Chenango County, New York

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Chenango County, New York
County
County of Chenango
Chenango County Courthouse May 09.jpg
Chenango County Courthouse
Flag of Chenango County, New York
Flag
Seal of Chenango County, New York
Seal
Map of New York highlighting Chenango County
Location in the U.S. state of New York
Map of the United States highlighting New York
New York's location in the U.S.
Founded March 15, 1798
Seat Norwich
Largest city Norwich
Area
 • Total 899 sq mi (2,328 km2)
 • Land 894 sq mi (2,315 km2)
 • Water 5.1 sq mi (13 km2), 0.6%
Population
 • (2010) 50,477
 • Density 56/sq mi (22/km²)
Congressional district 22nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.chenango.ny.us

Chenango County is a county located in the south-central section U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 50,477,[1] its county seat is Norwich.[2] The county's name originates from an Oneida word meaning "large bull-thistle."

History[edit]

This was long the territory of the Oneida people, one of the first Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy or Haudenosaunee, they occupied the area until after the Revolutionary War, when they were forced off the land, although they had been allies of the patriot colonists. They were granted a small reservation, which settlers continued to encroach on.

When English colonists organized counties in 1683 in what is now New York, the present Chenango County was part of Albany County, this was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. But, territories located to the west of present-day Pennsylvania were under effective French control as part of New France. Albany County was reduced in size on July 3, 1766, by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770, by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.

On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific), the eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County has since been organized as 37 counties of New York State, the county was named for William Tryon, the British colonial governor of New York.

In the years prior to 1776, during the increasing tensions most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Fort Niagara on the Western Frontier; in 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the Americans renamed Tryon County as Montgomery County in honor of the US general, Richard Montgomery. He had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, the US residents replaced the name of the former British governor.

The "Twenty Townships" west of the Unadilla River, conveyed by the Oneida Indians in 1788. Known as "Clinton's Purchase"

In 1788 the Oneida Reservation was considerably reduced by what is known as Clinton's Purchase, when land was sold off west of the Unadilla River to create what are now 20 towns. (See map to the right.) Settlers from eastern New York and New England entered the area and started farming.

In 1789, Montgomery County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Ontario County, the area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present Ontario County, as it included the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne counties. It was the practice to establish a large geographic county and divide it as settlement increased.

In 1791, Herkimer, Otsego and Tioga counties were organized from land separated from Montgomery County.

Chenango County was formed on March 15, 1798 from 1,610 square miles (4,170 km2) of Tioga and Herkimer counties. Its eastern border is formed by the Unadilla River, the land had been purchased the year before from the Oneida, who were forced into a smaller reservation to the north.

On April 4, 1804, 70 square miles (180 km2) of Chenango County was partitioned to expand Oneida County; the communities of Waterville, and Sangerfield were assigned to the new Oneida County.

On March 21, 1806, 650 square miles (1,680 km2) of Chenango County was partitioned to produce Madison County. This established the current borders of Chenango County, which have been maintained to the early 21st century, this area was developed for agriculture in the nineteenth century and is still largely rural.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 899 square miles (2,330 km2), of which 894 square miles (2,320 km2) is land and 5.1 square miles (13 km2) (0.6%) is water.[3]

Chenango County is in the approximate center of the state, west of Albany, north of Binghamton, and southeast of Syracuse, the county is considered to be in the Southern Tier region of New York State.

The Chenango River, a tributary of the Susquehanna River, flows southward through the county.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 15,666
1810 21,704 38.5%
1820 31,215 43.8%
1830 37,238 19.3%
1840 40,785 9.5%
1850 40,311 −1.2%
1860 40,934 1.5%
1870 40,564 −0.9%
1880 39,891 −1.7%
1890 37,776 −5.3%
1900 36,568 −3.2%
1910 35,575 −2.7%
1920 34,969 −1.7%
1930 34,665 −0.9%
1940 36,454 5.2%
1950 39,138 7.4%
1960 43,243 10.5%
1970 46,368 7.2%
1980 49,344 6.4%
1990 51,768 4.9%
2000 51,401 −0.7%
2010 50,477 −1.8%
Est. 2016 48,579 [4] −3.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 51,401 people, 19,926 households, and 13,549 families residing in the county, the population density was 58 people per square mile (22/km²). There were 23,890 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.65% White, 0.82% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. 1.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.2% were of English, 14.5% German, 13.8% Irish, 12.3% American and 8.9% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000 [1]. 96.7% spoke English and 1.3% Spanish as their first language.

