Lord Williams's School
Lord Williams's School is a co-educational secondary school with academy status in Thame, England. The school takes children from the age of 11 through to the age of 18; the school has 2,100 pupils. In September 2001 the Department for Education and Skills designated the school as a specialist Sports College. David Wybron has been head of the school since September 2004 after taking over from Michael Spencer. In 2006, together with Thame leisure centre, the school opened a new astro-turf pitch; the official opening featured a team decathlon by the students, after which the ribbon was cut by the women's England hockey captain. The mayor of Thame was present on the day. Source:The school opened in 1570, having been founded at the bequest of John Williams, 1st Baron Williams of Thame, after his death in 1559. A building with a single classroom, two rooms for the Master and Usher, a dormitory for boarders was erected in 1569 close to St Mary's Church and adjacent to the almshouses. In 1575, the Statutes were published which not only laid out how the school should be run but established the connection with New College, Oxford that lasts to this day.
It was an Endowed grammar school supported by income from John Williams's bequests and fees paid by scholars. The first headmaster was a native of Thame. A note on one copy of the Statutes states: "On the Day before the feast of St Andrews 1570, Edward Harris, elected master, took up his office of teaching in the newly completed school." Across the seventeenth and eighteenth century, it had a history of educating scholars who went on to have significant national influence. However, by the middle of the 19 century, its fortunes had declined and, in 1872, it was decided to temporarily close the school and make a fresh start on a site on the Oxford Road, Thame; the new buildings opened in 1879. Records show that by 1890 the school had 7 day boys. From 1895, the school started to receive grants from the local educational authority to supplement its income and the school began to lose its independence. In the 1930s all the school's income was coming from the local authority. By the mid 1940s it became clear.
In 1947 it became a voluntary controlled school wholly under the direction of the Oxfordshire Education Committee. The roll increased and reached bursting point in 1960 when it stood at 200 and the school had to turn away pupils; the Education Committee announced that it would institute a building programme and double the school's size. The Committee accepted the Governor’s recommendation that to preserve the essential characteristic of the school, the size of the Boarding House be increased to 90. In late 1963, these new buildings were opened and the roll increased again. In 1966, the Education Committee announced that it was planning to turn Lord Williams's Grammar School into a single-sex comprehensive to be called Lord Williams's School and that a separate girls' comprehensive school would be built alongside the existing buildings; however these plans were amended and in 1971 it became a co-educational comprehensive school when it merged with the Wenman School. The former became one part of the lower school, known as Lower School East, while Lower School West was established on the Oxford Road site alongside what was now known as the Upper School.
These lower schools were merged into one site on the Towersey Road in 1995. The school is still dual-site and the long-mooted plans to have a single site on the Oxford Road have yet to reach fruition. Boys boarded at the school for over 400 years; when the new school opened in 1879 they boarded at Main House on the site of the current school. As their numbers increased in the 1960s, the older boys used two residential houses close to the school – Greenacres and Highfield. In 1992, the boarding facility was closed and since the school has admitted day students only. On the 30th of June 2007 a fire broke out at the drama studio of the Lower School campus of Lord Williams School; the emergency services received a 999 call at 9.42pm although it is believed the fire had started at 8.30pm.65 fire fighters from across the county were able to control the blaze and stop it from destroying a neighbouring building with fire fighters from Thame, Wheatley and Slade Park, as well as teams from Buckinghamshire Fire & Rescue coming from Aylesbury, Princes Risborough and Waddesdon attending the blaze.
