A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
The Ojibwe, Chippewa, or Saulteaux are an Anishinaabe people of Canada and the United States. They are one of the most numerous indigenous peoples north of the Rio Grande. In Canada, they are the second-largest First Nations population, surpassed only by the Cree. In the United States, they have the fifth-largest population among Native American peoples, surpassed in number only by the Navajo, Cherokee and Sioux; the Ojibwe people traditionally speak the Ojibwe language, a branch of the Algonquian language family. They are part of the Council of Three Fires and the Anishinaabeg, which include the Algonquin, Oji-Cree and the Potawatomi. Through the Saulteaux branch, they were a part of the Iron Confederacy, joining the Cree and Metis; the majority of the Ojibwe people live in Canada. There are 77,940 mainline Ojibwe, they live from western Quebec to eastern British Columbia. As of 2010, Ojibwe in the US census population is 170,742; the Ojibwe are known for their birch bark canoes, birch bark scrolls and trade in copper, as well as their cultivation of wild rice and Maple syrup.
Their Midewiwin Society is well respected as the keeper of detailed and complex scrolls of events, oral history, maps, stories and mathematics. The Ojibwe people underwent colonization by Settler-Canadians, they signed treaties with settler leaders, many European settlers soon inhabited the Ojibwe ancestral lands. The exonym for this Anishinaabe group is Ojibwe; this name is anglicized as "Ojibwa" or "Ojibway". The name "Chippewa" is an alternative anglicization. Although many variations exist in literature, "Chippewa" is more common in the United States, "Ojibway" predominates in Canada, but both terms are used in each country. In many Ojibwe communities throughout Canada and the U. S. since the late 20th century, more members have been using the generalized name Anishinaabe. The exact meaning of the name Ojibwe is not known; some 19th century sources say this name described a method of ritual torture that the Ojibwe applied to enemies. Ozhibii'iwe, meaning "those who keep records ", referring to their form of pictorial writing, pictographs used in Midewiwin sacred rites.
Because many Ojibwe were located around the outlet of Lake Superior, which the French colonists called Sault Ste. Marie for its rapids, the early Canadian settlers referred to the Ojibwe as Saulteurs. Ojibwe who subsequently moved to the prairie provinces of Canada have retained the name Saulteaux; this is disputed. Ojibwe who were located along the Mississagi River and made their way to southern Ontario are known as the Mississaugas; the Ojibwe language is known as Anishinaabemowin or Ojibwemowin, is still spoken, although the number of fluent speakers has declined sharply. Today, most of the language's fluent speakers are elders. Since the early 21st century, there is a growing movement to revitalize the language, restore its strength as a central part of Ojibwe culture; the language belongs to the Algonquian linguistic group, is descended from Proto-Algonquian. Its sister languages include Blackfoot, Cree, Menominee and Shawnee among the northern Plains tribes. Anishinaabemowin is referred to as a "Central Algonquian" language.
Ojibwemowin is the fourth-most spoken Native language in North America after Navajo and Inuktitut. Many decades of fur trading with the French established the language as one of the key trade languages of the Great Lakes and the northern Great Plains; the popularity of the epic poem The Song of Hiawatha, written by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow in 1855, publicized the Ojibwe culture. The epic contains many toponyms. According to Ojibwe oral history and from recordings in birch bark scrolls, the Ojibwe originated from the mouth of the St. Lawrence River on the Atlantic coast of what is now Quebec, they traded across the continent for thousands of years as they migrated, knew of the canoe routes to move north, west to east, south in the Americas. The identification of the Ojibwe as a culture or people may have occurred in response to contact with Europeans; the Europeans tried to identify those they encountered. According to Ojibwe oral history, seven great miigis beings appeared to them in the Waabanakiing to teach them the mide way of life.
