Charles XV Carl. Though known as King Charles XV in Sweden, he was the ninth Swedish king by that name, as his predecessor Charles IX had adopted a numeral according to a fictitious history of Sweden, he was dubbed Duke of Scania at birth. Born the eldest son of Crown Prince Oscar of Sweden and his wife Crown Princess Josephine, he would be second in line to the throne of his grandfather, the ruling King Charles XIV John of Sweden. During his childhood he was placed in the care of the royal governess countess Christina Ulrika Taube; when he was just 15, he was given his first officer's commission in 1841 by his grandfather the king. The aging King Charles XIV would suffer a stroke on his 81st birthday in 1844, dying little more than a month later, his successor would be his son, Charles’s father Oscar, who ascended the throne as King Oscar I of Sweden. Upon his father's accession to the throne in 1844, the youth Charles was made a chancellor of the universities of Uppsala and Lund, in 1853 chancellor of Royal Swedish Academy of Arts.
On 11 February 1846 he was made an honorary member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. The Crown Prince was Viceroy of Norway in 1856 and 1857, he became Regent on 25 September 1857, king on the death of his father on 8 July 1859. As grandson of Augusta of Bavaria, he was a descendant of Gustav I of Sweden and Charles IX of Sweden, whose blood returned to the throne after being lost in 1818 when Charles XIII of Sweden died. On 19 June 1850 he married in Stockholm Louise of the Netherlands, niece of William II of the Netherlands through her father and niece of William I of Prussia, German Emperor, through her mother; the couple were quite dissimilar. Louise was in love with her husband, his well-known mistresses included the actress Laura Bergnéhr, the countess Josephine Sparre, Wilhelmine Schröder and the actresses Hanna Styrell and Elise Hwasser, the Crown Prince neglected his shy wife. On the other hand, his relationship to his only daughter, was warm and close; as Crown Prince, Charles' brusque manner led many to regard his future accession with some apprehension, yet he proved to be one of the most popular of Scandinavian kings and a constitutional ruler in the best sense of the word.
His reign was remarkable for its far-reaching reforms. Sweden's existing municipal law, ecclesiastical law and criminal law were enacted appropriately enough under the direction of a king whose motto was: Land skall med lag byggas - "With law shall the land be built". Charles helped Louis De Geer to carry through his reform of the Parliament of Sweden in 1866, he declared the freedom of women by passing the law of legal majority for unmarried women in 1858 – his sister Princess Eugenie became the first woman, declared mature. Charles, like his father Oscar I, was an advocate of Scandinavianism and the political solidarity of the three northern kingdoms, his friendship with Frederick VII of Denmark, it is said, led him to give half promises of help to Denmark on the eve of the war of 1864, which, in the circumstances, were misleading and unjustifiable. In view, however, of the unpreparedness of the Swedish army and the difficulties of the situation, Charles was forced to observe a strict neutrality.
He died in Malmö on 18 September 1872. Charles XV attained some eminence as a poet, he was followed on the thrones of both Norway and Sweden by his brother Oscar II. In 1872, Charles XV had controversial plans to enter a non-morganatic marriage with the Polish countess Marya Krasińska through the assistance of Ohan Demirgian, plans that aroused opposition both in the royal house and government and which were interrupted only by his death. By his wife, Louise of the Netherlands, Charles had two children, a son who died in infancy and a daughter who married the King of Denmark; the early death of his only legitimate son meant that he was succeeded on the throne of Sweden by his younger brother Oscar II. Charles sired an illegitimate son, Carl Johan Bolander, the father of Bishop Nils Bolander and daughter, Ellen Svensson Hammar, it has been rumored that he had many more extramarital children. No subsequent king of Sweden to this day is Charles' descendant. However, his descendants are or have been on the thrones of Denmark, Greece and Norway.
A few weeks before Charles' death, his daughter Louise gave birth to her second son. The young Prince of Denmark became christened as grandfather Charles' namesake. In 1905 this grandson, Prince Carl of Denmark, ascended the throne of Norway, becoming thus his maternal grandfather's successor in that country, assumed the reign name Haakon VII; the present king, Harald V of Norway, is Charles' great-great-grandson, through his father and mother. National decorationsKnight and Commander with Collar of the Seraphim, 3 May 1826 Knight of Charles XIII, 3 May 1826 Commander Grand Cross, Order of the Sword, 3 May 1826 Commander Grand Cross, Order of the Polar Star, 3 May 1826 Commander Grand Cross, Order of Vasa, 3 May 1826 Grand Cross with Collar, Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav, 3 May 1826Foreign decorations This article incorpor
Hy Zaret was an American Tin Pan Alley lyricist and composer best known as the co-author of the 1955 hit "Unchained Melody," one of the most recorded songs of the 20th century. Zaret was born in New York City and attended West Virginia University and Brooklyn Law School, where he received an LLB, he scored his first major success in 1937, when he teamed up with Saul Chaplin and Sammy Cahn to co-write the pop standard "Dedicated to You." The early 1940s brought some collaborations with Alex C. Kramer and Joan Whitney, including 1941's "It All Comes Back to Me Now" and the conscious, WWII-themed "My Sister and I." Zaret wrote the lyrics for an English translation of the French Resistance song "La Complainte du Partisan". The song became popular after it was recorded by Leonard Cohen and others as "The Partisan". In 1944 he and Lou Singer wrote the popular hit novelty song "One Meatball", based on a song popular among Harvard undergraduates. Zaret's biggest success, was "Unchained Melody," a song he co-wrote with film composer Alex North for the 1955 prison film Unchained, nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Song.
