Michael Dickinson (artist)
Michael Dickinson is an English artist known for his work in Turkey, who works with political and satirical collages. In 2008, he was acquitted, he is a member of the international art movement Stuckism. Michael Dickinson was born in Durham and spent most of his early years in Kuwait, where his father was an employee of the Kuwait Oil Company and where he attended the Anglo-American School, he attended Fyling Hall school in Yorkshire. He works as an English teacher in Istanbul, he is the founder of the Istanbul branch of the Stuckist art movement, a writer and actor. In May 2005, Dickinson's web site, "The Carnival of Chaos", was blanked and he was informed by the host Tripod, "You are no longer an authorized member of Tripod. You have been removed because your web site violated our Terms of Service." This occurred after he had posted a collage, Tyrant's Pants, showing President Bush in his underpants with a cruise missile coming out of his rear and a swastika on his right buttock. The collage was a response to a photo which had appeared with the headline "Tyrant's in his pants" on the front page of the British tabloid newspaper The Sun, showing captive Saddam Hussein in underpants.
In June 2006, Istanbul police removed one of Dickinson's collages from a show in the city organised by the Global Peace and Justice Coalition. Dickinson states; the collage showed the Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdoğan as a dog being presented with a rosette by President Bush in a pet show. He was informed by Turkish authorities that he would be prosecuted for "insulting the Prime Minister's dignity"; the Times said: "The case could embarrass Turkey and Britain, for it raises questions about Turkey’s human rights record as it seeks EU membership, with Tony Blair’s backing." Charles Thomson, co-founder of the Stuckist movement, wrote to British Prime Minister Tony Blair asking for his intervention: "It is intolerable that a country applying for EU membership should censor freedom of political comment in this way. I trust you will communicate your strongest condemnation and ask for this case to be abandoned immediately. I ask for your assurance that you will oppose Turkish EU membership in the strongest terms, until Turkey adopts the attitudes of the civilised world towards human rights."
Dickinson said: "It’s such an Alice in Wonderland feeling. The law is so absurd... This law exists in Turkey about the State. You’re not allowed to state your opinion."In September 2006, Dickinson attended the trial of Erkan Kara, organiser of the Global Peace and Justice Coalition show, charged with insulting behaviour for exhibiting Dickinson's work. The prosecutor described Dickinson as "ill-intentioned", but declined to bring a case because of "lack of evidence". Hasan Gungor of the Istanbul-based group, Initiative for Freedom of Speech, attributed this to fear of international news, when the European Union has concerns over freedom of speech in Turkey. Members of Global Peace and Justic Coalition remonstrated with Dickinson for distracting attention from their anti-Iraq War cause, he held up another collage showing Erdogan as a dog with a lead of the stars and stripes, he was held for ten days, three in prison and seven in the Detention Centre for Foreigners. During his transfer between facilities, he attempted to escape, but was shot at by a policeman, who recaptured him.
In July 2007, Dickinson's collages were displayed at the A Gallery, London, in the Stuckist show I Won't Have Sex with You as long as We're Married. On 25 September 2008, he was acquitted of any crime, the judge ruling that although there were "some insulting elements" in his collage, it fell "within the limits of criticism"; the case has favourable implications for Turkey's relationship with the European Union, which had called for an improvement of its human rights record. Dickinson said, "I am lucky to be acquitted. There are still artists in Turkey facing prosecution and being sentenced for their opinions."In June 2009, Dickinson fled Turkey for his native country, after learning that his acquittal had been overturned. Unable to find work, he returned to Istanbul soon after. In January 2010, a Turkish court convicted Dickinson of mocking the Turkish prime minister and levied a fine. Refusing to pay the fine as a matter of principle, Dickinson faces up to two years in prison, his final sentencing will occur at a trial on 9 March 2010.
