Glory (1989 film)
Glory is a 1989 American war film directed by Edward Zwick, starring Matthew Broderick, Denzel Washington, Cary Elwes and Morgan Freeman. The screenplay by Kevin Jarre was based on the books Lay This Laurel by Lincoln Kirstein and One Gallant Rush by Peter Burchard, the personal letters of Colonel Robert Gould Shaw; the end credits are superimposed on photos of the monument to the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry on Boston Common. The film is about the 54th, one of the first military units of the Union Army during the American Civil War to consist of African-American men, except for its officers, as told from the point of view of Colonel Shaw, its white commanding officer; the regiment is known for its heroic actions at the Second Battle of Fort Wagner, in which Shaw and many of his men served with distinction and perished in brutal battle. Glory was nominated for five Academy Awards and won three, including one for Denzel Washington for Best Supporting Actor for his portrayal of Private Silas Tripp.
It won many other awards from, among others, the British Academy of Film and Television Arts, the Golden Globe Awards, the Kansas City Film Critics Circle, the Political Film Society, the NAACP Image Awards. The film was co-produced by TriStar Pictures and Freddie Fields Productions, distributed by Tri-Star Pictures in the United States, it premiered in limited release in the United States on December 14, 1989, in wide release on February 16, 1990, making $26.8 million on an $18 million budget. The soundtrack, composed by James Horner and performed in part by Boys Choir of Harlem, was released on January 23, 1990; the home video was distributed by Sony Pictures Home Entertainment. On June 2, 2009, a widescreen Blu-ray version, featuring the director's commentary and deleted scenes, was released. During the American Civil War, Captain Robert Shaw, injured at Antietam, is sent home to Boston on medical leave. Shaw accepts a promotion to colonel commanding the 54th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, one of the first all-black regiments in the Union Army.
He asks Cabot Forbes, to serve as his second in command, with the rank of major. Their first volunteer is Thomas Searles, a bookish, free African-American. Other recruits include John Rawlins, Jupiter Sharts, Silas Tripp, a mute teenage drummer boy; the men learn that, in response to the Emancipation Proclamation, the Confederacy has issued an order that all black soldiers will be returned to slavery. Black soldiers found in a Union uniform will be executed as well as their white officers, they turn down, a chance to take an honorable discharge. They undergo rigorous training with Sergeant-Major Mulcahy, which Shaw realizes is to prepare them for the challenges they will face. Tripp is caught, he learns that Tripp left to find shoes to replace his worn ones because his men are being denied supplies. He confronts the base's racist quartermaster on their behalf. Shaw supports them in a pay dispute, as the Federal government pays black soldiers $10, not the $13 per month white soldiers earn; when the men begin tearing up their pay stubs in protest of the unequal treatment, Shaw tears up his own pay stub in support of their actions.
In recognition of his leadership, Shaw promotes Rawlins to the rank of Sergeant-Major. Once the 54th completes its training, they are transferred under the command of General Charles Harker. On the way to South Carolina they are ordered by Colonel James Montgomery to sack and burn Darien, Georgia. Shaw refuses to obey an unlawful order, but agrees under threat of having his troops taken away, he continues to lobby his superiors to allow his men to join the fight, as their duties to date have involved manual labor, for which they are mocked. Shaw gets the 54th into combat after he blackmails Harker by threatening to report the illegal activities he has discovered. In their first battle at James Island, South Carolina, the 54th defeats a Confederate attack that had routed other units. During the battle, Searles saves Tripp. Shaw offers Tripp the honor of bearing the regimental flag in battle, he declines, not believing the war will result in a better life for slaves. General George Strong informs Shaw of a major campaign to secure a foothold at Charleston Harbor.
