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Chemical physics

Chemical physics is a subdiscipline of chemistry and physics that investigates physicochemical phenomena using techniques from atomic and molecular physics and condensed matter physics. While at the interface of physics and chemistry, chemical physics is distinct from physical chemistry in that it focuses more on the characteristic elements and theories of physics. Meanwhile, physical chemistry studies the physical nature of chemistry. Nonetheless, the distinction between the two fields is vague, scientists practice in both fields during the course of their research; the United States Department of Education defines chemical physics as "A program that focuses on the scientific study of structural phenomena combining the disciplines of physical chemistry and atomic/molecular physics. Includes instruction in heterogeneous structures and surface phenomena, quantum theory, mathematical physics and classical mechanics, chemical kinetics, laser physics." Chemical physicists probe the structure and dynamics of ions, free radicals, polymers and molecules.

Areas of study include the quantum mechanical behavior of chemical reactions, the process of solvation, inter- and intra-molecular energy flow, single entities such as quantum dots. Experimental chemical physicists use a variety of spectroscopic techniques to better understand hydrogen bonding, electron transfer, the formation and dissolution of chemical bonds, chemical reactions, the formation of nanoparticles. Theoretical chemical physicists create simulations of the molecular processes probed in these experiments to both explain results and guide future investigations; the goals of chemical physics research include understanding chemical structures and reactions at the quantum mechanical level, elucidating the structure and reactivity of gas phase ions and radicals, discovering accurate approximations to make the physics of chemical phenomena computationally accessible. Chemical physicists are looking for answers to such questions as: Can we experimentally test quantum mechanical predictions of the vibrations and rotations of simple molecules?

Or those of complex molecules? Can we develop more accurate methods for calculating the electronic structure and properties of molecules? Can we understand chemical reactions from first principles? Why do quantum dots start blinking after absorbing photons? How do chemical reactions take place? What is the step-by-step process that occurs when an isolated molecule becomes solvated? Or when a whole ensemble of molecules becomes solvated? Can we use the properties of negative ions to determine molecular structures, understand the dynamics of chemical reactions, or explain photodissociation? Why does a stream of soft x-rays knock enough electrons out of the atoms in a xenon cluster to cause the cluster to explode? Chemical Physics Letters Journal of Physical Chemistry A Journal of Physical Chemistry B Journal of Physical Chemistry C The Journal of Chemical Physics Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics Chemical Physics Intermolecular force Molecular dynamics Quantum chemistry Solid-state physics Surface science Van der Waals molecule

Craig Cutler

Craig Cutler is an American photographer. His editorial work has been featured in Newsweek, The New York Times Magazine, Bon Appetit, Best Life, Details and Men’s Journal, he has photographed ads for a wide range of clients, including Starbucks, Xbox 360, Mobil and Sprint. His photos were featured in the book International Harvester, McCormick, Navistar: Milestones in the Company That Helped Build America. In 2008, Cutler was selected for inclusion in the book American Photography 23, in 2009, he won a Graphis Gold Award. Cutler's work has been exhibited at Galerie-Atelier Beeld in the Hague. Cutler's first documentary film, "The Boxer," will premiere in November 2016 at three film festivals: DOC NYC, the Big Apple Film Festival, New York Short Film Festival; the subject of the short is 2015 National Men's Elite Boxing champion Chordale Booker and his success in the ring following legal issues and a judge's leniency to put him on probation rather than in prison. The film was awarded the Big Apple Film Festival's Best Short Documentary.

"Craig Cutler Just Keeps Shooting," PDN, May 2012. Collaborations with Mason Vickers Productions. Craig Cutler works featured on artnet. "Altpick Photographers Featured in American Photography 23," July 11, 2007. "Creative Ads Placed on Conveyor Belts," 2008. "Q&A: A Time Before Instantaneous," Communication Arts website, March 11, 2009. Official site "The Boxer" Official Film Site

H. Owen Reed

Herbert Owen Reed was an American composer and author. Reed was raised in rural Odessa, where his first exposure to music was his father's playing of the old-time fiddle. Reed was married twice, for nearly fifty years to Esther, he had two daughters, three step-children, fifteen grandchildren, twenty-two great-grandchildren. Reed was an avid world traveler. In addition to his childhood with musically inclined parents, he was attracted to the popular piano music of the 1920s, as well as his family's player piano, which played popular tunes, he studied piano with Odessa's only piano teacher, Mrs. Felts, who attempted to interest him in the music of Bach and Beethoven. In 1937 he enrolled at the Eastman School of Music, receiving a Ph. D. in composition in 1939. In 1942, at the Berkshire Music Center, Massachusetts, he studied composition with Bohuslav Martinů, contemporary music with Aaron Copland, Leonard Bernstein and Stanley Chappel. In the summer of 1947, he studied composition with Roy Harris at Colorado Springs and attended lessons with Arnold Schoenberg.