There were 19,926 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.10% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years, for every 100 females there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,679, and the median income for a family was $39,711. Males had a median income of $30,363 versus $22,429 for females, the per capita income for the county was $16,427. About 10.70% of families and 14.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.50% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[10]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 59.1% 11,921 33.6% 6,775 7.3% 1,464
2012 50.3% 9,713 47.2% 9,116 2.5% 485
2008 49.6% 10,337 48.5% 10,100 2.0% 410
2004 54.3% 11,582 43.5% 9,277 2.3% 482
2000 49.6% 10,033 45.0% 9,112 5.5% 1,105
1996 38.0% 7,319 45.6% 8,797 16.4% 3,163
1992 37.2% 8,114 36.8% 8,017 26.0% 5,656
1988 58.9% 11,727 40.3% 8,021 0.8% 154
1984 69.0% 14,254 30.7% 6,343 0.3% 51
1980 53.1% 10,400 35.3% 6,917 11.6% 2,275
1976 62.4% 12,384 37.1% 7,356 0.5% 97
1972 70.6% 13,770 29.2% 5,695 0.2% 44
1968 63.9% 11,785 30.9% 5,706 5.2% 964
1964 38.5% 7,293 61.5% 11,653 0.0% 6
1960 71.9% 14,533 28.0% 5,659 0.1% 12
1956 81.1% 16,314 18.9% 3,804 0.0% 0
1952 79.7% 16,062 20.3% 4,089 0.1% 13
1948 70.6% 11,988 28.1% 4,764 1.4% 230
1944 71.7% 12,745 28.1% 4,997 0.2% 37
1940 72.8% 14,168 26.9% 5,241 0.2% 43
1936 72.5% 13,772 27.1% 5,143 0.4% 80
1932 65.3% 11,566 33.6% 5,953 1.1% 200
1928 77.2% 13,955 22.1% 3,986 0.7% 132
1924 72.6% 11,323 21.8% 3,392 5.7% 881
1920 71.1% 10,116 26.3% 3,735 2.6% 373
1916 54.8% 5,198 41.0% 3,887 4.3% 405
1912 42.7% 4,043 35.3% 3,341 22.0% 2,082
1908 57.5% 5,949 36.5% 3,772 6.0% 621
1904 59.8% 6,394 35.7% 3,817 4.5% 486
1900 58.9% 6,362 37.4% 4,043 3.7% 398
1896 59.1% 6,338 37.0% 3,973 3.9% 415
1892 51.0% 5,378 40.6% 4,273 8.4% 885
1888 52.5% 5,798 42.0% 4,640 5.5% 608
1884 51.0% 5,462 41.2% 4,410 7.8% 840

Chenango County has a Board of Supervisors that consists of 23 Town/City elected officials, serving as representatives at the County level, the term for each Supervisor is based on the term set by each particular Town. A Supervisor holds office for either two or four years.

In 21st-century United States politics, Chenango County is considered a "red" county, where the majority of voters elect national Republican candidates; in 2004, Republican George Bush won by an 11% margin over Democrat John Kerry. For state and congressional offices, voters sometimes elect Democratic candidates; in 2006 both Eliot Spitzer and Hillary Clinton carried it, winning 57% and 54% of the vote for governor and US Senator, respectively. In 2008, John McCain carried Chenango County over Barack Obama in the presidential election by a close margin of 49.59%-48.45% or a difference of 237 votes.[2] In 2010, Democrat Andrew Cuomo for governor, and Democrats Chuck Schumer and Kirsten Gillibrand for the US Senate each carried it.

Education[edit]

Morrisville State College has a branch in Norwich.

Communities[edit]

Norwich, the county seat, is the only city in Chenango County.

In addition to the city of Norwich, the county has the following named settlements:

Towns[edit]

In New York, a "town" is a political subdivision (synonymous with township), the towns in northern Chenango County originated from the Twenty Townships ceded by the Oneida tribe to the State of New York.

Villages[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Hamlets[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 11, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 19, 2014. Retrieved January 3, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved January 3, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 3, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2015. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  11. ^ Bacon and Company (1870). Representative and leading men of the Pacific. Bacon and Company. p. 433. 

Further reading[edit]

  • NEW YORK: Atlas of Historical County Boundaries; Compiled by Kathryn Ford Thorne; Edited by John H. Long.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°30′N 75°37′W / 42.50°N 75.62°W / 42.50; -75.62