Avaete, Seed of Revenge
Avaete, Seed of Revenge is a 1985 Brazilian drama film directed by Zelito Viana. Based on the massacre of Cinta Larga people in the region of Fontanillas, it was shot along the Juruena River, Mato Grosso, as well as on locations in São Paulo and Brasília, it was entered into the 14th Moscow International Film Festival. Hugo Carvana Renata Sorrah Milton Rodrigues Macsuara Kadiweu José Dumont Cláudio Mamberti Sérgio Mamberti Cláudio Marzo Nina de Pádua Jonas Bloch Chico Diaz Marcos Palmeira Avaete, Seed of Revenge on IMDb
Mexico the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States. Covering 2,000,000 square kilometres, the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the eleventh most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity, the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Puebla, Tijuana and León. Pre-Columbian Mexico dates to about 8000 BC and is identified as one of five cradles of civilization and was home to many advanced Mesoamerican civilizations such as the Olmec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec and Aztec before first contact with Europeans. In 1521, the Spanish Empire conquered and colonized the territory from its politically powerful base in Mexico-Tenochtitlan, administered as the viceroyalty of New Spain.
Three centuries the territory became a nation state following its recognition in 1821 after the Mexican War of Independence. The post-independence period was tumultuous, characterized by economic inequality and many contrasting political changes; the Mexican–American War led to a territorial cession of the extant northern territories to the United States. The Pastry War, the Franco-Mexican War, a civil war, two empires, the Porfiriato occurred in the 19th century; the Porfiriato was ended by the start of the Mexican Revolution in 1910, which culminated with the promulgation of the 1917 Constitution and the emergence of the country's current political system as a federal, democratic republic. Mexico has the 11th largest by purchasing power parity; the Mexican economy is linked to those of its 1994 North American Free Trade Agreement partners the United States. In 1994, Mexico became the first Latin American member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, it is classified as an upper-middle income country by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country by several analysts.
The country is considered both a regional power and a middle power, is identified as an emerging global power. Due to its rich culture and history, Mexico ranks first in the Americas and seventh in the world for number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Mexico is an ecologically megadiverse country, ranking fourth in the world for its biodiversity. Mexico receives a huge number of tourists every year: in 2018, it was the sixth most-visited country in the world, with 39 million international arrivals. Mexico is a member of the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the G8+5, the G20, the Uniting for Consensus group of the UN, the Pacific Alliance trade bloc. Mēxihco is the Nahuatl term for the heartland of the Aztec Empire, namely the Valley of Mexico and surrounding territories, with its people being known as the Mexica, it is believed to be a toponym for the valley which became the primary ethnonym for the Aztec Triple Alliance as a result, although it could have been the other way around.
In the colonial era, back when Mexico was called New Spain this territory became the Intendency of Mexico and after New Spain achieved independence from the Spanish Empire it came to be known as the State of Mexico with the new country being named after its capital: the City of Mexico, which itself was founded in 1524 on top of the ancient Mexica capital of Mexico-Tenochtitlan. Traditionally, the name Tenochtitlan was thought to come from Nahuatl tetl and nōchtli and is thought to mean "Among the prickly pears rocks". However, one attestation in the late 16th-century manuscript known as "the Bancroft dialogues" suggests the second vowel was short, so that the true etymology remains uncertain; the suffix -co is the Nahuatl locative, making the word a place name. Beyond that, the etymology is uncertain, it has been suggested that it is derived from Mextli or Mēxihtli, a secret name for the god of war and patron of the Mexica, Huitzilopochtli, in which case Mēxihco means "place where Huitzilopochtli lives".
