Moscow is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits, 17 million within the urban area and 20 million within the metropolitan area. Moscow is one of Russia's federal cities. Moscow is the major political, economic and scientific center of Russia and Eastern Europe, as well as the largest city on the European continent. By broader definitions, Moscow is among the world's largest cities, being the 14th largest metro area, the 18th largest agglomeration, the 14th largest urban area, the 11th largest by population within city limits worldwide. According to Forbes 2013, Moscow has been ranked as the ninth most expensive city in the world by Mercer and has one of the world's largest urban economies, being ranked as an alpha global city according to the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, is one of the fastest growing tourist destinations in the world according to the MasterCard Global Destination Cities Index. Moscow is the coldest megacity on Earth.
It is home to the Ostankino Tower, the tallest free standing structure in Europe. By its territorial expansion on July 1, 2012 southwest into the Moscow Oblast, the area of the capital more than doubled, going from 1,091 to 2,511 square kilometers, resulting in Moscow becoming the largest city on the European continent by area. Moscow is situated on the Moskva River in the Central Federal District of European Russia, making it Europe's most populated inland city; the city is well known for its architecture its historic buildings such as Saint Basil's Cathedral with its colorful architectural style. With over 40 percent of its territory covered by greenery, it is one of the greenest capitals and major cities in Europe and the world, having the largest forest in an urban area within its borders—more than any other major city—even before its expansion in 2012; the city has served as the capital of a progression of states, from the medieval Grand Duchy of Moscow and the subsequent Tsardom of Russia to the Russian Empire to the Soviet Union and the contemporary Russian Federation.
Moscow is a seat of power of the Government of Russia, being the site of the Moscow Kremlin, a medieval city-fortress, today the residence for work of the President of Russia. The Moscow Kremlin and Red Square are one of several World Heritage Sites in the city. Both chambers of the Russian parliament sit in the city. Moscow is considered the center of Russian culture, having served as the home of Russian artists and sports figures and because of the presence of museums and political institutions and theatres; the city is served by a transit network, which includes four international airports, nine railway terminals, numerous trams, a monorail system and one of the deepest underground rapid transit systems in the world, the Moscow Metro, the fourth-largest in the world and largest outside Asia in terms of passenger numbers, the busiest in Europe. It is recognized as one of the city's landmarks due to the rich architecture of its 200 stations. Moscow has acquired a number of epithets, most referring to its size and preeminent status within the nation: The Third Rome, the Whitestone One, the First Throne, the Forty Soroks.
Moscow is one of the twelve Hero Cities. The demonym for a Moscow resident is "москвич" for male or "москвичка" for female, rendered in English as Muscovite; the name "Moscow" is abbreviated "MSK". The name of the city is thought to be derived from the name of the Moskva River. There have been proposed several theories of the origin of the name of the river. Finno-Ugric Merya and Muroma people, who were among the several Early Eastern Slavic tribes which inhabited the area, called the river Mustajoki, it has been suggested. The most linguistically well grounded and accepted is from the Proto-Balto-Slavic root *mŭzg-/muzg- from the Proto-Indo-European *meu- "wet", so the name Moskva might signify a river at a wetland or a marsh, its cognates include Russian: музга, muzga "pool, puddle", Lithuanian: mazgoti and Latvian: mazgāt "to wash", Sanskrit: májjati "to drown", Latin: mergō "to dip, immerse". In many Slavic countries Moskov is a surname, most common in Bulgaria, Russia and North Macedonia. There exist as well similar place names in Poland like Mozgawa.
The original Old Russian form of the name is reconstructed as *Москы, *Mosky, hence it was one of a few Slavic ū-stem nouns. As with other nouns of that declension, it had been undergoing a morphological transformation at the early stage of the development of the language, as a result the first written mentions in the 12th century were Московь, Moskovĭ, Москви, Moskvi, Москвe/Москвѣ, Moskve/Moskvě. From the latter forms came the modern Russian name Москва, a result of morphological generalisation with the numerous Slavic ā-stem nouns. However, the form Moskovĭ has left some traces in many other languages, such as English: Moscow, German: Moskau, French: Moscou, Georgian: მოსკოვი, Latvian: Maskava, Ottoman Turkish: Moskov, Tatar: Мәскәү, Mäskäw, Kazakh: Мәскеу, Mäskew, Chuvash: Мускав, etc. In a similar manner the Latin name Moscovia has been formed it became a collo
Zyuzino District is an administrative district, one of the twelve in South-Western Administrative Okrug of the federal city of Moscow, Russia. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 123,003; as a municipal division, it is incorporated as Zyuzino Municipal Okrug. Zyuzino have a 24-hours tramway connection to Moscow center Moscow children's ecological and biological center Московская городская Дума. Закон №13-47 от 5 июля 1995 г. «О территориальном делении города Москвы», в ред. Закона №38 от 26 июня 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в статью 4 Закона города Москвы от 5 июля 1995 г. №13-47 "О территориальном делении города Москвы" и Закон города Москвы от 15 октября 2003 года №59 "О наименованиях и границах внутригородских муниципальных образований в городе Москве"». Вступил в силу с момента опубликования. Опубликован: "Вестник Мэрии Москвы", №14, июль 1995.. Московская городская Дума. Закон №59 от 15 октября 2003 г. «О наименованиях и границах внутригородских муниципальных образований в городе Москве», в ред.