One of the seven great miigis beings was too spiritually powerful and killed the people in the Waabanakiing when they were in its presence. The six great miigis beings remained to teach; the six great miigis beings established doodem for people in the east, symbolized by animal, fish or bird species. The five original Anishinaabe doodem were the Wawaazisii, Aan'aawenh and Moozoonsii these six miigis beings returned into the ocean as well. If the seventh miigis being had stayed
Arna Township, Pine County, Minnesota
Arna Township is a township in Pine County, United States. The population was 86 at the 2000 census. Arna Township was founded on March 11, 1910, its name was proposed by a county auditor by the name of W. H. Hamlin. Early settlers to the area were attracted by the lumber industry. In 1912 the Soo Line Railroad passed through Arna Township, the community of Markville sprang up with the railroad. By 1920 the population of Arna had reached a peak of 350, but this number decreased over the following decades. In 1981, the last train passed through Markville, the railroad bed was subsequently dismantled and replaced by the Gandy Dancer Trail, used exclusively by All Terrain Vehicles and snowmobiles. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 37.8 square miles, of which 37.7 square miles is land and 0.2 square miles is water. Located within Arna Township is the community of Markville, with a population of 30 people. Major bodies of water include the Saint Croix River.
The topography of the area is level, but there are several low hills and ridges in the township. As of the census of 2000, there were 86 people, 43 households, 22 families residing in the township; the population density was 2.3 people per square mile. There were 194 housing units at an average density of 5.2/sq mi. The racial makeup of the township was 74.42% White, 1.16% African American, 17.44% Native American, 5.81% from other races, 1.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.33% of the population. There were 43 households out of which 11.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples living together, 2.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 48.8% were non-families. 34.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.00 and the average family size was 2.55. In the township the population was spread out with 12.8% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 18.6% from 25 to 44, 38.4% from 45 to 64, 22.1% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 50 years. For every 100 females, there were 126.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 120.6 males. The median income for a household in the township was $30,875, the median income for a family was $30,875. Males had a median income of $31,389 versus $28,500 for females; the per capita income for the township was $19,521. There were 8.6% of families and 10.3% of the population living below the poverty line, including 33.3% of under eighteens and none of those over 64
Minnesota is a state in the Upper Midwest and northern regions of the United States. Minnesota was admitted as the 32nd U. S. state on May 11, 1858, created from the eastern half of the Minnesota Territory. The state has a large number of lakes, is known by the slogan the "Land of 10,000 Lakes", its official motto is L'Étoile du Nord. Minnesota is the 12th largest in area and the 22nd most populous of the U. S. states. This area is the center of transportation, industry and government, while being home to an internationally known arts community; the remainder of the state consists of western prairies now given over to intensive agriculture. Minnesota was inhabited by various indigenous peoples for thousands of years prior to the arrival of Europeans. French explorers and fur traders began exploring the region in the 17th century, encountering the Dakota and Ojibwe/Anishinaabe tribes. Much of what is today Minnesota was part of the vast French holding of Louisiana, purchased by the United States in 1803.
Following several territorial reorganizations, Minnesota in its current form was admitted as the country's 32nd state on May 11, 1858. Like many Midwestern states, it remained centered on lumber and agriculture. During the 19th and early 20th centuries, a large number of European immigrants from Scandinavia and Germany, began to settle the state, which remains a center of Scandinavian American and German American culture. In recent decades, immigration from Asia, the Horn of Africa, the Middle East, Latin America has broadened its demographic and cultural composition; the state's economy has diversified, shifting from traditional activities such as agriculture and resource extraction to services and finance. Minnesota's standard of living index is among the highest in the United States, the state is among the best-educated and wealthiest in the nation; the word Minnesota comes from the Dakota name for the Minnesota River: The river got its name from one of two words in the Dakota language,'Mní sóta' which means "clear blue water", or'Mnißota', which means cloudy water.
Native Americans demonstrated the name to early settlers by dropping milk into water and calling it mnisota. Many places in the state have similar names, such as Minnehaha Falls, Minneota, Minnetonka and Minneapolis, a combination of mni and polis, the Greek word for "city". Minnesota is the second northernmost U. S. state and northernmost contiguous state. Its isolated Northwest Angle in Lake of the Woods county is the only part of the 48 contiguous states lying north of the 49th parallel; the state is part of the U. S. region known as part of North America's Great Lakes Region. It shares a Lake Superior water border with Michigan and a land and water border with Wisconsin to the east. Iowa is to the south, North Dakota and South Dakota are to the west, the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Manitoba are to the north. With 86,943 square miles, or 2.25% of the United States, Minnesota is the 12th-largest state. Minnesota has gneisses that are about 3.6 billion years old. About 2.7 billion years ago, basaltic lava poured out of cracks in the floor of the primordial ocean.