Dickinson's application for a residence permit was refused due to his 2010 conviction, but he remained in the country after the expiry of his tourist visa. He was arrested in October 2013 for shouting Gezi Park-related slogans at police, detained after his expired visa was discovered, he was deported after some days, choosing to go to Barcelona rather than his native Britain. Article 301 Censorship in Turkey Human rights in Turkey Human rights in Europe International Freedom of Expression Exchange List of prosecuted Turkish writers Culture of Turkey Stuckism Stuckist demonstrations Böhmermann affair Michael Dickinson official web site Michael Dickinson on Stuckism web site interview with Michael Dickinson in MungBeing Magazine Michael Dickinson writes on Turkey "dog case" Video interview with Dickinson
Billy Childish is an English painter, poet, film maker and guitarist. Since the late 1970s, Childish has been prolific in creating music and visual art, he has led and played in bands including the Pop Rivets, Thee Milkshakes, Thee Headcoats, the Musicians of the British Empire working in the genres of garage rock and surf and releasing more than 100 albums. He is a consistent advocate for free emotional expression. Childish co-founded the Stuckism art movement with Charles Thomson in 1999, which he left in 2001. Since a new evaluation of Childish's standing in the art world has been under way, culminating with the publication of a critical study of Childish's working practice by the artist and writer Neal Brown, with an introduction by Peter Doig, which describes Childish as "one of the most outstanding, misunderstood, figures on the British art scene", he is a visiting lecturer at Rochester Independent College. In July 2014 Childish was awarded an honorary Doctor of Arts Degree from the University of Kent.
He is known for his explicit and prolific work – he has detailed his love life and childhood sexual abuse, notably in his early poetry and the novels My Fault, Notebooks of a Naked Youth, Sex Crimes of the Futcher – The Idiocy of Idears, in several of his songs, notably in the instrumental "Paedophile" and "Every Bit of Me". From 1981 until 1985 Childish had a relationship with artist Tracey Emin. Thirty years after Childish's first musical releases with Thee Milkshakes and Thee Mighty Caesars, a crop of lo-fi, surf rock and punk groups with psychedelic subtexts has surfaced referencing the aesthetic established by Childish in both their band names and in various aspects of their sonic aesthetic: Thee Oh Sees, Thee Open Sex, Thee Tsunamis, Thee Dang Dangs and many others. Billy Childish was born and works in Chatham, England, he has described his father, John Hamper, as a "complex, sociopathic narcissist": Hamper was jailed during Childish's teenage years for drug smuggling. Although he had an early and close association with many of the artists who became known as "YBA" artists he has resolutely asserted his independent status.
He was sexually abused when he was aged nine by a male family friend: "We were on holiday. I had to share a bed with him, it happened for several nights I refused to go near him. I didn't tell anyone", he left secondary school at an undiagnosed dyslexic. Refused an interview at the local art college, he entered Chatham Dockyard, Kent, as an apprentice stonemason. During the next six months, he produced some 600 drawings in "the tea huts of hell". On the basis of this work he was accepted into Saint Martin's School of Art, where he was friends with the artist Peter Doig, to study painting. However, his acceptance was short-lived and he was expelled in 1982 before completing the course, he lived on the dole for 15 years. In 2006 Childish turned down the offer to appear on Channel 4's Celebrity Big Brother. Childish has practised meditation since the early 1990s; as a prospective student lacking the necessary entry qualifications, Childish was accepted into art school four times on the strength of his paintings and drawings.
He did a foundation year at Medway College of Design in 1977-78, was accepted onto the painting department of Saint Martin's School of Art in 1978, before quitting a month later. He was re-accepted at St Martins in 1980, but was expelled in 1982 for refusing to paint in the art school and other unruly behaviour. At Saint Martin's, Childish became friends with Peter Doig with whom he shared an appreciation of Munch, Van Gogh and blues music. Doig co-curated Childish's first London show at the Cubit Street Gallery. In the early/mid 1980s Childish was a "major influence" on the artist Tracey Emin, whom he met after his expulsion from Saint Martin's when she was a fashion student at Medway College of Design. Childish has been cited as the influence for Emin's confessional art. Childish has exhibited extensively since the 1980s and was featured in the British Art Show in 2000. In 2010 a major exhibition of Childish's paintings and music was held at The ICA London, with a concurrent painting show running at White Columns Gallery in NY.
