Uttar Pradesh is a state in northern India. With over 200 million inhabitants, it is the most populous state in India as well as the most populous country subdivision in the world, it was created on 1 April 1937 as the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh during British rule, was renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950. The state is divided into 75 districts with the capital being Lucknow; the main ethnic group is the Hindavi people. On 9 November 2000, a new state, was carved out from the state's Himalayan hill region; the two major rivers of the state, the Ganga and Yamuna, join at Allahabad and flow as the Ganga further east. Hindi is the most spoken language and is the official language of the state; the state is bordered by Rajasthan to the west, Himachal Pradesh and Delhi to the northwest and Nepal to the north, Bihar to the east, Madhya Pradesh to the south, touches the states of Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh to the southeast. It covers 243,290 square kilometres, equal to 7.33% of the total area of India, is the fourth-largest Indian state by area.
The economy of Uttar Pradesh is the fourth-largest state economy in India with ₹15.79 lakh crore in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹57,480. Agriculture and service industries are the largest parts of the state's economy; the service sector comprises travel and tourism, hotel industry, real estate and financial consultancies. President's rule has been imposed in Uttar Pradesh ten times since 1968, for different reasons and for a total of 1,700 days; the natives of the state are called Uttar Bhartiya, or more either Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Bundeli, Kannauji, or Rohilkhandi depending upon their region of origin. Hinduism is practised by more than three-fourths of the population, with Islam being the next largest religious group. Uttar Pradesh was home to powerful empires of medieval India; the state has several historical and religious tourist destinations, such as Agra, Vrindavan and Allahabad. Modern human hunter-gatherers have been in Uttar Pradesh since between around 85,000 and 72,000 years ago.
There have been prehistorical finds in Uttar Pradesh from the Middle and Upper Paleolithic dated to 21,000–31,000 years old and Mesolithic/Microlithic hunter-gatherer settlement, near Pratapgarh, from around 10550–9550 BC. Villages with domesticated cattle and goats and evidence of agriculture began as early as 6000 BC, developed between c. 4000 and 1500 BC beginning with the Indus Valley Civilisation and Harappa Culture to the Vedic period and extending into the Iron Age. The kingdom of Kosala, in the Mahajanapada era, was located within the regional boundaries of modern-day Uttar Pradesh. According to Hindu legend, the divine king Rama of the Ramayana epic reigned in Ayodhya, the capital of Kosala. Krishna, another divine king of Hindu legend, who plays a key role in the Mahabharata epic and is revered as the eighth reincarnation of the Hindu god Vishnu, is said to have been born in the city of Mathura, in Uttar Pradesh; the aftermath of the Mahabharata yuddh is believed to have taken place in the area between the Upper Doab and Delhi, during the reign of the Pandava king Yudhishthira.
The kingdom of the Kurus corresponds to the Black and Red Ware and Painted Gray Ware culture and the beginning of the Iron Age in northwest India, around 1000 BC. Control over Gangetic plains region was of vital importance to the power and stability of all of India's major empires, including the Maurya, Kushan and Gurjara-Pratihara empires. Following the Huns' invasions that broke the Gupta empire, the Ganges-Yamuna Doab saw the rise of Kannauj. During the reign of Harshavardhana, the Kannauj empire reached its zenith, it spanned from Punjab in the north and Gujarat in the west to Bengal in the east and Odisha in the south. It included parts of central India, north of the Narmada River and it encompassed the entire Indo-Gangetic plain. Many communities in various parts of India claim descent from the migrants of Kannauj. Soon after Harshavardhana's death, his empire disintegrated into many kingdoms, which were invaded and ruled by the Gurjara-Pratihara empire, which challenged Bengal's Pala Empire for control of the region.
