In music, a single or record single is a type of release, typically a song recording of fewer tracks than an LP record, an album or an EP record. This can be released for sale to the public in a variety of different formats, in most cases, a single is a song that is released separately from an album, although it usually also appears on an album. Typically, these are the songs from albums that are released separately for promotional uses such as digital download or commercial radio airplay and are expected to be the most popular, in other cases a recording released as a single may not appear on an album. As digital downloading and audio streaming have become prevalent, it is often possible for every track on an album to also be available separately. Nevertheless, the concept of a single for an album has been retained as an identification of a heavily promoted or more popular song within an album collection. Despite being referred to as a single, singles can include up to as many as three tracks on them. The biggest digital music distributor, iTunes, accepts as many as three tracks less than ten minutes each as a single, as well as popular music player Spotify also following in this trend. Any more than three tracks on a release or longer than thirty minutes in total running time is either an Extended Play or if over six tracks long. The basic specifications of the single were made in the late 19th century. Gramophone discs were manufactured with a range of speeds and in several sizes. By about 1910, however, the 10-inch,78 rpm shellac disc had become the most commonly used format, the inherent technical limitations of the gramophone disc defined the standard format for commercial recordings in the early 20th century.26 rpm. With these factors applied to the 10-inch format, songwriters and performers increasingly tailored their output to fit the new medium, the breakthrough came with Bob Dylans Like a Rolling Stone. Singles have been issued in various formats, including 7-inch, 10-inch, other, less common, formats include singles on digital compact cassette, DVD, and LD, as well as many non-standard sizes of vinyl disc. Some artist release singles on records, a more common in musical subcultures. The most common form of the single is the 45 or 7-inch. The names are derived from its speed,45 rpm. The 7-inch 45 rpm record was released 31 March 1949 by RCA Victor as a smaller, more durable, the first 45 rpm records were monaural, with recordings on both sides of the disc. As stereo recordings became popular in the 1960s, almost all 45 rpm records were produced in stereo by the early 1970s
Christopher Ruben Studdard, is an American R&B, pop and gospel singer. He rose to fame as winner of the season of American Idol. In the years following Idol, Studdard has released six albums, including his platinum-selling debut, Soulful. He is most well known for his career, which has produced hits including Flying Without Wings, Sorry 2004, and Change Me. Studdard most recently appeared on the season of The Biggest Loser. He is signed to Verve Records and released his newest album, Unconditional Love, Studdard was born in Frankfurt, Germany, to American parents, while his father was stationed there with the U. S. Army, and grew up in Birmingham, Alabama. The youngest son of two teachers, at the age of three, he sang for the first time at the Rising Star Baptist Church in his hometown of Birmingham and he continued singing gospel in church, performing solos as a child while his mother sang in the local choir. While at Huffman High School, he played football for which he received a scholarship to Alabama A&M University, while at Alabama A&M he joined the Omicron Delta chapter of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia, the mens music fraternity of America. After growing up listening to his mothers Donny Hathaway albums, Fred Hammond and he sang with Just a Few Cats, a popular local Birmingham jazz and R&B band founded by members of Ray Reachs UAB Jazz Ensemble, along with other local musicians. Years later, Studdard stated, A lot of people dont realize how hard I was trying to get into the business before American Idol, I was making demos and just working so hard. A back-up singer from Just a Few Cats asked him to accompany her to Nashville, when auditioning, Studdard sang Stevie Wonders Ribbon in the Sky. This guided him to being one of the local finalists, during the televised competition, Studdard gained the nickname Velvet Teddy Bear and was noted for his shirts printed with 205, the telephone area code of his hometown of Birmingham. Studdard also did a version of For All We