Allostock is a village and civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, about five miles south of Knutsford and 20 miles south of Manchester. Allostock was in the borough of Vale Royal until it was abolished on 1 April 2009 to form Cheshire West and Chester. Allostock is located on an affluent of the river Weaver, it had a population of 816 according to the 2011 census data as well as 325 households. John Bartholemew wrote this in 1887 about Allostock: "Allostock, Great Budworth par. Mid. Cheshire, 5 miles S. of Knutsford, 3017 ac. pop. 501." Allostock's name was developed from the Old English word ` Lostock'. The first part of the name, added to distinguish it from Lostock Gralam, may be from'Hall', or from'Auld' or'Old Lostock' which led to the name Allostock. Despite it being overlooked in the Doomsday Book, the origin of the name implies that the piggery was a growing concern before the Norman invasion and even the Romans; the earliest recorded reference of'Alostocke' was in the 13th century in the Leycester of Tabley papers.
During the Saxon settlement in the 7th-century part of today's Allostock was named'Bradshaw'. The name still exists in Brook, with Bradshaw Brook Farm, Bradshaw Brook Methodist church and Bradshaw House. Shakerley Mere is a former sand quarry, filled with water when production was stopped in the 1960s, it is home to much wildlife, where dog walking are popular activities around the area. There are two churches in Allostock, one is part of the ecclesiastical parish of St Oswald's, Lower Peover. There is Bradshaw Brooks Methodist church on Middlewich road. Allostock has no school and younger children attend Byley School – some going to Lower Peover C. E. Primary School. Older children can go to Holmes Chapel Comprehensive and Knutsford and Middlewich have comprehensive schools. There are three pubs/restaurants in Allostock, The Drovers Arms, The Three Greyhounds on the junction between Middlewich road and Holmes Chapel road, The Cottage located on the A50. Hulme Hall with its moat and medieval bridge is Allostock's oldest and most archaeologically significant monument.
The site is an English Heritage Scheduled Ancient Monument and the Hall and bridge are Grade II* listed structures. Danes settled at Hulme Hall in the 10th and 11th century and there are records than an Anglo-Norse squire who lived here, perished in the Battle of Namptwiche in the Northern Rebellion of 1069. "Houlme" was an early version of the Norse word meaning "land above the water" or "island". The Shakerleys built the 15th-century bridge, one entrance to Hulme Hall across the moat, 20 yards wide; the other entrance is reputed to be the site of the old drawbridge. Recent renovations have found evidence of medieval and earlier occupation, a record of, with the Chester Records Office. Allostock has links dating back to the 7th century. With known records of Allostock dating to the 13th century. Allostock is known with strong connections to the Grosvenors and the Shakerleys; the manor of Allostock was conveyed to the Grosvenors in the reign of Edward I by John de Lostock. The Grosvenors had their chief seat at Hulme in this township, till the death of Robert Grosvenor Esq. in whom the male line of the elder line became extinct in 1465, when his estates were divided between his daughters.
A part of the manor was inherited by Sir John Leicester, who married one of the heiresses of the Grosvenors. Mr Shakerley inherited a fifth from his ancestor, of Booths. In 1234 Richard Grosvenor of Hulme took over Hulme Hall from another Norman family; this Richard Grosvenor was related to the first Norman Earl of Chester. In 1269 Richard built a Chapel of Ease at Lower Peover to save the long journey to Great Budworth. In 1464 Robert Grosvenor had a Chantry Chapel built at Lower Peover, pulled down in 1547 under Henry VIII; the Grosvenors established Hulme Mill and Bradshaw Brook was diverted about ¾ of a mile to obtain a better head of water. In 1453 the Shakerleys inherited Hulme Hall and about 1000 acres of Allostock's 3000 acres, through the female line. Several of the Shakerleys are buried in the Shakerley Chapel in the south aisle of Lower Peover Church where memorials may be seen including one to Sir Geoffrey Shakerley who fought for the King in the Civil War. At the Battle of Rowton Moor near Chester, Sir Geoffrey rowed across the Dee in an old tub with his horse swimming beside him.
Roundheads were blocking the roads and he needed to warn the King. The King hesitated with his orders. Sir Geoffrey rowed back but arrived too late and the battle was lost. In Lower Peover Church the Shakerley crest can still be seen on several of the box pew ends; the pews were reserved for the Shakerley tenants. In 1720 the Shakerleys built Somerford Hall as their main residence and Hulme Hall became a farm house. Listed buildings in Allostock
Neston is a small residential town and civil parish in the borough of Cheshire West and Chester. It is situated on the part of the Wirral Peninsula that remains in the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. Parkgate is located to the north west and the villages of Little Neston and Ness to the south of the town. At the 2001 Census the population of Neston ward was recorded as 3,521, increasing to 4,329 at the 2011 Census; the town and civil parish includes Little Neston. The name is of Viking origin, deriving from the Old Norse Nes-tún, meaning'farmstead at/near the promontory'. Another Nesttun town can be found near Norway, it is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Nestone under the ownership of a William Fitznigel. A royal charter was granted to Neston in 1728 in support of its status as a market town; the current town was known as Great Neston, in order to be distinct from the smaller nearby hamlet of Little Neston. Before the rise of Birkenhead in the 1820s, it was the largest town in the Wirral Hundred.
Great Neston included the hamlets of Clayhill, Hinderton and part of Parkgate. The population of Great Neston was 1,486 in 1801 and 1,524 in 1851. In 1894, both Great Neston and Little Neston were combined to create Neston-cum-Parkgate and by 1901, the population had risen to 2,201. Neston was a major port before the River Dee silted up; the port was shifted further downstream to the nearby town of Parkgate, although by early nineteenth century, most traffic had transferred to Liverpool. Neston is a former mining town, with a colliery located at the nearby hamlet of Denhall. Opened in 1760 by Sir John Stanley, the coal mine consisted of numerous shafts, some of which were dug out underneath the river. Due to the silting up of the River Dee, coal shipments to Ireland and North Wales ended. Alternative custom was secured from the railways, brought about by the building of a link to the constructed Chester & Birkenhead Railway's branch to Parkgate; the Wirral Colliery at Neston was taken over by the British government during the First World War.
The pit subsequently returned to private ownership after the war, but increasing competition from larger mines precipitated in its closure in 1928. Suburban localities of Neston are: Ness Clayhill Burton Little Neston Hinderton ParkgatePrevious suburbs of Neston: Leighton Nessholt The A540 road links Neston to Heswall and West Kirby to the north, Cheshire and North Wales to the south. Neston is close to the M53 and M56 motorways, giving it access to Liverpool and the larger M6 motorway. Neston railway station is situated on the Borderlands Line, providing direct services southbound to Flintshire and Wrexham, northbound to Bidston in Birkenhead, with connecting services to the Merseyrail network. Merseytravel have been investigating the possibility of linking up the Bidston - Wrexham line to the electrified Merseyrail system. One of the main local attractions is Ness Botanic Gardens, opened in 1898 and administered by the University of Liverpool. On the first Thursday of June, Neston annually celebrates Ladies Day.
This is a unique marching day that has links to the Neston Female Friendly Society during the Napoleonic War. Neston has a Cricket Club located in Parkgate that plays in the Cheshire County Cricket ECB Premier League. Members of Neston Cricket Club can play bowls, squash and tennis. Neston High School serves the local secondary age students. Christianity: 82.6% No Religion: 10.7% Non Specified: 6.1% Muslim: 0.2% Jewish: 0.1% Buddhism: 0.2% Sikh: 0.1% Other: 0.1% Recently, Neston has undergone an assessment to attract more income and tourists, in the form of the Neston Market Town Initiative. The project included the launch of a new town website; the NMTI involved improving the'look' of the town centre and controversial plans regarding a new supermarket on the site of Brook Street car park. Work for the new supermarket began in March 2009 with a full archaeological dig being carried out on the car park site before construction work began. Work to excavate the site began in August 2009, a total of 28,000 cubic meters of earth was removed to allow for the construction of a multi story car park.
The new Sainsbury's store was opened on 1 December 2010. On 31 March 2008 the Market Town Initiative project was completed; the community regeneration work will be continued by a new local community association, ch64inc, by the establishment of a Town Council in 2009. Thomas Wilson Bishop of Sodor and Man between 1697 and 1755. Emma, Lady Hamilton an English model and actress, mistress of Lord Nelson and muse of the portrait artist, George Romney Sir Wilfred Grenfell KCMG a medical missionary to Newfoundland Lieutenant Colonel Christopher Bushell VC DSO an English recipient of the Victoria Cross Billy Congreve VC, DSO, MC an English recipient of the Victoria Cross Rosalind Hill, historian George Ward Gunn VC MC an English recipient of the Victoria Cross Ralph Millington an English footballer who played 357 games for Tranmere Rovers F. C. Sir Tim Hunt FRS FMedSci FRSE MAE a British biochemist and molecular physiologist, jointly awarded the 2001 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for discoveries about protein molecules Patrick Wormald a British historian and acade
Croughton is a hamlet and civil parish on the outskirts and 3.5 miles north of the city of Chester, part of the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county Cheshire. The Shropshire Union canal runs through Croughton. Croughton is a settlement in St. Oswald's ancient parish, which became a civil parish in 1866; the population was 33 in 1801 and 22 in 1851, these dates being the earliest in the census for the United Kingdom. The Parish Council is the level of local government in Cheshire West and Chester nearest to the people of Croughton; the old parishes were formed at a time when there was little difference between the Church and the State, a parish such as Croughton formed around a village or other small settlement, centred on the Parish Church. The name "Croughton" means bend in the water. Croughton can be found in the Domesday Book, it has one recorded gazetteer descriptive entry, dated 1887. W. Cheshire, on Mersey Canal, 4½ miles NE. of Chester, 281 ac. pop. 29."
Written by John Bartholomew. Some data was given in 1881 as to. Overall, 19 people and female, were accounted for in the data. Compared to the census data of the same year, either the 10 remaining people were unaccounted for, were children or had died by the time the data was collected. The'1881 Data for the occupations of Croughton' chart below shows the data for the 1881 occupational census data for the township of Croughton. Due to the location of Croughton, being rural, it's unsurprising that the majority of people worked in agriculture; the settlement is made up of buildings along a stretch of road. The hamlet is a rural community, consisting of residential housing with detached and semi detached housing, as well as being made up of fields behind the settlement and some farms. There are no shops in the settlement, public transport is scarce, with the only bus stops being in the neighbouring village. In terms of leisure, there are no pubs, bars or restaurants in Croughton, the nearest being Ellesmere Port and Chester.
Although the population of Croughton has changed every year of the census, the population has always remained small, giving it a hamlet status. The first recorded census data for Croughton was recorded in 1881, shows a total population of 29; the graph on the right shows the differences in data. There is no data for 1941 as there was no census recorded during World War II and data from 1961-91 is unclear. There is no steady pattern in population change. By road, Croughton can be accessed via 2 roads. Caughall road, which comes off of the A41, leading to Croughton Road or Wervin Road coming from the north. Both roads join together south of Croughton, forming a loop; the nearest motorways are the M53 and M56. There is no bus stop in Croughton, the nearest one is on Wervin Road Wervin, a civil parish 1/4 of a mile away, where there are two bus stops; the DB2 bus provides transport services to the nearest main settlements, including Chester and Ellesmere Port. There is no railway station in Croughton.
The parish contains one listed building. This is the bridge carrying the road over the Shropshire Union Canal to the northwest of the village, it dates from about 1795, is constructed in brick with stone dressings, consists of a single segmental arch. It is designated at Grade II, this grade being the lowest of the three gradings given to listed buildings and is applied to "buildings of national importance and special interest"
Christleton is a village and civil parish on the outskirts of Chester in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. The 2001 Census recorded a population for the entire civil parish of 2,112; the Shropshire Union Canal passes through the village. There is a large pond situated by the village known as "Christleton Pit" which attracts children from the village and surrounding areas due to the abundance of wildlife and ducks, its history can be traced with certainty to the Domesday Book, which contains an entry for Christletone, though there is evidence of earlier occupation. The Old Hall dates from the 17th century, it was built for a member of the Egerton family of Tatton Park. The Anglican church is dedicated to St James and the current building was designed by William Butterfield and was consecrated in 1877; the church's continuous list of clergy dates back to 1215. Christleton Old Hall is a former country house in a Grade II * listed building.
The village has a Methodist church. It has a large comprehensive high school, called Christleton High School, a smaller primary school, it has a branch of The College of Law based in Christleton Hall The village's amenities include a sports centre and swimming pool, a newsagent shop, Women's institute and local pubs the Ring O Bells, the Cheshire Cat and The Plough. It has been the best kept village in Cheshire in 2001, 2002, 2003 and 2004. Christleton FC play in West Cheshire League. Billy Matthews, former Wales international footballer, lived latterly in Christleton and is buried in the churchyard under a CWGC headstone as'Shoeing Smith William Mathews, Royal Field Artillery'. Lt. Colonel John Dolphin CBE, born in Christleton in 1 October 1905 Listed buildings in Christleton
Chester is a walled city in Cheshire, England, on the River Dee, close to the border with Wales. With a population of 118,200 in 2011, it is the most populous settlement of Cheshire West and Chester, which had a population of 332,200 in 2014. Chester was granted city status in 1541. Chester was founded as a "castrum" or Roman fort with the name Deva Victrix in the reign of the Emperor Vespasian in 79 AD. One of the main army camps in Roman Britain, Deva became a major civilian settlement. In 689, King Æthelred of Mercia founded the Minster Church of West Mercia, which became Chester's first cathedral, the Saxons extended and strengthened the walls to protect the city against the Danes. Chester was one of the last cities in England to fall to the Normans. William the Conqueror ordered the construction of a castle, to dominate the town and the nearby Welsh border. Chester is one of the best preserved walled cities in Britain, it has a number of medieval buildings, but some of the black-and-white buildings within the city centre are Victorian restorations.
Apart from a 100-metre section, the listed Grade I walls are complete. The Industrial Revolution brought railways and new roads to the city, which saw substantial expansion and development – Chester Town Hall and the Grosvenor Museum are examples of Victorian architecture from this period; the Roman Legio II Adiutrix during the reign of the Emperor Vespasian founded Chester in AD 79, as a "castrum" or Roman fort with the name Deva Victrix. It was established in the land of the Celtic Cornovii, according to ancient cartographer Ptolemy, as a fortress during the Roman expansion northward, was named Deva either after the goddess of the Dee, or directly from the British name for the river. The'victrix' part of the name was taken from the title of the Legio XX Valeria Victrix, based at Deva. Central Chester's four main roads, Northgate and Bridgegate, follow routes laid out at this time. A civilian settlement grew around the military base originating from trade with the fortress; the fortress was 20% larger than other fortresses in the Roman province of Britannia built around the same time at York and Caerleon.
The civilian amphitheatre, built in the 1st century, could seat between 8,000 and 10,000 people. It is the largest known military amphitheatre in Britain, is a Scheduled Monument; the Minerva Shrine in the Roman quarry is the only rock cut. The fortress was garrisoned by the legion until at least the late 4th century. Although the army had abandoned the fortress by 410 when the Romans retreated from Britannia, the Romano-British civilian settlement continued and its occupants continued to use the fortress and its defences as protection from raiders from the Irish Sea. After the Roman troops withdrew, the Romano-British established a number of petty kingdoms. Chester is thought to have become part of Powys. Deverdoeu was a Welsh name for Chester as late as the 12th century. Another, attested in the 9th-century History of the Britons traditionally attributed to Nennius, is Cair Legion. King Arthur is said to have fought his ninth battle at the "city of the legions" and St Augustine came to the city to try to unite the church, held his synod with the Welsh Bishops.
In 616, Æthelfrith of Northumbria defeated a Welsh army at the brutal and decisive Battle of Chester, established the Anglo-Saxon position in the area from on. The Northumbrian Anglo-Saxons used an Old English equivalent of the British name, Legacæstir, current until the 11th century, when, in a further parallel with Welsh usage, the first element fell out of use and the simple name Chester emerged. In 689, King Æthelred of Mercia founded the Minster Church of West Mercia on what is considered to be an early Christian site: it is known as the Minster of St John the Baptist, Chester which became the first cathedral. Much the body of Æthelred's niece, St Werburgh, was removed from Hanbury in Staffordshire in the 9th century and, to save it from desecration by Danish marauders, was reburied in the Church of SS Peter & Paul - to become the Abbey Church, her name is still remembered in St Werburgh's Street which passes alongside the cathedral, near the city walls. The Saxons extended and strengthened the walls of Chester to protect the city against the Danes, who occupied it for a short time until Alfred seized all the cattle and laid waste the surrounding land to drive them out.
It was Lady of the Mercians, that built the new Saxon burh. A new Church dedicated to St Peter alone was founded in AD 907 by the Lady Æthelfleda at what was to become the Cross. In 973, the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that, two years after his coronation at Bath, King Edgar of England came to Chester where he held his court in a palace in a place now known as Edgar's Field near the old Dee bridge in Handbridge. Taking the helm of a barge, he was rowed the short distance up the River Dee from Edgar's Field to the great Minster Church of St John the Baptist by six (the monk Henry Bradshaw records he
Cheshire is a county in North West England, bordering Merseyside and Greater Manchester to the north, Derbyshire to the east and Shropshire to the south and Flintshire and Wrexham county borough to the west. Cheshire's county town is the City of Chester. Other major towns include Crewe, Ellesmere Port, Northwich, Runcorn and Winsford The county covers 905 square miles and has a population of around 1 million, it is rural, with a number of small towns and villages supporting the agricultural and other industries which produce Cheshire cheese, salt and silk. Cheshire's name was derived from an early name for Chester, was first recorded as Legeceasterscir in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, meaning "the shire of the city of legions". Although the name first appears in 980, it is thought that the county was created by Edward the Elder around 920. In the Domesday Book, Chester was recorded as having the name Cestrescir, derived from the name for Chester at the time. A series of changes that occurred as English itself changed, together with some simplifications and elision, resulted in the name Cheshire, as it occurs today.
Because of the close links with the land bordering Cheshire to the west, which became modern Wales, there is a history of interaction between Cheshire and North Wales. The Domesday Book records Cheshire as having two complete Hundreds that became the principal part of Flintshire. Additionally, another large portion of the Duddestan Hundred became known as Maelor Saesneg when it was transferred to North Wales. For this and other reasons, the Welsh language name for Cheshire is sometimes used. After the Norman conquest of 1066 by William I, dissent and resistance continued for many years after the invasion. In 1069 local resistance in Cheshire was put down using draconian measures as part of the Harrying of the North; the ferocity of the campaign against the English populace was enough to end all future resistance. Examples were made of major landowners such as Earl Edwin of Mercia, their properties confiscated and redistributed amongst Norman barons. William I made Cheshire a county palatine and gave Gerbod the Fleming the new title of Earl of Chester.
When Gerbod returned to Normandy in about 1070, the king used his absence to declare the earldom forfeit and gave the title to Hugh d'Avranches. Because of Cheshire's strategic location on Welsh Marches, the Earl had complete autonomous powers to rule on behalf of the king in the county palatine; the earldom was sufficiently independent from the kingdom of England that the 13th-century Magna Carta did not apply to the shire of Chester, so the earl wrote up his own Chester Charter at the petition of his barons. Cheshire in the Domesday Book is recorded as a much larger county, it included two hundreds and Exestan, that became part of North Wales. At the time of the Domesday Book, it included as part of Duddestan Hundred the area of land known as English Maelor in Wales; the area between the Mersey and Ribble formed part of the returns for Cheshire. Although this has been interpreted to mean that at that time south Lancashire was part of Cheshire, more exhaustive research indicates that the boundary between Cheshire and what was to become Lancashire remained the River Mersey.
With minor variations in spelling across sources, the complete list of hundreds of Cheshire at this time are: Atiscross, Chester, Exestan, Middlewich, Roelau, Tunendune and Wilaveston. Feudal baronies or baronies by tenure were granted by the Earl as forms of feudal land tenure within the palatinate in a similar way to which the king granted English feudal baronies within England proper. An example is the barony of Halton. One of Hugh d'Avranche's barons has been identified as Robert Nicholls, Baron of Halton and Montebourg. In 1182 the land north of the Mersey became administered as part of the new county of Lancashire, thus resolving any uncertainty about the county in which the land "Inter Ripam et Mersam" was. Over the years, the ten hundreds consolidated and changed names to leave just seven—Broxton, Eddisbury, Nantwich and Wirral. In 1397 the county had lands in the march of Wales added to its territory, was promoted to the rank of principality; this was because of the support the men of the county had given to King Richard II, in particular by his standing armed force of about 500 men called the "Cheshire Guard".
As a result, the King's title was changed to "King of England and France, Lord of Ireland, Prince of Chester". No other English county has been honoured in this way, although it lost the distinction on Richard's fall in 1399. Through the Local Government Act 1972, which came into effect on 1 April 1974, some areas in the north became part of the metropolitan counties of Greater Manchester and Merseyside. Stockport, Hyde and Stalybridge in the north-east became part of Greater Manchester. Much of the Wirral Peninsula in the north-west, including the county boroughs of Birkenhead and Wallasey, joined Merseyside as the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral. At the same time the Tintwistle Rural District was transferred to Derbyshire; the area of south Lancashire not included within either the Merseyside or Greater Manchester counties, including Widnes and the county b
Anderton with Marbury
Anderton with Marbury is a civil parish in the unitary authority of Cheshire West and Chester and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. It had a population of 582 according to the 2001 census, reducing to 571 at the 2011 Census, includes the villages of Anderton and Marbury; the eastern part of the parish lies in the Northwich Community Woodlands which includes Marbury Country Park, situated in the grounds of the old Marbury Hall, Anderton Nature Park. Anderton is known for the Victorian Anderton Boat Lift, the model for other European boat lifts, it is restored and raises boats 50 feet from the River Weaver to the Trent and Mersey Canal. Listed buildings in Anderton with Marbury Christine Hamlett, Jackie Hamlett.