This involves assaulting Morris Island and capturing Fort Wagner, whose only landward approach is a strip of open beach. Shaw volunteers the 54th to lead the attack; the night before the battle, the black soldiers conduct a religious service. Several make emotional speeches to inspire others. On their way to the battlefield, the 54th is cheered by the same Union troops who had scorned them earlier; the 54th leads the charge on the fort. As night falls, the regiment is pinned down against the walls of the fort. Attempting to encourage his men, Shaw is killed. Tripp lifts the flag, rallying the soldiers to continue. Forbes takes charge, the soldiers break through the fort's defenses. On the brink of victory, Rawlins, Searles and the two Color Sergeants are fired upon by Confederate artillery; the morning after the battle, the beach is littered with bodies of Union soldiers. The dead Union soldiers are buried with Shaw and Tripp's bodies next to each other. Closing text reveals. However, the courage demonstrated by the 54th resulted in the Union accepting thousands of black men for combat, President Abraham Lincoln credited them with helping to turn the tide of the war.
Matthew Broderick as Colonel Rober
Alan Sidney Patrick Rickman was an English actor and director. Rickman trained at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London and became a member of the Royal Shakespeare Company, performing in modern and classical theatre productions, his first big television role came in 1982, but his big break was as the Vicomte de Valmont in the RSC stage production of Les Liaisons Dangereuses in 1985, after the production transferred to Broadway in 1987 he was nominated for a Tony Award. Rickman's first cinematic role was as the German terrorist leader Hans Gruber in Die Hard, he appeared as the Sheriff of Nottingham in Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves, for which he received the BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role. L. O'Hara in An Awfully Big Adventure. Rickman gained further notice for his film performances as Severus Snape in the Harry Potter series. Rickman made his television acting debut playing Tybalt in Romeo and Juliet as part of the BBC’s Shakespeare series, he starred in television films, playing the title character in Rasputin: Dark Servant of Destiny, which won him a Golden Globe Award, an Emmy Award and a Screen Actors Guild Award, Dr. Alfred Blalock in the Emmy-winning Something the Lord Made.
Rickman died of pancreatic cancer on 14 January 2016 at age 69. His final film roles were as Lieutenant General Frank Benson in the thriller Eye in the Sky, the voice of Absolem, the caterpillar in Alice Through the Looking Glass. Alan Sidney Patrick Rickman was born into a working class family in Hammersmith, London, on 21 February 1946, he was the son of Margaret Doreen Rose, a housewife, Bernard William Rickman, a factory worker, house painter and decorator, former World War II aircraft fitter. Rickman was of Welsh descent, his father was Catholic and his mother was a Methodist. Rickman had two brothers and Michael, a sister, Sheila; when Rickman was eight years old, his father died of lung cancer, leaving his mother to raise him and his three siblings alone. According to Paton, the family was "rehoused by the council and moved to an Acton estate to the west of Wormwood Scrubs Prison, where his mother struggled to bring up four children on her own by working for the Post Office." She divorced Rickman's stepfather after three years.
Before Rickman met Rima Horton at age 19, he stated that his first crush was at 10 years old on a girl named Amanda at his school's sports day. As a child, he excelled at watercolour painting. Rickman attended Derwentwater Primary School in Acton, Latymer Upper School in London through the Direct Grant system, where he became involved in drama. After leaving Latymer with science A'levels, he attended Chelsea College of Art and Design from 1965 to 1968 and the Royal College of Art from 1968 to 1970, his training allowed him to work as a graphic designer for the Royal College of Art's in-house magazine, ARK, the Notting Hill Herald, which he considered a more stable occupation than acting. After graduation and several friends opened a graphic design studio called Graphiti, but after three years of successful business, he decided that he was going to pursue acting professionally, he wrote to request an audition with the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, which he attended from 1972 until 1974. While there, he supported himself by working as a dresser for Sir Nigel Hawthorne and Sir Ralph Richardson.
After graduating from RADA, Rickman worked extensively with British repertory and experimental theatre groups in productions including Chekhov's The Seagull and Snoo Wilson's The Grass Widow at the Royal Court Theatre, appeared three times at the Edinburgh International Festival. In 1978, he performed with the Court Drama Group, gaining roles in Romeo and Juliet and A View from the Bridge, among other plays. While working with the Royal Shakespeare Company, he was cast in, he appeared in The Barchester Chronicles, the BBC's adaptation of Trollope's first two Barchester novels, as the Reverend Obadiah Slope. Rickman was given the male lead, the Vicomte de Valmont, in the 1985 Royal Shakespeare Company production of Christopher Hampton's adaptation of Les Liaisons Dangereuses, directed by Howard Davies. After the RSC production transferred to Broadway in 1987, Rickman received both a Tony Award nomination and a Drama Desk Award nomination for his performance. Rickman played a wide range of roles.