Kannauj was several times invaded by the south Indian Rashtrakuta Dynasty, from the 8th century to the 10th century. After fall of Pala empire, the Chero dynasty ruled from 12th century to 18th century. Parts or all of Uttar Pradesh were ruled by the Delhi Sultanate for 320 years. Five dynasties ruled over the Delhi Sultanate sequentially: the Mamluk dynasty, the Khalji dynasty, the Tughlaq dynasty, the Sayyid dynasty, the Lodi dynasty. In the 16th century, Babur, a Timurid descendant of Timur and Genghis Khan from Fergana Valley, swept across the Khyber Pass and founded the Mughal Empire, covering India, along with modern-day Afghanistan and Bangladesh; the Mughals were descended from Persianised Central Asian Turks. In the Mughal era, Uttar Pradesh became the heartland of the empire. Mughal emperors Humayun ruled from Delhi. In 1540 an Afghan, Sher Shah Suri, took over the reins of Uttar Pradesh after defeating the Mughal king Humanyun. Sher Shah and his son Islam Shah ruled Uttar Pradesh from their capital at Gwalior.
After the death of Islam Shah Suri, his prime minister Hemu became the de facto ruler of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, th
India known as the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country by area and with more than 1.3 billion people, it is the second most populous country as well as the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia; the Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE. In the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium BCE, Buddhism and Jainism arose. Early political consolidations took place under the Gupta empires. In the medieval era, Zoroastrianism and Islam arrived, Sikhism emerged, all adding to the region's diverse culture.
Much of the north fell to the Delhi Sultanate. The economy expanded in the 17th century in the Mughal Empire. In the mid-18th century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, in the mid-19th under British Crown rule. A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance and led to India's independence in 1947. In 2017, the Indian economy was the world's sixth largest by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity. Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the fastest-growing major economies and is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption and inadequate public healthcare. A nuclear weapons state and regional power, it has the second largest standing army in the world and ranks fifth in military expenditure among nations. India is a federal republic governed under a parliamentary system and consists of 29 states and 7 union territories.
A pluralistic and multi-ethnic society, it is home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats. The name India is derived from Indus, which originates from the Old Persian word Hindush, equivalent to the Sanskrit word Sindhu, the historical local appellation for the Indus River; the ancient Greeks referred to the Indians as Indoi, which translates as "The people of the Indus". The geographical term Bharat, recognised by the Constitution of India as an official name for the country, is used by many Indian languages in its variations, it is a modernisation of the historical name Bharatavarsha, which traditionally referred to the Indian subcontinent and gained increasing currency from the mid-19th century as a native name for India. Hindustan is a Middle Persian name for India, it was introduced into India by the Mughals and used since then. Its meaning varied, referring to a region that encompassed northern India and Pakistan or India in its entirety; the name may refer to either the northern part of India or the entire country.
The earliest known human remains in South Asia date to about 30,000 years ago. Nearly contemporaneous human rock art sites have been found in many parts of the Indian subcontinent, including at the Bhimbetka rock shelters in Madhya Pradesh. After 6500 BCE, evidence for domestication of food crops and animals, construction of permanent structures, storage of agricultural surplus, appeared in Mehrgarh and other sites in what is now Balochistan; these developed into the Indus Valley Civilisation, the first urban culture in South Asia, which flourished during 2500–1900 BCE in what is now Pakistan and western India. Centred around cities such as Mohenjo-daro, Harappa and Kalibangan, relying on varied forms of subsistence, the civilization engaged robustly in crafts production and wide-ranging trade. During the period 2000–500 BCE, many regions of the subcontinent transitioned from the Chalcolithic cultures to the Iron Age ones; the Vedas, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism, were composed during this period, historians have analysed these to posit a Vedic culture in the Punjab region and the upper Gangetic Plain.
Most historians consider this period to have encompassed several waves of Indo-Aryan migration into the subcontinent from the north-west. The caste system, which created a hierarchy of priests and free peasants, but which excluded indigenous peoples by labeling their occupations impure, arose during this period. On the Deccan Plateau, archaeological evidence from this period suggests the existence of a chiefdom stage of political organisation. In South India, a progression to sedentary life is indicated by the large number of megalithic monuments dating from this period, as well as by nearby traces of agriculture, irrigation tanks, craft traditions. In the late Vedic period, around the 6th century BCE, the small states and chiefdoms of the Ganges Plain and the north-western regions had consolidated into 16 major oligarchies and monarchies that were known as the mahajanapadas; the emerging urbanisation gave rise to non-Vedic religious movements, two of which became independent religions. Jainism came into prominence during the life of Mahavira.
