click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Chi-Town (song)

"Chi-Town" is the first single taken from the fifth studio album by British indie rock band the Cribs, released in February 2012. The song was the band's first new material since "Housewife" in August 2010, found release on fifth LP In the Belly of the Brazen Bull in May 2012. BBC Radio 1 DJ Zane Lowe premiered the track, playing it three times on his show one evening, "Chi-Town" was released as a free digital download on a variety of music news websites. Recorded and mixed at Electrical Audio studio, Chicago with engineer Steve Albini, the song received mastering treatment in Sterling Sound, New York City from Greg Calbi. Frequent band collaborator Nick Scott designed the sleeve, whereas Gary Jarman provided the cover image of the lo-fi Chicago skyline; the vinyl received release in purple, continuing a theme dating back to their debut of using a variety of colours, gained the catalogue number'WEBB344S'. The liner notes indicate "this seven inch was given away with the album, In the Belly of the Brazen Bull".

"Better Than Me", the 7-inch single B-side found release as a'treat' for those who pre-ordered the new LP as an "instant gratification track". Produced and engineered at Greenmount Studios, Leeds by Lee Smith and fellow Wakefield resident Jamie Lockhart, the song reached completion though Chris Potter at Electric Mastering, London; the band opted not to release an accompanying video with the song. Furthermore, "Chi-Town" failed to make a mark on the British singles chart due to BPI rules and regulations associated with free digital downloads. All tracks are written by Gary Jarman, Ross Jarman and Ryan Jarman. official band website official record label website

Tannerella forsythia

Tannerella forsythia is an anaerobic, Gram-negative bacterial species of the Cytophaga-Bacteroidetes family. It has been implicated in periodontal diseases and is a member of the red complex of periodontal pathogens. T. forsythia was named Bacteroides forsythus and Tannerella forsythensis. Tannerella forsythia was discovered by and named after Dr. Anne Tanner who works at The Forsyth Institute located in Cambridge, Massachusetts. T. forsythia has been identified in atherosclerotic lesions. Lee et al. found that infecting mice with T. forsythia induced foam cell formation and accelerated the formation of atherosclerotic lesions. It has been isolated from women with bacterial vaginosis; the presence of oral T. forsythia has been found to be associated with an increased risk of esophageal cancer. List of bacterial vaginosis microbiota A Metagenomic Approach to Characterization of the Vaginal Microbiome Signature in Pregnancy. Kjersti Aagaard, Kevin Riehle, Jun Ma, Nicola Segata, Toni-Ann Mistretta, Cristian Coarfa, Sabeen Raza, Sean Rosenbaum, Ignatia Van den Veyver, Aleksandar Milosavljevic, Dirk Gevers, Curtis Huttenhower, Joseph Petrosino, James Versalovic.

PLoS ONE volume 7, issue 6. ISSN 1932-6203 doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0036466 NIH/Medline CDC Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Type strain of Tannerella forsythia at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase

Sambalpur (Odisha Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Sambalpur is a Vidhan Sabha constituency of Sambalpur district, India. This constituency include Sambalpur and Burla Fifteen elections held during 1951 to 2014. List of members elected from this constituency are: 2019: Jayanarayan Mishra 2014: Raseswari Panigrahi 2009: Jayanarayan Mishra 2004: Jayanarayan Mishra 2000: Jayanarayan Mishra 1995: Durga Shankar Pattnaik 1990: Durga Shankar Patnaik 1985: Shraddhakar Supakar 1980: Aswini Ku. Guru 1977: Jhasketan Sahu 1974: Sriballav Panigrahi 1971: Sriballav Panigrahi 1967: Banamali Babu 1961: Banamali Babu 1957: Bhikari Ghasi, Laxmi Prasad Mishra 1951: Bhikari Ghasi In 2014 election Biju Janata Dal candidate Reseswari Panigrahi, defeated Bharatiya Janata Party candidate Jayanarayan Mishra by a margin of 9,958 votes. In 2009 election Bharatiya Janata Party candidate Jayanarayan Mishra, defeated Indian National Congress candidate Sureswar Mishra by a margin of 7,010 votes

United States v. Dentsply Int'l, Inc.

United States v. Dentsply Int'l, Inc. was a 2005 Third Circuit antitrust decision finding that Dentsply, a monopolist manufacturer-supplier, used its exclusive dealing policy to keep rival firms' sales "below the critical level necessary for any rival to pose a real threat to Dentsply's market share," in violation of Sherman Act § 2. The court so held despite the lack of long term contracts between its dealers. Dentsply manufactures artificial teeth for use in dentures and other restorative appliances and sells them to dental products dealers; the dealers, in turn, supply the teeth and various other materials to dental laboratories, which fabricate dentures for sale to dentists. Dentsply has long dominated the industry, which consists of a dozen manufacturers, it enjoys a 75%–80% market share on a revenue basis, is at least 15 times larger than its next closest competitors, which have market shares of 5% or less. Dental laboratories sell other supplies to dealers, who sell them to dentists.

