click links in text for more info

Char Dham Railway

The Char Dham Railway Indian Railways's proposed twin railway lines, will complement the Char Dham Highway project by connecting the holiest places of Hinduism called Chota Char Dham, from the existing Doiwala railway station near Dehradun to Gangotri and Yamunotri via a fork at Uttarkashi and another set of twin rail links from the upcoming railway station at Karnaprayag to Kedarnath and Badrinath via a fork at Saikot. The line is of strategic military importance and has been designated a national project; the Char Dham Railway has two different Y-shaped railways, with total of the following four individual rail lines: Doiwala–Dehradun–Uttarkashi–Maneri Gangotri Railway 131 km long route will have the following 11 stations: Doiwala, Sangatiyawala Khurd, Ampata, Kandisaur, Dunda, Athali and Maneri. Pilgrims will walk from Maneri to Gangotri; this will take the railway and Char Dham road highway at Gangotri closer to the large disputed India-China border area of Nelang Valley, in India's operational control.

Maneri to Gangotri is further 84 km. Uttarkashi–Palar Yamunotri Railway, 22 km long route will make a "Y" fork connection at Athali from the Gangotri railway above to reach at Palar railway station from where pilgrims will wtake road and track to Yamunotri. Palar to Yamunotri is further 42 km. Karnaprayag–Saikot–Sonprayag Kedarnath Railway 99 km long route will have the following 7 stations: Karnaprayag, Saikot, Chopta and Sonprayag. Pilgrims will walk 19 km from Sonprayag to Kedarnath Saikot–Joshimath Badrinath Railway, 75 km long route will make a "Y" fork connection at Saikot from the Kedarnath railway above to Joshimath, it will have the following 4 stations: Saikot, Tripak and Joshimath. Pilgrims will walk 37 km from Joshimath to Badrinath; this will take the railway and Char Dham road highway at Badrinath closer to the disputed valley on India-China border area of Barahoti, in India's operational control. Note: Rishikesh–Karnaprayag Railway is an under construction new railway link extension from the exiting Rishikesh railway station to Karnaprayag.

It will have the following 11 stations: Rishikesh, Byasi, Maletha, Dhari, Gholtir, Karnaprayag. Once this railway line is completed, India-China border will be closer to the rest of India by railway; the time taken to reach the strategic border military stations from Delhi will be reduced by providing safe and quick mode of public transport for personnel and equipment. After the Konkan Railway and Jammu–Baramulla line, this line will be the most challenging railway project in Indian Railways due to high mountains, a large number of tunnels and high bridges and severe cold weather in flood and earthquake prone high altitude mountainous area. Char Dham Railway project's 327 km long construction, costing INR ₹43,292 crore, began with the foundation stone laying and commencement of INR ₹120 crore Final Location Survey in May 2017 by the Union Railway minister Suresh Prabhu. In January 2018, Reconnaissance Survey was complete, Final Survey using airborne electromagnetic technique was underway by Turkish-Ukrainian company, which will be completed in 2 years, after which track laying would begin in December 2019

The Penultimate Peril

The Penultimate Peril is the twelfth novel in the children's novel series A Series of Unfortunate Events by Lemony Snicket. The Baudelaire orphans, Violet and Sunny are travelling with pregnant V. F. D. member Kit Snicket to Hotel Denouement, the last safe place for volunteers to gather. She tells them that, prior to V. F. D.’s gathering in two days, they will be disguised as concierges to observe the mysterious'J. S.’ in order to identify him as a volunteer or a villain of V. F. D; the hotel's managers are identical triplets Frank and Ernest - Frank is a volunteer, while Ernest is on the opposing side as a villain, Dewey is someone of legend who many do not believe exists. He has created a book cataloging all information of the V. F. D. During their first day of disguised employment, the Baudelaires split up to assist the hotel's guests - Violet assists Esmé Squalor and Carmelita Spats by bringing them a harpoon gun, Klaus assists Charles and Sir by escorting them to the sauna while hanging flypaper outside a window for one of the managers, Sunny assists Hal, Vice-Principal Nero, Ms. Bass and Mr. Remora while locking a V.