He played romantic leads including Colonel Brandon in Sense and Sensibility and Jamie in Truly, Deeply. Rickman's role as Hans Gruber in Die Hard earned him a spot on the AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes & Villains list as the 46th best villain in film history, though he revealed he did not take the role as h
Barton Fink is a 1991 American period film written, produced and edited by the Coen brothers. Set in 1941, it stars John Turturro in the title role as a young New York City playwright, hired to write scripts for a film studio in Hollywood, John Goodman as Charlie Meadows, the insurance salesman who lives next door at the run-down Hotel Earle; the Coens wrote the screenplay for Barton Fink in three weeks while experiencing difficulty during the writing of Miller's Crossing. They began filming the former; the film is influenced by works of several earlier directors Roman Polanski's Repulsion and The Tenant. Barton Fink had its premiere at the Cannes Film Festival in May 1991. In a rare sweep, it won the Palme d'Or, as well as awards for Best Best Actor. Although the film was a box office disappointment, only grossing $6 million against its $9 million budget, it received positive reviews and was nominated for 3 Academy Awards. Prominent themes of Barton Fink include the writing process; the diverse elements of the film have led it to defy efforts at genre classification, with the work being variously referred to as a film noir, a horror film, a Künstlerroman, a buddy film.
It contains various literary allusions and religious overtones, as well as references to many real-life people and events – most notably the writers Clifford Odets and William Faulkner, of whom the characters of Barton Fink and W. P. Mayhew are seen as fictional representations. Several features of the film's narrative an image of a woman at the beach which recurs throughout, have sparked much commentary, with the Coens acknowledging some intentional symbolic elements while denying an attempt to communicate any single message in the film. Despite disagreement over certain details of the work, Barton Fink continues to be positively received, with screenwriter Charlie Kaufman among its admirers. In 1941, Barton Fink's first Broadway play, Bare Ruined Choirs, has achieved critical and popular success, his agent informs him that Capitol Pictures in Hollywood has offered him a thousand dollars per week to write film scripts. Barton hesitates, worried that moving to California would separate him from "the common man", his focus as a writer.
He accepts the offer and checks into the Hotel Earle, a large and unusually deserted building. His room is draped in subdued colors. In his first meeting with Capitol Pictures boss Jack Lipnick, Barton explains that he chose the Earle because he wants lodging, "less Hollywood". Lipnick promises that his only concern is Barton's writing ability and assigns his new employee to a wrestling film. Back in his room, Barton is unable to write, he is distracted by sounds coming from the room next door, he phones the front desk to complain. His neighbor, Charlie Meadows, is the source of the noise and visits Barton to apologize, insisting on sharing some alcohol from a hip flask to make amends; as they talk, Barton proclaims his affection for "the common man", Charlie describes his life as an insurance salesman. Barton falls asleep, but is awakened by the incessant whine of a mosquito. Still unable to proceed beyond the first lines of his script, Barton consults producer Ben Geisler for advice. Irritated, the frenetic Geisler takes him to lunch and orders him to consult another writer for assistance.
While in the men's room, Barton meets the novelist William Preston "Bill" Mayhew, vomiting in the next stall. They discuss movie writing and arrange a second meeting in the day; when Barton arrives, Mayhew is drunk and yelling wildly. His secretary, Audrey Taylor, reschedules the meeting and confesses to Barton that she and Mayhew are in love; when they meet for lunch, Mayhew and Barton discuss writing and drinking. Before long, Mayhew argues with Audrey, slaps her, wanders off, drunk. Rejecting Barton's offer of consolation, Audrey explains that she feels sorry for Mayhew since he is married to another woman, "disturbed". With one day left before his meeting with Lipnick to discuss the movie, Barton phones Audrey and begs her for assistance, she visits him at the Earle, after she admits that she wrote most of Mayhew's scripts, they have sex. When Barton awakens the next morning, he, hears the sound of the mosquito, finds it on Audrey's back, slaps it dead; when Audrey does not respond, Barton turns her onto her side only to find that she has been violently murdered.