It was believed that arson was the cause but an electrical fire was not ruled out. However, in February 2008, a 23-year-old man called Craig Ford was found guilty of arson and sentenced to five years in prison. In early 2008, a project began to raise up to £1m in order to replace the drama studio with a new, state-of-the-art and dance studio, including a box office and permanent seating for the popular Thame Youth Theatre, based at the studio. Former pupils of the school are called'Old Tamensians.' John Balance, musician William Basse, poet Simon Burnett, swimmer Johnny Claes, musician and F1 racing driver Bertie Corbett, England Football International Rob Deering, comedian and writer Ben Delo, computer scientist, philanthropist and co-founder of BitMEX Thomas Ellwood, religious writer George Etherege, dramatist John Fell, clergyman Gavin Free, Director, Internet personality Simon Gillett, professional footballer Howard Goodall and television presenter. Wrote the Blackadder theme tune Arthur Goodwin, politician Daniel Gruchy, Int
The Office for Standards in Education, Children's Services and Skills is a non-ministerial department of the UK government, reporting to Parliament. Ofsted is responsible for inspecting a range of educational institutions, including state schools and some independent schools, it inspects childcare and fostering agencies and initial teacher training, regulates a range of early years and children’s social care services. The Chief Inspector is appointed by an Order-in-Council and thus becomes an office holder under the Crown. Amanda Spielman has been HMCI since 2017. In 1833, Parliament agreed an annual grant to the National Society for Promoting Religious Education and the British and Foreign School Society, which provided Church of England and non-denominational elementary schools for poor children. To monitor the effectiveness of the grant, two inspectors of schools were appointed in 1837, Seymour Tremenheere and the Rev. John Allen. Dr. James Kay-Shuttleworth secretary of the Privy Council education committee, ensured that the inspectors were appointed by Order-in-Council to guard their independence.
The grant and inspection system was extended in 1847 to Roman Catholic elementary schools established by the Catholic Poor School Committee. Inspectors were organised on denominational lines, with the churches having a say in the choice of inspectors, until 1876, when inspectors were re-organised by area. After the Education Act 1902, inspections were expanded to state-funded secondary schools along similar lines. Over time, more inspections were carried out by inspectors based in local education authorities, with HMI focussing on reporting to the Secretary of State on education conditions across the country; the government of John Major, concerned about variable local inspection regimes, decided to introduce a national scheme of inspections though a reconstituted HMI, which became known as the Office for Standards in Education. Under the Education Act 1992, HMI would supervise the inspection of each state-funded school in the country, would publish its reports for the benefit of schools and government instead of reporting to the Secretary of State.
In September 2001, Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Schools in England became responsible for registration and inspection of day care and childminding in England, the position was renamed Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Education, Children's Services and Skills. This was done by 150 local authorities, based on their implementation by 1992 of the Daycare Standards provisions of the 1989 Children Act. Schedule 11 of the Education and Inspections Act 2006 changed the way in which Ofsted works without changing the provision. Since 2006 the structure of Ofsted has derived elements from business models, with a Chair, an executive board, regional officers, a formal annual report to Parliament in the light of concerns about schools, local authority children's services. In April 2007 the former Office for Standards in Education merged with the Adult Learning Inspectorate to provide an inspection service that includes all post-16 government funded education. At the same time it took on responsibility for the registration and inspection of social care services for children, the welfare inspection of independent and maintained boarding schools from the Commission for Social Care Inspection.
The services Ofsted inspects or regulates now include: local services, child day care, children's centres, children's social care, CAFCASS, state schools, independent schools and teacher training providers and learning and skills providers in England. It monitors the work of the Independent Schools Inspectorate. HMI are empowered and required to provide independent advice to the United Kingdom government and parliament on matters of policy and to publish an annual report to parliament on the quality of educational provision in England. Ofsted distributes its functions amongst its offices in London, Nottingham, Cambridge and Bristol. Ofsted only covers England; the current Chief Inspector is Amanda Spielman, appointed in January 2017 replacing Sir Michael Wilshaw. Ofsted directly employs Her Majesty's Inspectors; as of July 2009 there were 443 HMIs, of whom 82 were engaged in management, 245 in the inspection of schools, the rest in inspection of other areas for which Ofsted in responsible. All HMIs inspecting schools have teaching experience.
Most school inspections were carried out by Additional Inspectors employed by external companies known as Regional Inspection Service Providers. As of July 2009 there were 1,948 AIs. Although Ofsted claims that most of these have teaching experience, in 2012 it was forced to admit that it had done no quality control checks on these inspectors, that many of them – including lead inspectors – were not qualified teachers and many had no experience of working with children. A further scandal surrounded headteachers dismissed following poor OFSTED reports being hired as inspectors. In 2015, 40% of additional inspectors who wanted to continue working for OFSTED were not re-hired after a contractual change. Although OFSTED insisted that this was part of a quality control process and'should not be seen as an admi
Oxford is a university city in south central England and the county town of Oxfordshire. With a population of 155,000, it is the 52nd largest city in the United Kingdom, with one of the fastest growing populations in the UK, it remains the most ethnically diverse area in Oxfordshire county; the city is 51 miles from London, 61 miles from Bristol, 59 miles from Southampton, 57 miles from Birmingham and 24 miles from Reading. The city is known worldwide as the home of the University of Oxford, the oldest university in the English-speaking world. Buildings in Oxford demonstrate notable examples of every English architectural period since the late Saxon period. Oxford is known as a term coined by poet Matthew Arnold. Oxford has a broad economic base, its industries include motor manufacturing, publishing and a large number of information technology and science-based businesses, some being academic offshoots. Oxford was first settled in Anglo-Saxon times and was known as "Oxenaforda", meaning "ford of the oxen".
