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1. Geographic coordinate system – A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system used in geography that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation, to specify a location on a two-dimensional map requires a map projection. The invention of a coordinate system is generally credited to Eratosthenes of Cyrene. Ptolemy credited him with the adoption of longitude and latitude. Ptolemys 2nd-century Geography used the prime meridian but measured latitude from the equator instead. Mathematical cartography resumed in Europe following Maximus Planudes recovery of Ptolemys text a little before 1300, in 1884, the United States hosted the International Meridian Conference, attended by representatives from twenty-five nations. Twenty-two of them agreed to adopt the longitude of the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, the Dominican Republic voted against the motion, while France and Brazil abstained. France adopted Greenwich Mean Time in place of local determinations by the Paris Observatory in 1911, the latitude of a point on Earths surface is the angle between the equatorial plane and the straight line that passes through that point and through the center of the Earth. Lines joining points of the same latitude trace circles on the surface of Earth called parallels, as they are parallel to the equator, the north pole is 90° N, the south pole is 90° S. The 0° parallel of latitude is designated the equator, the plane of all geographic coordinate systems. The equator divides the globe into Northern and Southern Hemispheres, the longitude of a point on Earths surface is the angle east or west of a reference meridian to another meridian that passes through that point. All meridians are halves of great ellipses, which converge at the north and south poles, the prime meridian determines the proper Eastern and Western Hemispheres, although maps often divide these hemispheres further west in order to keep the Old World on a single side. The antipodal meridian of Greenwich is both 180°W and 180°E, the combination of these two components specifies the position of any location on the surface of Earth, without consideration of altitude or depth. The grid formed by lines of latitude and longitude is known as a graticule, the origin/zero point of this system is located in the Gulf of Guinea about 625 km south of Tema, Ghana. To completely specify a location of a feature on, in, or above Earth. Earth is not a sphere, but a shape approximating a biaxial ellipsoid. It is nearly spherical, but has an equatorial bulge making the radius at the equator about 0. 3% larger than the radius measured through the poles, the shorter axis approximately coincides with the axis of rotation

2. India – India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and it is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast. It shares land borders with Pakistan to the west, China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast, in the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives. Indias Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a border with Thailand. The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE, in the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium BCE, early political consolidations took place under the Maurya and Gupta empires, the later peninsular Middle Kingdoms influenced cultures as far as southeast Asia. In the medieval era, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived, much of the north fell to the Delhi sultanate, the south was united under the Vijayanagara Empire. The economy expanded in the 17th century in the Mughal empire, in the mid-18th century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, and in the mid-19th under British crown rule. A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which later, under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance, in 2015, the Indian economy was the worlds seventh largest by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity. Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the major economies and is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption, malnutrition, a nuclear weapons state and regional power, it has the third largest standing army in the world and ranks sixth in military expenditure among nations. India is a constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system. It is a pluralistic, multilingual and multi-ethnic society and is home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats. The name India is derived from Indus, which originates from the Old Persian word Hindu, the latter term stems from the Sanskrit word Sindhu, which was the historical local appellation for the Indus River. The ancient Greeks referred to the Indians as Indoi, which translates as The people of the Indus, the geographical term Bharat, which is recognised by the Constitution of India as an official name for the country, is used by many Indian languages in its variations. Scholars believe it to be named after the Vedic tribe of Bharatas in the second millennium B. C. E and it is also traditionally associated with the rule of the legendary emperor Bharata. Gaṇarājya is the Sanskrit/Hindi term for republic dating back to the ancient times, hindustan is a Persian name for India dating back to the 3rd century B. C. E. It was introduced into India by the Mughals and widely used since then and its meaning varied, referring to a region that encompassed northern India and Pakistan or India in its entirety

3. Kerala – Kerala historically known as Keralam, is an Indian state in South India on the Malabar Coast. It was formed on 1 November 1956 following the States Reorganisation Act by combining Malayalam-speaking regions, spread over 38,863 km2, it is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, and the Lakshadweep Sea to the west. With 33,387,677 inhabitants as per the 2011 Census, Malayalam is the most widely spoken language and is also the official language of the state. The region has been a prominent spice exporter since 3000 BCE, the Chera Dynasty was the first prominent kingdom based in Kerala, though it frequently struggled against attacks by the neighbouring Cholas and Pandyas. In the 15th century, the spice trade attracted Portuguese traders to Kerala, after independence, Travancore and Cochin joined the Republic of India and Travancore-Cochin was given the status of a state in 1949. In 1956, Kerala state was formed by merging Malabar district, Travancore-Cochin, Hinduism is practised by more than half of the population, followed by Islam and Christianity. The culture is a synthesis of Aryan and Dravidian cultures, developed over millennia, under influences from other parts of India, the production of pepper and natural rubber contributes significantly to the total national output. In the agricultural sector, coconut, tea, coffee, cashew, the states coastline extends for 595 kilometres, and around 1.1 million people in the state are dependent on the fishery industry which contributes 3% to the states income. The state has the highest media exposure in India with newspapers publishing in nine languages, mainly English, Kerala is one of the prominent tourist destinations of India, with backwaters, beaches, Ayurvedic tourism and tropical greenery as its major attractions. The name Kerala has an uncertain etymology, One popular theory derives Kerala from Kera and alam is land, thus land of coconuts, this also happens to be a nickname for the state due to abundance of coconut trees and its use by the locals. The word Kerala is first recorded in a 3rd-century BCE rock inscription left by the Maurya emperor Ashoka, the inscription refers to the local ruler as Keralaputra, or son of Chera. This contradicts the theory that Kera is from coconut tree, at that time, one of three states in the region was called Cheralam in Classical Tamil, Chera and Kera are variants of the same word. The word Cheral refers to the oldest known dynasty of Kerala kings and is derived from the Proto-Tamil-Malayalam word for lake, the earliest Sanskrit text to mention Kerala is the Aitareya Aranyaka of the Rigveda. It is also mentioned in the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, the two Hindu epics, the Skanda Purana mentions the ecclesiastical office of the Thachudaya Kaimal who is referred to as Manikkam Keralar, synonymous with the deity of the Koodalmanikyam temple. Keralam may stem from the Classical Tamil cherive-alam or chera alam, the Greco-Roman trade map Periplus Maris Erythraei refers to Keralaputra as Celobotra. According to Hindu mythology, the lands of Kerala were recovered from the sea by the warrior sage Parasurama. Parasurama threw his axe across the sea, and the water receded as far as it reached, according to legend, this new area of land extended from Gokarna to Kanyakumari. The land which rose from sea was filled with salt and unsuitable for habitation, so Parasurama invoked the Snake King Vasuki, out of respect, Vasuki and all snakes were appointed as protectors and guardians of the land

4. Thrissur district – Thrissur is a revenue district of Kerala situated in the central part of that state. Spanning an area of about 3,032 km2, Thrissur district is home to over 10% of Kerala’s population, Thrissur district was formed on July 1,1949, with the headquarters at Thrissur City. Thrissur is known as the capital of Kerala, and the land of Poorams. The district is famous for its ancient temples, churches, Thrissur Pooram is the most colourful and spectacular temple festival in Kerala. The district was formed on July 1,1949, the name Thrissur is derived from Thiru-Shiva-Perur, which translates to The city with the name of the Lord Siva. Thrissur was also known as Vrishabhadripuram and Then Kailasam in ancient days, from ancient times, Thrissur District has played a part in the political history of south India. The early political history of the District is interlinked with that of the Cheras of the Sangam age, the whole of the present Thrissur District was included in the early Chera Empire. The District can claim to have played a part in fostering the trade relations between Kerala and the world in the ancient and medieval period. Kodungalloor, which had the distinction of being the Primum Emporium India and these three communities are the Christians, the Jews and the Muslims. In 1790 Raja Rama Varma popularly known as Saktan Tampuran ascended the throne of Cochin, with the accession of this ruler the English or modern period in the history of Cochin and of the District began. Saktan Tampuran was mainly responsible for the destruction of the power of the feudal Nair chieftains, another force in the public life of Trichur and its suburbs was the Namboodithiri community and Menons of Royal ancestry. A large part of the Trichur Taluk was for long under the domination of the Yogiatiripppads, the wave of nationalism and political consciousness which swept through the country since the early decades of this century has its repercussions in the District as well. Thrissur District has been in the forefront of the movement for temple entry. The Guruvayur Satyagraha is an episode in the history of the national movement. According to the 2011 census Thrissur district has a population of 3,110,327 and this gives it a ranking of 113th in India. The district has a density of 1,026 inhabitants per square kilometre. Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 4. 58%, Thrissur has a sex ratio of 1109 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 95. 32%. Thrissur was also the second highest urbanized district in Kerala after Ernakulam, according to the 2001 India census, Thrissur District had a population of 2,975,440

