click links in text for more info

Chickaloon, Alaska

Chickaloon is a census-designated place in Matanuska-Susitna Borough, United States. It is part of Alaska Metropolitan Statistical Area; the population was 272 at the 2010 census, up from 213 in 2000. The Alaska Native people of Chickaloon are a mixture of Dena'ina Athabaskan. Chickaloon is located at 61°47′38″N 148°28′58″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 80.2 square miles, of which 79.4 square miles is land and 0.8 square miles is water. Chickaloon first appeared on the 1930 U. S. Census as an unincorporated village, it appeared again on the 1940 & 1960 censuses, but was not returned separately in 1950, 1970 & 1980. It returned again beginning in 1990; as of the census of 2000, there are 213 people, 87 households, 58 families residing in the CDP. The population density is 2.7 people per square mile. There are 208 housing units at an average density of 2.6/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP is 77.93% White, 1.41% Black or African American, 15.49% Native American, 0.94% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 1.88% from other races, 2.35% from two or more races.

1.41 % of the population are Latino of any race. There are 87 households out of which 31.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.6% are married couples living together, 3.4% have a female householder with no husband present, 33.3% are non-families. 25.3% of all households are made up of individuals and 4.6% have someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.45 and the average family size is 3.00. In the CDP, the population is spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 3.3% from 18 to 24, 23.0% from 25 to 44, 41.8% from 45 to 64, 6.6% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 44 years. For every 100 females, there are 129.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 120.8 males. The median income for a household in the CDP is $49,792, the median income for a family is $49,792. Males have a median income of $41,827 versus $36,607 for females; the per capita income for the CDP is $14,755. None of the families and 2.8% of the population were living below the poverty line.

The Ya Ne Dah Ah School teaches the Ahtna Athabaskan language as a part of its curriculum. State of Alaska community information profile for Chickaloon

List of state leaders in 1345

This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, other rulers in the year 1345. Ethiopian EmpireNewaya Krestos Kingdom of Kano – Usman Zamnagawa Kanem Empire – - Idris I Mali Empire – Suleiman Morocco - Abu Al-Hasan Ali ibn Othman Zeng Empire – Daud IV, King of Kilwa Aztec Empire – Tenoch, Great Speaker Kingdom of Champa – Tra Hoa China - Emperor Huizong Kingdom of Chūzan - Seii Kingdom of Dambadeniya – Bhuvanaikabâhu IV Delhi Sultanate – - Muhammad bin Tughluq Dhundhar – - Raja Junasi Dev Kingdom of HokuzanHaniji Japan Monarch - Emperor Kōmyō Monarch - Emperor Go-Murakami Ashikaga shogunate - Ashikaga Takauji Korea – Chungmok Kamata Kingdom – - Durlabh Narayan Kedah SultanateIbrahim Shah Madurai SultanateNasir-ud-Din Mahmud Damghani, Sultan of Madurai Kingdom of NanzanOfusato Sukhothai KingdomNgua Nam Thum​ Đại Việt - Trần Dụ Tông Vijayanagara Empire - Harihara I Principality of AchaeaRobert, Prince of Taranto Giudicato of ArboreaPeter III Bulgarian EmpireIvan Alexander, Tsar of Bulgaria Byzantine EmpireJohn V Palaiologos Crown of CastileAlfonso XI Kingdom of DenmarkValdemar IV Kingdom of EnglandEdward III Kingdom of FrancePhilip VI Kingdom of Galicia–VolhyniaLiubartas Republic of GenoaGiovanni I di Murta, Doge of Genoa Sultanate of Granada – - Yusuf I Hebrides – John I, Lord of the Hebrides Holy Roman Empire - Louis IV County of Hainaut and County of Holland - William II Margaret Electorate of SaxonyRudolf I, Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg Kingdom of HungaryLouis I Grand Duchy of LithuaniaJaunutis Algirdas Kingdom of NaplesJoanna I Kingdom of Norway Monarch – Haakon VI de facto - Magnus VII, regent Novgorod – President of the Council of Novgorod - Vasili Kalika Kingdom of Portugal and the AlgarvesAfonso IV Kingdom of SerbiaStefan Uroš IV Dušan Kingdom of SwedenMagnus II Republic of VeniceAndrea Dandolo, Doge of Venice WallachiaBasarab I, Voivode of Wallachia Jandarids - Altynbash, Bey of Sinop Kingdom of CyprusHugh IV Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia – - Constantine III Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt – Imad-ad-Din Ismail Shaban I Ottoman EmpireOrhan I, Ottoman Bey

