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Charles Scribner's Sons

Charles Scribner's Sons, or Scribner's or Scribner, is an American publisher based in New York City, known for publishing American authors including Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Kurt Vonnegut, Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, Stephen King, Robert A. Heinlein, Thomas Wolfe, George Santayana, John Clellon Holmes, Don DeLillo, Edith Wharton; the firm published Scribner's Magazine for many years. More several Scribner titles and authors have garnered Pulitzer Prizes, National Book Awards and other merits. In 1978 the company became The Scribner Book Companies. In turn it merged into Macmillan in 1984. Simon & Schuster bought Macmillan in 1994. By this point only the trade book and reference book operations still bore the original family name. After the merger, the Macmillan and Atheneum adult lists were merged into Scribner's and the Scribner's children list was merged into Atheneum; the former imprint, now "Scribner," was retained by Simon & Schuster, while the reference division has been owned by Gale since 1999.

As of 2012, Scribner is a division of Simon & Schuster under the title Scribner Publishing Group which includes the Touchstone Books imprint. The president of Scribner as of 2017 is Susan Moldow, the current publisher is Nan Graham; the firm was founded in 1846 by Charles Scribner I and Isaac D. Baker as "Baker & Scribner." After Baker's death, Scribner bought the remainder of the company and renamed it the "Charles Scribner Company." In 1865, the company made its first venture into magazine publishing with Hours at Home. In 1870, the Scribners organized a new firm and Company, to publish a magazine entitled Scribner’s Monthly. After the death of Charles Scribner I in 1871, his son John Blair Scribner took over as president of the company, his other sons Charles Scribner II and Arthur Hawley Scribner would join the firm, in 1875 and 1884. They each served as presidents; when the other partners in the venture sold their stake to the family, the company was renamed Charles Scribner's Sons. The company launched St. Nicholas Magazine in 1873 with Mary Mapes Dodge as editor and Frank R. Stockton as assistant editor.

When the Scribner family sold the magazine company to outside investors in 1881, Scribner’s Monthly was renamed the Century Magazine. The Scribners brothers were enjoined from publishing any magazine for a period of five years. In 1886, at the expiration of this term, they launched Scribner's Magazine; the firm's headquarters were in the Scribner Building, built in 1893, on lower Fifth Avenue at 21st Street, in the Charles Scribner's Sons Building, on Fifth Avenue in midtown. Both buildings were designed by Ernest Flagg in a Beaux Arts style; the children's book division was established in 1934 under the leadership of Alice Dalgliesh. It published works by distinguished authors and illustrators including N. C. Wyeth, Robert A. Heinlein, Marcia Brown, Will James, Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, Leo Politi; as of 2011 the publisher is owned by the CBS Corporation. Simon & Schuster reorganized their adult imprints into four divisions in 2012. Scribner became the Scribner Publishing Group and would expand to include Touchstone Books, part of Free Press.

The other divisions are Atria Publishing Group, Simon & Schuster Publishing Group, the Gallery Publishing Group. The new Scribner division would be led by Susan Moldow as president. Charles Scribner I, 1846 to 1871 John Blair Scribner, 1871 to 1879 Charles Scribner II, 1879 to 1930 Arthur Hawley Scribner, circa 1900 Charles Scribner III, 1932 to 1952 Charles Scribner IV, 1952 to 1984 Edith Wharton Henry James Ernest Hemingway Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings Ring Lardner Thomas Wolfe Reinhold Niebuhr F. Scott Fitzgerald Thomas Wolfe Ernest Hemingway Ring Lardner Erskine Caldwell S. S. Van Dine James Jones Simon & Schuster has published thousands of books from thousands of authors; this list represents some of the more notable authors from Scribner since becoming part of Simon & Schuster. For a more extensive list see List of Schuster authors. Annie Proulx Andrew Solomon Anthony Doerr Don DeLillo Frank McCourt Stephen King Jeanette Walls Baker & Scribner, until the death of Baker in 1850 Charles Scribner Company Charles Scribner's Sons Scribner The Scribner Bookstores are now owned by Barnes & Noble.

