Jean-Baptiste "Illinois" Jacquet was an American jazz tenor saxophonist, best remembered for his solo on "Flying Home", critically recognized as the first R&B saxophone solo. Although he was a pioneer of the honking tenor saxophone that became a regular feature of jazz playing and a hallmark of early rock and roll, Jacquet was a skilled and melodic improviser, both on up-tempo tunes and ballads, he doubled on one of only a few jazz musicians to use the instrument. Jacquet was born to a Black Creole mother and father, named Marguerite Trahan and Gilbert Jacquet, in Louisiana and moved to Houston, Texas, as an infant, was raised there as one of six siblings, his father was a part-time bandleader. As a child he performed in his father's band on the alto saxophone, his older brother Russell Jacquet played his brother Linton played drums. At 15, Jacquet began playing with a Houston-area dance band. In 1939, he moved to Los Angeles, where he met Nat King Cole. Jacquet would sit in with the trio on occasion.
In 1940, Cole introduced Jacquet to Lionel Hampton who had returned to California and was putting together a big band. Hampton asked the young Jacquet to switch to tenor saxophone. In 1942, at age 19, Jacquet soloed on the Hampton Orchestra's recording of "Flying Home", one of the first times a honking tenor sax was heard on record; the record became a hit. The song became the climax for the live shows and Jacquet became exhausted from having to "bring down the house" every night; the solo was built to weave in and out of the arrangement and continued to be played by every saxophone player who followed Jacquet in the band, notably Arnett Cobb and Dexter Gordon, who achieved as much fame as Jacquet in playing it. It is one of the few jazz solos to have been memorized and played much the same way by everyone who played the song, he joined Cab Calloway's Orchestra. Jacquet appeared with Cab Calloway's band in Lena Horne's movie Stormy Weather. In the earlier years of Jacquet's career, his brother Linton Jacquet managed him on the chitlin circuit Linton's daughter Brenda Jacquet-Ross sang in jazz venues in the San Francisco Bay Area in the 1990s to early 2000s, with a band called the Mondo Players.
In 1944, Illinois Jacquet returned to California and started a small band with his brother Russell and a young Charles Mingus. It was at this time that he appeared in the Academy Award-nominated short film Jammin' the Blues with Lester Young, he appeared at the first Jazz at the Philharmonic concert. In 1946, he moved to New York City, joined the Count Basie orchestra, replacing Lester Young. In 1952 Jacquet co-wrote'Just When We're Falling in Love'. Jacquet continued to perform in small groups through the 1970s. Jacquet led the Illinois Jacquet Big Band from 1981 until his death. Jacquet became the first jazz musician to be an artist-in-residence at Harvard University, in 1983, he played "C-Jam Blues" with President Bill Clinton on the White House lawn during Clinton's inaugural ball in 1993. Jacquet's final performance was on July 2004, at the Lincoln Center in New York. Jacquet died in his home in Queens, New York of a heart attack on July 22, 2004, he was 84 years of age. He is interred in Woodlawn Cemetery in The New York City.
His solos of the early and mid-1940s and his performances at the Jazz at the Philharmonic concert series influenced rhythm and blues and rock and roll saxophone style, but continue to be heard in jazz. His honking and screeching emphasized the higher registers of the tenor saxophone. Despite a superficial rawness, the style is still heard in skilled jazz players like Arnett Cobb, who became famous for playing "Flying Home" with Hampton, as well as Sonny Rollins, Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis and Jimmy Forrest. Jacquet pushed back against Jim Crow laws in Houston. After booking his band to play at the Rice Hotel, he protested against management's rule that African-Americans should enter the premises through an alley door, he issued an ultimatum: either allow his all-black orchestra to access the hotel through the main entrance or he would cancel the engagement. The Rice Hotel agreed to suspend the Jim Crow rule for Jacquet's band. After leaving Houston to tour the United States and several other countries, Jacquet contemplated the manner in which he would return: I love Houston, Texas....
This is. This is. I was just fed up with coming to Houston with a mixed cast on stage and playing to a segregated audience. I wanted Houston to see a hell of a concert, they should see it like they were in Carnegie Hall. I felt if I didn’t do anything about the segregation in my hometown, I would regret it; this was the time to do it. Segregation had to come to an end. Jazz producer Norman Granz, a social activist himself, made arrangements for the star-studded Philharmonic band to play an engagement at Houston's Music Hall on October 5, 1955. Jacquet played saxophone, accompanying Ella Fitzgerald, Dizzy Gillespie, Oscar Peterson, Buddy Rich. Granz and Jacquet collaborated to eliminate Jim Crow customs from the event. There were no advanced sales of tickets, while Granz removed all of the "white" and "black" signs which indicated segregated facilities within the venue and hired some off-duty Houston police officers for security; the band played before a non-segregated audience, though not free of trouble.