Buddhism, based on the teachings of Gautama Buddha, attracted followers from all social classes excepting the middle
Suresh Prabhakar Prabhu is an Indian politician and serving as the Minister of Commerce & Industry and Civil Aviation under the Modi government. He is a Chartered Accountant by profession and a member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. Since 1996, Prabhu has been a elected Member of Parliament from Rajapur Lok Sabha constituency in Maharashtra as a member of the Shiv Sena political party, he quit Shiv Sena and joined BJP on 9 November 2014. He represents Andhra Pradesh in the Rajya Sabha. Suresh Prabhu completed his school from Sharadashram Vidya Mandir, Mumbai, followed by a Bachelor in Commerce with Honours from M. L. Dahanukar College, Vile Parle, Mumbai, he received a Bachelor in Law degree from Mumbai. Prabhu is a member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, he was All India 11th rank holder in CA exam. Prabhu has held several government and semi government positions, which includes Chairmanship of Maharashtra State Finance Commission, Saraswat Co-operative Bank, Member of the Maharashtra Tourism Development Board, among others.
He is a part of 16 global organizations and 9 strategic dialogues which include: Global Water Partnership GLOBE, UK World Economic Forum Global Industries Council UN Advisor United Nations Development Program United Nations Industrial Development Organization Global Forum For Farmers, President Strategic Dialogues Coordinating Committee for International Voluntary Service Skolkovo Foundation Asia Energy Forum United Nations Committee of Biodiversity World Federation of UNESCOHe is a part of the Board of Advisors of India’s International Movement to Unite Nations IIMUN. He was, at various times during the Premiership of Atal Bihari Vajpayee of 1998 to 2004, Industry Minister, Minister of Environment and Forests, Minister of Fertilizers & Chemicals, Heavy Industry and Public Enterprises; as the Union Minister for Power, he won praise for his performance. As Minister of Power, Prabhu introduced major reforms in India's power sector, he is credited with championing and enacting The Electricity Act, 2003 and the reforms that created securitization of dues from the states.
He has been elected four times to the Lok Sabha, India's parliament, from Maharashtra since 1996. However, he lost his seat in the 2009 general election, he was Chairman of Task Force for Interlinking of Rivers with a status and rank of Union Cabinet Minister. He was elected a member of the World Bank parliamentary network and chaired the South Asia Water regional group of the World Bank. Asia week rated him as one of three future leaders of India; as a mark of protest against the cancellation of Narendra Modi's keynote address at the Wharton India Economic Forum 2013, he called off his own visit to the University. The NDA government under the leadership of Narendra Modi appointed him first as the head of a high-level panel on power revamp — "Advisory Group for Integrated Development of Power and Renewable Energy" in July 2014. In August 2014, he was appointed PM Modi's Sherpa. On 9 November 2014, he was sworn-in as Cabinet minister in Narendra Modi government, he was the Union Railway Minister of India from November 2014 to September 2017.
He offered his resignation from this position after a disastrous week in which 3 major accidents occurred, with over 300 total casualties. However, PM Modi refused instead transferring him to Civil Aviation, he is the incumbent minister of Commerce and Industry since September 2017. He was elected as Rajya Sabha member from the state of Andhra Pradesh on 3 June 2016, he took the charge as the Union Minister of Civil Aviation on the 10 March 2018 in the Narendra Modi government. He is married to Uma Prabhu, a journalist by profession. Suresh Prabhu resides in Delhi and is a native of Medha - Malvan Maharashtra. Suresh Prabhu received the Goud Saraswat Brahmin Samaj Maharatha Award on 18 August 2016, he has featured in the list of top five ministers in India from 2014 to 2017 in terms of both performance and accessibility in nation-wide surveys conducted by various institutions. Awarded'Indian of the Year 2017. Declared “Best Member of Parliament in 13th Lok Sabha” in April 2004 by Aaj Tak, a leading TV Channel in India.
