The chief financial officer is the officer of a company that has primary responsibility for managing the company's finances, including financial planning, management of financial risks, record-keeping, financial reporting. In some sectors, the CFO is responsible for analysis of data; some CFOs have the title CFOO for chief operating officer. In the United Kingdom, the typical term for a CFO is finance director; the CFO reports to the chief executive officer and the board of directors and may additionally have a seat on the board. The CFO is the chief financial spokesperson for the organization; the CFO directly assists the chief operating officer on all strategic and tactical matters relating to budget management, cost–benefit analysis, forecasting needs, securing of new funding. Most CFOs of large companies have finance qualifications such as a Master of Business Administration, Master of Science, CFA or come from an accounting background such as a Certified Public Accountant. A finance department consists of qualified accountants such as Certified Public Accountant, Chartered Accountant, Certified Management Accountant, Chartered Certified Accountant.
The federal government of the United States has incorporated more elements of business-sector practices in its management approaches, including the use of the CFO position alongside, for example, an increased use of the chief information officer post, within public agencies. The Chief Financial Officers Act, enacted in 1990, created a chief financial officer in each of 23 federal agencies; this was intended to improve the government's financial management and develop standards of financial performance and disclosure. The Office of Management and Budget holds primary responsibility for financial management standardization and improvement. Within OMB, the Deputy Director for Management, a position established by the CFO Act, is the chief official responsible for financial management; the Office of Federal Financial Management is charged with overseeing financial management matters, establishing financial management policies and requirements, monitoring the establishment and operation of federal financial management systems.
OFFM is led by a controller. The CFO Act established the CFO Council, chair by the OMB Deputy Director for Management and including the CFOs and Deputy CFOs of 23 federal agencies, the OFFM controller, the Fiscal Assistant Secretary, the head of the Office of Fiscal Service of the Department of the Treasury, its mandate is to work collaboratively to improve financial management in the U. S. government and "advise and coordinate the activities of the agencies of its members" in the areas of financial management and accountability. OMB Circular A-123 defines the management responsibilities for internal financial controls in federal agencies and addressed to all federal CFOs, CIOs and Program Managers; the circular is a re-examination of the existing internal control requirements for federal agencies and was initiated in light of the new internal control requirements for publicly traded companies contained in the Sarbanes–Oxley Act of 2002. While significant progress in improving federal financial management has been made since the federal government began preparing consolidated financial statements, the Government Accountability Office reported that "major impediments continue to prevent from rendering an opinion."
In December 2006, the GAO announced that for the 10th consecutive year, the GAO was prevented from expressing an opinion on the consolidated financial statements of the government due to a number of material weaknesses related to financial systems, fundamental recordkeeping, financial reporting. At the same time, in calendar year 2007, the CFOC announced that for the second consecutive year, every major federal agency completed its Performance and Accountability Report just 25 days after the end of the fiscal year. In recent years, the role of the CFO has evolved significantly. Traditionally being viewed as a financial gatekeeper, the role of the CFO has expanded and evolved to an advisor and a strategic partner to the CEO. In fact, in a report released by McKinsey, 88 percent of 164 CFOs surveyed reported that CEOs expect them to be more active participants in shaping the strategy of their organizations. Half of them indicated that CEOs counted on them to challenge the company's strategy. However, a 2016 survey of CFOs suggests that their new role has been overhyped with 52% of CFOs still finding themselves bogged down in the basics of traditional accounting practices such as transaction reporting and unable to make time for business partnering.
The rise of digital technologies and a focus on data analytics to support decision making impacting every industry and organisation will only add more pressure on CFOs to address this tension on finding the time to meet the expectations of their C-Suite colleagues. Many organisations have embarked on the journey to help achieve this by creating a finance function based on four distinct pillars - An Accounting organisation structured as a shared service, an FP&A organisation responsible for driving financial planning processes as well as driving increased insight into financial and non financial KPIs that drive business performance, a Finance Business Partnering organisation that supports the leadership of divisions, functions to drive performance improvement and, last but not least, expertise centres around the areas of Tax, Internal Audit, M&A etc. According to one source, "The CFO of tomorrow should be a big-picture thinker, rather than detail-oriented, outspoken rather than reserved, prefer to delegate rather tha
Thallis Theodoridis was a Greek revolutionary leader during the Greek War of Independence. He was born in Pyrgos and is the descendant of the rich Theodoridis family which descended from Divri, he was the secretary and aide of the Sissinaians and fought with his own army in Attica and the battle of Riolos. After the revolution, he was the stockkeeper of Pyrgos, but was accused several times for embezzlement, he died in 1850. His grandson was Vasileios Theodoridis; the first version of the article is translated and is based on the article at the Greek Wikipedia Vyronas Davos, Ston Pyrgo kai stin Ilia tou 1821-1930, Athens 1996 Kostas Triantafyllou, Istoriko lexiko ton Patron Patras 1995 Domi Encyclopedia
The Learning Tree is a 1969 American drama film written and directed by Gordon Parks, a celebrated photographer. It depicts the life of Newt Winger, a teenager growing up in Cherokee Flats, Kansas, in the 1920s, chronicles his journey into manhood, marked by tragic events; the Learning Tree is based on Parks' semi-autobiographical novel of the same name, published in 1963. Newt Winger, Marcus Savage, several of their friends steal apples from Jake Kiner's orchard, when Kiner confronts the boys, he is beaten and left for dead by Marcus, sent to jail for his actions. While Marcus is in jail, Newt begins to work for Kiner to make up for his actions and those of his friends, begins a relationship with the new girl in town Arcella Jefferson, but his relationship with her is destroyed when Chauncey Cavanaugh, a white man and son of the local judge and impregnates Arcella, who moves away out of shame. Another scene shows Newt forced into a brutal boxing match at the County fair. One day when Newt is eating his lunch in the loft of Kiner's barn, he witnesses the brutal attack and murder of Kiner by Booker Savage, Marcus' father.
