Culture of Chicago
The culture of Chicago, Illinois is known for the invention or significant advancement of several performing arts, including improvisational comedy, house music, gospel and soul. The city is known for its Chicago School and Prairie School architecture, the city is additionally known for various popular culinary dishes, including deep-dish pizza, the Chicago-style hot dog and the Italian beef sandwich. Chicago lays claim to a number of regional specialties that reflect the citys ethnic. Included among these are its nationally renowned deep-dish pizza, this style is said to have originated at Pizzeria Uno, the Chicago-style thin crust is popular in the city. A number of well-known chefs have had restaurants in Chicago, including Charlie Trotter, Rick Tramonto, Grant Achatz, in 2003, Robb Report named Chicago the countrys most exceptional dining destination and in 2008, Maxim awarded Chicago the title of Tastiest City. Chicago-style pizza is deep-dish pizza with an outer crust and large amounts of cheese.
Similar to this is stuffed pizza, with more cheese, topped with a second. Thin-crust pizza is very popular in Chicago. The Italian beef, a sandwich featuring thinly sliced roast beef simmered in a broth containing Italian-style seasonings, most beef stands offer a cheesy beef option, which is typically the addition of a slice of provolone or mozzarella. A combo is a sandwich with the addition of grilled Italian sausage. Italian beef sandwiches are traditionally topped with sweet peppers or spicy giardiniera, shrimp DeJonghe, a casserole of whole peeled shrimp blanketed in soft, sherry-laced bread crumbs. Maxwell Street Polish, named after Maxwell Street where it was first sold and its a Polish sausage made with beef and pork, and with garlic and other spices, served on a bun with grilled onions. A francheezie is a variation of the Chicago-style hot dog, the hot dog is wrapped in bacon and deep-fried, and either stuffed or topped with cheese. The jibarito is a specialty sandwich that originated in the heart of Chicagos Puerto Rican community, the mother-in-law is a tamale on a hot dog bun, topped with chili.
Chicago has its own style of tamale, machine-extruded from cornmeal and wrapped in paper. While some restaurants make their own gyros cones, Chicago is the hometown of mass-produced gyros. Flaming saganaki was popularized by restaurants in the Greektown neighborhood, a pizza puff is a deep-fried dough pocket filled with cheese, tomato sauce, and other pizza ingredients such as sausage. Indigenous to Chicago, pizza puffs can be found at hot dog restaurants
Rahm Israel Emanuel is an American politician who is the 44th mayor of Chicago. A member of the Democratic Party, Emanuel was elected in 2011 and he was re-elected on April 7,2015. Born in Chicago, Emanuel is a graduate of Sarah Lawrence College, working early in his career in Democratic politics, Emanuel was appointed as director of the finance committee for Bill Clintons 1992 presidential campaign. Beginning a career in finance, Emanuel worked at the investment bank Wasserstein Perella & Co. from 1998 for 2½ years and served on the board of directors of Freddie Mac. In 2002, Emanuel ran for a seat in the U. S. House of Representatives vacated by Rod Blagojevich, Emanuel won the first of three terms representing Illinoiss 5th congressional district, a seat he held from 2003 to 2009. After the 2008 presidential election, President Barack Obama appointed Emanuel to serve as White House chief of staff, in October 2010, Emanuel resigned as chief of staff to run as a candidate in Chicagos 2011 mayoral election.
Emanuel won with 55% of the vote over five candidates in the nonpartisan mayoral election. Although Emanuel did not obtain a majority in the February 2015 mayoral election. In early December the federal Justice Department announced an investigation into the operations of the Chicago police department, Emanuels grandfather was a Romanian Jew from Bessarabia. The surname Emanuel, which means God with us, was adopted by their family in honor of his fathers brother Emanuel Auerbach, Emanuels parents met during the 1950s in Chicago. Emanuel was born on November 29,1959 in Chicago and his first name, Rahm means high or lofty in Hebrew. He has been described by his older brother Ezekiel, an oncologist and bioethicist at the University of Pennsylvania, as quiet and observant as a child. Ari, the youngest, is the co-CEO of William Morris Endeavor, while he lived in Chicago, Emanuel attended the Bernard Zell Anshe Emet Day School. After his family moved to Wilmette, north of the city, Emanuel attended public schools, Romona School, Locust Junior High School and he and his brothers attended summer camp in Israel, including the summer following the June 1967 Six-Day War.
