12 January 2000Major Cineplex Group Public Co. Ltd. is the largest operator of movie theaters in Thailand. Combined with its subsidiary, EGV Entertainment, the company has 490 screens around Thailand. Among its properties is Thailand's largest multiplex, the Paragon Cineplex at Siam Paragon, with 16 screens and 5,000 seats, along with the IMAX theater; the second-largest chain in Thailand is SF Cinema City. Major Cineplex was founded by Vicha Poolvaraluk in 1996. A member of a family with roots in the movie business, Vicha started out in property development. In 1992, he was asked by Charoen Poolvaraluck, to take over the movie theater business. Vicha decided on a concept of large movie complexes that could offer a range of entertainment services, including not only movies, but bowling alleys, karaoke rooms and shopping; the first such complex opened in 1996 on Nakhon Chaisri Road in Bangkok. The 14-screen, 4,000-seat Major Cineplex Ratchayothin opened in 1998 and featured Thailand's first IMAX cinema.
It was the company's flagship cinema complex until 2006. Other early Major Cineplex theaters include branches at Sukhumvit. In 2004, Major Cineplex absorbed Thailand's No 2 theater operator, EGV Entertainment, Thailand's first cineplex operator. EGV had been owned by a rival branch of the Poolvaraluck family, headed by Vicha Poolvaraluck's cousin, Wichai Poolvaraluck, who started EGV as a partnership with Golden Village. There are at least 19 Major Cineplex-branded theaters in Thailand, with the number expected to grow in the coming years; the company aims to increase its total number of screens to 500 by 2012. Major Cineplex's theaters range from shopping complexes, anchored by the cineplex, such as Major Cineplex Ratchayothin or Major Cineplex Sukhumvit, that include bowling alleys, fitness centers and shops, to multiplexes that are part of larger shopping malls, such as the Bang Na or Rama III branches in Bangkok. At the theaters themselves, there is a range of seating choices, including the luxury "Emperor" class, similar to EGV's "Gold Class", "Opera", which provides a sofa-like seat, designed for couples.
In December 2006, the company debuted another flagship brand, the Esplanade Cineplex, consisting of 13 theaters and a 26-lane bowling alley at the Esplanade complex on Ratchadaphisek Road in Bangkok's Din Daeng district. Thailand's first cineplex operator, EGV, or Entertain Golden Village, was formed in 1993 by Wichai Poolworaluk's Entertainment Theatres Network as a joint venture with Hong Kong's Golden Harvest and Australia's Village Roadshow; the first cineplex was opened in 1994 at Future Park Bang Khae. Other branches include the EGV Grand in Siam Discovery Center and the EGV Metropolis, which anchors a BigC shopping center on Rajadamri Road in Pathum Wan district, opposite Central World Plaza. Village Roadshow took over Golden Harvest's stake in 2000, in 2002, Wichai bought out Village Roadshow's 50% interest; the company merged with Major Cineplex in 2004, putting aside a rivalry within the Poolvaraluck family. Aside from its EGV-branded multiplexes, EGV has the following: Gold Class – Smaller theaters, located on existing EGV properties, with their own box offices.
The screening rooms have around 50 seats, with padded reclining chairs and valet food-and-drink service. Blankets and foot-warming stockings are provided. EGV was the pioneer in this concept of luxury movie-going in Thailand and it remains popular. D-Cine – Small, living-room-like theaters where customers can program their own DVD movie showings. Drive-In Café – A short-lived concept, this was tried in 2004 in an auditorium at EGV Seacon in Prawet district. Featuring a 1950s American drive-in theater motif, the audience sat in automobile-like restaurant booths and could be served hot dogs and hamburgers while they watched a movie. Opened in early 2006, Paragon Cineplex is on the fifth floor of the Siam Paragon shopping mall. With 16 screens and 5,000 seats, it is Thailand's largest movie theater, it includes the 1,200-seat Siam Pavalai Royal Grand Theatre by Bangkok Dusit Medical Services as well as some smaller Bangkok Airways Blue Ribbon Screens with reclining seats. There is the Enigma, a members-only cinema.
Thailand's only IMAX cinema is part of the Paragon Cineplex at Siam Paragon. It was located at the Major Cineplex Ratchayothin. In 2016 Major Cineplex Group has a 6 IMAX Theatre around Thailand including Major Cineplex Ratchayothin, Major Cineplex CentralFestival Chiangmai, Hatyai Cineplex CentralFestival Hatyai, Quartier CineArt The EmQuartier Bangkok, Westgate Cineplex CentralPlaza WestGate Opened in late 2006, Esplanade Cineplex is a forth installment of Major Cineplex specialty chain. It's located on the fifth floor of Esplanade Ratchada shopping mall in Dindeang district. With 12 screens, including 2 Cinema Galleries for showing the Experimental film, BSC Diamond Screens with reclining seats, Dolby Atmos cinema. However, Major Cineplex has opened a second branch of Esplanade in Nonthaburi Province, serve Thailand's biggest and largest digital cinema theater "MMAX THEATRE", and provide a same functional of Esplanade Ratchada except Dolby Atmos and RealD cinema system. The eighth installment of Major Cineplex chain built in The EmQuartier Bangkok shopping mall.