Charles Scribner I List of Simon & Schuster Authors Scribner's Monthly Scribner's Magazine Simon & Schuster Scribner Building Roger Burlingame, Of Making Many Books: A Hundred Years of Reading and Publishing, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1946. Robert Trogdon, The Lousy Racket: Hemingway and the Business of Literature, Kent State University Press, 2007; the House of Scribner "Scribner Magazine online". 1889-1939. Retrieved 2012-04-24. Charles Scribner's Sons at Thomson Gale Archives of Charles Scribner’s Sons at the Princeton University Library, Manuscript Division Charles Scribner's Sons Art Reference Department records at the Smithsonian Archives of American Art Charles Scribner's Sons: An Illustrated Chronology Princeton Library

Henry Breault

Henry Breault was a United States Navy submarine sailor who received the Medal of Honor for his actions while serving aboard the submarine USS O-5. He was the first submariner and he remains the only enlisted submariner to be awarded the Medal of Honor for actions aboard a United States submarine. Henry Breault was born in Putnam, Connecticut, on 14 October 1900. During World War I he enlisted in the British Royal Navy at sixteen years of age and, after serving under the White Ensign for four years, joined the U. S. Navy. On 28 October 1923, Torpedoman Second Class Breault was a member of the crew of USS O-5 when that submarine was sunk in a collision in the Panama Canal. Though he could have escaped, Breault chose to assist a shipmate and remained inside the sunken submarine until both were rescued more than a day later. For his "heroism and devotion to duty" on this occasion, Henry Breault was awarded the Medal of Honor, he received his Medal of Honor from President Calvin Coolidge, in ceremonies at the White House, Washington, D.

C. on 8 March 1924. Following twenty years of U. S. Navy service, Henry Breault became ill with a heart condition, he died at the Naval Hospital at Newport, Rhode Island, on 5 December 1941, two days before the attack on Pearl Harbor brought on U. S. entry into World War II. He was buried in Saint Mary Cemetery in Connecticut. Petty Officer Breault was the first submariner to receive the Medal of Honor and the only enlisted man to receive the Medal of Honor for heroism while serving as a submariner. Seven submarine commanders received the Medal of Honor during World War II. Master Chief Petty Officer William R. Charette received the Medal of Honor for heroism while a Navy corpsman during the Korean War and joined the submarine service. On 28 October 1923, the USS O-5 was operating with other units of the U. S. Atlantic Fleet under the command of Commander Submarine Force, Coco Solo, Canal Zone. At 0630, USS O-5, under the command of Lieutenant Harrison Avery, was underway leading a column of submarines consisting of O-5, O-3, O-6, O-8 across Limon Bay toward the entrance to the Panama Canal.

The steamship SS Abangarez, owned by the United Fruit Company and captained by Master W. A. Card, was underway toward Dock No. 6 at Cristobal. Through a series of maneuvering errors and miscommunication, the SS Abangarez collided with O-5 and struck the submarine on the starboard side of the control room, opening a hole some ten feet long and penetrating the number one main ballast tank; the submarine rolled to port – back to starboard – and sank bow first in 42 feet of water. The steamship picked up eight survivors – including the commanding officer – who had either been topside or climbed up through the conning tower hatch. Nearby tugs and ships rescued several others. Eight minutes after O-5 sank, Chief Machinist’s Mate C. R. Butler surfaced in an air bubble. In all, 16 crewmen were rescued. Five were missing: Chief Electrician’s Mate Lawrence T. Brown, Torpedoman’s Mate Second Class Henry Breault, plus three others. Henry Breault had been working in the torpedo room when the collision occurred, he headed up the ladder topside.

As he gained the main deck, he realized. Instead of going over the side, Breault headed back below to get Brown and shut the deck hatch over his head just as the bow went under. Brown was unaware of the order to abandon ship. Both men headed aft to exit through Control, but the water coming into the Forward Battery compartment made that escape route unusable, they made it through the rising water to the torpedo room and had just shut and dogged the door when the battery shorted and exploded. Breault knew the bow was under, they were trapped. Salvage efforts began and divers were sent down from a salvage tug that arrived from Coco Solo. By 10:00 am, they were on the bottom examining the wreck. To search for trapped personnel, they hammered on the hull near the aft end of the ship and worked forward. Upon reaching the torpedo room, they heard answering hammer blows from inside the boat. In those days before modern safety and rescue devices, the only way the salvage crew, under the command of Captain Amos Bronson, Jr. could get the men out of the boat was to lift it physically from the mud using cranes or pontoons.

