John Lobb Bootmaker
John Lobb Bootmaker is a company that manufactures and retails a luxury brand of shoes and boots for men, but for women. Leather goods such as wallets and belts are available. Founded by John Lobb, John Lobb Bootmaker has been in business since 1849 in London and circa 1900 in Paris; the original London hand made to measure workshop at 9 St James's Street, John Lobb Ltd, remains family-owned and continues to operate independently. In 1976, John Lobb Paris shop was acquired by the Hermès Group. Hermès have developed the John Lobb ready-to-wear shoes around the world; the two companies continue to maintain their bespoke shoe-making tradition with the original Lobb family workshop in London and the Hermès owned workshop in Paris. John Lobb produced footwear for European royalty. Following the success of the London base, John Lobb opened a shop in Paris circa 1900. In 1976, Hermès was allowed to use the John Lobb name. Only about 100 pairs of ready-to-wear shoes are finished per day; the original, family-owned Lobb still handmakes shoes one pair at a time.
Until the 1980s, John Lobb operated only custom-made activity in Paris. From 1982 onwards, the ready-to-wear activity has complemented the made to measure, distribution has extended; the London company was the subject of a 1945 British Pathé film, Shoes For The Famous, an episode of the June 2016 BBC Four documentary series, Handmade: By Royal Appointment. In 1976 John Lobb Paris became part of the Hermès Group; the London bespoke workshop, John Lobb Ltd, remains in the hands of the family and operates independently from its premises at 9 St James's Street. The ready-to-wear collection debuted in 1982 and the first store showcasing the line opened in Paris in 1990. In June 2014 the Hermès group announced the appointment of Paula Gerbase as John Lobb’s first Artistic Director. John Lobb Ltd John Lobb Sas
Nestlé S. A. is a Swiss transnational food and drink company headquartered in Vevey, Switzerland. It is the largest food company in the world, measured by revenues and other metrics, since 2014, it ranked No. 64 on the Fortune Global 500 in 2017 and No. 33 on the 2016 edition of the Forbes Global 2000 list of largest public companies. Nestlé's products include baby food, medical food, bottled water, breakfast cereals and tea, dairy products, ice cream, frozen food, pet foods, snacks. Twenty-nine of Nestlé's brands have annual sales of over CHF1 billion, including Nespresso, Nescafé, Kit Kat, Nesquik, Stouffer's, Maggi. Nestlé has 447 factories, operates in 189 countries, employs around 339,000 people, it is one of the main shareholders of the world's largest cosmetics company. Nestlé was formed in 1905 by the merger of the Anglo-Swiss Milk Company, established in 1866 by brothers George and Charles Page, Farine Lactée Henri Nestlé, founded in 1866 by Henri Nestlé; the company grew during the First World War and again following the Second World War, expanding its offerings beyond its early condensed milk and infant formula products.
The company has made a number of corporate acquisitions, including Crosse & Blackwell in 1950, Findus in 1963, Libby's in 1971, Rowntree Mackintosh in 1988, Klim in 1998, Gerber in 2007. Nestlé has a primary listing on the SIX Swiss Exchange and is a constituent of the Swiss Market Index, it has a secondary listing on Euronext. Nestlé's origins date back to the 1860s, when two separate Swiss enterprises were founded that would form the core of Nestlé. In the succeeding decades, the two competing enterprises aggressively expanded their businesses throughout Europe and the United States. In 1866, Charles Page and George Page, brothers from Lee County, Illinois, USA, established the Anglo-Swiss Condensed Milk Company in Cham, Switzerland, their first British operation was opened at Chippenham, Wiltshire, in 1873. In 1867, in Vevey, Henri Nestlé soon began marketing it; the following year saw Daniel Peter begin seven years of work perfecting his invention, the milk chocolate manufacturing process.
Nestlé was the crucial co-operation that Peter needed to solve the problem of removing all the water from the milk added to his chocolate and thus preventing the product from developing mildew. Henri Nestlé retired in 1875 but the company, under new ownership, retained his name as Société Farine Lactée Henri Nestlé. In 1877, Anglo-Swiss added milk-based baby foods to their products. In 1879, Nestlé merged with milk chocolate inventor Daniel Peter. In 1904, François-Louis Cailler, Charles Amédée Kohler, Daniel Peter, Henri Nestlé participated in the creation and development of Swiss chocolate, marketing the first chocolate – milk Nestlé. In 1905, the companies merged to become the Nestlé and Anglo-Swiss Condensed Milk Company, retaining that name until 1947 when the name'Nestlé Alimentana SA' was taken as a result of the acquisition of Fabrique de Produits Maggi SA and its holding company, Alimentana SA, of Kempttal, Switzerland. Maggi was a major manufacturer of related foodstuffs; the company's current name was adopted in 1977.
