The Daily Mirror is a British national daily tabloid newspaper founded in 1903. It is owned by parent company Reach plc. From 1985 to 1987, from 1997 to 2002, the title on its masthead was The Mirror, it had an average daily print circulation of 716,923 in December 2016, dropping markedly to 587,803 the following year. Its Sunday sister paper is the Sunday Mirror. Unlike other major British tabloids such as The Sun and the Daily Mail, the Mirror has no separate Scottish edition. Pitched to the middle-class reader, it was converted into a working-class newspaper after 1934, in order to reach a larger audience; the Mirror has had a number of owners. It was founded by Alfred Harmsworth, who sold it to his brother Harold Harmsworth in 1913. In 1963 a restructuring of the media interests of the Harmsworth family led to the Mirror becoming a part of International Publishing Corporation. During the mid 1960s, daily sales exceeded 5 million copies, a feat never repeated by it or any other daily British newspaper since.
The Mirror was owned by Robert Maxwell between 1984 and 1991. The paper went through a protracted period of crisis after his death before merging with the regional newspaper group Trinity in 1999 to form Trinity Mirror. During the 1930s the paper was editorially sympathetic to Oswald Mosley and the British Union of Fascists; the paper has supported the Labour Party since the 1945 general election. The Daily Mirror was launched on 2 November 1903 by Alfred Harmsworth as a newspaper for women, run by women. Hence the name: he said, "I intend it to be a mirror of feminine life as well on its grave as on its lighter sides... to be entertaining without being frivolous, serious without being dull". It cost one penny, it was not an immediate success and in 1904 Harmsworth decided to turn it into a pictorial newspaper with a broader focus. Harmsworth appointed all of the paper's female journalists were fired; the masthead was changed to The Daily Illustrated Mirror, which ran from 26 January to 27 April 1904, when it reverted to The Daily Mirror.
The first issue of the relaunched paper did not have advertisements on the front page as but instead news text and engraved pictures, with the promise of photographs inside. Two days the price was dropped to one halfpenny and to the masthead was added: "A paper for men and women"; this combination was more successful: by issue 92, the guaranteed circulation was 120,000 copies and by issue 269, it had grown to 200,000: by the name had reverted and the front page was photographs. Circulation grew to 466,000 making it the second-largest morning newspaper. Alfred Harmsworth sold the newspaper to his brother Harold Harmsworth in 1913. In 1917, the price was increased to one penny. Circulation continued to grow: in 1919, some issues sold more than a million copies a day, making it the largest daily picture paper. In 1924 the newspaper sponsored the 1924 Women's Olympiad held at Stamford Bridge in London. Lord Rothermere was a friend of Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler, directed the Mirror's editorial stance towards them in the early 1930s.
On Monday, 22 January, 1934 the Daily Mirror ran the headline "Give the Blackshirts a helping hand" urging readers to join Sir Mosley's British Union of Fascists, giving the address to which to send membership applications. By the mid-1930s, the Mirror was struggling – it and the Mail were the main casualties of the early 1930s circulation war that saw the Daily Herald and the Daily Express establish circulations of more than two million, Rothermere decided to sell his shares in it. In 1935 Rothermere sold the paper to H. G. Hugh Cudlipp. With Cecil King in charge of the paper's finances and Guy Bartholomew as editor, during the late 1930s the Mirror was transformed from a conservative, middle class newspaper into a left-wing paper for the working class. On the advice of the American advertising agency J. Walter Thompson, the Mirror became the first British paper to adopt the appearance of the New York tabloids; the headlines became bigger, the stories shorter and the illustrations more abundant.
By 1939, the publication was selling 1.4 million copies a day. In 1937, Hugh McClelland introduced his wild Western comic strip Beelzebub Jones in the Daily Mirror. After taking over as cartoon chief at the Mirror in 1945, he dropped Beelzebub Jones and moved on to a variety of new strips. During the Second World War the Mirror positioned itself as the paper of the ordinary soldier and civilian, was critical of the political leadership and the established parties. At one stage, the paper was threatened with closure following the publication of a Philip Zec cartoon, misinterpreted by Winston Churchill and Herbert Morrison. In the 1945 general election the paper supported the Labour Party in its eventual landslide victory. In doing so, the paper supported Herbert Morrison, who co-ordinated Labour's campaign, recruited his former antagonist Philip Zec to reproduce, on the front page, a popular VE Day cartoon on the morning of the election, suggesting that Labour were the only party who could maintain peace in post-war Britain.