The roots of these volcanic mountains and the action of Precambrian seas formed the Iron Range of northern Minnesota. Following a period of volcanism 1.1 billion years ago, Minnesota's geological activity has been more subdued, with no volcanism or mountain formation, but with repeated incursions of the sea, which left behind multiple strata of sedimentary rock. In more recent times, massive ice sheets at least one kilometer thick ravaged the state's landscape and sculpted its terrain; the Wisconsin glaciation left 12,000 years ago. These glaciers covered all of Minnesota except the far southeast, an area characterized by steep hills and streams that cut into the bedrock; this area is known as the Driftless Zone for its absence of glacial drift. Much of the remainder of the state outside the northeast has 50 feet or more of glacial till left behind as the last glaciers retreated. Gigantic Lake Agassiz formed in the northwest 13,000 years ago, its bed created the fertile Red River valley, its outflow, glacial River Warren, carved the valley of the Minnesota River and the Upper Mississippi downstream from Fort Snelling.
Minnesota is geologically quiet today. The state's high point is Eagle Mountain at 2,301 feet, only 13 miles away from the low of 601 feet at the shore of Lake Superior. Notwithstanding dramatic local differences in elevation, much of the state is a rolling peneplain. Two major drainage divides meet in Minnesota's northeast in rural Hibbing, forming a triple watershed. Precipitation can follow the Mississippi River south to the Gulf of Mexico, the Saint Lawrence Seaway east to the Atlantic Ocean, or the Hudson Bay watershed to the Arctic Ocean; the state's nickname, "Land of 10,000 Lakes", is apt, as there are 11,842 Minnesota lakes over 10 acres in size. Minnesota's portion of Lake Superior is the largest at 962,700 acres and deepest body of wate
Hinckley is a city in Pine County, United States, located at the junction of Interstate 35 and Minnesota State Highway 48. The population was 1,800 at the 2010 census. Hinckley's name in the Ojibwe language is Gaa-zhiigwanaabikokaag, meaning "the place abundant with grindstones" due to being located along the Grindstone River. Portions of the Mille Lacs Indian Reservation are located within and adjacent to Hinckley. On September 1, 1894, the Great Hinckley Fire killed more than 400 people. Hinckley is considered the halfway point on Interstate 35 between Minneapolis–Saint Paul and Duluth. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.83 square miles, of which 3.78 square miles is land and 0.05 square miles is water. Interstate Highway 35 and Minnesota Highway 23. Interstate 35 runs north–south. Pine County 61 passes through downtown Hinckley. Hinckley is along the Grindstone River; the Kettle River is nearby. Hinckley is the home of sister casino to Grand Casino Mille Lacs.
Camp Nathanael is located 16 miles east of Hinckley on Highway 48. The Ojibwe Indians were the first people to settle the Hinckley area, they hunted on the land and traded furs at the Mille Lacs and Pokegama trading posts. When European settlers came to the Hinckley area, it was a forested area with thick forests of white pine, some of the largest in the state; the first railroad arrived in Hinckley in 1869. Hinckley was founded as the Village of Central Station in 1885, the village was re-incorporated as the City of Hinckley in 1907. Both names were after Hinckley Township. Surrounding Hinckley Township was known as Central Station by the railroads because of its position halfway between the Twin Ports of Duluth and Superior as well as the Twin Cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul. Hinckley Township was named in 1870 after Isaac Hinckley, president of the Philadelphia and Baltimore Railroad. By 1894, Hinckley was a prosperous community that had everything needed to serve residents and the fast-expanding lumber industry.
On September 1, 1894, everything changed with a firestorm wiping out Hinckley and many northeastern Minnesota towns. Today the Hinckley Fire Museum, nine blocks west of Interstate 35 in downtown Hinckley, tells the devastating story of what came to be called the Great Hinckley Fire and the town’s recovery from it; the museum is located in a restored railroad depot downtown, an exact replica of the pre-fire depot, built just after the fire. After the fire, the burned stumps of the forests were cleared to take advantage of the now nutrient-rich soil. Hinckley’s recovery would hinge on agriculture; some of the main crops were potatoes and vegetables. The early harvests were bountiful. Abundant clover helped feed milk cows for a brisk dairy industry. Following the national trend in farming, Hinckley has lost most of its agricultural underpinnings; the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe opened Grand Casino Hinckley in 1992. As of the census of 2010, there were 1,800 people, 736 households, 409 families residing in the city.
