Drugs and devices in Year Zero
This is a comprehensive list of drugs and body augmentations from the Year Zero alternate reality game by Nine Inch Nails and 42 Entertainment. The Year Zero alternate reality game, its accompanying concept album of the same name, criticizes the United States government's policies as of 2007, projecting a dystopian vision of its impact on the state of events in 2022; the game has been underway since February 12, 2007 and is expected to continue for eighteen months. Parepin A psychotropic drug released into American water supplies, purported to reduce the risk of bioterrorism by bolstering the immune system. However, the creator of I am Trying to Believe claims to have debunked these myths as a conspiracy; the drug is known to reduce the sex drive of anyone who has ingested the drug, cause facial ticks and constipation, as well as subduing resistance to authority. Some people under the influence of the drug are known to have had hypnagogic hallucinations that of The Presence. Opal A new drug "the new crack", as it is cheaper to distribute and more available.
Dispensed in a small, pressurized glass tube with a syringe on one end, the drug, which appears as a black liquid, is dropped or injected directly into the eyes, or absorbed through the skin in powdered form with the aid of a solvent. While developed as a hallucinogenic sedative, it has become popular as a recreational drug, with users experiencing an intense religious, state of mind. At least one website notes a correlation between Opal use and sightings of The Presence. In a top-secret internal memo from Cedocore found here, Opal is revealed to be a product of Cedocore, via a subsidiary company by the name of "Wantzen-Tabard-Boutier", being distributed through organized crime. Blue pills Referenced in Be the Hammer. Nicknamed "die-agra", these pills are given to soldiers to reintroduce the aggression lost by taking Parepin, they are said to help "keep you frosty and get your soldier on."Red pills Also referenced in Be the Hammer. Nicknamed "blisters", "bloody mary", "jerk", these pills seem to be a more extreme version of the Blue pills, given to only the best soldiers.
They are said to "erase the line between fucking. Some of the damage is permanent." Due to the cryptic nature of its mention, it is unclear whether soldiers are either not allowed to see their families after taking the Red pills, or are not warned of the propensity of the prescribed user to become lethally violent during sex, but either way are told the drug's side effects only after they are given the pill. Others Anphylox Amproprax Avoprem Niraderm Phenylpro Prozira Sariferm Xarylax Zalaflo Zynacor Nerochip The nerochip is a tiny red device, implanted in the right wrist of all convicts of violent crimes, which traces the whereabouts of the person who carries it, they are required for certain privileges among the general public, such as being able to drive. They are known to come in different forms aside from implants. For example, earrings containing the device have become popular among the public; the device's name and functions may be derived from the Mark of the Beast. The Roman Emperor Nero is thought to have been the original candidate for the Antichrist of Christian teaching.
Red Horse virus Primarily described in Red Horse Vector, the Red Horse virus is a "hardy" biological agent "presenting many of the same symptoms of the Ebola virus without the attending fragility one would expect of Ebola." A video on Red Horse Vector shows the effects of the Red Horse virus on Jed Mather, a U. S. diplomat killed by Algerian terrorists. Additionally, a wiretapped conversation on 1-216-333-1810 describes an attack on an underground nightclub dubbed the "Star Chamber", where the characteristic symptom of "sweating blood" is described; the Copper A secret, government produced vaccine that prevents a person from contracting the Red Horse virus. The vaccine does have some side-effects such as having orange colored body secretions, having a copper scent, aversion to bright lights, skin sensitivity. Withdrawals from the Copper are fatal. "Year Zero Cast Study". 42 Entertainment. Archived from the original on 2008-04-11. Retrieved 2008-04-09. Frank Rose. "Secret Websites, Coded Messages: The New World of Immersive Games".
