The concept of the supernatural encompasses anything, inexplicable by scientific understanding of the laws of nature but argued by believers to exist. Examples include immaterial beings such as angels and spirits, claimed human abilities like magic and extrasensory perception. Supernatural entities have been invoked to explain phenomena as diverse as lightning and the human senses. Naturalists maintain that nothing beyond the physical world exists and hence maintain skeptical attitudes towards supernatural concepts; the supernatural is featured in paranormal and religious contexts, but can feature as an explanation in more secular contexts. Occurring as both an adjective and a noun, descendants of the modern English compound supernatural enters the language from two sources: via Middle French and directly from the Middle French's term's ancestor, post-Classical Latin. Post-classical Latin supernaturalis first occurs in the 6th century, composed of the Latin prefix super- and nātūrālis; the earliest known appearance of the word in the English language occurs in a Middle English translation of Catherine of Siena's Dialogue.
The semantic value of the term has shifted over the history of its use. The term referred to Christian understandings of the world. For example, as an adjective, the term can mean'belonging to a realm or system that transcends nature, as that of divine, magical, or ghostly beings. Obsolete uses include'of, relating to, or dealing with metaphysics'; as a noun, the term can mean'a supernatural being', with a strong history of employment in relation to entities from the mythologies of the indigenous peoples of the Americas. The metaphysical considerations of the existence of the supernatural can be difficult to approach as an exercise in philosophy or theology because any dependencies on its antithesis, the natural, will have to be inverted or rejected. One complicating factor is that there is disagreement about the definition of "natural" and the limits of naturalism. Concepts in the supernatural domain are related to concepts in religious spirituality and occultism or spiritualism. For sometimes we use the word nature for that Author of nature whom the schoolmen, harshly enough, call natura naturans, as when it is said that nature hath made man corporeal and immaterial.
Sometimes we mean by the nature of a thing the essence, or that which the schoolmen scruple not to call the quiddity of a thing, the attribute or attributes on whose score it is what it is, whether the thing be corporeal or not, as when we attempt to define the nature of an angle, or of a triangle, or of a fluid body, as such. Sometimes we take nature for an internal principle of motion, as when we say that a stone let fall in the air is by nature carried towards the centre of the earth, and, on the contrary, that fire or flame does move upwards toward firmament. Sometimes we understand by nature the established course of things, as when we say that nature makes the night succeed the day, nature hath made respiration necessary to the life of men. Sometimes we take nature for an aggregate of powers belonging to a body a living one, as when physicians say that nature is strong or weak or spent, or that in such or such diseases nature left to herself will do the cure. Sometimes we take nature for the universe, or system of the corporeal works of God, as when it is said of a phoenix, or a chimera, that there is no such thing in nature, i.e. in the world.
And sometimes too, that most we would express by nature a semi-deity or other strange kind of being, such as this discourse examines the notion of. And besides these more absolute acceptions, if I may so call them, of the word nature, it has divers others, as nature is wont to be set or in opposition or contradistinction to other things, as when we say of a stone when it falls downwards that it does it by a natural motion, but that if it be thrown upwards its motion that way is violent. So chemists distinguish vitriol into natural and fictitious, or made by art, i.e. by the intervention of human power or skill. We say that wicked men are still in the state of nature, but the regenerate in a state of grace; the term "supernatural" is used interchangeably with paranormal or preternatural — the latter limited to an adjective for describing abilities which appear to exceed what is possible within the boundaries of the laws of physics. Epistemologically, the relationship between the supernatural and the natural is indistinct in terms of natural phenomena that, ex hypothesi, violate the laws of nature, in so far as such laws are realistically accountable.
