Chichimeca Jonaz

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Chichimeca Jonaz
Úza
Festival de la Toltekidad.jpg
Members of the Chichimeca Jonaz tribe perform ritual dance
Total population
Mexico: 83673
Regions with significant populations
Mexico (Guanajuato and San Luis Potosí)
Languages
Chichimeca Jonaz, Spanish
Religion
Roman Catholic, Shamanism
Related ethnic groups
Pames

The Chichimeca Jonaz are an indigenous people of Mexico, living in the states of Guanajuato and San Luis Potosí. In Guanajuato, the Chichimeca Jonaz people live in a community in San Luis de la Paz municipality. The settlement is 2,070 m above sea level. They call this place Rancho Úza or Misión Chichimeca. They are descendants of the Pame people, who fought in the Chichimeca War (1550-1590) in the Chichimeca Confederation.

Chichimeca Jonaz at San Luis de la Paz.

In the 2000 General Census by INEGI 2,641 people named themselves as speakers of the Chichimeca Jonaz language. Of these 1,433 speakers lived in Guanajuato, and the other 115 in San Luis Potosí.

Their language belongs to the Pamean sub-branch of the Oto-Pamean branch of the Oto-Manguean language family, the closest relative of the Chichimeca Jonaz language is the Pame language.

Spanish colonization of the Americas[edit]

During the ensuing Spanish colonization of the Americas, the Chichimecas Jonaz descendants, whom are the Pame nation, joined the Chichimeca Confederation to fight against the Spanish Empire in the Chichimeca War. The Chichimeca Confederation defeated the Spanish Empire in this forty-year war. The Chichimeca War was the longest lasting and most expensive military conflict to Spain in the history of the Spanish colonization of the Americas.

See also[edit]