Charles Murray, Lord Murray
Rt Hon Charles David Murray, Lord Murray was a Scottish Tory politician and judge. He became Lord Advocate in 1922, he was born in London the son of a merchant. Murray was educated at Edinburgh Academy and studied Law at Edinburgh University and was admitted as an advocate in 1889 and appointed a King's Counsel in 1909, he was a Major in the Fourth Division of the Royal Engineers, resigning in 1907. He was on the War Office staff from 1915 to 1917, was appointed a temporary Lieutenant Colonel and Director of National Service for Scotland in 1917, he was appointed a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George in 1918. He became Sheriff of Renfrewshire and Buteshire in 1918, was awarded an LLD by Edinburgh University in 1919. Murray was an unsuccessful parliamentary candidate in Edinburgh South in 1910, but was elected for the seat in December 1918, holding it until October 1922, he was Dean of the Faculty of Advocates from 1919 to 1920, was appointed Solicitor General for Scotland in March 1920.
He was sworn of the Privy Council and promoted to Lord Advocate in March 1922, holding office until October of that year. He was raised to the bench with the judicial title Lord Murray, where he served until his death in 1936. In 1923 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, his proposers were Francis Gibson Baily, James Hartley Ashworth, Sir Francis Grant Ogilvy, Sir Edmund Taylor Whittaker and William A. P. Tait. In life he is listed as living at 62 Great King Street in Edinburgh's Second New Town, a large and impressive Georgian townhouse, he became a deputy lieutenant of Fife in 1922. He is buried in the central roundel in Warriston Cemetery. In 1896 he was married to Annie Florence Nicolson!1873-1968) Their eldest son, David Charles Graeme Murray, married the Comtesse Elena Maia Sollohub. His second son, Crichton Gavin Murray died whilst a child, his third son, Keith Anderson Hope Murray, became Baron Murray of Newhaven. His fourth son, Charles Dean Leslie Murray was an advocate.
Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Charles Murray
Charles I. Murray
Charles Ira Murray was a decorated officer of the United States Marine Corps with the rank of Brigadier general, who distinguished himself while serving with 6th Marine Regiment during World War I. Murray served as Deputy Commander with the military staff on Guam. Charles I. Murray was born on May 4, 1896 in Sewickley and attended the Culver Military Academy in Culver, Indiana. Following his graduation in May 1917, he was commissioned a second lieutenant on May 21 was subsequently sent to the Marine Corps Rifle Range in [ for basic training, where he remained until the end of June. At the beginning of July 1917, Murray was ordered to the Basic School at Marine Barracks Quantico, where he received further officers training. In August of the same year, he was promoted to the rank of first lieutenant and subsequently attached to 79th Company, 2nd Battalion, 6th Marine Regiment, his regiment under Colonel Harry Lee sailed overseas and arrived in France in January 1918. Murray entered the trenches in the Toulouse sector near Verdun in March 1918 and subsequently participated in the Battle of Belleau Wood on June 6.
During the night attack near Bouresches, he led his platoon until he was wounded in both arms by enemy machine gun fire. Murray remained with his platoon until he was not able to advance and subsequently refused assistance and walked to the rear alone. For his gallantry in action, Murray was decorated with the Distinguished Service Cross and with the Navy Cross, he received the Purple Heart for his wounds. Following his recovery, Murray was promoted to the rank of Captain on July 1, 1918 and returned to his company, he participated in the Battle of Blanc Mont Ridge and Meusse Argonne Offensive and upon the Armistice he returned to the United States in January 1919. For his service in France, Murray was decorated with Belgian Order of Leopold II, rank Chevalier and received the French Fourragère. Following his return to the United States in February 1919, Captain Murray was assigned to the Marine Barracks Mare Island, but one month he received his orders for transfer to Headquarters Marine Corps in Washington, D.
C. Here he was appointed to the prestigious job for a junior officer, Aide-de-camp to the Commandant of the Marine Corps, Major General George Barnett; when Barnett was tasked with the activation of the Department of the Pacific in San Francisco at the end of 1920, he requested Murray again as his Aide-de-camp in March 1921. Murray remained in this capacity until October 1921, when he was transferred to the Marine detachment aboard the battleship USS Oklahoma, he took part in the patrol cruises over with the Pacific Fleet and during May 1924, Murray was transferred to Spokane, Washington for recruiting duty. While in this capacity, he attended special courses of Bookkeeping and Auditing at Marine Corps Institute in January 1925; the recruiting duties lasted until October 1926, when he was ordered to the Marine Barracks at Hingham Naval Ammunition Depot, where he served as Company officer for two years. His next service assignment was the same with Marine Barracks at the Brooklyn Navy Yard from June to September 1928, before he was ordered for foreign shore duty to Haiti.