Wired. Retrieved 2008-01-08. Official Year Zero page at NIN.com Year Zero Research at the unofficial NIN Wiki echoingthesound – discussion forum regarding the ARG IAmTryingToBelieve United States Wiretap for a Safer America Case No. - 71839J Cedocore Hycephamitamyn-η Operation Chip Sweep Operation Swamp 0000 Grace the Teacher Red Horse Vector Mining for Life
Pretty Hate Machine
Pretty Hate Machine is the debut studio album by American industrial rock band Nine Inch Nails, released on October 20, 1989 by TVT Records. The album is compiled of reworked tracks from the Purest Feeling demo, as well as songs composed after its original recording. Production of the record was handled among other contributors; the album bears little in resemblance to NIN's succeeding work, featuring a more synth-driven electronic sound blended with industrial and rock elements. Lyrically, it contains themes of angst and betrayal, in addition to the recurring theme of lovesickness; the record was promoted with three singles: "Down in It", "Head Like A Hole", "Sin", as well as an accompanying tour, the Pretty Hate Machine Tour Series. A remastered edition was released in 2010. Although the record was commercially successful, reaching number 75 in the US, received favorable reviews from critics, the band's only constant member at the time, feuded with TVT over promotion of the album, which led him to sign with Interscope Records.
Retrospectively, it is viewed unfavorably by Reznor, critical of its themes and production. Pretty Hate Machine was certified triple-platinum by RIAA, becoming one of the first independently released albums to do so, was included on several lists of the best releases of the 1980s. During working nights as a handyman and janitor at the Right Track Studio in Cleveland, Reznor used studio "down-time" to record and develop his own music. Playing most of the keyboards, drum machines and samplers himself, he recorded a demo; the sequencing was done on a Macintosh Plus. With the help of manager John Malm, Jr. he sent the demo to various record labels. Reznor received contract offers from many of the labels, but signed with TVT Records, who were known for releasing novelty and television jingle records. Pretty Hate Machine was recorded in various studios with Reznor collaborating with some of his most idolized producers: Flood, Keith LeBlanc, Adrian Sherwood, John Fryer. Much like his recorded demo, Reznor refused to record the album with a conventional band, recording Pretty Hate Machine by himself.
"A lot of it sounds immature to me now," he stated in 1991 of the recordings that were two years old. "At first it sucked. I became withdrawn. I couldn't function in society well, and the LP became a product of that. It's quite small scale, claustrophobic – that's the feel I went for."After the album was released, a recording known as Purest Feeling surfaced. The bootleg album contains the original demo recordings of most of the tracks featured on Pretty Hate Machine, as well as a couple that were not used. Unlike the industrial music of Nine Inch Nails' contemporaries, Pretty Hate Machine displays catchy riffs and verse-chorus song structures rather than repetitive electronic beats. Reznor's lyrics express adolescent angst and feelings of betrayal by society, or God. Themes of despair are collocated with lovesick sentiments. Pitchfork's Tom Breihan categorized it as a synth-pop album, shaped by industrial music's "nascent new-wave period rather than its subsequent styles." According to Breihan, the beats were muscular, but not in the vein of metal or post-punk, that the most rock-inspired song on the album was "Head Like a Hole"."It's the all-purpose alternative album!"
Reznor quipped. "If you want to stage dive to it, you can, but if you're a big Depeche Mode fan, you can get what you need out of it as well."Music journalist Jon Pareles described the album as "electro-rock or industrial rock, using drum machines, computerized synthesizer riffs and processed sounds to detail, denounce, an artificial world." Tom Popson of the Chicago Tribune called it a dance album, characterized by industrial dance's aggressive sound: "Reznor's electronics-plus-guitar LP carries a brighter techno-pop element that might remind some of Depeche Mode. Things mellow out to moody atmospherics, while Reznor's vocals range from whispers to screams." PopMatters' A. J. Ramirez regarded the album as "a synthesizer-dominated industrial dance record that on occasion slipped under the alternative rock banner.""I like electronic music, but I like it to have some aggression," Reznor observed. "That'first wave' of electro music – Human League and Devo – that's the easiest way to use it. To be able to get some humanity and aggression into it in a cool way, that's the thing...
