Essex Police is a territorial police force responsible for policing the county of Essex, in the east of England, consisting of over 1.7 million people and around 1,400 square miles. It is one of the largest non-metropolitan police forces in the United Kingdom, employing over 2,900 police officers; the Chief Constable is Ben-Julian Harrington, who took up the appointment in October 2018. Assistant Chief Constable for Media Relations Steve Worron is simultaneously ACC for Area Operations for Kent Police due to the two forces forming a joint Serious Crime Directorate; as of 2017, Assistant Chief Constable Nick Downing became the head of the Serious Crime Directorate for Kent and Essex Police. In November 2012, the first Essex Police and Crime Commissioner election took place, in which Conservative candidate Nick Alston achieved 30.5% of the first round votes, 51.5% of the second round votes against Independent candidate Mick Thwaites. Alston set his 4 priorities in his election statement as 1) policing that meets local needs, 2) policing, prompt and professional, 3) effective cooperation and partnership between Police and the Voluntary Sector, 4) to be an influential voice in leading public engagement about crime reduction and policing, to listen to and speak for the victims of crime.
Nick Alston was elected with a 12.8% turnout. Essex police were featured in 3 of Channel 5's Police Interceptors. Essex Constabulary was formed in 1840. In 1965, the force had an establishment of 1,862 officers. Southend-on-Sea Borough Police was established by the county borough of Southend-on-Sea, England, in 1914. In 1969 Southend-on-Sea Borough Police amalgamated with Essex Constabulary to become the Essex and Southend-on-Sea Joint Constabulary; this merger was campaigned against by the local MPs. Colchester at one time had its own police force; the title was shortened to Essex Police in 1974. In April 2000, it took over parts of the county in the south-west in the Metropolitan Police Area. Epping Forest Keepers act as Epping Forest constables in the Forest parishes in the south-west of the Essex Police area. Essex Police is one of the United Kingdom's largest non-metropolitan police forces with a strength of over 2,900 police officers, its headquarters, the Force Control Room and Essex Police College, are all located in Chelmsford.
Strategically, Essex is an important force. Bordering London, the force area consists of affluent city suburbs, large urban areas, industrial centres, rural villages, London Stansted Airport and two of the UK's major ports; the force polices one of the largest expanses of coastline of any force in the UK. The police area covers 1,400 square miles and has a population of around 1,700,000; the Chief Constable is Ben-Julian Harrington who replaced Stephen Kavanagh after he retired in October 2018. The force has been a regular innovator and is used by the Home Office to trial new procedures and equipment, including automatic number plate recognition and the X26 Taser. Essex Police was the subject of the television series Police Interceptors, which followed the work of the specialist Mobile Support Division's ANPR intercept unit that utilise high-performance pursuit vehicles, including the Mitsubishi Evo X and Subaru Impreza, to pursue and intercept mobile criminals. In late 2016, Essex Police was the subject of a television series The Force: Essex, which followed the duties and responsibilities of Essex Police in the modern day, covering the front-line aspect of the police officers on duty, across Essex.
A number of specialist teams within Essex were grouped into the Mobile Support Division. In 2012 Essex Police moved away from the divisional structure to a patrol based structure and the former components of the Mobile Support Division were moved to new command structures. Roads Policing and Dog Section became part of the Patrol function. Crime Division works across the territorial divisions of Essex and with forces nationwide, providing resources and expertise; as a division within Essex Police, it deals with the specialist aspects of crime investigation, tending to focus on serious crime, but not and provides support to territorial divisions' efforts in investigating crime. Crime Division has a command team structure of a divisional commander, supported by a director of intelligence, lead senior investigating officer, support manager and divisional administrative manager, based at the Chelmsford headquarters; this team is supported by section heads. The work of the various departments of Crime Division are both reactive.
