Génave is a city located in the province of Jaén, Spain. According to the 2006 census, the city has a population of 565 inhabitants
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party is a social-democratic political party in Spain. The PSOE has been in government for a longer time than any other political party in modern democratic Spain: from 1982 to 1996 under Felipe González; the PSOE was founded in 1879, which makes it the oldest party active in Spain. The PSOE played a key role during the Second Spanish Republic, being part of coalition government from 1931 to 1933 and from 1936 to 1939, when the Republic was defeated by Francisco Franco in the Spanish Civil War. A Marxist party, it abandoned Marxism in 1979; the PSOE has had strong ties with the General Union of Workers, a Spanish trade union. For decades, UGT membership was a requirement for PSOE membership. However, since the 1980s UGT has criticized the economic policies of PSOE calling for a general strike against the PSOE government on 14 December 1988; the PSOE is a member of the Party of European Socialists, Progressive Alliance and the Socialist International. In the European Parliament, PSOE's 14 Members of the European Parliament sit in the Socialists and Democrats European parliamentary group.
PSOE was founded by Pablo Iglesias on 2 May 1879 in the Casa Labra tavern in Tetuán Street near the Puerta del Sol at the centre of Madrid. Iglesias was a typesetter who had become in contact in the past with the Spanish section of the International Working Men's Association and with Paul Lafargue; the first program of the new political party was passed in an assembly of 40 people, on 20 July of that same year. The bulk of the growth of the PSOE and its affiliated trade union, the Unión General de Trabajadores was chiefly restricted to the Madrid-Biscay-Asturias triangle up until the 1910s; the obtaining of a seat at the Congress by Pablo Iglesias at the 1910 legislative election, in which the PSOE candidates presented within the broad Republican–Socialist Conjunction, became a development of great symbolical transcendence, gave the party more publicity at the national level. The party and the UGT took a leading role in the general strike of August 1917, in the context of the events of the 1917 Crisis during the conservative government of Eduardo Dato.
The strike was crushed by the army with the result of further undermining of the constitutional order. Sent to the prison of Cartagena, they were released a year after being elected to the Cortes in the 1918 general election. During the 1919−1921 "Crisis of the Internationals" the party experienced tensions between the members endorsing the Socialist International and the advocates for joining the Third International. Two consecutive splits of dissidents willing to join the Komintern, namely the Spanish Communist Party in 1920, the Spanish Communist Workers' Party in 1921, broke away from the PSOE and soon merged to create the Communist Party of Spain; the party was a member of the Labour and Socialist International between 1923 and 1940. After the death of Pablo Iglesias in 1925, Julián Besteiro replaced the at the presidency of the PSOE and the UGT. During the 1923–1930 dictatorship of Primo de Rivera corporativist PSOE and UGT elements were willing to engage into limited collaboration with the regime, against the political stance defended by other socialists such as Indalecio Prieto and Fernando de los Ríos, who instead vouched for a closer collaboration with republican forces.
The last years of the dictatorship saw a divergence emerge among the "corporativists". The opposition of Besteiro to participate in the "Revolutionary Committee" led to his resignation as president both of the party and the trade union in February 1931, he was replaced as president of the party by Remigio Cabello. After the proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic on 14 April 1931, three PSOE members were included in the cabinet of the provisional government: Indalecio Prieto, Fernando de los Ríos and Francisco Largo Caballero; the socialist presence remained in the rest of cabinets of the "Social-Azañist Biennium". After the November 1933 general election, which marked a win for the right-of-centre forces, in a climate of increasing polarization and growing unemployment along a desire to mend the mistake of not having sided along the republicans in the election against the united right, Largo Caballero adopted a revolutionary rhetoric. Indalecio Prieto had participated in the aggressive rhetoric, having condemned the heavy-hand repression of the December 1933 anarchist uprising by the government, cheered on by the CEDA parliamentary fraction leaders.
The Socialist Youth of Spain engaged into a shrilling revolutionary rhetoric, while Besteiro opposed the insurrectionary drift of the militancy. The formation of a new cabinet including CEDA ministers in October 1934 was perceived among the Left as a reaction, with the CEDA party being indistinguishable from contemporary Fascism to most workers, while CEDA leader Gil-Robles had vouched for the establishment of a corporative state in the 1933 electoral campaign. Having the UGT called for a general strike in the country for 5 October, the strike developed into a full-blown insurrection
Chiusa Sclafani is a comune in the Metropolitan City of Palermo in the Italian region Sicily, located about 50 kilometres south of Palermo. Chiusa Sclafani borders the following municipalities: Bisacquino, Caltabellotta, Giuliana, Palazzo Adriano. Chiclana de Segura, Spain Montanaro, Italy
Beas de Segura
Beas de Segura is a town located in the province of Jaén, Spain. According to the 2009 census, the town has a population of 5,591 inhabitants. Beas de Segura is a municipality and Spanish town located in the province of Jaén in the autonomous community of Andalusia, it is included in the region of Sierra de Segura, with a quarter of its territory within the Natural Park of the Sierras de Cazorla and Las Villas6 and has an extension of 160.3 km², being a transition between the countryside and la sierra.7 In 2016, its municipal register registered a population of 5,380 inhabitants, 8 making it the most populated municipality in the region, as well as the center of influence of the bordering municipalities. The majority of its lands consist of agricultural areas dedicated to the cultivation of olive trees, why it is integrated into the "Spanish Association of Municipalities of the Olive Tree of the province of Jaén".9 Its excellent oil production oliva has allowed its oil industry to be included in the denomination of origin of the homonymous mountain.10 This activity, together with livestock and numerous areas of natural and rural interest, constitute its main economic activity.