Another hypothesis suggests that Mēxihco derives from a portmanteau of the Nahuatl words for "moon" and navel. This meaning might refer to Tenochtitlan's position in the middle of Lake Texcoco; the system of interconnected lakes, of which Texcoco formed the center, had the form of a rabbit, which the Mesoamericans pareidolically associated with the moon rabbit. Still another hypothesis suggests that the word is derived from Mēctli, the name of the goddess of maguey; the name of the city-state was transliterated to Spanish as México with the phonetic value of the letter x in Medieval Spanish, which represented the voiceless postalveolar fricative. This sound, as well as the voiced postalveolar fricative, represented by a j, evolved into a voiceless velar fricative during the 16th century; this led to the use of the variant Méjico in many publications in Spanish, most notably in Spain, whereas in Mexico and most other Spanish–speaking countries, México was the preferred spelling. In recent years, the Real Academia Española, which regulates the Spanish l
Antônio de Carvalho Barbosa, best known by the artistic name Tony Ramos, is a Brazilian actor. Ramos has played leading roles in major telenovela productions for more than four decades. Many of his most famous roles share the characteristics of morality. Many of Ramos' more recent starring roles in novelas have cast him playing non-Brazilians, including the Greek Nikos, the American Percival Farquhar, the Indian Opash, the Italian Antonio Mattoli. Ramos is fluent in English and Spanish, has some knowledge of Italian. Ramos' acting process does not involve internalizing the character's emotions. Tony Ramos was born in the son of Maria Antonia Barbosa, a teacher, he spent his youth in the country side of the Brazilian state São Paulo. Since he was a child, he expressed interest in acting and theater, drawing inspiration from Oscarito's films. In São Paulo, he made amateur theater while participating in the Teatro Cultura de São Paulo, where he staged plays for children, he holds a degree in Philosophy from the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo.
Tony Ramos is one of the most important actors in Brazil known for his work in telenovelas. His use of an Anglicized first name was common at the time he began his acting career, the name Ramos is the last name of a relative. Ramos was born in the country side of Paraná and spent his youth in Ourinhos in the country side of the state of São Paulo; as a boy, he dreamed of being an actor. When young Ramos watched the films of Oscarito, he wanted to be like him. While living in São Paulo, he performed in amateur theater with the Teatro Cultura Artística de São Paulo. At 16 years old, he was part of the musical team “Tony e Tom & Jerry” that made an appearance on the TV show Jovem Guarda. In 1964, he made his debut as an actor on television, appearing in skits on the program Novos em Foco, on the channel TV Tupi; the show served as a testing ground for rising young actors, after signing with TV Tupi, he participated in TV de Vanguarda, TV de Comédia and Grande Teatro Tupi. In 1965, Ramos appeared in his first novela, A Outra..
While at TV Tupi, he appeared in various other productions, among them: Antônio Maria the novela that gave his career a major boost. In 1977, Ramos moved at the same time moving to Rio de Janeiro. At Rede Globo, he consolidated his success, his first performance for the network was in the novela Espelho Mágico. In the same year, he shared duties as host of the musical program Globo de Ouro with the actress Christiane Torloni. By the end of the year he was starring in the novela O Astro, in which he took his first lead role at Rede Globo. During the novela, Ramos appeared in the first male nude scene in Brazilian novelas, despite the censorship of the military dictatorship in power at the time. In 1979, he starred in the novela Pai Herói. Afterwards, he joined the cast of the novela Chega Mais in the role of the grifter Tom, who despite the dubious nature of the character was the protagonist of the novela, beside Gelly, played by Sônia Braga. In 1981, he acted for the first time in a novela written by Manoel Carlos, playing the twins João Victor and Quinzinho in the novela Baila Comigo.
His performance, in which he distinguished the two characters without resort to makeup, using techniques of voice and posture to define the characters, was acclaimed by the critics. He co-starred in the novela Sol de Verão, in a sensitive portrayal of the deaf-mute Abel. In the novela Champagne, he played the son of a humble waiter, who had to fight to prove his father innocent of a false accusation of murder, he began a sequence of lead roles in novelas, among them the mysterious Pardel in the novela Livre para Voar, the hitman Riobaldo in the historical novela Grande Sertão: Veredas, the ambitious Cristiano in the remake of Selva de Pedra, the muddled taxidriver Tonico in Bebê a Bordo, the engineer Jorge in the miniseries O Primo Basílio, the bankrupt millionaire Edu in Rainha da Sucata, the biologist João in the miniseries O Sorriso do Lagarto, the lawyer Álvaro in Felicidade. In 1993, he hosted some episodes of Você Decide while participating in the novela Olho no Olho, in the role of Father Guido, who leaves the priesthood to fight a crime syndicate.