2012 Boys' Youth NORCECA Volleyball Championship

The 2012 Boys' Youth NORCECA Volleyball Championship was the eighth edition of the bi-sexual Volleyball Tournament, played by eight countries from July 2–7, 2012 in Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico. The top two teams other than Mexico qualified to the 2013 Boys Youth World Championship, Mexico had secured a berth as Host. Match won 3–0: 5 points for the winner, 0 point for the loser Match won 3–1: 4 points for the winner, 1 points for the loser Match won 3–2: 3 points for the winner, 2 points for the loser In case of tie, the teams were classified according to the following criteria: points ratio and sets ratio MVP: Osmany Uriarte Best Scorer: Osmany Uriarte Best Spiker: Inover Romero Best Blocker: Jorge Caraballo Best Server: Osmany Uriarte Best Digger: Luis Chavez Best Setter: Ricardo Calvo Best Receiver: Entenza Barbaro Best Libero: Luis Chavez Official website

Verbal fluency test

Verbal fluency tests are a kind of psychological test in which participants have to produce as many words as possible from a category in a given time. This category can be semantic, including objects such as animals or fruits, or phonemic, including words beginning with a specified letter, such as p, for example; the semantic fluency test is sometimes described as the category fluency test or as "freelisting". The COWAT is the most employed phonetic variant. Although the most common performance measure is the total number of words, other analyses such as number of repetitions and length of clusters of words from the same semantic or phonetic subcategory, or number of switches to other categories can be carried out. Verbal fluency tests have been validated as brief cognitive assessments for the detection of cognitive impairment and dementia in non-specialist clinical settings. Performance in verbal fluency tests show a number of consistent characteristics in both children and adults: There is a hyperbolic decline in the rate of production of new items over the duration of the task.

More typical category exemplars are produced with higher frequency, earlier in lists, than less typical ones. Items are produced in bursts of semantically-related words in the case of the semantic version and phonetic in the case of phonetic version. Regarding the brain areas used in this task, neuropsychological investigations implicate both frontal and temporal lobe areas, the contribution of the former being more important in the phonemic variant and of the latter in the semantic variant. Accordingly, different neurological pathologies affecting these areas produce impairments in one or both versions of the task. For this reason fluency tests are included in clinical batteries, they have been used in cognitive psychological and neuropsychological investigations. Priming studies indicate that when a word or concept is activated in memory, spoken, it will activate other words or concepts which are associatively related or semantically similar to it; this evidence suggests that the order in which words are produced in the fluency task will provide an indirect measure of semantic distance between the items generated.

Data from this semantic version of the task have therefore been the subject of many studies aimed at uncovering the structure of semantic memory, determining how this structure changes during normal development, or becomes disorganized through neurological disease or mental illness. These studies make use of multiple fluency lists in order to make estimates of the semantic distance between pairs of concepts. Techniques such as multidimensional scaling and hierarchical clustering can be used to visualize the semantic organization of the conceptual space; such studies have found that semantic memory, at least as reflected by this test, has a schematic, or script-based, organization. Whose core aspects may remain stable throughout life. For instance, the figure on the right shows a hierarchical clustering analysis of animal semantic fluency data from 55 British schoolchildren aged 7–8; the analysis reveals that children have schematic organization for this category according to which animals are grouped by where they are most seen.

Children and zoology PhD candidates, all show this same tendency to cluster animals according to the environmental context in which they are observed. It has been proposed that the semantic memory organization, underlying performance in the semantic fluency test, becomes disordered as the result of some forms of neuropsychological disorder such as Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia, the evidence for this has been queried on theoretical and methodological grounds. Chicago word fluency test Word Associations Network - Creates set of associations for user suggested words

Advanced Squad Leader

Advanced Squad Leader is a tactical-level board wargame marketed by Avalon Hill Games, that simulates actions of squad sized units in World War II. It is a detailed game system for two or more players. Components include various games called modules. ASL modules provide the standard equipment for playing ASL, including geomorphic mapboards and counters; the mapboards are divided into hexagons to regulate fire and movement, depict generic terrain that can represent different historical locations. The counters are cardboard pieces that depict squads of soldiers, individual leaders, support weapons, heavy weapons, vehicles. Combined with the sales of the original Squad Leader, Advanced Squad Leader sold over 1 million copies by 1997. Fifteen core modules provide representations of nearly every troop type and weapon to see combat action from any nationality involved in World War II; each module comes with 6 to 20 researched situations depicting historical battles. These scenarios are printed on card stock with specifications of game length, map board configuration, counters involved, special rules for the conditions of the particular battle such as weather, victory conditions.