Murray served as an Instructor with Garde d'Haïti and took part in the skirmishes with rebel forces. For his distinguished service there, he was decorated with Haitian Distinguished Service Medal and Diploma by the Government of Haiti. Murray returned stateside in August 1931 and was assigned to the Marine Corps Schools Quantico, Virginia in order to attend the Field Officers Course. Following completion of the instruction, he was ordered to Annapolis and appointed commanding officer of Marine detachment aboard the USS Reina Mercedes, which served as a detention vessel and barracks ship for the United States Naval Academy. While in this capacity, he was promoted to the rank of major in July 1932. During the May 1933, Murray was transferred to the staff of Fleet Marine Force in San Diego under Major General Charles H. Lyman. Under his command, he was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel on October 1, 1935; when General Lyman was appointed commanding general of Department of the Pacific in San Francisco at the beginning of July 1937, Murray followed him to California and served on his staff again.
He spent several months in sunny California until he was ordered to the Naval Base Guam in March 1938 as commanding officer of the local Marine Barracks. Murray was subsequently appointed executive officer of the 4th Marine Regiment under Colonel Charles F. B. Price and sailed for China, where he participated in the guard duty at Shanghai International Settlement. During his time in China, he had the privilege to command the 4th Marines, when he was appointed temporary commanding officer at the beginning of December 1939. Murray was succeeded by Colonel Dewitt Peck on January 2, 1940 and continued as Executive Officer until August 1940, his next orders brought him back to San Diego, where he was attached to 2nd Marine Brigade under Brigadier General Clayton B. Vogel, however during the end of November 1940, Murray was transferred to Hawaii and appointed commanding officer of the 2nd Defense Battalion stationed there. In this command, he was tasked with anti-aircraft and coastal defense of the Hawaii Islands until the end of February 1941.
Murray was subsequently appointed commanding general of the newly activated 6th Defense Battalion on Hawaii, before he was ordered back to the United States to the 2nd Marine Division. During July 1941 Murray was transferred to the staff of 1st Provisional Marine Brigade under Brigadier General John Marston and sailed to Iceland, where he participated in the occupation of the Island as Bri
Charles James Murray
Charles James Murray was a British Conservative Party politician and diplomat. He was the son of his wife Elise Wadsworth. Murray was elected as a Member of Parliament for Hastings in 1880, a position he resigned in 1883, he was elected Member of Parliament for Coventry in 1895 until he retired at the 1906 general election. Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Charles James Murray
Charles Murray (Scottish actor)
Charles Murray was a Scottish actor and dramatist. The son of Sir John Murray of Broughton, he was born at Cheshunt in Hertfordshire, he spent some time in France, studied pharmacy and surgery in London, went surgeon's mate on some Mediterranean voyages. After playing as an amateur in Liverpool Murray went, with an introduction from Younger, the theatre manager there, to Tate Wilkinson of the York circuit, he made his first professional stage appearance at York, under the name of Raymur, playing Carlos in Love makes a Man, or the Fop's Fortune. A quarrel in a tavern in Wakefield in September 1776 lost him his position. After further time at sea Murray acted under his own name with Griffiths at Norwich. On 8 October 1785, as Sir Giles Overreach in A New Way to pay Old Debts, he made his first appearance in Bath. Here he remained until 1796, his wife Mrs. Murray played with him, on 1 July 1793, for the benefit of her father and of her mother, who played Queen Elinor, his young daughter Harriet Murray made her first stage appearance as Prince Arthur.
She subsequently played Titania, on Mrs. Murray's final benefit in Bath on 19 May 1796, Fine Lady in David Garrick's Lethe. On this occasion Murray spoke a farewell address. Murray came to Covent Garden with a good reputation, he was found better suited for secondary parts. For his benefit, on 12 May 1798, he was Polixenes in The Winter's Tale, Harriet Murray making, as Perdita, her first appearance in London, he was on 11 October 1798 the original Baron Wildenhaim in Elizabeth Inchbald's Lovers' Vows. Murray's last appearance at Covent Garden appears to have been on 17 July 1817 as Brabantio to the Othello of Charles Mayne Young, the Iago of Junius Brutus Booth, the Desdemona of Elizabeth O'Neill; the Theatrical Inquisitor of February 1817 spoke of Murray as a veteran, made reference to his infirmities. Threatened with paralysis, he went to Edinburgh to be near his children, Mrs. Henry Siddons and William Henry Murray, died there on 8 November 1821. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Lee, Sidney, ed..
