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Charitable trust

A charitable trust is an irrevocable trust established for charitable purposes and, in some jurisdictions, a more specific term than "charitable organization". A charitable trust enjoys a varying degree of tax benefits in most countries, it generates good will. Some important terminology in charitable trusts is the term ‘corpus’ which refers to the assets with which the trust is funded and the term ‘donor’, the person donating assets to a charity. In India, trusts set up for the social causes and approved by the Income Tax Department get not only exemption from payment of tax but the donors to such trusts can deduct the amount of donation to the trust from their taxable income; the legal framework in India recognizes activities including "relief of the poor, medical relief, preserving monuments and environment, the advancement of any other object of general public utility" as charitable purposes. Companies formed under Section 8 of the Companies Act, 2013 for promoting charity receive benefits under law including exemption from various procedural provisions of the Companies Act, either or in part, are entitled to such other exemptions that the Central Government may accord through its orders.

In the Islamic Republic of Iran religious charitable trusts, or bonyads, make up a substantial part of the country's economy, controlling an estimated 20% of Iran's GDP. Unlike some other Muslim-majority countries, the bonyads receive large and controversial subsidies from the Iranian government. In England and Wales, charitable trusts are a form of express trust dedicated to charitable goals. There are a variety of advantages to charitable trust status, including exemption from most forms of tax and freedom for the trustees not found in other types of English trust. To be a valid charitable trust, the organisation must demonstrate both a charitable purpose and a public benefit. Applicable charitable purposes are divided into four categories. There is a requirement that the trust's purposes benefit the public, not a group of private individuals; such trusts will be invalid in several circumstances. In addition, it is considered unacceptable for charitable trusts to campaign for political or legal change, although discussing political issues in a neutral manner is acceptable.

Charitable trusts, as with other trusts, are administered by trustees, but there is no relationship between the trustees and the beneficiaries. This results in two things. Rather, the beneficiaries are represented by the Attorney General for England and Wales as a parens patriae, who appears on the part of The Crown. Jurisdiction over charitable disputes is shared between the High Court of Justice and the Charity Commission; the Commission, the first port of call, is tasked with regulating and promoting charitable trusts, as well as providing advice and opinions to trustees on administrative matters. Where the Commission feels there has been mismanagement or maladministration, it can sanction the trustees, removing them, appointing new ones or temporarily taking the trust property itself to prevent harm being done. Where there are flaws with a charity, the High Court can administer schemes directing the function of the charity. In the United States, many individuals use charitable trusts to leave all or a portion of their estate to charity when they die, both for philanthropic purposes and for certain tax benefits.

Charitable trusts may be set up inter vivos or as a part of a will at death. There are two basic types of US charitable trusts- charitable remainder trusts and charitable lead trusts. Charitable remainder trusts are irrevocable structures established by a donor to provide an income stream to the income beneficiary, while the public charity or private foundation receives the remainder value when the trust terminates; these "split interest" trusts are defined in §664 of the Internal Revenue Code and are tax-exempt. A section 664 trust makes its payments, either of a fixed amount or a percentage of trust principal, to either the donor or another named beneficiary. If the trust qualifies under IRS code, the donor may claim a charitable income tax deduction for their donation to the trust. Additionally, the donor may not have to pay an immediate capital gains tax when the trust disposes of the appreciated asset and purchases other income-generating assets to fund the trust. At the end of the trust term, which may be based on either lives or a term of years, the charity receives whatever amount is left in the trust.

Charitable remainder unitrusts provide some flexibility in the distribution of income, may be helpful in retirement planning, while charitable remainder annuity trusts paying a fixed dollar amount are more rigid and appeal to much older donors unconcerned about inflation's impact on income distributions who are using cash or marketable securities to fund the trust. Charitable lead trusts are the opposite of charitable remainder trusts and first make payments to charity for the term of the trust; as with charitable remainder trust, payments may be either of a fixed amount (cha

Jack County, Texas

Jack County is a county located in the north central part of the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 9,044, its county seat is Jacksboro. The county was organized the next year, it is named for Patrick Churchill Jack and his brother William Houston Jack, both soldiers of the Texas Revolution. Since January 2013, Republican Drew Springer, Jr. a businessman from Muenster in Cooke County, has represented Jack County in the Texas House of Representatives. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 920 square miles, of which 911 square miles is land and 9.5 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 281 U. S. Highway 380 State Highway 59 State Highway 114 State Highway 148 State Highway 199 Clay County Montague County Wise County Parker County Palo Pinto County Young County Archer County As of the 2000 census, there were 8,763 people, 3,047 households, 2,227 families residing in Jack County; the population density was 10 people per square mile. There were 3,668 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile.

The racial makeup of the county was 88.68% White, 5.55% Black or African American, 0.67% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.83% from other races, 0.97% from two or more races. 7.89 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 3,047 households out of which 32.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.30% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.90% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.99. As of the 2010 census, there were about 4.1 same-sex couples per 1,000 households in the county. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 10.00% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 21.60% from 45 to 64, 15.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 120.40 males.