Pretty Hate Machine is a record you can get more out of each time. To me, something like Front 242 is the opposite: great at first but, after 10 listens, that's it." Prince, Jane's Addiction, Public Enemy are listed in the liner notes as artists whose music was sampled on the album. Segments of Prince's "Alphabet St." and Jane's Addiction's "Had a Dad" can be heard in "Ringfinger", unlike the other samples which were edited or distorted in order to be unrecognizable, such as the introduction to "Kinda I Want To". A speech from Midnight Express was sampled at low volume during the pause in "Sanctified". On the album's 2010 reissue, this sample is not present, most due to clearance issues. In 1990, Reznor formed a band, hiring guitarist and future Filter frontman Richard Patrick, began the Pretty Hate Machine Tour Series, in which they toured North America as an opening act for alternative rock artists such as Peter Murphy and The Jesus and Mary Chain. Nine Inch Nails' live set at the time was known for louder, more aggressive versions of the studio songs.
At some point, Reznor began smashing his equipment onstage (Reznor preferred using the heel of his
Not the Actual Events
Not the Actual Events is the fifth extended play by American industrial rock band Nine Inch Nails. It was released physically on December 23, 2016, under Trent Reznor's own label The Null Corporation, while those who had pre-ordered received a download link a day early; the second Nine Inch Nails EP of original material following Broken, it marks longtime collaborator Atticus Ross's first appearance as an official member of the band. The digital pre-orders included a "physical component", shipped in early March 2017; the EP is the first in a trilogy released between 2016-2018, preceding Add Violence and the band's ninth studio album Bad Witch. The EP received positive reviews from critics, who praised the return to Nine Inch Nails' older, more abrasive sound, debuted at number 26 in the US. In an interview promoting Apple Music, Trent Reznor mentioned he has started "messing around with some things" in regard to a new Nine Inch Nails album, stating, "It's not a record I'm trying to finish in a month.
It's more just feeling around in the dark and seeing what sounds interesting." In December 2015, Reznor reported that "Nine Inch Nails will return in 2016". He and Atticus Ross scored the soundtracks for Before the Flood and Patriots Day in 2016. In December 2016, Reznor commented on his statement regarding Nine Inch Nails' return by the end of the year: "Those words did come out of my mouth, didn't they? Just wait and see what happens." Three days Reznor announced Not the Actual Events, along with reissues of Nine Inch Nails' previous releases. In June 2017, in an email, issued out to customers waiting on delayed vinyl orders, Reznor confirmed that Not the Actual Events would make up the first part of a trilogy of EPs, with the second installment entitled Add Violence being released July 2017; the final EP of the trilogy grew into a studio album, Bad Witch, released on June 22, 2018. The EP marks a return to Nine Inch Nails' 1990s sound, departing from the texture and groove-oriented style of the previous album, Hesitation Marks.
It preserves electronic elements of the Hesitation Marks and Year Zero, but features "more organic elements" such as "noisy guitars, nostalgic piano lines and distorted bass used on The Fragile and With Teeth." Reznor described the record as "an unfriendly impenetrable record that we needed to make." The sound of the EP has been labeled as industrial metal. The intro track, "Branches/Bones", features the modern polished production and formulae of Nine Inch Nails' post-The Fragile output, it was compared to previous NIN tracks, including "1,000,000", "Discipline", "Wish" and "Starfuckers, Inc.". "Dear World," is a synthesizer-driven track, enhanced by sequencers and percussion as Reznor "speaks his thoughts on the downward path the society has taken." “She’s Gone Away” features guest vocals from Reznor’s wife, How to Destroy Angels vocalist Mariqueen Maandig. The song was written for then-upcoming Twin Peaks series, at the request of David Lynch. Dave Grohl drums on "The Idea of You", described as "a merger of industrial and alternative rock.