Ezekiel has written that their father did not believe in building his sons self-esteem by purposefully letting us win. About Rahm, he wrote, Though fiercely intelligent. He was not naturally inclined to sit at a desk and put in effort to turn a B into an A. As my father said, without noting that the phrase applied to himself at that same age
Lake Shore Drive
Lake Shore Drive is an expressway running parallel with and alongside the shoreline of Lake Michigan through Chicago, Illinois, USA. Except for the north of Foster Avenue, Lake Shore Drive is designated as part of U. S. Highway 41. From the Chicago River south to 57th Street was named Leif Ericson Drive in 1927, the roadway was nicknamed Field Boulevard. The entire road was named Lake Shore Drive in 1946, Lake Shore Drives origins date back to Potter Palmer, who coerced the city to build the street adjacent to his lakefront property to enhance its value. Palmer built his castle at 1350 N, the drive was originally intended for leisurely strolls for the wealthy in their carriages, but as the auto age dawned it took on a different role completely. In 1937, the double-decker Link Bridge over the Chicago River opened, along with viaducts over rail yards, the lower level was intended for a railroad connection, but it was never used until LSD was rebuilt in 1986. At the time the bridge was built, it was the longest and widest bascule bridge in the world, the Lake Shore Drive and Link Bridge Photograph Album, c1937, documents the bridges construction.
The album is held by the Ryerson & Burnham Libraries at the Art Institute of Chicago, North of the river, LSD intersected Ohio Street at grade, and passed over Grand Avenue and Illinois Street on its way to the bridge South of the river. LSD came from the south on its current alignment, but continued straight at the north of Monroe Street. It intersected Randolph Street at grade and continued north above the Illinois Central Railroads yard, at the river, it made a sharp turn to the right, and another sharp turn to the left onto the bridge. This reverse curve was known locally as the S-Curve or the S-Turn, the landfill used for the 1930s extension was mostly dirt, but the 1950s extension included rubble and debris from the destruction of homes razed for the construction of the Congress Expressway. Portions of the drive between Irving Park Road and Foster Avenue still contain the original concrete from the 1930s, Sheridan Road south of Foster narrows to 2 lanes of traffic with street parking on each side as well.
In the 1950s and 1960s, Illinois and Cook County presented plans for an Interstate 494 to run part of LSD. After I-494 was moved to the Crosstown Expressway, a new I-694 designation was formed for the LSD upgrade that never came to be, when Wacker Drive was extended east to LSD in the 1970s, its upper level ended at LSD at the west curve. A new development at the northeast corner of the Randolph Street intersection resulted in an extension of Randolph across LSD, construction began in 1982 on a realignment of LSD south of the river. A whole new alignment was built, greatly smoothing the S-curve, the northbound side opened in October 1985, and the southbound side opened in November 1986. A new lower level was built, using the level of the bridge, and providing access to the new Wacker Drive. The old road south of Randolph became a Cancer Survivors Plaza, the rest, between Randolph and Wacker, was kept for several years as Field Boulevard, but was demolished in 1994
Wolf Point, Chicago
Wolf Point is the location at the confluence of the North and Main Branches of the Chicago River in the present day Near North Side and Near West Side community areas of Chicago. This fork in the river is important in the development of early Chicago. This was the location of Chicagos first three taverns, its first hotel, Sauganash Hotel, its first ferry, its first drug store, its first church, and the first bridges across the Chicago River. The name is said to derive from a Native American Chief whose name translated to wolf. Historically, the west bank of the river at the fork was called Wolf Point, but in the 1820s and 1830s it came to denote the entire area, the origin of the name, Wolf Point, is unknown. In her 1856 memoir Wau-Bun, Juliette Kinzie states that the place was called Wolf Point, from its having been the residence of an Indian named Moa-way, the first non-indigenous settler at Wolf Point may have been a trader named Guarie. Hubbard wrote that De Champs had shown him evidence of a trading house, james Kinzie, the son of early settler John Kinzie, built a tavern on the west bank of the river at Wolf Point in 1828.