5. Thrissur – It is also the headquarters of the Thrissur District. The City is built around a 65-acre hillock called the Thekkinkadu Maidan which seats the Vadakkumnathan temple, Thrissur was once the capital of the Kingdom of Cochin. It is located 300 kilometres towards north-west of the state capital Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur is also known as the Cultural Capital of Kerala because of its cultural, spiritual and religious leanings throughout history. It contains the Kerala Sangeetha Nadaka Academy, Kerala Lalithakala Akademi, the city hosts the Thrissur Pooram festival, the most colourful and spectacular temple festival in Kerala. The festival is held at the Thekkinkadu Maidan in April or May, Thrissur has historically been a centre of Hindu scholarship. The city has one of the most important temples of Hindu Shaivism, the district is also home of one of the most holiest Hindu Vaishnava temples, the Guruvayur temple. Christianity, Islam and Judaism entered into the Indian subcontinent through the Thrissur District, the works of scholars and Eastern Christian writings claim Thomas the Apostle to have set foot in Muziris near Thrissur 2,000 years ago. The countrys first mosque, Cheraman Juma Masjid, opened in AD629, Thrissur has opened the gates for Arabs, Romans, Portuguese, Dutch and English. The city has served as an incubator for many Malayali entrepreneurs and it flexes its economic muscle in India as the headquarters of three major scheduled banks, South Indian Bank Ltd, Catholic Syrian Bank and Dhanalakshmi Bank Ltd and a clutch of Chit funds. The city is also a big centre for shopping in Kerala for silks, Thrissur attracts the largest number of domestic tourists in Kerala. The name Thrissur is a form of Thiru-Shiva-Per-Ur literally translates to The City or Town with the name of the Lord Shiva. The name owes itself to the most prominent feature of the city, that is the Vadakkumnathan Temple, Thrissur was also known as Vrishabhadripuram Kailasam of the South) in ancient days. The Ramavarmapuram monument is in granite and is of the menhir type, the monument in Ramavarmapuram is 15 feet in height and 12 feet 4 inches wide. Since 1944, it has been protected by the Department of Archaeology, the monument is locally known as Padakkallu or Pulachikkallu. These menhirs are memorials put up at sites for the departed souls. They belong to the Megalithic Age of Kerala, which is estimated between 1000 BCE and 500 CE. All such monuments have not been dated exactly, some experts are of the view that these are the remnants of the Neolithic Age in the development of human technology. The Ramavarmapuram menhir is also believed to be a monument belonging to the Sangam period in the South Indian history, another monolithic monuments like Dolmens and rock-cut caves are at Porkulam, Chiramanengad, Eyyal, Kattakambal and Kakkad

6. Garbhagriha – Garbhagriha or Garbha gruha is the sanctum sanctorum, the innermost sanctum of a Hindu temple where resides the murti of the primary deity of the temple. Literally the word means womb chamber, from the Sanskrit words garbha for womb, only priests are allowed to enter this chamber. Although the term is associated with Hindu temples, it is also found in Jain. The Garbhagriha is located in a Hindu temple which is worshipped at by Hindus, in temples with a spire or vimana, this chamber is placed directly underneath it, and the two of them form the main vertical axis of the temple. These together may be understood to represent the axis of the world through Mount Meru, the garbha griham is usually also on the main horizontal axis of the temple which generally is an east–west axis. In those temples where there is also a cross-axis, the garbha gṛha is generally at their intersection, generally the garbhagriha is a windowless and sparsely lit chamber, intentionally created thus to focus the devotees mind on the tangible form of the divine within it. Entrance to the garbha grha may be restricted to priests who perform the services there, the inner garbhagriha or shrine became a separate structure, more elaborately adorned over time. More often garbhagriha is square and sits on a plinth, its location calculated to be a point of total equilibrium, in the centre is placed the image of the deity. But sometimes, for the temples of feminine deities, the garbagriha is rectangular, for example, in the temple of Varahi Deula in Chaurasi. The present structure of most of these temples is a vimana with a square garbhagriha and a surrounding circumambulatory path, an ardha-mandapa. George Michell, Monuments of India Temple architecture Parts of a North Indian Temple

7. Shiva – Shiva is one of the principal deities of Hinduism. He is the supreme God within Shaivism, one of the three most influential denominations in contemporary Hinduism, Shiva is the transformer within the Trimurti, the Hindu trinity that includes Brahma and Vishnu. In Shaivism tradition, Shiva is the Supreme being who creates, protects, in the goddess tradition of Hinduism called Shaktism, the goddess is described as supreme, yet Shiva is revered along with Vishnu and Brahma. A goddess is stated to be the energy and creative power of each and he is one of the five equivalent deities in Panchayatana puja of the Smarta tradition of Hinduism. At the highest level, Shiva is regarded as formless, limitless, transcendent and unchanging absolute Brahman, Shiva has many benevolent and fearsome depictions. In benevolent aspects, he is depicted as an omniscient Yogi who lives a life on Mount Kailash as well as a householder with wife Parvati. In his fierce aspects, he is depicted slaying demons. Shiva is also known as Adiyogi Shiva, regarded as the god of yoga, meditation. Shiva is usually worshipped in the form of Lingam. Shiva is a deity, revered widely by Hindus, in India, Nepal. The Sanskrit word Śiva means, states Monier Williams, auspicious, propitious, gracious, benign, kind, benevolent, the roots of Śiva in folk etymology is śī which means in whom all things lie, pervasiveness and va which means embodiment of grace. The word Shiva is used as an adjective in the Rig Veda, as an epithet for several Rigvedic deities, the term Shiva also connotes liberation, final emancipation and the auspicious one, this adjective sense of usage is addressed to many deities in Vedic layers of literature. The term evolved from the Vedic Rudra-Shiva to the noun Shiva in the Epics, Sharma presents another etymology with the Sanskrit root śarv-, which means to injure or to kill, interprets the name to connote one who can kill the forces of darkness. The Sanskrit word śaiva means relating to the god Shiva, and it is used as an adjective to characterize certain beliefs and practices, such as Shaivism. Some authors associate the name with the Tamil word śivappu meaning red, noting that Shiva is linked to the Sun, the Vishnu sahasranama interprets Shiva to have multiple meanings, The Pure One, and the One who is not affected by three Guṇas of Prakṛti. Shiva is known by names such Viswanathan, Mahadeva, Mahesha, Maheshvara, Shankara, Shambhu, Rudra, Hara, Trilochana, Devendra, Neelakanta, Subhankara, Trilokinatha. The highest reverence for Shiva in Shaivism is reflected in his epithets Mahādeva, Maheśvara, Sahasranama are medieval Indian texts that list a thousand names derived from aspects and epithets of a deity. There are at least eight different versions of the Shiva Sahasranama, the version appearing in Book 13 of the Mahabharata provides one such list

8. Hindu – Hindu refers to any person who regards themselves as culturally, ethnically, or religiously adhering to aspects of Hinduism. It has historically used as a geographical, cultural, or religious identifier for people indigenous to South Asia. The historical meaning of the term Hindu has evolved with time, by the 16th century, the term began to refer to residents of India who were not Turks or Muslims. The historical development of Hindu self-identity within the Indian population, in a religious or cultural sense, is unclear, competing theories state that Hindu identity developed in the British colonial era, or that it developed post-8th century CE after the Islamic invasion and medieval Hindu-Muslim wars. A sense of Hindu identity and the term Hindu appears in texts dated between the 13th and 18th century in Sanskrit and regional languages. The 14th- and 18th-century Indian poets such as Vidyapati, Kabir and Eknath used the phrase Hindu dharma, the Christian friar Sebastiao Manrique used the term Hindu in religious context in 1649. In the 18th century, the European merchants and colonists began to refer to the followers of Indian religions collectively as Hindus, in contrast to Mohamedans for Mughals, scholars state that the custom of distinguishing between Hindus, Buddhists, Jains and Sikhs is a modern phenomenon. Hindoo is a spelling variant, whose use today may be considered derogatory. At more than 1.03 billion, Hindus are the third largest group after Christians. The vast majority of Hindus, approximately 966 million, live in India, according to Indias 2011 census. After India, the next 9 countries with the largest Hindu populations are, in decreasing order, Nepal, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, United States, Malaysia, United Kingdom and Myanmar. These together accounted for 99% of the worlds Hindu population, the word Hindu is derived from the Indo-Aryan and Sanskrit word Sindhu, which means a large body of water, covering river, ocean. It was used as the name of the Indus river and also referred to its tributaries, the Punjab region, called Sapta Sindhava in the Vedas, is called Hapta Hindu in Zend Avesta. The 6th-century BCE inscription of Darius I mentions the province of Hidush, the people of India were referred to as Hinduvān and hindavī was used as the adjective for Indian in the 8th century text Chachnama. The term Hindu in these ancient records is an ethno-geographical term, the Arabic equivalent Al-Hind likewise referred to the country of India. Among the earliest known records of Hindu with connotations of religion may be in the 7th-century CE Chinese text Record of the Western Regions by the Buddhist scholar Xuanzang, Xuanzang uses the transliterated term In-tu whose connotation overflows in the religious according to Arvind Sharma. The Hindu community occurs as the amorphous Other of the Muslim community in the court chronicles, wilfred Cantwell Smith notes that Hindu retained its geographical reference initially, Indian, indigenous, local, virtually native. Slowly, the Indian groups themselves started using the term, differentiating themselves, the poet Vidyapatis poem Kirtilata contrasts the cultures of Hindus and Turks in a city and concludes The Hindus and the Turks live close together, Each makes fun of the others religion