"Burning Bright" has been compared to the music of Godflesh. Reznor said of creating the EP: The digital pre-orders included a "physical component", due to be shipped in January 2017 but was delayed until March, it featured a black envelope containing liner notes on card posts along with a see-through photograph of Reznor and Ross. The release was controversial as it contained some form of black powder that caused a mess for a lot of fans. A warning label stuck on the back of the envelope read: To be read IN ITS ENTIRETY before opening. Actions have consequences! N. T. A. E. May contain subversive elements that produce feelings of euphoria and may be harmful and unsettling to the consumer; this physical package may lead to unrealized expectations or unexpected results upon opening. Caution should be exercised with both. AND THIS IS IMPORTANT… This will make a mess. By opening this envelope in any way, you assume all risks to your person and/or property, waive any claim against The Null Corporation, any of its subsidiaries or affiliated entities from any and all damages or harm you may incur.
The pre-orders for the vinyl version were released in August 2017. The vinyl A-Side contains the five tracks listed in the track listing, while the B-Side consists of the final three tracks of The Downward Spiral recorded in reverse. Critical reception for the EP was positive. At Metacritic, which assigns a rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album has received an average score of 74, based on 14 reviews, indicating "generally favorable reviews". Jason Pettigrew of Alternative Press praised the record, describing it as "everything we would expect from Reznor and Ross, offering textures we’ve never visited and contexts with conscience." Consequence of Sound critic Zoe Camp thought that the EP "stands, alas, as a pyre dependent on the kindling of nostalgia, as opposed to innovation," and wrote: "between the abundant déja vu and the periodical redundancy, Not the Actual Events' purported'impenetrability' manifests as a riotous retread instead." Pitchfork's Benjamin Scheim described it as "slight", but stated: "At moments it delivers the kind of visceral fury that NIN hasn't recreated since its mid-'90s Downward Spiral heyday."
Sputnikmusic staff writer Raul Stanciu praised the record, writing: "The impenetrable wall of sound Nine Inch Nails created here is admirable since everything is presented in just over 21 minutes." AllMusic senior critic Stephen Thomas Erlewine thought t
A prison known as a correctional facility, gaol, detention center, remand center, or internment facility, is a facility in which inmates are forcibly confined and denied a variety of freedoms under the authority of the state. Prisons are most used within a criminal justice system: people charged with crimes may be imprisoned until their trial. In simplest terms, a prison can be described as a building in which people are held as a punishment for a crime they have committed. Prisons can be used as a tool of political repression by authoritarian regimes, their perceived opponents may be imprisoned for political crimes without trial or other legal due process. In times of war, prisoners of war or detainees may be detained in military prisons or prisoner of war camps, large groups of civilians might be imprisoned in internment camps. In American English and jail are treated as having separate definitions; the term prison or penitentiary tends to describe institutions that incarcerate people for longer periods of time, such as many years, are operated by the state or federal governments.
The term jail tends to describe institutions for confining people for shorter periods of time and are operated by local governments. Outside of North America and jail have the same meaning. Common slang terms for a prison include: "the pokey", "the slammer", "the can", "the clink", "the joint", "the calaboose", "the hoosegow" and "the big house". Slang terms for imprisonment include: "behind bars", "in stir" and "up the river"; the use of prisons can be traced back to the rise of the state as a form of social organization. Corresponding with the advent of the state was the development of written language, which enabled the creation of formalized legal codes as official guidelines for society; the best known of these early legal codes is the Code of Hammurabi, written in Babylon around 1750 BC. The penalties for violations of the laws in Hammurabi's Code were exclusively centered on the concept of lex talionis, whereby people were punished as a form of vengeance by the victims themselves; this notion of punishment as vengeance or retaliation can be found in many other legal codes from early civilizations, including the ancient Sumerian codes, the Indian Manusmriti, the Hermes Trismegistus of Egypt, the Israelite Mosaic Law.