The way in which major crimes are investigated has changed over time. 30 years ago, the head of Crime Division would have carried out every part of the investigation in a murder case himself, including interviewing key witnesses. However, this has now been transformed with the advent of computerised Major Investigation Rooms and concerns over handling complex, high-profile enquiries like the Stephen Lawrence case. In April 2000, the Major Investigation Team was set up to investigate homicides, abductions and extortion; each major investigation has a senior investigation officer, like the conductor of an orchestra, overseeing all the different parts of the investigations. The SIO works with a MIT and they are supported by the resources of Major Investigation Centralised Administrative Support. There are four MIT offices, at Harlow, Brentwood and Rayleigh; the sc
Essex County Fire and Rescue Service
Essex County Fire and Rescue Service is the statutory fire and rescue service for the county of Essex in the east of England, is one of the largest fire services in the country, covering an area of 1,338 square miles and a population of over 1.7 million people. In 2015, the service attended around 14,000 emergency incidents within the year fires and road traffic collisions. Additionally, lift releases, effecting entry into buildings, flooding incidents and animal rescues are incidents dealt with by ECFRS. However, around 40 percent of these incidents are false require no further action. Between 2004 and 2014 the number of incidents attended by ECFRS decreased by around 50 percent, with around 38 calls per day, compared to around 77 calls per day in 2004. ECFRS employs 1,448 staff: 620 full-time firefighters, 519 retained firefighters, 33 control personnel and 240 support staff. There are 50 fire stations in Essex, 12 of which are wholetime and located in the more densely populated areas. ECFRS have 74 frontline fire appliances, with between 55 and 70 available for mobilisation at any moment.
Major risks covered include Stansted and Southend airport, Harwich seaport, Lakeside shopping centre, Coryton oil refinery, power stations and docks at Tilbury and part of the M25 and M11 motorways, A127 and A12 road. As well as attending fires, traffic collisions and other rescue operations, ECFRS provides emergency response to hazardous materials incidents and has an Urban Search and Rescue team of officers with specialist training and equipment to conduct rescues from collapsed buildings and enclosed spaces; the Urban Search and Rescue team have their own fire station separate from others across the county, ECFRS being the first to do this in the country. One of their resources include a search dog trained to locate people trapped in rubble. Another primary role of the service is preventative community safety work. ECFRS's headquarters is located in Kelvedon; the Service is divided into four Groups: North East Group North West Group South East Group South West GroupThe Chief Fire Officer/Chief Executive is Jo Turton.
On the 1st October 2017, governance of ECFRS was transferred from the Essex Fire Authority to the Police and Crime Commissioner, Roger Hirst. It was made clear, that both Essex Police and ECFRS would retain their Chief Officers, however the new PFCC would have overlying governance over the two, the Chief Officers would answer to the PFCC. Essex were the first to do this in the country; the Emergency Operational Fire Control is situated in the headquarters at Kelvedon. 33 control staff handle over 14,000 999 emergency calls. The control staff carry out incident co-ordination, appliance mobilisation and movements to ensure strategic fire cover. Radio communications are made between incidents and Fire Control, control staff liaise with other emergency services to provide additional resources when requested by firefighting personnel. Emergency calls are handled on an average of 54 seconds from the time of answering the call, to the time of dispatching the fire crew. There are five firefighter training centres, located in Basildon, Orsett and Wethersfield.
Each of these centres specialise in different forms of training firefighters must become accustomed to, in order to be operationally prepared. The Service workshop is in Lexden, where the operational fleet of frontline fire appliances and specialist appliances are maintained, the reserve fleet of spare appliances are stored. In 2016, the Service started a co-responding scheme with the East of England Ambulance Service, whereby fire crews would respond to life-threatening cardiac emergencies, alongside ambulances, in a way to ease pressure off the ambulance service, grant better survival for patients. Fire Stations that partook in the scheme were: Basildon, Ongar, Newport and Colchester; however in 2017, the co-responding scheme ceased due to disputes between the Service. Regardless, the Service still have close relations with the ambulance service, on a daily basis, fire crews work with partners like paramedics and police officers efficiently. ECFRS has the following fire appliances in operation: 43 Rescue Pumps: the standard firefighting vehicle mobilised to all emergency calls.
These appliances are equipped with a high-pressure two-stage main pump capable of making foam via an onboard foam inductor system, two high-pressure hose reels, 13.5 metre ladder, a light portable pump, six breathing apparatus sets, two spare breathing air cylinders and hydraulic rescue equipment, thermal imaging cameras and other tools. These appliances ride with a Watch Manager in charge, along with another 3 - 5 firefighters on board. 20 Water Tenders: similar to the Rescue Pump except with less emphasis on rescue equipment and a greater water capacity. These appliances will have a smaller 10.5 metre ladder but similar equipment to the Rescue Pump. The Water Tender is mobilised to support the Rescue Pump or respond to incidents that require only one pump; these appliances ride with a Crew Manager in charge, along with another 3 - 5 firefighters on board. 8 Heavy Rescue Pumps: similar to the standard Rescue Pump but specialised more towards heavy rescue operations and incidents. These appliances ride with a Watch Manager in charge, along with another 3 - 5 Firefighters on board.