Childish is represented by neugerriemschneider Berlin, Lehmann Maupin, NY, Carl Freedman, London and L-13 Light Industrial Workshop, London. In October 2012 alongside Art Below Childish presented his work at the exhibition'Art Below Regents Park' in Regent's Park Tube station to coincide with Frieze Art Fair, one of the most important international contemporary art fairs that takes place each October in London. In 2008 Childish formed the "non organisation" The British Art Resistance, held an exhibition under the title Hero of The British Art Resistance at The Aquarium L-13 gallery in London: A collection of paintings, records, poems, letters, photographs made in 2008. Childish made records of punk, garage and roll, folk, classical/experimental, spoken word and nursery rhymes. In a letter to Childish, the musician Ivor Cutler said of Childish: "You are too subtle and sophisticated for the mass market." Childish's groups include TV21 known as the Pop Rivets, sometimes spelled the Pop Rivits, with Bruce Brand, Romas Foord and Russell'Little Russ' Lax.
He formed a garage rock inspired band called Thee Milkshakes with Mickey Hampshire, Thee Mighty Caesars (1985
Douglas Noel Adams was an English author, essayist, humorist and dramatist. Adams was author of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, which originated in 1978 as a BBC radio comedy before developing into a "trilogy" of five books that sold more than 15 million copies in his lifetime and generated a television series, several stage plays, comics, a computer game, in 2005 a feature film. Adams's contribution to UK radio is commemorated in The Radio Academy's Hall of Fame. Adams wrote Dirk Gently's Holistic Detective Agency and The Long Dark Tea-Time of the Soul, co-wrote The Meaning of Liff, The Deeper Meaning of Liff, Last Chance to See, three stories for the television series Doctor Who. A posthumous collection of his works, including an unfinished novel, was published as The Salmon of Doubt in 2002. Adams was an advocate for environmentalism and conservation, a lover of fast cars, technological innovation and the Apple Macintosh, a self-proclaimed radical atheist. Adams was born on 11 March 1952 to Christopher Douglas Adams in Cambridge.
The family moved to the East End of London a few months after his birth, where his sister, was born three years later. His parents divorced in 1957. Adams attended Primrose Hill Primary School in Brentwood. At nine, he passed the entrance exam for Brentwood School, he attended the prep school from 1959 to 1964 the main school until December 1970. Adams was stopped growing at 6 feet 5 inches, his form master, Frank Halford, said Adams's height had made him stand out and that he had been self-conscious about it. His ability to write stories made, he became the only student to be awarded a ten out of ten by Halford for creative writing, something he remembered for the rest of his life when facing writer's block. Some of his earliest writing was published at the school, such as a report on its photography club in The Brentwoodian in 1962, or spoof reviews in the school magazine Broadsheet, edited by Paul Neil Milne Johnstone, who became a character in The Hitchhiker's Guide, he designed the cover of one issue of the Broadsheet, had a letter and short story published in The Eagle, the boys' comic, in 1965.
A poem entitled "A Dissertation on the task of writing a poem on a candle and an account of some of the difficulties thereto pertaining" written by Adams in January 1970, at the age of 17, was discovered in a cupboard at the school in early 2014. On the strength of an essay on religious poetry that discussed the Beatles and William Blake, he was awarded an Exhibition in English at St John's College, going up in 1971, he wanted to join the Footlights, an invitation-only student comedy club that has acted as a hothouse for comic talent. He was not elected as he had hoped, started to write and perform in revues with Will Adams and Martin Smith, forming a group called "Adams-Smith-Adams", became a member of the Footlights by 1973. Despite doing little work—he recalled having completed three essays in three years—he graduated in 1974 with a B. A. in English literature. After leaving university Adams moved back to London, determined to break into TV and radio as a writer. An edited version of the Footlights Revue appeared on BBC2 television in 1974.