Featured amongst top three Indian leaders of the future in the cover story, “Giant on the Move” of the Hong Kong based Asiaweek Magazine. Ranked as the 2nd best performing Minister in India Today’s report on the performance of key Ministers Of Govt. of India. "Students' Unrest" at the Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Mumbai. "Causes and Consequences of Mass Unemployment of Youths" at the Central Committee for International Voluntary Services, UNESCO, Paris. "Problems of Youth in Third World Countries" at CCIVS, Monrovia. "North-South Co-operation",paper read at an international seminar at New Delhi on behalf of Bharat Sevak Samaj. "Contribution of NGO's Towards Peace" - Asian Youth Seminar, New Delhi. Has published several columns on finance and economy in the daily "Mid Day" as well as articles in leading Marathi dailies, he has written extensively on socio-economic issues. Former Chairman, Saraswat Co-operation Bank.. Former Director, National Co-operative Union of India. Chairman, Manav Sadhan Vikas Sansthan, an NGO.
Former Chairman, Konkan Kala academy. Former Trustee, Mumbai Marathi Granth Sangrahalaya Former Chairman, Adult Education Institute. Former Chairman, Maharastra State Table Tennis Academy Trustee, Khar Residents Association. Former Trustee, Manavendra Charitable hospital. Former Trustee, IFFCO Foundation. Senior Vice-President, Table Ten
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport is an international airport serving the cities of Ahmedabad and Gandhinagar in Gujarat, India. The airport is located in 9 km north of central Ahmedabad, it is named after the 1st Deputy Prime Minister of India. In fiscal year 2017-18, it handled about 9.2 million passengers making it the eighth-busiest airport in terms of passenger traffic in India. The airport serves as a focus city for GoAir. In 2015, the government started the procedure for the privatization of the airport. New Dholera International Airport is being developed due to expansion constraints at the current airport, it was awarded as “Most improved airport” in Asia-Pacific region by the Airports Council International for 2017. The airport was set up in 1937, while international operations began on 26/01/1991, it was categorised as an International airport on 23 May 2000. In 2010, the new terminal 2 was inaugurated for handling international passengers. A 18-foot-tall statue of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was inaugurated at the airport.
In 2015, the AAI invited proposals for privatisation of Ahmedabad, Chennai and Jaipur airports. A 700 kWp rooftop solar plant was commissioned at the airport on 21 March 2017; the airport consists of four terminals: domestic, international, an additional terminal for secondary traffic and a cargo terminal as well. The airport has 45 parking bays and both the international and domestic terminals have four aero-bridges each; the new terminal has been modelled based on Singapore Changi Airport. The new terminal has a half-kilometre-long moving walkway. Airports Authority of India will construct a new technical block which will enhance the flight handling capacity and provide better control of flights; the airport has a single runway, 3,505 metres long. As part of the airport modernisation process, the AAI announced that it would construct a new air traffic control building that would include a new airport tower 65 metres in height. Terminal 1 has 32 check-in counters and has an area of 45,000 m2. In December 2018, a new Plaza Premium lounge was opened at Domestic Terminal 1, which caters for Priority Pass and other select bank cards as well as some business class passengers based on airline flown.
T2 was inaugurated on 4 July 2010 and opened for use on 15 September 2010. The terminal won the award for the best Steel Structure at the 2009 edition of the National Structural Steel Design and Construction Awards; the terminal has 32 check-in counters. With the total floor area of 41,000 sq. meters, this terminal will be able to accommodate around 1,600 passengers at any given time. In November 2018, a new Plaza Premium lounge was opened at International Departure area of Terminal 2, which caters for business class and first class passengers as well as passengers holding Priority Pass and other Bank card; the new 51,975-square-metre apron area can cater for the parking of nine A-321 and four ATR-72 type of aircraft. Terminal 3 will come up next to Terminal 1; the Terminal would be used for Domestic flights. The Foundation and construction work would begin in early 2019; the airport handled 51,637 tonnes of cargo, inclusive of gold and silver in 2013–14. Sixty percent of the cargo comes from domestic sources.
In 2009, 3,685 square metres of land was leased for a period of seven years out by the AAI to Gujarat Agro Industries Corporation to set up a center for perishable cargo. However, due to a government policy that prevented third-party operations at airports run by the AAI, the CPC was not in use until July 2014, when the minister of state for civil aviation announced that the government had issued a No Objection Certificate for commencement of operations. In 2014, it was announced that the airport would be getting a dedicated cargo terminal, expected to come up at Terminal 3. Indian Airlines Flight 113 operating from Mumbai to Ahmedabad crashed on its final approach to the airport on 19 October 1988, killing 130 people including all 6 crew members; the flight was cleared for a visual approach into a foggy airport, when it struck trees and a high-tension pylon at a distance of 5 km from Runway 23, before crashing into a field and bursting into flames. Jet Airways Flight 2510, coming in from Indore collapsed on the runway while landing at the airport on 22 July 2010.