In 1994,he participated in the pilot of the series A Comédia da Vida Privada. In 1995, he starred in the novela A Próxima Vítima; the next year he returned to host Você Decide, in addition to joining the regular cast of the series A Vida Como Ela É and starred in the novela Anjo de Mim. In 1998, he was featured as one of the principal characters of the novela Torre de Babel as the ex-con Clementino, who begins the novela in prison for havin
José Dumont is a Brazilian TV and movie actor, best known for his role as the family father in Behind the Sun, an award-winning film of director Walter Salles. More he has been lionised for his role as the slick artist agent-entrepreneur in the movie 2 Filhos de Francisco. Born in the state of Paraíba, in Brazilian Northeast, Dumont has the typical physique du rôle of its inhabitants, because of this is chosen for interpreting them, he began his award-studded acting career in the theater and cinema, in 1975. He became better known throughout the country by his noted participation in the films Lúcio Flávio – Passageiro da Agonia, directed by Hector Babenco in 1977, Gaijin, directed by Tizuka Yamasaki, in 1980, his first awards came in 1979, as the best actor in the film festivals of Gramado and Brasília, in O Homem que Virou Suco, directed by João Batista de Andrade, in the film festival of Cuba. In 2004 he was again awarded as best actor in Narradores de Javé. Dumont is very much sought after as an actor in TV series and soap operas.
He is in the permanent cast of Rede Globo. His most noted appearances were in América, Terra Nostra, Tocaia Grande, Guerra Sem Fim, Amazônia, A História de Ana Raio e Zé Trovão, Grande Sertão: Veredas, Corpo a Corpo, Padre Cícero, Fernando da Gata, Bandidos da Falange and Lampião e Maria Bonita, this last being his first TV appearance, with a role as lieutenant Zé Rufino in the story about the bandit Lampião. Tungstênio – Seu Nery Era o Hotel Cambridge – Apolo Trash – A Esperança vem do Lixo – Carlos A Hora e a Vez de Augusto Matraga – Padre Zequiel O Sonho de Inacim – Miguel 2 Filhos de Francisco Cidade Baixa – Lower City Olga Narradores de Javé – The Storytellers Abril Despedaçado – Behind the Sun At Play in the Fields of the Lord Running Out of Luck A Hora da Estrela – Hour of the Star Avaete, Seed of Revenge Os Trapalhões e o Mágico de Oróz – The Tramps and the Wizard of Oróz Memórias do Cárcere – Memoirs of Prison O Homem que Virou Suco Gaijin - Os Caminhos da Liberdade – Gaijin, a Brazilian Odissey Colonel Delmiro Gouveia Lúcio Flávio, o Passageiro da Agonia Morte e Vida Severina 2016 Velho Chico – Zé Pirangueiro 2015 I Love Paraisópolis – Seu Expedito Rufinno 2014 Milagres de Jesus – Job 2013 Dona Xepa – Esmeraldino Losano 2012 O Milagre dos Pássaros – Capitão Lindolfo Ezequiel 2012 Fora de Controle – Macieiro 2010 Ribeirão do Tempo – Romeu Fulgêncio 2008 Os Mutantes - Caminhos do Coração – Teófilo Magalhães 2007 Caminhos do Coração – Teófilo Magalhães 2007 Luz do Sol – Fausto 2006 Cidadão Brasileiro – Benvindo Ferraz 2005 América – Bóia 1999 Terra Nostra – Batista 1997 Mandacaru – Teco 1995 Tocaia Grande – Né Cachorrão 1993 Guerra sem Fim – Penteado 1991 Amazônia – Raimundo 1990 A História de Ana Raio e Zé Trovão – Mané Coxo 1990 Rosa dos Rumos – Antenor 1990 Pantanal – Gil 1988 Olho por Olho – Eurípedes Peçanha 1987 Carmem – Aluísio 1985 Grande sertão: veredas – Zé Bebelo 1985 De Quina pra Lua – Cróvis/Peixoto 1984 Corpo a Corpo – Darci 1984 Padre Cícero – Franco Rabelo 1983 Fernando da Gata – Fernando da Gata 1983 Bandidos da Falange – Valdir 1982 Lampião e Maria Bonita – Tenente Zé Rufino 1981 Morte e Vida Severina – Severino Candango Trophy, from Brasilia Festival 1998:'Best Actor", for"Kenoma" 1985:'Best Actor", for"Starring Hour" 1980:'Best Actor", for"The Man Who Turned Juice"Kikito de Ouro, of the Gramado Festival 1984:'Best Actor", for"The Ghostly Bahian" 1981:'Best Actor", for"The Man Who Turned Juice" 1980:'Best actor", for"Gaijin – the paths of freedom"Havana Festival 1980:'Best Actor", for"The Phantom Bahian"Brazilian Film Festival of Miami 1999:'Best Actor", for"Kenoma"APCA Trophy 1999:'Best Actor", for"Kenoma" José Dumont on IMDb José Dumont.