9. Parashurama – Parashurama is the sixth avatar of Vishnu in Hinduism. He is the son of Renuka and one of the saptarishis and he lived during the last Treta and Dvapara Yugas and is one of the Chiranjivi of Hinduism. Parashurama, a Brahmin, received his famous axe after undertaking terrible penance to please Shiva, Parashurama is most known for ridding the world of kshatriyas twenty-one times over after the mighty king Kartavirya Arjuna, not the famous one of Mahabharata, killed his father. As per the Mahabharata, Parashurama single-handedly successfully conquered the entire world, Parashurama conducted hundreds of Ashvamedhas and gave away the entire earth he conquered as alms to sage Kashyapa. He plays important roles in the Mahabharata and Ramayana, serving as mentor to Bhishma, Parashurama and Indrajit are believed to be the only humans who ever possessed the three ultimate weapons, the Brahmanda astra, Vaishnava astra and Pashupatastra. Parashurama was a disciple of Shiva and learned the scriptures and the arts of warfare from Shiva and he then acquired celestial weapons from Shiva and the other gods on Shivas instructions. Shiva personally trained Parashurama for decades in the art of warfare. The Bhargavastra was his personal celestial weapon, Parashurama also fought back the advancing seas to save the lands of Konkan and Kerala. Parashurama is worshipped as mūlapuruṣa, or male ancestral founder by some Anavil, Dravidulu, Bhumihar, Tyagi, Chitpavan, along with the sages Vyasa, Kripa and Dronas son Ashwatthama, Parashurama is considered to be foremost among the rishis in the Kaliyuga. Parashurama will also become one of the saptarishi in the 8th Manvantara, Parashurama is a mighty Maharathi and he will reappear as the martial instructor of Vishnus 10th avatar Kalki. The word Parashurama is derived from two words parashu meaning axe and rama, so literally, the word Parashurama means Rama with an axe. Though a Brahmin by birth, Parashurama expressed unusual interest in weapons, afterwards, Parashurama devoted himself in serving his parents and brothers, helping Jamadagni to run his hermitage. According to the Brahmanda Purana, when Parashurama was a teenager, Jamadagni permitted his son and Parashurama visited Richika in his hermitage. Richika and his wife welcomed him and Parashurama stayed with them for a few months, serving them, curious about his ancestors, Parashurama went to the hermitage of Richikas father Aurva and a few months later, he went to Aurvas father, Chyavana. Parashurama was devoted to them and they too gave him knowledge, many months later, Chyavana told Parashurama to meet his own father, Sage Bhrigu, the very progenitor of the Bhargava race himself. With Chyavanas instructions, Parashurama was able to enter Bhrigus hermitage, Parashurama lived with Bhrigu for many months and Bhrigu trained his descendant in performing harsh penances. Lord Shiva was pleased with this, and appeared before him, Parashurama expressed his desire to obtain celestial weapons and skills in warfare from the God. Shiva told him that he would grant the boon only when Parashurama proved himself to be a worthy soul, Shiva told Parashurama to undertake a Tirtha Yatra or holy pilgrimage. After years of penances, Shiva was pleased with Parashuramas devotion, Shiva ordered Parashurama to slay the Daityas and Danavas who were the enemies of the Devas, to which the latter agreed

10. Alappuzha district – Alappuzha is one of the 14 districts in the state of Kerala in India. It was formed as Alleppey District on August 17,1957, the name of the district was officially changed to Alappuzha in 1990. The district is a known tourist destination and is well known for its Coir factories. Most of Keralas coir industries are situated in and around Alappuzha, the district is also known for its communist traditions. It is home to the Punnapra-Vayalar uprising against the British and also the revolt against the Feudal raj, Alappuzha is strongly connected by waterways to various other parts of Kerala, including the famous tourist destination, Kumarakom. The present town owes its existence to Raja Kesavadas in the half of the 18th century. Kuttanad, the bowl of Kerala, was well known from early in the Sangam period. History says Alappuzha had trade relations with ancient Greece and Rome in B. C. early members of the Chera dynasty had their home in Kuttanad and were called Kuttuvans. There is archaeological evidence of the period of the district, such as stone inscriptions and monuments, in temples and caves. The famous literary work of this period was Ascharya Choodamani a Sanskrit drama written by Sakthibhadra who was a scholar of Chengannur grammar and it is said that Sreekrishna Swami temple, at Ambalappuzha was constructed and the idol of Lord Krishna installed during that time. It is believed that Melpathur Narayana Bhattathiri, Neelakanta Deekshithar, in the 17th century the Portuguese power declined and the Dutch had a predominant position in the principalities of this district. The church located at Kokkamangalam or Kokkothamangalam was one of the seven churches founded by St. Thomas the Apostle, the picturesque CSI Christ Church in Alappuzha town was built in 1818 by the first CMS missionary to India, Rev. Thomas Norton. It was the first Anglican Church to be established in the state of Travancore. It was at that time Maharaja Marthandavarma, the ‘Maker of modern Travancore’ interfered in the affairs of those principalities. Marthandavarma Maharaja had a role in the internal progress of the district. The Krishnapuram Palace, which is now a monument of the State Archaeology Department, was constructed during that period. It was at time that the great and talented poet Kunjan Nambiar was installed in the court. He was known as the ‘Maker of modern Alleppey’ and played a key role in making Alappuzha a premier port town of Travancore, during the reign of Balaramavarma Maharaja, Velu Thampi Dalava took keen interest in the development of the town and port

11. Ambalappuzha Sri Krishna Temple – Ambalappuzha Sri Krishna Temple is a Hindu temple in Ambalappuzha, Alapuzha district of Kerala, in south India. The Ambalappuzha Sri Krishna Temple is believed to have built during 15th – 17th AD by the local ruler Chembakasserry Pooradam Thirunal-Devanarayanan Thampuran. The idol at Ambalapuzha is likened to Parthasarthi with a whip in the right hand and this temple is directly associated to the Guruvayoor Sree Krishna Temple. During the raids of Tipu Sultan in 1789, the idol of Sri Krishna from the Guruvayoor Temple was brought to the Ambalappuzha Temple for safe keeping, the payasam served in the Ambalappuzha Temple is famous among Hindu devotees. This sweet pudding made of rice and milk has an interesting mythological legend behind it. It is believed that Guruvayoorappan reaches here daily at the time of Palpayasa Nedyam to have it. According to the legend, God Krishna once appeared in the form of a sage in the court of the king who ruled the region, the king being a chess enthusiast himself gladly accepted the invitation. The prize had to be decided before the game and the king asked the sage to choose his prize in case he won. The sage told the king that he had a very modest claim and being a man of few material needs, the amount of rice itself shall be determined using the chess-board in the following manner. One grain of rice shall be placed in the first square, two grains in the square, four in the third square, eight in the fourth square, sixteen in 5th square. Every square will have double of its predecessor, upon hearing the demand, the king was unhappy since the sage requested only a few grains of rice instead of other riches from the kingdom which the king would have been happy to donate. He requested the sage to add items to his prize. So the game of chess started and needless to say the king lost the game and it was time to pay the sage his agreed-upon prize. As he started adding grains of rice to the chess board, by the 20th square, the number had reached one million grains of rice and by the 40th square, it became one million million. The royal granary soon ran out of grains of rice, the king realised that even if he provides all the rice in his kingdom and his adjacent kingdoms, he will never be able to fulfill the promised reward. Upon seeing the dilemma, the sage appeared to the king in his true-form and he told the King that he did not have to pay the debt immediately but could pay him over time. The king would serve paal-payasam in the temple freely to the every day until the debt was paid off. The Amabalapuzha Temple Festival was established during the fifteenth century A. D, at this time, a part of the Travancore, was ruled by the Chembakassery Devanarayana Dynasty. The rulers of this dynasty were highly religious and decided that an idol of Lord Krishna was to be brought to the Amabalapuzha Sree Krishna Swamy Temple from the Karinkulam temple

12. Manakkattu Devi Temple – Manakkattu Devi Temple is one of the most renowned temples in Kerala. The temple is located at Pallippad in Karthikappalli taluk of Alappuzha district in the south Indian state Kerala, the temple is situated about 4 km east of Harippad on Nangiarkulangara Mavelikkara road. Thekkummuri, Kottakkakam, Naduvattom and Thekkekkara kizhakku There are many Upadevathas adjacent to the temple, the main Upadevathas in the temple premises are, Yakshi Nagarajav Muhurthi Rekshas Vallyachan The Temple has a number of festivals. The important ones are In the numerous temples of Onattukara, the Parayeduppu period is the festival season and it all begins when the deity of Manakkattu Devi temple is taken out in procession for Parayeduppu on the Bharani star of the Malayalam month Makaram. The main part of Parayeduppu is the Jeevathaconstructed in the model of the structure itself. The rhythms used during Jeevatha Ezunnallathu are quite noteworthy, starting with very slow beats, it builds up a crescendo and ends in fast beats. The ensemble consists of Veekkan chenda, Uruttu chenda, Elathaalam, Kombu, Temple Website Facebook Page YouTube Videos

13. Chettikulangara Devi Temple – Chettikulangara Sree Bhagavathi temple is one of the most renowned Hindu temples in Kerala. Main deity Sree Bhadrakali, The temple is located at Chettikulangara in Mavelikkara taluk of Alappuzha district in the south Indian state of Kerala, the temple is situated about 4 kilometres west of Mavelikkara,7 kilometres north of Kayamkulam on SH6. Bhadrakali, is an incarnation of supreme mother Shakthi devi, born from the eye of Lord Shiva. Bhadra means good and Kali means goddess of time, so Bhadrakali is worshipped for prosperity and salvation. Devi is considered as the creator, protector, destructor, nature, power, Chettikulangara devi is the supreme mother goddess, Shakthi devi in Hinduism. The temple has 13 Karas, or territories, the temple is at the centre of the oldest four Karas and the rest of the Karas surround the temple, which is believed to be 1,200 years old. The Thantric rights of the temple belongs to Plackudy Illom, With its Tharavadu in Ambalapuzha, Plackudy is one among the ancient Thantric families of Kerala. Recently UNESCO collected details about the temple and its customs in order to examine whether the temple is eligible for inclusion in the UNESCO World Heritage List and this is the second largest temple in terms of income under the control of Travancore Devaswom Board, second only next to Sabarimala. It is estimated that the temple has earnings worth many crores per year, in 2009 it earned around 1.7 crore Rupees from a single type of offering called Chanthattam. A major part of the Nellu offered to the Bhagavathi is also used to make Appam, the income from the temple is also helpful to run the daily rituals and Poojas at various temples under the Travancore Devaswom Board. There are Similar Kettukazhcha at various temples in this onattukara Area, there are many popular beliefs related to the origin of Chettikulangara temple. The most popular one is as follows, many centuries ago, some local chieftains went to witness the annual festivities at the Koypallikarazhma Bhagavathi temple situated a few kilometers from Chettikulangara. The visitors were humiliated and ridiculed by the Koypallikarazhma temple authorities, perturbed by the humiliation, and out of retribution, they decided to construct a Bhagavathi temple at Chettikulangara. They embarked on a pilgrimage visiting various temples en route and reached Kodungallur and it is said that the Devi came in their dreams to say that she would soon come to Chettikulangara. The next day, they returned to Chettikulangara with a sacred sword given by the Velichappadu of Kodungallur temple. A few days later, while the kadathukaran of the nearby Karippuzha rivulet was winding up his work on a late evening, he heard an old woman requesting his help to ferry her to the other shore. He felt it was his duty to help this lonely lady, and decided to accompany her to Chettikulangara, on the way, they took rest beneath a wayside tree, and the Kadathukaran brought food for them from a nearby house. Soon he fell asleep, and when he woke up by early daybreak, aappindi will be embellished with crackers, pookkula, and will be covered with tender banana stems and Thalapppoli