It began with the establishment of a river crossing for oxen around AD 900. In the 10th century, Oxford became an important military frontier town between the kingdoms of Mercia and Wessex and was on several occasions raided by Danes. In 1002, many Danes were killed in Oxford during the England-wide St. Brice's Day massacre, a killing of Danes ordered by King Æthelred the Unready; the skeletons of more than 30 suspected victims were unearthed in 2008 during the course of building work at St John's College. The ‘massacre’ was a contributing factor to King Sweyn I of Denmark’s invasion of England in 1003 and the sacking of Oxford by the Danes in 1004. Oxford was damaged during the Norman Invasion of 1066. Following the conquest, the town was assigned to a governor, Robert D'Oyly, who ordered the construction of Oxford Castle to confirm Norman authority over the area; the castle has never been used for military purposes and its remains survive to this day. D'Oyly set up a monastic community in the castle consisting of a chapel and living quarters for monks.
The community never grew large but it earned its place in history as one of Britain's oldest places of formal education. It was there that in 1139 Geoffrey of Monmouth wrote his History of the Kings of Britain, a compilation of Arthurian legends. Additionally, there is evidence of Jews living in the city as early as 1141, during the 12th century the Jewish community is estimated to have numbered about 80–100; the city was besieged during The Anarchy in 1142. In 1191, a city charter stated in Latin, "Be it known to all those present and future that we, the citizens of Oxford of the Commune of the City and of the Merchant Guild have given, by this, our present charter, confirm the donation of the island of Midney with all those things pertaining to it, to the Church of St. Mary at Oseney and to the canons serving God in that place. Since, every year, at Michaelmas the said canons render half a mark of silver for their tenure at the time when we have ordered it as witnesses the legal deed of our ancestors which they made concerning the gift of this same island.
We have made this concession and confirmation in the Common council of the City and we have confirmed it with our common seal. These are those who have made this confirmation. Oxford's prestige was enhanced by its charter granted by King Henry II, granting its citizens the same privileges and exemptions as those enjoyed by the capital of the kingdom. Oxford's status as a liberty obtained from this period until the 19th century. A grandson of King John established Rewley Abbey for the Cistercian Order. Parliaments were held in the city during the 13th century; the Provisions of Oxford were instigated by a group of barons led by Simon de Montfort. Richard I of England and John, King of England the sons of Henry II of England, were both born at Beaumont Palace in Oxford, on 8 September 1157 and 24 December 1166 respectively. A plaque in Beaumont Street commemorates these events; the University of Oxford is first mentioned in 12th-century records. Of the hundreds of Aularian houses that sprang up across the city, only St Edmund Hall remains.
What put an end to the halls was the emergence of colleges. Oxford's earliest colleges were University College and Merton; these colleges were established at a time when Europeans were starting to translate the writings of Greek philosophers. These writings challenged European ideology, inspiring scientific discoveries and advancements in the arts, as society began to see itself in a new way; these colleges at Oxf
Mixed-sex education known as mixed-gender education, co-education or coeducation, is a system of education where males and females are educated together. Whereas single-sex education was more common up to the 19th century, mixed-sex education has since become standard in many cultures in Western countries. Single-sex education, remains prevalent in many Muslim countries; the relative merits of both systems have been the subject of debate. The world's oldest co-educational day and boarding school is Dollar Academy, a junior and senior school for males and females from ages 5 to 18 in Scotland, United Kingdom. From its opening in 1818 the school admitted both boys and girls of the parish of Dollar and the surrounding area; the school continues in existence to the present day with around 1,250 pupils. The first co-educational college to be founded was Oberlin Collegiate Institute in Ohio, it opened on December 3, 1833, including 29 men and 15 women. Equal status for women did not arrive until 1837, the first three women to graduate with bachelor's degrees did so in 1840.