Parapsychologists use the term psi to refer to an assumed unitary force underlying the phenomena they study. Psi is defined in the Journal of Parapsychology as "personal factors or processes in nature which transcend accepted laws" and "which are non-physical in nature", it is used to cover both extrasensory perception, an "awareness of or response to an external event or influence not apprehended by sens
The British Broadcasting Corporation is a British public service broadcaster. Its headquarters are at Broadcasting House in Westminster, it is the world's oldest national broadcasting organisation and the largest broadcaster in the world by number of employees, it employs over 20,950 staff in total. The total number of staff is 35,402 when part-time and fixed-contract staff are included; the BBC is established under a Royal Charter and operates under its Agreement with the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture and Sport. Its work is funded principally by an annual television licence fee, charged to all British households and organisations using any type of equipment to receive or record live television broadcasts and iPlayer catch-up; the fee is set by the British Government, agreed by Parliament, used to fund the BBC's radio, TV, online services covering the nations and regions of the UK. Since 1 April 2014, it has funded the BBC World Service, which broadcasts in 28 languages and provides comprehensive TV, online services in Arabic and Persian.
Around a quarter of BBC revenues come from its commercial arm BBC Studios Ltd, which sells BBC programmes and services internationally and distributes the BBC's international 24-hour English-language news services BBC World News, from BBC.com, provided by BBC Global News Ltd. From its inception, through the Second World War, to the 21st century, the BBC has played a prominent role in British culture, it is known colloquially as "The Beeb", "Auntie", or a combination of both. Britain's first live public broadcast from the Marconi factory in Chelmsford took place in June 1920, it was sponsored by the Daily Mail's Lord Northcliffe and featured the famous Australian soprano Dame Nellie Melba. The Melba broadcast caught the people's imagination and marked a turning point in the British public's attitude to radio. However, this public enthusiasm was not shared in official circles where such broadcasts were held to interfere with important military and civil communications. By late 1920, pressure from these quarters and uneasiness among the staff of the licensing authority, the General Post Office, was sufficient to lead to a ban on further Chelmsford broadcasts.
But by 1922, the GPO had received nearly 100 broadcast licence requests and moved to rescind its ban in the wake of a petition by 63 wireless societies with over 3,000 members. Anxious to avoid the same chaotic expansion experienced in the United States, the GPO proposed that it would issue a single broadcasting licence to a company jointly owned by a consortium of leading wireless receiver manufactures, to be known as the British Broadcasting Company Ltd. John Reith, a Scottish Calvinist, was appointed its General Manager in December 1922 a few weeks after the company made its first official broadcast; the company was to be financed by a royalty on the sale of BBC wireless receiving sets from approved domestic manufacturers. To this day, the BBC aims to follow the Reithian directive to "inform and entertain"; the financial arrangements soon proved inadequate. Set sales were disappointing as amateurs made their own receivers and listeners bought rival unlicensed sets. By mid-1923, discussions between the GPO and the BBC had become deadlocked and the Postmaster-General commissioned a review of broadcasting by the Sykes Committee.
The Committee recommended a short term reorganisation of licence fees with improved enforcement in order to address the BBC's immediate financial distress, an increased share of the licence revenue split between it and the GPO. This was to be followed by a simple 10 shillings licence fee with no royalty once the wireless manufactures protection expired; the BBC's broadcasting monopoly was made explicit for the duration of its current broadcast licence, as was the prohibition on advertising. The BBC was banned from presenting news bulletins before 19.00 and was required to source all news from external wire services. Mid-1925 found the future of broadcasting under further consideration, this time by the Crawford committee. By now, the BBC, under Reith's leadership, had forged a consensus favouring a continuation of the unified broadcasting service, but more money was still required to finance rapid expansion. Wireless manufacturers were anxious to exit the loss making consortium with Reith keen that the BBC be seen as a public service rather than a commercial enterprise.