By 1829 this tavern was operated for Kinzie by Archibald Caldwell who was granted a license on December 8 of that year. Caldwell left Chicago early in 1830 and Elijah Wentworth became the landlord of the tavern and he was in turn succeeded by Charles Taylor and William Walters. The tavern became known as the Wolf Point Tavern or Wolf Tavern, in about 1829, Samuel Miller and his brother John opened a store on the north bank of the river at the forks. In 1830, they enlarged their store and began to operate it as a tavern in competition with the Wolf Point Tavern, on June 2,1829 Samuel Miller and Archibald Clybourn had been authorized to operate the first ferry across the Chicago River. Clybourn was the man, crossing the North Branch of the river between Millers tavern and the Wolf Point Tavern. In 1831 John Miller built a log house near his brothers tavern that he used as a tannery, Samuel Miller sold the tavern and moved away following the death of his wife in 1832. Mark Beaubien opened the Eagle Exchange Tavern in a log cabin on the bank in 1829.
In 1831 Beaubien added an addition and opened the Sauganash Hotel. Immediately adjacent to the public bar was Chicagos first drug store. Beaubien left the Sauganash Hotel in 1834, but the hotel continued in operation until it was destroyed by a fire in 1851. The site of the Sauganash Hotel was redeveloped as the Wigwam in 1860, james Kinzie built the Green Tree Tavern at the northeastern corner of Canal and Lake Streets in 1833
Trump International Hotel and Tower (Chicago)
The Trump International Hotel and Tower, known as Trump Tower Chicago and Trump Tower, is a skyscraper condo-hotel in downtown Chicago, Illinois. The building, named after businessman and current President of the United States, Donald Trump, was designed by architect Adrian Smith of Skidmore and Merrill. Bovis Lend Lease built the 98-story structure, which reaches a height of 1,388 feet including its spire and it is next to the main branch of the Chicago River, with a view of the entry to Lake Michigan beyond a series of bridges over the river. When topped out in 2009, it became the fourth-tallest building in the US and it surpassed the citys John Hancock Center as the building with the highest residence in the world, and held this title until the completion of the Burj Khalifa. The design of the building includes, from the ground up, retail space, a parking garage, the 339-room hotel opened for business with limited accommodations and services on January 30,2008, full accommodation and services on April 28. A restaurant on the 16th floor, opened in early 2008 to favorable reviews, the building topped out in late 2008 and construction was completed in 2009.
As of 2015, the hotel is three in Chicago with an elite five-star Forbes Travel Guide rating. It hosts a restaurant that is one of three five-star Forbes-rated restaurants in the city and a spa that is one of six that is at least a four-star Forbes-rated in the Chicago area in 2015. Sixteen is one of five restaurants in Chicago with at least a Michelin Guide two-star rating in 2016, the tower sits at 401 North Wabash Avenue in the River North Gallery District, part of the Near North Side community area of Chicago. The building is across the Chicago River from the Chicago Loop and it is a block away from the southern end of the Magnificent Mile portion of Michigan Avenue. The restaurant, has a view of the Chicago Rivers entrance to Lake Michigan. The design of the building incorporates three setback features designed to provide continuity with the surrounding skyline, each reflecting the height of a nearby building. The third setback, on the east side, relates to 330 North Wabash building, some views distort the alignment of the second setback.