Despite Granz's precaution, five officers of the Houston Vice Squad stormed Ella Fitzgerald' dressing room with firearms drawn. Jacquet and Gillespie
Buck & Buddy
Buck & Buddy is an album by trumpeter Buck Clayton and saxophonist Buddy Tate, recorded in 1960 and released on the Swingville label. Scott Yanow of AllMusic states, "The melodic music swings and defines "mainstream" jazz. Worth picking up". All compositions by Buck Clayton except where noted "High Life" – 5:25 "When a Woman Loves a Man" – 5:34 "Thou Swell" – 5:14 "Can't We Be Friends?" – 4:03 "Birdland Betty" – 8:01 "Kansas City Nights" – 5:42 Buck Clayton – trumpet Buddy Tate – tenor saxophone Sir Charles Thompson – piano Gene Ramey – bass Mousie Alexander – drums
Springfield is a city in the U. S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Clark County. The municipality is located in southwestern Ohio and is situated on the Mad River, Buck Creek and Beaver Creek 45 miles west of Columbus and 25 miles northeast of Dayton. Springfield is home to a liberal arts college; as of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 60,608. The Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area had a population of 138,333 residents, and the Dayton-Springfield-Greenville, OH Combined Statistical Area had 1,072,891 residents. The Little Miami Scenic Trail, a paved rail-trail, 80 miles long, goes from the Buck Creek Scenic Trailhead in Springfield south to Newtown, is popular with hikers and cyclists. In 1983, Newsweek featured Springfield in its 50th-anniversary issue, entitled, "The American Dream." It chronicled the impact of the past 50 years on five local families. In 2004, Springfield was chosen as an "All-America City." In the 2010s, Springfield was one of the lowest-ranking cities in the state and nation for indicators such as health and well-being.
The villages of Peckuwe and Piqua were located near today's Springfield, Ohio, at 39° 54.5′ N, 83° 54.68′ W and 39° 54.501′ N, 83° 54.682′ W and were home to the Peckuwe and Kispoko Divisions of the Shawnee Tribe until the Battle of Piqua, August 8, 1780. The Piqua Sept of Ohio Shawnee Tribe has placed a traditional cedar pole in commemoration, located "on the southern edge of the George Rogers Clark Historical Park, in the lowlands in front of the park's'Hertzler House'."Springfield was founded by James Demint, a former teamster from Kentucky, in 1801. When Clark County was created from parts of Champaign and Greene counties, named for Springfield, Massachusetts—which, at the time, was important for hosting the U. S. Federal Springfield Armory. Springfield traces its early growth to the National Road, which ended in Springfield for 10 years as politicians wrangled over the path it would continue. Dayton and Eaton wanted the road to veer south after Springfield, but President Andrew Jackson made the final decision to have the road continue straight west to Richmond, Indiana.
During the mid-and-late 19th century, Springfield was dominated by industrialists including Oliver S. Kelly, Asa S. Bushnell, James Leffel, P. P. Mast and Benjamin H. Warder. Asa S. Bushnell built the Springfield, Ohio Bushnell Building where the patent attorney to the Wright Brothers, Harry Aubrey Toulmin, Sr. wrote the 1904 patent to cover the invention of the airplane. To promote the products of his agricultural equipment company, P. P. Mast started Fireside magazine. Mast’s publishing company – Mast and Kirkpatrick – grew to become Crowell-Collier Publishing Company best known for Collier's Weekly. In 1894, The Kelly Springfield Tire Company was founded. At the turn of the 20th century, Springfield became known as the "Home City." Several lodges including the Masonic Lodge, Knights of Pythias and Odd Fellows built homes for orphans and aged members of their order. Springfield became known as "The Champion City." A reference to the Champion Farm Equipment brand manufactured by the Warder, Bushnell & Glessner Company, absorbed into International Harvester in 1902.