Закона №38 от 26 июня 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в статью 4 Закона города Москвы от 5 июля 1995 г. №13-47 "О территориальном делении города Москвы" и Закон города Москвы от 15 октября 2003 года №59 "О наименованиях и границах внутригородских муниципальных образований в городе Москве"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вестник Мэра и Правительства Москвы", №64, 5 ноября 2013 г
Southern Administrative Okrug
Southern Administrative Okrug, or Yuzhny Administrative Okrug, is one of the twelve high-level territorial divisions of the federal city of Moscow, Russia. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 1,716,808, up from 1,593,065 recorded during the 2002 Census; the territory that comprises modern Southern Administrative Okrug attracted settlers from time immemorial in spite of the fact that it had been an unsafe area. In order to protect the borders, powerful monasteries were built; the first one was the Danilov Monastery, founded in 1271 by Prince Daniel of Moscow. In 1593, the Donskoy Monastery was established to commemorate the victory over Khan Kazi-Girey. Villages grew near the monastery. Kolomna was one of the first villages to appear in the area. Urban development of the area began in the 16th–17th centuries, at which time the Kolomenskoye architectural ensemble was built; the Ascension Church in particular is listed by the UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. The administrative okrug comprises the following sixteen districts: Biryulyovo Vostochnoye Biryulyovo Zapadnoye Brateyevo Chertanovo Severnoye Chertanovo Tsentralnoye Chertanovo Yuzhnoye Danilovsky Donskoy Moskvorechye-Saburovo Nagatino-Sadovniki Nagatinsky zaton Nagorny Orekhovo-Borisovo Severnoye Orekhovo-Borisovo Yuzhnoye Tsaritsyno Zyablikovo Московская городская Дума.
Закон №13-47 от 5 июля 1995 г. «О территориальном делении города Москвы», в ред. Закона №38 от 26 июня 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в статью 4 Закона города Москвы от 5 июля 1995 г. №13-47 "О территориальном делении города Москвы" и Закон города Москвы от 15 октября 2003 года №59 "О наименованиях и границах внутригородских муниципальных образований в городе Москве"». Вступил в силу с момента опубликования. Опубликован: "Вестник Мэрии Москвы", №14, июль 1995
Savyolovskaya (Serpukhovsko–Timiryazevskaya line)
Savyolovskaya, alternatively transliterated Savelovskaya, is a station on Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. It has a depth of 52 metres, it opened on 31 December 1988 and was the northern terminus of the line until an extension in 1991 pushed the terminus out to Otradnoye. The entrance vestibule is on the main square in front of Savyolovsky rail terminal, from which the station gets its name. Connections at the rail terminal provide access to commuter trains serving destinations to the north of Moscow. Passengers are able to transfer to and from an identically named station on the Bolshaya Koltsevaya line since 30 December 2018. Metro.ru KartaMetro.info — Station location and exits on Moscow map
Annino (Moscow Metro)
Annino is a Moscow Metro station in the Chertanovo Yuzhnoye District, Southern Administrative Okrug, Moscow. It is on the Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya Line, between Ulitsa Akademika Yangelya and Bulvar Dmitriya Donskogo stations. Annino was opened on 12 December 2001; the station has two vestibules. The north vestibule goes to Varshavskoye Shosse; the south was opened on 15 June 2012. Annino station on official website of Moscow Metro Metro.ru
Mendeleyevskaya is a Moscow Metro station on the Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya Line. It is located in the Tverskoy District of central Moscow, it was opened on 31 December 1988. The station was designed by Nina Aleshina and Natalya Samoilova on the theme of Dmitri Mendeleev and his works, its depth is 48.5 meters. The transfer to the Novoslobodskaya station of the Koltsevaya Line is available. A stray dog named Malchik lived at the station, after his murder a statue was placed in the station. Mendeleyevskaya on metro.ru
Bulvar Dmitriya Donskogo
Bulvar Dmitriya Donskogo is a Moscow Metro station in the Severnoye Butovo District, South-Western Administrative Okrug, Russia. It is the southern terminus of the Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya line. Bulvar Dmitriya Donskogo, which opened in December 2002, is the newest station of the line, it was named for the street which, in turn, is named for Dmitry Donskoy. It is the first station of the system built outside the MKAD beltway encircling most of the city; the station offers transfers to Ulitsa Starokachalovskaya station of the Butovskaya line leading further south. There are two vestibules for station access; the second floor of the station is flanked with white marble. It features thick black columns with light grey ceiling tiles. A strip of green marble encases the outside of the second-level balconies, as viewed from the lower level of the station. Black and red granite adorn the floors. There are stairs connecting the platform and the upper level of the station