It is said to be a Thailand first CineArt concept. With 8 screen, including IMAX, Thailand first Laser Projector "AEON THEATRE @ QUARTIER", Thailand and Asean first Screen X theatre, Dolby Atmos and RealD XL theatre, 4 digital cinemas; the seventeenth installment
Lat Phrao District
Lat Phrao is one of the 50 districts of Bangkok, Thailand. The district is bounded by six other districts: Bang Khen, Bueng Kum, Bang Kapi, Wang Thonglang, Chatuchak. Lat Phrao was a tambon of Bang Kapi District, in what was Phra Nakhon Province, before the unification of Thonburi and Phra Nakhon into the single administrative area of Krung Thep, it was a sub-district of the Bang Kapi District, after naming conventions were changed for administrative districts of Bangkok. On 4 September 1989, Lat Phrao was split off from Bang Kapi along with Bueng Kum as new districts. In 1997, the boundaries of Lat Phrao District were modified to balance the size and population of Bangkok's districts; the portion of Chorake Bua sub-district north of Khok Khram and Ta Reng canals was reassigned to Bang Khen District, portions of the Lat Phrao sub-district were added to Wang Thonglang District. On 24 January 2002, portions of Wang Thonglang District were reassigned to Lat Phrao Sub-district; the word Lat Phrao can mean'slope of coconut'.
The district seal features a coconut putting forth two fresh leaves. The district is divided into two sub-districts; the district council for Lat Phrao has seven members. Elections were last held on 30 April 2006; the results were seven seats for the Thai Rak Thai Party
Din Daeng District
Din Daeng is one of the 50 districts of Bangkok, Thailand. Its neighbours, clockwise from north, are Chatuchak, Huai Khwang and Phaya Thai; the district was created in 1993, when the eastern part of Phaya Thai was split off to form a new district. The district is populated due to the concentration of apartments built by National Housing Authority, they are along Pracha Songkhro Road. The district is divided into two sub-districts; the MRT passes along Din Daeng's eastern border with five stations: Phra Ram 9, Thailand Cultural Centre, Huai Khwang and Ratchadaphisek. Official website of the district BMA website with the tourism landmarks of Din Daeng
Kamphaeng Phet MRT station
Kamphaeng Phet station is a Bangkok MRT station on the Blue Line in Bangkok, Thailand. It is beneath Kamphaeng Phet Road, providing a direct access to the Chatuchak Weekend Market and OrTorKor Market. Not to be confused with the town or province of Kamphaeng Phet, it has an underground mall that opened in early 2009. The preceding station is Bang Sue next station is Chatuchak Park; the road is named after HRH Prince Purachatra Jayakara, Prince of Kamphaeng Phet, the first Thai commander of State Railway of Thailand
Mo Chit BTS station
Mo Chit Station is a BTS Skytrain station, on the Sukhumvit Line in Chatuchak District, Thailand. The station is located on the Phahon Yothin highway between Phahon Yothin Soi 18 and Soi 20, it is near the New Mo Chit bus station. The station is directly connected to Chatuchak Park MRT Station which opened in 2004. Other nearby landmarks include Chatuchak Park and Mochit Bus Station. Mo chit store photos BTS Skytrain
Vibhavadi Rangsit Road
Vibhavadi Rangsit Road or Thailand Route 31 informally called Vibhavadi Road, is a highway in Thailand. The road begins at Phaya Thai district in Bangkok and crosses Chatuchak, Lak Si, Don Mueang districts before merging with Phahonyothin Road, Khu Khot subdistrict, Lam Luk Ka district, Pathum Thani Province. Vibhavadi Rangsit Road is a superhighway through Bangkok with no traffic lights, it is a divided highway, with each side further divided into a frontage road. Major roads that Vibhavadi Rangsit Road intersects are Din Daeng Road, Sutthisan Road, Lat Phrao Road, Phahonyothin Road, Ngamwongwan Road, Chaengwatthana Road, it is named in honor of HRH Princess Vibhavadi Rangsit, a well-known Thai novelist who dedicated the final decade of her life to developing rural Southern Thailand, was killed in an attack by insurgents while trying to rescue injured Border Patrol police. Prior to the renaming of Highway No. 31 as Vibhavadi Rangsit Road, it was known as "Superhighway Road". The section between Chaeng Watthana Road and Don Mueang Airport is part of the former local road Si Rap Suk Road, which runs from Lak Si Monument to the airport.