14. Evoor Major Sri krishnaswamy temple – Evoor Major Srikrishnaswamy temple is a Krishna temple in Evoor near Kayamkulam, Alappuzha, Kerala. It is said to have originated five millennium ago following Khandava Dahanam, temple in its current form is built by Moolam Thirunal. Agni, after devouring clarified butter uninterrupted for twelve years from Swetakis Yagja, Lord Brahma advised him to consume the Khandava forest. The forest was abode to Takshaka, the Naga leader and friend of Indra, whenever Agni tried to consume the forest Indra, with his thundershowers, stopped him. Agni turned to Arjuna and Krishna for assistance, Agni armed Arjuna with the mighty bow Gandiva which rivalled Pinaka, the bow of Lord Shiva himself. When Arjuna and Krishna arrived at Khandava forest Kanva Maharishi approached them with a request to spare his Arca moorthy Krishna granted the request, Arjuna constructed a Sarakoodam to shelter Agni. Under the Sarakoodam Agni consumed the forest and was cured of the ailment, grateful, Agni, expressed his wish to install Arca moorthy in a new temple there to facilitate worship. As instructed by Sri Krishna, Arjuna fired an arrow to determine a location for the proposed temple. The place where the arrow landed was used to construct the new temple, Evoor is a corrupt form of Eythoor. Krishna performed Prana-Pratishta and Arjuna performed the first pooja, bhoothanathaswamy and Yakshi Amma were consecrated as the Sub Deities. The remains of burned trees in the locality and names of places, Karippuzha, Pathiyoor, Pandavarkavu, Mannarasala. About one and a century ago the temple burnt when the sanctum santorum caught fire. The idol was recovered from the burning temple, the then King Moolam Thirunal who was visiting Kashi had a vision in his dream asking him to reconstruct the temple. He returned right away and constructed a new temple, Evoor Bhagavan’s Deity is the unique Prayoga Chakra Prathishta. The idol of Sri Krishna is in the four armed Vishu form with Panchajanya Shankha, Sudarshana Chakra, the deity is furious form and Raktha-pushpanjali is a special offering here which is unavailable in Vishnu temples elsewhere. Ulsava in Evoor temple starts on first day of makara and continues for ten days, the Ultsava begins with the hosting of Garuda printed flag. The ulsava of days 6,7,8 are sponsored by three karas on at a time, on the ninth day there is Kala-kettu. The ulsava culminates with Aaraattu after that the flag is lowered and the deity proceeds to Pallikkuruppu

15. Haripad Sree Subrahmanya Swamy temple – The Sree Subrahmanya Swamy temple in Haripad is one of the oldest temples in Kerala. This temple dedicated to Subrahmanya Swamy is known as Dakshina Palani and it is believed that the temple was established even before the advent of Kaliyuga. It is believed that the idol has been used by Parasurama for Poojas and was left in Kandanalloor in Govindamuttom Backwaters from which it was recovered. It is said all the landlords of Eakachakra had vision regarding the idol in the sametime which led them to find the idol in Kayamkulam lake. The idol was brought ashore at Nelpurakadavu. In commemoration of retrieval of the idol Vigraha Labdhi Jalolsavam is conducted in Payippad river for three days, after Thiruvonam, legend has it that the idol was kept for public viewing for Ara Nazhika under a banyan tree that belonged to a Christian family, Tharakanmar. There still exist a small temple where the idol was kept known as “Ara Nazhika Ambalam”, the temple was consecrated on the Pushya star of Makara Masa. This day is celebrated as the day of the temple every year. It is believed that Lord Vishnu appeared as a saint to consecrate the temple, in Malayalam year 1096 the temple caught fire but the golden flag mast and the Koothambalam was saved from the fire. The temple was rebuilt during the reign of King Sree Chithira Thirunal Rama Varma. the presiding deity of the temple is Murugan in four armed form with Vel in one hand, Vajrayudha in another hand one hand bestowing blessing and the other toughing its thighs. The idol is about eight feet in height, the idol is believed to have presence of Vishnu, Shiva and Brahma. The idol faces East Beside the main deity there are other deities which include Dakshina Moorthy, Lord Ganesh, Thiruvambadi Kannan, Nāga, Shasta. It has golden flag mast on eastern side, the temples Sanctum sanctorum is round in shape. The temple compound also hosts a Koothambalam, peacocks, Murugans vahana, are protected and housed in the temple premises. Kerala with Lakshadweep Outlook traveller getaways

16. Kandiyoor Sree Mahadeva Temple – Kandiyoor Sree Mahadeva Temple is an ancient Shiva temple situated in Kandiyoor near Mavelikara on the banks of Achankovil River. Kandiyoor was once the capital of the Odanadu kingdom and it is one among the 108 great Shiva temples of ancient Kerala consecrated by Lord Parashurama himself. The temple is 1 kilometre west of Mavelikar town north of State Highway 6 and it is spread across an area of 7.5 acres. There are many associated with the temple. One such legend concerning the origin of the temple is related to Rishi Mrikandu father of Rishi Markandeya, according to the legend Marikandu got an idol of Lord Shiva in Kirathamoorthy form while bathing in Ganga. He heard an oracle that the idol be place in a holy, the Rishi searching for the apt location came to Kerala and ended up in the bank of Achankovil and established the temple in Kandiyoor. The name Kandiyoor is a corruption of Kandathil nalla uru, according to another legend the temple is located at the site where Lord Shiva cut off Lord Brahmas head. The name Kandiyoor comes from name of Shiva Sri Kantan and it is believed that Lord Parasurama renovated the temple and gave tanthrik rights to Tharananallur family. Kandiyoor and the temple has great significance in Keralss history, the Kandiyoor temple is the earliest temple about which there is an epigraph about its origin in A. D823 during the reign of Rajasekhara Varman. There was an era name Kandiyoorabdam from the formation of the temple that was in use until the introduction of Kollavarsham. It is also believed that the temple was once Hinayana Buddhist temple and King of Mavelikara ordered the removal of Buddha and it is also believed that it is this unseated Buddha that was retrieved from the paddy fields nearby and placed near the Mavelikara temple recently. Kandiyoor was annexed to Kayamkulam by Kayamkulam Rajah and later to Travancore by Marthanda Varma, the temple is mentioned in Unnuneeli Sandesam written around the 14th century. Kandiyur Mahadeva Shastrikal - a Sanskrit Scholar who wrote many Bhashyams for - Lalitha Sahasranamam, the primary deity of the temple is Lord Shiva known as Kandiyoorappan. The sanctum santorum is two tiered and there is a platform in the front for devotees, a feature that is of the Hoysala style, the bottom tier is oval in shape while the top tier is rectangular. The 10 feet Gajaprishta style wall is believed to be constructed by Shivas Bhothaganas, there are puranic legend stone scriptures in the temple. The primary deity, Kandiyoorappan, is believed to be in kirathamoorthy form, the deity worshipped as Dakshinamoorthy in the morning, Umamaheshwaran in the noon, Kirathamoorthy in the evening. Deity is worshipped as Panchmukha from South-West corner of Pradakshina Vazhy by viewing five Thazikakudams of Shiva temples, there are six Shivalinga Prathishtas in this temple

17. Kuttikattu Sree Bhadra Kali Devi Temple – Kuttikattu Sree Bhadra Kali Devi Temple is one of the Bhadrakali temples in Cherthala, Alappuzha district, Kerala. It is about 1 kilometer west of the Arthungal bypass of NH47 at Cherthala, Kunguma Khalasam is conducted on the first Sunday of every month, as per Malayalam calendar. This special Vazipadu is for people who wish to have children, wealth and prosperity, rahukala Naranga Vilakku is another major offering for settling marriage. It has been conducted every Friday, providing food for temple attendees on special days is regarded as quite benevolent. Prasadam Oottu is available on Prathishta days, day of Kunguma Kalasam, Bhagavatha Sapthaham days and these are sponsored by the Devaswom. Devotees can contribute through remittance at the temple counter, now there is a Prasadam Oottu on all Fridays. The temple is a centre of pilgrimage for devotees of serpent gods, the Sarpam Pattu is most pleasing of all poojas to the serpents. This holy ceremony has been conducted every year. Sarppam Pattu requires huge spending and manpower for many months, separate poojas are offered to the nine Nagas, Nagaraja, Sarppa Yakshi, Naga Yakshi, Naga Chamundi, Angu Thala Mani Nagam, Kuzhi Nagam, Kari Nagam, Mani Nagam and Para Nagam during these days. On the eastern side of the temple, songs are recited to please the serpents, the Pulluvan song is accompanied by the sounds from the little Veenas and the music of the Pulluva women playing on Kudam are a familiar sight at Kutti kkattu Devi Temple. Pulluva is a community of the Hindu religion, and they follow this form as their vocation. People with expertise in handling these instruments are even among the Pulluva community