He has no memory of the night's events. Horrified, he asks for help. Charlie disposes of the body and orders Barton to avoid contacting the police. After a meeting with an unusually supportive Lipnick, Barton tries writing again and is interrupted by Charlie, who announces he is going to New York for several days. Charlie asks him to watch it. Soon afterward, Barton is visited by two police detectives, who inform him that Charlie's real name is Karl "Madman" Mundt. Mundt is a serial killer wanted for several murders. Stunned, Barton examines the box. Placing it on his desk without opening it, he begins writing and produces the entire script in one sitting. After a night of celebratory dancing, Barton returns to find the detectives in his room, after
Lance James Henriksen is an American actor, voice actor and artist, best known for his roles in science fiction and horror films such as Bishop in the Alien film franchise, Frank Black in Fox television series Millennium. Henriksen is a voice actor who has voiced Kerchak the gorilla in the 1999 Walt Disney Feature Animation film Tarzan and Fleet Admiral Steven Hackett in BioWare's Mass Effect video game trilogy. Henriksen was born in Manhattan, his father, James Henriksen, was a Norwegian merchant sailor and boxer nicknamed "Icewater" who spent most of his life at sea. His mother, Margueritte Werner, struggled to find work as a dance instructor and model, his parents divorced when he was two years old, only his mother raised him and his brother. As he grew up, Henriksen developed a reputation for getting into trouble at various schools, spent time in a children's home, his last completed grade in school was first grade. He attained the rank of Petty Officer Third Class. Henriksen found work as a laborer on ships.
For a time, he worked in Europe. His first job in the theater world was as a designer of theatrical sets, it was around this time that Henriksen taught himself to read, as he was illiterate up to age 30. For his first role, he put the entire script to tape with the help of a friend, learning everyone's part in addition to his own. In his early 30s, Henriksen began acting in New York City. In film, Henriksen first appeared in It Ain't Easy in 1972; this was followed with a variety of supporting roles in films including Dog Day Afternoon, Close Encounters of the Third Kind, Damien: Omen II. He played Police Chief Steve Kimbrough in Piranha Part Two: The Spawning, the astronaut Walter Schirra in The Right Stuff, actor Charles Bronson in the television film Reason for Living: The Jill Ireland Story; when James Cameron was writing The Terminator, he had envisioned Henriksen, with whom he had worked on Piranha II: The Spawning, playing the title role, a cyborg. However, the role went to Arnold Schwarzenegger.
Henriksen does appear in the supporting role of Sergeant Hal Vukovich. Henriksen played the android Bishop, an artificial life-form, in Aliens and Alien 3, as the unnamed designer of the Bishop android. Henriksen played Charles Bishop Weyland in Alien vs. Predator, he played the vampire leader Jesse Hooker in Kathryn Bigelow's cult film Near Dark. Henriksen portrays gunfighters in Westerns Dead Man and The Quick and the Dead and appears alongside British actor Bruce Payne in Aurora: Operation Intercept in 1995, he would appear alongside Payne again in Face the Evil in 1997 and the dystopian classic Paranoia 1.0 in 2004. That same year, he played the role of Sheriff Doug Barnum in the film Powder. In 1996, Henriksen starred in the television series Millennium and produced by Chris Carter, the creator of The X-Files. Henriksen played Frank Black, a former FBI agent who possessed a unique ability to see into the minds of killers. Carter created the role for the actor, his performances on Millennium earned him critical acclaim, a People's Choice Award nomination for Favorite New Male TV Star, three consecutive Golden Globe nominations for Best Performance by an Actor in a TV Series.