Vibhavadi Rangsit Road between Din Daeng Intersection and Khlong Bang Sue forms the border between Din Daeng and Phaya Thai districts in Bangkok. The Uttaraphimuk Elevated Tollway, better known as Don Mueang Tollway runs high above the road and is a toll expressway in Bangkok
Education in Thailand
Education in Thailand is provided by the Thai government through the Ministry of Education from pre-school to senior high school. A free basic education of fifteen years is guaranteed by the constitution. Education in Thailand mandates nine years of "basic education". Education at public schools is free until grade 9; the government provides, in addition, three years of free pre-school and three years of free upper-secondary education. Neither is mandatory. Children are enrolled in elementary school from the age of six and attend for six years, Prathom 1 to Prathom 6. Elementary school classes is at least 7 hours per day, with a maximum learning time of 1,000 hours per year. Secondary education starts at age 12, it consists of three years of lower secondary education, Mattayom 1 to Mattayom 3, three years of upper secondary education, Mattayom 4 to Mattayom 6. Compulsory education ends with Mattayom 3, after which pupils can pursue upper-secondary education in a university-preparatory track, or continue their studies in vocational school programs.
Homeschooling is deffinitely illegal in Thailand. Thailand's constitution and education law does not explicitly recognize alternative education and considers the family to be an educational institution. A homeschool law passed in 2004, Ministerial Regulation No. 3 on the right to basic education by the family, governs homeschooling. Families must submit an application to homeschool and students are assessed annually. Basic education in Thailand is free, it is divided into three levels: pre-primary and secondary. Pre-primary education was introduced in 2004 and made free in 2009. State schools offer one year of pre-school studies. Participation in pre-primary education is "nearly universal". At the age of six, education begins, it lasts for nine years, consisting of primary and lower secondary, starting at the age of 12. Upper secondary education, grades 4-6, is not compulsory, it is divided into vocational tracks. Ninety-nine percent of students complete primary education. Only 85 percent complete lower secondary.
About 75 percent move on to upper secondary. For every 100 students in primary schools, 85.6 students will continue studies in M1, 79.6 students will continue until M3, only 99.9 will go on to M6 or occupational schools. There are academic upper secondary schools, vocational upper secondary schools, comprehensive schools offering academic and vocational tracks. Students who choose the academic stream intend to enter a university. Vocational schools offer programs. Admission to an upper secondary school is through an entrance exam. On the completion of each level, students need to pass the NET to graduate. Children are required to attend six years of elementary school and at least the first three years of high school; those who graduate from the sixth year of high school are candidates for two tests: O-NET and A-NET. Public schools are administered by the government; the private sector includes schools run for profit and fee-paying non-profit schools which are run by charitable organisations — by Catholic diocesan and religious orders that operate over 300 large elementary/secondary schools throughout the country.
Village and sub-district schools provide pre-school kindergarten and elementary classes, while in the district towns, schools will serve their areas with comprehensive schools with all the classes from kindergarten to age 15 and separate secondary schools for ages 13 through 18. Due to budgetary limitations, rural schools are less well equipped than the schools in the cities; the standard of instruction for the English language, is much lower, many high school students will commute 60–80 kilometres to schools in the nearest city. The school year is divided into ten semesters; the first ends in October. Formal education has its early origins in the temple schools. From the mid-sixteenth century Thailand opened up to significant French Catholic influence until the mid-seventeenth century when it was curtailed, the country returned to a strengthening of its own cultural ideology. Unlike other parts of South and Southeast Asia the Indian subcontinent, Laos, Cambodia, the Malay Peninsula and the Philippines which had all benefited from the influence of countries with centuries of educational tradition, Thailand has never been colonised by a Western power.
As a result, structured education on the lines of that in developed countries was slow to evolve until it gained new impetus with the reemergence of diplomacy in the late nineteenth century. It is possible that one of the earliest forms of education began when King Ram Khamhaeng the Great invented the Thai alphabet in 1283 basing it on Mon and southern Indian scripts. Stone inscriptions from 1292 in the new script depict moral and cultural aspects. During the Sukhothai period, education was dispensed by the Royal Institution of Instruction to members of the royal family and the nobility, while commoners were taught by Buddhist monks. In the period of the Ayutthaya kingdom from 1350 to 1767 during the reign of King Narai the Great, the Chindamani accepted as the first textbook of the Thai language, co