Know, originally recorded by Donny Hathaway. He won the contest over runner-up Clay Aiken by only 134,000 votes out of 24,000,000 cast in the May 2003 finale, Alabama Governor Bob Riley declared March 11,2003 as Ruben Studdard Day. ^Note 1 Due to Corey Clarks disqualification, the Top 9 performances became Top 8 when no one was eliminated, ^Note 2 When Ryan Seacrest announced the results for this particular night, Studdard was among the Bottom 2 but declared safe, as Trenyce was eliminated. Studdard released his first single, a cover of Westlifes Flying Without Wings, produced by The Underdogs and Babyface, fueled largely by sales, it debuted at number two on the Billboard Hot 100. In December 2003, advance orders for his album Soulful topped the one million mark before it was released into stores, the single Sorry 2004 from this album found substantial airplay, reaching number nine in the Billboard Hot 100 and number two on the Billboard R&B singles chart. Studdard received a Grammy Award nomination in December 2003 for Best Male R&B Vocal Performance for Superstar, in March 2004, Ruben won the NAACP Outstanding New Artist award
The Return (Ruben Studdard album)
The Return is the third album by American R&B artist Ruben Studdard and was released on October 17,2006, by J Records. The first single, Change Me, was released on July 31,2006, the album was met with mixed reviews from critics who complained about the production and Rubens performance. The Return debuted and peaked at number 8 but sales were low, Sony Music was accused of the unauthorized use of Louis Vuittons copyrighted Toile as part of the discs design. An undisclosed settlement was reached between Sony and LVMH, the parent company of Louis Vuitton, the album received mixed reviews from music critics. About. coms Mark Edward Nero was also critical of Studdards voice, saying that it had no potency much of the time, jody Rosen of Entertainment Weekly was more positive, saying that The productions bland, but his sweet singing carries the day. The album debuted and peaked at eight in the Billboard 200. The album sold only 237,000 copies in the U. S and it subsequently became his last album with J Records, having been dropped from their line-up in December 2007. Larry Jackson, A&R Chris Gehringer, mastering BGC2, Inc
Contemporary R&B, also known as simply R&B, is a music genre that combines elements of rhythm and blues, soul, funk, pop, hip hop and dance. The genre features a record production style, drum machine-backed rhythms, an occasional saxophone-laced beat to give a jazz feel. Electronic influences are becoming a trend and the use of hip hop or dance-inspired beats are typical, although the roughness. Contemporary R&B vocalists are often known for their use of melisma, popularized by such as Michael Jackson, R. Kelly, Craig David, Stevie Wonder, Whitney Houston. That same year, Teddy Riley began producing R&B recordings that included hip hop influences and this combination of R&B style and hip hop rhythms was termed new jack swing and was applied to artists such as Bobby Brown, Keith Sweat, Al B. Guy, Jodeci and Bell Biv DeVoe, the style became less popular by the end of the 1990s, but later experienced a resurgence. In 1990 Mariah Carey released Vision of Love as her debut single and it was immensely popular peaking at number 1 in many worldwide charts including the Billboard Hot 100, and it propelled Mariahs carrier. The song is said to have popularized the use of melisma. During the mid-1990s, Whitney Houstons The Bodyguard, Original Soundtrack Album sold over 40 million copies becoming the best-selling soundtrack of all time. Janet Jacksons self-titled fifth studio album janet. which came after her historic multimillion-dollar contract with Virgin Records, sold over twenty million copies worldwide. Boyz II Men and Mariah Carey recorded several Billboard Hot 100 No.1 hits, including One Sweet Day, Carey also released a remix of her 1995 single Fantasy, with Ol Dirty Bastard as a feature, a collaboration format that was unheard of at this point. Carey, Boyz II Men and TLC released albums in 1994 and 1995—Daydream, II and CrazySexyCool. In the late 1990s, neo soul, which added 1970s soul influences to the hip hop soul blend, arose, led by such as DAngelo, Erykah Badu. Hill and Missy Elliott further blurred the line between R&B and hip hop by recording both styles, beginning in 1995, the Grammy Awards enacted the Grammy Award for Best R&B Album, with II by Boyz II Men becoming the first recipient. The award was received by TLC for CrazySexyCool in 1996, Tony Rich for Words in 1997, Erykah Badu for Baduizm in 1998. At the end of 1999, Billboard magazine ranked Mariah Carey and Janet Jackson as the first, simultaneously, in the second half of the 1990s, The Neptunes and Timbaland set influential precedence on contemporary R&B and hip hop music. R&B acts such as Michael Jackson, Whitney Houston, Janet Jackson, Mariah Carey, Usher, in 2001, Alicia Keys released Fallin as her debut single. It peaking at one on the Billboard Hot 100, Mainstream Top 40