4 Aerial Ladder Platforms: 32 meter extendable ladder platform with a rescue cage and additional lighting, these vehicles provide high-level access and firefighting capability, with a verti
Danbury is a village in the City of Chelmsford, in the county of Essex, England. It is located 33.5 miles northeast of Charing Cross and has a population of 6,500. It is situated on a hill 367 feet above sea level; the City of Danbury, Connecticut in the United States is named after the village. The village was built on the site of a Neolithic or early Iron Age hill fort noted for its oval shape, sometimes confused with the Megalithic enclosure at Danebury in Hampshire. According to the official parish publication, Danbury Parish Plan 2003, first Iron Age settlers the Romans and the Dæningas tribe of Saxons occupied the Danbury area; the place-name'Danbury' is first attested as Danengeberia in the Domesday Book of 1086. The name means'the burgh or fort of Dene's people'; the same name is the origin of Dengie in Essex. After the Norman Conquest, King William took the lands and settlement and granted it to Geoffrey de Mandeville, made Earl of Essex. In medieval times Danbury developed from St Cleres/Herons and Runsell.
Traces of both still exist. There was a small part of a third, now extinct, manor of Gibcracks; the church of St John the Baptist is the oldest building in the village, dating from the 13th century, is grade I listed. There is a local folk tale that the church's spire was damaged by the Devil in the guise of a monk in the year 1402. According to the legend, the Devil passed between the legs of a parishioner as he departed, the man died of a wasting disease; the village has a long connection with the Sinclair family, known locally as St Clere. There are three wooden effigies in the church which date back to the thirteenth and fourteenth century One has been identified as being that of William St Clere. In 1968 it was taken to be exhibited at the Louvre in Paris. In 1779 the tomb of a knight was disturbed, the body therein was discovered to be preserved in what was described as "pickle", but this was contested by Joseph Strutt, MP for Maldon. Strutt attempted to write a romance with a book called Queenhoo Hall.
In 1808, Walter Scott was asked to complete the book by his publisher John Murray. Scott visited the village and stayed at the Griffin Inn in order to attempt his first venture into romantic fiction; the church contains some memorial slabs to the Mildmays. Sir Walter Mildmay was the founder of Emmanuel College and built Danbury Place in 1589; the original building has disappeared but another was built in 1832 in the Tudor Revival style, with red brick. It became a residence of the Bishop of Rochester. From on it became known as Danbury Palace; the mansion sits within the historic landscape of Danbury Country Park, a former medieval deer park, with additions dating from the 18th and 19th centuries. The history of the park and garden was researched by Kate Felus in 2007; the village is at the centre of extensive areas of woodland and heath owned by the National Trust and other conservation organisations. Danbury Common, a Site of Special Scientific Interest lies due south of the village centre; the woodlands extend into the parish of Little Baddow.
However the quietude of the surrounding countryside contrasts with the A414 road, a major trunk route running through the village centre linking it with Maldon to the east and Chelmsford to the west. Several bus services running from Chelmsford link Danbury with Maldon, Great Baddow, Little Baddow, South Woodham Ferrers and other villages around Maldon. Danbury has its own community magazine called The Danbury Journal, it covers local issues, events and is a way for local businesses to advertise the services they provide. Printed and published by maypole press in South Woodham Ferrers, it is delivered to every house in Danbury and Little Baddow. Danbury Church Spire was the origin for the 6 inch and 1:2500 Ordnance Survey maps of Huntingdonshire, Cambridgeshire and Suffolk, it was the origin for Essex, but that county was recalculated on the meridian of St. Paul's, London, in about 1919, due to the fact that Greater London started to spill out well into Essex. There are several primary schools in Danbury but no secondary schools.