The recommendations of the Crawford Committee were published in March the following year and were still under consideration by the GPO when the 1926 general strike broke out in May. The strike temporarily interrupted newspaper production, with restrictions on news bulletins waived, the BBC became the primary source of news for the duration of the crisis; the crisis placed the BBC in a delicate position. On one hand Reith was acutely aware that the Government might exercise its right to commandeer the BBC at any time as a mouthpiece of the Government if the BBC were to step out of line, but on the other he was anxious to maintain public trust by appearing to be acting independently; the Government was divided on how to handle the BBC but ended up trusting Reith, whose opposition to the strike mirrored the PM's own. Thus the BBC was granted sufficient leeway to pursue the Government's objectives in a manner of its own choosing; the resulting coverage of both striker and government viewpoints impressed millions of listeners who were unaware that the PM had broadcast to the nation from Reith's home, using one of Reith's sound bites inserted at the last moment
Skins (UK TV series)
Skins is a British teen comedy-drama television series that follows the lives of a group of teenagers in Bristol, South West England, through the two years of sixth form. Its controversial story-lines have explored issues like dysfunctional families, mental illness, adolescent sexuality, substance abuse and bullying; each episode focuses on a particular character and the struggles they face in their life. The episodes are named after the featured character; the show was created by father-and-son television writers Bryan Elsley and Jamie Brittain for Company Pictures, premiered on E4 on 25 January 2007. Skins went on to be a critical success as well as a ratings winner. Over its initial six-year run, Skins proved to be atypical of ongoing drama series in that it replaced its primary cast every two years. Plans for a film spin-off were first discussed in 2009, but did not come to fruition. Instead, a specially-commissioned seventh and final series of the show was broadcast in 2013, featuring some of the cast from its 2007–2010 run.
The show's name comes from the cigarette rolling papers known as "skins". Other ventures to expand the brand have included a short-lived North American remake, which aired on MTV in 2011, but was cancelled after one season after advertisers abandoned the series in response to low ratings and the significant controversy which arose over its depiction of teen sexuality. Co-creator Bryan Elsley recalls his first conversation with his son Jamie Brittain, soon to be co-creator, which led to the creation of the popular and edgy show. Brittain critiqued many of his father's other ideas for a TV series, he started with the idea that being a teenager co-existed with poor behavior, casual sex, experimenting with drugs and alcohol. Most shows with teenagers pretended that these things did not happen involving consequences, which this show lays bare. Elsley has been defending his controversial show for years, his philosophy explored how teenagers believe adults act in corrupted ways, which explains why all the adults in the show appear to be crooked, in poor relationships and overall poor parents.
Tony Stonem is an attractive and popular boy. His manipulative ways go unnoticed by many, are a catalyst for the majority of the events in the series. Sid Jenkins is Tony's best friend and has an opposite personality, he lacks confidence, is uneasy and struggles with school work. Tony's girlfriend is Michelle Richardson, a girl who can never stay angry at his mischievous behaviour for long. Outwardly, Michelle appears shallow and conceited, but she works hard, has a strong interest in French and Spanish, is emotionally mature, she is friends with an eccentric girl who suffers from an eating disorder. Cassie attempts to hide her own struggles with mental health while her flamboyant parents ignore her in favour of their new baby. Chris Miles is the party animal of the group, he has a difficult home life. He has a crush on his psychology teacher Angie. Jal Fazer is a sensible girl with a talent for playing the clarinet, her runaway mother has left Jal with aspiring rapper brothers. She is best friends with Michelle.
Maxxie Oliver is gay and has a passion for dance. He is portrayed as attractive and talented, is well accepted by most of his friends and family, his best friend Anwar Kharral has a off-the-wall personality and is known for his silly antics and sense of humour. While he takes a pick-and-choose approach to Islam, has no qualms about indulging in premarital sex and usage of alcohol and drugs in spite of his religion's policies against them, he has some difficulty accepting Maxxie's sexuality. Appearing only in the second series, better known as "Sketch", is a quiet and scheming Welsh girl, polite yet unnerving. Living two buildings over and having a clear view of his room, she develops an obsession for Maxxie and becomes his stalker. Without her father, she is a young carer for her mother Sheila; as well as the regular cast, there are several important recurring characters. Effy Stonem is Tony's younger sister, shares many of her brother's qualities, she is mysterious and manipulative, selectively mute during the first series.