International remains in Springfield as Navistar International, a producer of medium to large trucks. In 1902 A. B. Graham the superintendent of schools for Springfield Township in Clark County, established a "Boys' and Girls' Agricultural Club." 85 children from 10 to 15 years of age attended the first meeting on January 15, 1902, in Springfield, Ohio, in the basement of the Clark County Courthouse. This was the start of what would be called the "4-H Club" within a few years growing to a nationwide organization.. The first "projects" included food preservation and elementary agriculture. Today, the Courthouse still bears a large 4H symbol under the flag pole at the front of the building to commemorate its part in founding the organization; the Clark County Fair is the second largest fair in the state in large part to 4H remaining popular in the area. On March 7, 1904, over a thousand residents formed a lynch mob, stormed the jail and removed prisoner Richard Dixon, a black man accused of murdering police officer Charles B.
Collis. Richard Dixon was shot to death and hung from a pole on the corner of Fountain and Main Street, where the mob continued to shoot his lifeless body; the mob proceeded to burn much of the black area of town. In February 1906, another mob formed and again burned the black section of town known as "the levee". Sixty years Springfield was the first city in Ohio to have a black mayor, Robert Henry. From 1916 to 1926, 10 automobile companies operated in Springfield. Among them: The Bramwell, Foos, Frayer-Miller, Kelly Steam, Russell-Springfield, Westcott; the Westcott, known as the car built to last, was a six-cylinder four-door sedan manufactured by Burton J. Westcott of the Westcott Motor Car Company. Burton and Orpha Westcott however, are better known for having contracted the world-renowned architect Frank Lloyd Wright to design their home in 1908 at 1340 East High Street; the Westcott House, a sprawling two-story stucco and concrete house has all the features of Wright's prairie style including horizontal lines, low-pitched roof, broad eaves.
It is the only Frank Lloyd Wright prairie style house in the state of
Tokyo Tokyo Metropolis, one of the 47 prefectures of Japan, has served as the Japanese capital since 1869. As of 2018, the Greater Tokyo Area ranked as the most populous metropolitan area in the world; the urban area houses the seat of the Emperor of Japan, of the Japanese government and of the National Diet. Tokyo forms part of the Kantō region on the southeastern side of Japan's main island and includes the Izu Islands and Ogasawara Islands. Tokyo was named Edo when Shōgun Tokugawa Ieyasu made the city his headquarters in 1603, it became the capital after Emperor Meiji moved his seat to the city from Kyoto in 1868. Tokyo Metropolis formed in 1943 from the merger of the former Tokyo Prefecture and the city of Tokyo. Tokyo is referred to as a city but is known and governed as a "metropolitan prefecture", which differs from and combines elements of a city and a prefecture, a characteristic unique to Tokyo; the 23 Special Wards of Tokyo were Tokyo City. On July 1, 1943, it merged with Tokyo Prefecture and became Tokyo Metropolis with an additional 26 municipalities in the western part of the prefecture, the Izu islands and Ogasawara islands south of Tokyo.
The population of the special wards is over 9 million people, with the total population of Tokyo Metropolis exceeding 13.8 million. The prefecture is part of the world's most populous metropolitan area called the Greater Tokyo Area with over 38 million people and the world's largest urban agglomeration economy; as of 2011, Tokyo hosted 51 of the Fortune Global 500 companies, the highest number of any city in the world at that time. Tokyo ranked third in the International Financial Centres Development Index; the city is home to various television networks such as Fuji TV, Tokyo MX, TV Tokyo, TV Asahi, Nippon Television, NHK and the Tokyo Broadcasting System. Tokyo third in the Global Cities Index; the GaWC's 2018 inventory classified Tokyo as an alpha+ world city – and as of 2014 TripAdvisor's World City Survey ranked Tokyo first in its "Best overall experience" category. As of 2018 Tokyo ranked as the 2nd-most expensive city for expatriates, according to the Mercer consulting firm, and the world's 11th-most expensive city according to the Economist Intelligence Unit's cost-of-living survey.
In 2015, Tokyo was named the Most Liveable City in the world by the magazine Monocle. The Michelin Guide has awarded Tokyo by far the most Michelin stars of any city in the world. Tokyo was ranked first out of all sixty cities in the 2017 Safe Cities Index; the QS Best Student Cities ranked Tokyo as the 3rd-best city in the world to be a university student in 2016 and 2nd in 2018. Tokyo hosted the 1964 Summer Olympics, the 1979 G-7 summit, the 1986 G-7 summit, the 1993 G-7 summit, will host the 2019 Rugby World Cup, the 2020 Summer Olympics and the 2020 Summer Paralympics. Tokyo was known as Edo, which means "estuary", its name was changed to Tokyo when it became the imperial capital with the arrival of Emperor Meiji in 1868, in line with the East Asian tradition of including the word capital in the name of the capital city. During the early Meiji period, the city was called "Tōkei", an alternative pronunciation for the same characters representing "Tokyo", making it a kanji homograph; some surviving official English documents use the spelling "Tokei".