A version of the Revue performed live in London's West End led to Adams being discovered by Monty Python's Graham Chapman. The two formed a brief writing partnership, earning Adams a writing credit in episode 45 of Monty Python for a sketch called "Patient Abuse"; the pair co-wrote the "Marilyn Monroe" sketch which appeared on the soundtrack album of Monty Python and the Holy Grail. Adams is one of only two people. Adams had two brief appearances in the fourth series of Monty Python's Flying Circus. At the beginning of episode 42, "The Light Entertainment War", Adams is in a surgeon's mask, pulling on gloves, while Michael Palin narrates a sketch that introduces one person after another but never gets started. At the beginning of episode 44, "Mr. Neutron", Adams is dressed in a pepper-pot outfit and loads a missile onto a cart driven by Terry Jones, calling for scrap metal; the two episodes were broadcast in November 1974. Adams and Chapman attempted non-Python projects, including Out of the Trees.
At this point Adams's career stalled. To make ends meet he took a series of odd jobs, including as a hospital porter, barn builder, chicken shed cleaner, he was employed as a bodyguard by a Qatari family. During this time Adams continued to submit sketches, though few were accepted. In 1976 his career had a brief improvement when he wrote and performed Unpleasantness at Brodie's Close at the Edinburgh Fringe festival. By Christmas, work had dried up again, a depressed Adams moved to live with his mother; the lack of writing work hit him hard and low confidence became a feature of Adams's life. You can't fix the weather – you just have to get on with it"; some of Adams's early radio work included sketches for The Burkiss Way in 1977 and The News Huddlines. He
Tate is an institution that houses, in a network of four art museums, the United Kingdom's national collection of British art, international modern and contemporary art. It is not a government institution, but its main sponsor is the UK Department for Digital, Culture and Sport; the name "Tate" is used as the operating name for the corporate body, established by the Museums and Galleries Act 1992 as "The Board of Trustees of the Tate Gallery". The gallery was founded as the National Gallery of British Art; when its role was changed to include the national collection of modern art as well as the national collection of British art, in 1932, it was renamed the Tate Gallery after sugar magnate Henry Tate of Tate & Lyle, who had laid the foundations for the collection. The Tate Gallery was housed in the current building occupied by Tate Britain, situated in Millbank, London. In 2000, the Tate Gallery transformed itself into the current-day Tate, which consists of a network of four museums: Tate Britain, which displays the collection of British art from 1500 to the present day.
All four museums share the Tate Collection. One of the Tate's most publicised art events is the awarding of the annual Turner Prize, which takes place at Tate Britain; the original Tate was called the National Gallery of British Art, situated on Millbank, London at the site of the former Millbank Prison. The idea of a National Gallery of British Art was first proposed in the 1820s by Sir John Leicester, Baron de Tabley, it took a step nearer when Robert Vernon gave his collection to the National Gallery in 1847. A decade John Sheepshanks gave his collection to the South Kensington Museum, known for years as the National Gallery of Art. Forty years Sir Henry Tate, a sugar magnate and a major collector of Victorian art, offered to fund the building of the gallery to house British Art on the condition that the State pay for the site and revenue costs. Henry Tate donated his own collection to the gallery, it was a collection of modern British art, concentrating on the works of modern—that is Victorian era—painters.
It was controlled by the National Gallery until 1954. In 1915, Sir Hugh Lane bequeathed his collection of European modern art to Dublin, but controversially this went to the Tate, which expanded its collection to include foreign art and continued to acquire contemporary art. In 1926 and 1937, the art dealer and patron Joseph Duveen paid for two major expansions of the gallery building, his father had earlier paid for an extension to house the major part of the Turner Bequest, which in 1987 was transferred to a wing paid for by Sir Charles Clore. Henry Courtauld endowed Tate with a purchase fund. By the mid 20th century, it was fulfilling a dual function of showing the history of British art as well as international modern art. In 1954, the Tate Gallery was separated from the National Gallery. During the 1950s and 1960s, the visual arts department of the Arts Council of Great Britain funded and organised temporary exhibitions at the Tate Gallery including, in 1966, a retrospective of Marcel Duchamp.