F. D device onto a door of the laundry room, converting it into a Vernacularly Fastened Door - all the guests discuss the mysterious J. S. and together the siblings discuss who asked for what, as each of them run into a separate manager. Klaus concludes that Carmelita Spats requested the harpoon gun to shoot down a bird carrying the sugar bowl, as Sunny mentioned that Hal and a manager were discussing the sugar bowl and the Medusoid Mycelium - the flypaper would retrieve the bird's body, the sugar bowl would fall into the laundry room, in which the room's door was converted into a Vernacularly Fastened Door. Shortly after his proposal, a man encounters them and reveals himself as Dewey Denouement, the third of the secretly three brothers, he tells them that a pool reflection of the hotel is the actual safe place, as the hotel's words and structure were designed backward to reflect the actual words onto the pool - beneath the pool is an underwater catalog containing crucial information concerning V.

F. D, they are encountered by Jerome Squalor and Justice Strauss, who have joined V. F. D. after believing messages being sent to J. S were being addressed to them. While the four re-enter the hotel, Count Olaf intercepts them, threatens Dewey with a harpoon gun for the code needed to access the Vernacularly Fastened Door - while the children attempt to prevent the killing, Mr. Poe enters, causing Olaf to shove the weapon into the Baudelaires' hands - surprised, they drop the gun, initializing its trigger to pull and kill Dewey; as a crowd arrives, the Baudelaires and Olaf are sent to court. The other two judges are revealed to be The Man with a Beard But No Hair and The Woman With Hair But No Beard. During the hearing, the Baudelaires realize that it was a trick for Olaf to kidnap Justice Strauss, pursue the sugar bowl, burn the hotel and its inhabitants. Klaus, realizing that the sugar bowl was underneath the pool, reveals the door code to Olaf. Violet gains access to a boat for all of them to escape the authorities, while Sunny assists in burning the hotel as a signal to V.

F. D. that the gathering has been canceled due to the invasion of enemies. The Baudelaires, along with Justice Strauss, attempt to alert everyone about the fire. Shortly after the authorities arrive, the orphans, along with Olaf, are about to disembark by sea. Sunny apologetically bites her hand, the four sail away from the area, out to sea. Dutch: "Het voorlaatste gevaar" Finnish: "Ratkaisun rajoilla", WSOY, 2006, ISBN 951-0-32089-7 French: "Le Pénultième Péril" German: ”Das haarsträubende Hotel” Japanese: "終わりから二番目の危機", Soshisha, 2007, ISBN 978-4-7942-1623-6 Norwegian: ”Den tolvte trussel”, Tor Edvin Dahl, Cappelen Damm, 2006, ISBN 9788202259754 Persian: “خطر ما قبل اخر" Polish: ”Przedostatnia pułapka” Russian: "Предпоследняя передряга", Azbuka, 2007, ISBN 5-352-02021-5 The book was adapted into the fifth and sixth episodes of the third season of the television series adaptation produced by Netflix

Meredith Burgmann

Meredith Anne Burgmann is an Australian politician and Labor Party member and a former President of the New South Wales Legislative Council. Burgmann was born in July 1947 at Beecroft, New South Wales to parents Victor Dudley Burgmann and Lorna Constance Bradbury, her late father was a chairman of the CSIRO. Her sister is Verity Burgmann, she attended Blackfriars Correspondence School and Abbotsleigh School in Sydney, where she was headgirl. She attended Sydney University and obtained a Bachelor of Arts in 1969, majoring in English and Government, she continued her studies at the University and obtained a Master of Arts in 1973 specialising in Foreign Policy. In 1981 she completed her doctorate on Industrial Relations at Macquarie University, she became the first female President of the National Tertiary Education Union. Burgmann joined the Australian Labor Party in 1971, she was involved in the Industrial Relations Committee between 1990 and 1995, the Foreign Affairs Committee between 1986 and 1990, as well as being a delegate to the Sydney Federal Executive Council.