The population density was 476.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 785 housing units at an average density of 207.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 82.4% White, 1.1% African American, 10.3% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.3% from other races, 5.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.5% of the population. There were 736 households of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.0% were married couples living together, 17.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 44.4% were non-families. 35.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.05. The median age in the city was 32.5 years. 28.4% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,291 people, 551 households, 332 families residing in the city.
The population density was 454.3 people per square mile. There were 614 housing units at an average density of 216.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 91.87% White, 0.15% African American, 5.81% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.08% from other races, 1.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.08% of the population. There were 551 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.2% were married couples living together, 17.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.7% were non-families. 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.95. In the city, the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.6 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $29,338, the median income for a family was $37,313. Males ha
Willow River, Minnesota
Willow River is a city in Pine County, United States, at the confluence of the Kettle and Willow Rivers. The population was 415 at the 2010 census. Interstate 35, County Road 43, County 61 are three of the main routes in the community. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.86 square miles, of which 1.71 square miles is land and 0.15 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 415 people, 173 households, 103 families residing in the city; the population density was 242.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 199 housing units at an average density of 116.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 95.7% White, 0.2% African American, 1.4% Native American, 0.2% from other races, 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.2% of the population. There were 173 households of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.0% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, 40.5% were non-families.
35.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.03. The median age in the city was 35.1 years. 26% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 47.7% male and 52.3% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 301 people, 130 households, 69 families residing in the city; the population density was 196.7 people per square mile. There were 155 housing units at an average density of 98.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 92.88% White, 4.53% Native American, 0.97% from other races, 1.62% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.94% of the population. There were 129 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.1% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 45.7% were non-families. 39.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.37. In the city, the population was spread out with 28.5% under the age of 18, 12.0% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $25,938, the median income for a family was $44,167. Males had a median income of $37,656 versus $25,417 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,620. About 16.1% of families and 16.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.3% of those under the age of eighteen and 18.6% of those sixty five or over. The first known settlement in what was to become the Village of Willow River, at the junctions of the Willow and Kettle Rivers, was an encampment of Ojibway Indians. In July 1850 a roadway connecting the upper Mississippi River and the Lake Superior country, named the Point Douglas to St. Louis River Road, more known as the government military road, went from just south of St. Paul to Duluth.
Willow River was chosen as a changing station for the coach horses. In 1861 the Lake Superior and Mississippi Railroad was organized with the financial help of Jay Cooke, it wasn't until August 1879. It was the railroad that helped promote living in the northern part of Minnesota; the railroad promoted the lumber industry. Many towns and villages, including Willow River, were organized. In March 1874 the Kettle River Township was organized and Willow River at this time consisted of a railroad depot, water tank, wood yard, two section houses built for the railroad hands. Pine County records show that the three sections of land that would make up the village of Willow River were homesteaded by Edward Clough, Albert Kinney, Peter Jarvis, Joseph Nebula, Richard Abbott. In 1886 Abbott sold his section of land to the Fox-Wisdom Lumber Company. In 1888 Jarvis sold his section to Fox-Wisdom. In the spring of 1890, Warren D. Fox and John Wisdom opened the Fox-Wisdom Lumber Company in Willow River; the company platted the land to build their business and offer lots for employees.