Dentsply sells other dental supplies to its network of 23 dealers. Some other manufacturers sell both to dealers and directly to laboratories. In 1993 Dentsply adopted "Dealer Criterion 6," which provides that in order to promote Dentsply products, authorized dealers "may not add further tooth lines to their product offering." Dentsply does not have term agreements with dealers. Dentsply's top five dealers account for 83% of its sales, Dentsply allowed them to continue to carry other manufacturers' products that they were selling in 1993 at the adoption of Dealer Criterion 6. None of Dentsply's dealers has given up Dentsply's product line to take on a competitive line.. The Government sued Dentsply." The district court found that Dentsply's proffered business justifications for the Dealer Criterion 6 policy were pretextual and were designed expressly to exclude its rivals from access to dealers. Nonetheless, the district court concluded that other dealers were available and direct sales to laboratories was a viable method of doing business.

Moreover, the court concluded that Dentsply had not created a market with supra competitive pricing, that dealers were free to leave the Dentsply network at any time, that the Government failed to prove that Dentsply's actions "have been or could be successful in preventing'new or potential competitors from gaining a foothold in the market.' The district court therefore denied injunctive relief. The Third Circuit reversed, it focused on the dealer network as the "crucial point in the distribution chain monopoly power over the market for artificial teeth was established." It said, "The reality in this case is that the firm that ties up the key dealers rules the market." Accordingly, the district court was mistaken in concluding that Dentsply lacked the power to exclude competitors from the laboratories, "the ultimate consumers," that incorporated the teeth into dentures and similar products that dentists provided to patients. Although some sales were made by manufacturers to the laboratories, overwhelming numbers were made to dealers, who sold to the laboratories.

"The evidence in this case demonstrates that for a considerable time, through the use of Dealer Criterion 6, Dentsply has been able to exclude competitors from the dealers' network, a narrow, but traveled channel to the dental laboratories." The court concluded, "The long-entrenched Dentsply dealer network with its ties to the laboratories makes it impracticable for a manufacturer to rely on direct distribution to the laboratories in any significant amount."The Third Circuit found that Dentsply's exclusive dealing agreements had substantial anticompetitive effects: By ensuring that the key dealers offer Dentsply teeth either as the only or dominant choice, Dealer Criterion 6 has a significant effect in preserving Dentsply's monopoly. It helps keep sales of competing teeth below the critical level necessary for any rival to pose a real threat to Dentsply's market share; as such, Dealer Criterion 6 is a solid pillar of harm to competition. Although their relationship with Dentsply can be terminated at will, the key dealers "have a strong economic incentive to continue carrying Dentsply's teeth."

In one incident and potential customers of Atlanta Dental requested it to carry Vita teeth so as to have a local source instead of having to order directly from that West Coast manufacturer. But Dentsply advised Atlanta Dental that carrying Vita would cut off access to Dentsply teeth, which constituted over 90% of its tooth sales revenue. Atlanta Dental therefore chose not to add the Vita line. Other dealers tried selling other manufacturers' teeth, but Dentsply threatened to stop supplying its product to them, so they dropped the other lines; because the volume of business done with Dentsply is so large in comparison to the business that violating Dentsply's exclusive dealing policy to take on another manufacturer's product would sacrifice, dealers comply with the policy. "Criterion 6 imposes an'all-or-nothing' choice on the dealers. The fact that dealers have chosen not to drop Dentsply teeth in favor of a rival's brand demonstrates that they have acceded to heavy economic pressure." The court concluded that "Dentsply's grip on its 23 authorized dealers choked off the market for artificial teeth, leaving only a small sliver for competitors."

That is, Dentsply excluded competition by raising rivals' costs to access ultimate customers. T

Shirish Saraf

Shirish Saraf is the Founder, Vice Chairman and member of the Compensation Committee of Samena Capital. He is the Investment Manager and Director of the Samena Special Situations Funds and Samena Limestone Holdings. Prior to founding Samena Capital, Saraf was a Co-Founder and Managing Director of Abraaj Capital, which grew to become one of the largest global private equity firms managing in excess of US$6 billion. During his tenure at Abraaj Capital he was involved in several landmark private equity and block purchase transactions such as the buyout of Aramex, EFG Hermes, Egyptian Fertilizer Company, Arabtec, ONIC, SAOG Oman, Amwal Capital and he pioneered and managed the special situations funds. In June 2014, Saraf led the acquisition of a significant stake in RAK Ceramics PSC, a company listed on the Abu Dhabi Securities Exchange and one of the world's largest ceramics manufacturers with annual revenues of US$1 billion. Saraf holds numerous leadership positions across Samena's portfolio companies.