There were four crew members on board the ATR flight. Some passengers received minor injuries as the nose wheel collapsed due to a tyre burst. Dholera International Airport Airports in India List of busiest airports in India by passenger traffic Media related to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport at Wikimedia Commons Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport Airport information for VAAH at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006
Rajiv Gandhi International Airport
Rajiv Gandhi International Airport is an international airport that serves Hyderabad, the capital of the Indian state of Telangana. It is located in Shamshabad, about 24 kilometres south of Hyderabad, it was opened on 23 March 2008 to replace Begumpet Airport it is named after Rajiv Gandhi, former Prime Minister of India. The airport has a cargo terminal and two runways. There are aviation training facilities, a fuel farm, a solar power plant and two MRO facilities; as of 2017, RGIA is the sixth busiest airport by passenger traffic in India. The airport served about 18.2 million passengers in fiscal year 2017–18. The airport serves as a hub for Air India Regional, Blue Dart Aviation, SpiceJet, Lufthansa Cargo, Quikjet Cargo, TruJet, as a focus city for IndiGo and Air India; the existing commercial airport, Begumpet Airport, was unable to handle rising passenger traffic. The State Government considered converting Hakimpet Air Force Station to civilian use; when the State proposed the construction of a new airport for the Air Force, the Ministry of Defence suggested the State consider sites south of Begumpet Airport.
By October 1998, the State had narrowed down to three possible locations for the new airport: Bongloor and Shamshabad. Due to its convenient location near two highways and a railway line, Shamshabad was selected in December 1998. In November 2000, the State Government and the Airports Authority of India signed a memorandum of understanding on the greenfield airport project, establishing it as a public–private partnership; the State and AAI together would hold a 26% stake in the project, while the remaining 74% would be allotted to private companies. Through a bidding process, a consortium consisting of GMR Group and Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad was chosen as the holder of the 74% stake. In December 2002, Hyderabad International Airport Ltd renamed GMR Hyderabad International Airport Limited, was created as a special purpose entity, into which the State, AAI and GMR–MAHB placed their stakes. In September 2003, the members of GHIAL signed a shareholders' agreement, as well as an agreement for state subsidy of over ₹400 crore.
A concession agreement between GHIAL and the Central Government was signed in December 2004, stipulating that no airport within a 150-kilometre radius of RGIA could be operated. Thus, the closure of Begumpet Airport was required. Construction began on 16 March 2005. Two days prior, the Central Government had named the airport after former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, who had undergone pilot training in Hyderabad; the naming resulted in opposition from the Telugu Desam Party. At Begumpet Airport, the international terminal was named after Rajiv Gandhi while the domestic terminal was named after TDP founder N. T. Rama Rao. However, the new airport has only one terminal. Three years after the foundation stone laying ceremony, the airport was inaugurated on 14 March 2008 amid protests; the Telugu Desam Party repeated its demand for the naming of the domestic terminal. In addition, on 12 and 13 March, 20,000 AAI employees had conducted a strike against the closure of Begumpet Airport, as well as that of HAL Airport in Bangalore, fearing they would lose their jobs.
RGIA was scheduled to open to commercial operations on 16 March 2008. Once the rates were reduced, the launch date was set for 23 March 2008. Although Lufthansa Flight 752 from Frankfurt was scheduled to be the first flight to land at RGIA, two SpiceJet flights landed earlier. However, the Lufthansa flight still received the planned ceremonial welcome upon its 12:25 am arrival. In September 2011, SpiceJet launched its regional hub at RGIA, using its new Bombardier Q400 aircraft; the airline, which chose Hyderabad due to its central location in the country, flies to several Tier-II and Tier-III cities from the airport. Regional airline TruJet too opened a hub at RGIA upon commencing operations in July 2015. In November 2014, the Ministry of Civil Aviation resolved that the domestic terminal of RGIA would be named after N. T. Rama Rao, resulting in protests from members of the Rajya Sabha. Airport officials remained unsure as to. RGIA is operated by GMR Hyderabad International Airport Ltd, a public -- private venture.