By the early 1900s, the company was operating factories in the United States, the United Kingdom and Spain. The First World War created demand for dairy products in the form of government contracts, and, by the end of the war, Nestlé's production had more than doubled. In January 1919, Nestlé bought two condensed milk plants in Oregon from the company Geibisch and Joplin for $250,000. One was in Bandon, they expanded them processing 250,000 pounds of condensed milk daily in the Bandon plant. Nestlé felt the effects of the Second World War immediately. Profits dropped from US$20 million in 1938 to US$6 million in 1939. Factories were established in developing countries in Latin America; the war helped with the introduction of the company's newest product, Nescafé, which became a staple drink of the US military. Nestlé's production and sales rose in the wartime economy. After the war, government contracts dried up, consumers switched back to fresh milk. However, Nestlé's management responded streamlining operations and reducing debt.
The 1920s saw Nestlé's first expansion into new products, with chocolate-manufacture becoming the company's second most important activity. Louis Dapples was CEO till 1937 when succeeded by Édouard Muller till his death in 1948; the end of World War II was the beginning of a dynamic phase for Nestlé. Growth accelerated and numerous companies were acquired. In 1947 Nestlé merged with a manufacturer of seasonings and soups. Crosse & Blackwell followed in 1950, as did Findus, Libby's, Stouffer's. Diversification came with a shareholding in L'Oreal in 1974. In 1977, Nestlé made its second venture outside the food industry, by acquiring Alcon Laboratories Inc. In the 1980s, Nestlé's improved bottom line allowed the company to launch a new round of acquisitions. Carnation was acquired for $3 billion in 1984 and brought the evaporated milk brand, as well as Coffee-Mate and Friskies to Nestlé. In 1986 Nestlé Nespresso S. A. was founded. The confectionery company Rowntree Mackintosh was acquired in 1988 for $4.5 billion, which brought brands such as Kit Kat and Aero.
The first half of the 1990s proved to be favourable for Nestlé. Trade barriers crumbled, world markets developed into more or less integrat
Axminster Carpets Ltd are an Axminster, Devon based English manufacturer of carpets the same-named Axminster carpets. Whilst visiting Cheapside Market, Devon-based weaver Thomas Whitty was impressed by a large Turkish carpet he saw. On his return to Axminster, he used his skills to work out how to produce a product of similar quality. After several months work he completed his first carpet on midsummer's day 1755. Whitty's carpets, looking much like horizontal-tapestries, became the benchmark for wealthy aristocrats to have in their country homes and town houses, between 1755 and 1835; the company produced Axminster carpets for: the music room of the Royal Brighton. King George III and Queen Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz purchased Axminster carpets and visited the factory. In 1800, the company made a 74-by-52-foot carpet for Mahmud II, the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, known today as the most famous Axminster Carpet of all. Depicting a blazing sun, moon and a whole constellation of stars, it cost £1000.
Carried out of the factory by thirty men from the local Congregational Church, it was placed in the Topkapi Palace. It was moved to the Defterdar Palace, where it became the property of Esma Sultan, the daughter of Sultan Mustapha III. In 1828, a disastrous fire destroyed. In 1835 the company owner, Samuel Rampson Whitty, the founder's grandson, was declared bankrupt. Blackmores of Wilton, near Salisbury, bought the remaining stock and looms and extended their business to include hand-knotted carpets, which were still called Axminsters. In July 2012, Axminster Heritage Ltd bought the now Grade II listed former original carpet factory in which Thomas Whitty founded the company and wove the first carpets, it now houses the town's heritage centre, incorporating the town museum and the tourist information centre. In 1929, Kidderminster-resident Scot's-born carpet manufacturer Harry Dutfield founded a new carpet company with his former schoolfriend Stephen Quayle. However, as the depression hit, the company became beset by Union problems.