He is the Vice Chairman of the Board of Directors and Chairman of the Executive Committee of RAK Ceramics, where he was the Chairman of the Audit Committee and Member of the Remuneration and Nominations Committee. Mr Saraf is a Board Member of RAK Logistics. In July 2016, Mr Saraf became a Member of the Board of Directors for Mahindra Two Wheelers Limited, India and in August 2016, he was appointed to the Board of Directors of Tejas Networks, India. In November 2016, Mr Saraf was appointed to the Board of Directors of Dynamatic Technologies Limited, India. Saraf has held numerous directorships including Aramex Holdings, Abraaj Capital, Commercial Bank of Oman SAOG, EFG Hermes and Amwal Capital. In 1998, Saraf founded Oriel Investment Company, which emerged as one of the leading regional corporate finance firms in a short period of time. While at Oriel Investment, he became one of the largest founding shareholders of US-based E Ink Corporation, the world's leading developer and provider of electronic paper and displays.

In September 2013, Asian Investor listed Saraf as one of Asia's 25 most influential people in Private Equity. Saraf was educated at the London School of Economics. Saraf and his wife are involved with the Little Dreams Foundation, a Geneva-based charity that supports underprivileged children with outstanding talent in areas such as music and sports, he is on the World Advisory Board of WorldView, a Commonwealth Broadcasting Association Project that aims to improve UK public understanding and awareness of the developing world via the mainstream broadcast and digital media. WorldView supports upcoming filmmakers that produce films with a social message in developing countries, with an aim to unite the world. WorldView is partnering with Games For Change, a project that produces digital video games and mobile phone applications to raise the awareness about developmental issues across borders and fatal diseases such as typhoid and malaria. During his time at Abraaj, Saraf played a key role in the development of the London School of Economics Middle East Centre, instituting scholarships for 50 promising students from the region.

In 2015, Saraf founded the Shirish Saraf Scholarship at Charterhouse House School, providing an education for underprivileged children with all around excellence. In 2016, Saraf established the Samena Foundation an initiative set up to facilitate global charitable and benevolent causes. Samena Capital

Joseph D. Selby

Joseph David Selby was a Cheyenne lawyer who served as municipal judge from 1978–1982 and as a Republican member of the Wyoming House of Representatives from District 41 in Laramie County from 1995-1997. Selby was born in Monaca in Beaver County, west of Pittsburgh, to Frank G. Selby and Nellie Selby, he earned his law degree from the University of Virginia in Charlottesville in 1975 and his MBA from the University of Wyoming in Laramie. He was active in the alumni associations of both institutions. An attorney in private practice, Selby specialized in real estate and bankruptcy law, he was confirmed by the Cheyenne City Council. He was succeeded as judge by Douglas Munch. Selby won his legislative seat in 1994 by defeating the Democrat Mac McGraw. However, Selby was unable to cement a hold on the district and was unseated in 1996 by McGraw, 1,893-1,651. Selby's father died four days. Selby attempted a comeback in 1998 but lost by an larger margin to McGraw, 1,751-1,185; the seat was subsequently held by the Democrat Ken Esquibel.

An active member of St. Mary's Catholic Cathedral and the Kiwanis International, Selby died in Cheyenne after a long battle with cardiovascular disease. Selby and his wife, Kathryn L. "Kate" Selby had three daughters. Three other former Cheyenne lawmakers died within two months of Selby's death: Democrat Edwin H. Whitehead on May 20 and Republicans Larry D. Shippy on June 8 and Robert Schliske on June 21, 2007. In September, former Representative Dean T. Prosser, a leader in environmental legislation from 1971–1983, died in Rhode Island, where he had retired. Https://web.archive.org/web/20070320192241/http://soswy.state.wy.us/redistrict/94-g.htm http://www.wyomingnews.com/articles/2007/04/24/obituaries/09obit_04-24-07.txt https://web.archive.org/web/20061213214140/http://soswy.state.wy.us/election/98elect/gen-hou.htm#hd39 http://uwadmnweb.uwyo.edu/apuw/Publications/WyoFamily/WyoFam8-03.pdf Virginia.edu http://ssdi.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/ssdi.cgi