By the late 20th century, many institutions of higher learning, for people of one sex had become coeducational. In early civilizations, people were educated informally: within the household; as time progressed, education became more formal. Women had few rights when education started to become a more important aspect of civilization. Efforts of the ancient Greek and Chinese societies focused on the education of males. In ancient Rome, the availability of education was extended to women, but they were taught separately from men; the early Christians and medieval Europeans continued this trend, single-sex schools for the privileged classes prevailed through the Reformation period. In the 16th century, at the Council of Trent, the Roman Catholic church reinforced the establishment of free elementary schools for children of all classes; the concept of universal elementary education, regardless of sex, had been created. After the Reformation, coeducation was introduced in western Europe, when certain Protestant groups urged that boys and girls should be taught to read the Bible.
The practice became popular in northern England and colonial New England, where young children, both male and female, attended dame schools. In the late 18th century, girls were admitted to town schools; the Society of Friends in England, as well as in the United States, pioneered coeducation as they did universal education, in Quaker settlements in the British colonies and girls attended school together. The new free public elementary, or common schools, which after the American Revolution supplanted church institutions, were always coeducational, by 1900 most public high schools were coeducational as well. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, coeducation grew much more accepted. In Great Britain and the Soviet Union, the education of girls and boys in the same classes became an approved practice. In Australia there is a trend towards increased coeducational schooling with new coeducational schools opening, few new single sex schools opening and existing single sex schools combining or opening their doors to the opposite gender.
The first mixed-sex institution of higher learning in China was the Nanjing Higher Normal Institute, renamed National Central University and Nanjing University. For millennia in China, public schools public higher learning schools, were for men. Only schools established by zongzu were for both male and female students; some schools such as Li Zhi's school in Ming Dynasty and Yuan Mei's school in Qing Dynasty enrolled both male and female students. In the 1910s women's universities were established such as Ginling Women's University and Peking Girls' Higher Normal School, but there were no coeducation in higher learning schools. Tao Xingzhi, the Chinese advocator of mixed-sex education, proposed The Audit Law for Women Students at the meeting of Nanjing Higher Normal School held on December seventh, 1919, he proposed that the university recruit female students. The idea was supported by the president Guo Bingwen, academic director Liu Boming, such famous professors as Lu Zhiwei and Yang Xingfo, but opposed by many famous men of the time.
The meeting decided to recruit women students next year. Nanjing Higher Normal School enrolled eight Chinese female students in 1920. In the same year Peking University began to allow women students to audit classes. One of the most notable female students of that time was Jianxiong Wu. In 1949, the People's Republic of China was founded; the Chinese government has provided more equal opportunities for education since and all schools and universities have become mixed-sex. In recent years, many female and/or single-sex schools have again emerged for special vocational training needs but equal rights for education still apply to all citizens. In China Muslim Hui and Muslim Salars are against coeducation, due to Islam, Uyghurs are the only Muslims in China that do not mind coeducation and practice it. Admission to the Sorbonne was opened to girls in 1860; the baccalaureat became gender-blind in 1924, giving equal chances to all girls in applying to any universities. Mixed-sex education became mandatory for primary schools in 1957 and for all universities in 1975.
St. Paul's Co-educational College was the first mixed-sex secondary school in Hong Kong, it was founded in 1915 as St. Paul's Girls' College. At the end of World War II it was temporarily merged with St. Paul's College, a boys' school; when classes at the campus of St. Paul'
A comprehensive school is a school type, principally in the United Kingdom. The term is used in relation to England and Wales, where comprehensive schools were introduced as state schools on an experimental basis in the 1940s and became more widespread from 1965. With the Blair educational reforms from 2003, they may be part of a local education authority or be a self governing academy or part of a multi-academy trust. About 90% of British secondary school pupils now attend comprehensive schools or the small number of grammar schools), they correspond broadly to the public high school in the United States and Canada and to the Gesamtschule in Germany. Comprehensive schools provide an entitlement curriculum to all children, without selection whether due to financial considerations or attainment. A consequence of, a wider ranging curriculum, including practical subjects such as design and technology and vocational learning, which were less common or non-existent in grammar schools. Providing post-16 education cost-effectively becomes more challenging for smaller comprehensive schools, because of the number of courses needed to cover a broader curriculum with comparatively fewer students.