The primary schools are: Danbury Park Community Primary School, St. John's Church of England Primary School, Heathcote Preparatory School and Elm Green Preparatory School. Bicknacre East Hanningfield Great Baddow Little Baddow Maldon Sandon South Woodham Ferrers Moore, Wendy. Danbury Walks: Six Circular Walks Around the Danbury Countryside. Essex County Council. ISBN 1-85281-150-1. Felus, Kate. Danbury Park - A Guide to the Historic Landscape. UK: Essex County Council. ISBN 978-1-84194-078-6. Mills, A. D.. Oxford Dictionary of English Place Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-280074-4. Danbury Parish Plan 2003. Danbury Parish Council. 2004. "Danbury Village website". Retrieved 2011-02-18
Springfield has been a civil parish of the Borough of Chelmsford, England since 1907. The parish takes in the portion of the town north of river Chelmer and west of the A12 bypass and comprised the manors of Springfield Hall, Springfield Barnes, Cuton Hall, in part New Hall; until the 1950s the parish was a semi-rural village lying one mile north east of Chelmsford, on the old Roman Road, with little to attract the visitor outside of the annual Essex show, a half dozen pubs and the town's prison and Essex Police headquarters, both of which still lie to the east of the Roman road. The Essex show-ground was once located on fields north of The Green, south of Pump Lane. Since this time the former show site along with a thousand or so acres of surrounding arable land have been developed to create the most populous suburb of Chelmsford. Springfield is continuing to expand with the planned Greater Beaulieu Park development, a mixed-use development comprising a residential development of up to 3,600 dwellings, new business park, retail spaces, leisure facilies, open space and community facilities, new highways including a radial distributor road, public transport provisions and associated and ancillary development, including full details in respect of roundabout access from Essex Regiment Way and a priority junction from White Hart Lane.
Through the increased development planned for Springfield and Greater Beaulieu, Springfield now has its first-ever estate agent, namely Hamilton Piers, that opened in July 2014. The historic heart of the parish is centred on the Anglican All Saints Church, Springfield Place and Green; this historic heart is one of the few areas not to have been visibly transformed in the last 50 years. A former resident of the village of Springfield, William Pynchon, went on to become one of the leaders of the Massachusetts Bay Colony - a group of New World settlers whose capital city was Boston. In 1636, Pynchon and a group of pioneers founded Springfield, beside New England's greatest river, the Connecticut River, amidst New England's most fertile soil. Named Agawam, the settlement was renamed "Springfield" in Pynchon's honour, after Pynchon had suffered indignities from Connecticut's Captain John Mason - the notorious "Indian Killer" of America's Pequot Wars - who expressed disdain at Pynchon's "delicate treatment" of the region's Native People.
After this, Springfield forever aligned with Boston, although 89 miles separate the two, instead of aligning with Hartford, now the state capital of Connecticut - only 23 miles south of Springfield. This city was the first of many across the English-speaking world to take the name of the Essex village. Among places named after Springfield, Massachusetts, is Springfield, the capital of that state; the parish hosts a number of schools: Secondary: New Hall School The Boswells School Primary: Barnes Farm School Bishops Primary School Chancellor Park New Hall School Perryfields School Springfield Primary School The Tyrrells School Trinity Road Community School Springfield Community Website Springfield Parish Council Springfield Green Conservation area A Vision of Britain through Time - Springfield
Boreham is a village and civil parish, in Essex, England. The parish is in the City of Chelmsford Parliament constituency; the village is 3.7 miles northeast from the county town of Chelmsford. Boreham is listed in the Domesday Book as "Borham". Local legend holds that highwayman Dick Turpin rode down the route than now forms part of the A12 on his famous ride from London to York, although historians now believe the ride never occurred. In the 1930s Boreham House and its surrounding land of 3,000 acres was bought by car magnate Henry Ford. In addition to using the house as a school for training Ford tractor mechanics, the company's British chairman, Lord Perry, established Fordson Estates Limited there, founded the Henry Ford Institute of Agricultural Engineering, an agricultural college; the house served as the temporary home for the National College of Agricultural Engineering in 1962. This moved to Silsoe, Bedfordshire as Silsoe College joining with Cranfield University; the Silsoe campus closed at the end of 2007.