By the late 1940s, it was selling 4.5 million copies a day. The Mirror was an influential model f
South Wales Echo
The South Wales Echo is a daily tabloid newspaper published in Cardiff and distributed throughout the surrounding area. It has a circulation of 17,820; the newspaper was based in Thomson House, Cardiff city centre. It is published by part of the Trinity Mirror group. In 2008 Media Wales moved from Thomson House next to Six Park Street, opposite the Principality Stadium. There is a Weekend edition published every Saturday. Among many other well known writers, novelist Ken Follett, science writer Brian J. Ford, cartoonist Gren Jones, journalist Sue Lawley and news reader Michael Buerk, have spent part of their careers with the Echo. An associated paper, the Football Echo called the Sport Echo, was published on Saturday afternoons from 1919 until 2006. Printed on pink paper, it was available soon after the final whistle of football matches. At its peak the Football Echo sold up to 80,000 copies. List of newspapers in Wales Official website
The New Day (newspaper)
The New Day was a British compact daily newspaper published by Trinity Mirror, launched on 29 February 2016. It was aimed at a middle-aged female audience, was politically neutral; the editor, Alison Phillips, intended readers to get through the newspaper in under 30 minutes. The first edition was distributed as two million free copies, the target for regular circulation was 200,000. After a drop in purchases to just 30,000 copies per day, it was announced on 4 May that the last edition would be published two days just two months after its launch; the New Day was owned by Trinity Mirror, which owns the Daily Mirror, Sunday Mirror, Sunday People. It was first published for free on Monday 29 February 2016, as the first new British national daily newspaper since the i in 2010, the first new standalone title since The Independent in 1986; the newspaper, 40 pages long, was aimed at a female audience between 35 and 55. It was edited by Alison Phillips, who had held the same position at the Sunday Mirror and Sunday People.
It was published by a staff of 25, most of whom were on short-term contracts or borrowed from the publishers' other titles. There were "six" columnists; the paper had no affiliation with any political party, unlike many British papers, was aimed at people who bought no other daily newspaper. It established an online presence through social media as opposed to a website. Trinity Mirror chief executive Simon Fox said the paper filled "a gap in the market for a daily newspaper designed to co-exist in a digital age". Fox said that the number of people buying a daily newspaper had been declining by 500,000 a year, those readers could be tempted to consider The New Day. Phillips eschewed traditional newspaper structures, saying the team had "started with a blank piece of paper" and a typical reader should be able to digest the entire content within 30 minutes, she aimed to differentiate the newspaper from its right-wing competitors the Daily Mail and Daily Express, saying "We are speaking to modern families in the language they use and with the positivity about what they feel in their lives", claimed that research favours balanced opinion.
A press release issued by the publishers of The New Day stated that the paper would "...report with an upbeat, optimistic approach and will be politically neutral". A report in The Guardian suggested the paper could attract readers away from the Express. In Scotland, The New Day was only sold in Edinburgh. Fox believed that a separate Scottish staff would have been needed for it to be sold across Scotland, because it would have been dismissed as "too English" due to the differences in government policy between the two countries. Trinity Mirror had a decline in revenue and profit in 2015, it was hoped that the new title would reverse that, its first edition was distributed as two million free copies. Sales figures were to be kept secret, until April's figures would be published by the Audit Bureau of Circulations. After a two-week period costing 25p, the regular price was to rise to 50p, but the date of the rise was postponed eventually rising to 50p on Thursday 17 March 2016. Fox aimed to have a regular circulation of 200,000.
A further Guardian report on 20 March suggested the paper may only have been selling 90,000 copies per day. Reports revealed that its circulation had been between 30,000 and 40,000. On 4 May 2016, within 10 weeks of its launch, it was announced that the final edition of The New Day would be published on 6 May. A Trinity Mirror spokeswoman would not comment on claims that it was running at an annual loss of £1 million. Roy Greenslade explained in The Guardian, he pinpointed the error of marketing a newspaper to people who dislike newspapers, the short interval between the announcement and launch, which left insufficient time to advertise the product. On a practical basis, it was published early in the evening because it shared presses with the Daily Mirror, thus it missed out on late-night breaking news such as Leicester City's shock win of the Premier League. Greenslade attributed all of the blame to Fox for green-lighting the idea
The Liverpool Echo is a newspaper published by Trinity Mirror North West & North Wales – a subsidiary company of Reach plc and is based in Old Hall Street, Merseyside, England. It is published Monday to Sunday, is Liverpool's daily newspaper; until 13 January 2012 it had the Liverpool Daily Post. It has an average daily circulation of 35,038; the newspaper was published by the Liverpool Daily Post & Echo Ltd. Its office is in St Paul's Square Liverpool, having downsized from Old Hall Street in March 2018; the editor is Alastair Machray, who has edited the Welsh edition of the Daily Post. In 1879 the Liverpool Echo was published as a cheaper sister paper to the Liverpool Daily Post. From its inception until 1917 the newspaper cost a halfpenny, it is now 85p Monday to 90p on Sunday. The limited company expanded internationally and in 1985 was restructured as Trinity Holdings Plc; the two original newspapers had just been re-launched in tabloid format. A special Sunday edition of the Echo was published on 16 April 1989, for reporting on the previous day's Hillsborough disaster, in which 96 Liverpool F.