Abigail Stock is an upper class school girl with sociopathic tendencies, one of Tony's many sexual conquests. "Posh" Kenneth goes to the same college as the main cast and spends time with the boys. Madison "Mad" Twatter features as Sid's emergency drug dealer, Doug is a senior teacher at Roundview College, British comedian and co-writer Josie Long appears as the college's careers counsellor; the central cast's parents are played by well-known British comedy actors credited in a guest starring role. Harry Enfield and Morwenna Banks act as Tony and Effy's parents and Anthea Stonem. Peter Capaldi and Josie Lawrence act as Sid's parents and Liz Jenkins. Arabella Weir acts as Michelle's mother, Anna Richardson, Danny Dyer as her stepfather, Malcolm. Neil Morrissey and Naomi Allisstone act as Cassie's parents and Margeritte Ainsworth. Mark Monero acts as Jal's father, Ronny Fazer, Josette Simon as her estranged mother, Elaine. Inder Ma
British Academy Television Awards
The British Academy Television Awards known as the BAFTA TV Awards, are presented in an annual award show hosted by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts. They have been awarded annually since 1955; the first Awards, given in 1955, consisted of six categories. Until 1958, they were awarded by the Guild of Television Directors. From 1958 onwards, after the Guild had merged with the British Film Academy, the organisation was known as the Society of Film and Television Arts. In 1976, this became the British Academy of Television Arts. From 1968 until 1997, the BAFTA Film and Television awards were presented in one joint ceremony known as the BAFTA Awards, but in order to streamline the ceremonies from 1998 onwards they were split in two; the Television Awards are presented in April, with a separate ceremony for the Television Craft Awards on a different date. The Craft Awards are presented for more technical areas of the industry, such as special effects, production design, or costumes.
The Awards are only open to British programmes—with the exception of the audience-voted Audience Award and the International Award —but any cable, terrestrial or digital television stations broadcasting in the UK are eligible to submit entries, as are independent production companies who have produced programming for the channels. Individual performances, such as from actors, can either be entered by the performers themselves or by the broadcasters; the programmes being entered must have been broadcast on or between March and February of the following year to be eligible for the year's awards. Entry is free, entry forms are made available between November and January each year. After all the entries have been received, they are voted for online by all eligible members of the Academy; the programmes and performances attracting the most votes four in each category, are shortlisted as the nominees for each award. The winner is chosen from the four nominees by a special jury of nine academy members for each award, the members of each jury selected by the Academy's Television Committee.
Each jury is designed to have a balance in areas such as sex and experience, have experience related to the categories concerned but no direct connections to the short-listed programmes or performers. There are a number of non-competitive honorary Awards—the Dennis Potter Award for Outstanding Writing for Television; these Awards are awarded by the Academy's Council. They are not always given every year, but as and when appropriate; the Awards ceremony is broadcast on British television the day after it has taken place. Between 1998 and 2006, it was alternated between BBC One, but since 2007, it has been broadcast by BBC One. In 1991, a controversial selection was made in the Best Drama Serial category, when Prime Suspect beat G. B. H. to win the award. Following the ceremony, four of the seven voting members of the jury signed a public statement declaring that they had voted for G. B. H. to win. Jury chairperson Irene Shubik, who did not cast a vote, refused to comment publicly on the affair, but BAFTA Chairman Richard Price stated that the ballot papers passed on to him by Shubik had shown four votes for Prime Suspect and three for G.