In addition to the scenarios published in the modules, there are numerous other sources for scenarios, both official and unofficial. There is a detailed set of instructions in the ASL Rulebook for Design Your Own scenarios based on a point-purchase system. Additional variations on ASL include Deluxe ASL, a short-lived experiment in fusing miniature wargaming with ASL; the game was first published by Avalon Hill in 1985 as a successor to the award-winning Squad Leader series, on which the game is based and from which the rules and components were directly developed. By the time the fourth and final installment of Squad Leader debuted, there were four separate rulebooks in existence with poorly integrated and sometimes contradictory rules. For example, U. S. forces had lower morale and were disadvantaged by the use of morale ratings to determine the ability to push ordnance through snow or mud, but there is no real reason for morale to affect such an attempt. It was clear that the system had grown in ways never dreamed of in 1977.

Avalon Hill had promised a new rulebook streamlining procedures, eliminating redundancies, revising the "To Hit/To Kill" system used to simulate armor protection and penetration in tank combat. Instead, by the time it debuted, Advanced Squad Leader had become a complete replacement of the games of the original SL series; as an example, the original SL has only twelve different tank and assault gun types, only five different armor ratings, from -2 to +2. By contrast, ASL has separate counters for 56 different types of tanks and assault guns for the Germans alone, with armor values from 0 to 26, based on actual thickness and degree of slope. Beyond Valor includes 99 separate German vehicles simulated in the game, including halftracks, armored cars, anti-aircraft vehicles, soft skins. Many fans of the original Squad Leader game who had looked forward to improvements to the system with the release of Advanced Squad Leader were taken aback by the need to replace the four modules they had bought.

The new game requires at least two products, the Advanced Squad Leader Rulebook and an initial module, either Beyond Valor, which contains a brand new counter mix for the German and Finnish armies, as well as all necessary system counters, or else Paratrooper, which contains a limited counter mix for system markers, US paratrooper units and their German opponents in Normandy. Either initial module requires ownership of boards from SL in order to play the included scenarios; the new game does not feature programmed instruction, instead of requiring a thorough reading of at least four chapters of the ASL Rulebook to play a game with ordnance and/or vehicles in it. The most basic ASL components were no longer introductory in nature, although Paratrooper masqueraded as such.. Avalon Hill suggested that anyone wishing to play ASL purchase the original Squad Leader and gain experience with that system first, kept the original SL and three gamettes in print; the necessity of owning boards from these modules in order to play printed scenarios in the core modules of ASL may have been a factor in this decision.

So while ASL was intended to replace SL, there was a certain ambiguity for many years about the status of SL's replacement. ASL was the first of Avalon Hill's'advanced' games. In 1998 Monarch Avalon, Inc. sold its entire line of games to Hasbro. On January 15, 1999, Multi-Man Publishing, LLC announced an exclusive association with Hasbro, Inc. "to develop and distribute games and other products for Avalon Hill's Advanced Squad Leader game system." MMP is a gaming company founded in 1994 by Perry Cocke and Brian Youse, co-partner Curt Schilling, to preserve ASL and other Avalon Hill games. Multi-Man Publish

Sir Albert Bowen, 1st Baronet

Sir Albert Edward Bowen, 1st Baronet was an English businessman who spent much of his life in Argentina. Bowen was born in Staffordshire, his family emigrated to Canada when he was a boy and he was educated at Upper Canada College in Toronto. At the age of twenty-one, he moved to Buenos Aires and entered business becoming successful and wealthy. In 1895, he returned to England, intending to enjoy his fortune. However, he soon returned joining the board of Wilson, Sons & Co, coal merchants, he took more directorships, until he sat on the board of eight companies, most of them associated with Argentina, including the Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway and the Buenos Aires Western Railway. He joined the board of the Buenos Aires Great Southern Railway in 1908 and became chairman in 1916, holding the post until his death, he continued to pay periodical visits to Argentina, where his great knowledge of the country and fluency in Spanish were great assets to his companies. He was attributed with the construction of the Buenos Aires/Chile railway line over the Andes.

He was High Sheriff of Bedfordshire in 1910–1911. During the First World War he served on many government committees. For his many services to his country and to business, Bowen was created a baronet in the 1921 New Year Honours. On 24 April 1884, Bowen married Alice Anita Crowther, they had five children: Winifred Ada Bowen, Gertrude Dorothy Bowen, Evelyn Constance Bowen, Major Sir Edward Crowther Bowen, 2nd Baronet, Harold Cedric Bowen. Their eldest daughter, married Alexander Cobbe, an officer in the Indian Army and a recipient of the Victoria Cross, their second daughter, married the diplomat Sir Kinahan Cornwallis. Bowen baronets Obituary, The Times, 20 September 1924