Chemistry World is a monthly chemistry news magazine published by the Royal Society of Chemistry. The magazine addresses current events in world of chemistry including research, international business news and government policy as it affects the chemical science community, plus the best product applications, it features regular columns by Philip Ball, Derek Lowe, Andrea Sella, Raychelle Burks and Mark Peplow. The magazine is sent to all members of the Royal Society of Chemistry and is included in the cost of membership. In August 2016, the magazine began offering a "soft" paywall option, where a limited amount of content is made available free to all unregistered readers. Chemistry World is supported by three podcasts: the Chemistry World Magazine Podcast, Chemistry in its Element and the Chemistry World Book Club podcast. According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2011 impact factor of 0.159, ranking it 146th out of 154 journals in the category "Chemistry, Multidisciplinary".
In 1965 two British chemistry institutions, the Chemical Society and the Royal Institute of Chemistry agreed to merge their primary publications Proceedings of the Chemical Society and the Journal of the Royal Institute of Chemistry. This was a first step to merger of the Institutions; the new journal was entitled Chemistry in Britain. In January 2004 it was given "a new title, to acknowledge the international nature of the subject". Official website
The Corday–Morgan Medal and Prize is awarded by the Royal Society of Chemistry for the most meritorious contributions to experimental chemistry, including computer simulation. The prize was established by chemist Gilbert Morgan, who named it after his father Thomas Morgan and his mother Mary-Louise Corday. From the award's inception in 1949 until 1980 it was awarded by the Chemical Society. Up to three prizes are awarded annually; the Corday–Morgan medallists have included many of the UK's most successful chemists. Since 1949 they have been: Event data as RDF
The Hickinbottom Award is awarded annually by the Royal Society of Chemistry for contributions in the area of organic chemistry from researchers under the age of 35. The prize winner receives a monetary award and will complete a lecture tour within the UK; the winner is chosen by the awards committee of the Royal Society of Chemistry's organic division. The award was established by the Royal Society of Chemistry in 1979 following Wilfrid Hickinbottom's bequest. Hickinbottom was noted for supporting high standards in experimental chemistry. Part of the monetary award is the Briggs scholarship, funded following a bequest from Lady Alice Lilian Thorpe, William Briggs' daughter; the award was first granted in 1981 to Jeremy Sanders. Subsequent recipients include
Royal Society of Chemistry
The Royal Society of Chemistry is a learned society in the United Kingdom with the goal of "advancing the chemical sciences". It was formed in 1980 from the amalgamation of the Chemical Society, the Royal Institute of Chemistry, the Faraday Society, the Society for Analytical Chemistry with a new Royal Charter and the dual role of learned society and professional body. At its inception, the Society had a combined membership of 34,000 in the UK and a further 8,000 abroad; the headquarters of the Society are at Burlington House, London. It has offices in Thomas Graham House in Cambridge where RSC Publishing is based; the Society has offices in the United States at the University City Science Center, Philadelphia, in both Beijing and Shanghai and Bangalore, India. The organisation carries out research, publishes journals and databases, as well as hosting conferences and workshops, it is the professional body for chemistry in the UK, with the ability to award the status of Chartered Chemist and, through the Science Council the awards of Chartered Scientist, Registered Scientist and Registered Science Technician to suitably qualified candidates.
The designation FRSC is given to a group of elected Fellows of the society who have made major contributions to chemistry and other interface disciplines such as biological chemistry. The names of Fellows are published each year in The Times. Honorary Fellowship of the Society is awarded for distinguished service in the field of chemistry; the president is elected biennially and wears a badge in the form of a spoked wheel, with the standing figure of Joseph Priestley depicted in enamel in red and blue, on a hexagonal medallion in the centre. The rim of the wheel is gold, the twelve spokes are of non-tarnishable metals; the current president is Dame Carol V. Robinson. Past presidents of the society have been: The following are membership grades with post-nominals: Affiliate: The grade for students and those involved in chemistry who do not meet the requirements for the following grades. AMRSC: Associate Member, Royal Society of Chemistry The entry level for RSC membership, AMRSC is awarded to graduates in the chemical sciences.
MRSC: Member, Royal Society of Chemistry Awarded to graduates with at least 3 years' experience, who have acquired key skills through professional activity FRSC: Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry Fellowship may be awarded to nominees who have made an outstanding contribution to chemistry. HonFRSC: Honorary Fellow of the Society Honorary Fellowship is awarded for distinguished service in the field of chemistry. CChem: Chartered Chemist The award of CChem is considered separately from admission to a category of RSC membership. Candidates need to be MRSC or FRSC and demonstrate development of specific professional attributes and be in a job which requires their chemical knowledge and skills. CSci: Chartered Scientist The RSC is a licensed by the Science Council for the registration of Chartered Scientists. EurChem: European Chemist The RSC is a member of the European Communities Chemistry Council, can award this designation to Chartered Chemists. MChemA: Mastership in Chemical Analysis The RSC awards this postgraduate qualification, the UK statutory qualification for practice as a Public Analyst.