B. H. Price claimed. No blame was attached to Shubik by the four judges, it was to her that they had turned to raise the apparent discrepancy with BAFTA; the main competitive Award categories presented every year are: Best Actor Best Actress Best Supporting Actor Best Supporting Actress Best Comedy Includes sketch shows. Judged on the basis of a single episode. Lew Grade Award for Best Entertainment Programme Includes general entertainment programmes, variety shows, game shows, panel games, stand-up and celebrity chat shows. Judged on the basis of a single episode. Best Entertainment Performance - Known as Best Light Entertainment Performance prior to 2000. Best Female Comedy Performance - Previously one award for Best Comedy Performance, Separate male and female categories created in 2010. Best Male Comedy Performance Best Drama Serial A drama where one main story is told across more than one episode, the story is resolved in the final episode. Best International Programme Best Drama Series A drama which consists of several episodes, but each episode tells a self-contained story, with the same characters continuing across the episodes.
Best Single Drama A drama where one self-contained story is told in a single one-off episode, equivalent to a television movie. The minimum length is five minutes. Best Soap and Continuing Drama A drama which transmits a minimum of twenty episodes per year; the nominees are soap operas. Best Current Affairs - replaced The entered programme can be a one-off or part of a series, but if part of a series the same episode may not be entered in another category; this category was ceased in 2007 due to lack of entrants for the award. However, current affairs programmes can still qualify, but under the category of either Best Single Documentary or Best Factual Series, depending on the genre of the programme. Longlist and nominations for these two categories are expected to expand. Best Factual Series or Strand Best Mini-Series Best Feature For p
Elizabeth I (2005 miniseries)
Elizabeth I is a two-part 2005 British historical drama television miniseries directed by Tom Hooper, written by Nigel Williams, starring Helen Mirren as Elizabeth I of England. The miniseries covers the last 24 years of her nearly 45-year reign. Part 1 focuses on the final years of her relationship with the Earl of Leicester, played by Jeremy Irons. Part 2 focuses on her subsequent relationship with the Earl of Essex, played by Hugh Dancy; the series was broadcast in the United Kingdom in two two-hour segments on Channel 4. It aired on HBO in the United States, CBC and TMN in Canada, ATV in Hong Kong, ABC in Australia, TVNZ Television One in New Zealand; the series went on to win Emmy and Golden Globe Awards. In 1579, Elizabeth I refuses to marry, her chief advisor, Lord Burghley, her spymaster, Francis Walsingham, plan to have her wed the Duke of Anjou in order to cement an English-French alliance against Spain while her favourite, the Earl of Leicester, opposes the plan due to his own longstanding affections for her.
Upon arriving in England, the Duke courts Elizabeth, gaining her favor. She decides not to marry him after Burghley dissuades her from following through due to negative popular opinion towards the match. Over time, Walsingham gathers evidence to prove that Elizabeth's Catholic cousin Mary, Queen of Scots is plotting to have her killed. Elizabeth is reluctant to have Mary executed because of the war it would ignite between England and Spain. During a secret meeting, Mary gives Elizabeth her word. Elizabeth hesitantly gives Leicester command of the English campaign to assist the Dutch against Spain, which fails. Once it is proven that Mary has in fact been conspiring against Elizabeth's life, Mary is judged guilty of treason and executed. After negotiations between England and Spain fail, a fleet of Spanish ships are sent for England. Elizabeth gives Leicester command of the land forces and rides with him and his stepson the Earl of Essex to Tilbury, where they expect the Spanish to attempt a landing and where Elizabeth delivers a speech to the troops.
The Spanish Armada is defeated, but Leicester falls gravely ill just as they learn of the English victory. On his deathbed, Leicester bids Essex to take care of Elizabeth. By 1589, Elizabeth falls in love with him, she is outraged when he takes part in an English military expedition to Lisbon against her wishes, but she forgives him in spite of his failure to take the city from the Spanish. She grants him 10 percent of a tax on sweet wines and a seat on the Privy Council, of which Lord Burghley's son Robert Cecil was recently made a member. Essex and Cecil develop a rivalry, as illustrated by the affair of Elizabeth's physician Dr. Lopez, hanged based on evidence brought forth by Essex of his participation in a Spanish plot against Elizabeth, evidence proven questionable after the fact by Cecil. Essex's political ambitions begin to clash with his loyalty to Elizabeth; as Elizabeth finds her young lover's behavior becoming worrisome, she draws closer to Cecil, named Secretary of State following the death of Walsingham.