Biography. CAFRI Cinema site
Antônio Abujamra was a Brazilian theatre and television director and actor. Majored in journalism and philosophy at the Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul in 1957, he started a career as a theater critic while directed and acted his own plays for university theater. Professionally, he debuted as a theatre director in 1961, as an actor in 1987, acting in both theatre and television. In 1989, he became known nationally by his role as Ravengar in Rede Globo's telenovela Que Rei Sou Eu?, which became his most known role. In that same year, Abujamra won the Best Actor Award at the Gramado Film Festival for his role in the film Festa. From 2000 onward, he was the presenter of TV Cultura's interview program Provocações. Carlota Joaquina, Princess of Brazil Terra Nostra Villa-Lobos: A Life of Passion Começar de Novo Poder Paralelo Assalto ao Banco Central Brichos – A Floresta é Nossa Corações Feridos Antônio Abujamra on IMDb
José Wilker de Almeida was a Brazilian film and television actor and director. The actor gained fame in telenovelas like "Roque Santeiro", but became known internationally for his role as Vadinho, the husband who returns from the dead to tempt Sonia Braga in the movie "Dona Flor and Her Two Husbands". Wilker was born on 20 August 1944, he started his career as a radio announcer at a radio in Ceará. He worked in the theater as a member of Movimento de Cultura Popular; the group brought culture and lessons in reading and politics. MPC was banned during the military repression in the 1960s, Wilker moved to Rio de Janeiro, he began working in cinema in Rio, at the forefront of Brazilian experimental and national cinema. He was 19 when he appeared in 1965, starring Fernanda Montenegro. In Rio, Wilker got involved with the Teatro Ipanema theater group, headed by Rubens Corrêa and Ivan de Albuquerque. At Teatro Ipanema he rose to underground fame with his role in Fernando Arrabal's O Arquiteto e o Imperador da Assíria, starred in his own A China é Azul.
He worked in television soap operas for decades. He debuted in 1971 on the popular show Bandeira 2 written by Dias Gomes and televised on the Rede Globo network. Wilker gained acclaim for his role as the protagonist in the soap opera Roque Santeiro, starring with Regina Duarte and Lima Duarte. Between 1997 and 2002, he directed many episodes of Sai Down. In 1979, he was cast in 1986 in The Man in the Black Cape. Among his most memorable roles in movies was Tiradentes in the film The Conspirators of 1972, Vadinho – which broke box office records in theaters – in Dona Flor and Her Two Husbands in 1976, as the politician Tenorio Cavalcanti in The Man in Black Cover of 1986 and Anthony Advisor of War Canudos of 1997. In miniseries JK, he played an older Juscelino Kubitschek during his time as President of the Republic. In 1992 he worked in Medicine Man along with Lorraine Bracco. José Wilker died on 5 April 2014 of a heart attack in Rio de Janeiro, aged 69. José Wilker on IMDb
Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro, or Rio, is anchor to the Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area and the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas. Rio de Janeiro is the capital of the state of Brazil's third-most populous state. Part of the city has been designated as a World Heritage Site, named "Rio de Janeiro: Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the Sea", by UNESCO on 1 July 2012 as a Cultural Landscape. Founded in 1565 by the Portuguese, the city was the seat of the Captaincy of Rio de Janeiro, a domain of the Portuguese Empire. In 1763, it became the capital of the State of Brazil, a state of the Portuguese Empire. In 1808, when the Portuguese Royal Court transferred itself from Portugal to Brazil, Rio de Janeiro became the chosen seat of the court of Queen Maria I of Portugal, who subsequently, in 1815, under the leadership of her son, the Prince Regent, future King João VI of Portugal, raised Brazil to the dignity of a kingdom, within the United Kingdom of Portugal and Algarves.