Some Ancient Greek philosophers, such as Plato, began to develop ideas of using punishment to reform offenders instead of using it as retribution. Imprisonment as a penalty was used for those who could not afford to pay their fines. Since impoverished Athenians could not pay their fines, leading to indefinite periods of imprisonment, time limits were set instead; the prison in Ancient Athens was known as the desmoterion. The Romans were among the first to use prisons as a form of punishment, rather than for detention. A variety of existing structures were used to house prisoners, such as metal cages, basements of public buildings, quarries. One of the most notable Roman prisons was the Mamertine Prison, established around 640 B. C. by Ancus Marcius. The Mamertine Prison was located within a sewer system beneath ancient Rome and contained a large network of dungeons where prisoners were held in squalid conditions, contaminated with human waste. Forced labor on public works projects was a common form of punishment.
In many cases, citizens were sentenced to slavery in ergastula. During the Middle Ages in Europe, castles and the basements of public buildings were used as makeshift prisons; the possession of the right and the capability to imprison citizens, granted an air of legitimacy to officials at all levels of government, from kings to regional courts to city councils. Another common punishment was sentencing people to galley slavery, which involved chaining prisoners together in the bottoms of ships and forcing them to row on naval or merchant vessels. From the late 17th century and during the 18th century, popular resistance to public execution and torture became more widespread both in Europe and in the United States. Under the Bloody Code, with few sentencing alternatives, imposition of the death penalty for petty crimes, such as theft, was proving unpopular with the public. Rulers began looking for means to punish and control their subjects in a way that did not cause people to associate them with spectacles of tyrannical and sadistic violence.
They developed systems of mass incarceration with hard labor, as a solution. The prison reform movement that arose at this time was influenced by two somewhat contradictory philosophies; the first was based in Enlightenment ideas of utilitarianism and rationalism, suggested that prisons should be used as a more effective substitute for public corporal punishments such as whipping, etc. This theory, referred to as deterrence, claims tha
In computing, an avatar is the graphical representation of the user or the user's alter ego or character. An icon or figure representing a particular person in a video game, Internet forum, etc, it may take either a three-dimensional form, as in games or virtual worlds, or a two-dimensional form as an icon in Internet forums and other online communities. Avatar images have been referred to as "picons" in the past, though the usage of this term is uncommon now, it can refer to a text construct found on early systems such as MUDs. The term "avatar" can refer to the personality connected with the screen name, or handle, of an Internet user; the word avatar originates in Hinduism, where it stands for the "descent" of a deity in a terrestrial form. The earliest use of the word avatar in a computer game was the 1979 PLATO role-playing game Avatar; the use of the term avatar for the on-screen representation of the user was coined in 1985 by Richard Garriott for the computer game Ultima IV: Quest of the Avatar.
In this game, Garriott desired the player's character to be his earth self manifested into the virtual world. Garriott did this because he wanted the real player to be responsible for the character's in game actions due to the ethical parables he designed into the story. Only if you were playing "yourself" Garriott felt, could you be judged based on your character's actions; because of its ethically-nuanced, story-driven approach, he took the Hindu word associated with a deity's manifestation on earth in physical form, applied it to a player manifesting in the game world. The term avatar was used in 1986 by Chip Morningstar in Lucasfilm's online role-playing game Habitat. Another early use of the term was in the paper role-playing game Shadowrun. In Norman Spinrad's novel Songs from the Stars, the term avatar is used in a description of a computer generated virtual experience. In the story, humans receive messages from an alien galactic network that wishes to share knowledge and experience with other advanced civilizations through "songs".