Essex is publicly hailed upon his return to England after taking Cadiz from the Spanish, but his relationship with Elizabeth begins to deteriorate. She and Cecil suspect Essex of secretly communicating with James VI of Scotland, son of Mary, Queen of Scots, a potential successor to the English throne. After Burghley's death, Elizabeth sends Essex to Ireland to put down a rebellion but he instead makes a truce and returns to England alone. Elizabeth puts Essex under house arrest. Essex and his followers are captured. At his trial, Essex accuses Cecil of collaborating with Spain but has no evidence to prove this, he is found guilty of treason and beheaded; some time Elizabeth becomes listless, going for three weeks without eating before making her way to her bed and requesting a priest, saying she is minded to die. Eight actors receive billing in the opening credits of one or both parts of Elizabeth I: Helen Mirren as Queen Elizabeth I Jeremy Irons as Earl of Leicester Hugh Dancy as Earl of Essex Toby Jones as Robert Cecil Patrick Malahide as Sir Francis Walsingham Ian McDiarmid as Lord Burghley Barbara Flynn as Mary, Queen of Scots Ewen Bremner as King James VIThe full cast of characters of each part is listed in the closing credits of each part.
Apart from those receiving star billing, those in Part 1 include: Jérémie Covillault as Duke of Anjou Simon Woods as Gifford Diana Kent as Lady Essex Toby Salaman as Dr Lopez Geoffrey Streatfeild as Sir Anthony Babington David Delve as Sir Francis Drake Martin Marquez as Don Bernardino de Mendoza Rimantas Bagdzevicius as Howard of EffinghamApart from those receiving star billing and Salaman as Dr Lopez, those in Part 2 include: Will Keen as Francis Bacon Eddie Redmayne as Southampton Ben Pullen as Sir Walter Raleigh Charlotte Asprey as Frances Walsingham According to director Tom Hooper, Mirren "came onboard before the script was written because the feeling was that it was only worth doing if she would play it." Hooper and Mirren had worked together on the police procedural drama Prime Suspect 6. The project on Elizabeth I was going to be two hours and focus on her relationship with the Earl of Essex, but Mirren "felt that there should be more politics" according to writer Nigel Williams.
The series was filmed in Vilnius, where the massive sets were constructed inside a sports arena, abandoned in the 1970s. The Whitehall Palace set was constructed to scale from original plans. At Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average score out o
Our Friends in the North
Our Friends in the North is a British television drama serial produced by the BBC. It was broadcast in nine episodes on BBC Two in early 1996. Written by Peter Flannery, it tells the story of four friends from the city of Newcastle upon Tyne in North East England over a period of 31 years, from 1964 to 1995; the story makes reference to certain political and social events which occurred during the era portrayed, some specific to Newcastle and others which affected Britain as a whole. These include general elections and local government corruption, the UK miners' strike and the Great Storm of 1987; the serial is regarded as one of the most successful BBC television dramas of the 1990s, described by The Daily Telegraph as "a production where all... worked to serve a writer's vision. We are not to look upon its like again", it has been named by the British Film Institute as one of the 100 Greatest British Television Programmes of the 20th century, by The Guardian newspaper as the third greatest television drama of all time and by the Radio Times magazine as one of the 40 greatest television programmes.