The series was cancelled in 1999. On television, Henriksen appeared in the ensemble of Into the West, a miniseries executive-produced by Steven Spielberg, he appeared in a Brazilian soap opera, Caminhos do Coração from Rede Record, aired in 2007–2008. Henriksen guest-starred on a Season 6 episode of NCIS playing an Arizona sheriff, appeared in a recurring role as The Major on NBC's The Blacklist. In the years after Millennium, Henriksen has become an active voice actor, lending his distinctive voice to a number of animated features and video game titles. In Disney's Tarzan and its direct-to-video followup, he is Kerchak, the ape who serves as Tarzan's surrogate father, he provided the voice for the alien supervillain Brainiac in Superman: Brainiac Attacks and for the character Mulciber in Godkiller. Henriksen is the voice of the character Molov in the video game Red Faction II and has contributed to GUN, Run Like Hell, the canceled title Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, the role-playing game Mass Effect as Admiral Hackett of the Human Systems Alliance.
Henriksen was the voice behind PlayStation 3's internet promotional videos. In 2005, Henriksen was the voice of Andrei Rublev in Cartoon Network's IGPX; the actor lent his voice to the animated television series Transformers: Animated as the character Lockdown. In 2009, Henriksen voiced Lieutenant General Shepherd in the award-winning game Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2, he would voice Karl Bishop Weyland in Aliens vs. Predator. Henriksen voiced Master Gnost-Dural in Star Wars: The Old Republic, he reprised his role as Admiral Hackett in Mass Effect 3, he is the narrator of the recent Verizon Droid commercials. Henriksen reprised his role as Bishop in Aliens: Colonial Marines. Henriksen maintains a prominent role in live action television, he has starred in a 2003 series of Australian television commercials for Visa, titled Unexplained and Big Cats. In these commercials, Henriksen speaks as a Frank Black-type character about
Batman (1989 film)
Batman is a 1989 American superhero film directed by Tim Burton and produced by Jon Peters and Peter Guber, based on the DC Comics character of the same name. It is the first installment of Warner Bros.' Initial Batman film series. The film stars Michael Keaton as Bruce Wayne / Batman, alongside Jack Nicholson, Kim Basinger, Robert Wuhl, Pat Hingle, Billy Dee Williams, Michael Gough and Jack Palance; the film takes place early in the title character's war on crime, depicts a battle with his nemesis the Joker. After Burton was hired as director in 1986, Steve Englehart and Julie Hickson wrote film treatments before Sam Hamm wrote the first screenplay. Batman was not greenlit until after the success of Burton's Beetlejuice. Numerous A-list actors were considered for the role of Batman. Keaton's casting caused a controversy since, by 1988, he had become typecast as a comedic actor and many observers doubted he could portray a serious role. Nicholson accepted the role of the Joker under strict conditions that dictated top billing, a high salary, a portion of the box office profits and his own shooting schedule.
The tone and themes of the film were influenced in part by Alan Moore and Brian Bolland's The Killing Joke and Frank Miller's The Dark Knight Returns. The film adapts the "Red Hood" origin story for the Joker, in which Batman creates the Joker by dropping him into Axis Chemical acid, resulting in his transformation into a psychopath, but it adds a unique twist in presenting him as a gangster named Jack Napier. Filming took place at Pinewood Studios from October 1988 to January 1989; the budget escalated from $30 million to $48 million, while the 1988 Writers Guild of America strike forced Hamm to drop out. Warren Skaaren did rewrites. Additional uncredited drafts were done by Jonathan Gems. Batman was a financial success, earning over $400 million in box office totals, it was the fifth-highest-grossing film in history at the time of its release. The film received several Saturn Award nominations and a Golden Globe nomination, won an Academy Award, it inspired the successful Batman: The Animated Series, paving the way for the DC animated universe, has influenced Hollywood's modern marketing and development techniques of the superhero film genre.
Three sequels, Batman Returns, Batman Forever and Batman & Robin, were released on June 19, 1992, June 16, 1995, June 20, 1997, respectively. As Gotham City approaches its bicentennial, Mayor Borg orders district attorney Harvey Dent and police commissioner James Gordon to make the city safer. Meanwhile, reporter Alexander Knox and photojournalist Vicki Vale begin to investigate rumors of a vigilante nicknamed "Batman", targeting the city's criminals. Batman's alter-ego is Bruce Wayne, a billionaire industrialist who, as a child, witnessed his parents' murder at the hands of a psychotic mugger. At a fundraiser for the bicentennial in Wayne Manor, Bruce meets and falls for Vale, the two begin a romantic relationship. However, the evening is cut short as Bruce is alerted to Commissioner Gordon's sudden departure due to police business and leaves to investigate as Batman. Mob boss Carl Grissom, targeted by Dent and Gordon, discovers his mistress Alicia is involved with his second-in-command Jack Napier.