This is why schools have tended to get larger and why many local authorities have organised secondary education into 11–16 schools, with the post-16 provision provided by sixth form colleges and further education colleges. Comprehensive schools do not select their intake on the basis of academic achievement or aptitude, but there are demographic reasons why the attainment profiles of different schools vary considerably. In addition, government initiatives such as the City Technology Colleges and Specialist schools programmes have made the comprehensive ideal less certain. In these schools children could be selected on the basis of curriculum aptitude related to the school's specialism though the schools do take quotas from each quartile of the attainment range to ensure they were not selective by attainment. A problem with this is whether the quotas should be taken from a normal distribution or from the specific distribution of attainment in the immediate catchment area. In the selective school system, which survives in several parts of the United Kingdom, admission is dependent on selection criteria, most a cognitive test or tests.
Although comprehensive schools were introduced to England and Wales in 1965, there are 164 selective grammar schools that are still in operation.. Most comprehensives are secondary schools for children between the ages of 11 to 16, but in a few areas there are comprehensive middle schools, in some places the secondary level is divided into two, for students aged 11 to 14 and those aged 14 to 18 corresponding to the US middle school and high school, respectively. With the advent of key stages in the National Curriculum some local authorities reverted from the Middle School system to 11–16 and 11–18 schools so that the transition between schools corresponds to the end of one key stage and the start of another. In principle, comprehensive schools were conceived as "neighbourhood" schools for all students in a specified catchment area; the first comprehensives were set up after the Second World War. In 1946, for example, Walworth School was one of five'experimental' comprehensive schools set up by the London County Council Another early comprehensive school was Holyhead County School in Anglesey in 1949.
Coventry opened two Comprehensive School in 1954 by combining Grammar Schools and Secondary Modern Schools. These were Woodlands. Another early example was Tividale Comprehensive School in Tipton; the first, purpose-built comprehensive in the North of England was Colne Valley High School near Huddersfield in 1956. The largest expansion of comprehensive schools resulted from a policy decision taken in 1965 by Anthony Crosland, Secretary of State for Education in the 1964–1970 Labour government; the policy decision was implemented by Circular 10/65, an instruction to local education authorities to plan for conversion. Students sat the 11+ examination in their last year of primary education and were sent to one of a secondary modern, secondary technical or grammar school depending on their perceived ability. Secondary technical schools were never implemented and for 20 years there was a virtual bipartite system which saw fierce competition for the available grammar school places, which varied between 15% and 25% of total secondary places, depending on location.
In 1970 Margaret Thatcher, the Secretary of State for Education in the new Conservative government, ended the compulsion on local authorities to convert, many local authorities were so far down the path that it would have been prohibitively expensive to attempt to reverse the process, more comprehensive schools were established under Thatcher than any other education secretary. By 1975 the majority of local authorities in England and Wales had abandoned the 11-Plus examination and moved to a comprehensive system. Over that 10-year period many secondary modern schools and grammar schools were amalgamated to form large neighbourhood comprehensives, whilst a number of new schools were built to accommodate a growing school population. By the mid-1970s the system had been fully implemented, with no secondary modern schools remaining. Many grammar schools were either changed to comprehensive status; some local authorities, including S
St Peter's College, Oxford
St Peter's College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford and is located in New Inn Hall Street, United Kingdom. It occupies the site of two of the university's medieval halls, dating back to at least the 14th century; the modern college was founded by Francis James Chavasse, former Bishop of Liverpool, opened as St Peter's Hall in 1929, achieved full collegiate status as St Peter's College in 1961. Founded as a men's college, it has been coeducational since 1979; as of 2018, the college had an estimated financial endowment of £44.6 million. St Peter's occupies the site of two of the university's medieval halls or hostels for students: Trilleck's Inn New Inn Hall, Rose Hall. Trillecks' Inn was founded in the 14th century by Bishop Trilleck and, as New Inn Hall, merged into Balliol College in 1887. Rose Hall was given to New College by William of Wykeham. New College sold the site to the rector of St Peter-le-Bailey in 1859 and 1868 as a site for a new church, now the college chapel.