No fewer than three versions of the song—by Les Baxter, Al Hibbler, Roy Hamilton—hit the U. S. Top Ten that year, with Hibbler's version ranking as the best-known for the next ten years; the song was recorded by Jimmy Young and Liberace, covered by countless others, but The Righteous Brothers' 1965 version—given a supremely romantic production by Phil Spector—became the definitive take, reaching the U. S. pop Top Five. That recording was revived in 1990 thanks to its inclusion in the film and nearly reached the U. S. Top Ten all over again, whilst it reached No.1 in the U. K on this release. Elvis Presley, Sam Cooke, Cliff Richard, Roy Orbison and Donny Osmond recorded versions of the song; this song is unique in that it has made No.1 on the U. K. singles charts in four different guises by four different artists over a period of nearly fifty years: Jimmy Young, The Righteous Brothers, Robson & Jerome and Gareth Gates. The latter three versions have all recorded certified sales in excess of one million copies in the U.
K. alone. Zaret turned his attention to educational children's music in the late 1950s, collaborating with Lou Singer on a six-album series called "Ballads for the Age of Science"; the records were quite successful, the songs "Why Does the Sun Shine" and "A Shooting Star Is Not a Star" were covered by alternative rock band They Might Be Giants in 1993 and 2009, respectively. Great American Songbook Foundation - where Hy Zaret's papers are housed. A collection guide can be found here ASCAP Foundation Living Video Archive interview Hy Zaret Zaret Bio at MPL Communications at the Wayback Machine "Story of Unchained Melody at MPL Communications". Archived from the original on February 26, 2006. Retrieved April 11, 2007. CS1 maint: unfit url Great American Songbook Foundation Argosy Music Corp. History of Little Songs Publishing administrator for "Unchained Melody" Hy Zaret discography at MusicBrainz
The Star Observer is a free monthly magazine and online newspaper with social media channels that caters to the lesbian, bisexual and intersex communities in Australia. The Star Observer since June 20 2019, is owned by media company “Out Publications”; the newspaper was published by Michael Glynn as a tabloid in 1979 under the name The Sydney Star and is the oldest and largest publication of its kind in Australia. In 1982 the paper changed its name, becoming The Star undergoing several name changes, including Star Observer, Sydney's Star Observer, Sydney Star Observer and Star Observer; the typical profile of the audience is aged between 23 years and 50 years, with a higher than average income level. With a 2015 audited circulation in excess of 15,000 per month, the publishers claim a readership exceeding 41,000 readers in print and 100,000+ online. In late 2013, Elias Jahshan was appointed editor and oversaw the transition of the weekly newspaper into a monthly magazine, before Corey Sinclair became editor in 2016.
In 2017, the Star Observer's Victorian journalist Matthew Wade took over the position of editor. On June 20 2019, it was reported that the Star Observer, was saved by media company “Out Publications” from voluntary administration. In hardcopy tabloid format, The Star is published on the third Thursday of each month and is distributed to 375 locations throughout Adelaide, Brisbane and Sydney as well as selected regional Australian locations. Copies can be found in cafes, cinemas theaters, book shops, medical practices, community centres as well as gay and lesbian community outlets such as pubs, nightclubs and lesbian friendly retail shops and sex on premises venues. Subscriptions are available. Both the tabloid publication and online version contain local and international coverage related to gay and lesbian news and lifestyle. Non-specifically gay and lesbian items, such as arts and culture, real estate and technology are covered. A strong focus of the publication is on community, such as sport and lesbian business events, opinion.
Each year special publications are produced to celebrate Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras, Midsumma Festival and Mardi Gras Film Festival. The shareholders of the publishing company have never drawn dividends from any profits generated by the Star Observer. Instead, The Star has made donations to support the community through entities such as the AIDS Trust, Victorian AIDS Council, the Bobby Goldsmith Foundation and Twenty10 as well as others. Wotherspoon, Garry. City of the plain: history of a gay sub-culture. Hale & Iremonger. P. 256. ISBN 978-0-86806-425-3. Star Observer website Gay and Lesbian Australian Media Alliance website