The humans build a "galactic receiver" that describes itself: The galactic receiver is programmed to derive species specific full sensory input data from standard galactic meaning code equations. By controlling your sensorium input along species specific parameters galactic songs astral back-project you into approximation of total involvement in artistically recreated broadcast realities... From the last page of the chapter titled "The Galactic Way" in a description of an experience, being relayed via the galactic receiver to the main characters: You stand in a throng of multifleshed being, mind avatared in all its matter, on a broad avenue winding through a city of blue trees with bright red foliage and living buildings growing from the soil in a multitude of forms; the use of avatar to mean online virtual bodies was popularised by Neal Stephenson in his cyberpunk novel Snow Crash. In Snow Crash, the term avatar was used to describe the virtual simulation of the human form in the Metaverse, a fictional virtual-reality application on the Internet.
Social status within the Metaverse was based on the quality of a user's avatar, as a detailed avatar showed that the user was a skilled hacker and programmer while the less talented would buy off-the-shelf models in the same manner a beginner would today. Stephenson wrote in the "Acknowledgments" to Snow Crash: The idea of a "virtual reality" such as the Metaverse is by now widespread in the computer-graphics community and is being used in a number of different ways; the particular vision of the Metaverse as expressed in this novel originated from idle discussion between me and Jaime Taaffe... The words avatar and Metaverse are my inventions, which I came up with when I decided that existing words were too awkward to use... after the first publication of Snow Crash, I learned that the term avatar has been in use for a number of years as part of a virtual reality system called Habitat...in addition to avatars, Habitat includes many of the basic features of the Metaverse as described in this book.
Despite the widespread use of avatars, it is unknown which Internet forums were the first to use them. Avatars on Internet forums serve the purpose of representing users and their actions, personalizing their contributions to the forum, may represent different parts of their persona, interests or social status in the forum; the traditional avatar system used on most Internet forums is a small square-shaped area close to the user's forum post, where the avatar is placed in order for other users to identify who has written the post without having to read their username. Some forums allow the user to upload an avatar image that may have been designed by the user or acquired from elsewhere. Other forums allow the user to select an avatar from a preset list or use an auto-discovery algorithm to extract one from the user's homepage; some avatars are animated. In such animated avatars, the number of images as well as the time in which they are replayed vary considerably. Other avatar systems exist, such as on Gaia Online, WeeWorld, Frenzoo or Meez, where a pixelized representation of a person or creature is used, which can be customized to the user's wishes.
There are avatar systems where a representation is created using a person's face with customi
Michael Trent Reznor is an American singer, musician, record producer, film score composer. He is the founder, lead vocalist, principal songwriter of the industrial rock band Nine Inch Nails, which he founded in 1988 and of which he was the sole official member until adding long-time collaborator Atticus Ross as a permanent member in 2016, his first release under the Nine Inch Nails name, the 1989 album Pretty Hate Machine, was a commercial and critical success. He has since released nine Nine Inch Nails studio albums, he left Interscope Records in 2007 and was an independent recording artist until signing with Columbia Records in 2012. Reznor was associated with the bands Option 30, The Urge, The Innocent, Exotic Birds in the mid-1980s. Outside of Nine Inch Nails, he has contributed to the albums of artists such as Marilyn Manson and Saul Williams, he and his wife, Mariqueen Maandig, are members of the post-industrial group How to Destroy Angels, with Atticus Ross and long-time Nine Inch Nails graphic designer Rob Sheridan.
Reznor and Ross scored the David Fincher films The Social Network, The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo, Gone Girl, winning the Academy Award for Best Original Score for The Social Network and the Grammy Award for Best Score Soundtrack for Visual Media for The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo. They scored the 2018 film Bird Box. In 1997, Reznor appeared in Time's list of the year's most influential people, Spin magazine described him as "the most vital artist in music". Michael Trent Reznor was born on May 17, 1965, in New Castle, the son of Nancy Lou and Michael Reznor, he has German and Irish ancestry and is a descendant of businessman George Reznor, who founded the heating and air conditioning manufacturer The Reznor Company in 1888. Reznor grew up in Pennsylvania. After his parents divorced, he lived with his maternal grandparents from the age of six, while his sister Tera lived with their mother, he showed an early aptitude for music. His grandfather, Bill Clark, told People magazine in February 1995 that Reznor was "a good kid... a Boy Scout who loved to skateboard, build model planes, play the piano".