The name Tokyo was first suggested in 1813 in the book Kondō Hisaku, written by Satō Nobuhiro. When Ōkubo Toshimichi proposed the renaming to the government during the Meiji Restoration, according to Oda Kanshi, he got the idea from that book. Tokyo was a small fishing village named Edo, in what was part of the old Musashi Province. Edo was first fortified in the late twelfth century. In 1457, Ōta Dōkan built Edo Castle. In 1590, Tokugawa Ieyasu was transferred from Mikawa Province to Kantō region; when he became shōgun in 1603, Edo became the center of his ruling. During the subsequent Edo period, Edo grew into one of the largest cities in the world with a population topping one million by the 18th century, but Edo was Tokugawa's home and was not capital of Japan. The Emperor himself lived in Kyoto from 794 to 1868 as capital of Japan. During the Edo era, the city enjoyed a prolonged period of peace known as the Pax Tokugawa, in the presence of such peace, Edo adopted a stringent policy of seclusion, which helped to perpetuate the lack of any serious military threat to the city.
The absence of war-inflicted devastation allowed Edo to devote the majority of its resources to rebuilding in the wake of the consistent fires and other devastating natural disasters that plagued the city. However, this prolonged period of seclusion came to an end with the arrival of American Commodore Matthew C. Perry in 1853. Commodore Perry forced the opening of the ports of Shimoda and Hakodate, leading to an increase in the demand for new foreign goods and subsequently a severe rise in inflation. Social unrest mounted in the wake of these higher prices and culminated in widespread rebellions and demonstrations in the form of the "smashing" of rice establishments. Meanwhile, supporters of the Meiji Emperor leveraged the disruption that t
Howard McGhee was one of the first bebop jazz trumpeters, with Dizzy Gillespie, Fats Navarro and Idrees Sulieman. He was known for his fast fingers and high notes. What is not known is the influence that he had on younger hard bop trumpeters, with Fats Navarro. Howard McGhee was raised in Michigan. During his career, he played in bands led by Lionel Hampton, Andy Kirk, Count Basie and Charlie Barnet, he was in a club listening to the radio when he first heard Parker and was one of the early adopters of the new style, a fact, disapproved by older musicians like Kid Ory. In 1946–47, some record sessions for the new label Dial were organized at Hollywood with Charlie Parker and the Howard McGhee combo; the first was held on July 29, 1946. The musicians were Charlie Parker, Howard McGhee, Jimmy Bunn, Bob Kesterson, Roy Porter. With Parker close to a nervous breakdown, he played "Max is Making Wax", "Lover Man", "The Gypsy". McGhee continued to work as a sideman for Parker, he played on titles like "Relaxin' at Camarillo", "Cheers", "Carvin the Bird" and "Stupendous".
Around this time, McGhee "was a central figure in the Los Angeles bebop world, taking part in numerous concerts and running a night club for a time". His stay in California was cut short because of racial prejudice vicious towards McGhee as half of a mixed-race couple. Drug problems sidelined McGhee for much of the 1950s, but he resurfaced in the 1960s, appearing in many George Wein productions, his career sputtered again in the mid-1960s and he did not record again until 1976. He led one of three big jazz bands trying to succeed in New York in the late 1960s. While the band did not survive, a recording was released in the mid-1970s, he taught music through the 1970s, both in classrooms and at his apartment in midtown Manhattan and instructed musicians like Charlie Rouse in music theory. He was as much an accomplished composer-arranger. McGhee died on July 17, 1987 at the age of 69, a memorial service was held for him on July 24, 1987 1946–7 Trumpet at Tempo released 1996 1948 Howard McGhee and Milt Jackson 1950 Howard McGhee, Vol. 1 1951 Night Music 1952 South Pacific Jazz 1952 The McGhee-Navarro Sextet with Fats Navarro 1952 Jazz Goes to the Battlefront Vol. 1 1952 Jazz Goes to the Battlefront Vol. 2 1953 Howard McGhee Vol. 2 1955 The Return of Howard McGhee 1955 That Bop Thing 1956 Life Is Just a Bowl of Cherries 1960 Music from the Connection 1961 Dusty Blue 1961 Together Again!!!! with Teddy Edwards 1961 Maggie's Back in Town!!