It was awarded three British Academy Television Awards, two Royal Television Society Awards, four Broadcasting Press Guild Awards and a Certificate of Merit from the San Francisco International Film Festival. Our Friends in the North helped to establish the careers of its four lead actors, Daniel Craig, Christopher Eccleston, Gina McKee and Mark Strong. Daniel Craig's part in particular has been referred to as his breakthrough role, it was a controversial production, as its stories were based on real people and events. Several years passed before it was adapted from a play, performed by the Royal Shakespeare Company, to a television drama, due in part to the BBC's fear of legal action; each of the nine episodes of the serial takes place in the year. The episodes follow the four main characters and their changing lives and relationships against the backdrop of the political and social events in Britain; the four friends are Dominic'Nicky' Hutchinson, Mary Soulsby, George'Geordie' Peacock and Terry'Tosker' Cox.
The series begins with 1964. Nicky returns from working with the civil rights movement in the southern United States to resume his studies at the University of Manchester, he is reunited with his girlfriend and best friend, hoping to form a pop group with his mate Tosker. Nicky is persuaded to drop out of university and work for corrupt local politician Austin Donohue, swayed by Donohue's apparent idealism and desire to change Newcastle for the better; this is much to the annoyance of Nicky's trade unionist father Felix, who does not want his son to waste opportunities that he never had. Nicky's relationship with Mary ends when she becomes pregnant by Tosker and marries him, which means she drops out of university. On the run from a pregnant girlfriend himself and his abusive alcoholic father, Geordie leaves for London, where he falls in with seedy underworld baron Benny Barrett. Geordie is successful while employed by Barrett in his Soho nightclubs and sex shops, he helps Tosker and Mary by introducing Tosker to Barrett, who lends him the money to start his own fruit and vegetable business.
Tosker's former dreams of musical stardom fade away. Meanwhile, Nicky realises the extent of Donohue's corrupt dealings with building contractor John Edwards, he resigns in disgust becoming involved with anarchists in London. By the early 1970s, the police have cracked down on Barrett's business and their own corruption but not before Barrett has set Geordie up, sending him to prison in retaliation for an affair that Geordie had with Barrett's lover. Nicky's anarchist cell is raided, he returns to Newcastle. Geordie returns as well. By 1979, Nicky has returned to more mainstream politics and stands for the Labour Party in the general election, but is defeated by the Conservative Party candidate after a smear campaign. Geordie leaves shortly before the election, not to be seen in the series again until 1987. By 1984, Nicky is working as a photographer and Mary has divorced Tosker, who has remarried and is becoming a rich businessman. Nicky and Mary renew their relationship during the turbulent events of the miners' strike and marry.
By 1987, their marriage is falling apart. He meets Geordie, now a homeless, drunken vagrant, by chance in London but his old friend disappears before he has a chance to help him. Geordie is sentenced to life in prison as a danger to the public, after setting fire to a mattress in a hostel. Despite her failing marriage to Nicky, Mary's life is becoming an increasing success and she is now a councillor. Tosker, loses his fortune in the stock market crash; the final episode, 1995, sees Nicky, who has emigrated to Italy, returning to Newcastle to oversee the funeral of his mother. Tosker has managed to rebuild his business and is about to hold the opening night of his new floating nightclub, based on a boat moored on the River Tyne. Mary, now a Labour Member of Parliament sympathetic to New Labour, is invited to the opening and Tosker is surprised to find Geordie back in the city as well. Neither Mary nor Geordie make it to the opening night party but the four friends are reunited the following day at Nicky's house after his mother's funeral.
Wild at Heart (UK TV series)
Wild at Heart is an ITV television drama series created by Ashley Pharoah about a veterinary surgeon and his family, who emigrate from Bristol, England to South Africa, where they attempt to rehabilitate a game reserve for wild animals and establish a veterinary surgery and animal hospital. The show ran for seven series beginning on 29 January 2006 and ending on 30 December 2012. Wild at Heart began airing 29 January 2006 on ITV, it ran for seven series. It was filmed on location at the Glen Afric Country Lodge, a 1500-acre game reserve and sanctuary, home to a host of African wildlife, including lions, elephants, cheetahs and buffalo. Glen Afric is located in South Africa. A large set called'Leopards Den' was built on the property for the production. Producer Ann Harrison-Baxter said: "We walked every inch of the reserve to find the best place to build the house, it was all created from scratch and aged to look like it had been there for more than a century in just 10 weeks!" Leopards Den was significant as a symbolic character in its own right throughout the show's 7 years.
