1988 and was its Vice-Chairman from 1984 to 1988. In Who's Who he states his recreations as "Sport, theatre, golf". On 27 April 2018, Malpas was pushed onto the train tracks at Marble Arch tube station suffering a broken pelvis and a head wound.

A bystander rescued him from the track, the perpetrator was found guilty of attempted murder and jailed for life. Energy for Planet Earth Order of Civil Merit, Spain, 1967 Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering Commander of the Order of the British Empire, 1975 Hon. Doctorate, University of Loughborough, 1983 Hon. Doctorate, University of Surrey, 1984 Hon. Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry, 1988 Hon. Doctorate, University of Newcastle, 1991 Hon. DSc, University of Bath, 1991 Hon. Fellow, University of Westminster, 1992 Hon. Doctorate, University of Durham, 1997 Knight Bachelor, 1998 Hon. FIMechE, 1999 Hon. Doctorate, Sheffield Hallam University, 2001

Port Denison, Western Australia

Port Denison is a crayfishing town of 3000 residents in the Mid West region of Western Australia. Its local government area is the Shire of Irwin and it is located 4 kilometres southwest of Dongara on the Indian Ocean coast. Port Denison was known as Irwin Port in 1866 due to its position near the mouth of the Irwin River. However, when it was named and gazetted in 1867, it was renamed in honour of Sir William Denison, a former Governor of Tasmania who in 1851 had visited Western Australia in connection with transportation of convicts. Media related to Port Denison, Western Australia at Wikimedia Commons