C. fans were fatally injured at the FA Cup semi-final tie in Sheffield. Every single one of the 75,000 copies printed was sold. In 1999 Trinity merged with Mirror Group Newspapers to become Trinity Mirror, the largest stable of newspapers in the country. In 2018, Trinity Mirror was rebranded as Reach plc. On 7 January 2014 it was announced; the Sunday Echo is "a seventh day of publication, not an independent product", according to the paper. The circulation as 2018 is 35,038 compared to nearly 110,000 copies in 2007. Official website for the Liverpool Echo
Sunday Mercury is a Sunday tabloid published in Birmingham, UK, now owned by Reach plc. The first edition was published on 29 December 1918; the first editor was John Turner Fearon, who left the Dublin-based Freeman's Journal to take up the position. David Brookes, who edited the Mercury between 2000 and 2008, returned to Birmingham in November 2009 and is now responsible for the Sunday Mercury as Editor-in-Chief along with the Birmingham Post and Birmingham Mail; the paper had a circulation of more than 60,000 in 2006 but the average had dropped to below 25,000 in 2014
The Birmingham Post is a weekly printed newspaper based in Birmingham, with a circulation of 3,362 and distribution throughout the West Midlands. First published under the name the Birmingham Daily Post in 1857, it has had a succession of distinguished editors and has played an influential role in the life and politics of the city, it is owned by Reach plc. In June 2013, it launched; the Birmingham Journal was a weekly newspaper published between 1825 and 1869. A nationally influential voice in the Chartist movement in the 1830s, it was sold to John Frederick Feeney in 1844 and was a direct ancestor of today's Birmingham Post; the 1855 Stamp Act transformed the news trade. The price of the Journal was reduced from seven pence to four circulation boomed. Untaxed, it became possible to sell a newspaper for a penny, the advantage lay with smaller, more frequent publications that could keep their readers more up to date. Feeney and Journal editor, John Jaffray contemplated a second mid-week edition of the Journal, but the launch of Birmingham's first daily newspaper by prominent radical George Dawson – the short-lived Birmingham Daily Press – provoked them into launching their own daily title, The Birmingham Daily Post, on 4 December 1857.
Historical copies of the Birmingham Daily Post, dating back to 1857, are available to search and view in digitised form at The British Newspaper Archive. From the outset the Post became associated with radical politics and intellectual movements; the newspaper played an important role in the calls for radical political and social reform in the expanding industrial town. In 1869 Birmingham Daily Post editor John Thackray Bunce was instrumental in getting Joseph Chamberlain elected to the Town Council for the first time; the newspaper remained a staunch supporter of Chamberlain helping to take the town with him as he pushed for municipal reform. It printed informed articles on the ideals of the Civic Gospel, gave a platform to radical figures such as John Bright, George Dawson, Robert William Dale, William Harris. John Frederick Feeney died in 1869, was succeeded by his son John, he built on his success. By the 1870s, the Birmingham Daily Post was the largest circulating daily newspaper in the Midlands.
Following the death of John Feeney in 1905, ownership of the Post passed to his nephew, Charles Hyde. Hyde was instrumental in urging middle class recruits to volunteer for the Birmingham Pals battalions at the outbreak of the First World War. In an editorial of August 1914 he wrote: "At all costs Germany must be restrained. Birmingham can and ought to do much more...we should raise a battalion of non-manual workers." The word'Daily' was dropped from the title in 1918. Hyde remained the proprietor of the Birmingham Post and Mail until his death in 1942. Following in the footsteps of his grandfather and uncle, Hyde was a great philanthropist and stated in his Will that the Birmingham Post and the Birmingham Mail, which he owned, should be sold, with the proceeds going to various charities and hospitals; the papers were bought by an established newspaper proprietor Sir Edward Iliffe, a former Conservative MP, who owned the Coventry Evening Telegraph. It became part of the Birmingham Post & Mail Limited.