Setting off for the 1935 London Motor Show to buy his first Jaguar car, Dutfield met a vicar on the train from the West Country, who told him that carpets had not been made in the town of Axminster since the 1828 fire. Returning home, Dutfield formulated a business plan to move his company to Axminster and relaunch Axminster Carpets Ltd, he persuaded the Southern Railway to extend its station at Axminster, from 1937 lease him land on which to build a suitable factory. At the outbreak of World War II, Dutfield converted the factory to produce stirrup pumps and aircraft parts, while Dutfield himself was an officer in the Home Guard. After hostilities ceased, with severe shortages of raw materials, keen fisherman Dutfield bought a wollen mill at Buckfast, near Buckfastleigh, which came with Salmon fishing rights on the River Dart; this enabled Dutfield to establish the company on its original basis, being the complete "from fleece to floor" carpet maker. After handing over day-to-day running of the company to his son Simon, Dutfield semi-retired from the company to pursue his hobby of fishing.
Awarded an MBE for his services to British exports, Dutfield died at his home in Axminster on 21 May 1999. Today, Axminster Carpets is the only manufacturer to purchase, card and dye its own yarn before weaving the carpet itself. To celebrate 250 years of carpet weaving in Axminster, in 2005 a commemorative rug was produced. Paraded by the company's weavers through the town, it was blessed by the Bishop of Exeter and presented to the Earl of Devon; the carpet is now in the home of Prince Charles. In 2012, Axminster was awarded a Royal Warrant for the supply of goods and services to the Royal Household; the modern Axminster-type power loom is capable of weaving high quality carpets with many varying colours and patterns, is manufactured all over the world. Due to their hard-wearing and durable nature, Axminster carpets are most used in country homes, luxury hotels, global airlines and train carriages; every Wetherspoon pub has a bespoke designed carpet manufactured by Axminster. Bertram, Jacob. Axminster Carpets 1755–1957.
Leigh-on-Sea: F Lewis. Company website
Fortnum & Mason
Fortnum & Mason is an upmarket department store in Piccadilly, with additional stores at St Pancras railway station and Heathrow Airport in London, as well as various stockists worldwide. Its headquarters are located at 181 Piccadilly, where it was established in 1707 by William Fortnum and Hugh Mason. Today, it is owned by Wittington Investments Ltd. Founded as a grocery store, Fortnum's reputation was built on supplying quality food, saw rapid growth throughout the Victorian era. Though Fortnum's developed into a department store, it continues to focus on stocking a variety of exotic and also'basic' provisions; the store has since opened several other departments, such as the Gentlemen's department on the third floor. It is the location of a tea shop and several restaurants. William Fortnum was a footman in the household of Queen Anne; the royal family’s insistence on having new candles every night resulted in large amounts of half-used wax, which Fortnum promptly resold for a tidy profit. The enterprising Fortnum had a sideline business as a grocer.
He convinced his landlord, Hugh Mason, to be his associate, they founded the first Fortnum & Mason store in Mason's small shop in St James's Market in 1707. In 1761, William Fortnum's grandson Charles went into the service of Queen Charlotte and the affiliation with the royal court led to an increase in business. Fortnum & Mason claims to have invented the Scotch egg in 1738; the store began to stock speciality items, namely ready-to-eat luxury meals such as fresh poultry or game served in aspic jelly. During the Napoleonic Wars, the emporium supplied dried fruit and other preserves to British officers and during the Victorian era it was called upon to provide food for prestigious court functions. Queen Victoria sent shipments of Fortnum & Mason's concentrated beef tea to Florence Nightingale's hospitals during the Crimean War. Charles Drury Edward Fortnum F. S. A. of the family, was a distinguished art collector and a Trustee of the British Museum, to which he donated his collection of Islamic ceramics.
In 1886, after having bought the entire stock of five cases of a new product made by H. J. Heinz, Fortnum & Mason became the first store in Britain to stock tins of baked beans. In April 1951, the Canadian businessman W. Garfield Weston acquired the store and became its chairman following a boardroom coup. In 1964, he commissioned a four-ton clock to be installed above the main entrance of the store as a tribute to its founders; every hour, 4-foot-high models of William Fortnum and Hugh Mason emerge and bow to each other, with chimes and 18th-century–style music playing in the background. Since Garfield Weston's death in 1978, the store has been run by his granddaughters, Jana Khayat and Kate Weston Hobhouse; the Managing Director is Ewan Venters. The store underwent a £24 million refurbishment in 2007 as part of its tercentenary celebrations. In March 2012, the Queen, Duchess of Cornwall and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge made their first official joint visit to Fortnum & Mason. During this visit, they were each presented with their own personalized hampers.