The history of the college in its present form began in 1923 when Francis James Chavasse, former Bishop of Liverpool, returned to Oxford. He was concerned at the rising cost of education in the older universities in Britain, projected St Peter's as a college where promising students, who might otherwise be deterred by the costs of college life, could obtain an Oxford education. In 1928 St Peter's Hall opened as a hostel with 13 residents. In 1929 it was recognized by the university as a Permanent Private Hall and in 1947 as a New Foundation. In 1961, the university approved a statute giving St Peter's Hall full collegiate status. With the granting of its royal charter in the same year, it took the name St Peter's College; the colours of the college are gold. St Peter's has a varied set of many of them much older than the college itself; the college has, in effect, adapted existing buildings to provide the collective facilities needed for college life, built new ones to provide student accommodation.
Linton House, a Georgian rectory dating from 1797, is the entrance to the college and houses the porters' lodge and college library. Canal House, the master's lodge, dates from the early 19th century; the college chapel was the Church of St Peter-le-Bailey, built in 1874, the third church of that name on or close to the site. The chapel is filled with memorials to members of the Chavasse family, including Captain Noel Chavasse's original grave cross, the Chavasse memorial window and a large bas-relief of Bishop Francis Chavasse at prayer; the college dining hall, known as Hannington Hall after the Victorian missionary Bishop James Hannington, dates from 1832 and is the only surviving part of New Inn Hall. The Chavasse Building the Central Girls' School, which adjoins the original site of the college, was acquired more and provides living accommodation for students, seminar rooms, a Middle Common Room for postgraduates, a music room; the college has four quads: Mulberry Quad, Hannington Quad and Chavasse Quad.
On site, students are housed in the modern New Block, the Chavasse building, Staircase IV, the Matthews block and the Morris Building. Fellows and college staff occupy rooms in Staircases I-IV and the Latner building. In 2018 the new Hubert Perrodo Building was completed offering further on-site accommodation and conference spaces. St Peter's has a few off-site accommodation blocks for students, a few minutes away from the main college site. St Thomas' Street and St George's Gate house undergraduates, while Paradise Street houses postgraduates and fourth-year undergraduates; the student-run Junior Common Room organises a wide variety of social events throughout the academic year, ranging from formal events to celebrate such things as Burns Night to creatively themed parties that run into the early hours of the morning. The college is one of the few to feature its own student-edited arts magazine, published termly; the college has sports teams competing in rowing, football, table football and rugby.
It shares with Exeter and Hertford Colleges a sports field which has two cricket pitches and pavilions, two rugby and football pitches, a hockey pitch, tennis courts and a squash court. Rowing is a popular sport: the college boat club, St Peter's College Boat Club, competes regularly; the club shares a boathouse with Somerville College Boat Club, University College Boat Club and Wolfson College Boat Club. The club has had a number of successes in recent years. Taking the original name of the college, GWR 6959 Class steam locomotive no. 7900 was built in 1949 for British Railways and named "Saint Peter's Hall". One of the brass nameplates from the now-scrapped locomotive survives in the college. Christopher Maude Chavasse Julian Thornton-Duesbery Robert Wilmot Howard Alec Cairncross Gerald Aylmer John Barron Bernard Silverman Mark Damazer Guy Arnold, traveller, political commentator, Africa expert and writer Wilbert Awdry, creator of Thomas the Tank Engine Simon Beaufoy, writer of the screenplay for the films The Full Monty and Slumdog Millionaire Graham Bell, Canadian academic and evolutionary biologist Michael Blomquist, American rower and former world champion E. A. Boateng, Ghanaian academic, first vice chancellor of the University of Cape Coast Mike Carey, author Mark Carney, Governor of the Bank of England Paul Condon, Baron Condon, Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police from 1993 to 2000 Gordon Corera, BBC security correspondent K
Oxford East (UK Parliament constituency)
Oxford East is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by Anneliese Dodds of the Labour Party. The constituency covers the southern parts of Oxford in Oxfordshire, it borders Oxford West and Abingdon to the West and Henley to the North and South. The seat, created in 1983, includes Oxford city centre and the majority of the Oxford colleges and adjoining parts of the city including a broad area of mid-to-low rise council-built housing, Blackbird Leys, which has kept varying amounts of social housing. A large percentage of the seat's electorate consists of students from Oxford and Oxford Brookes universities. Part of the seat with a high proportion of private housing is archetypal bourgeois/leafy Headington, a mixture of student tenants and high-income families, while the seat includes the prosperous areas of Grandpont and New Hinksey in the south of the city. At the end of 2010 unemployment claimant count was 2.3%, 45th of the 84 South East constituencies and close to the mean of 2.45%.