The setbacks and rounded edges of the building combat vortex formation, the body of the building is raised 30 feet above the main Wabash entrance and 70 feet above the Chicago River. The buildings Permasteelisa curtain wall uses clear low-emissivity coated glass and a curved wing-shaped polished stainless-steel mullion system that projects 9 inches from the glass line and it incorporates a brushed stainless steel spandrel panels and clear anodized aluminum. The building has 2,600,000 square feet of space, rises to 98 stories. These include studio apartments, a mixture of suites with one to four bedrooms, the tower features a luxury hotel condominium with 339 guest rooms. The building includes, from the ground up, retail space, a garage, a hotel
Music of Chicago
Chicago, Illinois is a major center for music in the midwestern United States where distinctive forms of blues, and house music, a genre of electronic dance music, were developed. The Great Migration of poor workers from the South into the industrial cities brought traditional jazz and blues music to the city, resulting in Chicago blues. Notable blues artists included Muddy Waters, Junior Wells, Howlin Wolf and both Sonny Boy Williamsons, jazz greats included Nat King Cole, Gene Ammons, Benny Goodman, Chicago is well known for its soul music. In the early 1930s, Gospel music began to gain popularity in Chicago due to Thomas A. Dorseys contributions at Pilgrim Baptist Church, in the 1980s and 1990s, heavy rock and hip hop became popular in Chicago. Orchestras in Chicago include the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, the Lyric Opera of Chicago, Chicagos music scene has been well known for its blues music for many years. Chicago blues is known for its heavy rolling bass, Chicago is one of the places where the faster, juicier boogie-woogie emerged from the blues.
House music originated in a Chicago nightclub called The Warehouse, Chicago house is the earliest style of house music. While the origins of the house music are unclear, the most popular belief is that it can be traced to the name of that club. DJ Frankie Knuckles originally popularized house music while working at The Warehouse, House music was developed in the houses and clubs of Chicago, and was initially for local club-goers in the underground club scenes, rather than for widespread commercial release. As a result, the recordings were much more conceptual, the distinctive Chicago style of jazz originated in southern musicians moving North after 1917, bringing with them the New Orleans Dixieland or sometimes called hot jazz styles. King Oliver and Jelly Roll Morton became stars of the Chicago jazz scene, Louis Armstrongs recordings with his Chicago-based Louis Armstrong and his Hot Five and Hot Seven band came out in the years 1925 to 1928. These recordings marked the transition of original New Orleans jazz to a sophisticated type of American improvised music with more emphasis on solo choruses instead of just little solo breaks.
This style of playing was adopted by musicians who favored meters of 2 instead of 4. The Lindy Hop was originally danced to 4 beat Chicago style jazz, the gangsters of Chicago engaged profiled musicians like Earl Hines, whose benefit was to lead an orchestra in one of the citys top locations. Hines and Benny Goodman emancipated from Chicago style when they two of the most famous band leaders of the swing era. Two decades later, original Chicago-style pianist Art Hodes presented the classic style in a TV show series. From the mid 1960s to the present day the Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians has nurtured Great Black Music, in the 21st century, Chicago continues to have a vibrant and innovative jazz scene, featuring the annual Chicago Jazz Festival. Musicians from all surviving eras of jazz perform regularly in the city, release recordings, sinyan Shen, internationally known for his Shanghai classical repertoire and Shanghai jazz performances based on tonal interests and just intervals, is based in Chicago
Economy of Chicago
Chicago and its suburbs, which together comprise the Chicago Metropolitan Area, is home to 29 Fortune 500 companies and is a transportation and distribution center. Manufacturing, publishing and food processing play roles in the citys economy. The total economic output of Chicago in GMP totaled US$547B in 2012 making Chicago the 21st largest economy in the world just surpassing the total output of Switzerland. The central downtown area has experienced a resurgence, in contrast to recent years, with construction of new condominium. These include the 92-story Trump Tower Chicago, Lakeshore East development, since the recession, other projects, like the planned 150-story 2000 foot Chicago Spire by architect Santiago Calatrava, have now been cancelled. Many city neighborhoods are gentrifying at a pace as well, including Humboldt Park, Logan Square, Uptown, Near Southside. The massive expansion of OHare International Airport and recently reconstructed Dan Ryan Expressway will shape development patterns for years to come, Home prices in Chicago advanced 7.