Rio stayed the capital of the pluricontinental Lusitanian monarchy until 1822, when the War of Brazilian Independence began. This is one of the few instances in history that the capital of a colonising country shifted to a city in one of its colonies. Rio de Janeiro subsequently served as the capital of the independent monarchy, the Empire of Brazil, until 1889, the capital of a republican Brazil until 1960 when the capital was transferred to Brasília. Rio de Janeiro has the second largest municipal GDP in the country, 30th largest in the world in 2008, estimated at about R$343 billion, it is headquarters to Brazilian oil and telecommunications companies, including two of the country's major corporations – Petrobras and Vale – and Latin America's largest telemedia conglomerate, Grupo Globo. The home of many universities and institutes, it is the second-largest center of research and development in Brazil, accounting for 17% of national scientific output according to 2005 data. Despite the high perception of crime, the city has a lower incidence of crime than Northeast Brazil, but it is far more criminalized than the south region of Brazil, considered the safest in the country.
Rio de Janeiro is one of the most visited cities in the Southern Hemisphere and is known for its natural settings, samba, bossa nova, balneario beaches such as Barra da Tijuca, Copacabana and Leblon. In addition to the beaches, some of the most famous landmarks include the giant statue of Christ the Redeemer atop Corcovado mountain, named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. Rio de Janeiro was the host of the 2016 Summer Olympics and the 2016 Summer Paralympics, making the city the first South American and Portuguese-speaking city to host the events, the third time the Olympics were held in a Southern Hemisphere city; the Maracanã Stadium held the finals of the 1950 and 2014 FIFA World Cups, the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup, the XV Pan American Games. Europeans first encountered Guanabara Bay on 1 January 1502, by a Portuguese expedition under explorer Gaspar de Lemos, captain of a ship in Pedro Álvares Cabral's fleet, or under Gonçalo Coelho; the Florentine explorer Amerigo Vespucci participated as observer at the invitation of King Manuel I in the same expedition.
The region of Rio was inhabited by the Tupi, Puri and Maxakalí peoples. In 1555, one of the islands of Guanabara Bay, now called Villegagnon Island, was occupied by 500 French colonists under the French admiral Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon. Villegagnon built Fort Coligny on the island when attempting to establish the France Antarctique colony; the city of Rio de Janeiro proper was founded by the Portuguese on 1 March 1565 and was named São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro, in honour of St. Sebastian, the saint, the namesake and patron of the Portuguese then-monarch Sebastião. Rio de Janeiro was the name of Guanabara Bay; until early in the 18th century, the city was threatened or invaded by several French pirates and buccaneers, such as Jean-François Duclerc and René Duguay-Trouin. In the late 17th century, still during the Sugar Era, the Bandeirantes discovered gold and diamonds in the neighbouring captaincy of Minas Gerais, thus Rio de Janeiro became a much more practical port for exporting wealth than Salvador, much farther northeast.
On 27 January 1763, the colonial administration in Portuguese America was moved from Salvador to Rio de Janeiro. The city remained a colonial capital until 1808, when the Portuguese royal family and most of the associated Lisbon nobles, fleeing from Napoleon's invasion of Portugal, moved to Rio de Janeiro; the kingdom's capital was transferred to the city, thus, became the only European capital outside of Europe. As there was no physical space or urban structure to accommodate hundreds of noblemen who arrived many inhabitants were evicted from their homes. In the first decades, several educational establishments were created, such as the Military Academy, the Royal School of Sciences and Crafts and the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts, as well as the National Library of Brazil – with the largest collection in Latin America – and The Botanical Garden; the first printed newspaper in Brazil, the Gazeta do Rio de Janeiro, came into circulation during this period. When Brazil was elevated to Kingdom in 1815, it