H. Owen Reed joined the faculty of Michigan State College in 1939, his career at MSU lasted for nearly 40 years. Reed retired from MSU in 1976. Upon his retirement, MSU granted the title of Professor Emeritus unto Reed. In addition to teaching courses on composition at MSU, Reed as a member of a faculty ensemble called the "Geriatric Six."Many of Reed's students have gone on to fame as composers and arrangers, including Loris Chobanian, Clare Fischer, David Gillingham, Adolphus Hailstork, David Maslanka. Just as Béla Bartók investigated the traditional music of Eastern Europe, North Africa, Turkey, using these as inspirations for his own original works, Reed devoted much study to the traditional music of North America. Many of his works feature material derived from the Mexican, Native American, Anglo-American and African American cultures, blended with contemporary idioms. Reed's music is published by G. Schirmer, Warner Brothers, Ballerbach Music, Harrock Hall Music, Triplo Press, Allyn & Bacon, Boosey & Hawkes, Edwin A. Fleisher, EMI Mills, Neil A. Kjos, Ludwig and H. O. Reed Music.

In addition to his compositions, Reed published eight books on the subjects of musical composition and music theory. His scores, recordings and other papers have been deposited in the Michigan State University Manuscript Collection, in the Special Collections Unit of the Michigan State University Libraries. 2004: The Composer's Voice: H. Owen Reed Anon. 2005. "H. Owen Reed Music". website. Accessed 12 November 2010. H O Reed Music Publications James, Richard S. 2001. "Reed, H Owen". The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell. London: Macmillan Publishers. Michigan State University Libraries. "H. Owen Reed Collection" Reed, H. Owen. 2009. "Welcome to the Home Page of H. OWEN REED, Composer Author Conductor". Michigan State University website. Accessed 12 November 2010. Steinke, Greg A. 2010. "Greg Steinke, biography Greg A. Steinke: Biography". Tierra Del Mar Music. Accessed 12 November 2010. Syler, James. 2001. "Interview with Dr. H. Owen Reed". Accessed 24 August 2009. CV, Biography, links H. Owen Reed Collection page from Michigan State University Manuscript Collection, Special Collections Unit, Michigan State University Libraries website. Berz, William L. 2004. "Considering H. Owen Reed. Tempo 59, no. 1: 22–24

Georgian National Academy of Sciences

The Georgian National Academy of Sciences is a main learned society of the Georgia. It was named Georgian SSR Academy of Sciences until November 1990; the Academy coordinates scientific research in Georgia and develops relationship with the academies and scientific centers of foreign countries. GNAS was established in Tbilisi; the founder Academicians of the Academy were Giorgi Akhvlediani, Ivane Beritashvili, Arnold Chikobava, Giorgi Chubinashvili, Simon Janashia, Alexander Janelidze, Korneli Kekelidze, Niko Ketskhoveli, Tarasi Kvaratskhelia, Niko Muskhelishvili, Ilia Vekua, Akaki Shanidze, Alexander Tvalchrelidze, Dimitri Uznadze, Kiriak Zavriev and Philip Zaitsev. Other notable members of the Academy include Ekvtime Takaishvili, Shalva Nutsubidze, Giorgi Tsereteli, Simon Kaukhchishvili, Konstantine Gamsakhurdia, Giorgi Melikishvili, Nikoloz Berdzenishvili, Revaz Dogonadze, Malkhaz Abdushelishvili, Guram Mchedlidze, Levan Chilashvili. Today, among the members of the Academy are well-known scientists Tamaz Gamkrelidze, David Muskhelishvili, Revaz Gamkrelidze, Simon Khechinashvili, George Nakhutsrishvili, Vladimer Papava, David Lordkipanidze, etc.

Presidents of the Georgian National Academy of Sciences: Niko Muskhelishvili, Ilia Vekua, Evgeni Kharadze, Albert Tavkhelidze, Tamaz V. Gamkrelidze. Since February, 2013 President of the Academy is Academician Giorgi Kvesitadze. Georgian scientific schools of mathematics, psychology, physiology, oriental studies, history, archaeology and paleobiology have won world recognition. GNAS is a National Scientific Associate of the International Council for Science. Among other science academies of Georgia are: the Abkhazian Regional Academy of Sciences, the Georgian Academy of Agrarian Sciences, the Georgian Academy of Bio-Medical Sciences. By the GNAS is recognized the Georgian National Section of Euroscience. Official website Georgian Electronic Scientific Journal Association of Modern Scientific Investigation Georgian National Section of Euroscience

Mt. Pleasant Military Academy

Mt. Pleasant Military Academy was established in 1814 for the purpose of providing in Ossining, New York a school of the first order, where young men might be prepared for college, or for active business life, where the influences thrown around the students should be such as to develop courteous and manly men. Money for the establishment of the school was raised by contributions from public spirited men of Westchester County, New York and elsewhere; the first contribution was made on November 13, 1813, up to August, 1831, the sum of $1,083.81 had been contributed. It would seem, that from the start the school had been self-sustaining; the first name on the list of contributors is that of Daniel D. Tompkins, Governor of the State of New York from 1807 to 1817 and Vice President of the United States from 1817 to 1825, it was characteristic of the man that in the midst of his herculean tasks as defender of the State during the second war with England, he could find time to devote some attention to the little school at Mount Pleasant.