8% in March 2013 over March 2012 The city houses one of the Federal Reserve Banks, established in 1914. There is the Federal Home Loan Bank of Chicago, the largest banks in the Chicago region are, JPMorgan Chase, Bank of America, BMO Harris Bank, and Northern Trust. The largest banks headquartered in Chicago are, Northern Trust, Chase, BMO Harris Bank, Wintrust Financial, many financial institutions are in the Loop. Chicago has five major financial exchanges, including the Chicago Stock Exchange, the Chicago Board Options Exchange, the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, the Chicago Board of Trade, and NYSE Arca. While the city of Chicago houses most of the brokerage firms, many insurance companies are in the city or suburbs. According to Reboot Illinois, the largest employers in the city of Chicago are, Before it was incorporated as a town in 1833 and it quickly became known for its ruthless practice of buying out or destroying the competition, as most private traders in Chicago soon found out. It appointed John Kinzie and Antoine Deschamps as its first agents in northern Illinois and their field of operations covered northeastern Illinois and the Illinois River.
In 1819, Charles H. Beaubien was brought in to assist Kinzie, gurdon S. Hubbard replaced Deschamps in 1823 but soon went on his own by purchasing all interests of the company in Illinois. It was home to Grigsby-Grunow, which manufactured radios under the Majestic brand until the company failed in 1934 and it added a line of high-quality television sets in 1949. Modern-day futures and commodity trading markets were pioneered in Chicago, a number of events led to this, along with Chicagos transportation systems and geographic proximity to the rest of the country. Massive amounts of goods passed through Chicago from places in the Mississippi Valley such as St. Louis, grain was stored in Chicago, and people began buying contracts on it. Later, people as far away as New York City began buying contracts by telegraph on the goods that would be stored in Chicago in the future
Columbus Drive (Chicago)
Columbus Drive is a north-south street in Chicago, Illinois which bisects Grant Park. It is 300 East in Chicagos street numbering system and its south end is an interchange with Lake Shore Drive at Soldier Field. After intersecting Illinois Street, it becomes Fairbanks Court and continues to the north, in the Illinois Center development, the main lanes of Columbus Drive are on the middle deck of a three-level structure. That level intersects with the levels of Randolph Street, Lake Street, South Water Street. All these intersecting streets exist on the lower and upper levels, except for Lake, North of the river, it intersects the upper level of North Water Street and passes over that roads lower level before descending to ground level just before reaching Illinois Street. Columbus originally only went south from Monroe Street, south of Illinois Center, in 1980, it was extended to Wacker, including the three-level portion, and it was built over the Chicago River in 1982, connecting to Fairbanks Court.
In 1992 the upper level of North Water Street was built, multilevel streets in Chicago Media related to Columbus Drive at Wikimedia Commons
Crime in Chicago
Crime in Chicago has been tracked by the Chicago Police Departments Bureau of Records since the beginning of the 20th century. The citys overall crime rate, especially the violent crime rate, is higher than the US average. Chicago was responsible for half of 2016s increase in homicides in the US. As of 2017, Chicagos homicide rate is higher when compared to the larger American cities of New York and Los Angeles. The reason for the violence which is localized to areas of the city, including change in police tactics or increase in gang rivalry. Chicago saw a rise in violent crime starting in the late 1960s. After 1992, the count decreased to 641 murders. The population was 2,799,000 in 1999, so the reduction was slow, in 2002, Chicago had fewer murders but a significantly higher murder rate than New York or Los Angeles. Chicago experienced a rise in violent crime starting in the late 1960s, a decline in overall crime in the 2000s. Murder and robbery are common violent crimes in the city, and this murder rate of 15.65 per 100,000 population is still above the U. S. average, an average which takes in many small towns and suburbs.