18. Mannarasala Temple – Mannarasala Sree Nagaraja Temple is a very ancient and internationally known centre of pilgrimage for the devotees of serpent gods. The famous Nagaraja temple Mannarasala is nestled in a forest glade, the Mannarasala Temple has over 30,000 images of snakes along the paths and among the trees, and is the largest such temple in Kerala. The temple is located three kilometers to the north-east of the bus station in N. H.47 at Haripad. This history of Mannarasala has been mentioned in the Mandara Salodyam, Narayanan Namboodiri of the sacred family based on the accounts and legends handed down and old scriptures and books available with the temple. Lord Parashurama in order to release himself from the sin of killing Kshatriyas approached the holy Rishis and they suggested that he should make a gift of a land of his own to the Brahmins. Parashurama, the son of Bhrigu, propitiated Varuna to get land for himself. He threw into sea the Axe which Lord Shiva had given him with his blessings, thus he reclaimed the land from the sea and gave it as a gift to the Brahmins according to the rites. This land came to be known as Kerala and this piece of land, however was not habitable because of the salinity of the soil and as a result people began to leave the place. Parashurama set out with his disciples in search of a jungle in order to please Nagaraja. He found a place near the seashore in the southern part of Kerala. Satisfied with having found a place for the realization of his cherished dream. A pleased Nagaraja, appeared before Parashurama, willing to grant him his desire, according to the poem by Mannarasala M. G. Narayanan Namboodiri, the Nagaraja made his appearance as if, The unspeakable splendor of millions of moons. The bright magnificence of emeralds stuck to the hoods, golden jewels made attractive by miraculous embroidery. Lotus feet worshipped by crowds of Gods, brilliant beauty of form, full of youthfulness. Parasurama prostrated at the feet of Nagaraja and prayed to realize his objective. Nagaraja granted his request with great pleasure, ferocious serpents arrived at the spot at once to spread the flaming Kalakuda poison. Because of the percolation of poison, the land of Kerala was desalinated, parasurama then requested the Lord to bless the land forever with his eternal presence which was also accepted by the kindly-disposed Nagaraja. Parashurama installed, according to Vedic rites, Nagaraja, who is Brahma, Vishnu and Siva in one in the Thirthasthala filled with Mandara trees, (The installed deity here represents Anantha and Vasuki

19. Mullakkal Temple – Mullakkal Temple, Alleppey Mullakkal Temple in the south Indian city of Alappuzha, Kerala is a multi-faith place of worship. The temple is known as Mullakkal Rajarajeswari Temple, and Mullakkal Bhagwati Temple. The temple is accessible for devotes from all castes and religions, positioned on one of the main streets of Alleppey, “Mullakkal theruvu”, Mullakkal Rajarajeswari Temple is structured in old Kerala architectural style. Being surrounded by well-maintained wall and a pond inside, the premises has plenty of trees. There are several related to the origin of the temple. The idol placed on the shrine is of Durga Maa with four arms, the temple is run by Travancore Devaswom boards in Kerala. The shrine of the temple is called “Sanctum sanctorum” and it is an open roof shrine, at the entrance point of the temple, around 20 feet area is kept under roofing. According to convention and old custom this roofed place is used for keeping large elephants that bring the “thidambu” of the goddess on special occasions. There are other deities in the temple, they are Hanuman Swami, Lord Ganesha, Subramanya Swami, Nagaraja, Navagraha, Sree Krishna, there is banyan tree inside the premises where the lingam of Lord Shiva is also placed for darshana. The temple is estimated as almost 500 years old, plenty of stories are found allied to the origin of the temple. According to one story the idol of Mullakkal Devi” was brought here by a group of exiled soldiers from Thekkumkur territory, primarily they placed the idol in a jasmine garden. Later a temple was constructed in the garden by the patronage of King Devanarayana of Chembagasery. There is another story popularly known related to the foundation of the temple, later on the temple was established. Prior to 1961, the placed on the main shrine was of Mata Annapurneswari. As her temple was placed in a Jasmine Garden she was given the name Mullakkal Bhagawthy, the idol of Maa was found in the standing pose facing West digestion in the temple. In 1961 some incredible events took place, believers have reported that a mentally unbalanced person entered the sanctum sanctorum and all on a sudden embraced the idol. Afterward it was observed that some cracks had settled on the idol’s body, an astrologer predicted that the Goddess had instructed to create a fresh idol to be placed on the shrine instead of the old one. Accordingly, on 16 July 1962 a 4-feet tall Rajarajeswari idol was placed on the shrine replacing the old, later on the idol of Lord Krishna and serpent gods were included and placed on different shrines

20. Padanilam Parabrahma Temple – Padanilam Parabrahma Temple is situated at Padanilam in Alappuzha district of Kerala, India. It is one of the temples in erstwhile Travancore state. The temple is situated 17 km east of Kayamkulam and 7 km south west of Pandalam, the temple is dedicated to Lord Parabrahma, also known as omkaram. Padanilam Temple is believed to be swayambhu and its actual history and the facts about how worship started there are unknown. Padanilam has been the centre of Nooranad and it has the history of intense conflict between various karakal around the temple. This was for gaining control over the administration and thereby controlling the entire village. Due to this pada, the place is said to have got its name and it is believed that the army troops of Kayamkulam Kingdom was camped near the temple for protecting the kingdom from the attack of neighbouring kings. During this period, the village had some chieftains and their supporters and they include Noorukodi Unnithans, Kadackal Kuruppans, Vettathasaans and Vettadickal Kuruppans. Kayamkulam Raja withdrawed his troop about four centuries ago and this initiated tensions between the chieftains for control of the village. Thus they divided into south and north, starting battle, the south side consisted of Noorukodi Karuppans and Kadackal Kuruppans. The other side had Vettathasans and Vettadickal Kuruppans with them, twenty-two karakal supported their respective sides. During the battle, many soldiers of both the sides died in large numbers and they were buried in the chira near the temple. Even from very earliest of times, this temple was a blessing for the people in the surrounding areas and it is also believed that the battle was between Marthanda varma King on one side and Kayamkulam King on the other. The twenty-two karakals of Nooranad took side with the two kings, the common people started worrying about the devastation of the war and approached the Pazhoor Panamana Thampuran to find a solution to end the war. He tried to intervene but the parties were not in a position to stop and he made a tent in the eastern part of the temple and started fasting unto death. But that also did not deter the warring parties, but when he was on the verge of death due to the fast, they fearing the Brahmanasaapam, agreed to stop war. They demarcated the boundary in the direction and stopped the war in the name of Parabrahma. Sivarathri is the festival in the temple

21. Valiyakulangara Devi Temple – Valiyakulangara Devi Temple is located about 5 km from Haripad and 4 km from Thrikkunnappuzha. It is located 3 km from the National Waterway-3 as well as from the National Highway-47, the major festival is the Aswathi festival in Feb-March, famous for the Fireworks show and the Kettukaazcha. Kettukazhcha displays deftly sculpted and decorated forms of six temple cars known as Kuthiras, five Therus and icons of Bhima and Hanuman

22. Ernakulam district – Ernakulam is a district of Kerala, India situated in the central part of that state. Spanning an area of about 3,068 km2, Ernakulam district is home to over 12% of Kerala’s population and its headquarters is located at Kakkanad, a suburb of Kochi city. Ernakulam is known as the capital of Kerala. The district is famous for its ancient temples, churches, the district includes the largest metropolitan region of the state, Greater Cochin. Ernakulam district is the highest revenue yielding district in the state and it is the third most populous district in Kerala, after Malappuram and Thiruvananthapuram. Ernakulam district also hosts the highest number of international and domestic tourists in Kerala state, the language spoken in Ernakulam is Malayalam which is the mother-tongue of Kerala. English is widely used, especially in business circles, Ernakulam became Indias first district having 100 percent banking or full meaningful financial inclusion in 2012. The name Ernakulam is derived from Erayanarkulam which means the abode of Lord Shiva, Ernakulam was also known as Rishinagakulam in ancient days. From ancient times Ernakulam district has played a part in the history of south India. The Jews, Syrians, Arabs, Chinese, Dutch, British and Portuguese seafarers followed the sea route to Kingdom of Cochin, in 1896, the Maharaja of Cochin initiated local administration by forming a town council in Ernakulam. Initially Ernakulam districts headquarters was at Ernakulam, which gave the district its name, according to the 2011 census Ernakulam district has a population of 3,282,388, roughly equal to the nation of Mauritania or the US state of Iowa. This gives it a ranking of 104th in India, the district has a population density of 1,069 inhabitants per square kilometre. Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 5. 6%, Ernakulam has a sex ratio of 1028 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 95. 68%. This district is listed as the most advanced district in Kerala and it had a resident population of 3,105,798 as of 2001, excluding the huge commuter traffic from neighbouring districts. Hindus accounts for the largest community followed by Christians and Muslims, a small population of Jains, Jews and Sikhs are also residing in Kochi. Also, Ernakulam district has the highest number of Christian population in India, in addition to the major communities the Buddhists, the Jains, the Sikhs, and the Jews also form part of the cosmopolitan population. The ancestors of the Jews migrated from Jerusalem in 70 A. D. to India, now there are very few Jewish families in Cochin as most of them were converted to Syrian Christians, and the rest migrated to Israel in the 20th century. The 15. 7% of the population are Malayalam speaking Sunni Shafii Muslims, Ernakulam district covers an area of 3,068 km2 located on the Western Coastal Plains of India