In 1952 a Ham class minesweeper, HMS Boreham, was named after the village. Boreham remained small until the mid-1970s when a programme of house and shop building increased its size significantly. Boreham contains one of England's few remaining independent family-run gunsmiths, established in 1795. In addition to being a village, Boreham is a civil parish which has a parish councilThe parish is bounded at its south by the River Chelmer; the village, which lies on a Roman road, has a Norman church, a public house that dates from the 15th century. The surrounding countryside is hilly and is used to grow crops such as wheat, sugar beet and peas; the Great Eastern Main Line from Chelmsford to Colchester runs past the village. In the 1970s a bypass was built along the northern edge of the village, along the same route as the A12 and the nearby railway line; the parish includes the hamlet of Russell Green at the north. Boreham parish has a population of 4,000 people, covers about 3,840 acres of land. One mile to the northwest of the village is New Hall School, once a palace of Henry VIII known as The Palace of Beaulieu.
The estate on which it was built – the manor of Walhfare in Boreham – was granted to the Canons of Waltham Abbey in 1062. After a number of changes of possession, in 1491 it was granted by the Crown to the Earl of Ormond. By this time it had a house called New Hall. In 1517 New Hall was sold by Thomas Boleyn to Henry VIII of England; the king rebuilt the house in brick at a cost of £17,000. He gave his new palace the name'Beaulieu'. New Hall was the estate of the Tyrell family and latterly the Hoare banking family. In 1727, Benjamin Hoare commissioned architect Henry Flitcroft to build a new home nearby known as Boreham House, a stately home. A forest near the village was felled in 1943 to build a military airfield, the three one-mile runways of RAF Boreham opened in 1944, it hosted elements of the US Army Air Forces 394th Medium Bomb Group and the 315th Troop Carrier Group flying C-47s. After the Second World War the three runways were adapted into a triangular motor racing circuit Boreham Circuit, which held competitive meetings between 1949 and 1952.
It was bought by Ford in 1955 for use as a development test track. Ford Motorsport moved to Boreham in 1963, although some of the track was removed for gravel quarrying in 1996 the remaining track surface continues to be used for testing. Essex Police Air Support Unit have been based at the airfield and in 1990 began using Boreham airfield as a control centre for its fleet of helicopters. From 1997 to 2010, Essex Air Ambulance was based at the site. To the west of Boreham lies the A12 Boreham Interchange, at, a service facility with a BP petrol station, a McDonald's restaurant, a Premier Inn motel. On the opposite side of the A12 is The Grange public house. Elizabeth Stafford, Countess of Sussex is buried in the village. Thomas Wharton, 2nd Baron Wharton was given a residence in the village by Queen Mary I of England. Rod Harrington, a former darts player. Boreham Parish Council Details of the Boreham airfield and test-track
Hainault Forest Country Park is located in Greater London, with portions in: Hainault in the London Borough of Redbridge. With an area of 336 acres, Hainault Forest Country Park is a Site of Special Scientific Interest; the Redbridge section of the park is being developed by the Redbridge Council as a country park. The Essex section is managed by the Woodland Trust, who are contracted to do so by its owners, Essex County Council. Hainault Forest is one of the remaining sections of the former Forest of Essex in England. Epping Forest and Hatfield Forest are other remaining examples; the forest belonged to the abbey of Barking until the Dissolution of the Monasteries. In a survey made for Henry VIII in 1544 its extent was some 3,000 acres; the forest land was condemned as waste by an Act of Parliament, 1851, the deer removed, 92% of the old growth forest cut down. The land became marginal agricultural land and subsequently a significant proportion has been built on; the destruction was deplored by Sir Walter Besant in his works on London: the forest is the setting for his novel All in a Garden Fair.
Oliver Rackham described how the outrage at the destruction of Hainault led to the modern conservation movement with the creation of conservation groups which opposed such a fate happening to Epping Forest. After public pressure to retain some remnant of Hainault Forest, headed by Edward North Buxton, a total of 804 acres of land was bought for public use on 21 July 1906, it included 253 acres of rough pasture. Hainault Forest Country Park protected areas include: open space parklands — with numerous public footpaths and a large lake. List of Sites of Special Scientific Interest in Greater London List of Sites of Special Scientific Interest in Essex Unofficial Hainault Forest Country Park website London Gardens Online: Hainault Forest Country Park website Natural England: Citation — Hainault Forest "Map of Hainault Forest". Natural England