"Murray, Charles". Dictionary of National Biography. 39. London: Smith, Elder & Co
Charles Murray (author and diplomat)
Sir Charles Augustus Murray was a British author and diplomat. Murray was the second son of George Murray, 5th Earl of Dunmore, his mother was the daughter of Archibald Hamilton, 9th Duke of Hamilton, he was educated at Eton College and Oriel College, where he matriculated in 1824, graduated B. A. in 1827. Murray spent several years travelling across Europe and America from 1835 and 1838, including several months with a Pawnee tribe in 1835, he described his experiences in his popular book Travels in North America. There he fell in love with daughter of James Wadsworth who disapproved, he attempted to remain in the United States as Secretary of the British Legation, but failed to obtain the position. He returned to England, wrote of his experiences in a novel, The Prairie-Bird. On three occasions Murray was unsuccessful each time, he obtained a position, from 1838 to 1844, as Master of the Household in the Court of the young Queen Victoria. He was removed in the Household reforms initiated by Prince Consort.
Murray became a diplomat in Naples. He was consul-general in Egypt from 1846 to 1853, on good terms with the Ottoman Viceroy, Mehmet Ali Pasha. While stationed there, he arranged the transport of Obaysch the hippopotamus to England in 1850. Obaysch was the first hippopotamus in England since prehistoric times, the first in Europe since Roman times. For this feat, his clear affection for the beast at London Zoo, he was nicknamed "Hippopotamus Murray", he pushed forward the construction of the railway to Alexandria. From 1853, Murray was for one year Minister Plenipotentiary to the Swiss Confederation, he was appointed British ambassador to the Court of the Shah of Persia in 1854. The Shah, Nasser al-Din Shah, Murray disliked each other immediately. Murray's heavy-handed attitude inflamed an existing dispute over Hashim Khan, one of the Shah's bodyguards and an officer in the Persian army, who took up a position as secretary in the British embassy against the wishes of the Shah and his prime minister.
Hashim Khan's wife was the subject of widespread gossip relating to Murray and his predecessor as ambassador. Hashim Khan's wife was taken into custody by her brother on 14 November 1855. Murray took this as an insult to the British legation. Anglo-Persian relations were strained as the young Shah sought to annex the city of Herat, a goal which had eluded the Qajar dynasty previously. Murray's departure marked a break in Anglo-Persian relations and thus contributed to the outbreak of the Anglo-Persian War of 1856/7. After the war, Murray remained ambassador until 1859, he became a member of the Privy Council in 1875. Elizabeth Wadsworth's father James Wadsworth died in 1844, Murray married her on 12 December 1850 during a visit to Scotland, she died in childbirth in Cairo, Egypt on 8 December 1851, but their son Charles James Murray survived. Murray married a second time, on 1 November 1862, to the Honourable Edith Susan Esther FitzPatrick, daughter of John FitzPatrick, 1st Baron Castletown. My wife, please?, on the causes of the Anglo-Persian War of 1856
Charles P. Murray Jr.
Charles Patrick Murray Jr. was a United States Army officer and a recipient of the United States military's highest decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions in World War II. Born on September 26, 1921, in Baltimore, Murray moved to Wilmington, North Carolina, at age one. After graduating from Wilmington's New Hanover High School in 1938, he attended the University of North Carolina, he was drafted into the U. S. Army in 1942, after his third year of college. Arriving in northeastern France in October 1944, Murray was assigned as a replacement platoon leader to Company C of the 30th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Infantry Division; the division had landed in Saint-Tropez on the southern coast of France months earlier and was pushing northward towards Germany. On December 8 of that year, Murray became company commander. Early on December 16, Company C crossed the Weiss River in the northern Vosges Mountains and established a defensive position atop Hill 512, just south of the village of Kaysersberg.
That morning, Murray, by a first lieutenant, led a platoon-sized group on a reconnaissance mission to the southeast, towards Ammerschwihr. Descending the vineyard-covered hill along a winding footpath, the group noticed German soldiers in a sunken road, about 150 yards away, firing on an American hilltop position. Creeping forward to a point from which he could see the German unit, about 200 men strong, Murray made a radio call for artillery support; when the artillery landed off target, he attempted to call for a range correction but the radio went dead. Not wanting to send his patrol against the much larger German force, he retrieved rifle grenades from his men and returned to his vantage point to begin a single-handed attack on the position. Although his fire alerted the Germans to his location, he continued to shoot grenades and an automatic rifle into the German unit; as the soldiers attempted to withdraw, he disabled a truck, carrying out three mortars. Members of his patrol brought up their own mortar, Murray directed its fire until the Germans had scattered towards Ammerschwihr.
