SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Charles S. Howard

Charles Stewart Howard was an American businessman. He became a prominent thoroughbred racehorse owner. Howard was dubbed one of the most successful Buick salesmen of all time, he lost his son to a car accident in 1926 at an early age and bought the soon-to-be-famous horse Seabiscuit. According to Laura Hillenbrand's biography of Seabiscuit, Howard's early car dealership in San Francisco was given a boost by the hand of fate. In 1921, long before he bought Seabiscuit, Charles Howard purchased the 16,000-acre Ridgewood Ranch at Willits in Mendocino County, his 15-year-old son, died there in 1926 after a truck accident on the property. Used as a secondary residence, by the 1930s Howard had converted part of the ranch into a thoroughbred horse breeding and training center. Although Seabiscuit was the most famous resident at Ridgewood Ranch, Charles Howard owned many horses in his secondary career as a Thoroughbred owner including Kayak II and Hall of Fame colt Noor, the first of only two horses to defeat two U.

S. Triple Crown champions. Charles Howard died of a heart attack in 1950 and was buried in the Cypress Lawn Memorial Park in Colma, California. Ridgewood Ranch was sold by his heirs, with some of the horses sent to his son Lindsay's Binglin Stable in Moorpark, California. Seabiscuit – starring Jeff Bridges as Charles S Howard. People connected to Seabiscuit An excerpt from Seabiscuit: An American Legend by Laura Hillenbrand

Wabunowin

The Wabunowin is the "Dawn Society" sometime improperly called the "Magical Dawn Society", a distinct Anishinaabeg society of visionaries, practiced among the Anishinaabeg peoples, consisting of the Algonquin/Nipissing, Ojibwa/Chippewa/Saulteaux/Mississaugas, Odawa and Oji-cree, located in the Great Lakes region of North America. Like the Midewiwin, the Wabunowin is a secretive animistic religion, requiring an initiation, thus early non-indigenous writers lumped the information on the Wabunowin with the Midewiwin, but unlike the Mide, the Waabano have sometimes two levels, sometimes four. This variation is dependent on the particular lodge; this society was mentioned in The Song of Hiawatha by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow who used informational materials made available from Henry Schoolcraft to compose the epic poem. The Dawn Society members were systematically imprisoned in mental hospitals by the United States government in the late 19th and early 20th centuries; because of this persecution, the Wabunowin went underground and have just begun to reemerge in the last decade.

While many of the ceremonies and traditions are guarded, one, known is the Fire Dance. The Waabanowin have been coming out from underground and re-establishing themselves for about 15 years now. There are active lodges in Saskatchewan, Quebec and Michigan; the word for "dawn" or "east" in the Anishinaabe language is waaban. Its practitioners are called Waabanow and the practices of Waabanowin referred to as the Waabano. Unlike the mide where gender-specific references could be made for its practitioners, Waabano do not. Though of differing etymology, waaban is associated with owaabi'aan, "they see them", from waabi′, "to see SOMEBODY"; this word association reinforces the idea of the Waabanowag as being visionaries. There are differing stories about the origins of the Waabanowin. Many writings put them as a late 19th-century origin, but the members with their oral traditions place the origin many centuries ago; the oral traditions of the lodge put the formation of the society happening shortly after creation.

The Waabanowin elders trace the origins of the lodge or society to the original teachings of Nanabozho. The stories of Nanabozho are used in the teachings of the Society. Further, the Waabanowin lodge with less than 25 participants, but as many as 300, only needed one or two elders to perform the ceremonies, unlike the Midewiwin which required several; this would allow the Waabanowin ceremonies to have existed in the much smaller settlements that the Anishinaabeg lived before contact with Europe. The Waabanowin have a basic set of beliefs that anthropologist call'animist.' In many ways this is correct but in some ways it is not. They do not believe in a multitude of deities in every living thing, but there is a single creator entity called Gichi-manidoo. There are Manidoog in all living things and these are spirits but not deities, it is the goal of Waabanow to live a life in balance with everything around them and with all of creation. They do not try to do no bad; the elders in the Waabano guide those.

It is not their way to dictate a what a person does. The Waabanow points the person in the correct direction using the stories and traditions of the lodge. There is absolutes; each person has their own path to walk and their own things to learn because what one person has to learn is different from another, they cannot have absolutes. There is no effort to convert people to the beliefs of the lodge. People will find their way to the traditions or they will not, it is the belief of the lodge. Each person has different things to learn. If the individual does not learn his or her individual life purpose lesson that individual will come back to this world again; the lodge has several ceremonies they share in common with the other medicine traditions of the Anishinaabe people. They have ceremonies that are specific to the Dawn Society. While many would like to know more the actual ceremonies are not written down and traditions of the society prohibit the writing or the ceremonies. For these that want to know more it is recommended that they seek out a Waabanowin and learn from the lodge and elders directly.

What follows is a basic overview of the ceremonies. On the solstice and equinox the lodge performs a set of ceremonies that begin at dusk and end at dawn; each of the ceremonies differ, with the winter ceremony being the highest ceremony of the lodge. All of the lodge ceremonies begin with a purification done through a Madoodiswan. After the sweat the ceremony goes until dawn; the Spring Equinox was the beginning of the new year to the Waabanowin, which unlike the dominate Midewiwin whose new year began in Winter. Minookamin fell just after the Maple camps. During the Spring Ceremony the focus is on the Grandfather; the Summer Solstice is a time of gathering of many bands. The ceremony is more of a time of teaching and fellowship, it is the largest of the Waabanowin ceremonies in the number of people. The ceremony starts at dusk with the lighting of the sacred fire. Like the Spring the dagwaagin ceremony fell just before the Wild rice camps. Traditionally the Anishinaabe peoples only told certain tradi

Brian's Winter

Brian's Winter known as Hatchet: Winter is a 1996 young adult novel by Gary Paulsen. It is the third novel in the Hatchet series, but second in terms of chronology as an alternate ending sequel to Hatchet, it was released as Hatchet: Winter by Pan Macmillan on February 9, 1996. At the end of Hatchet, thirteen-year-old Brian Robeson, trapped in the Canadian wilderness after a plane accident, decides to dive for a "survival pack" from the submerged aircraft, he drowns trying to tear the plane open. He recovers, among other things, an emergency transmitter. Within hours, a pilot rescues him; the book begins with a foreword that Brian, who learned wilderness survival through trial and error would not have survived the upcoming harsh winter on his own. Paulsen says. In response, Paulsen wrote Brian's Winter, which explores what would have happened if Brian had not activated the transmitter; the story deals with Brian, still stranded at the L-shaped lake during the fall and winter, constructing a winter shelter, building snow shoes, being confronted by a bear and naming a skunk and learning how to make a bow more powerful.

Brian meets a family of Cree trappers, the Smallhorns, who help him return home. Brian's Winter is followed chronologically by the two sequels, Brian's Return and Brian's Hunt as they recognize the book as a series canon; the River does not and includes no mention that the events of Brian's Winter took place as Brian tells Derek Holtzer that he only spent fifty-four days in the wilderness. This is because The River was published in 1991, five years before the release of Brian's Winter