She was a Member of the New South Wales Labor Council between 1978 and 1991 and of the ACTU Congress between 1983 and 1989. She was a tutor and lecturer at Macquarie University from 1974, became a senior lecturer at Macquarie University in 1989 and remained in that role until 1991, she taught Politics. In 1985 she married Glen Batchelor and they have one son. Batchelor and Burgmann divorced in 1990; some of her first forays into politics have been as an activist. She has been arrested 21 times and spent time in prison for running onto the Sydney Cricket Ground in 1971 during the Springboks tour, she claims to be the only person sent to prison for running onto a sporting field during a major sporting event. She was elected to the New South Wales Legislative Council on 25 May 1991; as an upper house member of parliament, she served as the chair on the Parliamentary Privileges and Ethics Committee. In that committee, she led an inquiry into certain paedophile conspiracy allegations made by former politician Franca Arena.

It was acknowledged that the committee observed procedural fairness during that inquiry, that her time as a politician has shown her to be an "independent and intellectual member" of the New South Wales Parliament. On 8 April 1999, she was appointed as the President of the Council by the Premier Bob Carr to replace retiring president Virginia Chadwick, she was elected as President of the Council on 11 May. As President, she continued to reduce the size and scale of the traditional opening of State Parliament. For the 1999 opening, she axed the nineteen gun salute and she invited just three ambassadors, one from Thailand and the other two from Cuba and Vietnam; this was criticised for being left leaning. She further angered monarchists when she ordered the removal of the Queen’s portrait from the President’s Office and replaced it instead with an Aboriginal dot painting, she retired as President on 27 March 2007 at the expiry of her term as a member of the Council. She is the longest serving female presiding officer in Australia.

She is aunt of comedian Charles Firth and former New South Wales Minister for Education and Training, Women Verity Firth. In 1993, Burgmann started the Ernie Awards to draw attention to comments regarded as misogynist, in 2007 published with Yvette Andrews The Ernies Book: 1000 Terrible Things Australian Men Have Said About Women, she has published articles on industrial and Aboriginal rights issues. In 1998 Burgmann and her sister Verity Burgmann wrote Green Bans, Red Union: Environmental Activism and the New South Wales Builders Labourers' Federation, published through University of New South Wales Press. In the September 2008 New South Wales Council elections, Burgmann ran for the positions of Lord Mayor and councillor in the City of Sydney Council, she was defeated in the mayoral ballot by incumbent Lord Mayor Clover Moore, becoming Labor's only councillor on the Council. Burgmann is a Consultant to the United Nations Development Program. Burgmann was made a Member of the Order of Australia in the 2020 Australia Day Honours for "significant service to the people and Parliament of New South Wales."Burgmann is an Ambassador for the Sydney Swans.

Burgmann is President of the Australian Council for International Development, the peak body for the Australian NGO international aid and development sector

Ji-man Choi

Ji-man Choi is a South Korean professional baseball designated hitter, first baseman, outfielder for the Tampa Bay Rays of Major League Baseball. He played for the Los Angeles Angels in 2016, New York Yankees in 2017, Milwaukee Brewers in 2018, he was a member of Korea's U18 national baseball teams. Choi signed with the Seattle Mariners before the 2010 season, he was sent to their Arizona League affiliate to begin his professional baseball career. With the Arizona League Mariners, Choi batted.378 with 23 runs scored, 51 hits, 15 doubles, two triples, one home run, 23 runs batted in, 10 stolen bases in 39 games played. Amongst league batters, Choi was second in on-base percentage, slugging percentage. Choi played 11 games with the Class A-Advanced High Desert Mavericks of the California League that season. On August 24, in a game against the Inland Empire 66ers, Choi hit his first and only home run with the Mavericks. With the Mavericks, he batted.302 with seven runs scored, 13 hits, one double, one triple, one home run, seven RBIs.

Combined between the two teams, Choi batted.360 with 30 runs scored, 64 hits, 16 doubles, three triples, two home runs, 30 RBIs in 50 games played. On defense between the two clubs, he played 34 games as a first baseman and 10 as a catcher, committing two errors. After the season, he was named the Arizona League Most Valuable Player; the Seattle Mariners named Choi as their top position player on their Arizona League affiliate. Choi played for the Jackson Generals of the Class AA Southern League in 2013, he was named to the World Team roster of the All-Star Futures Game. Choi was added to the Mariners 40-man roster on November 20, 2013. On April 17, 2014, Choi was suspended for 50 games after testing positive for methandienone. Choi sustained a fractured fibula in the first game of Mariners' spring training in 2015, as he leaped at first base to try to save an errant throw from farmhand Tyler Smith at shortstop; the next day, he was designated for assignment. He signed a minor league contract with the Baltimore Orioles in November 2015.