It served as the backdrop against which the family struggled to carve out a new life for themselves, to survive and remain together. The primary cast included Stephen Tompkinson as Danny Trevanion. Dawn Steele appeared in Series 4–6 as Alice Collins, but took maternity leave for all but one episode of Series 7, returning for the Christmas finale. Tarryn Faye Brummage played Alice's daughter Charlotte, Atandwa Kani appeared in Series 6–7. Wild at Heart was immensely popular in the UK, with ratings peaking at 10 million viewers and never averaging less than 7.5 million over any series. However, the show faced strong competition during Series 7 and speculation appeared in British online newspaper articles in February 2012 that Wild at Heart would be axed after Series 7. In April 2012, similar statements appeared, but ITV did not publish a formal press release confirming that the show was cancelled. On 25 April 2012 the Daily Mail published the following: "A spokesperson for ITV said it had been a'difficult decision' to end Wild at Heart but hoped the feature-length special would give the show, which first aired in 2006, a chance to end'on a high'."The two-hour finale special was filmed at Leopards Den in September 2012 and aired on 30 December 2012 on ITV.
ITV's Head of Drama Series Steve November said: "Wild at Heart will end on a high thanks to the fantastic cast and writing team who produce the drama. We couldn't wish for a better script to celebrate an immensely successful series for ITV." The finale special was followed on 31 December 2012, by a one-hour documentary titled Wild at Heart: Filming With Animals. In a BBC Radio 2 interview with Simon Mayo on 24 October 2012, Stephen Tompkinson said, "We got back about three weeks ago, it was sad to say'goodbye'... We are ending it in a way that will let you know it's the end. We're not sort-of loosely hanging on to go try and get a Christmas Special or a Valentine's Day Special out of it; this is it. It ends with a lovely wedding. Wild at Heart aired as a simulcast on TV3 Ireland; the pilot episode was remade for an American audience, with a predominantly American cast, different characters and a loosely similar plot line. It succeeded enough for a first full series to be commissioned with the title Life Is Wild.
It aired on The CW Television Network in the U. S. the Hallmark Channel in the United Kingdom, Skai TV in Greece and Warner Channel in South Africa. However, ratings were low and the show was cancelled after Series 1. On 14 January 2013, ITV3 began airing twice-daily repeats of Wild at Heart, beginning with the first episode of the first Series. Beginning reruns again from 7 May 2015. On 27 October 2017, Deon Stewardson was found dead in a Graaff-Reinet accommodation outlet, with the police confirming it being suicide. NOTE: All ratings retrieved from http://www.barb.co.uk and include ITV1 HD and ITV1 +1 for series 6 onwards. A behind-the-scenes documentary titled Wild at Heart — Filming with Animals aired on ITV on 31 December 2012, the evening following the Finale Special. Narrator Stephen Tompkinson, who played the central character, Danny Trevanion, throughout Wild at Heart, introduces the animals and their handlers and gives an insider's view of how some of the show's biggest animal stunts were achieved.
It features unseen footage and reveals how real-life emergencies are dealt with in the unpredictable world of filming with animals. The documentary was viewed by 3.19 million viewers. Additional behind-the-scenes clips and special features are available on the DVDs; the music for Wild at Heart was composed by Nick Green. The soundtrack is available from iTunes as a download distributed by AWAL. All profits from its sale are donated to Water Aid. On 9 November 2010, cast and crew returned to the Glen Afric reserve to find that Hamley, a v