Newt keeps quiet about what he has seen, but appears to be bothered that Silas Newhall, at the scene of the crime for another reason, is being accused for a murder he did not commit. Encouraged by his mother Sarah, Newt reveals to Judge Cavanaugh that Booker committed the murder, testifies in court, but rather than doing the good he intended it to do, Newt's testimony leads to the suicide of Booker and being killed by Marcus. Through all this, the film is able to capture "an adolescent boy's initiation in sex, death and injustice, because he is black, a fair measure of racial hatred" in "a profoundly nostalgic way", according to New York Times movie reviewer, Roger Greenspun. Kyle Johnson as Newt Winger Alex Clarke as Marcus Savage Estelle Evans as Sarah Winger Mira Waters as Arcella Jefferson George Mitchell as Jake Kiner Richard Ward as Booker Savage Malcolm Attenbury as Silas Newhall Russell Thorson as Judge Cavanaugh Zooey Hall as Chauncey Cavanaugh Dana Elcar as Sheriff Kirky Felix Nelson as Jack Winger Joel Fluellen as Uncle Rob The film The Learning Tree is based on Gordon Parks' 1963 semi-autobiographical novel of the same name.
Parks wrote the screenplay, as a result, the script for the movie did not deviate much from the book, except for fewer characters for the sake of time. In addition to being the screenwriter, he was the director and music composer. Assisting him with directing were Jack Aldworth and Fred Giles. Working with Parks was James Lydon as associate producer and Burnett Guffey as cinematographer; these men tried to include as many black technicians as possible for the film. Parks chose Kyle Johnson to play the character of Newt, after a brief meeting with him in a Beverly Hills hotel. However, during the meeting, he gave no inclination that he wanted to cast Johnson, but Johnson kept getting called in from screen tests. After the fourth screen test, he found out that he had been hired and the screen tests were meant to gauge the abilities of the other actors, not him. Not Johnson characterized the audition process as "not normal". According to Turner Classic Movies, the original name of the film was Learn, Learn before it was changed to its current name.
The current title appears to be taken from a line in the film, one that Sarah Winger tells her son Newt: "Let Cherokee Flats be your learning tree." In context, the title of the film appears to signify that no matter where Newt lives in life, the lessons he learned in Cherokee Flats would guide his actions. The Learning Tree was shot on location in Fort Scott, Kansas in the fall of 1968, the production process was scheduled to take three months. Fort Scott had been where Parks grew up, it was the basis for the fictional town of Cherokee Flats. Kyle Johnson remembers; as a result, the circus scene in the film features an actual circus rather than a staged one. Moreover, the circus scene included citizens of Fort Scott, who were there for the circus in town anyway. Additionally, Johnson recalls that his “most enjoyable work as an actor” was done under Gordon Parks. Johnson says, “I enjoyed The Learning Tree. You do your part and you recognize its importance and relationship to all the other parts, crew, director and so forth.”Parks is remembered for following his instincts while filming, for encouraging the actors to follow their own instincts while acting.