The Tate began organising its own temporary exhibition programme. In 1979 with funding from a Japanese bank a large modern extension was opened that would house larger income generating exhibitions. In 1987, the Clore Wing opened to house the major part of the Turner bequest and provided a 200-seat auditorium. In 1988, an outpost in north west England opened as Tate Liverpool; this shows various works of modern art from the Tate collection as well as mounting its own temporary exhibitions. In 2007, Tate Liverpool hosted the first time this has been held outside London; this was an overture to Liverpool's being the European Capital of Culture 2008. In 1993, another offshoot opened, Tate St Ives, it exhibits work by modern British artists those of the St Ives School. Additionally the Tate manages the Barbara Hepworth Museum and Sculpture Garden, which opened in 1980. Neither of these two new Tates had a significant effect on the functioning of the original London Tate Gallery, whose size was proving a constraint as the collection grew.
It was a logical step to separate the "British" and "Modern" aspects of the collection, they are now housed in separate buildings in London. The original gallery is now called Tate Britain and is the national gallery for British art from 1500 to the present day, as well as some modern British art. Tate Modern, in Bankside Power Station on the south side of the Thames, opened in 2000 and now exhibits the national collection of modern art from 1900 to the present day, including some modern British art. In its first year, the Tate Modern was the most popular museum in the world, with 5,250,000 visitors. In the late 2000s, the Tate announced a new development project to the south of the existing building. According to the museum this new development would "transform Tate Modern. An iconic new building will be added at the south of the existing gallery, it will create more spaces for displaying the collection and installation art and learning, all allowing visitors to engage more with art, as well as creating more social spaces for visitors to unwind and
Stuckism International Gallery
The Stuckism International Gallery was the gallery of the Stuckist art movement. It was open from 2002 to 2005 in Shoreditch, was run by Charles Thomson, the co-founder of Stuckism, it was launched by a procession carrying a coffin marked "The death of conceptual art" to the neighbouring White Cube gallery. The gallery staged group and solo shows of Stuckist paintings, displayed a preserved shark as a challenge to Damien Hirst and Charles Saatchi; the premises were taken over by La Viande gallery, which shut in 2008. Charles Thomson had intended to buy a Shoreditch warehouse building with his then-wife, Stella Vine, after the arrangements had been made, she withdrew from the project, he subsequently made the purchase on his own. The Stuckism International Gallery opened July 2002 at 3 Charlotte Road, Shoreditch, in a four-story Victorian warehouse, 70 yards away from the White Cube gallery, which represents Tracey Emin and Damien Hirst, conceptual art which the Stuckists oppose. Thomson lived on the premises, using the ground basement for a studio.
He said: The space was designed to fulfill the belief stated in our manifesto that the best space for art is not a white wall gallery but the more human space of a home. The main space was my living room, it had sofas and normal home lighting, not gallery spotlights, which create a separation between the art and the viewer. People could come in, sit down, maybe have a cup of tea and experience the art as part of their environment, if they wanted to; the upstairs walls were either brick or painted maroon, the downstairs a deep green. It was a small oasis in the greyness of the outside environment... Stephen Howarth was a member of the Students for Stuckism group at Camberwell College of Arts and in 2002 was "expelled from the painting course for doing paintings." He was given a show, before the official opening of the gallery, with the title I Don't Want a Painting Degree if it Means Not Painting. To celebrate the opening of the gallery, the Stuckists carried a cardboard coffin round to the nearby White Cube gallery to announce "The Death of Conceptual Art".