1961 Shades of Blue 1961 The Sharp Edge 1962 Nobody Knows You When You're Down and Out 1962 House Warmin'! 1966 Cookin' Time 1976 Here Comes Freddie with Illinois Jacquet 1976 Just Be There with Horace Parlan, Kenny Clarke 1978 Live at Emerson's 1977 Jazz Brothers 1979 Home Run with Benny Bailey 1979 Young at Heart with Teddy Edwards 1979 Wise in Time with Teddy Edwards With Johnny Hartman Songs from the Heart All of Me: The Debonair Mr. Hartman With Tubby Hayes 1957 Changing the Jazz at Buckingham Palace, Tubby Hayes/Dizzy Reece 1957 The Swinging Giant Vol. 2With Coleman Hawkins Disorder at the Border Rainbow Mist With Chubby Jackson 1950 Chubby Jackson All Star Big Band 1969 Chubby Jackson Sextet and Big BandWith James Moody 1959 Hey! It's James Moody 1961 Cookin' the Blues With André Previn 1946 André Previn All-Stars 1975 Previn at SunsetWith Mel Tormé 1956 George Gershwin's Porgy and Bess, Frances Faye/Mel Tormé 1957 At the Crescendo 1957 Songs for Any TasteWith others 1956 Way Out Wardell, Wardell Gray 1960 Griff and Lock, Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis / Johnny Griffin 1960 The Music from "The Connection" Freddie Redd 1962 Deep Roots, Lorez Alexandria 1962 Good Old Zoot, Zoot Sims 1962 Johnny Hodges with Billy Strayhorn and the Orchestra, Johnny Hodges 1962 The Gerry Mulligan Quartet, Gerry Mulligan 1963 At Newport'63, Joe Williams 1965 The Jazz Singer, Eddie Jefferson 1965 Charlie Parker 10th Memorial Concert 3/27/65, Charlie Parker 1967 Autumn in New York, Sonny Stitt 1968 Boppin' & Burnin', Don Patterson 1990 California Boppin' 1947, Sonny Criss 1991 Trio and Orchestra, Slim Gaillard 1993 1940–1942, Andy Kirk & His Clouds of Joy 1994 Red Top, Gene Ammons 1994 Jazz at the Philharmonic, Billie Holiday 1995 Early Quintets, Phil Woods 1996 First Herd, Woody Herman 1996 1944–1945, Wynonie Harris DeVeaux, Scott.
The birth of bebop: a social and musical history. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 9780520216655. Allmusic Discography
My Hour of Need
My Hour of Need is an album by jazz vocalist Dodo Greene featuring performances accompanied by the Ike Quebec Quintet recorded in 1962 and released on the Blue Note label. The 1996 Connoisseur Series limited edition CD reissue features another six unissued tracks recorded at sessions for a proposed follow-up album; the Allmusic review by Scott Yanow stated: "This set was a unusual release for Blue Note. Greene's mixture of R&B and soulful blues in a voice reminiscent of late-period Dinah Washington is much more pop and blues-oriented than the music on any other Blue Note release from the period.... In reality, the main reason to acquire the relaxed set is for the warm tenor of Ike Quebec and the occasional guitar of Grant Green. A true obscurity". "My Hour of Need" – 4:54 "Trouble in Mind" – 4:45 "You Are My Sunshine" – 3:00 "I'll Never Stop Loving You" – 4:01 "I Won't Cry Anymore" – 3:45 "Lonesome Road" – 4:13 "Let There Be Love" – 3:28 "There Must Be a Way" – 3:29 "Down by the Riverside" – 4:06 "Little Things Mean a Lot" – 4:06Bonus tracks on 1996 CD reissue: "You Don't Know Me" – 2:44 "Not One Tear" – 3:03 "I Hear" – 3:37 "Time After Time" – 3:32 "Everybody's Happy But Me" – 3:10 "Jazz in My Soul" – 2:38Recorded at Van Gelder Studio on April 2, 1962, April 17, 1962, September 24, 1962 and November 2, 1962 Dodo Greene – vocals Ike Quebec – tenor saxophone Grant Green – guitar Eddie Chamblee – tenor saxophone Edwin Swanston, Sir Charles Thompson – organ John Acea – piano Milt Hinton, Herbie Lewis, Wendell Marshall – bass Jual Curtis, Al Harewood, Billy Higgins – drums