It is said of Tompkins that he "did more than the Federal Government for the success of the operations on the Canada–US border, pledging his personal and official credit when the New York banks refused to lend money on the security of the U. S. Treasury notes without his endorsement, he advanced the means to maintain the military school at West Point, to continue the recruiting service in Connecticut, to pay the workmen that were employed in the manufacture of arms at Springfield". But he did not overlook the movement for better education in his native county. There is scant record of the conduct of the school from 1814 to 1820, but on March 24 of that year an act was passed in the Legislature of New York, incorporating Mount Pleasant Academy and from that time on have been preserved full and complete records of the school; the worthy aims of the school are quaintly set forth in an advertisement printed in the "New York Commercial Advertiser" for April 28, 1823, over the signature of General Aaron Ward, Secretary of the Board of Trustees and one of the original incorporators of the Academy.

General Ward says in part: "In this Seminary the academic year will commence the 1st of May next. The Trustees, respectfully beg leave to recommend it to the public, as an institution where youth are taught, by easy graduation, from the first rudiments of knowledge to the higher classics, sufficient to qualify them for admission into any of the American colleges, more for Columbia College, in the City of New York; the Academy is pleasantly situated on the banks of the Hudson, within 33 miles of the City of New York, in a healthy village, possessing many local advantages, among others a daily communication with the city, either by land or water. Today we need add little to these quaint words except to say that daily communication with the city has been replaced by an hourly train service, but the village boat still leaves its dock in the early morning, returning from the city with the lengthening shadows of evening. In 1824 application was made to the Legislature for financing aid for the Academy and an act was passed on the 17th of November of that year providing a fund which netted the school about $1,200.

On the 3rd day of April, 1827, a new charter was granted to the Academy by the Regents of the University of the State of New York and under that charter the school is directly responsible to the Department of Education of the State and is subject to the supervision of that department. The Principal is responsible to a Board of Trustees. By 1830 the school had outgrown its accommodations and the trustees began to plan for greater things; the old school property was sold and the land on which the school is now located was purchased. Again subscriptions were called for and this time the sum of $3,356.10 was pledged by friends of the school. In all there was raised for the school, by voluntary contributions, $4,439.91, during the ninety-six years of its existence, there was approved by the Legislature $1,200. All other funds for improvement and development have been derived from the legitimate revenues resulting from the careful and businesslike management of the school throughout its existence of a century.

This record is one of which any school might be proud. In 1833 the stone building, now known as Junior Hall, was erected, it is interesting to know that the money for this building was loaned to the school by the Hon. William Jay, son of Chief Justice Jay, himself, as well, a great jurist, a public spirited citizen and one of the best known and most respected men of his day. About this time a further, but unsuccessful, petition for assistance was made to the Legislature in which the following dignified and illuminating language was used: - "Your petitioners have, for a number of years past, been assiduously engaged in rearing and maintaining a literary institution that might aid the cause of Literature and Science in our favored country. Under the smiles of Providence, their academy has been rising and its pupils multiplying until the buildings heretofore occupied by the institution have become wholly inadequate to their comfortable accommodation." So the school went on with varying fortune until, with the entrance of Mr. C.

F. Maurice as Principal in 1845, it came to its own. Mr. Maurice evidently was a rare man and he gave to the school a distinctive atmosphere that it retains to this day. On March 1, 1860 Mr. Maurice withdrew, but was soon after elected a member of the Board of Trustees where he continued to serve the school faithfully and well for many years. In 1860 Messrs. Benjamin and Phelps were chosen princ

Garey Ingram

Garey Lamar Ingram was a Major League Baseball infielder and outfielder. Drafted by the Los Angeles Dodgers in the 44th round of the 1989 MLB amateur draft out of Middle Georgia College, Ingram spent many years in the Dodgers minor league system, he made his professional debut with the Bakersfield Dodgers in 1991, hitting.297 with 30 stolen bases during the 1991 season. From 1992 through 1994 he played with the Dodgers Double-A franchise in San Antonio. Ingram made his Major League Baseball debut with the Los Angeles Dodgers on May 15, 1994 as a defensive replacement against the San Diego Padres, his first career hit was a home run against Colorado Rockies pitcher Mike Munoz on May 19. He appeared in 26 games for the Dodgers that season, hitting.282 with 8 RBIs. He split the 1995 season between the Dodgers and AAA Albuquerque. Ingram missed most of the 1996 season due to an injury and spent 1997 with San Antonio and 1998 with Albuquerque before being picked up by the Boston Red Sox as a minor league free agent in 1999.

Spent two seasons with the Pawtucket Red Sox before he was released. Played independent ball in 2001 and spent 2002 with the Dodgers new AAA team, the Las Vegas 51s before retiring from baseball. After his retirement, he became a hitting coach in the Dodgers farm system. First with the GCL Dodgers in 2002 and with the South Georgia Waves and Columbus Catfish from 2003 to 2006. In 2007 and 2008 he was the hitting coach for the Great Lakes Loons in Single-A. During the 2009 season, he was the hitting coach for the Connecticut Defenders. After the completion of the season, Ingram was hired by the Atlanta Braves to serve in the same position for their AA Mississippi Braves. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference