Green is the color between blue and yellow on the visible spectrum. It is evoked by light which has a dominant wavelength of 495–570 nm. In subtractive color systems, used in painting and color printing, it is created by a combination of yellow and blue, or yellow and cyan. By far the largest contributor to green in nature is chlorophyll, the chemical by which plants photosynthesize and convert sunlight into chemical energy. Many creatures have adapted to their green environments by taking on a green hue themselves as camouflage. Several minerals have a green color, including the emerald, colored green by its chromium content. During post-classical and early modern Europe, green was the color associated with wealth, merchants and the gentry, while red was reserved for the nobility. For this reason, the costume of the Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci and the benches in the British House of Commons are green while those in the House of Lords are red, it has a long historical tradition as the color of Ireland and of Gaelic culture.
It is the historic color of Islam, representing the lush vegetation of Paradise. It was the color of the banner of Muhammad, is found in the flags of nearly all Islamic countries. In surveys made in American and Islamic countries, green is the color most associated with nature, health, spring and envy. In the European Union and the United States, green is sometimes associated with toxicity and poor health, but in China and most of Asia, its associations are positive, as the symbol of fertility and happiness; because of its association with nature, it is the color of the environmental movement. Political groups advocating environmental protection and social justice describe themselves as part of the Green movement, some naming themselves Green parties; this has led to similar campaigns in advertising, as companies have sold green, or environmentally friendly, products. Green is the traditional color of safety and permission; the word green comes from the Middle English and Old English word grene, like the German word grün, has the same root as the words grass and grow.
It is from a Common Germanic *gronja-, reflected in Old Norse grænn, Old High German gruoni from a PIE root *ghre- "to grow", root-cognate with grass and to grow. The first recorded use of the word as a color term in Old English dates to ca. AD 700. Latin with viridis has a genuine and used term for "green". Related to virere "to grow" and ver "spring", it gave rise to words in several Romance languages, French vert, Italian verde; the Slavic languages with zelenъ. Ancient Greek had a term for yellowish, pale green – χλωρός, cognate with χλοερός "verdant" and χλόη "chloe, the green of new growth". Thus, the languages mentioned above have old terms for "green" which are derived from words for fresh, sprouting vegetation. However, comparative linguistics makes clear that these terms were coined independently, over the past few millennia, there is no identifiable single Proto-Indo-European or word for "green". For example, the Slavic zelenъ is cognate with Sanskrit hari "yellow, golden"; the Turkic languages have jašɨl "green" or "yellowish green", compared to a Mongolian word for "meadow".
In some languages, including old Chinese, old Japanese, Vietnamese, the same word can mean either blue or green. The Chinese character 青 has a meaning that covers both green. In more contemporary terms, they are 綠 respectively. Japanese has two terms that refer to the color green, 緑 and グリーン. However, in Japan, although the traffic lights have the same colors as other countries have, the green light is described using the same word as for blue, because green is considered a shade of aoi. Vietnamese uses a single word for both blue and green, with variants such as xanh da trời, lục. "Green" in modern European languages corresponds to about 520–570 nm, but many historical and non-European languages make other choices, e.g. using a term for the range of ca. 450–530 nm and another for ca. 530–590 nm. In the comparative study of color terms in the world's languages, green is only found as a separate category in languages with the developed range of six colors, or more in systems with five colors; these languages have introduced supplementary vocabulary to denote "green", but these terms are recognizable as recent adoptions that are not in origin color terms.
Thus, the Thai word เขียว kheīyw, besides mean
Julian Knight (politician)
Julian Carlton Knight is a British Conservative Party politician. He was elected as the Member of Parliament for Solihull in 2015. Knight was born in 1972 in Chester, grew up in a lone parent family, he attended Chester Catholic High School, went on to study History at the University of Hull, the first in his family to do so. After graduating, Knight moved to London to find work, doing a variety of jobs before finding a job on a local newspaper, he moved up in journalism over the intervening years, working for the BBC as personal finance and consumer affairs reporter for five years until 2007, working across online, TV and radio. In 2007 he became the Property Editor of The Independent on Sunday. In 2014, Knight was selected to be the Conservative candidate for Solihull, a former Conservative safe seat, won by the Liberal Democrats in the 2005 General Election. At the 2015 General Election Knight won the seat back for the Conservatives with a majority of 12,902, after an 11.9 per cent swing towards the Conservatives.
Prior to the 2016 referendum on the UK’s membership within the European Union, Knight campaigned to remain but now backs the Conservative Party policy of exiting the EU. Knight defended his seat at the 2017 general election and was returned with an increased majority of 20,571, winning with more than 58 per cent of the vote. In January 2018, Knight was appointed Parliamentary Private Secretary at the Minstistry of Justice providing unpaid support to Ministers. Knight serves as the Prime Ministerial Trade Envoy to Mongolia, where he forms part of a network of parliamentarians with the role to strengthen relations with foreign countries, aide British businesses in accessing foreign markets. In April 2018, Knight made his first visit to the country as Trade Envoy. Knight is due to make his second visit in September 2018. From July 2015 to April 2017, Knight served as a member of the House of Commons Communities and Local Government Committee, during which time he co-sponsored the Government’s Homelessness Reduction Act 2017.
Since December 2016 he has served on the Culture and Sport Committee the Digital, Culture and Sport Committee. In that role he has made several high-profile interventions, including on the BBC gender pay row and against Facebook during the Committee’s inquiry into'fake news'. Knight has written books on a variety of subjects for the'For Dummies' Series, including the Euro crisis, Retiring Wealthy and The Royal Wedding. Knight lives in Solihull, he is married to a former nurse. Profile at Parliament of the United Kingdom Contributions in Parliament at Hansard 2010–present Voting record at Public Whip Record in Parliament at TheyWorkForYou
Sandbach School is a free school in Sandbach, north-west England. It was established in 1677 by local philanthropists, including Richard Lea, who donated the land for the school, Francis Welles, who helped to fund the schoolhouse, it was located at Egerton Lodge, Middlewich Road, before moving into a new set of buildings designed by George Gilbert Scott in 1851. It became an independent school in 1945, a state-funded independent grammar school in 1955, it became a state-funded independent school accepting boys of all abilities in 1979. In 2011, it became one of the country's first free schools. There are 1220 pupils in the school, aged 11–18; the lower school, years 7 to 11, is boys, the sixth form is coeducational. The current headteacher is Sarah Burns, who assumed the role in 2008. In 2011, 96.7% of the students identified as White British, 6.9% of students had some form of Special Educational Need. Two-thirds of pupils are from the Sandbach and Haslington area, with the remaining third coming from the Crewe area.
The school is the largest provider of adult education in the area. A school existed in Sandbach as early as 1578, when the York visitation returns referred to a schoolmaster in the town. In 1606, the parish register mentioned a schoolmaster in the town. However, it was not until 1677 when the grammar school proper was founded by Richard Lea, after he gave a piece of land for the schoolhouse. Francis Welles and others paid for the construction of the schoolhouse. In 1718, a deed was drawn up that demonstrated how the school should be managed and gave instructions for the appointment of governors and a master. 20 poor boys of Sandbach were to be educated at the new school, the second master was to have been the parish curate. By 1816, the school was located at Egerton Lodge, Middlewich Road. In 1848, a private Act of Parliament was passed that set out how the school should be better managed. An annual salary of £140 was set for the schoolmaster, of £60 to the second master. From 1849, the school's buildings were replaced by buildings designed in the early English style by George Gilbert Scott.
It entered these new buildings in 1851. By 1890, the school had a laboratory and swimming bath. In 1909, the school acquired eligibility for the Board of Education grants, however, in 1945, the government decided that the school should no longer have direct access to these grants; the governors chose independence rather than becoming a local education authority school. The school operated as an independent school until 1955, when it entered into a unique agreement with Cheshire County Council that it would maintain its independence and charitable status but operate as the boys' day grammar school in south-east Cheshire. In 1957, to help to alleviate the shortage of grammar school places in south-east Cheshire, the governors agreed with the local education authority to provide 60 places for boys based on residence, not ability. In 1976, these were increased in 180. In the same year, Sandbach School was first listed as a Grade II Listed building. 1979 saw the school enter into a new agreement with the LEA that it would have an all-ability intake of boys from a defined area of south-east Cheshire.
In September 2011, Sandbach School became one of the first 24 free schools to open in the country. At the last Ofsted inspection, in 2008, the school had 1167 students. In 2011, it was reported the school had 1220 students and was to rise to its capacity of 1265 by 2012/13 as a result of "organic growth due to rising demographics"; the main primary school feeders to Sandbach School are Sandbach Primary, Wheelock Primary, Haslington Primary, The Dingle Primary, St John’s Primary, Elworth Hall Primary, Elworth C of E Primary and Offley Road Primary. There are six other secondary schools and sixth forms in a five-mile radius: Sandbach High School and Sixth Form College, Holmes Chapel Comprehensive School, Alsager School, Sir William Stanier School, Middlewich High School and Congleton High School. In year 10 and 11, a range of GCSEs and vocational subjects are offered. At sixth form, the school offers A-Levels and BTECs. Sandbach School Adult Education Department is the largest provider of adult education courses in South Cheshire, offering up to 100 courses on Tuesday and Thursday evenings.
The school has a wide range of extra-curricular activities including international mentors, reading club, war games club, languages club, many musical ensembles, drama/theatre, Duke Of Edinburgh, rock climbing and many sports clubs. There is a Combined Cadet Force contingent based at the school, which offers the vocational qualification of BTEC First Diploma in Public Service, worth four GCSEs in conjunction with the school; the contingent is run by Lt Col R. J. Ayres, a former teacher at the school; the school has a number of sports teams, including in rugby union, association football, field hockey, athletics, swimming, cross country, golf. In 2010, the school's 1st XV rugby team won the Daily Mail Vase, the English schools rugby union cup; the final, held at Twickenham Stadium, saw Sandbach School beat Norwich School by 14-3. Hooker Rory Barton and No. 8 Rory Prentice both scored tries for Sandbach in the match. The school has had success playing football in the Cheshire Schools FA competitions.
In 2017-2018, the school won the U18 Don Ormes Cup for Schools. Historical results include winning the U18 Don Ormes Cup in 2011-2012, the U13 Redrow Cheshire Cup in 2015-2016, the U15 Emberton Cup in 2011-2012. In 2017, Sandbach School's U13 cricket team won the U13 Hill Hopkins Trophy of the Cheshire Schools Cricket Association, beating Birkenhead School. In 2015, the school won the U12 Campey Cup, beating King's Schoo
A secondary school is both an organization that provides secondary education and the building where this takes place. Some secondary schools can provide both lower secondary education and upper secondary education, but these can be provided in separate schools, as in the American middle and high school system. Secondary schools follow on from primary schools and lead into vocational and tertiary education. Attendance is compulsory in most countries for students between the ages of 11 and 16; the organisations and terminology are more or less unique in each country. Within the English speaking world, there are three used systems to describe the age of the child; the first is the'equivalent ages' countries that base their education systems on the'English model' use one of two methods to identify the year group, while countries that base their systems on the'American K-12 model' refer to their year groups as'grades'. This terminology extends into research literature. Below is a convenient comparison.
The building needs to accommodate: Curriculum content Teaching methods Costs Education within the political framework Use of school building Constraints imposed by the site Design philosophyEach country will have a different education system and priorities. Schools need to accommodate students, storage and electrical systems, support staff, ancillary staff and administration; the number of rooms required can be determined from the predicted roll of the school and the area needed. According to standards used in the United Kingdom, a general classroom for 30 students needs to be 55 m², or more generously 62 m². A general art room for 30 students needs to be 83 m ². A drama studio or a specialist science laboratory for 30 needs to be 90 m². Examples are given on, and 1,850 place secondary school. The building providing the education has to fulfil the needs of: The students, the teachers, the non-teaching support staff, the administrators and the community, it has to meet general government building guidelines, health requirements, minimal functional requirements for classrooms and showers, electricity and services and storage of textbooks and basic teaching aids.
An optimum secondary school will meet the minimum conditions and will have: adequately sized classrooms. Government accountants having read the advice publish minimum guidelines on schools; these enable environmental establishing building costs. Future design plans are audited to ensure. Government ministries continue to press for cost standards to be reduced; the UK government published this downwardly revised space formula in 2014. It said the floor area should be 1050m² + 6.3m²/pupil place for 11- to 16-year-olds + 7m²/pupil place for post-16s. The external finishes were to be downgraded to meet a build cost of £1113/m². A secondary school locally may be called high senior high school. In some countries there are two phases to secondary education and, here the junior high school, intermediate school, lower secondary school, or middle school occurs between the primary school and high school. Names for secondary schools by countryArgentina: secundaria or polimodal, escuela secundaria Australia: high school, secondary college Austria: Gymnasium, Hauptschule, Höhere Bundeslehranstalt, Höhere Technische Lehranstalt Azerbaijan: orta məktəb Bahamas, The: junior high, senior high Belgium: lagere school/école primaire, secundair onderwijs/école secondaire, humaniora/humanités Bolivia: educación primaria superior and educación secundaria and Herzegovina: srednja škola, gimnazija Brazil: ensino médio, segundo grau Brunei: sekolah menengah, a few maktab Bulgaria: cредно образование Canada: High school, junior high or middle school, secondary school, école secondaire, collegiate institute, polyvalente Chile: enseñanza media China: zhong xue, consisting of chu zhong from grades 7 to 9 and gao zhong from grades 10 to 12 Colombia: bachillerato, segunda enseñanza Croatia: srednja škola, gimnazija Cyprus: Γυμνάσιο, Ενιαίο Λύκειο Czech Republic: střední škola, gymnázium, střední odborné učiliště Denmark: gymnasium Dominican Republic: nivel medio, bachillerato Egypt: Thanawya Amma, Estonia: upper secondary school, Lyceum Finland: lukio gymnasium France: collège, lycée Germany: Gymnasium, Realschule, Fachoberschule Greece: Γυμνάσιο, Γενικό Λύκειο, Ενιαίο Λύκειο, Hong Kong: Secondary school Hungary: gimnázium, k
Mixed-sex education known as mixed-gender education, co-education or coeducation, is a system of education where males and females are educated together. Whereas single-sex education was more common up to the 19th century, mixed-sex education has since become standard in many cultures in Western countries. Single-sex education, remains prevalent in many Muslim countries; the relative merits of both systems have been the subject of debate. The world's oldest co-educational day and boarding school is Dollar Academy, a junior and senior school for males and females from ages 5 to 18 in Scotland, United Kingdom. From its opening in 1818 the school admitted both boys and girls of the parish of Dollar and the surrounding area; the school continues in existence to the present day with around 1,250 pupils. The first co-educational college to be founded was Oberlin Collegiate Institute in Ohio, it opened on December 3, 1833, including 29 men and 15 women. Equal status for women did not arrive until 1837, the first three women to graduate with bachelor's degrees did so in 1840.
By the late 20th century, many institutions of higher learning, for people of one sex had become coeducational. In early civilizations, people were educated informally: within the household; as time progressed, education became more formal. Women had few rights when education started to become a more important aspect of civilization. Efforts of the ancient Greek and Chinese societies focused on the education of males. In ancient Rome, the availability of education was extended to women, but they were taught separately from men; the early Christians and medieval Europeans continued this trend, single-sex schools for the privileged classes prevailed through the Reformation period. In the 16th century, at the Council of Trent, the Roman Catholic church reinforced the establishment of free elementary schools for children of all classes; the concept of universal elementary education, regardless of sex, had been created. After the Reformation, coeducation was introduced in western Europe, when certain Protestant groups urged that boys and girls should be taught to read the Bible.
The practice became popular in northern England and colonial New England, where young children, both male and female, attended dame schools. In the late 18th century, girls were admitted to town schools; the Society of Friends in England, as well as in the United States, pioneered coeducation as they did universal education, in Quaker settlements in the British colonies and girls attended school together. The new free public elementary, or common schools, which after the American Revolution supplanted church institutions, were always coeducational, by 1900 most public high schools were coeducational as well. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, coeducation grew much more accepted. In Great Britain and the Soviet Union, the education of girls and boys in the same classes became an approved practice. In Australia there is a trend towards increased coeducational schooling with new coeducational schools opening, few new single sex schools opening and existing single sex schools combining or opening their doors to the opposite gender.
The first mixed-sex institution of higher learning in China was the Nanjing Higher Normal Institute, renamed National Central University and Nanjing University. For millennia in China, public schools public higher learning schools, were for men. Only schools established by zongzu were for both male and female students; some schools such as Li Zhi's school in Ming Dynasty and Yuan Mei's school in Qing Dynasty enrolled both male and female students. In the 1910s women's universities were established such as Ginling Women's University and Peking Girls' Higher Normal School, but there were no coeducation in higher learning schools. Tao Xingzhi, the Chinese advocator of mixed-sex education, proposed The Audit Law for Women Students at the meeting of Nanjing Higher Normal School held on December seventh, 1919, he proposed that the university recruit female students. The idea was supported by the president Guo Bingwen, academic director Liu Boming, such famous professors as Lu Zhiwei and Yang Xingfo, but opposed by many famous men of the time.
The meeting decided to recruit women students next year. Nanjing Higher Normal School enrolled eight Chinese female students in 1920. In the same year Peking University began to allow women students to audit classes. One of the most notable female students of that time was Jianxiong Wu. In 1949, the People's Republic of China was founded; the Chinese government has provided more equal opportunities for education since and all schools and universities have become mixed-sex. In recent years, many female and/or single-sex schools have again emerged for special vocational training needs but equal rights for education still apply to all citizens. In China Muslim Hui and Muslim Salars are against coeducation, due to Islam, Uyghurs are the only Muslims in China that do not mind coeducation and practice it. Admission to the Sorbonne was opened to girls in 1860; the baccalaureat became gender-blind in 1924, giving equal chances to all girls in applying to any universities. Mixed-sex education became mandatory for primary schools in 1957 and for all universities in 1975.
St. Paul's Co-educational College was the first mixed-sex secondary school in Hong Kong, it was founded in 1915 as St. Paul's Girls' College. At the end of World War II it was temporarily merged with St. Paul's College, a boys' school; when classes at the campus of St. Paul'
Blacon is a large suburb in Chester, containing a mixture of private homes and substantial public council-built properties which are made up of houses and bunglows for those less able. At one time it contained one of the largest council housing estates in Europe, but this estate is now owned and maintained by the Sanctuary Group in partnership with Cheshire West & Chester Council. Blacon has a working relationship with similar suburb'Lache', although the Lache is not owned by the Sanctuary group, like Blacon, is smaller. Blacon is situated adjacent to the Welsh border and is located on a hill, one mile to the north-west of, overlooking Chester; the village is built on what was farming land and is surrounded by open countryside. Blacon has views across to the city centre of Chester and to the Welsh hills some twenty miles to the west. Other nearby places include Upton by Chester to the north and Mollington to the north-west, Newtown to the north-east and the border town of Saltney to the south.
Blacon has a close proximity to the Wirral. It is 12 miles away from the village Overpool. Blacon was known as Blakon Hill and was owned by the Marquess of Crewe; the Parish of Blacon cum Crabwall was formed in 1923, on 1 April 1936, under the Cheshire County Review Order, 1936, most of the parish was transferred to Chester County Borough. It was a small farming village community until major building work by Chester City Council began in the early 1950s. Most of the older and original estate, was built in the ten years to 1960. In 2015, the Parade Enterprise Centre opened, a joint venture between Avenue Services and Cheshire West and Chester Council; the Parade Enterprise Centre houses Sanctuary Housing, Blacon Library, as well as a community hall and various other offices for local businesses. The British Army maintained an army camp in south Blacon, from just before, to just after, the Second World War. A mixture of wooden and'Nissen' huts were occupied by soldiers until the late 1950s. Blacon Camp housed various military operations, containing war prisoners at the time.
This part of Blacon is referred to as'The Camp' by local residents. The Blacon Together Pathfinder was established in 2001 as part of the first round of Pathfinders and subsequently the Blacon community took part in many initiatives, led by the government's Neighbourhood Management Pathfinder Programme, a number of projects have been established by, for, Blacon residents. Progress to improve the estate continues apace, with work done by the Blacon Community Trust in partnership with the Chester and District Housing Trust forming'The Blacon Alliance'. Blacon is home to the new headquarters of the Western Division of the Cheshire Constabulary. St. Theresa's Catholic Primary School J H Godwin Primary School Dee Point Primary School Highfield Community Primary School The Arches Community Primary School Blacon High School a specialist Sports College school Building Young People's Potential – formerly: Blacon Young Peoples Project Bishop's School Charles Kingsley Secondary School for Girls There are several places of worship in Blacon to cater for Christian and Asian/Muslim faiths.
Holy Trinity-Without-The-Walls is the Church of England parish church. There is a Shah Jalal Mosque on Clifton Drive to the south of the suburb. Blacon Cemetery was laid out in 1940, during the Second World War, when two plots, in Sections A and H, were set aside for service burials; the cemetery's first interment took place on 20 December 1941. The cemetery contains in all the war graves of 461 Commonwealth service personnel, including an unidentified Royal Air Force airman, 97 war graves of other nationalities that are maintained by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission; the plot in Section A was a Royal Air Force regional cemetery for air personnel from bases in Cheshire and neighbouring counties, while members of other armed services were buried in Section H. In 1965 Chester Crematorium, built with garden of remembrance adjoining Section A, was opened; the original chapel was replaced with a new larger chapel, built alongside it and opened in April 2013. The site of the older building, after its demolition, has been utilised as a memorial garden.
Blacon station was served from Chester Northgate Station, but was closed to passengers on 9 September 1968 as part of the'Beeching Axe' for the economic modernisation of the British railway network in the mid-1960s. Freight trains ran through Blacon until 20 April 1984, resuming as a single track line on 31 August 1986 before closing again in the early 1990s. Although the old station and railway line have gone, they have been replaced with a tarmac road surface, which now provides a cycle path, jogging track and a countryside walkway; this amenity is accessed from the side of old Blacon station bridge. Other joined. In 2008, a volunteer group headed up by Stephen Perry in association with the Blacon Community Trust began to raise support for a major improvement of the Blacon Railway
Cheshire East is a unitary authority area with borough status in the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. The local authority is Cheshire East Council; the borough council was established in April 2009 as part of the 2009 structural changes to local government in England, by virtue of an order under the Local Government and Public Involvement in Health Act 2007. It is an amalgamation of the former boroughs of Macclesfield and Crewe and Nantwich, includes the functions of the former Cheshire County Council; the residual part of the disaggregated former County Council, together with the other three former Cheshire borough councils were amalgamated to create the new unitary council of Cheshire West and Chester. Cheshire East has historic links to textile mills of the industrial revolution, such as seen at Quarry Bank Mill, it is home to Tatton Park, a historic estate that hosts RHS Show Tatton Park. Cheshire East lies within North West England, it borders Cheshire West and Chester to the west, Greater Manchester to the north, Derbyshire to the east as well as Staffordshire and Shropshire to the south.
It is the southern hills of the Pennines. The local geology is glacial clay, as well as glacial sands and gravel. According to the United Kingdom Census 2011 Cheshire East has a population of 370,127 people. According to the 2011 Census, ethnic white groups account for 96.7% of the population, with 3.3% of the population being in ethnic groups other than white. A breakdown of religious groups and denominations: Christian: 68.9% Buddhist: 0.2% Hindu: 0.4% Jewish: 0.2% Muslim: 0.7% Sikh: 0.1% Other religions: 0.3% No religion: 22.7% Religion not stated: 6.7% The 52 wards of Cheshire East are: Notes Notes Cheshire East forms part of the North West England constituency, which elects eight members to the European Parliament using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation. Notes At the last Cheshire County Council election in 2005 there were 15 Conservative controlled wards, 6 Labour controlled wards, 5 Liberal Democrat controlled wards and 1 ward controlled by an independent within the unitary authority boundaries.
The first elections for Cheshire East Council took place on 1 May 2008, with the Conservative Party taking overall control. The Conservatives took 59 of the 81 seats with the others being held by the Liberal Democrats, Labour, 3 members of Middlewich First and one Independent; the first leader of the authority was Wesley Fitzgerald, elected at Cheshire East's inaugural meeting on 13 May 2008. Wesley Fitzgerald is a Councillor for the Wilmslow South ward. Having decided in February 2012 to step down, a leadership contest was triggered. Michael Jones – a new councillor having been elected in the May 2011 elections – was elected as the Leader of the Conservative Group on 17 March 2012; the administrative centre for Cheshire East Council is Westfields in Sandbach, the former Headquarters of Congleton Borough Council. The site could be expanded. Cheshire East is an observer member of the Association of Greater Manchester Authorities of Greater Manchester, which borders Cheshire to the north. Motorways and primary routes in the borough which are maintained by Highways England include the M6, M56 and the A556.
Other primary routes which are maintained by the council include the A6, A34, A49, A50, A51, A54, A56, A500, A523, A525, A530, A534, A536, A537, A538, A555, A556, A5020 and A5033. A556 Knutsford to Bowdon Improvement: A new five-mile four-lane dual-carriageway bypass of Bucklow Hill and Mere Crossroads on the A556 is under construction by Highways England at a cost of between £165-£221 million; the new road will contain the first'green bridge' wildlife crossing in the United Kingdom. The existing road will be narrowed to one lane in each direction and re-designated as the B5569 under the maintenance of Cheshire East Council. M6 Junctions 16-19: Smart Motorway: Highways England are preparing to convert the hard shoulder to a permanent running lane and introduce a variable speed limit along this section of the M6, meaning that it will become the first smart motorway in Cheshire; the scheme is expected to cost between £192-£274 million. Crewe Green Link Road South: A dual-carriageway extension of Crewe Green Link Road is being constructed between the A5020 and Weston Gate Roundabout on the A500 by Cheshire East Council at a cost of £26.5 million.
LED improvements: The Cheshire East Council, for multiple years now, has been investing in LEDs as they are energy-efficient lights that are more to avoid sleepiness on the road as of their blue tint. The area is home to a large number of sites of public interest: Tatton Park is the venue for a variety of events: classical concerts; the Tatton Estate is owned with over 1,000 people living and working on it in town, in villages such as Rostherne and Ashley, in the rural parishes surrounding. The new Ashley Hall Showground and Event Centre hosts events such as the Cheshire Ploughing and Hedge Laying Competition, the Ashley Hall Traction Engine Rally and charity barn dances. Gawsworth Hall is a half-timbered hall, once home to Shakespeare's'Dark Lady'. Concerts are held in the grounds, each summer there is an open-air theatre