He stated, "Music was his life, from the time. He was so gifted."Reznor has acknowledged that his sheltered life left him feeling isolated from the outside world. In a September 1994 interview with Rolling Stone magazine, he referred to his choices in the music industry: However, in April 1995, Reznor told Details magazine that he did not "want to give the impression it was a miserable childhood". At Mercer Area Junior/Senior High School, he learned to play the tenor saxophone and tuba, was a member of both the jazz and marching band; the school's former band director remembered him as "very upbeat and friendly". Reznor became involved in theater while in high school, was voted "Best in Drama" by classmates for his roles as Judas in Jesus Christ Superstar and Professor Harold Hill in The Music Man, he graduated in 1983 and enrolled at Allegheny College in Meadville, where he studied computer engineering. While he was a student at Mercer Area Junior/Senior High School, Reznor joined local band Option 30 and played three shows a week with them.
After a year of college, Reznor dropped out and moved to Cleveland, Ohio, to pursue a career in music. His first band in Cleveland was a cover band. In 1985, he joined The Innocent as a keyboardist. In 1986, he joined local band Exotic Birds and appeared with them as a fictional band called The Problems in the 1987 film Light of Day. Reznor contributed on keyboards to the band Slam Bamboo during this time. Reznor got a job at Cleveland's Right Track Studio as janitor. Studio owner Bart Koster commented: "He was so focused in everything he did; when that guy waxed the floor, it looked great." Reznor asked Koster for permission to record demos of his own songs for free during unused studio time. Koster agreed, remarking that it cost him "just a little wear on his tape heads". While assembling the earliest Nine Inch Nails recordings, Reznor was unable to find a band that could articulate his songs as he wanted. Instead, inspired by Prince, he played all the instruments. Reznor has continued in this role on most of the band's studio recordings, though he has involved other musicians, assistants and rhythm experts.
Several labels responded favorably to the demo material and Reznor signed with TVT Records. Nine selections from the Right Track demos were unofficially released in 1988 as Purest Feeling and many of these songs appeared in revised form on Pretty Hate Machine, Reznor's first official release under the Nine Inch Nails name. Most of Reznor's work as a musician has been as founding and primary member of Nine Inch Nails. Pretty Hate Machine was released in 1989 and was a moderate commercial success, certified Gold in 1992. Amid pressure from his record label to produce a follow-up to Pretty Hate Machine, Reznor secretly began recording under various pseudonyms to avoid record company interference, resulting in an EP called Broken. Nine Inch Nails was included in the Lollapalooza tour in the summer of 1991, won a Grammy Award in 1993 under "Best Heavy Metal Performance" for the song "Wish". Nine Inch Nails' second full-length album, The Downward Spiral, entered the Billboard 200 chart in 1994 at number two, remains the highest-selling Nine Inch Nails release in America.
To record the album, Reznor rented and moved into the 10050 Cielo Drive mansion, where the 1969 Manson Family murders took place. He built a studio space in the house, whic
Bad Witch is the ninth studio album by American industrial rock band Nine Inch Nails, released on June 22, 2018, by The Null Corporation and Capitol Records. Their first album since Hesitation Marks, it is the last of a trilogy of releases, following their two previous EPs Not The Actual Events and Add Violence. Like with their previous releases, it was produced by frontman Trent Atticus Ross; the record diverges from the style of previous Nine Inch Nails work, notably by the inclusion of jazz instrumentation in the music, including saxophone performances by Reznor. The album is reminiscent to David Bowie's final studio album Blackstar, whom Reznor had collaborated with two decades prior. At just over half an hour long, the record is Nine Inch Nails' shortest full-length release to date; the Cold and Black and Infinite North America 2018 Tour was announced alongside its release to promote the album, in addition to the album's sole single, "God Break Down the Door". Upon release, Bad Witch was well-received by critics.