The first vestiges of civilization date from the Lower Paleolithic, where on the banks of the Guadalimar River lived human beings in small hordes and subsisted on the natural resources offered by the land. No human skeletal remains have been found, but a rich lithic industry has been found, some of whose tools are on display at the Museum of Natural Sciences in Madrid and the Jaén Museum, listed as one of the oldest in Andalusia.11 From the Roman stage there is evidence of the Mocho Bridge over the Guadalimar River, 2000 years old. The convent of Beas was declared as an Asset of Cultural Interest on April 25, 1979, years on March 22, 1983, opened in the General Catalog of the Andalusian Historical Heritage.12 From the 22 to the 25 of April the celebrations in honor to San Marcos are celebrated for centuries, being protagonist of the same the well-known one as bull ensogao. This festivity has an important repercussion both nationally and internationally and was declared as National Tourist Interest Festivals of Andalusia on September 16, 2008.13
Fuerte del Rey
Fuerte del Rey is a city located in the province of Jaén, Spain. According to the 2006 census, the city has a population of 1267 inhabitants
Arjona is a municipality in the province of Jaén, Spain. It is located 44 kilometres from the provincial capital, Jaén, 77 kilometres from the city of Córdoba; as of 2017, it had a population of 5,662 and it has an area of 158.45 square kilometres. It belongs to the comarca of Campiña, its land area is agricultural, with an emphasis on olive trees. Its economy relies on agriculture and olive oil production, but it is known for its furniture and baking industries. Arjona is known as the birthplace in 1194 of Muhammad I of the Emirate of Granada. Excavations in Arjona's central square revealed a Bronze Age settlement from around 3000 BC. Phoenicians and Greeks left their mark on the municipal territory, with the name URGABON apparing on Greek coins. During the Roman Era, Arjona was known as Urgao Alba. After Julius Caesar's victory at the Battle of Munda in 45 BC, Urgavo received a privileged juridical statutue for its support of Caesar, as did Illiturgis and Obulco. Inscriptions have been found attesting to the city's importance during the Roman Empire connected to the existence of temples dedicated to Augustus and Plotina, the wife of Trajan.
Arjona was one of the first places on the Iberian Peninsula, awarded the Roman citizenship. In 308, the execution of the brothers and Christian martyrs Saints Bonosus and Maximianus took place in Arjona. After the 8th century Umayyad conquest of Hispania, Urgavo came to be known as Qal'at Aryuna in Arabic and was controlled by the Banu Bayila family. After the fall of the Caliphate of Córdoba in 1031, the city participated in the internal fights of the taifa period, during which time its city walls were reinforced. Around the middle of the 12th century, Arjona was taken by the Almohad Caliphate. In 1195, Arjona was the birthplace of Muhammad ibn Yusuf ibn Nasr known as Ibn al-Aḥmar, who would go on to become Muhammad I, the first ruler of the Emirate of Granada and founder of the Nasrid dynasty, he was born in the Alcázar, now the Hospital of San Miguel and was known as the Casa del Rey. The Almohad Caliphate went into decline after 1212, Al-Andalus came under control of Ibn Hud. In 1232, Muhammad started a rebellion in Arjona against Ibn Hud.
Muhammad retained Arjona and Jaén. In the following years, he gained control over several other cities, but in 1244 Arjona was taken by the Christian forces of Ferdinand III of Castile. In 1246, Muhammad agreed to surrender Jaén as well and accept Ferdinand's overlordship, creating the Emirate of Granada as a tributary state and becoming its first ruler. Under Christian rule, Arjona and Jaén were incorporated into the Kingdom of Jaén, a territory of the Crown of Castile. Arjona was managed by the Knights Templar, dissolved in 1312 by the Order of Calatrava knights
Bedmar y Garcíez
Bedmar y Garcíez is a city located in the province of Jaén, Spain. According to the 2006 census, the municipality has a population of 3185 inhabitants. Bedmar and Garcíez were independent municipal entities until they were merged in 1975. Garciez