There were no pontoons within 2,000 miles of the site, but two of the largest crane barges in the world and Hercules, were in the Canal Zone. They had been built for handling the gates of the canal locks. However, there had been a landslide at the famous Gaillard Cut, both barges were on the other side of the slide, assisting in clearing the Canal; the excavation shifted into high gear and by 2:00 pm on the afternoon of the sinking, the crane barge Ajax squeezed through and was on its way to the O-5 site. Divers worked to tunnel under O-5's bow. Ajax arrived about midnight, by early morning, the cable tunnel had been dug, the cable run, a lift was attempted. Sheppard J. Shreaves, supervisor of the Panama Canal’s salvage crew and himself a qualified diver, had been working continuously throughout the night to dig the tunnel, snake the cable under the submarine, hook it to Ajax’s hoist. Now the lift began; as the crane took a strain, the lift cables broke. Shreaves and his crew worked another cable set under the bow and again Ajax pulled.

Again, the cable broke. All through the day, the men worked. Shreaves had been in his diving suit nearly 24 hours; as midnight on 29 October approached, the crane was ready for another lift, this time with buoyancy being added by blowing water out of the flooded Engine Room. Just after midnight, the bow of O-5 broke the s

Dettingen Te Deum

The Dettingen Te Deum is a setting of the canticle Te Deum in D major composed by George Frideric Handel in 1743. On 27 June 1743, the British army and its allies, under the command of King George II and Lord Stair, won a victory at the Battle of Dettingen, over the French army, commanded by the Maréchal de Noailles and the Duc de Grammont. On the King's return a day of public thanksgiving was appointed, Handel, at that time "Composer of the Musick to the Chapel Royal," was commissioned to write a Te Deum and an anthem for the occasion; the work was composed between 17 and 29 July 1743 and was first performed on 27 November 1743 in the Chapel Royal of St James's Palace, London in the presence of George II. The Dettingen Te Deum is not a Te Deum in a grand martial panegyric, it contains eighteen short solos and choruses of a brilliant, martial character, the solos being divided between the alto and bass. After a brief instrumental prelude, the work opens with the triumphant, jubilant chorus with trumpets and drums, written for the five parts, the sopranos being divided into first and seconds, containing a short alto solo leading to a closing fugue.

The second number is an alto solo with five-part chorus of the same general character. It is followed by a semi-chorus in three parts, plaintive in style, leading to the full chorus, majestic in its movement and rich in harmony; the fifth number is a quartet and chorus, dominated by the bass, with responses from the other parts, is followed by a short, full chorus. The seventh number is a stirring bass solo with trumpets. A fanfare of trumpets introduces all choruses. In this group the art of fugue and counterpoint is splendidly illustrated, but never to the sacrifice of brilliant effect, heightened by the trumpets in the accompaniments. An impressive bass solo intervenes, the trumpets sound the stately symphony to the final chorus, it begins with a long alto solo with delicate oboe accompaniment that makes the effect impressive when voices and instruments take up the phrase in a magnificent outburst of power and rich harmony, carry it to the close. Handel: Dettingen Te Deum - Choir of Trinity College, Academy of Ancient Music, Stephen Layton, 2008, Hyperion Records: CDA67678 Handel: Dettingen Te Deum, Dettingen Anthem - Choir of Westminster Abbey, The English Concert, Trevor Pinnock, 1984, Deutsche Grammophon: Archiv 410 6472 This article incorporates text from: Upton, George P.

The Standard Oratorios: Their Stories, Their Music, Their Composers, Chicago: A. C. McClurg & Co. 1893, pp. 155–158 Liner Notes for Handel: Dettingen Te Deum Te Deum in D major, HWV 283: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project

NER Bogie Tank Passenger

The North Eastern Railway Bogie Tank Passenger locomotives were designed by Edward Fletcher in 1873. The locomotives were for hauling passenger services on branch lines, they had an 0-4-4 wheel layout and a total of 124 locomotives were built. They were designated G6 by the North Eastern Railway. With the introduction of the NER Class O, BTP locomotives started to become redundant. Fifty of the redundant BTPs were rebuilt between 1908 as NER Class 290 0-6-0T locomotives. In 1903, locomotive No. 957 was rebuilt as a 2-2-4T for hauling an officer's saloon. With the reduction in passenger services towards the end of World War I, many of the BTPs became redundant. In 1921, ten BTPs were rebuilt to create further NER Class 290 locomotives. Many class BTPs gained a further lease of life in the early 1900s by being converted to work the Steam Autocars being introduced. A Steam Autocar consisted of a BTP with one or two coaches, the train was driven from a driving compartment in the leading coach, leaving the fireman on the footplate.