The Queen opened the Diamond Jubilee Tea Salon on the fourth floor. In November 2013, an additional store was opened at St Pancras International station, the first new store in the UK. Fortnum & Mason opened its first standalone store outside Britain in Dubai on 21 March 2014. In November 2010, animal rights group PETA UK began a campaign against Fortnum & Mason’s sale of foie gras citing the "cruelty" in the production process; the group holds demonstrations involving celebrities and volunteers outside the store. Celebrities supporting the campaign include Geezer Butler, Sir Roger Moore, Owain Yeoman, Tamara Ecclestone, Bill Oddie and Morrissey. Fortnum & Mason has been reprimanded by Westminster Trading Standards for misleading customers about its animal welfare standards; as a result, the grocer has changed its corporate social responsibility document to state that only UK suppliers are required to adhere to its welfare standards. On 26 March 2011, Fortnum & Mason was targeted by the group UK Uncut, who broke off from the main 2011 anti-cuts protest march to target the tax avoidance policies of Associated British Foods, like Fortnum & Mason, is owned by Wittington Investments.
This took the form of a mass sit-in, with some 138 UK Uncut protesters being arrested. On 14 November 2014, Fortnum & Mason released a rebranded and redeveloped London Dry Gin created as a partnership brand by The London Distillery Company Ltd; the London Distillery Company was approached by Fortnum and Mason in September 2014 to undertake the rebrand following continued in-store success of Dodd's Gin, created as a tribute to an 18th-century engineer and entrepreneur, Ralph Dodd. Design agency United Creatives were commissioned by The London Distillery Company CEO Darren Rook to undertake the label rebrand. Fortnum & Mason run drinks awards. In the words of F&M CEO Ewan Venters, the awards recognise ‘the pinnacle of high achievement in food and drink across the media’; the awards celebrate the best writers, presenters, image-makers and personalities working in the food and drink industry. The 2018 Awards ceremony was hosted by Claudia Winkleman and winners included Nadiya Hussain, Nigel Slater and Jay Rayner.
Harrods Jenners Media related to Fortnum & Mason at Wikimedia Commons Official website Bonhams – Fortnum & Mason
Britvic plc is a British producer of soft drinks based in Hemel Hempstead. It is a constituent of the FTSE 250 Index, it produces soft drinks under its own name. The company was founded in the mid-twentieth century in Chelmsford as the British Vitamin Products Company, it started producing fruit juices in 1938 and started marketing them under the Britvic name in 1949. Acquired by Showerings of Shepton Mallet, subsequently a division of Allied Breweries from 1968, the company changed its name to Britvic in 1971. In 1986 it acquired the R. White's Lemonade brand, it acquired Tango and the Corona brand from Beechams in 1987 and since that year it has owned the UK franchise for Pepsi and 7 Up. In 1995 it bought Robinson's from Colman. In December 2005 the company underwent an initial public offering allowing its main shareholders to realise their investments. In May 2007 the Company went on to buy the soft drinks and distribution businesses of Ireland's Cantrell & Cochrane for £169.5m. On 14 November 2012 the company announced plans to merge with Scotland's soft drink's producer A.
G. Barr, whose brands include Irn-Bru, Tizer and D'n'B, which would have created one of Europe's largest soft drinks companies; the merger was put into serious doubt after the Office of Fair Trading referred the merger to the Competition Commission. On 11 July 2013, A. G. Barr Chairman Ronnie Hanna announced that the proposed merger of Britvic and A. G. Barr had been abandoned. In May 2017, PepsiCo announced that it had decided to sell up to all of its long-held 4.5 per cent stake in Britvic. Although most of its operations are concentrated in the United Kingdom and Ireland, the company's international arm is expanding and it now exports to over 50 countries. Corporate headquarters moved from Chelmsford, Essex to Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, in March 2012; the company owns a number of leading brands in the UK including Britvic itself, R. White's Lemonade, Robinson's and J2O – as well as being the licensed bottler for PepsiCo products within the UK. In 2008 Britvic launched Gatorade in the UK, after securing the rights to do so from PepsiCo.