Choi was selected by the Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim in the 2015 Rule 5 draft. Choi made the Angels' Opening Day roster, he made his major league debut on April 5; the Angels designated him for assignment on May 11. On May 15, Choi cleared waivers and accepted an outright to the Salt Lake Bees of the Class AAA Pacific Coast League, thus remaining with the Angels. Choi returned to the majors on July 9 in place of injured C. J. Cron. Choi hit his first career major league home run off the Texas Rangers starter A. J. Griffin at Angel Stadium of Anaheim on July 19, 2016. On December 23, 2016, Choi was designated for assignment, he was released. Choi signed a minor league contract with the New York Yankees, receiving a non-roster invitation to spring training. At the end of spring training Choi was assigned to the Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders of the Class AAA International League; the Yankees promoted Choi to the major leagues on July 4, 2017. In his first game with the Yankees, Choi hit a 457-foot two-run home run.

He was designated for assignment on July 19, 2017, assigned outright to the Triple-A Scranton/Wilkes-Barre RailRiders on July 23, 2017. On January 15, 2018, Choi signed a minor league deal with the Milwaukee Brewers, his contract was purchased by the Brewers on March 28, 2018, he was assigned to the Opening Day roster. After assignment to the Brewers AAA minor league team, Choi was recalled on May 18, 2018 to the Brewers active roster. Choi homered in his first at-bat as designated hitter against the Minnesota Twins. On June 9, 2018, Choi hit, it was the Milwaukee Brewers' first grand slam of 2018. The day after his grand slam with the Brewers, Choi was traded to the Tampa Bay Rays for Brad Miller. Choi was optioned to Triple-A Durham Bulls late that day; the Rays promoted Choi to the major leagues on July 11, 2018. In 49 games for the Rays, Choi hit.269 with 27 RBIs. The following season, Choi established himself in the lineup throughout the year, hitting.261 with 19 home runs and 63 RBI. Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference

Holmen Naval Base

Naval Station Holmen is one of several naval stations of the Royal Danish Navy, supplementing the two Danish naval bases in Frederikshavn and Korsør. Founded in the late 17th century it is a visitor attraction with many historical buildings that has played a vital role in the history of Denmark as well as Copenhagen; the naval base used to occupy the entire area of Holmen, in fact created by a series of landfills to house it, but is now confined to its northernmost island of Nyholm. Holmen was for many years the base of command for the Danish Naval Flag and has through the times been called Nyholm, the Navy's Base and Naval Station or Naval Base, Copenhagen, it was never named Naval Station Holmen though many people not in the Navy have used this name. For over 300 years, Holmen was Denmark's largest employer. Today the Navy only has a single institution left on Holmen. Since the 1990s, the area has been opened to the public. Erik Menved was the first Danish king to establish a naval port in Copenhagen.

The fleet, under the command of Valdemar Atterdag was moved to Vordingborg, but Erik of Pommern moved the fleet back to Copenhagen and King Hans built a shipyard in Copenhagen. Christian IV of Denmark built a "war port" on Slotsholmen, but the harbour's basin has been filled since and today is the site of the Royal Library; the buildings around the harbour housed supplies for the Navy. As ships started to grow in size, the war port became too small, the fleet moved to Bremerholm. Under Christian the 6th, a dock was established in 1739 at Christianshavn, close to where Strandgade is today; this dock existed up to 1871 when it was taken over by Copenhagen's Harbor Control, the docks were filled. The name Gammel Dok still show. Since the city was growing, it was not practical to have the Navy Fleet stationed in the centre of the city; the ships were, of course, were fire hazards. The seamen on the ships threw their waste and trash directly into the harbor, which had a negative impact on the city's health.