The album reached number 12 in the UK, as well as the top five of various Billboard charts. In 2016, Nine Inch Nails planned a trilogy of EPs, starting with Not the Actual Events; the second EP, Add Violence, was released in 2017. Regarding the third entry in the trilogy and its delayed production, frontman Trent Reznor said: Following a handful of concerts in support of Add Violence, Reznor was enthusiastic to begin work on the final part of the trilogy. After experiencing creative difficulty in the studio, he and bandmate Atticus Ross decided to focus on doing something "exciting" and "risky", which included the incorporation of saxophone; those sessions led to Bad Witch, a studio album inspired in part by David Bowie. While Bad Witch was set to be an EP, it developed into a full-length album. Reznor saw the trio of planned EPs as one long album with three smaller components, after seeing how EPs tend to be overlooked, Reznor decided to promote Bad Witch to a full album. Musically, Bad Witch is a concise album that utilizes aggressive instrumentation and vocals associated with industrial rock and quieter, more somber music most prominent in the two instrumental tracks on the record.
Reznor employs a saxophone at multiple points on the album, he sings in a way dissimilar to his normal manner, with some critics comparing the style to Bowie's. The album incorporates diverse sounds and instrumentation reminiscent of many different genres and musical styles. Reznor's saxophone performances play a prominent role in the album, making the album distinct from previous releases by Nine Inch Nails; the only song on the album to be released as a single is "God Break Down the Door." The album contains two instrumental songs, "Play the Goddamned Part" and "I'm Not from This World," described as "a discordant, freeform jazz jam amidst clashing electronics" and "droning and hypnotic," respectively. The album's sixth and final track, "Over and Out", begins as a upbeat electronic song but ends as a protracted segment of white noise that concludes Bad Witch; this may be compared to the closing track of the Add Violence EP, "The Background World," a song which ends on a repeated loop, compressed into white noise.
Several critics have compared Bad Witch to Ross' film scores. Others likened the album to Bowie's Blackstar, some to Reznor's soundtrack for the 1996 video game Quake. On June 22, 2018, the album was released to retailers worldwide, it entered on several international charts and at 12 on the Billboard 200. Bad Witch received positive reviews from music critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream publications, the album received an average score of 77, based on 23 reviews. AllMusic's Neil Z. Yeung called the album "frustrating", but "the most cohesive and enveloping experience of this period". Terence Cawley of The Boston Globe gave Bad Witch a positive review, writing, "Reznor is still making records that crackle with restless energy. For an artist who once specialized in massive concept albums, the short-and-sweet approach of Bad Witch suits him well." Writing for NME, Tom Connick gave the album a perfect score, calling it the band's best release in a decade.
The Independent's Ilana Kaplan noted that despite being only thirty minutes long, the album was full of complexity and would be received as a sensory overload. Writing for Q, George Garner considered the album an "excellent reprisal" of Nine Inch Nails' "industrial aggression", concluding that after thirty years, the band sounded reinvigorated. Spencer Kornhaber of The Atlantic felt that Bad Witch does not reach the highs of 1992's Broken or 1994's The Downward Spiral, but it does not dishonor them either. Drowned in Sound's Christian Cottingham was more mixed on the album, criticizing it for relying too much on previous Nine Inch Nails sounds and material. Sam Sodomsky of Pitchfork wrote, "for the first time in a long time, Reznor sounds like he’s got his eye on the future." All tracks written by Atticus Ross. Credits adapted from the liner notes of Bad Witch. Nine Inch Nails Trent Reznor – arrangements, production, saxophone Atticus Ross – arrangements, production, programmingAdditional personnel Alan Moulder – mixing Tom Baker – mastering Chris Richardson – engineering Justin McGrath – engineering Ian Astbury – additional vocals Mariqueen Maandig – additional vocals