The American League of Professional Baseball Clubs, or simply the American League, is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States and Canada. It developed from the Western League, a league based in the Great Lakes states. It is sometimes called the Junior Circuit because it claimed Major League status for the 1901 season,25 years after the formation of the National League. At the end of season, the American League champion plays in the World Series against the National League champion. Through 2016, American League teams have won 64 of the 112 World Series played since 1903, the 2016 American League champions are the Cleveland Indians. The New York Yankees have won 40 American League titles, the most in the history, followed by the Philadelphia/Kansas City/Oakland Athletics. Originally a minor league known as the Western League, the American League developed into a major league after the American Association disbanded, in its early history, the Western League struggled until 1894, when Ban Johnson became the president of the league.
Johnson led the Western League into major league status and soon became the president of the newly renamed American League, babe Ruth, noted as one of the most prolific hitters in Major League Baseball history, spent the majority of his career in the American League. The American League has one notable difference versus the National League, in 1902, the Milwaukee Brewers moved to St. Louis and were renamed the St. Louis Browns. In 1902, The Cleveland Bluebirds were renamed the Cleveland Broncos, in 1903, the Broncos were renamed the Cleveland Naps. In 1915, the Naps were renamed the Cleveland Indians, in 1903, the Baltimore Orioles moved to New York and were renamed the New York Highlanders. In 1913, the Highlanders were renamed the New York Yankees, in 1904, the Chicago White Stockings were renamed the Chicago White Sox. In 1908, the Boston Americans were renamed the Boston Red Sox, in 1954, the St. Louis Browns moved to Baltimore and were renamed as the Baltimore Orioles. In 1955, the Philadelphia Athletics moved to Kansas City and were renamed as the Kansas City Athletics, in 1961, the league expanded and added two teams as the Los Angeles Angels and the Washington Senators, expanding the league to 10 teams.
The original Senators team moved to Minneapolis/St, Paul in 1961 and were renamed as the Minnesota Twins. The Angels team name changed to the California Angels in 1966, to the Anaheim Angels in 1997, the Kansas City Royals and the Seattle Pilots were added to the American League, expanding the league to 12 teams. In 1970, the Seattle Pilots moved to Milwaukee and were renamed the Milwaukee Brewers, in 1972, the Washington Senators relocated to the Dallas/Fort Worth area and were renamed the Texas Rangers. In 1977, the league expanded to fourteen teams, when the Seattle Mariners, in 1998, the Tampa Bay Rays was added to the American League and at the same time, the Milwaukee Brewers were switched to the National League, leaving the American League with 14 teams
Coleman is a city in and the county seat of Coleman County, Texas, in the United States. The population was 4,709 at the 2010 census, Coleman is located north of the center of Coleman County at 31°49′40″N 99°25′32″W. Routes 84 and 283 pass through the northeast side of the city, US84 leads northwest 52 miles to Abilene and southeast 30 miles to Brownwood, while US283 leads north 41 miles to Baird and south 52 miles to Brady. According to the United States Census Bureau, Coleman has an area of 6.2 square miles, of which 6.1 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles. At the census of 2000, there were 5,127 people,2,179 households, the population density was 831.9 people per square mile. There were 2,658 housing units at a density of 431. 3/sq mi. The racial makeup of the city was 85. 04% White,2. 95% African American,0. 66% Native American,0. 23% Asian,8. 89% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 16. 93% of the population. 32. 5% of all households were made up of individuals and 19. 3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the city, the population was out with 25. 0% under the age of 18,7. 7% from 18 to 24,23. 1% from 25 to 44,21. 7% from 45 to 64. The median age was 40 years, for every 100 females there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.1 males, the median income for a household in the city was $22,769, and the median income for a family was $28,356. Males had an income of $24,226 versus $15,526 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,752. About 19. 3% of families and 24. 0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34. 4% of those under age 18 and 14. 6% of those age 65 or over, median age 42.6 yrs. The city is served by the Coleman Independent School District, which has about 1,000 students, during the 2006-2007 academic year, there were 475 students in elementary schools,203 in junior high, and 274 in high school. The camp became headquarters for the Texas Mounted Rifles in 1861, the climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters.
According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Coleman has a subtropical climate. City of Coleman official website Coleman County official website Coleman Texas Chamber of Commerce
The term is often shortened to the colloquial form ump. They are addressed as blue at lower levels due to the common color of the uniform worn by umpires. In professional baseball, the blue is seldom used by players or managers. In a game officiated by two or more umpires, the umpire in chief is the umpire who is in charge of the entire game. This umpire calls balls and strikes, calls fair balls, foul balls short of first/third base, to avoid injury, the home plate umpire wears the same mask the catcher wears. If another umpire leaves the infield to cover a potential play in foul ground or in the outfield, in the event that an umpire is injured and only three remain, the second base position will generally be left vacant. In nearly all levels of organized baseball, including the majors, an umpiring crew rotates so that each umpire in the works each position, including plate umpire. In the earliest days of baseball, many senior umpires always worked the plate, Klem did so for the first 16 years of his career.
On the Major League level, an umpiring crew generally rotates positions clockwise each game, for example, the plate umpire in one game would umpire third base in the next. Other umpires are called base umpires and are stationed near the bases. When two umpires are used, the umpire is simply the base umpire. This umpire will make most calls concerning runners on the bases and nearby plays, to indicate a full swing, he will clench his fist. When four umpires are used, each umpire is named for the base at which he is stationed, sometimes a league will provide six umpires, the extra two are stationed along the outfield foul lines are called the left-field and right-field umpires. Outfield umpires are used in events, such as the Major League Baseball All-Star Game. For Major League Baseball, all levels use six umpires, while at lower levels. Rulings on catches of batted balls are made by the umpire closest to the play. The term umpire-in-chief is not to be confused with the crew chief, at the major-league and high minor-league levels, the crew chief acts as a liaison between the league office and the crew and has a supervisory role over other members of the crew.