In May 2010, Britvic launched. It has a higher caffeine and sugar content. After their failed IPO C&C's sold their soft drink brands to Britvic, resulting in the company now owning a number of leading brands in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, Ballygowan water, Cidona, MiWadi, Energise Sport as well as the rights to Pepsi and 7 Up brands in the territory through its bottling agreements with PepsiCo. Britvic bought Fruité Entreprises in May 2010 for £298 million, it has since renamed the business Britvic France. It is a fruit juice business, unlike the GB&I businesses that focus on soft drinks. In 2015 Britvic acquired ebba, located in São Paulo, in 2017 Bela Ischia, located in Rio de Janeiro. Current brands are as follows: Official site
House of Angostura
The House of Angostura known as Angostura Limited, is a Trinidad and Tobago company famous for the production of Angostura bitters, invented by the company's founder. The company is a distiller and is the major producer of rum in Trinidad and Tobago; the company has been used as a vehicle for international expansion by its parent company, CL Financial. As a result of these acquisitions, the company owns distillers in the United States, The Bahamas and Suriname; the company was founded around 1830 in the Venezuelan town of Angostura by a German doctor, Johann Gottlieb Benjamin Siegert, Surgeon-General in Simon Bolivar's army in Venezuela. Around 1820 he had tried to find a medicine to improve appetite and digestive well-being of the soldiers. In 1830, Siegert exported his unique aromatic bitters to Trinidad. By 1850, he had resigned his commission in the Venezuelan army to concentrate on the manufacture of his bitters, since by demand had leapt ahead of supply. In 1862 the product was sampled in London, to great approval.
Upon his death in 1870, Siegert left the care of the company to his younger brother and son, who subsequently moved it to Port of Spain, Trinidad six years in 1876. Over the course of time, Angostura bitters and Dr. Siegert's company alone became purveyor to the King of Prussia and King George V. Today, angostura bitters are produced by various other vendors, some of which add the bark of the angostura tree. Angostura bitters are a key ingredient in many cocktails, for example in the Manhattan. Angostura brand bitters do not contain any angostura bark. There are several other companies that make bitters containing this bark, notably Fee Brothers and Riemerschmid; the word "Angostura" is the founding name of Ciudad Bolívar along the narrows of Venezuela's Orinoco River where Dr. Siegert was based, it was an important trading town with river access to the sea. In December 2016 questions arose regarding the integrity of Angostura rum, with CEO Robert Wong sent on administrative leave for two months.
Reports say Angostura breached EU rules of origin laws by purchasing bulk rum and repackaging it, without making any substantial changes. Javeed, Asha. "Audit into Angostura rum". Sunday Express. Sunday Express. Retrieved 11 December 2016. Forres Park Puncheon Rum: An over-proof rum developed for the exclusive use of the Fernandes family and their estate workers. White Oak: A white rum aged in American white oak barrels. Sold within the Caribbean and the top selling rum in Trinidad and Tobago. Fernandes Black Label: A golden rum, produced by Fernandes Distillers. Single Barrel Reserve: A blend of rums aged in single select bourbon oak casks for a minimun of five years. Angostura Reserva: A white rum sold internationally, aged for a minimum of three years before being filtered. Angostura 5 Year Old: A golden rum, available internationally aged for a minimum of five years. Angostura 7 Year Old: A dark rum, available internationally and aged for a minimun of seven years. 1919: A specially blended multiple award-winning rum, named for the year that it was blended.
1824: A premium Rum aged for a minimum of 12 years from casks specially selected by the master-blender. The name of this rum commemorates the year. 1787: A super-premium 15 year-old aged rum launched in 2016. 1787 marks the beginning of sugar production in Trinidad. Angostura No. 1 Premium Rum Cask Collection Batch: No. 1 is the first premium rum to be unveiled in The Cask Collection, a new limited-edition range dedicated to rums aged in special French bourbon casks. Aged 16 years. Only 15,030 bottles are available worldwide. Angostura No. 1: No. 1 is the first premium rum to be unveiled in The Cask Collection, a new limited-edition range dedicated to rums aged in special casks. Only 9,600 bottles are available worldwide. Legacy: A special blend of seven of the brand’s most rare and precious rums. Only 20 bottles have been produced and until 2014, this was the most expensive rum in the world. Media related to House of Angostura at Wikimedia Commons Angostura website