With the help of corrupt police lieutenant Max Eckhardt, Grissom engineers Napier's death in a raid at Axis Chemicals. However, Grissom's plan is foiled with the sudden arrival of Commissioner Gordon, who wants Napier captured alive. In the ensuing shootout, who has realized he was set up, kills Eckhardt. Batman arrives and, in a struggle, Napier is knocked into a vat of chemicals. Batman escapes and Napier is presumed dead. Napier emerges from the vat, but is left disfigured with chalk white skin, emerald green hair, a rictus grin; the sociopathic Napier is driven insane by the incident and begins calling himself "the Joker". He kills Grissom and usurps authority over his criminal empire, scars Alicia's face to equal his disfigurement; the Joker terrorizes Gotham City by lacing hygiene products with "Smylex", a deadly chemical which causes victims to die laughing with the same maniacal grin as the Joker. As he searches for information on Batman, the Joker becomes obsessed with Vale, he lures her to the Gotham Museum of Art and his henchmen destroy the works of art.
Batman rescues her. They escape in the Batmobile, pursued by the Joker's men. Batman takes Vicki to the Batcave, where he gives her information from his research on Smylex that will allow the city's residents to avoid exposure to the toxin. Bruce visits Vicki at her apartment, prepared to tell her about his alter-ego; the Joker interrupts their meeting, asking Bruce, "You danced with the devil by the pale moonlight?" before shooting him. Bruce plays dead, he remembers that the mugger who killed his parents asked the same question, realizes that Napier was his parents' killer. Vicki is brought to the Batcave by Bruce's butler, Alfred Pennyworth, coaxing their relationship because Vicki brings out Bruce's human side. After telling her that he cannot focus on their relationship with the Joker terrorizing Gotham, Bruce departs as Batman to destroy the Axis plant. Meanwhile, the Joker lures the citizens of Gotham to a parade with the promise of free money, but while throwing cash at the crowd as promised attacks them with Smylex gas released from his giant parade balloons.
Batman tows the balloons above the clouds with the Batwing. The Joker shoots the Batwing using a long-barreled gun, causing it to crash, takes Vicki to the top of a cathedral. Batman, who survived the crash, fends off th
Tucker: The Man and His Dream
Tucker: The Man and His Dream is a 1988 American biographical comedy-drama film directed by Francis Ford Coppola and starring Jeff Bridges. The film recounts the story of Preston Tucker and his attempt to produce and market the 1948 Tucker Sedan, met with scandal between the "Big Three automobile manufacturers" and accusations of stock fraud from the U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Joan Allen, Martin Landau, Elias Koteas, Frederic Forrest and Christian Slater appear in supporting roles. In 1973, Coppola began development of a film based on the life of Tucker with Marlon Brando in the lead role. Starting in 1976, Coppola planned Tucker to be both a musical and an experimental film with music and lyrics written by Leonard Bernstein, Betty Comden and Adolph Green; the project collapsed when Coppola's American Zoetrope experienced financial problems. Tucker was revived in 1986 when George Lucas, joined as a producer; the film received positive reviews by critics. Tucker: The Man and His Dream produced a spike in prices of Tucker Sedans, as well as a renewed appreciation for Tucker and his automobiles.
Detroit engineer Preston Tucker has been interested in building cars since childhood. During World War II he designed an armored car for the military and made money building gun turrets for aircraft in a small shop next to his home in Ypsilanti, Michigan. Tucker is supported including wife Vera and eldest son Preston Jr.. As the war winds down, Tucker has a dream of building the "car of the future." The "Tucker Torpedo" will feature revolutionary safety designs including disc brakes, seat belts, a pop out windshield, head lights which swivel when you turn. Tucker hires young designer Alex Tremulis to help with the design and enlists New York financier Abe Karatz to arrange financial support. Raising the money through a stock issue and Karatz acquire the enormous Dodge Chicago Plant to begin manufacturing. Abe hires Robert Bennington to run the new Tucker Corporation on a day-to-day basis. Launching "the car of tomorrow" in a spectacular way, the Tucker Corporation is met with enthusiasm from shareholders and the general public.