For example, on the Major League level, The Crew Chief shall coordinate, an umpires judgment call used to be final, unless the umpire making the call chose to ask his partner for help and decided to reverse it after the discussion
1936 in baseball
The following are the baseball events of the year 1936 throughout the world. January 6 – New York Giants President Charles A. Stoneham dies of Brights disease and he was the last surviving member of the trio that purchased the team in 1919. His son, Horace Stoneham, is elected the new president. Stoneham‚ 32‚ will remain president for the next 40 years before selling the team in 1976, january 15 – The Chunichi Dragons of Nagoya‚ Japan‚ are officially formed. Eight days the Hankyu Braves of Nishinomiya joined them, february 2 – The baseball writers vote for the first players to be named to the new Baseball Hall of Fame. Ty Cobb‚ Babe Ruth‚ Honus Wagner‚ Christy Mathewson and Walter Johnson each receive the requisite 75 percent of ballots cast, active players are eligible in this first election‚ with Rogers Hornsby finishing 9th‚ Mickey Cochrane 10th‚ Lou Gehrig 15th‚ and Jimmie Foxx 19th. Hal Chase receives 11 votes for 25th place‚ and Shoeless Joe Jackson has two votes to tie for 36th place. March 17 – Rookie Joe DiMaggio makes his debut with the New York Yankees, collecting four hits‚ including a triple.
March 21 – The Cincinnati Reds trade Jim Bottomley to the St. Louis Browns for Johnny Burnett, april 14 – Opening day, the New York Yankees are shut out, 1–0, by Bobo Newsom and the Washington Senators. In St. Louis, the Cardinals Eddie Morgan becomes the first to hit a home run in his first major league at bat. Morgan connects on the very first pitch he sees in the 7th inning, april 16 – Johnny Mize makes his major league debut. He strikes out pinch hitting for Daffy Dean in the Cards 5–3 loss to the Chicago Cubs, april 26 – In the Brooklyn Dodgers 10–7 victory over the Philadelphia Phillies, Dodgers shortstop Ben Geraghty reaches base twice on two separate interference calls on Phillies catcher Earl Grace. April 29 Nagoya defeated Daitokyo 8–5 in the first professional game in Japan. Hank Greenberg breaks his wrist ending his season, in St. Louis‚ Roy Parmelee‚ former New York Giants pitcher‚ beats Carl Hubbell, 2–1, in a seventeen inning duel. The game is scoreless until the 12th when the Giants score a run‚, parmelee allows just six hits in 17 innings‚ while Hubbell gives up 11.
May 3 – Joe DiMaggio makes his major debut in left field in the New York Yankees 14–5 victory over the St. Louis Browns. DiMaggio goes three-for-six- with a triple, an RBI and three runs scored, may 10 – The New York Yankees defeat the Philadelphia Athletics, 7–2. With a loss by the Boston Red Sox to the Washington Senators and they remain in first place for the rest of the season, winning the pennant by 19.5 games over the Detroit Tigers
Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball is a professional baseball organization, the oldest of the four major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. A total of 30 teams now play in the National League and American League, the NL and AL operated as separate legal entities from 1876 and 1901 respectively. After cooperating but remaining legally separate entities since 1903, the merged into a single organization led by the Commissioner of Baseball in 2000. The organization oversees Minor League Baseball, which comprises about 240 teams affiliated with the Major League clubs, with the World Baseball Softball Confederation, MLB manages the international World Baseball Classic tournament. Baseballs first professional team was founded in Cincinnati in 1869,30 years after Abner Doubleday supposedly invented the game of baseball, the first few decades of professional baseball were characterized by rivalries between leagues and by players who often jumped from one team or league to another. The period before 1920 in baseball was known as the dead-ball era, Baseball survived a conspiracy to fix the 1919 World Series, which came to be known as the Black Sox Scandal.
The sport rose in popularity in the 1920s, and survived potential downturns during the Great Depression, shortly after the war, baseballs color barrier was broken by Jackie Robinson. The 1950s and 1960s were a time of expansion for the AL and NL, new stadiums, Home runs dominated the game during the 1990s, and media reports began to discuss the use of anabolic steroids among Major League players in the mid-2000s. In 2006, an investigation produced the Mitchell Report, which implicated many players in the use of performance-enhancing substances, today, MLB is composed of thirty teams, twenty-nine in the United States and one in Canada. Baseball broadcasts are aired on television and the Internet throughout North America, MLB has the highest season attendance of any sports league in the world with more than 73 million spectators in 2015. MLB is governed by the Major League Baseball Constitution and this document has undergone several incarnations since 1875, with the most recent revisions being made in 2012.
Under the direction of the Commissioner of Baseball, MLB hires and maintains the sports umpiring crews, and negotiates marketing, labor, MLB maintains a unique, controlling relationship over the sport, including most aspects of Minor League Baseball. This ruling has been weakened only slightly in subsequent years, the weakened ruling granted more stability to the owners of teams and has resulted in values increasing at double-digit rates. There were several challenges to MLBs primacy in the sport between the 1870s and the Federal League in 1916, the last attempt at a new league was the aborted Continental League in 1960. The chief executive of MLB is the commissioner, Rob Manfred, the chief operating officer is Tony Petitti. There are five other executives, chief officer, chief legal officer, chief financial officer. The multimedia branch of MLB, which is based in Manhattan, is MLB Advanced Media and this branch oversees MLB. com and each of the 30 teams websites. Its charter states that MLB Advanced Media holds editorial independence from the league, MLB Productions is a similarly structured wing of the league, focusing on video and traditional broadcast media