The Birmingham Post, Evening Mail, Sports Argus and Sunday Mercury moved into the purpose built Post and Mail building in the city centre in 1965. Its concrete and steel structure with glass and aluminium cladding panels seemed impressively modern when it was built, but its brutalist 1960s design did not age well and it was demolished in 2005; the newspapers relocated to the restored Fort Dunlop building, three miles out of the city centre, in August 2008. American Ralph Ingersoll II bought out the controlling interest of the Iliffe family in 1987. In 1991, the Post reverted to a broadsheet format. In 1991, the managing director, Chris Oakley, led a management buy-out; the company, Midland Independent Newspapers, was floated on the Stock Exchange three years making Oakley and his team millionaires overnight. In 1997, Midland Independent Newspapers was sold for £297 million to Mirror Group. In 1999, Mirror Group merged with the regional newspaper group Trinity; the Birmingham Post is today one of 155 titles in the Trinity Mirror portfolio.
In 2008, the paper switched from broadsheet to tabloid format. In November 2009, under Marc Reeves' editorship, in response to falling circulation due to the increased competition from new media, the Post moved to weekly publication and revamped its website. In June 2013, the Birmingham Post launched. Trinity Mirror described the move as the first of its kind, it publishes 30 pages every weekday and carries content, says former editor Stacey Barnfield, "completely different from the Birmingham Post's print edition." John Thackray Bunce A. H. Poultney George William Hubbard E. W. Record L. P. Hadley T. W. Hutton W. Vaughan Reynolds Before Jack, the editor was David Hopkinson, he moved to the Evening Mail and to The Times. You can find obituaries in Telegraph. Jack Reedy Peter Saunders Marc Reeves May Alun Thorne Stacey Barnfield Whates, H. R. G.. The Birmingham Post 1857–1957: a centenary retrospect. Birmingham: Birmingham Post & Mail Limited. Birmingham Post website The Birmingham Post: An Historical Perspective
The Teesside Gazette is a newspaper serving the Teesside area of England. It is published by the Gazette Media Company Ltd, a regional arm of the Reach plc group; the Teesside Gazette is published in Middlesbrough, along with many other publications. The Gazette Media Company Ltd is well-known locally for being the publisher of the free Herald & Post newspaper; the Teesside Gazette is the most popular daily newspaper in Teesside, has been an integral part of life in the area since 1869, when it was founded as the North-Eastern Daily Gazette by the Scot, eventual Liberal Member of Parliament for Aston Manor, Hugh Gilzean Reid. It was at this time, that a first premises were established on Zetland Road, Middlesbrough. Historical copies of the Daily Gazette, dating back to 1870, are available to search and view in digitised form at The British Newspaper Archive; the Teesside Gazette occupied the Gazette building on Borough Road in the centre of Middlesbrough for 80 years. This houses the editorial staff as well as various operational departments such as advertising and newspaper sales.
There is a further Gazette Media Company site on the Riverside Industrial Estate which houses a printing press. Teesside Gazette changed the title of its cover page from "Evening Gazette" to "The Gazette" in 2014 after the company began releasing the newspaper to newsagents on mornings instead of evenings as it had done previously, it provides local news, but covers national and sports news as well as having various supplements relating to lifestyle and events. Many local newspapers in the mid-20th century produced a special sports edition on Saturday evening. Before football results were available on television and radio such editions were the source of results for players of the football pools. Serious players needed the results as soon as possible since, on afternoons where there were few matches ending in a draw, the payouts from the pools would be large and claims would have to be made typically by telegram. While the regular evening edition "went to bed" in mid afternoon, if not earlier, the sports edition had to be on news stands as soon as possible after the conclusion of football games across the country.
Most games concluded around 4:45 p.m.. The sports edition was available by 6 p.m. It was popular with newsagents who capitalized on the rush of customers its appearance generated to sell cigarettes and other "impulse buys"; the edition was small compared to the regular edition as few as 3 broadsheets, making 12 pages when folded. Plenty of space was devoted to advertising, as well as lists of results and short descriptions of games. In the 1960s the Gazette began printing the sports edition on pink newsprint. Soon the edition began to be known as "the Pink". To encourage people to buy the sports edition, at a time when television was affecting its sales, competitions were run "In the Pink" with cash prizes. In a similar vein, a sports newspaper published in Sheffield is known as the "Green Un" for the green newsprint used. Official website Teesside Gazette on Twitter