23. Dakshina Mookambika Temple, North Paravur – The Dakshina Mookambika Temple is a famous Saraswati temple in the town of North Paravur in the Ernakulam district of Kerala. The presiding deity in temple is Saraswati and sub-deities are Ganapathy, Subrahmanyan, Mahavishnu, Yakshi. A shrine devoted to Yakshi is at the southwest corner, the sanctum sanctorum is in the midst of a lotus pool. According to legends, Thampuran of Paravur was a devotee of Goddess Mookambika. He used to visit the Kollur temple in Mangalore every year to pay homage to the goddess, when he became old, his health worsened and he could no longer undertake the long journey to Kollur. The goddess appeared to the sad devotee in a dream and ordered him to build her idol near his palace so that he can have darshan of her. Thampuran followed her instructions, built a temple at Paravur and installed the Goddess, the famous Navratri festival is celebrated here with great fervor. Thousands of people participate in the Navaratri music festival, thousands of little children are initiated into the world of letters by making them write the word harisree on rice, their tongues or sand with a golden ring. Apart from the Navratri festival, the annual festival is celebrated in the month of Makaram. The music festival and Vidyāraṃbhaṃ ceremony are the features of this festival

24. Chottanikkara Temple – The Chottanikkara Devi Temple is a famous temple of mother goddess Shakthi devi or Rajarajeshwari known as Sree Bhagavathi. Maha lakshmi is supposed to be residing in Chottanikkara along with Lord Vishnu, Sree Mahamaya Bhagawati, the goddess of power, is one of the most popular deities in Kerala and the supreme mother goddess in Hinduism. Supreme lord Shiva, Ganesh & Lord Dharmasastha is also worshiped at the temple, people suffering from mental illnesses & commonly visit the temple, as Chottanikkara devi is thought to cure her devotees. One should not miss the Guruthi Pooja in the Keezhkkaavu temple at Chottanikkara, Goddess keezhkkaavu devi is believed to be Bhadrakali, in her fierce form or ugra form. Bhadrakali, is a form of mother Kali, supposed to be born from the eye of lord Shiva. Guruthi pooja is a ritual done at late evening to invoke goddess Mahakali, earlier Guruthi Pooja was done only on Fridays. But nowadays, it is performed every day, mental diseases are believed to be totally cured by Keezhkkaavu Kali. Chottanikara Makam thozhal is the religious festival temple. The area in which the temple is situated was once a dense forest that was believed to be infested by yakshis, a tribesman named Kannappan used to live in this forest. He was a worshipper of Kali, and would ritually sacrifice a cow to her every Friday. One day, he found a black calf near the forest. He kidnapped the calf and took her to his altar, just before he sacrificed the calf, tribesmans daughter Manimanga stepped in and pleaded to him to stop the sacrifice. The man loved his daughter and thus let her keep the calf as a pet, unfortunately, Manimanga died some days later, possibly due to a snake bite. Kannappan broke into tears and decided to cremate her body, to his surprise, his daughters corpse disappeared. A nearby priest told him the reason for such an occurrence, Kannappan used to take young calves from their mothers. As punishment, he met the same fate when his daughter died, however, when the tribes man looked for the calf, he found two divine stones in its place. Since Kannappans death, the stones were forgotten, one day, a grass-cutter came to the forest to cut some wild grass. Since her knife was blunt, she sharpened it on what she thought was a big stone, only it was a stone, but then it started bleeding

25. Kurumbakkavu Bhagavathy Temple Edathala – Edathalas Sree Kurumbakkavu Bhagavathy Temple is in a village that is 8 km from Aluva Railway station and 20 km from Cochin international Airport. The Divine Mother known as Kurumbakavilamma is worshiped here as the main deity, apart from the main deity, the temple complex consists of a temple for Sastha, peedam for Nagas, Khandakarnan, Rakshas and Kshetrapalakan. Meena Bharani, the birthday of Kurumbakavilamma, is the most important festival of the temple and is celebrated on Bharani Nakshatram in the month of Meenam, the exact place of the temple is Kunjattukara. Temples of Kerala Edathala Sree Kurumbakkavu Bhagavathy Temple

26. Sree Bhavaneeswara Temple – Sree Bhavaneeswara Temple in Palluruthy, Kochi established by the great saint, sage and social reformer of India, Sree Narayana Guru on 8 March 1916. The temple is managed by Sree Dharma Paripalana Yogam which was founded in 1903 with the guidance, the main celebration at the temple is the Mahotsavam, for 11 days during February–March, every year. Sri Narayana Jayanthi and Sree Narayana Guru Samadhi day are two important days at the temple, swarna Dwaja Pratista Day is being observed every year on the day immediately preceding the Mahotsavam celebrations. Nava Graha Homam is being performed on all Sundays, annadhanam and Sampoorna Niramala is being sponsored by devotees on all Saturdays. Sree Narayana Guru Sree Narayana Dharma Sangham Sivagiri, Kerala Sree Narayana Dharma Paripalana Yogam Sree Dharma Paripalana Yogam Sree Dharma Paripalana Yogam Website

27. Sree Poornathrayeesa Temple – Sree Poornathrayesa temple is situated in Tripunithura, Kochi, the capital of the former Kingdom of Cochin. The temple is considered among the greatest temples in Kerala and was first among 8 royal temples of erstwhile Kochi Kingdom, the deity was also considered as National deity of Cochin and protector guardian of the town of Tripunithura. The temple is famous for its yearly Utsavams or festivals, the main one is the Vrishchikoltsawam, which is conducted every year in the month of Vrishchikam, kicking off the Ulsava Season in Kerala. And this Vrishchikolsavam is the biggest temple festival of Ernakulam District, the deity in this temple is Lord Vishnu who is in the form of Santhanagopala Murthy. It is well believed that childless couples will be blessed with children on praying Poornathrayesan, the ten children and the sacred idol were taken by Arjuna in his chariot and he handed over the children to the Brahmin. In memory of this event, a temple was built with a sanctum-sanctorum in the form of a chariot, Lord Ganesh was sent by Arjuna to search a holy place for the installation of Lord Vishnu. Earlier, the idol was kept in a palace which is situated at the west of the main temple, Lord Ganesh, who was attracted by the holiness of the ancient Vedic Village, Poornavedapuram, tried to occupy the place for himself. However, Arjuna pushed him away to the side of the sanctum. This is different from the custom, where Lord Ganesh has a separate shrine at the south-western side of the inner prakaram. As the place was bounded by fields, Arjuna used some mustard seeds to get oil for lighting lamp. You can see a Valia Vilakku situated in front of the idol, folks say that the burnt oil of this traditional lamp contains medicinal value. Legends reveal that Sree Poornathrayeesa is the brother of the Goddesses of Chottanikkara. It is also believed that the Lord was married to a Namboothiri girl, Nangema, during the annual temple festival occasions, deities from Perumthrikovil and Pishari kovil visit here for a combined procession. This is locally called as Sankara Narayana Vilakku and Laksmi Narayana Vilakku, the Aarattu of Sree Poornathrayeesa takes place at the temple pond of Chakkamkulangara Shiva Temple, which is situated north-east of the Sree Poornathrayeesa Temple. The temple is designed in accordance of Kerala temple architecture, a major fire occurred in 1920, which destroyed much of the original structure particularly the sanctum sanctorium which was built extensively in wood. This led to redesigning the temple with concrete structure, for the first time in Kerala, the first floor of the two-storied gopuram consists of a mandapam, and eight beautifully carved wooden pillars support the Mandapam. This festival usually starts in the November–December time frame every year, the festival lasts for 8 days, with events running 24/7. Events feature traditional folk art such as Ottanthullal, Kathakali, Thayambaka, Chenda melam

28. Thamaramkulangara Sree Dharma Sastha Temple – Thamaramkulangara Sree Dharma Sastha temple is one of the most prominent temple in the royal city of Tripunithura, Kerala, India. It is dedicated to Lord Ayyappa worshiped as Dharmasastha, according to anecdotes Lord Dharma Sastha of Chamravattom followed one of his priests from Morakkala Mana who had shifted to Tripunithura. Lord Dharma Sastha assumed the form of a lizard and came with the priest comfortably by sitting on his traditional umbrella made up of palm leaves, since then Lord Ayyappa is worshiped here bringing prosperity to the place. The temple was owned by Morakkala Mana, but the prosperity of family was challenged. The high priest finally approached the Maharajah of Cochin and handed the temple over to him in the 1930s, the King ordered the renovation of the temple and the Nithya Nidhanam was funded by Nadumittom Devasom. This state of affairs continued with minor changes until the Fall of the Kingdoms when India got Independence, again the temple affairs was in disarray. In 1953 the youth in and around the temple came together for the betterment of the temple, precincts and this movement strengthened up with time, involving in many activities. These people in 1963 formed the Thamaramkulangara Ayyapa Seva Samithy, TASS spearheaded a development campaign which drove a dramatic rise of the temple from obscurity to center stage of temple landscape in Ernakulam. In 1984 with others, the temple was transferred to Kerala Uranma Devaswom Board, besides Dharmasastha devotees also worship Lord Ganesha and Bhadrakali along with Nagaraja and Brahmasrakshas. Separate rituals and pooja is performed as required to these Upadevathas also, though the temple is owned by Uranma Devaswom Board, virtually all the affairs are managed by Thamaramkulangara Ayyappa Seva Samithy, a voluntary organization led by local people. TASS is involved in activities and celebrations like blood donation camps, awarding bright students. Makaravilakku, the festival of this temple, bears a unique status. As per the Malayalam era, the first day of the Makaram Month is celebrated as the Makaravilakku in the temple, Thamaramkulangara Ayyappa Seva Samithy organises the events of Makaravilakku in a way to keep the holiness of the temple precincts. The six days of celebrations begins with the Holy Flag hoisting by chief priest five days before the Makaravilakku day, Thamaramkulangara Sree Dharmasastha temple celebrates many festivals apart from Makaravilakku. Some of them are, Dwaja Prathishta Dinam is the anniversary of the erection of the Holy Flag Post in the temple and it is celebrated every year on Meenam 14th as per Malayalam calendar. Painguni Uthram is the birthday of Lord Sree Dharmasastha, Uthram star in the month of Meenam, as per Malayalam era is celebrated as Painguni Uthram. Vishu is celebrated on the first day of Medam as per Malayalam Calendar and this year it will be celebrated on Friday,14 April by conducting Maha Ganapathy Homam. The temple is decorated with flowers and traditional oil lamps in the last day of the Karkidakam month of the Malayalam calendar and this day is celebrated as the Karkidaka Niramala