This event launched the first formal group show at the gallery, The First Stuckist International. The show had Stuckist art from around the world including Melbourne and the Ivory Coast, it ran till October 2002, reinforcing the Stuckist manifesto endorsement of content and communication through painting as the most viable contemporary form of art. David Prudames of 24 Hour Museum reviewed the show, "This exhibition of Stuckist work from around the world at a purpose built gallery lays the movement's foundations and states it is here to stay." Arty magazine edited by Cathy Lomax of Transition Gallery said, "Work presented here is always a wonder to behold... The best painted space in town—the coloured walls are themselves better than some galleries' shows... Art with attitude, whatever style you happen to enjoy, and there are more styles here than you'd be led to believe." However, Sarah Kent stated in Time Out, "it will prove their undoing. These vociferous opportunists are revealed to be a bunch of Bayswater Road-style daubers without an original idea between them."In October 2002 the Gallery displayed a betting slip by Sean Hall.
This was a bet that "Charles Saatchi, the renowned contemporary art collector, will purchase the original of this betting slip for pounds 1,000 or more on or before 31 December 2005."In December 2002 the gallery staged The Real Turner Prize Show to protest that the Tate's Turner Prize should be for paintings. The four artists shown at the gallery—Ella Guru, Mandy McCartin, Paul Harvey and Charles Williams—shared the Stuckist prize. On 17 April 2003, when the Saatchi Gallery opened in new premises at County Hall with a display of Damien Hirst's work, including The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living, the Stuckism gallery displayed a stuffed shark in their window; this 148 kg golden hammerhead shark had been caught off Florida in 1989, two years before Hirst's work was made, by Eddie Saunders, who displayed it in his Shoreditch shop, JD Electrical Supplies. Thomson asked: If Hirst’s shark is recognised as great art how come Eddie’s, on exhibition for two years beforehand, isn’t?
"Do we have here an undiscovered artist of genius, who got there first, or is it that a dead shark isn’t art at all? Not only did Eddie catch it himself — unlike Hirst — but it is in better condition. We can’t see why Hirst’s shark was made so much fuss of when Eddie’s has been in a public London venue all this time. A lot of people admired it in his shop, but I doubt that anyone considered it a work of artistic genius; the Stuckists suggested. In September 2003, the gallery collaborated with the Prince of Wales in hosting a charity show and auction with paintings including ones by Judi Dench, Jerry Hall and, said Thomson, "a painting from the BritArt artist Gavin Turk, somebody we would attack." The next month, the gallery's scheduled show, The Real Turner Prize Show, was cancelled because of a dispute with Gina Bold, one of the artists, over how it should be promoted. In February 2004, the gallery exterior was turned into a 1960s and 1970s sex shop frontage as a set for the BBC2 gangster drama, The Long Firm.
In May 2004, Mounsi was presented with the inaugural 3AM Good Sex Prize at the gallery for his book, The Demented Dance, after an event which included readings by Tony White and Colin MacCabe. That month, Charles Saatchi and his wife, Nigella Lawson arrived in a black cab to visit the gallery, but failed to gain admission, as Thomson was upstairs drinking
The Arts Lab was an alternative arts centre, founded in 1967 by Jim Haynes at 182 Drury Lane, London. Although only active for two years, it was influential in inspiring many similar centres in the UK, continental Europe and Australia, including the expanded Institute of Contemporary Arts in London, the Milky Way/Melkweg in Amsterdam, the Entrepôt in Paris and the Yellow House Artist Collective founded by Martin Sharp in Sydney; the Lab contained a ` soft floor' cinema in the basement run by David Curtis. In the entrance there was a gallery space co-curated by Pamela Zoline. In a separate warehouse was the theatre, designed by Jack Henry Moore, who co-directed the activities there. Both the cinema and theatre were constructed by David Jeffrey, whose partner, Philippa James, was involved in the Lab's day-to-day running. Upstairs, the space in front housed a film workshop put together by Malcolm Le Grice and students from St. Martin's School of Art and the London School of Film Technique, subsequently a restaurant run by Susan Miles.