The driver had control of the regulator and reverser by means of a mechanical connection running under the coach and connecting to the engine using a form of universal joints. The driver had full brake control via a second air pipe connection to the engine; this high pressure air supply worked a whistle mounted above the driving compartment. There was speaking tube communication between the driver and fireman - although there is evidence that this was little used. Steam autocars were withdrawn as the LNER introduced Sentinel steam railcars; the coaches were converted back to normal coaches but the BTPs were withdrawn. Withdrawals of the G6 took place between 1920 and 1929 and none is preserved

Mary Freeman-Grenville, 12th Lady Kinloss

Beatrice Mary Grenville Freeman-Grenville, 12th Lady Kinloss was a British peer. The eldest of the three daughters of Luis Chandos Francis Temple Morgan-Grenville and Katherine Beatrice MacKenzie Jackman, she was educated at Ravenscroft School Eastbourne, she was the senior heir-general to Edward Seymour, Viscount Beauchamp, the only son of Lady Catherine Grey. She succeeded to the title Lady Kinloss on the death in 1944 of her grandmother, Mary Morgan-Grenville, 11th Lady Kinloss, she married Greville Stewart Parker Freeman in 1950. She sat as an Independent Crossbencher peer in the House of Lords from the implementation of the Peerage Act 1963, which allowed women peers in their own right to sit in the House, until the implementation of the House of Lords Act 1999, which removed all but 92 hereditary peers, she served on the House of Lords Committee on European Communities from 1990-92. She was unsuccessful in her bid to be elected as one of the retained 92 hereditary peers, coming 38th in a field of 79 candidates for 28 seats reserved for Crossbenchers.

The 12th Lady Kinloss died on 30 September 2012, the 160th birthday of her grandmother Mary Morgan-Grenville, 11th Lady Kinloss. She was succeeded by Teresa Freeman-Grenville, 13th Lady Kinloss. Ms Beatrice Freeman-Grenville, Hansard 1803–2005.

InScript keyboard

InScript is the decreed standard keyboard layout for Indian scripts using a standard 104- or 105-key layout. This keyboard layout was standardized by the Government of India for inputting text in languages of India written in Brahmic scripts, as well as the Santali language, written in the non-Brahmic Ol Chiki script, it was supported by several public and private organisations. This is the standard keyboard for 12 Indian scripts including Devanagari, Gujarati, Kannada, Odia and Telugu, among others; the InScript layout is built into most of the major operating systems including Windows, most Linux and Mac OS systems. It is available in some mobile phones and in Apple's iOS 5 and higher, it is available in Android 4.0 and higher but removed from latest Google Keyboard application and Google Indic Keyboard. It is available for Windows Mobile 5.x and 6.x from third parties. Devanagari InScript bilingual keyboard layout has a common layout for all the Indian scripts. Most Indic scripts have the same phonetic character order.

A person who knows InScript typing in one script can type in any other Indic script using dictation without knowledge of that script. The first InScript keyboard was standardized in 1986 under the auspices of the DOE, it was subsequently revised in 1988 by a DOE committee and modifications were made to accommodate nukta extended keys as well as to add certain matras. The last revision to the BIS document was made in 1992, after which the document has not undergone any revision; this was because few new characters were added to the ISCII code-set and these if at all were handled by extending and generating the character by the use of the nukta. The BIS document mentions such characters. Hence the InScript keyboards were felt to be self-sufficient. With the advent of Unicode, a few new characters were added to each code-page. In addition Unicode introduced the concept of ZWNJ, as well as that of normalization; these new features had marked repercussions on storage as well as inputting and an urgent need was felt for a revision whereby each new character introduced in Unicode would be accommodated on the keyboard and a uniform manner of entering data as well as storing data would be devised.

With this urgent requirement in mind, CDAC GIST involved in the initiative all major players: IBM, Microsoft and Red Hat Linux and hence in 2008, a joint meeting was organized between CDAC GIST and senior representatives of these multi-nationals to devise a common and uniform strategy for inputting and important for storage. This would enable the creation of one single keyboard and more one single storage, essential for all high-end NLP. A task-force was created with two major briefs: Evolve a design policy which would retain the major features of the existing Inscript keyboard. Accommodate on the keyboard every character proposed in Unicode 5.1 and ensure that the design could accommodate all future additions. This resulted in a document by thejoint deliberations of all these companies described as proposal for “Enhanced InScript keyboard layout 5.1”. Clip font Tamil 99 keyboard for Tamil. Online Hindi Typing Hindi Keyboard InScript Keyboard Overlay Inscript Malayalam Keyboard Help TVS Devanagari Bilingual keyboards with details of keyboard layout, installation instructions for Windows/Linux and online purchase Typing Devanagari text using Hindi Traditional keyboard Balendu Sharma Dadhich on Why Hindi users must adopt Inscript