It requires candidates to submit a portfolio of suitable experience and to take theory papers and a one-day laboratory practical examination. The qualification GRSC was awarded from 1981 to 1995 for completion of college courses equivalent to an honours chemistry degree and overseen by the RSC, it replaced the GRIC offered by the Royal Institute of Chemistry. The society is organised around 9 divisions, based on subject areas, local sections, both in the United Kingdom and overseas. Divisions cover broad areas of chemistry but contain many special interest groups for more specific areas. Analytical Division for analytical chemistry and promoting the original aims of the Society for Analytical Chemistry. 12 Subject Groups. Dalton Division, named after John Dalton, for inorganic chemistry. 6 Subject Groups. Education Division for chemical education. 4 Subject Groups. Faraday Division, named after Michael Faraday, for physical chemistry and promoting the original aims of the Faraday Society. 14 Subject Groups.
Organic Division for organic chemistry. 6 Subject Groups. Chemical Biology Interface Division. 2 Subject Groups. Environment and Energy Division. 3 Subject Groups. Materials Chemistry Division. 4 Subject Groups. Industry and Technology Division. 13 Subject Groups. There are 12 subjects groups not attached to a division. There are 35 local sections covering the United Ireland. In countries of the Commonwealth of Nations and many other countries there are Local Representatives of the society and some activities; the society is a not-for-profit publisher: surplus made by its publishing business is invested to support its aim of advancing the chemical sciences. In addition to scientific journals, including its flagship journals Chemical Communications, Chemical Science and Chemical Society Reviews, the society publishes: Education in Chemistry for teachers. A free online journal for chemistry educators, Chemistry Education Research and Practice. A general chemistry magazine Chemistry World, sent monthly to all members of the Society throughout the world.
The editorial board consists of 10 industrial chemists. It was first published in January 2004, it replaced C
Royal Society of Biology
The Royal Society of Biology called the Society of Biology, is a learned society and professional association in the United Kingdom created to advance the interests of biology in academia, industry and research. Formed in 2009 by the merger of the Biosciences Federation and the Institute of Biology, the society has around 18,000 individual members, more than 100 member organisations. In addition to engaging the public on matters related to the life sciences, the society seeks to develop the profession and to guide the development of related policies. In May 2015 the society called the Society of Biology, was granted permission to become the "Royal Society of Biology"; the society is a registered charity. The first president of the society was Nancy Rothwell and the current president is Julia Goodfellow; the society has six Special Interest Groups: the Animal Science Group, UK Biology Competitions, Natural Capital Initiative, the UK Plant Sciences Federation, Biology Education Research Group and Heads of University Biosciences.
The Royal Society of Biology supports university students and early-career researchers with careers advice, travel grants and Life Sciences Careers Conferences. In 2012 it developed a Degree Accreditation Programme to promote high standards in the biosciences and highlight degrees which provide graduates with the skills required for academic and industry careers. Members of the society are entitled to employ postnominal letters: AMRSB for associates, MRSB for members, FRSB for fellows; the society is a member of the Science Council, is licensed to award the professional qualifications of Chartered Scientist, Registered Scientist, Registered Science Technician status to suitably qualified members. The society can confer the status of Chartered Science Teacher; the original professional qualification of the society is Charted Biologist, which can only be conferred by the Royal Society of Biology. The title "Chartered Biologist" is protected in the UK, Chartered Biologists have the exclusive entitlement to use the designation CBiol after their names.
Unlike academic qualifications such as a BSc Chartered status confirms both an academic level of training combined with a period of professional work experience. It therefore indicates a level of competence combined with practical experience; the title of Chartered Biologist was designated with permission of the Privy Council to appropriately qualified members of the Institute of Biology in July 1984.. According to the Privy Council CBiol "provides evidence that a biologist's professional qualifications and experience have been approved by his peers and is a definite measure of knowledge and ability." The right for the Institute of Biology to confer CBiol was incorporated into the Institute's Royal Charter. On 7 October 2009, this right was transferred by the final meeting of the former Institute of Biology Council to the newly formed Society of Biology. Subsequently, in May 2015, this once more transferred to the Royal Society of Biology when the Society of Biology was rebranded; the status of Chartered Biologist today is conferred upon both Fellows and Members of the Royal Society of Biology.
The conditions for qualification are a university degree-level qualification in biology or a related bioscience in addition to either two years of training in their programme of continuing professional development, or substantial professional experience over 10 years. CBiol has European recognition. In 1983, the Institute of Biology's General Secretary, Philp O'Donoghue FIBiol, in preparing to submit the original proposals for Chartered Biologist to the Privy Council, chaired the first meeting of the European Communities Biological Association. At that meeting Paolo Fasella, the European Community Directorate-General XII responsible for coordinating science research across Europe, helped pave the way for enhancing the status of Chartered Biologist in the European Union.. This took place on 4 January 1991 under EC Directive 89/48 when the'single market' came into effect: the directive harmonised member nations' professional qualifications; the Chartered Biologist designation is today covered by Directive 2005/36/EC, of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 7 September 2005.