Haynes lived in the back above dressing rooms. A number of other people lived in various corners of the building, the all-night cinema was seen as a cheap crash-pad; such amenities made it perfect for live events and "happenings" and helped establish it as the quintessential drop-in/drop-out centre of the London counterculture. One of the most significant features of the Arts Lab was that it encouraged similar establishments to create other independent centres, many of which outlived Haynes' original, which closed in the autumn of 1969. On 18 December 1968 the Alchemical Wedding benefit for the Arts Lab and BIT alternative information centre took place at the Royal Albert Hall, following it, on 25–26 January 1969, the Arts Lab Conference in Cambridge emphasized the strength of the Arts Lab movement, listing 50 such centres across the whole country, including the Birmingham Arts Lab, Brighton Combination and centres in Exeter, Guildford, Loughborough, Southampton and Swindon. Yoko Ono and John Lennon's first joint artwork "Build Around" was exhibited at the Drury Lane Arts Lab in May 1968.
David Bowie, who used to rehearse at the Drury Lane Arts Lab, co-founded a Beckenham Arts Lab, which organised a one-day free festival, but was disillusioned by the lack of interest of other performers/artists taking an active role in the continuation of the centre. Dave Cousins of The Strawbs organized the Hounslow Arts Lab; the Havering Arts Lab run by future Stuckism founder Charles Thomson aged 16, resulted in the headline "Sex Orgy Tale—Group Banned" in the local newspaper. The Bath Arts Workshop, founded in 1969 by ex Drury Lane workers continues to this day as parent body for the Natural Theatre Company; the Worthing Workshop, an Arts Lab formed in 1968, included Leo Sayer, Brian James of The Damned, Billy Idol and Steamhammer, whose guitarist, Martin Quittenton, went on to co-write Rod Stewart's UK number one hits "You Wear It Well" and "Maggie May". Alan Moore, writer of comic books including Watchmen, V for Vendetta, regarded as "one of the most important British writers of the last fifty years". was involved with many activities, including poetry, in the Northampton Arts Lab.
An Arts Lab Newsletter was produced by Nicholas Albery of BIT in 1968 and updated in various editions of Bitman in years. In London, a New Arts Lab was founded by a breakaway group of original members and others, including the London Film-Makers' Co-op. Housed in a short-life factory building in Robert Street, London NW1, it contained a cinema run by David Curtis and gallery spaces, the London Film Makers' Co-op workshop, John Hopkins' TVX and a printing workshop run by John Collins; the full-width opening doors at ground floor level enabled J. G. Ballard's'Crashed Cars' exhibition to be held there; the first multi-day free festival in the UK, the Cambridge Free Festival was organised by the Cambridge Arts Lab in 1969. An intentional community inspired by the Arts Lab was founded in 2014 on Merseyside. After'A Day of Counter-Culture' meeting, a new Northampton Arts Lab has been formed in 2016. IT - Covent Garden - Jim Haynes has found a space for his new arts' supermarket - 28 April 1967 Biddy Peppin and David Curtis talk for Adhocracy - August 2011 at Rich Mix Arts Centre LUX history - The Arts Lab, LFMC and IRAT Lee Harris' involvement with the Arts Lab, 1966-68 Portsmouth Arts Workshop by Stefan Szczelkun BIT Report on Arts Labs around the country, 1969 - compiled by Nick Albery The Generalist - David Bowie and the Arts Labs Movement, 2016 and Arts Lab and Worthing Workshop, 2006 Mary Finnigan on the Beckenham Arts Lab'Growth'
The Turner Prize, named after the English painter J. M. W. Turner, is an annual prize presented to a British visual artist. Between 1991 and 2016, only artists under the age of 50 were eligible. Awarding the prize is organised by the Tate gallery and staged at Tate Britain, though in recent years the award ceremony has sometimes been held in other UK cities. Since its beginnings in 1984 it has become the UK's most publicised art award; the award represents all media. As of 2004, the monetary award was established at £40,000. There have been different sponsors, including Gordon's Gin. A prominent event in British culture, the prize has been awarded by various distinguished celebrities: in 2006 this was Yoko Ono, in 2012 it was presented by Jude Law, it is a controversial event for the exhibits, such as The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living – a shark in formaldehyde by Damien Hirst – and My Bed, a dishevelled bed by Tracey Emin. Controversy has come from other directions, including Culture Minister Kim Howells criticising exhibits, a guest of honour swearing, prize judge Lynn Barber writing in the press, a speech by Sir Nicholas Serota about the purchase of a trustee's work.