However, the Tucker company board of directors, unsure of his ability to overcome the technical and financial obstacles ahead, send Tucker off on a publicity campaign and attempt to take complete control of the company. While Tucker travels the country and directors change the design of Tucker's car to a more conventional design, eliminating the safety and engineering advances Tucker was advertising. At the same time, Tucker faces animosity from the Big Three and the authorities led by Michigan Senator Homer S. Ferguson. Tucker returns from his publicity tour and confronts Bennington, who curtly informs him that he no longer has any power in the company to make decisions, the engine planned for the car is not viable. Tucker receives a call from Howard Hughes, who sends a private plane to bring Tucker to his aircraft manufacturing site. Hughes advises Tucker to purchase the Aircooled Motors Company, which can supply both the steel Tucker needs, as well as a small, powerful helicopter engine that might replace Tucker's original "589" power plant.
Faced with being unable to change Bennington's design, Tucker modifies the new engine and installs it in a test Tucker in the secrecy of his backyard tool and die shop. This prototype proves successful in both crash testing. However, Tucker is confronted with allegations of stock fraud. Ferguson's investigation with the U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission, causes Karatz, once convicted of bank fraud, to resign, fearful that his criminal record will prejudice the hearings. Yellow journalism starts ruining Tucker's public image though the ultimate courtroom battle is resolved when he parades his entire production run of 50 Tucker Torpedoes, proving that he has reached production status. After giving a speech to the jurors on how capitalism in the United States is harmed by efforts of large corporations against small entrepreneurs like himself, Tucker is acquitted on all charges, his company falls into bankruptcy and Preston Tucker dies of lung cancer seven years never able to realize his dream of producing a state-of-the-art automobile.
The film ends with all 50 Tucker Sedans being driven down the streets of downtown Chicago, admired by everyone as they pass. From childhood, Coppola envisioned a film about the Tucker automobile and while attending the UCLA School of Theater and Television in the early 1960s, further refined a film concept based on the life of Preston Tucker. In June 1973, during the filming of The Godfather Part II, Coppola announced his intention to start development at American Zoetrope as writer and director, he had approached Marlon Brando for the lead role. He purchased the rights from the Tucker Estate in 1976, and, in addition to Brando, discussed the leading role with Jack Nicholson and considered Burt Reynolds. Taking inspiration from Citizen Kane, Kabuki theater and the work of Bertolt Brecht, Coppola planned to make Tucker as a "dark kind of musical." He said that the idea approximated the style of an experimental film, similar to Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters, which he produced. The musical would have featured Tucker predominantly, but storylines would have interwoven Thomas Edison, Henry Ford, Harvey Samuel Firestone and Andrew Carnegie as supporting characters.
Leonard Bernstein agreed to write the music, Betty Comden and Adolph Green were hired to write the lyrics. They all spent a week at Coppola's home in California, planning the musical which resulted in Bernstein writing one song. Coppola approached Gene Kelly as a con
John Gavin Malkovich is an American actor and fashion designer. He received Academy Award nominations for his roles in Places In the Line of Fire, he has appeared in more than 70 films, including Empire of the Sun, The Killing Fields, Johnny English, Con Air, Of Mice and Men, Ripley's Game, Being John Malkovich, Shadow of the Vampire, Burn After Reading, Mulholland Falls, Dangerous Liaisons, Warm Bodies, Bird Box, as well as producing films such as Ghost World and The Perks of Being a Wallflower. Malkovich was born in Illinois, his mother was of French, German and English ancestry. He grew up in Illinois, his father, Daniel Leon Malkovich, was a state conservation director and publisher of Outdoor Illinois, a conservation magazine. His mother, Joe Anne, owned the Benton Evening News, as well as Outdoor Illinois. Malkovich has an older brother, his paternal grandparents were from Ozalj in Croatia, according to his mother they were of Montenegrin ancestry. Malkovich attended Logan Grade School, Webster Junior High School, Benton Consolidated High School.