Continuing on the footpath, he and his men captured ten German soldiers. An eleventh soldier approached him with his helmet off and his arms raised; when Murray turned to shout orders, the soldier tossed a grenade. After getting back to his feet, he stopped his men from killing the prisoner. Only after organizing the patrol into a defensive position did he turn over command of the company and find an aid station. After receiving medical treatment, Murray rejoined his unit on December 28, 1944, he learned that he had been recommended for the Medal of Honor in March of the next year and, per Army policy, was soon removed from combat. He remained with his division and was in Salzburg, Austria, on May 7, 1945, when a ceasefire was declared; the next day, Germany's surrender was finalized and the war in Europe was over. Murray was issued the Medal of Honor on August 1, 1945, eight months after the fight near Kaysersberg, it was formally presented to him during a ceremony in Salzburg, with the entire 3rd Infantry Division in attendance.
He arrived home in Wilmington in September to a hero's welcome, but returned to Europe and served four years of occupation duty. During this time, he was stationed in Salzburg and became the head U. S. intelligence officer in that city. In addition to the Medal of Honor, Murray received three Silver Stars, two Bronze Stars with Valor devices, a Purple Heart, the Combat Infantryman Badge for his World War II service. Murray remained in the Army after World War II, serving with the 82nd Airborne Division and participating in the Korean and Vietnam Wars, he rose to the rank of colonel and commanded the 3rd US Infantry Regiment, a ceremonial unit tasked with guarding the Tomb of the Unknowns, among other duties. In 1970, he transferred to Fort Jackson in Columbia, South Carolina, from where he retired in 1973; as a civilian, Murray worked for the South Carolina Department of Corrections until his final retirement. He and his wife, lived in Columbia, South Carolina until his death from congestive heart failure on August 12, 2011.
Murray Middle School in Wilmington is named in his honor. Murray's official Medal of Honor citation reads: For commanding Company C, 30th Infantry, displaying supreme courage and heroic initiative near Kaysersberg, France, on 16 December 1944, while leading a reinforced platoon into enemy territory. Descending into a valley beneath hilltop positions held by our troops, he observed a force of 200 Germans pouring deadly mortar, bazooka and small arms fire into an American battalion occupying the crest of the ridge; the enemy's position in a sunken road, though hidden from the ridge, was open to a flank attack by 1st Lt. Murray's patrol but he hesitated to commit so small a force to battle with the superior and disposed enemy. Crawling out ahead of his troops to a vantage point, he called by radio for artillery fire, his shells bracketed the German force, but when he was about to correct the range his radio went dead. He returned to his patrol, secured grenades and a rifle to launch them and went back to his self-appointed outpost.
His first shots disclosed his position. Again he returned to his patrol. With an automatic rifle and ammunition, he once more moved to his exposed position. Burst after burst he fired into the enemy, killing 20, wounding many others, disorganizing its ranks, which began to withdraw, he prevented the removal of 3 German mortars by knocking out a truck. By that time a mortar had been
Charles Murray, 7th Earl of Dunmore
Charles Adolphus Murray, 7th Earl of Dunmore VD, styled Viscount Fincastle from birth until 1845, was a Scottish peer and Conservative politician. Fincastle was 6th Earl of Dunmore and his wife, Catherine, his maternal grandmother was the Russian noblewoman Countess Catherine Woronzoff, daughter of the Russian ambassador to St James's, Semyon Romanovich Vorontsov. In 1874, he was appointed a Lord-in-waiting in Disraeli's government, a post he held until 1880. In 1875, he was made Lord Lieutenant of Stirlingshire, which he remained until 1885. In 1882 he was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel of the 1st Inverness-shire Rifle Volunteers, he retired in 1896. In 1892–93 he traveled through the eastern Pamirs to Kashgar, he was engaged in some form of diplomacy or espionage but the matter is not clear. Lord Dunmore married Lady Gertrude Coke, third daughter of Thomas Coke, 2nd Earl of Leicester, on 5 April 1866, they had six children: Alexander Edward, styled Viscount Fincastle 8th Earl of Dunmore Lady Evelyn Cobbold, married John Dupuis Cobbold.
Lady Muriel, married Harold Gore Browne. Lady Grace, married William James Barry, Esq. Lady Victoria Alexandrina Lady Mildred, married Gilbert Follet, Sir John FitzGerald, 3rd Baronet; the Pamirs: Being a Narrative of a Year's Expedition on Horseback and on Foot Through Kashmir, Western Tibet, Chinese Tartary, Russian Central Asia. J. Murray. 1894. The Revelation of Christianus and Other Christian Science Poems. University Press. 1901. Fryer, Sydney Ernest. "Murray, Charles Adolphus". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. S. E. Fryer, rev. Elizabeth Baigent. "Murray, Charles Adolphus, seventh earl of Dunmore". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/35156. Middleton, Robert. Tajikistan and the High Pamirs: A Companion and Guide. Odyssey Publications. ISBN 978-962-217-818-2. Works by or about Charles Murray, 7th Earl of Dunmore at Internet Archive Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl of Dunmore