29. Thrikkakara Temple – Thrikkakara Temple is one of the few temples in India dedicated to Lord Vamana. It is situated in Thrikkakara, a village panchayat near Kochi in the state of Kerala and it is located 10 km north east of Ernakulam between Thrissur-Ernakulam highway, Seaport-Airport Road, Cochin University of Science and Technology and Model Engineering College. The temple houses lithic records of historic significance, and it mention in many of the hymns sung by the Tamil Vaishnavite Alwars. It is the center of celebrations and place of origin for the popular Onam festival of Kerala, the temple is around two millennia old. It is also listed as one of the 108 Divya Desams, the main temple festival is during the Onam season, which falls on the month of August or September. The most important event of the calendar here is Onam. The Onasadya or the Onam feast is held in a manner in the temple with a large number of people cutting across religious barriers participating in it. In earlier times the Onam festival was organized by the 61 Naduvazhis under the leadership of the Maharaja of Travancore. Apart from Onam, the temple also observes important festivals in the Hindu calendar such as Vishu, Diwali, Makar Sankranti, Navrathri, the temple complex, which is enclosed in a large area in picturesque surroundings, holds the main sanctum dedicated to Lord Vamana. The sanctum sanctorum of the shrine houses the idol of Maha Vishnu. The idol is in the form of Lord Vamana preparing to place his foot on the Asura King Mahabali, Lord Parashurama is said to have established the temple. The temple also houses records containing the earliest mention of the celebration of the Onam festival dating to 861 A. D, the temple is under the administration of the Travancore Devaswom Board. The sub-deities of Vamana temple are Bhagavati, Sasthavu, Gopalakrishna, Nāga, Brahmarakshasa, the Brahmarakshasa shrine is located in the outer complex, along with a Banyan-tree god and the Sarpa Kavu. Surrounding the inner walls is a series of thousands of lamps called Chuttuvilakku which translates to surrounding lamps. There are two associated with the temple. One is the Kapilatheertham located closer to the temple on the Northern side of the sanctum sanctorum, the other pond is located on the Northern side outside the temple walls, and is used regularly during the Aaraattu ceremonial bath of the idol during Onam celebrations. There is also a Shiva temple beside the main Vamanamoorthy temple and it houses idols of the deities Shiva, Ganesha, Karthikeya and Durga. Not much is known about the age and origin of the Shiva temple except that it underwent renovation around a hundred years ago

30. Idukki district – Idukki is one of the 14 districts of Kerala state, India, created on 26 January 1972. At that time, the headquarters was at Kottayam. In June 1976 it was moved to Painavu, Idukki which lies in the Western Ghats of Kerala. Idukki is the second largest district in area but has the lowest population density, Idukki has a vast forest reserve area, more than a half of the district is covered by forests. The urban areas are densely populated villages are sparsely populated. The name of the district is derived from the Malayalam word Idukku, Idukki has an area of 4,358 km2 and is the second largest District of Kerala. Rugged mountains and forests cover about 97 percent of the area of the District. The district is only by road. Rail and airlink is not available, National Highway NH49 and State highways 13 and 33 passes through the district. Anamudi, the highest peak in India south of the Himalayas, is in the Kuttampuzha Panchayat of Adimali Block, thirteen other peaks in the district exceed a height of 2,000 m. The Periyar, Thodupuzhayar and Thalayar are the important rivers of the district, Idukki Dam, Asias largest Arch Dam is located at Idukki Township of Idukki Taluk. The point where the Periyar flows through the gorge formed between two massive rocks known as Kuravan and Kurathi is the site of the Idukki arch dam. The Idukki Hydroelectic project caters for more than 60% of the requirements of the state of Kerala. According to the 2011 census Idukki district has a population of 1,107,453 and this ranks it as 416th among the 640 districts of India. The district has a density of 254 inhabitants per square kilometre. Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was −1. 93%, Idukki has a sex ratio of 1006 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 92.2 per cent. According to the 2011 census, Hindus make up 48, 86% of the population, Christians 43. 42%, Muslims 7. 41%. Idukki district is the first district in India to get connected with super-fast broad band system as a part of Digital India Munnar was the resort of the British Government in the south

31. Kannur district – Kannur District is one of the 14 districts along the west coast in the state of Kerala, India. The town of Kannur is the headquarters and gives the district its name. The old name, Cannanore is the form of the Malayalam name Kannur. Kannur district is bounded by Kasaragod District to the north, Kozhikode district to the south, to the east the district is bounded by the Western Ghats, which forms the border with the state of Karnataka. The Arabian Sea lies to the west, the district was established in 1957. Kannur is the sixth-most urbanized district in Kerala, with more than 50% of its residents living in urban areas, Kannur has an urban population of 1,212,898, which is the second largest in Kerala after Ernakulam district. Kannur District is known as the land of looms and lores, because of the loom industries, the district is a major centre of Theyyam, a ritual dance of northern Kerala. Small shrines known as kavus, associated with the Theyyam, dot the district, the proposed Kannur International Airport will be the fourth international airport in Kerala and is situated in Mattannur, 26-km away from Kannur. There are many myths and legends associated with the name Kannur and it is said to be a portmanteau derived from two Malayalam words, ‘Kannan’, and ‘Ur’, making it the place of Lord Krishna. One theory supporting this theory is that the deity of the Kadalayi Srikrishna Temple was originally installed in a shrine at Kadalayi Kotta in the part of the present Kannur town. During the British Raj, the city was known as Cannanore, Kannur was an important trading center in the 12th century with active business connections with Persia and Arabia. It served as the British military headquarters on Indias west coast until 1887, in conjunction with her sister city, Tellicherry, it was the third largest city on the western coast of British India in the 18th century after Bombay and Karachi. St. Angelo Fort was built in 1505 by Dom Francisco de Almeida and they modernised the fort and built the bastions Hollandia, Zeelandia and Frieslandia that are the major features of the present structure. The original Portuguese fort was pulled down later, a painting of this fort and the fishing ferry behind it can be seen in the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam. The Dutch sold the fort to king Ali Raja of Arakkal in 1772, the British conquered it in 1790 and used it as one of their major military stations on the Malabar Coast. During the 17th century, Kannur was the city of the only Muslim Sultanate in the malabar region. During the British Raj, Kannur was part of the Madras province in the North Malabar District, the guerrilla war by Pazhassi Raja, the ruler of Kottayam province, against the British had a huge impact in the history of Kannur. Changes in the socio-economic and political sectors in Kerala during the decades of 20th century created conditions congenial for the growth of the Communist Party

32. Aroli – Aroli is a village of Pappinisseri Panchayat in Kannur district in the Indian state of Kerala. This village is located completely on hilltop towards Northeast of Kalliasseri, Aroli village borders the villages of Pappinisseri, Kalliasseri and Anthoor, the Valapattanam River and NH-17 in Kannur District of North Malabar region in Kerala. Aroli is located at 11. 98°N75. 39°E﻿ /11.98,75.39 and it has an average elevation of 1 metres. According to the 2001 India census, Aroli had a population of 5,537, in ancient days, the area of Aroli was full of Arali flowers. The name Aroli is believed to have gained by this place due to the thick growth of this flower. During Kolathiri, Aroli was under reign of Nayanars of Kalliasseri, along with others, Tippu Sultan, during his invasion to North Malabar destroyed monuments and temples of Aroli too. During the rule of British this place was under Chirakkal Taluk of Malabar District in Madras Presidency, presently this is a village of Pappinisseri Panchayat in Kannur District of Kerala. This temple have a speciality that this is the temple in Kerala having Ashtadhala Sreekovil. The temple is built on top of hill which looks like a mountain. The temple is under Chirakkal Devaswom Board, Mankkadavu Juma Masjid is a very famous Mosque among North Malabar Muslim society. The Mosque is at Mankkadavu on Aroli-Parassinikkadavu road, around 16 km from Kannur,12 km, Pappinisseri is the nearest rail head. Kozhikode Airport is the nearest airport, Kannur Airport is under construction near Mattannur. Keecheri Paalottu Kavuis a very famous Temple of Aroli, thousands of people from neighbouring villages also participates in the Annual Vishu Vilakkulsam of this Temple. This Temple is situated near Keecheri on NH-17, around 13 km from Kannur,11 km, kozhakkat Chuzhali Bhagawathy kshethram is a very famous Temple of Aroli. It is taken care by the members of kozhakkat tharavad, mahanavami is the main festival in this temple with poojaas on all the 9 days. Pappinisseri is the nearest rail head, kozhikode Airport is the nearest airport. Kannur Airport is under construction near Mattannur, the national highway passes through Dharmashala junction. Mangalore and Mumbai can be accessed on the side and Cochin

33. Azhikode and Azhikkal – Azhikode is a coastal village situated in Kannur district of Kerala, south India. The northern end of the village is called Azhikkal, the place is the birthplace of Sukumar Azhikode, an influential thinker and literary critic. It is about 5 km from Kannur, villages like Alavil, Manal, Chirakkal, Puthiyatheru and Valapattanam are connected to Azhikode. Vankulathvayal is one of largest commercial centre in azhikode, pin code of Azhikode is 670009 It is also the birthplace of famous personalities like Sukumar Azhikode and Shihabbuddin Poythumkadavu. Azhikode has large number of temples and mosques and is connected with roads. Valapattanam Railway Station is the nearest railway station, azhicode assembly constituency is part of Kannur. Azhikkal estuary is the end of Azhikod village. The place has a port and a fishing harbour. It is the site for an expanded cargo port. The Valapattanam River empties into the Arabian Sea at Azhikkal, the Indian Coast Guard Academy is under construction at Irinave, near to Azhikkal