It is composed of public entities Airports Authority of India and the Government of Telangana, as well as a private consortium between GMR Group and Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad. Per the concession agreement between GHIAL and the Central Government, GHIAL has the right to operate the airport for 30 years, with the option to continue doing so for another 30 years; the airport has two runways: Runway 09L/27R: 3,707 by 45 metres. Runway 09R/27L: 4,260 by 60 metres, ILS equipped. Runway 09R/27L, the original and primary runway, is long enough to be able to receive the Airbus A380, the world's largest passenger aircraft. A taxiway, runway 09L/27R was inaugurated in February 2012, its shorter length and width allow it to handle smaller aircraft such as the Airbus A340 and Boeing 747. It is used when runway 09R/27L is undergoing maintenance, as air traffic to the airport rises it will be used more often. North of these runways are the three parking aprons: passenger terminal and MRO aprons; the passenger terminal apron contains parking stands on both the north and south sides of the terminal.
Flydubai Dubai Aviation Corporation, is a government-owned low-cost airline with its head office and flight operations in Terminal 2 of Dubai International Airport. The airline operates a total of 95 destinations, serving the Middle East, Africa and Europe from Dubai. In July 2008, the government of Dubai established the airline. Although flydubai is not part of The Emirates Group, Emirates supported flydubai during the initial establishing phase. On 14 July 2008 flydubai signed a firm order with American aircraft manufacturer Boeing at the Farnborough Air Show for 50 Boeing 737-800s with a total value of US$3.74 billion, with the option to change the order to the larger and longer range Boeing 737-900ER, according to the airline's demand. The first of these aircraft was delivered on 17 May 2009. Scheduled flights commenced on 1 June, with services to Beirut and Amman, Jordan. Since the route network has been expanded. On 13 February 2013, flydubai announced that it was in talks with Boeing and Airbus for a 50-aircraft order.
On 19 June 2013, the airline announced that it would be adding Business Class service to its flights. The Business class cabin would feature 12 seats between aisle and window, three-course meals, 12-inch televisions, a business class lounge, Italian leather seats to its offering in a bid to cater to business travellers in the emirate, access to more than 200 films, power outlets suitable for plugs from over 170 countries; the company was formed on 19 March 2008 as a venture by the Government of Dubai. The Government of Dubai owns Emirates Airlines. Though the airline did get some help from its sister airline it has been run independently since. There was an initial move of executives, but the major bulk of the hiring comes from outside the Emirates group; the CEO of the company is Ghaith Al-Ghaith. The chair of the company is Ahmed bin Saeed Al Maktoum, the chairman of the Emirates group. Flydubai operates out of Dubai and has its headquarters in Terminal 2 at Dubai International Airport in addition to some flights departing from Terminal 3.
Flydubai had intentions to operate from the new Al-Maktoum International Airport in the Dubai World Centre in Jebel Ali. Flydubai sets up its first ‘Indian Development Centre’ in Hyderabad; the centre leads flydubai’s IT and technology innovation which will focus on Passenger Service Systems. IDC will be a hub for software development and operations; the key trends for flydubai over recent years are shown below: As of May 2017, flydubai serves a total of 104 destinations. The airline has one hub and operates out of Terminal 2 of Dubai International Airport. However, to accommodate for the growing airline and the expansion of the national airline at DXB, flydubai began to operate flights out of Al-Maktoum International from 25 October 2015; the airline began with 70 flights per week to Amman, Chittagong, Kathmandu and Muscat from DWC. flydubai codeshares with the following airlines: As of December 2018, the flydubai fleet consists of the following aircraft: At the Farnborough Air Show in July 2008, the airline ordered 50 Boeing 737-800s valued at US$3.74 billion with substitution rights to convert its 737-800 orders to 737-900ERs in the future.