During his high school years, he appeared in the musical Carousel. He was active in a folk gospel group, singing in area churches and community events; as a member of a local summer theater/comedy project, he co-starred in Jean-Claude van Itallie's America Hurrah in 1972. Upon graduating from high school, he entered Eastern Illinois University, transferred to Illinois State University, where he majored in theater. In 1976, along with Joan Allen, Gary Sinise, Glenne Headly, became a charter member of the Steppenwolf Theatre Company in Chicago, he moved to New York City in 1980 to appear in a Steppenwolf production of the Sam Shepard play True West for which he won an Obie Award. In early 1982, he appeared in A Streetcar Named Desire with Chicago's Wisdom Bridge Theatre. Malkovich directed a Steppenwolf co-production, the 1984 revival of Lanford Wilson's Balm in Gilead, for which he received a second Obie Award and a Drama Desk Award, his Broadway debut that year was as Biff in Death of a Salesman alongside Dustin Hoffman as Willy.
Malkovich won an Emmy Award for this role when the play was adapted for television by CBS in 1985. One of his first film roles was as an extra alongside Allen, Terry Kinney, George Wendt and Laurie Metcalf in Robert Altman's 1978 film A Wedding, he made his feature film debut in 1984 as Sally Field's blind boarder Mr. Will in Places in the Heart. For his portrayal of Mr. Will, Malkovich received his first Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor, he portrayed Al Rockoff in The Killing Fields. He continued to have steady work in films such as Empire of the Sun, directed by Steven Spielberg, the 1987 film adaptation of Tennessee Williams's The Glass Menagerie with Paul Newman and Joanne Woodward, he starred in Making Mr. Right. In 1990, he played Port Moresby in The Sheltering Sky, directed by Bernardo Bertolucci. In 1991, he was directed by Woody Allen in Shadows and Fog, he garnered significant critical and popular acclaim when he portrayed the sinister and sensual Valmont in the 1988 film Dangerous Liaisons, a film adaptation of the stage play Les Liaisons Dangereuses by Christopher Hampton, who had adapted it from the 1782 novel of the same title by Pierre Choderlos de Laclos.
He reprised this role for the music video of "Walking on Broken Glass" by Annie Lennox. In 1990, he recited, in Croatian, verses of the Croatian national anthem Lijepa naša domovino in Nenad Bach's song "Can We Go Higher?"Malkovich starred in the 1992 film adaptation of John Steinbeck's award-winning novella Of Mice and Men as Lennie alongside Gary Sinise as George. In 1994, he was nominated in the same category, for In the Line of Fire. Though he played the title role in the Charlie Kaufman-penned Being John Malkovich, he played a slight variation of himself, as indicated by the character's middle name of "Horatio". In 1996, Malkovich was directed for the second time by Stephen Frears in Mary Reilly, a new adaptation of the Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde tale, co-starring Julia Roberts Malkovich appeared in Joan of Arc, directed by Luc Besson in 1999, playing the French king-to-be Charles VII, he made a cameo appearance in Adaptation. — written by Kaufman — appearing as himself during the filming of Being John Malkovich.
The Dancer Upstairs, Malkovich's directorial film debut, was released in 2002. In the same year he played Patricia Highsmith's anti-hero Tom Ripley in Ripley's Game, the second film adaptation of Highsmith's 1974 novel, the first being Wim Wenders' The American Friend starring Dennis Hopper as Ripley.. Other film roles include The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, Eragon, The Man in the Iron Mask, Transformers: Dark of the Moon, Secretariat, RED and RED 2. In 2007, he played Alan Conway in Colour. Malkovich has hosted three episodes of the NBC sketch show Saturday Night Live; the first occasion was in January 1989 with musical guest Anita Baker. I. with Swizz Beatz. In 1993 he was the narrator for the film Alive. In June 2018, Malkovich began filming a three-part adaptation of Agatha Christie's The A. B. C. Murders co-starring Rupert Grint for BBC television, playing the role of fictional Belgian detective Hercule Poirot, it was announced in 2019 that David Mamet w