From 1885 until 1983 the vast bulk of the area of the seat as it has variously been drawn since 1983 was in the abolished Oxford constituency Liberal for some decades Conservative, which alternated with the Labour Party, who took that seat in the late 1960s and late 1970s. For the first four years Oxford East was served by Conservative Steven Norris, he was defeated by Labour candidate Andrew Smith who held the seat for the next 30 years and retired. The Conservative share of the vote fell to a low to date, of 16.7%, in 2005, a year when the seat became an emphatic Labour–Liberal Democrat contest, the votes for Andrew Smith were 963 more than the "Lib Dem" candidate: a majority of 2.3% of the votes. Smith's 2015 win made the seat the 80th-safest of Labour's 232 seats won that year by percentage of majority. On his retirement the local Labour party selected Anneliese Dodds. At election she took 23,284 votes, broadly in line with many Smith results. Three of five candidates standing polled more than a deposit-retaining threshold in 2017, those of the three largest parties in England.
In 2015 and 2017 the runner-up became a Conservative as before the last two general elections. The Green Party's candidate has stood at all eight contests since the party was branded as such, once retaining its deposit, in 2015, with 12% of the vote. Ousted ex-MP Norris won the largest runner-up's share of the vote to date, during the 1987 General Election – 40.4% – at what was in general a drubbing for the Liberal party who had a candidates' pact with Social Democratic Party candidates and a fallout among the SDP's Gang of Four. Turnout has ranged between 78.9% in 1987 and 55.8% in 2001. 1983–1997 The City of Oxford wards of Blackbird Leys, Headington, Marston, Quarry, St Clement's, Temple Cowley, Wood Farm, the District of South Oxfordshire wards of Littlemore and Risinghurst. The constituency formed from the majority of the abolished Borough Constituency of Oxford. Included three wards in the District of South Oxfordshire part of Henley and the abolished constituency of Mid-Oxon.1997–2010 The City of Oxford wards of Blackbird Leys, Headington, Littlemore, Old Marston and Risinghurst, Quarry, St Clement's, Temple Cowley, Wood Farm.
The 1997 boundary changes reflected changes to local government boundaries with the majority of the area comprising the three South Oxfordshire wards having been absorbed into the City of Oxford. The remaining, semi-rural Conservative-leaning areas were transferred back to Henley; the urban Oxford South ward, strong for the Liberal Democrats and Labour was transferred from Oxford West and Abingdon. Since 2010 The City of Oxford wards of Barton and Sandhills, Blackbird Leys, Churchill, Cowley Marsh, Headington Hill and Northway, Hinksey Park, Iffley Fields, Lye Valley, Northfield Brook and Risinghurst, Rose Hill and Iffley, St Clement's, St Mary's. Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which altered this constituency for the General Election 2010 following changes to the City's ward structure; these changes added Holywell wards from Oxford West and Abingdon. This meant that Oxford city centre and the majority of Oxford colleges fell into Oxford East, in Oxford West and Abingdon.
It was forecast the alteration to equalise electorates would as a by-product benefit the Liberal Democrat share of the vote which fell narrowly short in 2005. When the seat was contested on the new boundaries, Labour incumbent, quadrupled his majority on a broad range of pro-Labour two-party swings, replicated in few seats in that election; the Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies in September 2018. If these proposals are approved by Parliament they will reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and come into effect at the next UK general election, due to take place in May 2022 under the terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011; the Commission proposed to transfer two further City of Oxford wards from Oxford Abingdon. As the constituency would now contain all but three City of Oxford wards, it was proposed that it be renamed Oxford. List of Parliamentary constituencies in Oxfordshire Boundary Commission for England Fifth Periodic Revi