In November 2010, flydubai agreed a leaseback deal with Avolon on another four 737-800s. On 17 November 2013 at the Dubai Airshow and flydubai announced a commitment for about 100 Boeing 737 MAX 8s and 11 Boeing 737-800 Next Generation aircraft; this commitment was valued at about US$11.4 billion at list prices, making it the largest Boeing single-aisle airliner purchase in the Middle-East. On 6 January 2014, flydubai finalised its Boeing 737 MAX order; the order was finalised with an order for 75 Boeing 737 MAX 8s and 11 Boeing 737-800 Next Generation aircraft, along with the purchase rights for 25 more Boeing 737 MAX aircraft. This order is valued at US$8.8 billion at list prices. On 31 July 2017, flydubai took delivery of its first Boeing 737 MAX 8, making it the first airline in the Middle East to operate the type. At the November 2017 Dubai Air Show, Flydubai signed a landmark commitment for 175 Boeing 737 MAX aircraft and 50 purchase rights; this order for 225 aircraft is valued to be $27 billion at current list prices.
More than 50 of the first 175 airplanes will be the new 737 MAX 10, while the rest will be the 737 MAX 9 and additional 737 MAX 8s. This historic commitment represents the largest single-aisle jet purchase by a Middle East airline. On 21 December 2017, flydubai finalized its purchase of 175 Boeing 737 MAX airplanes in the largest single-aisle jet order in Middle East history first announced at the 2017 Dubai Air Show; the flydubai safety video features characters from the computer-animated Emirati television series Freej. The central character in the video is a flight attendant named Maya. Full meal service is provided on flights to Bangkok, Bratislava, Belgrade, Sofia, Zagreb & on the eastern African flights to Zanzibar, Dar es-Salaam, Kigali and Juba. Alcoholic beverages and additional snacks can be purchased. On other flights within the network, passengers can pre-book a hot meal, on flights over 3 hours and on shorter flights, a full menu of wraps and sandwiches is available. Purchases can be made from the personal touch screens in each seat.
Duty-free goods are sold on board, the selection changes every season. In June 2012 it was announ
Dehradun Airport known as Jolly Grant Airport is a International airport located about 30 km southeast of Dehradun, India. Nestled in the foothills of the Himalayas, the airport resumed commercial operations on 30 March 2008 after a runway extension to accommodate larger aircraft. A new terminal building was inaugurated in February 2009. Located 15 km from Rishikesh, 30 km from Haridwar, the airport allows easy access to the region, it is a 20 minutes drive to Rishikesh and 60 minutes to Haridwar and Dehradun. Jolly Grant airport is 36th busiest airport in India with annual passengers 1,124,937, it is known as the Air Gateway of Garhwal and plays an important role in the tourism of Uttarakhand. Jolly Grant is the name of the place located in district Dehradun. Jolly Grant is at a distance of 20 km from Dehradun City. Jolly Grant land was a'grant' given by the Shahs of Nepal to the British; the airport was constructed in 1974. Vayudoot operated scheduled services to New Delhi and Pantnagar from 1982 to 1995.
Air Deccan started flights between Dehradun and New Delhi in December 2004 and added a second daily flight from August 2006. The Airport Authority of India suspended flight operations at the airport from 1 March 2007 in order to execute its airport modernization plan; the runway was extended from 3,500 feet to 7,000 feet and broadened from 23 metres to 45 metres to enable the landing of narrow body jets like the Boeing 737 and the Airbus 320. A night landing system was installed and a new terminal building and ATC tower were constructed; the expansion work was expected to cost ₹720 million and was to be completed by the end of 2007. However, it took a few months more and scheduled flights resumed only in March 2008 with Air Deccan re-launching its flights. Jet Airways and Air India both launched their Delhi to Dehradun services on 28 January 2010, followed by SpiceJet in 2012. In mid-2016, Jet Airways launched daily nonstop Mumbai-Dehradun-Mumbai flights, and in mid-2017 They launched Dehradun-Srinagar-Dehradun-Mumbai non stop flight.
The New Domestic Terminal Building at Dehradun is a 4,200 square metre glass and steel structure with central air conditioning, central heating, a Flight Information Display System and CCTV surveillance systems. The Terminal has peak hour passenger handling capacity of 150 passengers and annual handling capacity of 122,000, it has 11 check-in counters, an X-ray baggage scanner, three security check booths in the Departures section and two baggage claim conveyor belts in the Arrivals section. Its adjoining airport apron can accommodate two Category'C’ type of aircraft. List of airports in India Jolly Grant Airport Airport information for VIDN at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006