Chicagos homicide rate had surpassed that of Los Angeles by 2010, by the end of 2015, Chicagos homicide rate would rise to 18.6 per 100,000. By 2016, Chicago had recorded more homicides and shooting victims than New York City, Chicagos biggest criminal justice challenges have not changed much over the last 50 years, and statistically reside with homicide, armed robbery, gang violence, and aggravated battery. He replaced interim superintendent, John Escalante, according to the 2011 Homicide Report released by the Chicago Police Department, the murder clearance rate has dropped from over 70% for 1991 to under 34% for 2011. By 2016, Chicagos murder clearance rate had dropped to only 21%, a Chicago Magazine article further pointed out that, in Chicago, people are quite literally getting away with murder. 76.3 percent of victims had a prior arrest history. Warmer months have significantly higher rates, and over 70% of murders take place between 7PM and 5AM. In 2011, 83% of murders involved a firearm, and 6. 4% were the result of a stabbing, 10% of murders in 2011 were the result of an armed robbery and at least 60% were gang or gang narcotics altercations.
Over 40% of victims and 60% of offenders were between the ages of 17 and 25,75. 3% of victims and 70. 5% of offenders were African American,18. 9% were Hispanic, and 5. 6% were white
Roads and expressways in Chicago
Roads and expressways in Chicago summarizes the main thoroughfares and the numbering system used in Chicago and its surrounding suburbs. Chicagos streets were laid out in a grid that grew from the original townsite plan. Streets following the Public Land Survey System section lines became arterial streets in outlying sections, as new additions to the city were platted, city ordinance required them to be laid out with eight streets to the mile in one direction and 16 in the other direction. A scattering of diagonal streets, many of them originally Indian trails, many additional diagonal streets were recommended in the Plan of Chicago, but only the extension of Ogden Avenue was ever constructed. In the 1950s and 1960s, a network of superhighways was built radiating from the city center, as the city grew and annexed adjacent towns, problems arose with duplicate street names and a confusing numbering system based on the Chicago River. On June 22,1908, the city adopted a system proposed by Edward P.
Brennan. The changes were effective September 1,1909 for most of the city, addresses in Chicago and some suburbs are numbered outward from baselines at State Street, which runs north and south, and Madison Street, which runs east and west. A book was published in 1909 by The Chicago Directory Company indexing the old and this volume is available on line in pdf format indexed by initial letter, Plan of Re-Numbering, City of Chicago, August 1909. The downtown area did not conform to this system until April 1,1911, downtown was defined as Lake Michigan on the east, Roosevelt Road on the south, and the Chicago River on the north and west. The addition to downtown was published, and is on line as a pdf indexed by downtown street name. This additional paragraph explained the changes, The 1909 address change did not affect downtown Chicago. The ordinance was amended June 20,1910 to include the downtown area, the new addresses for the “loop” went into use on April 1,1911. Chicago house numbers are assigned at the rate of 800 to a mile.
The only exceptions are from Madison to 31st Street, just south of downtown, South of 31st Street, the pattern of 800 to the mile resumes, with 39th Street the next major street, 47th after that, and so on. Individual house numbers are assigned at the rate of one per 20 feet of frontage. Thus the last two digits of house numbers generally go only as high as 67 before the block number is reached. Higher house numbers are found on streets and have sometimes been assigned by request. South of Madison Street most of the east-west streets are simply numbered, the street numbering is aligned with the house numbering, so that 95th Street is exactly 9500 South
LaSalle Street is a major north-south street in Chicago named for Sieur de La Salle, an early explorer of Illinois. The portion that runs through the Chicago Loop is considered to be Chicagos financial district, South of the Financial District, LaSalle Street gets cut off for a while by the Amtrak/Metra Rail yard from Taylor St to 1600 South. It runs parallel to the Rock Island District Metra line, South of 26th Street, it serves as a frontage road for the Dan Ryan Expressway until 47th street, where it merges with Wentworth Avenue. South of 47th, it starts and stops as a street until it finally terminates at West 147th Street in Riverdale. The stretch of LaSalle Street and its adjacent buildings in the Loop is recognized as the West Loop—LaSalle Street Historic District, the south end of LaSalle Street terminates at the art-deco Chicago Board of Trade Building, a Chicago Landmark and National Historic Landmark. The LaSalle Street Station commuter terminal is located south of the Board of Trade.