In 1680, a plan was made to move the fleet out of the city. Responsibility for the plan was given to Admiral Niels Juel. West of a sandbank called Revshalen, old ships were scuttled after being filled with stones. In 1685, a defence wall with seven bastions was built; the bastions still exist today, in Carls and Wilhems Bastion, one can still see the original black powder depots. These depots are Holmen's oldest buildings, built in 1688 and 1690; the northern bastion was Charlotte Amalies Bastion, north of this two cannon batteries were established, "Batteriet Quintus" and "Batteriet Neptunus". The latter's name came from the sunken ship, the foundation for the battery; this battery was renamed to "Christiani Sixti Batteri", or "Christian the Sixth's Battery", but is known today as "Batteriet Sixtus" or just "Sixtus". The sinking of ships continued, filled with mud from the harbor and the trash from Copenhagen's streets. In certain streets, there was over a meter of trash, so there was plenty to take.

This is how the island, given the name Nyholm was created. On Nyholm, the foundation for a new shipyard was created; the first ship, set to sea from this shipyard was Dannebrog in 1692. This ship was blown up on 1710, in a battle against the Swedes in Køge Bugt. Afterwards, the constructions of all large ships were moved to Nyholm, on Gammelholm, only smaller ships were built. After 1692, several ships were built on Nyholm and in 1750, for the first time a Danish king, Frederik the 5th, was wearing a naval uniform in connection with the christening of a new ship. In 1807, following the Second Battle of Copenhagen, the English destroyed three ships within the shipyard at Nyholm, but though these were poor times for the Navy, ship construction continued at Nyholm; the last ship to be launched from Nyholm was in 1918, after which ship construction and several other operations were moved to Frederiksholm, to the south. The shipyard became a civilian operation with its own director. Holmen's southernmost island is Arsenal Island.

While development on Nyholm was continuing, a little island by the name of Motzmanns Plads, just north of Christianshavn, was bought. It was renamed to Christiansholm. A new island was created, with landfill, just east of Christianholm, where a large arsenal was built and finished in 1770; this island was named Arsenaløen and was expanded to the east. A main gate existed to Nyholm. Nyholm wasn't just a name for the northernmost island but was the name for the area used by the navy. Access to the area required sailing to Holmen. A ferry sailed to Christiansholm. Here, one could go to Nyholm though a gate, which faced the canal between Arsenaløen and Christiansholm; the gate was called "The Kings Gate". It is not visited by many people anymore; this is because in the middle of the 19th century, Arsenaløen formed a land connection with Christianshavn, so a new main entrance was created to Holmen, the so-called Warf Bridge Guard, or Værftsbrovagt. The ferry to Christiansholm stopped and the Kings Gate was no longer used.

Around 1750, dumping of dirt and fill created two small islands south of Nyholm, "Ballastøen" and "Ankerøen", along with a larger island, "Langøen". From Nyholm, a bridge was built to Ballastøen and from Ballastøen to Ankerøen and from Ankerøen to Langøen. From Langøen's southern end, a bridge was built to Arsenaløen; this happened in the part of the 18th century. At this point, all of Holmen's islands were connected. East from Langøen

Counties of British Columbia

In British Columbia, eight counties are created in the "County Boundary Act". The counties are created for the administration of justice, are not used in the administration of government. Local government is organized by regional districts; the counties are: County of Cariboo County of Kootenay County of Nanaimo County of Prince Rupert County of Vancouver County of Victoria County of Westminster County of Yale Prior to 1895, the districts of the Province of British Columbia and its predecessors, the colonies of Vancouver Island and British Columbia, were separated into districts for county courts, supreme courts and shrievalties. The Counties Definition Act of 1895 defined the divisions as the five original counties of Victoria, Westminster, Yale and Kootenay; the act created procedure for the administration of justice including the appointment of registrars and sheriffs. Beginning in the colonial era, each county appointed its own high sheriff. Over the next century, duties of the county sheriff and his deputies ranged from tax collector to executioner.

In 1974, the county sheriffs became the British Columbia Sheriff Service. Established in 1884, there existed in British Columbia a County Court, an intermediate court between the Provincial Court and the British Columbia Supreme Court. In 1990, the County Court of B. C. merged with the B. C. Supreme Court and its judges became justices of same; the B. C. Supreme Court now sits in eight judicial districts; the judicial districts of the B. C. Supreme Court have the same boundaries of the counties of the former County Court; this is the only current usage of "county" in British Columbia, a reference only to such court districts and has no similarity to the meaning in other provinces of Canada, the United States or United Kingdom. County Boundary Act BC Government Dataset - County Areas Map