This ease while filming contributed to the fact that scenes were shot in few takes. During the film production, “suits” from Warner Bros. visited the set. Since Parks was an African American director, Warner sent representatives over to check up on Parks and to make sure that production was running smoothly. In 1879, many African Africans migrated to Kansas and they became known as the "Exodusters". Among those who traveled were the ancestors of Gordon Parks, his father, Andrew Jackson Parks, was a tenant farmer in Kansas. Given that Gordon Parks was born in Fort Scott, Kansas in 1912, he was the "issue of the second generation of exodusters", his ancestral background played a role in choosing Fort Scott as the filming location for The Learning Tree. The Exodusters earned their name after nearly 6,000 African Americans migrated to Kansas after the Emancipation, their exodus was prompted by the 1879 Windom Resolution that encouraged African Americans to leave the southern states where they were still met with much hatred though th
"Keep the Car Running" is a song by Canadian indie rock band Arcade Fire. It is the second single released from the band's second album, Neon Bible in the UK; this song was #22 on Rolling Stone's list of the 100 Best Songs of 2007. In October 2011, NME placed it at number 61 on its list "150 Best Tracks of the Past 15 Years"; the single was released on 19 March 2007, on 7" vinyl with the B-side, "Broken Window", in the UK under Rough Trade Records. It peaked on the UK Singles Chart at number 56; the single was released in the US on 8 May 2007, under Merge Records. It is alternatively titled "Keep the Car Running/Broken Window", it peaked at number 32 on the Billboard Hot Modern Rock Tracks chart. The band performed the song during their 24 February 2007 appearance on Saturday Night Live. "Keep the Car Running" – 3:28 "Broken Window" – 6:27 Win Butler – vocals, mandolin Régine Chassagne – vocals, hurdy-gurdy Richard Reed Parry – electric guitar, background vocals Tim Kingsbury – bass guitar, background vocals Will Butler – keyboards, background vocals Jeremy Gara – drums Sara Neufeld – violin, background vocals Owen Pallett – violin Marika Anthony Shaw – viola Melanie Auclair – cello The song was covered by the Foo Fighters on 17 August and 18 November 2007 during their European Echoes, Patience & Grace Tour at The O2 in London.
The band played it once during a set for Jo Whiley's Live Lounge and during a concert for BBC Radio 1's Six Weeks of Summer concert event in Brighton. Dave Grohl announced to the audience that he had played the song earlier in the day but was unhappy with it as he felt he did not perform it well enough, so he felt it was his duty to retry it, he said during the first recording. The song can be found on The Foo Fighters' "Let It Die" single, it was performed live by Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band, joined by Win Butler and Régine Chassagne of Arcade Fire, on October 14, 2007 in Ottawa. The Williamsburg Salsa Orchestra released a Latin-flavored cover; the song was covered by Fiction Family during their 2009 tour
This is a complete list in alphabetical order of cricketers who played first-class cricket matches for Manchester Cricket Club. Depending on the status of their opponents, the side has been retrospectively classified as a first-class team between 1844 and 1858; the details are the player's usual name followed by the years in which he was active in first-class matches as a Manchester player. Many players represented other teams besides Manchester, including Lancashire XIs, several played for Lancashire County Cricket Club after it was formed in 1865. John Adamthwaite William Armitstead Aspinall Samuel Baldwinson Robert Barlow Richard Bellhouse Thomas Bellhouse Lea Birch Scholes Birch Joseph Birley Thomas Blain David Bleakley C. Bradshaw Henry Brandt Stephen Braybrooke John Buttery William Caffyn James Clegg George Cooke Henry Cooke Samuel Dakin Thomas Davis Alfred Diver John Earl senior John Henry Earl Charles Elmhirst W. Galloway Arthur Girling R. Hampson Thomas Heighes Tom Hunt William Kington John Lillywhite William Mackworth Joseph Makinson James Marchanton Edward Martin J. Martin T. McConnell Pierrepont Mundy Elgar Pagden John Payne Frederico Perera Henry Pickford J. E. Price Charles Rogers Alexander Rowley James Rowley Shepherd John Sherman Thomas Smelt S. Taylor Frederick Thackeray Edward Whitlow John Whittington John Wisden J. Womack Edward Wright Henry Wright
Graziano Bini is a retired Italian professional footballer and manager, who played as a defender. He spent the majority of his club career with Italian side Inter, where he won a Serie A title and two Coppa Italia titles. After spending his youth career with Cremonese and Inter, Bini went on to represent the Inter senior team for fourteen seasons during his club career, he joined the first team during the 1971–72 season, making his debut on 7 May 1972, in a 0–0 away draw against Sampdoria. During his time in Milan, he made 343 appearances. After struggling with injuries and competing with Riccardo Ferri for a place in the starting line-up during his final season with the club, Bini joined Genoa, where he remained until his retirement in 1988, spending the last two seasons of his career in Serie B. Due to much competition from Facchetti and subsequently Scirea in his position, at international level, Bini only made a single appearance for Italy, which came in a 4–1 unofficial friendly home win against Norway, on 10 February 1975.
Following his retirement, Bini worked as a scout. A tall, physically strong and elegant sweeper, Bini was known for his confidence on the ball, his leadership, his goalscoring as a defender, due to his ability in the air, although he was injury prone, he was capable of playing as a man-marking centre-back, or stopper. InterSerie A champion: 1979–80. Coppa Italia winner: 1977–78, 1981–82