By 1895 Kinney had leased his land to Fox-Wisdom, Clough had sold all but 80 acres of his section in the northern part of the village. Joseph Nebula's section was past the lake and unusable to the company; the Fox-Wisdom Lumber Company sawmill was constructed and opened in March 1890. It was located on the south side of the present day Willow River dam. To ease the flow of logs, dams were built along the river to store water. There were as least three maintained by Fox-Wisdom, they were known as a Half," the "Willow Lake," and the "Oak Lake" dams. Sawmill operations continued until the freeze-up of the mill pond; the mill produced lumber and shingles employing about 125 men. The mill cut 125,000 feet of lumber per day during their peak season. Many who worked in the logging camps during the winter came to the mill to work in the spring. On May 8, 1891, the village plat was filed in Pine County; the Fox-Wisdom Lumber Company and its employees made up the majority of property owners. Willow River
Pine City, Minnesota
Pine City is a city in Pine County, Minnesota, in east central Minnesota. Pine City is the county seat of Pine County. A portion of the city is located on the Mille Lacs Indian Reservation. Founded as a railway town, it became a logging community and the surrounding lakes made it a resort town. Today, it exists in part as a commuter town to jobs in the Minneapolis–Saint Paul metropolitan area; the Dakota Indians were the first in the area. With the Ojibwa expansion, the area became a mixture of the two. By the early 19th century, the area became predominantly Ojibwa, they hunted on the land and traded furs at the nearby trading posts. With the Treaty of St. Peters of 1837, dubbed the "White Pine Treaty", lumbering began in the area. Lumbering, was limited by access to the available waterways. In the late 19th century, European settlers came to the Pine City area, still forested with thick stands of white pine, some of the largest in the state; when the railroad arrived in Pine City so began a logging expansion.
Pine City prospered and grew into a city that had everything needed to serve residents and the fast expanding lumber industry. Pine City was platted in 1869; the city was incorporated in 1881. When Buchanan County was merged with Pine County in 1861, the county seat was consolidated to Pine City because it was well-established; because of its location on the far southern edge of Pine County, there have been attempts over the years to move the county seat to more centrally located Hinckley and Sandstone. However, being the most populous city in the county, Pine City always prevailed as the county seat. In 2005, the city became the first in rural Minnesota with an annual gay pride event, East-Central Minnesota Pride, one of only two rural communities to hold such an event in the United States. A book capturing Pine City's history in vintage photos was written as part of the Images of America series and became available in 2010. Pine City is reached as a day trip for tourists from the Twin Cities who enjoy the downtown's specialty stores and restaurants as well as a nearby casino and recreational opportunities, including the scenic St. Croix River valley.
A local historical site situated along the Snake River, the Snake River Fur Post, has become a tourist draw. Pine City is home to two golf courses, the Pine City Country Club, a nine-hole, par 36 public course that opened in 1971, Pokegema Lake Golf Course, a course located just west of town; the Pine County Fair takes place in Pine City each year in late July/early August. A highlight of the fair is a three-night demolition derby, one of Minnesota's largest, drawing several thousand spectators each evening; the five-day event is a free gate fair and features free on-site parking. The Initiative Foundation named Pine City "Outstanding Community" of 2009 and the NAMM Foundation identified it as one of the "Best Communities for Music Education in America" for 2010, 2011 and 2012. In 2016, Movoto named Pine City one of "The 7 Best Towns in Minnesota for LGBT Families", it is a participant in the Green Steps program by the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.91 square miles, of which 3.44 square miles is land and 0.47 square miles is water.
Below is a table of average low temperatures throughout the year in Pine City. Of note, Pine City's early years included historic temperature extremes as it was the site of three record-setting cold temperatures: March 2, 1897 November 30, 1896 December 31, 1898 As of the census of 2000, there were 3,043 residents, 1,222 households, 734 families in the city; the population density was 1,076.3 people per square mile. There were 1,275 housing units at an average density of 451.0 per square mile. 95.58% White, 1.54% Native American, 1.22% Hispanic or Latino of any race, 0.74% Asian, 0.26% African American, 0.19% from other races, 0.03% Pacific Islander and 1.67% from two or more races. The city has continued to grow. In fact, it is one of only three small towns in Minnesota, along with Mora and Litchfield, to have never lost population. Much of the growth of the area occurs around the lakes in the neighboring townships, in Pokegama, Chengwatana or Pine City Township, as of the latest census, the Pine City Zip Code had 9,348 residents.
There were 1,222 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.9% were non-families. 34.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.04. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.3% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 17.9% from 45 to 64, 21.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $29,000 and the median income for a family was $37,000. Males had a median income of $30,000 versus $20,000 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,000. About 10.8% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.4% of those under age 18 and 14.1% of those age 65 or over.
Ancestry of Pine City residents is German, Norwegian and Czech. After the