This directive establishes furthered EC Directive 89/48 that provided a system for the recognition of professional qualifications, in order to help make labour markets more standardised and transferable across EU nations, further liberalise the provision of services, encourage more automatic recognition of qualifications and simplify administrative procedures. In June 2016 the society launched the Plant Health Professional Register, developed in conjunction with Nicola Spence, chief plant health office at Defra and Charles Lane of Fera Science; the register provides an opportunity for those working in plant health to have their profession recognised, to be able to continue their professional development. The Society runs two competitions for schools, the British Biology Olympiad and Biology Challenge, which are designed to challenge Britain's most talented students and reward them for their success; the four winners of the British Biology Olympiad go forward to compete in the International Biology Olympiad.
The society has organised an annual Biology Week since 2012. It takes place in October and aims to inspire people of all ages and backgroun
Faraday Lectureship Prize
The Faraday Lectureship Prize known as the Faraday Lectureship is awarded once every three years by the Royal Society of Chemistry for "exceptional contributions to physical or theoretical chemistry". Named after Michael Faraday, the first Faraday Lecture was given in 1869, two years after Faraday's death, by Jean-Baptiste Dumas; as of 2009, the prize was worth £5000, with the recipient receiving a medal and a certificate. As the name suggests, the recipient gives a public lecture describing his or her work. Source: RSC Event data as RDF
Europe is a continent located in the Northern Hemisphere and in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the south, it comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia. Since around 1850, Europe is most considered to be separated from Asia by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas and the waterways of the Turkish Straits. Although the term "continent" implies physical geography, the land border is somewhat arbitrary and has been redefined several times since its first conception in classical antiquity; the division of Eurasia into two continents reflects East-West cultural and ethnic differences which vary on a spectrum rather than with a sharp dividing line. The geographic border does not follow political boundaries, with Turkey and Kazakhstan being transcontinental countries. A strict application of the Caucasus Mountains boundary places two comparatively small countries and Georgia, in both continents.
Europe covers 2 % of the Earth's surface. Politically, Europe is divided into about fifty sovereign states of which the Russian Federation is the largest and most populous, spanning 39% of the continent and comprising 15% of its population. Europe had a total population of about 741 million as of 2016; the European climate is affected by warm Atlantic currents that temper winters and summers on much of the continent at latitudes along which the climate in Asia and North America is severe. Further from the sea, seasonal differences are more noticeable than close to the coast. Europe, in particular ancient Greece, was the birthplace of Western civilization; the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD and the subsequent Migration Period marked the end of ancient history and the beginning of the Middle Ages. Renaissance humanism, exploration and science led to the modern era. Since the Age of Discovery started by Portugal and Spain, Europe played a predominant role in global affairs. Between the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers controlled at various times the Americas all of Africa and Oceania and the majority of Asia.
The Age of Enlightenment, the subsequent French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars shaped the continent culturally and economically from the end of the 17th century until the first half of the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution, which began in Great Britain at the end of the 18th century, gave rise to radical economic and social change in Western Europe and the wider world. Both world wars took place for the most part in Europe, contributing to a decline in Western European dominance in world affairs by the mid-20th century as the Soviet Union and the United States took prominence. During the Cold War, Europe was divided along the Iron Curtain between NATO in the West and the Warsaw Pact in the East, until the revolutions of 1989 and fall of the Berlin Wall. In 1949 the Council of Europe was founded, following a speech by Sir Winston Churchill, with the idea of unifying Europe to achieve common goals, it includes all European states except for Belarus and Vatican City. Further European integration by some states led to the formation of the European Union, a separate political entity that lies between a confederation and a federation.
The EU originated in Western Europe but has been expanding eastward since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. The currency of most countries of the European Union, the euro, is the most used among Europeans. In classical Greek mythology, Europa was a Phoenician princess; the word Europe is derived from her name. The name contains the elements εὐρύς, "wide, broad" and ὤψ "eye, countenance", hence their composite Eurṓpē would mean "wide-gazing" or "broad of aspect". Broad has been an epithet of Earth herself in the reconstructed Proto-Indo-European religion and the poetry devoted to it. There have been attempts to connect Eurṓpē to a Semitic term for "west", this being either Akkadian erebu meaning "to go down, set" or Phoenician'ereb "evening, west", at the origin of Arabic Maghreb and Hebrew ma'arav. Michael A. Barry, professor in Princeton University's Near Eastern Studies Department, finds the mention of the word Ereb on an Assyrian stele with the meaning of "night, sunset", in opposition to Asu " sunrise", i.e. Asia.
The same naming motive according to "cartographic convention" appears in Greek Ἀνατολή. Martin Litchfield West stated that "phonologically, the match between Europa's name and any form of the Semitic word is poor." Next to these hypotheses there is a Proto-Indo-European root *h1regʷos, meaning "darkness", which produced Greek Erebus. Most major world languages use words derived from Europa to refer to the continent. Chinese, for example, uses the word Ōuzhōu. In some Turkic languages the Persian name Frangistan is used casually in referring to much of Europe, besides official names such as Avrupa or Evropa; the prevalent definition of Europe as a geographical term has been in use since the mid-19th century. Europe is taken to be bounded by large bodies of water