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 126.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,500, the median income for a family was $37,323. Males had a median income of $28,838 versus $20,216 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,210. About 10.10% of families and 12.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.90% of those under age 18 and 13.70% of those age 65 or over. The county is dominated by ranching, which has kept population density low; the extensive mechanization of agriculture has resulted in few workers. A $200 million 110 MW Keechi Wind Farm project with Enbridge, financed via a 20-year agreement with Microsoft, was announced. Bryson Jacksboro Perrin Antelope Cundiff Gibtown Jermyn Joplin Frank Shelby Groner. County attorney, President of College of Marshall Edith Wilmans, first woman elected to the Texas State Legislature, lived near Vineyard, in Jack County, for some years after leaving office. Prior to 1952, Jack County was solidly Democratic in presidential elections similar to all of Texas & Solid South.

From 1952 to 1996, the county was a swing county, though became somewhat of a bellwether earlier, voting for the national winner in all presidential elections from 1928 to 2004 except for 1960, 1968, & 1996. From 2000 on, the county has become a Republican Party stronghold similar to all white-majority rural counties in the Solid South, with its presidential candidates winning by increasing margins in each passing election; as a testament to how Republican the county has swung, Donald Trump defeated Hillary Clinton by a margin of 79.4 percent in 2016, compared to an only 6.7 percent margin Bob Dole won the county by 20 years prior at the start of its Republican trend. List of museums in North Texas National Register of Historic Places listings in Jack County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Jack County Jack County Web Site Jack County from the Handbook of Texas Online

Chaetocnema pulicaria

Chaetocnema hortensis known as the corn flea beetle and clover flea beetle, is a species of flea beetle from Chrysomelidae family, found in Texas, USA and Canada. The species is black in color, with orange legs and antennae, their size is quite small, about 1⁄16 inch long. The females lay eggs in soil; the eggs hatch in 7 to 14 days into larvae. While in their larval stage, their small, worm-like bodies are white; the larvae feed on plants' roots, causing serious damage. They transform into pupae, a week into adults; the species is known for causing damage to crops. The damaged plants include sorghum, sweet corn, small grains, some vegetables, they feed on both sides including epidermis and the veins. They transmit Stewart's wilt; the disease organism is Pantoea stewartii

Helicase, POLQ-like

Helicase, POLQ-like known as hel308 and Holliday junction migration protein, encoded by the gene HEL308, is a DNA helicase found in humans and many other organisms. Its principal function is to allow DNA replication to continue past DNA forks; the gene encoding this enzyme, HEL308, is located on chromosome 4q21 in humans. It is associated with the polymerase pathway; when first reported, Hel308 was called "Holliday junction migration protein." It is called HelQ in Caenorhabditis elegans and humans. Like many proteins, Hel308 was named after a discovered protein to which it had some connection. In this case, the "Hel" stands for "human helicase" and the "308" is a reference to the Drosophila melanogaster protein Mus308, to which it is homologous. Hel308 is part of DNA helicase superfamily II, a group of enzymes that wind and unwind DNA. Hel308 is found in some eukaryotes, including humans, it contains twenty exons. Hel308's principal role is to repair replication-blocking lesions, such as interstrand DNA cross-links that interfere with the forking of DNA during replication.

Hel308 is 1101 amino acids in length, with five separate domains. The third and fourth domains form a large central pore that holds single-stranded DNA, its fifth domain acts as a brake by securing the single-strand DNA protruding through this pore. Mutations in HEL308 are associated with cancer of the mouth. Helicase DNA repair DNA replication

ASI Panthers

The AllStarInc Panthers were a professional indoor football team based in Reading, Pennsylvania. They were members of American Indoor Football for the 2015 season; the Panthers played their home games at Santander Arena in Reading. The ASI Panthers had existed as a semi-independent indoor team; the team's 2014 schedule included games against the Erie Baltimore Mariners. On October 10, 2014, American Indoor Football announced that the ASI Panthers would be joining the league as part 2015 expansion; the Panthers were announced as a 2015 expansion team of the AIF in November 2014. The Panthers announced they would play an independent schedule. In January 2016, the Indoor Football Alliance included the Panthers in their 2016 draft and listed them as a member; the IFA failed to launch that season and the Panthers played in the semi-pro, outdoor Minor League Football. The semi-pro team has since changed its name to the Penn Panthers; the following is a list of all ASI Panthers players who have won league Awards The following Panthers players have been named to All-League Teams: WR Daryl Shine OL Mohamed Kourouma, Oscar Gonzalez, Zion Pyatt DL Jonas Celian, Abe Koroma, Tim Hume LB Herschel Thornton DB John Williams Note: Statistics are correct through the end of the 2015 American Indoor Football season.

Official website Penn Panthers website

Acton Scott

Acton Scott is a village and parish near Church Stretton in Shropshire, England. The population of the Civil Parish at the 2011 Census was 104, it lies in the Shropshire Hills area of outstanding natural beauty. The settlement was registered as Actune in the Domesday Book, it is most well known for the 30-acre Acton Scott Historic Working Farm, a Victorian living museum featured in the Victorian Farm BBC TV series. Visitors to the farm can take part in various workshops and courses on such activities a turning butter, hand-milking cows and herding live-stock. Many skills such as bodging, pole-lathing and brick-making are demonstrated; the Acton family have worked it since the twelfth century. Listed buildings in Acton Scott Acton Scott Official site Acton Scott Historic Working Farm - Shropshire Council info *Broken Link* Ind, Jo. "Old country crafts live on in rural Shropshire". Birmingham Post. Retrieved 26 December 2009. Acton in the Domesday Book