The prize was named after Turner because while he is now considered one of the country's greatest artists, while he was active his work was controversial. While he is now looked at as a traditionalist, his new approach to landscape painting changed the course of art history, as many of the Turner Prize winners aspire to do; each year after the announcement of the four nominees and during the build-up to the announcement of the winner, the Prize receives intense attention from the media. Much of this attention is critical and the question is asked, "Is this art?"Artists are chosen based upon a showing of their work that they have staged in the preceding year. Nominations for the prize are invited from the public, although this was considered to have negligible effect—a suspicion confirmed in 2006 by Lynn Barber, one of the judges. There is a three-week period in May for public nominations to be received; the exhibition remains on view until January. The prize is not judged on the Tate show, but on the earlier exhibition for which the artist was nominated.
The exhibition and prize rely on commercial sponsorship. By 1987, money for the prize was provided by Drexel Burnham Lambert. Channel 4, an independent television channel, stepped in for 1991, doubling the prize money to £20,000, supporting the event with documentaries and live broadcasts of the prize-giving. In 2004, they were replaced as sponsors by Gordon's Gin, doubling the prize money to £40,000, with £5,000 going to each of the shortlisted artists, £25,000 to the winner; as much as the shortlist of artists reflects the state of British Art, the composition of the panel of judges, which includes curators and critics, provides some indication of who holds influence institutionally and internationally, as well as who are rising stars. Tate Director Sir Nicholas Serota has been the Chair of the jury since his tenure at the Tate. There are conflicting reports as to; the media success of the Turner Prize contributed to the success of the late 1990s phenomena of Young British Artists, Cool Britannia, exhibitions such as the Charles Saatchi-sponsored Sensation exhibition.
Most of the artists nominated for the prize selection become known to the general public for the first time as a consequence. Some have talked of the difficulty of the sudden media exposure. Sale prices of the winners have increased. Chris Ofili, Anish Kapoor and Jeremy Deller became trustees of the Tate; some artists, notably Sarah Lucas, have declined the invitation to be nominated. The identity of Turner Price is associated with conceptual art. For two of its first editions, Art & Language was nominated in 1986, Terry Atkinson, one of the founders and historical member of Art & Language, was nominated in 1985. In 2000, Tillmans was the first photographer and first non-British artist to receive the Turner Prize. Malcolm Morley is awarded the inaugural Turner Prize for his installation of two oil-on-canvas paintings inspired by a trip to Greece. Morley's win sparked controversy. Other nominees included Richard Long, Richard Deacon and Gilbert & George, all of whom went on to win the Turner Prize themselves.
The prize was awarded by Minister for the Arts at the time. Howard Hodgkin is awarded the Turner Prize for A Small Thing But My Own. Other nominees included Terry Atkinson, sculptor Tony Cragg, Ian Hamilton Finlay, Milena Kalinovska and painting/printing artist John Walker; the prize was awarded by celebrity presenter Sir Richard Attenborough. The controversial art duo Gilbert & George were awarded after a previous nomination in 1984. Other nominees included Art & Language, sculpture/printing artist Victor Burgin, painter Derek Jarman, painter Stephen McKenna and sculptor Bill Woodrow. Sculpture artist Richard Deacon is awarded the prize. Other nominees included graphic-style painter/printer Patrick Caulfield, Helen Chadwick, Richard