An art deco skyscraper at 135 S. LaSalle and a modern skyscraper 190 S. LaSalle line the street, one North LaSalle, the former Field Building, Chicago City Hall and the James R. Thompson Center are located within the Loop on LaSalle Street. The Rookery Building is a landmark located at 219 South LaSalle Street. Completed by John Wellborn Root and Daniel Burnham of Burnham and Root in 1888 and it measures 181 feet, is twelve stories tall and is one of the oldest standing high-rises in Chicago. It has a style with exterior load-bearing walls and an interior steel frame. Closed in 1906, the tunnel was deepened and reopened to electric street car traffic in 1911-12, the tunnel was closed permanently in 1939 to make way for subway construction. Moving north from the Loop, the crosses the Chicago River using the La Salle Street Bridge. In the Near North Side,300 North LaSalle is located on the banks of the Chicago River. On the corner at Chicago Avenue, LaSalle is adjacent to the entrance of Moody Bible Institute, the street ends 10-blocks north, in Lincoln Park, just past its intersection with North Avenue, where Moody Church stands on the east side of LaSalle.
North of the river, the signage refers to, LaSalle Boulevard. Between North Avenue and Lake Shore Drive, the signage refers to, the street, Chicago Board of Trade Building, and 200 North LaSalle were used in the 2005 film Batman Begins and its sequel The Dark Knight, as well as in the 1999 movie Payback. The view facing south down the canyon has been used in the movies The Untouchables, Public Enemies, Dark of the Moon, the canyon was in the movie Ferris Buellers Day Off. Notes Media related to Financial District, Chicago at Wikimedia Commons
Lakeshore East is a master-planned mixed use urban development being built by the Magellan Development Group in the Loop community area of Chicago in Cook County, United States. It is located in the part of the Loop, which. The development is bordered by Wacker Drive to the north, Columbus Drive to the west, Lake Shore Drive to the east, Owings & Merrill created the master plan for the area. The development, which had scheduled for completion in 2011, is now set for completion in 2013. Lakeshore East features several of the tallest buildings in Chicago and may include a few of the tallest buildings in the United States, the overall planned development, the park, and several of the individual buildings have won awards for architecture and/or urban planning. The buildings are planned for various types of residential use, due to the neighborhoods proximity to both Lake Michigan to the east and the Chicago River to the north, many of the buildings are named with aquatic or nautical themes. As of August 2008,1,500 condominiums have been sold and 1,200 apartments have been completed, previous to this urban development, the Lakeshore East area had been used by Illinois Central Railroad yards.
After World War II, the railroads sold airspace rights north of Randolph Street, for several years after the rail yards were vacated, the site was used as a 9-hole golf course. Pete Dye designed the course, known as Metro Golf at Illinois Center, the solution was to stagger ground-level amenities and building entrances from the upper level at the perimeter to the lower level at the interior. Thus the multilevel street grid is utilized around the edges, with large parking structures in the podiums, a 27-floor vertical expansion of the Blue Cross Blue Shield Tower was completed in 2010. When Harbor Point and 400 East Randolph were built, Lake Shore Drive ran through this neighborhood to the west of these buildings, the Chicago Pedway, which has existed since 1951, connects to public and private buildings, Chicago Transit Authority stations and Metra commuter rail facilities. The 4,6 and 60 CTA bus routes run along the borders of the Lakeshore East area, the archives available on the NewEastside.
org website show numerous plans and unfulfilled promise regarding connecting the Pedway to most of the New Eastside. The plan, which had Adrian Smith as the partner, calls for fourteen high-rise condominiums. Lakeshore East is within walking distance to the Chicago River, Lake Michigan, DuSable Harbor, Michigan Avenue, Grant Park and it is the citys first and currently only free wireless park. The Lancaster was Lakeshore Easts first new completed building, the Shoreham was Lakeshore Easts first completed apartment building. 340 on the Park was briefly the tallest all-residential building in Chicago, the development has its own village center, named Village Market Center, which includes a full service supermarket. The other buildings completed in the first phase of development were The Regatta, The Chandler, in 2011, construction began on Coast at Lakeshore East. Lease occupancies began in February 2013, wanda Vista, a condominium/hotel combination that will be the third tallest building in Chicago, began construction in 2017, with completion expected in 2020