34. Chenankavu – The Chenankavu temple is a famous Bhagavathi temple in Kerala, located in Korom village, Payyanur, in north Kerala. This temple is renowned for its two annual festivals, Vishu Maholsavam and Saptaham Vayana, both held concurrently in the first half of April each year, temples of Kerala Navaratri aghosham is held every year. Valiya guruthi is the important vazhipadu of Chenankavu Temple, Perunthanniyuur temple, dedicated to Sri Subramanya, is only one mile away to the south-west of this temple. Perunthaniiyuur, meaning a place with abundance, is to the east of temple town of Payyanur. The famous Payyanur Sri Subramanya Swami temple idol was brought from Perunthanniyuur temple and it was established by a Tamil saint. According to Deava Prashna conducted by the authority, with the help of renowned astrologer of nearby Payyanur. Chithrabhanu K Poduval, there existed a worship spot for Naga, the Naga Prathishta was destroyed by time

India [videos]
India, officially the Republic of India (Bhārat Gaṇarājya), is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest
Paintings at the Ajanta Caves in Aurangabad, Maharashtra, 6th century
The granite tower of Brihadeeswarar Temple in Thanjavur was completed in 1010 CE by Raja Raja Chola I.
Writing the will and testament of the Mughal king court in Persian, 1590–1595
The British Indian Empire, from the 1909 edition of The Imperial Gazetteer of India. Areas directly governed by the British are shaded pink; the princely states under British suzerainty are in yellow.
Kerala [videos]
Kerala , historically known as Keralam, is an Indian state in South India on the Malabar Coast. It was formed on 1
Parasurama, surrounded by settlers, commanding Varuna (the Hindu God of water) to part the seas and reveal Kerala
A dolmen erected by Neolithic people in Marayur
Tharisapalli plates granted to Saint Thomas Christians testify that merchant guilds and trade corporations played a very significant role in the economy and social life during the Kulasekhara period.
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Thrissur (also Trichur, Trissur) is a revenue district of Kerala situated in the central part of that state. Spanning
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Thrissur pronunciation (originally Thiru Siva Peroor and previously known by its anglicised form as Trichur, is the
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Shiva (Sanskrit: शिव, IAST: Śiva, lit. the auspicious one) is one of the principal deities of Hinduism. He is the
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Parashurama (Sanskrit: परशुराम, IAST: Paraśurāma, lit. Rama with an axe) is the sixth avatar of Vishnu in Hinduism.
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Alappuzha (pronunciation ) is one of the 14 districts in the state of Kerala in India. It was formed as Alleppey
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Idukki is one of the 14 districts of Kerala state, India, created on 26 January 1972. At that time, the district
the highest peak in south India
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Cherukunnu is a census town in the Kannur district of North Malabar region in the Indian state of Kerala. — Demographics...
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Pappinisseri is a census town in Kannur district in the Indian state of Kerala. Pappinisseri Panchayat comprises two
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Image: Mangroves park pappinisseri 10
Iritty [videos]
Iritty is a Municipality and a taluk in the district of Kannur in the state of Kerala, India. The town is the main
View of Iritty Bridge built in 1933
A heliCam view of Iritty
Iritty Bridge Built in 1933
A view of Iritty Bridge
Kottiyoor Temple [videos]
Kottiyoor Temple is a prominent Shiva temple in Kerala. Vadakkeshwaram Temple is the common name of the temple from
Festival time
Ikkare Kottiyoor
Bubble vendor
Temple tree
Kalarivathukkal Temple [videos]
Kalarivathukkal Bhagavathy Temple, Bhadrakali Shrine located near Valapattanam river, is the family shrine of Chirakkal
Kalarivathukkal Bhagavathy Kshetram
Image: Adjusting the ornaments of Kalarivathukkal Bhagavathi
Image: Theyyam blessing the devotees
Image: Parassinikkadavu Valapattam River
Haripad Sree Subrahmanya Swamy temple [videos]
The Sree Subrahmanya Swamy temple in Haripad is one of the oldest temples in Kerala. This temple dedicated to
Image: Haripad Subrahmanya swami Temple
Main entrance to the temple
Koothambalam in Haripad Sree Subrahmanya Swamy temple
Madayi Kavu [videos]
Thiruvarkadu Bhagavathi Temple (a.k.a. Madayi Kavu) is the mother temple of all Bhadrakali shrines of North Kerala. The
The Arayal Thara in front of Tiruvarkad Bhagavathy Temple (Madayi Kavu). Arayal in Malayalam is synonymous to Bodhi Tree or Pippallam
Tiruvarkkadu Bhagavathy Temple
Saraswathi Mandapam
Irikkur [videos]
Irikkur is a town in Kannur District of Kerala state, south India. — History — Irikkur has historic and commercial
Irikkur Juma Masjidh is riverside prayer facility
Onam Celebration at Blathur
Irikkur
Garbhagriha [videos]
Garbhagriha or Garbha gruha (garbha gṛha) (Sanskrit: गर्भगृह) is the sanctum sanctorum, the innermost sanctum of a
Devotees offering prayers at the Garbhagriha in Chennakesava Temple at Belur, which houses the icon of the god Vishnu.
Garbhagriha at Pattadakal with the Lingam icon of the god Shiva.
Thamaramkulangara Sree Dharma Sastha Temple [videos]
Thamaramkulangara Sree Dharma Sastha temple (Malayalam: താമരംകുളങ്ങര ശ്രി ധര്‍മശാസ്താ ക്ഷേത്രം) is one of the most
Swami Saranam
Morning Sheeveli
Thottada [videos]
Thottada Beach is situated on Kannur-Tellichery highway 8 km away from Kannur Railway station in Kannur District
CoronadoBeach
Thottada
Kalliasseri [videos]
Kalliasseri (Malayalam: കല്ല്യാശ്ശേരി) is a census town in Kannur district in the Indian state of Kerala. Kalliaseri
Kalliasseri
Keecheri Kunnu
Oorpazhachi Kavu [videos]
Sree Oorpazhachi Kavu is a prominent Hindu temple in the Edakkad grama panchayat, a grama panchayats in Kannur District
Oorpazhachi Kavu, Edakkad, Kannur
Vellattom ritual being performed by the Peruvannan near the Thondachan shrine at Melekottam within the temple
Karthyayani Devi Temple, Cherthala [videos]
Karthyayani Devi Temple, Cherthala is a famous Hindu temple located at Cherthala. Iratti and Thadi are the famous
Image: Cherthala Devi temple 1
Evoor Major Sri krishnaswamy temple [videos]
Evoor Major Srikrishnaswamy temple is a Krishna temple in Evoor near Kayamkulam, Alappuzha, Kerala. It is said to have
Image: Evoor temple
Kandiyoor Sree Mahadeva Temple [videos]
Kandiyoor Sree Mahadeva Temple is an ancient Shiva temple situated in Kandiyoor near Mavelikkara on the banks of
Image: Kandiyur Siva Temple Tower
Mannarasala Temple [videos]
Mannarasala Sree Nagaraja Temple(Malayalam: മണണാറശ്ശാല ശ്രീ നാഗരാജാക്ഷേത്രം) is a very ancient and internationally
Image: Mannarasala temple
Mullakkal Temple [videos]
Mullakkal Temple, Alleppey Mullakkal Temple in the south Indian city of Alappuzha, Kerala is a multi-faith place of
Mullakkal Temple Alappuzha
Valiyakulangara Devi Temple [videos]
Valiyakulangara Devi Temple is located about 5 km from Haripad and 4 km from Thrikkunnappuzha. It is located 3 km from
One of the kettukazhcha's at Aswathi festival
Dakshina Mookambika Temple, North Paravur [videos]
The Dakshina Mookambika Temple is a famous Saraswati temple in the town of North Paravur in the Ernakulam district of
Lotus pool inside the temple
Chottanikkara Temple [videos]
The Chottanikkara (correction of Jyotiannakkara) Devi Temple (Malayalam: ചോറ്റാനിക്കര ഭഗവതി ക്ഷേത്രം) is a famous
Chottanikkara Temple
Kurumbakkavu Bhagavathy Temple Edathala [videos]
Edathala's Sree Kurumbakkavu Bhagavathy Temple is in a village that is 8 km from Aluva Railway station and 20 km from
Sree Kurumbakkavu Bhagavathi Temple side view
Sree Bhavaneeswara Temple [videos]
Sree Bhavaneeswara Temple in Palluruthy, Kochi established by the great saint, sage and social reformer of India, Sree
Sri Narayana Guru : Spiritual Guru, One of the greatest Social reformers in India
Thiru Nayathode Siva Narayana Temple [videos]
Thiru Nayathode Siva Narayana Temple is located at Nayathod, a small village in Ernakulam District, Kerala, India. The
Image: Thirunayathod Shivanarayana Temple DSC 1558
Chenankavu [videos]
The Chenankavu temple (ശ്രീ ചേനാങ്കാവ് ഭഗവതി ക്ഷേത്രം) is a famous Bhagavathi temple in Kerala, located in Korom
Image: Korom
Morazha [videos]
Morazha is a village of Anthoor Municipality in Kannur district in the Indian state of Kerala. Before formation of
Mangroves at Vellikkeel
Cheruthazham [videos]
Cheruthazham is a census town in Kannur district in the state of Kerala, India. It is the location of the famous
Kunhimathilakam Temple
Madai Vadukunda Shiva Temple [videos]
The Madai Vadukunda Shiva Temple is believed to have been constructed by “Kolathiri” Kings during medieval period on a
Image: Madai Sree Vadukunda Siva Temple