J Records was an American major record label owned and operated by Sony Music Entertainment, and was distributed through the RCA Music Group. The label was founded in 2000 and was dissolved into RCA Records in 2011, olivia was the first artist to sign to J Records, but was later dropped due to poor album sales. In 2001, the label found success with its multi-platinum record inaugural release, Songs in A Minor, the album of Alicia Keys. The same year, Lyric signed to the label and became the first female group act under J Records, by late 2001, J Records attained another success with the platinum-selling debut album by O-Town. Later, established artists like DAngelo, Luther Vandross, Jamie Foxx, and Monica would join the J roster, in 2002, BMG bought a majority stake in the label. The same year, J Records began functioning under the RCA Music Group, where Davis had been appointed president and CEO, in August 2005, J Records operations were merged with Arista Records, although both labels continued to release their own product. During the summer of 2011, RCA Music Group underwent a restructuring which shuttered J along with sister labels Jive, RCA Records will now start releasing all RCA Music Group releases under RCA Records. com Interview with J Records A&R Peter Edge
Harvey Mason Jr.
Harvey Jay Mason Jr. is an American record producer, songwriter and movie producer. He has written and produced songs for performers in the music industry including Aretha Franklin, Michael Jackson, Justin Timberlake, Britney Spears. Dre and Ice Cube in Straight Outta Compton and Mary J. Blige, Mason Jr. was born into a musical family. His father, noted jazz drummer Harvey Mason, Sr. and mother, Sally Mason, Harvey moved with his family to Los Angeles as a child and followed his father to many recording sessions with such greats as Quincy Jones, The Brothers Johnson and Herbie Hancock. Mason Jr. penned his first song at the age of eight for Grover Washington Jr. titled Love Makes It Better, after attending the University of Arizona on a basketball scholarship from 1986–1990 and playing in the 1988 Final Four, he began working as a songwriter/record producer. Some early work included tracks for British pop artist Michelle Gayles album Sensational in 1997 and he co-produced the jazz album Ratamacue with his father, Harvey Mason in 1997. In addition he worked with Mason Sr. s group Fourplay, in 1997, Mason Jr. also penned the track Truthfully which caught the attention of record producer, Rodney Jerkins. The track was produced for Brandys 1998 album Never Say Never, in 2000, Mason Jr. co-wrote the track I Like Them Girls with Damon Thomas for Tyreses album 2000 Watts. The success of song led to a partnership and the formation of Underdog Entertainment. In 2001, he collaborated with British designer and former member of the Spice Girls Victoria Beckham on her album including tracks like Girlfriend. In 2004, The Underdogs signed a deal through BMG under Clive Davis and created Underdog Music Publishing. In 2006, The Underdogs produced the soundtrack to the motion picture “Dreamgirls” which won the Critics Choice Award in 2007 for best movie soundtrack. After a three year hiatus, The Underdogs reunited in 2011 to produce Up 2 You for Chris Browns album F. A. M. E, the Underdogs wrote and produced the song The Living Proof performed by Mary J. Blige for the movie The Help. The Underdogs wrote and produced the single from Chris Browns album Fortune titled Turn Up the Music. In 2012 The Underdogs produced the vocals for the film Pitch Perfect, starring Anna Kendrick and Brittany Snow. In 2014, they produced South Korean girl group Girls Generations hit Mr. Mr. & its labelmate Exos Overdose, as well as the music for biopic Get on Up about the life of James Brown. In 2015, The Underdogs produced the music for the sequel to the widely successful Pitch Perfect movie, Pitch Perfect 2, Mason Jr. formed his independent company Harvey Mason Media in 2008. It encompasses his film and record productions, music publishing, and he produced the title track I Look To You along with Tricky Stewart and the cover of Song for You along with Stargate for Whitney Houstons 2009 album I Look To You